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Exploring the differential associations between components of executive functioning and reactive and proactive aggression - Hecht LK, Latzman RD.
OBJECTIVE: A large body of literature confirms the importance of executive functioning (EF) in the explanation of aggressive and antisocial behaviors. However, the common and specific associations between subtypes of aggression, such as reactive (RA), proa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Extraordinary findings in a case of self-inflicted cutaneous lesions - Canuto MJ, Martins ACGP, Dwan AJ, Neto CF, Nico MMS.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Factors influencing beliefs about intimate partner violence among adults in South Korea - Han YR, Jeong GH, Kim SJ.
This study aimed to identify factors influencing beliefs about intimate partner violence among Korean adults. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that analyzed data from 466 adults. MEASURES: Beliefs about intimate pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Evaluating the efficacy of DNA differential extraction methods for sexual assault evidence - Klein SB, Buoncristiani MR.
Analysis of sexual assault evidence, often a mixture of spermatozoa and victim epithelial cells, represents a significant portion of a forensic DNA laboratory's case load. Successful genotyping of sperm DNA from these mixed cell samples, particularly with ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Factors impacting sense of community among adults with brain injury - Ditchman N, Chan F, Haak C, Easton AB.
PURPOSE: Despite increasing interest in examining community outcomes following disability, sense of community (SOC) has received relatively no attention in the rehabilitation literature. SOC refers to feelings of belonging and attachment one has for a comm... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Evaluation of the implementation of the Trauma Triage and Destination Plan on the field triage of injured patients in North Carolina - Brice JH, Shofer FS, Cowden C, Lerner EB, Psioda M, Arasaratanam M, Mann NC, Fernandez AR, Waller A, Moss C, Mian M.
OBJECTIVE: Timely triage and appropriate destination decision making for injured patients are central challenges faced by emergency medical services (EMS) systems. In 2010, North Carolina (NC) adopted a statewide Trauma Triage and Destination Plan (TTDP) b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Evaluation of cholesterol as a biomarker for suicidality in a veteran sample - Reuter C, Caldwell B, Basehore H.
The objective of this rese... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Estimation of expected number of accidents and workforce unavailability through Bayesian population variability analysis and Markov-based model - das Chagas Moura M, Azevedo RV, Droguett EL, Chaves LR, Lins ID, Vilela RF, Filho RS.
Occupational accidents pose several negative consequences to employees, employers, environment and people surrounding the locale where the accident takes place. Some types of accidents correspond to low frequency-high consequence (long sick leaves) events,... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Fatigue and its' relationship to physical activity in adolescents and young adults with traumatic brain injury: a cross-sectional study - van Markus-Doornbosch F, Meesters J, Kraaij L, Wolterbeek R, Vliet Vlieland T.
This study aims to determine the level of PA and its determinants in adolesce... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

An evaluation of a community-oriented policing program in Taiwan - Kuo SY, Shih YC.
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a community-oriented policing (COP) by documenting results for 16 quantitative outcome variables, including crime incidents, crime clearance, residents' subjective feelings regarding police performance and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

Fatal accident due to anti-personnel ARGES EM01 rifle grenade explosion - Pavlidis P, Karakasi V, Birbilis TA.
During the process of unsealing an old ammunition box in order to destroy it, a 42-year-old ammunition technician was fatally injured due to an anti-personnel ARGES EM01-type rifle grenade detonation. The explosion took place in the victim's hands, in poin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Examination of fire and related accidents in Skikda Oil Refinery for the period 2002-2013 - Chettouh S, Hamzi R, Benaroua K.
This paper presents a statistical analysis of reported accidents related to the Skikda's Oil and Gas Refinery that led to a major explosion and loss of life. A historical review of fire, explosion and toxic release incidents that occurred during the period... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Fatal Overdose of Gamma-hydroxybutyrate Acid After Ingestion of 1,4-Butanediol - Le Garff E, Mesli V, Cornez R, Demarly C, Tournel G, H édouin V.
We report a case of fatal intoxication from 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BD), which was ingested by a young and "na ïve" gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) consumer during a party with the co-ingestion of alcohol, cannabis, and methylene-dioxy-methamphetamine. The followi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Factors associated with multi-disciplinary case conference outcomes in children admitted to a regional hospital in Hong Kong with suspected child abuse: a retrospective case series with internal comparison - Lo WC, Fung GP, Cheung PC.
This study examined the relationship between risk factors in a risk assessment matrix and child abuse case conference outcomes. METH... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Falls in people with Parkinson's disease: a prospective comparison of community and home-based falls - Lamont RM, Morris ME, Menz HB, McGinley JL, Brauer SG.
BACKGROUND: Falls are common and debilitating in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and restrict participation in daily activities. Understanding circumstances of falls in the community and at home may assist clinicians to target therapy more effectively... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Factors affecting mortality in older trauma patients - a systematic review and meta-analysis - Xu D, Yin LX, Luo P.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Evidence for a selectively regulated prioritization shift depending on walking situations in older adults - Salkovic D, Hobert MA, Bellut C, Funer F, Renno S, Haertner L, Hasmann SE, Staebler J, Geritz J, Suenkel U, Fallgatter AJ, Eschweiler GW, Berg D, Maetzler W.
BACKGROUND: Older adults have increased risks of balance issues and falls when walking and performing turns in daily situations. Changes of prioritization during different walking situations associated with dual tasking may contribute to these deficits. Th... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Family and individual risk and protective factors of depression among Chinese migrant children with oppositional defiant disorder symptoms - Liu X, Lin X, Zhou Q, Zhou N, Li Y, Lin D.
Migrant children reached 35.81 million in China and were vulnerable to serious emotional problems including depression. The present study aimed to identify the family and individual risk and protective factors for depression in an at-risk sample of Chinese... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Factors that predict discharge recommendations following paediatric mild traumatic brain injury - Roberts RM, Bunting J, Pertini M.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors that predict discharge recommendations for children and adolescents who present to an Australian paediatric Emergency Department (ED) following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Risky sexual behaviors as correlates of depression and suicidal ideation among male HIV test-seekers at a voluntary counseling and testing facility in Taiwan - Lin CC, Lee YT, Yang HJ.
This study aims at determining the level of depression and suicidal status of adult HIV test-seekers. Of the total enrolled 850 males, almost 50% reported some risk behaviors, 38.9% experienced depression, and 7.2% had suicidal ideation. Subjects with risk... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Pathogenic beliefs among patients with depressive disorders - Neelapaijit A, Wongpakaran T, Wongpakaran N, Thongpibul K.
INTRODUCTION: Pathogenic belief is a central construct within control-mastery theory, which is an integrated dynamic-cognitive-relational approach in psychotherapy. Pathogenic beliefs result from traumatic life experiences and are considered the root of an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Hawai'i physician workforce assessment 2016: improvement in physician numbers but physician suicides of concern - Withy K, Mapelli P, Perez J, Finberg A, Green J.
Hawai'i's Physician Workforce Assessment project was launched in 2010. Over the past 5 years the State has experienced decreases and increases in physician workforce. This current article describes the status of the physician workforce, past trends and ant... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Amygdala inputs to prefrontal cortex guide behavior amid conflicting cues of reward and punishment - Burgos-Robles A, Kimchi EY, Izadmehr EM, Porzenheim MJ, Ramos-Guasp WA, Nieh EH, Felix-Ortiz AC, Namburi P, Leppla CA, Presbrey KN, Anandalingam KK, Pagan-Rivera PA, Anahtar M, Beyeler A, Tye KM.
Orchestrating appropriate behavioral responses in the face of competing signals that predict either rewards or threats in the environment is crucial for survival. The basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA) and prelimbic (PL) medial prefrontal cortex hav... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Translating dynamic defense patterns from rodents to people - Blanchard DC.
Specific defensive behaviors of rodents are shaped by features of the eliciting threat stimuli and situation. Threat scenarios confirmed these relationships in people, with results substantially replicated in 4 additional scenario studies. Subsequent human... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Studies into abnormal aggression in humans and rodents: methodological and translational aspects - Haller J.
Here we review the principles based on which aggression is rendered abnormal in humans and laboratory rodents, and comparatively overview the main methodological approaches based on which this behavior is studied in the two categories of subjects. It appea... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Scientometrics on public health research in Iran: increase of area studies despite embargoes? A review article - Poreau B.
BACKGROUND: Due to embargoes and sanctions from 1979 until 2015, impact on scientific research in Iran may be critical. Public health is the main example of this burning point. In this paper, the aim was to map the scientific research in public health in I... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

A spatio-temporal analysis of suicide in El Salvador - Carcach C.
BACKGROUND: In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador's suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15  years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as opposed to an increasing rate of ho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

The use of emergency department-based psychological interventions to reduce repetition of self-harm behaviour - Witt K.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

The Stepping Stones and Creating Futures intervention to prevent intimate partner violence and HIV-risk behaviours in Durban, South Africa: study protocol for a cluster randomized control trial, and baseline characteristics - Gibbs A, Washington L, Willan S, Ntini N, Khumalo T, Mbatha N, Sikweyiya Y, Shai N, Chirwa E, Strauss M, Ferrari G, Jewkes R.
BACKGROUND: Preventing intimate partner violence (IPV) remains a global public health challenge. Studies suggest urban informal settlements have particularly high levels of IPV and HIV-prevalence and these settlements are rapidly growing. The current evide... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Strategies to prevent death by suicide: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials - Riblet NBV, Shiner B, Young-Xu Y, Watts BV.
BackgroundFew randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have shown decreases in suicide.AimsTo identify interventions for preventing suicide.METHODWe searched EMBASE and Medline from inception until 31 December 2015. We included RCTs comparing prevention... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking: impact of the OSPI-Europe depression awareness campaign in four European regions - Kohls E, Coppens E, Hug J, Wittevrongel E, Van Audenhove C, Koburger N, Arensman E, Szekely A, Gusm äo R, Hegerl U.
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking behaviour are important factors influencing depressed people to obtain professional help and adequate treatment. OSPI-Europe is a multi-level suicide prevention programme including a public aw... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

A brief psychological intervention to reduce repetition of self-harm in patients admitted to hospital following a suicide attempt: a randomised controlled trial - O'Connor RC, Ferguson E, Scott F, Smyth R, McDaid D, Park AL, Beautrais A, Armitage CJ.
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether a volitional helpsheet (VHS), a brief psychological intervention, could reduce repeat self-harm in the 6 months following a suicide attempt. METHODS: We did a prospective, single-site, randomised controlled trial... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Lower suicide intention in patients with personality disorders admitted for deliberate self-poisoning than in patients with other diagnoses - Grimholt TK, Jacobsen D, Haavet OR, Ekeberg Ø.
BACKGROUND: People with deliberate self-poisoning and personality disorders are in increased risk for suicide. Intention and psychiatric features are important factors in a psychiatric evaluation and for planning aftercare. METHODS: Patients admitt... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news

Fatal and serious collisions involving pedal cyclists and trucks in London between 2007 and 2011 - Talbot R, Reed S, Christie N, Barnes J, Thomas P.
OBJECTIVE: Increased numbers of people riding pedal cycles has led to a greater focus on pedal cycle safety. The aim of this paper is to explore factors that are associated with fatal and a small number of serious injury pedal cyclist crashes involving tru... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Spontaneous hedonic reactions to social media cues - van Koningsbruggen GM, Hartmann T, Eden A, Veling H.
Why is it so difficult to resist the desire to use social media? One possibility is that frequent social media users possess strong and spontaneous hedonic reactions to social media cues, which, in turn, makes it difficult to resist social media temptation... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

The weapon focus effect is weaker with Black versus White male perpetrators - Pickel KL, Sneyd DE.
We compared the influence of a weapon's presence on eyewitnesses' memory for a White versus a Black male perpetrator. Prior data indicate that unusual objects in visual scenes attract attention and that a weapon's effect depends on how unusual it seems wit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The structure of policy networks for injury and violence prevention in 15 us cities - Harris JK, Jonson-Reid M, Carothers BJ, Fowler P.
OBJECTIVES: Changes in policy can reduce violence and injury; however, little is known about how partnerships among organizations influence policy development, adoption, and implementation. To understand partnerships among organizations working on injury a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Estimate of the prevalence and burden of food poisoning by natural toxic compounds in South Korea - Park MS, Bahk GJ.
This study estimated the number of cas... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

The tension between promoting mobility and preventing falls in the hospital - Growdon ME, Shorr RI, Inouye SK.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Effects of speed control measures on the safety of unsignalized mid-block street crossings in china - Wang C, Ye Z, Wang X, Li W.
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different speed control measures on the safety of unsignalized mid-block street crossings. METHODS: In China, it is quite difficult to obtain traffic crash and conflict d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

A qualitative study on organizational factors affecting occupational accidents - Eskandari D, Jafari MJ, Mehrabi Y, Kian MP, Charkhand H, Mirghotbi M.
BACKGROUND: Technical, human, operational and organizational factors have been influencing the sequence of occupational accidents. Among them, organizational factors play a major role in causing occupational accidents. The aim of this research was to under... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Social dilemma structure hidden behind traffic flow with route selection - Tanimoto J, Nakamura K.
Several traffic flows contain social dilemma structures. Herein, we explored a route-selection problem using a cellular automaton simulation dovetailed with evolutionary game theory. In our model, two classes of driver-agents coexist: D agents (defective s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Egress, Escape, Evacuation, Crowds Source Type: news

Suicidality associated with PTSD, depression, and disaster recovery status among adult survivors 8 years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China - Guo J, He H, Fu M, Han Z, Qu Z, Wang X, Guan L.
It has been eight years since the Wenchuan earthquake. We don't know how the lives of those affected by the disaster may remain blighted by its effects, or how many remain thus affected. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of disas... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Social cognitive training improves emotional processing and reduces aggressive attitudes in ex-combatants - Trujillo S, Trujillo N, Lopez JD, Gomez D, Valencia S, Rendon J, Pineda DA, Parra MA.
Emotional processing (EP) is a complex cognitive function necessary to successfully adjust to social environments where we need to interpret and respond to cues that convey threat or reward signals. Ex-combatants have consistently shown atypical EP as well... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Social and hospital costs of patients admitted to a university hospital in Brazil due to motorcycle crashes - Dos Anjos KC, de Rezende MR, J únior RM.
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the social and hospital costs of patients treated at a public hospital who were motorcycle crash victims. METHOD: This prospective study was on 68 motorcycle riders (drivers or passengers), who were... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Negative appraisals and fear extinction are independently related to PTSD symptoms - Zuj DV, Palmer MA, Gray KE, Hsu CK, Nicholson EL, Malhi GS, Bryant RA, Felmingham KL.
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has revealed impaired fear extinction to be a significant predictor of PTSD. Fear extinction is also considered the primary mechanism of exposure therapy, and a critical factor in PTSD recovery. The cognitive theory of PTS... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Medicolegal assessment of psychic sequelae after minor traumatic events - Widder B.
The majority of medicolegal assessments in claimed psychic sequelae after accidents concerns minor traumatic events. In this case, the focus is on three questions: Was the event appropriate to cause a traumatic disturbance according to current psychiatric ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Facilitating role of traumatic experiences in art - Gerevich J.
Traumatic experiences can not only have unfavourable consequences, they can also contribute, with a kind of creative twist, to the development of the person affected by the trauma. The artistic responses to traumas can be examined on the basis of the diffe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Early return to physical activity post-concussion associated with reduced persistent symptoms - Schneider KJ.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Brainstem injury in motor vehicle crashes - Viano DC, Parenteau CS.
OBJECTIVE: This is a descriptive study of the frequency and risk for brainstem injury by crash type, belt use and crash severity (delta V). NASS-CDS electronic cases were reviewed to see if the transition from vehicles without advanced airbags and seatbelt... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news