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During late life, what's important changes
(Allina Health) Supportive late life care improves experience and cost, and model can be replicated. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Researchers warn of hazards of smoking and need for wider use of varenicline to quit
(Florida Atlantic University) More than 35 million Americans are trying to quit smoking. Researchers reassure clinicians and their patients that varenicline, whose brand name is Chantix, is a safe and effective way to achieve smoking cessation and that failure to use this drug has caused preventable heart attacks and deaths from cardiovascular disease. Just a few months ago, the FDA removed the black box warning from varenicline. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

NUS Pharmacy team develops 'calculator' to predict risk of early hospital readmission
(National University of Singapore) A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore has developed a novel web-based tool that predicts a patient's 15-day readmission risk. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Transport of molecular motors into cilia
(Aarhus University) Molecular motors produce the force that powers the beat of sperm cell tails to generate movement toward the egg cell for fertilization. New research now shows how the molecular motors that power the movement of sperm cells are recognized and specifically transported into the tail region of the cell. This knowledge can pave the way for a better understanding of disease causing mutations causing sterility. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

'Maria Theresa was a relentlessly strict matriarch'
(Cluster of Excellence " Religion and Politics ") New biography on the occasion of the empress' 300th birthday -- historian Barbara Stollberg-Rilinger refutes clich é s about one of the most powerful women in history: prosecution of Protestants and Jews, cruelty against her own children, hypocrisy at the royal court -- book nominated for the Prize of the Leipzig Book Fair. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

ERC Advanced Grant for Sitta von Reden
(University of Freiburg) The European Research Council selects the Historian of Antiquity's 'Beyond the Silk Road' project for a € 2.5 million grant. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Is personal adversity contributing to political polarization?
(University at Buffalo) Unexpected life events can lead to political polarization, pushing moderates toward the spectrum's extremes, according to a new study co-authored by a University at Buffalo psychologist. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

'Say it fast, fluent and flawless'
(Umea University) A new doctoral dissertation by Parvin Gheitasi at Ume å University in Sweden explores the different functions of prefabricated phrases in young learners' oral language production. These phrases provided learners with an instrument to overcome their lack of knowledge, to improve their fluency, and to enjoy some language play. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Playing to beat the blues: Video games viable treatment for depression
(University of California - Davis) Video games and 'brain training' applications are increasingly touted as an effective treatment for depression. A new UC Davis study carries it a step further, though, finding that when the video game users were messaged reminders, they played the game more often and in some cases increased the time spent playing. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

People who watch entertainment TV are more likely to vote for populist politicians
(Queen Mary University of London) People exposed to entertainment television are more likely to vote for populist politicians according to a new study co-authored by an economist at Queen Mary University of London. The researchers investigated the political impact of entertainment television in Italy over the last 30 years during the phased introduction of Silvio Berlusconi's commercial TV network Mediaset. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

UTA's Robert J. Gatchel wins American Psychological Foundation's 2017 Gold Medal Award
(University of Texas at Arlington) Robert J. Gatchel, Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Nancy P.& John G. Penson Endowed Professor of Clinical Health Psychology, has been awarded the American Psychological Foundation's 2017 Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 24, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP): A new model that addresses limitations of traditional taxonomies
(American Psychological Association) An inaugural publication from an international consortium of psychologists and psychiatrists offers a new approach to diagnosing mental disorders. The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) -- introduced by Dr. Roman Kotov and colleagues (Online First) in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology -- is a new, dimensional classification system of a wide range of psychiatric problems that was developed to reflect the state-of-the art scientific evidence. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 24, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Most Lithuanians still emigrate for economic reasons
(Kaunas University of Technology) Independent research, initiated and carried out by Kaunas University of Technology (KTU) interdisciplinary migration research cluster shows that introduction of Euro in Lithuania coincides with the fourth wave of emigration. In 2015, more than 40 thousand people left Lithuania, and in 2016 -- around 50 thousand. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 24, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

The Role of Context in Ethnic/Racial Identity Among Minority Youth
(Society for Research in Child Development) This special section of Child Development, edited by Drs. Eleanor Seaton, Stephen Quintana, Maykel Verkuyten and Gilbert Gee, adds important information to the research in this area. It includes articles from national and international scholars on how policies, relationships, and locations can influence the development and content of ethnic/racial identity among youth. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 24, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Predatory lizard enters Brazil clandestinely
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) Anolis porcatus, a species native to Cuba, has been identified in several areas near the Port of Santos on the S ã o Paulo coast, in Brazil. Its introduction into this area may threaten the survival of local lizard populations. A DNA study suggests these lizards could have come from Florida, where they're also exotic, rather than directly from Cuba. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Most remaining smokers in US have low socioeconomic status
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) After decades of declining US smoking rates overall, most remaining smokers have low income, no college education, no health insurance or a disability. About 15 percent of US adults -- more than 36 million -- continue to smoke cigarettes. Half to three-fourths of them have one or more low-socioeconomic disadvantages, and the lowest socioeconomic categories have the highest smoking rates. The study concludes that continuing tobacco use is now concentrated among the least advantaged portion of society. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

OFC concludes featuring the evolution of silicon photonics, 5G networking and the Internet of Things
(The Optical Society) OFC, the world's leading conference and exhibition for optical communications and networking professionals, concludes with 663 exhibiting companies, over 1,100 peer-reviewed papers and 14,500 attendees. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Study: Pharmacies should proactively offer naloxone to all patients who meet evidence-based criteria
(Boston University Medical Center) Pharmacies should proactively offer naloxone, a drug that blocks or reverses the effects of overdose, to patients taking opioid medications through universal opt-out strategies in an effort to get the life-saving drug into the hands of more people who need it, according to a new study out of Boston Medical Center (BMC). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Research consortium develops evidence-based diagnostic model for mental illness
(University at Buffalo) Researchers haves has developed a new, evidence-based alternative to the mental health field's long-established diagnostic tools for the classification, treatment, and research of mental disorders. The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) addresses what the authors say are limitations to the reliability and validity of traditional models. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Tamanna Ratti Roshan Lal receives Sanofi Genzyme/ACMG Foundation Genetics Training Award
(American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics) Recognized for her work in Clinical Biochemical Genetics, Tamanna Ratti Roshan Lal MB ChB was honored as the recipient of the Sanofi Genzyme Award presented by the ACMG Foundation for Genetic and Genomic Medicine during the 2017 ACMG Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

The ACMG Foundation announces recipient of the ACMG Foundation Carolyn Mills Lovell Award
(American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics) Allison Mitchell, MS, CGC was presented with the ACMG Foundation Carolyn Mills Lovell Award at the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) 2017 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona. Ms. Mitchell was selected to receive the award for her poster presentation, 'Clinical Implementation of Novel, Preemptive Pharmacogenomic Testing for Newborns Delivered in a Community Hospital System.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Peptide targeting senescent cells restores stamina, fur, and kidney function in old mice
(Cell Press) Regular infusions of a peptide that can selectively seek out and destroy broken-down cells that hamper proper tissue renewal, called senescent cells, showed evidence of improving healthspan in naturally aged mice and mice genetically engineered to rapidly age. The proof-of-concept study, published March 23 in Cell, found that an anti-senescent cell therapy could reverse age-related loss of fur, poor kidney function, and frailty. It is currently being tested whether the approach also extends lifespan. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Asian-American students have strong academic support -- but is it too much?
(New York University) Despite having the strongest academic support from parents, teachers, and friends, second-generation Asian-American adolescents benefit much less from these supports than others, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

New study shows circular RNA can encode for proteins
(The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) Scientists have discovered a protein-encoding function for circular RNA, a form of RNA until now considered non-coding. This kind of RNA molecule is highly active in brain cells. By identifying the function of circRNAs, the research helps advance our understanding of molecular biology, and can be helpful in understanding aging or neuro-degenerative diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

New tools to study the origin of embryonic stem cells
(Karolinska Institutet) Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have identified cell surface markers specific for the very earliest stem cells in the human embryo. These cells are thought to possess great potential for replacing damaged tissue but until now have been difficult to distinguish from classical embryonic stem cells. The study is published in the prestigious journal Cell Stem Cell. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

A new approach to diagnosing mental disorders could become an alternative to DSM-5
(University of Minnesota) A consortium of psychiatrists and psychologists from universities around the world, co-led by Stony Brook University, University of Minnesota and University of Notre Dame researchers, has proposed a new approach to diagnosing mental disorders. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Physicians committee hosts CME conference to help providers prescribe a plant-based diet
(Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine) Diet-related risk factors account for nearly half, more than 300,000, cardiometabolic deaths each year related to heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Eight-six percent of doctors feel uncomfortable talking to patients about diet and health. Dietary risks remain the leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Neal Barnard, M.D., F.A.C.C., president of the nonprofit Physicians Committee, aims to change this and brings the fifth-annual International Conference on Nutrition in Medicine (ICNM) to international health care providers and medical students on July 28 ...
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

White families with children drawn to less diverse neighborhoods, schools
(University of Southern California) Racial segregation is declining, but it remains higher for families with children than those without, a new study shows. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Study shows how brain combines subtle sensory signals to take notice
(Brown University) New research in eLife explains how the developing brain learns to integrate and react to subtle but simultaneous sensory cues -- sound, touch and visual -- that would be ignored individually. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Cardiac lead extractions safer in high volume centers
(European Society of Cardiology) Cardiac lead extraction is safer in high volume centers, according to the largest study of contemporary practice in Europe published today in European Heart Journal. Extraction in a low volume center was associated with a doubled risk of death while in hospital. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

UVA finds ANOTHER immune system link science said didn't exist
(University of Virginia Health System) The University of Virginia School of Medicine has again shown that a part of the body thought to be disconnected from the immune system actually interacts with it, and that discovery helps explain cases of male infertility, certain autoimmune diseases and even the failure of cancer vaccines. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

When people prepare for conflict, dominant leaders take the stage
(Aarhus University) One popular theory holds that dominant leaders are supported by those who fear new situations and threats. However, new research from Aarhus BSS shows that support for dominant leaders is not born of fear, but of a wish to handle the country's problems by aggressive means. The research was recently published in the journal Political Psychology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Less is more: New moms need workout programs that are less structured, more flexible
(Kansas State University) Often running on empty, new moms may need a bit more flexibility and support to ease back into exercise after giving birth, according to a Kansas State University researcher.Emily Mailey, assistant professor in kinesiology, said when a mom has survived the first several weeks of having a new baby and is ready to start adding exercise -- and all of its benefits -- back into her life, a more flexible approach works better than a specific regimen. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Republicans less likely to be critical about Obamacare when thinking of their own medical needs
(University of Exeter) US Republican voters are less likely to be critical about the performance of the controversial 'Obamacare' health reforms when they are reminded about their own medical needs, new research shows. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Dark tourism has grown around myth of prison tree
(University of Adelaide) New research involving the University of Adelaide is helping to expose a myth about a significant Australian 'prison tree,' which researchers say has become a popular tourism attraction for the wrong reasons. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Connected dolls and tell-tale teddy bears: Why we need to manage the Internet of Toys
(European Commission Joint Research Centre) Action is needed to monitor and control the emerging Internet of Toys, concludes a new report by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre. Privacy and security are highlighted as main areas of concern. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Researchers propose new diagnostic model for psychiatric disorders
(University of Notre Dame) A consortium of 50 psychologists and psychiatrists, including Notre Dame professors Lee Anna Clark and David Watson, has outlined a new diagnostic model for mental illness. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Penn Program in Environmental Humanities' event explores the idea of an 'Ecotopian Toolkit'
(University of Pennsylvania) Prompted in part by the 500th anniversary of Thomas More's Utopia, the 'Ecotopian Toolkit conference at the University of Pennsylvania will celebrate how utopian imaginaries from across disciplines can address environmental challenges. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Age at immigration influences occupational skill development
(Duke University) Future occupations of US immigrant children are influenced by how similar their native language is to English, according to a new study from scholars at Duke University and the US Naval Postgraduate School. 'The more difficult it is for the child to learn English, the more likely they will invest in math/logic and physical skills over communications skills,' said co-author Marcos Rangel, assistant professor of public policy at Duke's Sanford School of Public Policy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Dairy farmers should rethink a cow's curfew, says UBC researchers
(University of British Columbia) Dairy cows housed indoors want to break curfew and roam free, suggests new research from the University of British Columbia, published today in Scientific Reports. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Boosting natural brain opioids may be a better way to treat anxiety: Research
(University of Sydney) Boosting natural brain opioids may be a better way to treat disabling emotions, says new research revealing their role in regulating critical brain circuits affecting fear and anxiety. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Lack of staffing, funds prevent marine protected areas from realizing full potential
(National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center) Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an increasingly popular strategy for protecting marine biodiversity, but a new global study demonstrates that widespread lack of personnel and funds are preventing MPAs from reaching their full potential. Only 9 percent of MPAs reported having adequate staff.The findings are published in the journal Nature on March 22. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Scientists identify brain circuit that drives pleasure-inducing behavior
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT neuroscientists have discovered a brain circuit that responds to rewarding events. Scientists have long believed that the central amygdala, a structure located deep within the brain, is linked with fear and responses to unpleasant events, but the new study finds that most of the neurons here are involved in the reward circuit. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Study identifies brain cells involved in Pavlovian response
(University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences) A UCLA study has traced the Pavlovian response to a small cluster of brain cells -- the same neurons that go awry during Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease and Tourette's syndrome. The research could one day help neuroscientists find new approaches to diagnosing and treating these disorders. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

How birthplace and education influence marriage choices in China
(University of British Columbia) Many people choose their spouse based on shared values and interests. But in China, another important, relatively unknown factor plays a role: hukou, and it may be contributing to growing socioeconomic disparity in the country's largest city, according to a new UBC study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Penn researchers call for better laws covering patient incentives to improve care
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Current federal anti-kickback laws prohibit pharmaceutical companies and providers from bribing patients to seek their goods and services. Unfortunately, the laws also prevent hospitals from offering services that could potentially benefit patients, such as free rides to elderly or disabled patients to help them get to their appointments. In an essay published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers call for a recrafting of these laws to permit more sensible health-promoting initiatives. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

People's romantic choices share characteristics, but for different reasons
(University of California - Davis) The people one dates share many similarities -- both physically and personality-wise -- a new University of California study has found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

People afraid of robots much more likely to fear losing their jobs, suffer anxiety
(Baylor University) 'Technophobes' -- people who fear robots, artificial intelligence and new technology that they don't understand -- are much more likely to be afraid of losing their jobs due to technology and to suffer anxiety-related mental health issues, a Baylor University researcher says. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Alzheimer's disease linked to the metabolism of unsaturated fats, new research finds
(King's College London) A new study published in PLOS Medicine's Special Issue on Dementia has found that the metabolism of omega-3 and omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids in the brain are associated with the progression of Alzheimer's disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Humans and smartphones may fail frequently to detect face morph photos
(University of York) Researchers at the University of York have demonstrated that both humans and smartphones show a degree of error in distinguishing face morph photos from their 'real' faces on fraudulent identity cards. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news