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Minimum dietary diversity and the concurrence of stunting and overweight among infants and young children in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
This study aims to examine the association between minimum dietary diversity (MDD) and the concurrence of stunting and overweight (CSO) among children aged 6–23 months.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Sedayu Subdistrict, Bantul District, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. The authors assessed the concurrence of stunting (height-for-age Z-score below −2 standard deviations SD) and overweight/obesity (Body mass index BMI-for-age Z-score above +2 SD) among a total of 189 children aged 6–23 months as the primary outcome. The authors defined MDD as consuming at least four out of seven food groups using a single 24-h ...
Source: Nutrition and Food Science - September 23, 2023 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bunga Astria Paramashanti Yhona Paratmanitya Ignasia Ika Kusumaningtyas Tri Mei Khasana Anafrin Yugistyowati Tri Siswati Source Type: research

Examining Black Women ’s Breastfeeding Experiences in the United States: A Scoping Review of Qualitative Studies
ConclusionThe breastfeeding experience for Black women is unique and poses additional areas for intervention based on cultural and historical stigma. Incorporating the identified factors into intervention design is key to creating more effective policies for improving breastfeeding rates in the Black women and closing the gap across racial/ethnic demographics in the United States. Still, more qualitative research with culturally relevant theories needs to be done to investigate the full scope and complexities of breastfeeding as a Black woman to develop messaging to encourage the behavior.
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - September 22, 2023 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correlations Among Maternal and Infant Factors, Lead Exposure, and Serum Prolactin Levels During Lactation: A Cross-sectional Study
CONCLUSIONS: Breastfeeding frequency had a stronger positive relationship with serum prolactin levels than protein and calcium intake. However, lead exposure was associated with reduced serum prolactin levels during lactation. Consequently, specific interventions from policymakers are necessary to manage breastfeeding in mothers exposed to lead.PMID:37735831 | DOI:10.3961/jpmph.23.238
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - September 22, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Linda Ratna Wati Djanggan Sargowo Tatit Nurseta Lilik Zuhriyah Bambang Rahardjo Source Type: research

Relationships of pregnancy and postpartum diet quality with offspring birth weight and weight status through 12  months
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal diet quality during pregnancy (and during postpartum in mothers who breastfed for a longer duration) was inversely related to LGA and weight status indicators from birth through 12 months. Increasing maternal diet quality may have use for promoting healthy infant weight development.PMID:37731285 | DOI:10.1002/oby.23891
Source: Obesity - September 21, 2023 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Leah Lipsky Jenna Cummings Anna Maria Siega-Riz Tonja Nansel Source Type: research

Cannabidiol Exposure Through Maternal Marijuana Use: Predictions in Breastfed Infants
ConclusionsBased on real-world use, breastfeeding infants are predicted to receive very small exposures of CBD through milk. Studies examining adverse reactions will provide further insight into potential risk.
Source: Clinical Pharmacokinetics - September 21, 2023 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Sex differences in lipids: A life course approach
Atherosclerosis. 2023 Sep 1:117270. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2023.117270. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDifferences between men and women in lipids and lipoproteins are observed in distribution and trajectory from infancy to adulthood in the general population. However, these differences are more pronounced in hereditary lipid disorders such as familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) when absolute cholesterol levels are higher from birth onwards. In the early life course, girls compared to boys have higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and total cholesterol, while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ...
Source: Atherosclerosis - September 20, 2023 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kirsten B Holven Jeanine Roeters van Lennep Source Type: research

Prelicensure Nursing Students' Attitudes Regarding Breastfeeding Education
Nurs Educ Perspect. 2023 Sep 19. doi: 10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000001191. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBreast milk feeding is vital to the health outcomes of the breastfeeding dyad. Nurses have a significant role to promote, educate, and support breastfeeding practices for breastfeeding dyads in diverse settings. Nurses should also promote breastfeeding awareness to normalize breastfeeding as the optimal food for infants. This pilot study investigated the effects of a basic breastfeeding educational module on the breastfeeding attitudes of prelicensure nursing students. There was a statistically significant change in attitud...
Source: Nursing Education Perspectives - September 19, 2023 Category: Nursing Authors: Stephanie D Uhr Teresa S Johnson Murad H Taani Source Type: research

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Update on Screening, Diagnosis, and Management
Am Fam Physician. 2023 Sep;108(3):249-258.ABSTRACTGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common condition of pregnancy with increasing prevalence in the United States. GDM increases risks of complications, including operative delivery, hypertensive disorders, shoulder dystocia, fetal macrosomia, large-for-gestational-age infants, neonatal hypoglycemia, and neonatal respiratory distress. In patients who are overweight or obese, prepregnancy weight loss and lifestyle modifications during pregnancy may prevent GDM. First-trimester screening can identify preexisting diabetes and early-onset GDM for prompt implementation of g...
Source: American Family Physician - September 19, 2023 Category: Primary Care Authors: Joshua S Will Holly Crellin Source Type: research

Supine versus Prone Position during Delayed Cord Clamping in Infants ≥36 Weeks: A Randomized Trial
Conclusion There was no difference between prone and supine positioning immediately after birth during delayed cord clamping on hematocrit at 30 hours of life. In the absence of clear findings, further studies with assessment of the effect of position on breastfeeding success in the case room, on maternal satisfaction and outcome beyond 30 hours are needed to make adequate recommendations on positioning. Key Points [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - September 19, 2023 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Bensouda, Brahim Mandel, Romain Mejri, Abdelwaheb Tordjman, Laurent St-Hilaire, Marie Ali, Nabeel Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Mapping of nutrition policies and programs in South Asia towards achieving the Global Nutrition targets
ConclusionThere is a need to contextualise efforts designated to donors and governments to improve the tracking of efforts that impact nutrition.
Source: Archives of Public Health - September 19, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The effect of midwife-oriented breastfeeding counseling on self-efficacy and performance of adolescent mothers: a clinical trial study
Breastfeeding behaviors are strongly influenced by self-efficacy. This research aimed to determine the effect of breastfeeding counseling based on the Ready Set Baby (RSB) education program on self-efficacy an...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - September 19, 2023 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sepideh Hosseinzadeh Fahim, Farideh Kazemi, Sayedeh Zahra Masoumi and Mansoureh Refaei Tags: Research Source Type: research

Ocular development after highly effective modulator treatment early in life
This article reviews the evidence for how HEMT influences the dynamic and interdependent processes of healthy and abnormal lens development in the context of HEMT exposure during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and raises questions that remain unanswered.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - September 19, 2023 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research