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Total 10295965 results found since Jan 2013.

Root Cause Analyses of Reported Adverse Events Occurring During Gastrointestinal Scope and Tube Placement Procedures in the Veterans Health Association
Conclusions Retained items after invasive procedures and human factors errors were the most common and harmful type of adverse event in this study. Efforts to reduce adverse events during GI invasive procedures include improving situational awareness of the risk of retained items, standardization of care, communication between providers, and inspection of instruments for intactness before and after procedures.
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - February 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Sustaining Innovations in Complex Health Care Environments: A Multiple-Case Study of Rapid Response Teams
Conclusions The sustainability of RRTs is optimized through effective operationalization of organizational and project design and implementation factors. Two additional factors—individual and team characteristics—should be included in the Planning Model of Sustainability and considered as potential facilitators (or inhibitors) of RRT sustainability.
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - February 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Impact of Adverse Events on Clinicians: What's in a Name?
This article explores terminology used to describe the professionals involved in adverse events and services to support them. There is a concern that use of the term victim may connote passivity or stigmatize involved clinicians. Some patient advocates are also offended by the term, believing that it deemphasizes the experience of patients and families. Despite this, the term is now coming into widespread use by clinicians and health care managers as well as policy makers. As the importance of emotional support for clinicians continues to gain visibility, the terminology surrounding it will undoubtedly change and evolve. A...
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - February 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Assessing Patients' Perceptions of Safety Culture in the Hospital Setting: Development and Initial Evaluation of the Patients' Perceptions of Safety Culture Scale
Conclusions The Patients' Perceptions of Safety Culture scale contributes to both a more comprehensive view of patients' experience of healthcare and a more balanced approach to safety culture measurement in healthcare. It contributes to an increased recognition of patients' views on safety-relevant aspects of their care that provide important inputs to patient safety improvement.
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - February 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

How Is Patient Safety Understood by Healthcare Professionals? The Case of Bhutan
Conclusions Inadequate understanding of the term patient safety has potential to hinder improvement of patient safety processes and practices in the Bhutanese healthcare system. To improve patient safety in Bhutan’s healthcare system, patient safety training and education need to be provided to all categories of healthcare professionals.
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - February 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Evaluation of Patient Safety Culture in Community Pharmacies
Conclusions Understanding the safety culture of community pharmacies can help identify areas of strength and those that require improvement. Improvement efforts that focus on staffing, work pressure, and pace in community pharmacies may lead to better safety culture.
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - February 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Perceptions of Emergency Department Triage Nurses About Prehospital Emergency Rescuers in Italy: A Latent Threat to Clinical Handover
Conclusions The results of this survey show that the overall perception of triage nurses about prehospital rescuers is slightly below sufficiency. This perception could cause errors during the prehospital or hospital handover at the triage and could lead to delayed decisions and incorrect treatment.
Source: Journal of Patient Safety - February 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

DAISY: Meaningful Recognition—Transcending Cultural and Geographic Boundaries for Nurses
The International Council of Nurses and the World Health Organization have designated 2020 as the International Year of the Nurse and Midwife. 2020 Is also being celebrated as the 200th anniversary of Florence Nightingale's birth. The DAISY Award, as a global recognition of compassionate, extraordinary nursing care, aligns with both celebrations. DAISY stories from around the world demonstrate that nursing care delivered with compassionate skill is truly global and knows no boundaries!
Source: JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration - February 25, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Departments: Spotlight on DAISY Source Type: research

Artificial Intelligence and Nursing: The Future Is Now
As systems evolve over time, their natural tendency is to become increasingly more complex. Studies in the field of complex systems have generated new perspectives on the application of management strategies in health systems. Much of this research appears as a natural extension of the cross-disciplinary field of systems theory. Since writing my 1st article for Managing Organizational Complexity in 2004, much has happened to further our understanding of complexity in healthcare systems. The growth of new computational methods in the fields of data science and data analytics has allowed scientists to identify signals or pat...
Source: JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration - February 25, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Departments: Managing Organizational Complexity Source Type: research

Mercury sulfide-containing Hua-Feng-Dan and 70W (Rannasangpei) protect against LPS plus MPTP-induced neurotoxicity and disturbance of gut microbiota in mice.
Conclusionsα-HgS-containing Hua-Feng-Dan and β-HgS-containing 70W at clinical doses protected against chronic LPS plus MPTP-induced toxicity to the brain and gut, suggesting HgS-containing traditional medicines could target gut microbiota as a mechanism of their therapeutic effects.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - February 25, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Ethnopharmacology of Hypericum species in China: A comprehensive review on ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology
ConclusionsThere is a rich traditional knowledge regarding the ethnomedicinal uses of Hypericum species in China. Through phytochemical and pharmacological studies, several medicinal Hypericum from China have yielded many bioactive phytochemicals, possessing antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and neuroprotective properties. Hypericum species from China are potential sources of drugs to fight cancer and other chronic diseases. Remarkably, nearly half of Hypericum species in China have rarely been studied, and their ethnomedicinal potential have not been scientifically evaluated. Thus, in vitro mechanistic studies,...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - February 25, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Fluzoparib increases radiation sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells without BRCA1/2 mutation, a novel PARP1 inhibitor undergoing clinical trials
ConclusionThe potential therapeutic value of fluzoparib for increasing the radiation sensitivity of NSCLC is well confirmed. Moreover, our findings of high mutation frequencies among HR genes suggest that PARP1 inhibition may be an effective treatment strategy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - February 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Differential Immune Activating, Anti-Inflammatory, and Regenerative Properties of the Aqueous, Ethanol, and Solid Fractions of a Medicinal Mushroom Blend
Source: Journal of Inflammation Research - February 25, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Journal of Inflammation Research Source Type: research

An in-vitro dynamic flow model for translational research into dental unit water system biofilms
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Michel A. Hoogenkamp, Bernd W. Brandt, Johannes J. de Soet, Wim CrielaardAbstractDental unit water systems (DUWS) provide an excellent environment for biofilm formation and can form a potential health risk for patients and staff. To control this biofilm formation, better understanding of the DUWS biofilm ecology is needed. Described is a newly developed in-vitro DUWS model which is easy to build, can be inoculated with different water sources and allows for sampling of both the effluent and biofilm. Unlike most models, a...
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - February 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Fatality of Staphylococcus aureus infections in a Greek university hospital: role of inappropriate empiric treatment, methicillin resistance, and toxin genes ’ presence
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to identify predictors of fatality among patients withS. aureus infections requiring hospitalization. Cases hospitalized withS. aureus infections at the University General Hospital of Patras, Greece, during a 4-year period (2013 –2016) were studied.mecA, lukS/lukF-PV (Panton-Valentine leukocidin, PVL),tst (toxic shock syndrome toxin),fnbA (fibronectin-binding protein A),eta, andetb (epidermolytic toxins) genes ’ carriage was detected by PCR in 149 selected patients. Among 464 patients, 346 were included (118 with missing data). Primary bacteremia predominated (44.2%), followed b...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - February 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Genetic diversity of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae causing neonatal sepsis in intensive care unit, Cairo, Egypt
AbstractNeonatal sepsis is a great challenge for clinicians and infection control practitioners, especially in facilities with limited resources. Carbapenem-resistantKlebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is rapidly increasing and carriages a major threat to neonates. We aimed to examine phenotypes causing neonatal late onset sepsis (NLOS) in comparison with neonatal early onset sepsis (NEOS) with further investigations of genotypes, and genetic relatedness of CRKP in neonatal late-onset sepsis. Our study included 88 neonates diagnosed with sepsis: 58 with (NLOS) and 30 with (NEOS) from November 2015 to April 2016, at neonatal inten...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - February 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Development of immunochromatographic device as a point-of-care tool for serodiagnosis of human strongyloidiasis cases
AbstractHuman strongyloidiasis is an important gastrointestinal disease with an estimated 30 to 100 million people infected. Prevalence is generally underestimated since many infections are asymptomatic, and traditional diagnostic tests based on parasitological examination of stool samples are not adequately sensitive. Serological tests are useful and supportive but are still only available in a reference research setting. We made an immunochromatographic test (ICT) kit for rapid serodiagnosis of human strongyloidiasis. The antigen used in the ICT kit was extracted from larvae ofStrongyloides stercoralis. Diagnostic effica...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - February 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Risk of cerebro- and cardiovascular disease in patients with scrub typhus
AbstractWe analyzed the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC) data to evaluate whether scrub typhus infection is associated with increased risk of subsequent cardio- and cerebrovascular disease. Compared with the control group, the scrub typhus group showed a greater incidence rate of cardiovascular disease (14.5 vs. 9.0 cases per 1000 person-years). In contrast, the scrub typhus group showed no difference in incidence rate of cerebrovascular disease (12.0 vs. 13.3 cases per 1000 person-years). Based on the NHIS-NSC data, patients with scrub typhus are at greater risk of developing cardiovascu...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - February 25, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Beyond empathy: a qualitative exploration of arts and humanities in pre-professional (baccalaureate) health education
In conclusion, attending to the pre-professional admissions gateway presents a new, capabilities-driven approach to enhancing both the i mplementation and critical understanding of arts and humanities’ purpose, role, and effects across the “life course” of health professions education.
Source: Advances in Health Sciences Education - February 25, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Distribution of BCR –ABL1 Transcript Variants in Nigerians with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
AbstractThe distribution ofBCR –ABL1 transcript variants e13a2 ( “b2a2”) and e14a2 (“b3a2”) in Nigerians with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) had not been previously studied. In addition, there is paucity of data on the impact ofBCR –ABL1 transcript variants on clinical presentation and survival in CML patients in Nigeria. TheBCR –ABL1 transcript variants were analyzed in 230 Imatinib-treated CML patients at diagnosis. Patients with incomplete data (n  = 28), e19a2 (n = 3) and e1a2 (n = 1) were excluded from analysis of transcript variant on disease presentation and survival leaving only 198. The f...
Source: Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion - February 25, 2020 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Oncopolicy and global health diplomacy in times of rising populism
Source: Journal of Public Health Policy - February 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Lifelines NEXT: a prospective birth cohort adding the next generation to the three-generation Lifelines cohort study
AbstractEpidemiological research has shown there to be a strong relationship between preconceptional, prenatal, birth and early-life factors and lifelong health. The Lifelines NEXT is a birth cohort designed to study the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic determinants on health and disease in a four-generation design. It is embedded within the Lifelines cohort study, a prospective three-generation population-based cohort study recording the health and health-related aspects of 167,729 individuals living in Northern Netherlands. In Lifelines NEXT we aim to include 1500 pregnant Lifelines participants and intensively follow ...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - February 25, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Impact of panel design and cut-off on tumour mutational burden assessment in metastatic solid tumour samples
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 25 February 2020; doi:10.1038/s41416-020-0762-5Impact of panel design and cut-off on tumour mutational burden assessment in metastatic solid tumour samples
Source: British Journal of Cancer - February 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Joanne M. Mankor Marthe S. Paats Floris H. Groenendijk Paul Roepman Winand N. M. Dinjens Hendrikus J. Dubbink Stefan Sleijfer Edwin Cuppen Martijn P. J. K. Lolkema Source Type: research

Spiral carbon fibers modified Bi2WO6 with enhanced photocatalytic activity
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of SolidsAuthor(s): Shiyun Lei, Chan Qin, Xiaolong Tang, Junbo Zhong, Jianzhang Li, Jian ChenAbstractIn this work, spiral carbon fibers (SCFs) were employed to surface decoration of Bi2WO6 (BWO) through a facile hydrothermal method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman, electron spin-resonance (ESR) and surface photovoltage spectroscopy (SPS). The results reveal that SCFs c...
Source: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids - February 24, 2020 Category: Physics Source Type: research

Crystal structure, growth and physiochemical properties of nonlinear optical single crystal: Bis(cyclohexylammonium) dioxalate hydrate
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): K. Senthil, A. Senthil, K. ElangovanAbstractNew organic single crystals of Bis(cyclohexylammonium) dioxalate hydrate (BHADO) were grown by slow evaporation solution method at 30 °C temperature. The structure of crystalline material was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The title compound crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system with non-centrosymmetric space group Cc. FT-IR and FT-Raman analyses were carried out to find the functional groups present in the grown sample. Optical study reveals t...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - February 24, 2020 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Traction and Hot Fomentations for Osteo-Arthritis.
Authors: Abstract Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times.In this month's article, from the May...
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - February 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research

A collagen-based electrolyte-locked separator enables capacitor to have high safety and ionic conductivity
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Energy ChemistryAuthor(s): Heng Xu, Yaping Wang, Xuepin Liao, Bi ShiABSTRACTThe conventional liquid electrolytes (LEs) have a high level of ionic conductivity; however, they often suffer from the poor processability and safety risks of potential leakage. Although solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) can solve these inherent problems of LEs, the ionic conductivity of most SSEs is several magnitudes lower than these of LEs. Herein, we report a novel strategy by building liquid ion-transport channels in a solid framework and prepared an electrolyte-locked separa...
Source: Journal of Energy Chemistry - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Nickel(I) salen-catalyzed reduction of 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113): CO2-mediated carbon–fluorine bond cleavage
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Electroanalytical ChemistryAuthor(s): J. Tyler Barnes, Rachyl A. Adams, Seyyedamirhossein Hosseini, Elizabeth R. Wagoner, Dennis G. PetersAbstractCyclic voltammetry, controlled-potential (bulk) electrolysis, gas chromatography (GC), gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), and high-performance liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry (HPLC–ESI–MS) have been used to investigate the direct and nickel(I) salen-catalyzed reduction of 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113) in both Ar- and CO2-saturated dimethyl...
Source: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Wide dynamic range and ultrasensitive detection of hydrogen peroxide based on beneficial role of gold nanoparticles on the electrochemical properties of prussian blue
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Electroanalytical ChemistryAuthor(s): Amir Homayoun Keihan, Razieh Ramezani Karimi, Sharareh SajjadiAbstractThis paper reports the beneficial effects of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) on the deposition, electrochemistry and electrocatalysis of Prussian Blue (PB) on a glassy carbon electrode modified with a bucky gel (BG) consisting of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and ionic liquid (IL). The electrodeposition of PB nanoparticles was accomplished on the BG/GC electrode in the absence and presence of GNPs and the effect of GNPs on the electrochemical properties of PB ...
Source: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Constrained titanohematite formation at BTO/Fe interfaces deposited by RF-sputtering
Publication date: 5 July 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 828Author(s): C.O. Amorim, K. Sloyan, M.R. Correia, A.A.C.S. Lourenço, M.S. Dahlem, V.S. AmaralAbstractThe usage of heterostructures of ferromagnetic and ferroelectric materials, as a means of achieving magnetoelectric multiferroic coupling, is a widely used approach which has been showing promising results. Along this line of thought, the deposition of BaTiO3 and Fe multilayers on LaAlO3, MgO, Al2O3 and SrTiO3 substrates using RF-magnetron sputtering was carried out to study its viability to produce magnetoelectric heterostructures.It is shown t...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Hierarchical ZnO nanorod/ZnFe2O4 nanosheet core/shell nanoarray decorated with PbS quantum dots for efficient photoelectrochemical water splitting
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Haiyu Jiang, Yajie Chen, Li Li, He Liu, Can Ren, Xiu Liu, Guohui TianAbstractThe construction of a uniform heterojunction photoelectrode with rational band alignment and component control has been proved to improve the performance of photoelectrochemical water splitting. Here we prepared ZnO nanorod/ZnFe2O4 nanosheet core/shell nanoarray photoanodes, and PbS quantum dots were further decorated to promote charge transport and act as light absorber. The optimized ZnO/ZnFe2O4/PbS photoanode displays a significantly enhanced ph...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Effects of trace Nb addition on microstructure and properties of Ti–6Al–4V thin-wall structure prepared via cold metal transfer additive manufacturing
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Jian Gou, Zhijiang Wang, Shengsun Hu, Junqi Shen, Yinbao Tian, Guancheng Zhao, Youquan ChenAbstractTo refine the coarse columnar prior-β grains across the layers in the cold metal transfer additive manufacturing (CMTAM) of a Ti–6Al–4V thin-wall structure, the addition of trace Nb, which functioned as heterogeneous nuclei, is proposed. After the addition of trace Nb powder, intra-layer bands were obtained in each layer of the Ti–6Al–4V wall, which divided each layer into two parts according to the existing forms of ...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

A first principles investigation of W1-xMox (x=0–68.75 at.%) alloys: Structural, electronic, mechanical and thermal properties
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Z.L. Wang, W.J. Gao, Y.L. Liu, R. Li, F.S. Meng, J.P. Song, Y. QiAbstractMolybdenum (Mo) is becoming a focused addition in tungsten (W) while the influence mechanisms of Mo in W remain unclear. The structural, electronic, mechanical and thermal properties of W–Mo binary alloys are systematically studied by using the first principles method based on different substitution models within a large scaled Mo addition (0–68.75 at.%). Present study shows that, Mo is favorable to the stability and ductility of W and unfavorabl...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Tailoring microstructures and tensile properties of a precipitation-strengthened (FeCoNi)94Ti6 medium-entropy alloy
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Y. Chen, H.W. Deng, Z.M. Xie, M.M. Wang, J.F. Yang, T. Zhang, Y. Xiong, R. Liu, X.P. Wang, Q.F. Fang, C.S. LiuAbstractThe coherent precipitate L12-type Ni3Ti nanoclusters and nano-sized particles in a fcc-FeCoNi medium-entropy alloy (MEA) matrix were designed and realized through minor Ti addition. The mechanical properties were modulated by thermo-mechanical processing and various annealing treatments, which leads to different hardening mechanisms such as dislocation strengthening and precipitation strengthening. An excell...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

One-step green and scalable dry synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene-encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles as high-performance supercapacitor electrode
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Siyu Su, Liuqin Lai, Rui Wang, Liang Zhang, Yifan Cui, Rong Li, Naili Guo, Wei Shi, Xiaohong ZhuAbstractAdvanced electrode materials are of vital importance to the application of high-performance supercapacitors. However, most of the electrode materials are limited by their low specific capacitance and/or poor cycling stability. In this work, nitrogen-doped graphene-encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@NG) were synthesized through a simple one-step green and scalable dry pyrolysis method, in which the uniform growth of F...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Enhanced lithium ion storage in dual carbon decorated β-Ga2O3 rendered by improved reaction kinetics
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Shuyue Yang, Qichang Chen, Shibing Ni, Zhen Xu, Dongmei Zhang, Tao Li, Xuelin YangAbstractGraphene and amorphous carbon decorated β-Ga2O3 nanoparticles (β-Ga2O3@G/C) were fabricated via facile freezing-dry approach and subsequent sintering treatment. In the β-Ga2O3@G/C, β-Ga2O3 nanoparticles facilitate the lithium ion diffusion, and dual carbon decoration promotes the electron transfer, triggering high pseudocapacitive contribution for charge storage. The pseudocapacitive charge storage for the fresh electrode is 61.7%,...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Performance evaluation of hybrid constructed wetlands for the treatment of municipal wastewater in developing countries
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Chinese Journal of Chemical EngineeringAuthor(s): Sajjad Haydar, Mehwish Anis, Misbah AfaqAbstractIn developing countries, high cost of conventional wastewater treatment is a major hindrance in its application. Constructed wetlands (CWs) offer low-cost and effective solution to this issue. The current study aimed to evaluate an innovative maneuver of CWs i.e. hybrid flow constructed wetlands (HCWs) for municipal wastewater (MWW). The HCWs included two lab scale CWs; one horizontal and one vertical, in series. Local plant species were used. HCWs were operated in bot...
Source: Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Kinetics and the difference for extraction of praseodymium and neodymium from nitrate aqueous solution by A336NO3 using the single drop technique
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Chinese Journal of Chemical EngineeringAuthor(s): Xiaoqin Wang, Kun Huang, Wenjuan Cao, Pan Sun, Weiyuan Song, Huizhou LiuAbstractThe kinetics and the difference for Pr(III) and Nd(III) extraction from nitrate aqueous solution using trialkylmethylammonium nitrate ([A336][NO3]) as extractant were investigated by the single drop technique. The dependence of the extraction rate of Pr(III) and Nd(III) on the concentrations of free Pr(III) and Nd(III) ions, the concentrations of NaNO3 and H+ in aqueous solutions, and the concentrations of [A336][NO3] in kerosene solutio...
Source: Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering - February 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

The shuttling effects and associated mechanisms of different types of iron oxide nanoparticles for Cu(II) reduction by Geobacter sulfurreducens
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Hao Qiu, Hang Xu, Zibo Xu, Bing Xia, Willie J.G.M. Peijnenburg, Xinde Cao, Huihui Du, Ling Zhao, Rongliang Qiu, Erkai HeABSTRACTIron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), commonly occurring in soils, aquifers and subsurface sediments, may serve as important electron shuttles for the biotransformation of coexisting toxic metals. Here, we explored the impact of different IONPs (low-crystallinity goethite and ferrihydrite, high-crystallinity magnetite and hematite) on the reduction of Cu(II) by Geobacter sulfurreducens and the associate...
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - February 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Cell surface-expression of the phosphate-binding protein PstS: System development, characterization, and evaluation for phosphorus removal and recovery
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Journal of Environmental SciencesAuthor(s): Faten B. Hussein, Kaushik Venkiteshwaran, Brooke K. MayerAbstractSimultaneous overabundance and scarcity of inorganic phosphate (Pi) is a critical issue driving the development of innovative water/wastewater treatment technologies that not only facilitate Pi removal to prevent eutrophication, but also recover Pi for agricultural reuse. Here, a cell-surface expressed high-affinity phosphate binding protein (PstS) system was developed, and its Pi capture and release potential was evaluated. E. coli was genetically modified ...
Source: Journal of Environmental Sciences - February 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Bone and Muscle Health Can Make or Break Care as We Age: Geriatrics Experts Hope These New Insights Can Strengthen Science's Response.
PMID: 32083702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Gerontological Nursing - February 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Linnebur S Tags: J Gerontol Nurs Source Type: research

Family Caregiving During the Hospitalization of an Older Relative.
Abstract The purpose of the current study was to examine the role and activities of family caregivers for older relatives during hospitalization. The Family Care Actions Index was completed by 293 family caregivers of hospitalized older adults. Results indicated that the scope of caregiving activities extended beyond providing care to the patient and included working together with the health care team. Activities requiring interaction with providers, such as care coordination, planning, evaluation, and oversight, were frequently performed by family caregivers. Family caregivers are assuming a greater role during t...
Source: Journal of Gerontological Nursing - February 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Glose S Tags: J Gerontol Nurs Source Type: research

The Lived Experience of Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes-Related Distress.
The objective of the current phenomenological study was to describe how diabetes-related distress might be uniquely experienced by older adults (age ≥65) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interpretive phenomenology guided the research design and analysis. Everyday life experiences of living with T2DM and elevated diabetes distress were investigated with interpretive interviews. The most prevalent lived experiences were strained relationships with health care providers, guilt, fear, loneliness, and forgetfulness. These experiences created challenges in managing diabetes and increased diabetes-related distress. Improvi...
Source: Journal of Gerontological Nursing - February 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Hernandez L, Leutwyler H, Cataldo J, Kanaya A, Swislocki A, Chesla C Tags: J Gerontol Nurs Source Type: research

The Effects of Health Care Policies: LGBTQ Aging Adults.
Abstract Projected estimates for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ) populations in the United States reach 4 to 8 million older adults by 2030. Healthy People 2020 created goals to improve the health, safety, and well-being of these individuals. However, not all political agendas point to resolutions favorable for this population. Provisions under the Affordable Care Act once considered status quo protections for the LGBTQ community are now threatened as law makers are rolling back health care mandates, exposing members of the LGBTQ community to potential exacerbations of prejudice, discrimination,...
Source: Journal of Gerontological Nursing - February 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Zanetos JM, Skipper AW Tags: J Gerontol Nurs Source Type: research

Examining psychological distress across intersections of immigrant generational status, race, poverty, and gender - Mancenido A, Williams EC, Hajat A.
While many studies have documented the health outcomes of immigrants, little is known about the direct and intersectional influences of generational status on mental health. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study using data from the Californ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The role of emotional intelligence and sociocultural adjustment on migrants' self-reported mental well-being in Spain: a 14 month follow-up study - Gonz ález-Castro JL, Ubillos Landa S, Puente Martínez A, Vera Perea M.
In this study, perceived health, emotional intelligence, sociocultural ad...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Results from Nepal’s 2018 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth
ConclusionsThough a majority of Nepalese children and youth use active modes of transport and have adequate support for physical activity from family and peers, overall participation in physical activity appears to be low. Lack of data identified with five incomplete indicators reflects the need for further research. Studies with larger sample, more rigorous study design and objective assessment of physical activity is recommended for future physical activity surveillance in Nepal.
Source: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness - February 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

In vitro activity of Fosfomycin against mucoid and non-mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains
ConclusionsOur data suggest that fosfomycin has good effect against mucoid and non-mucoid strains of P. aeruginosa and automated systems can be implemented in clinical microbiology laboratories to assess fosfomycin with rapid and reproducible results.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - February 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Transoral resection with buccinator flap reconstruction vs. pull-through resection and free flap reconstruction for the management of T1/T2 cancer of the tongue and floor of the mouth
ConclusionT1/T2 cancers of the tongue and floor of the mouth can be equally treated with both techniques. Because of the fact that transoral resection with buccinators reconstruction provides better functional outcome, this technique should be preferred whenever appropriate.
Source: Journal of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery - February 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Prognostic Value of Neutrophil –Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet–Lymphocyte Ratio in Head and Neck Malignancies
AbstractTo study the prognostic significance of neutrophil –lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet–lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in head and neck cancers. The study included 170 cases of histopathologically diagnosed head and neck cancer patients and 80 control subjects. NLR and PLR of patients with head and neck cancers were compared to the control group. The co rrelation between NLR and PLR values and factors such as age, gender, duration of symptoms, site of tumour, histological type, histological grading, T-category, N-category and TNM stages in cancer patients were analysed. NLR and PLR were statistically higher in cancer p...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - February 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research