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No religion as a 'new religion'?
(Cluster of Excellence " Religion and Politics ") Renowned sociologist Linda Woodhead assumes Hans Blumenberg Visiting Professorship at the Cluster of Excellence -- Research on the growing number of non-religious people in Europe and the USA -- in a public lecture on May 8: 'Is 'No Religion' the New Religion?' (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Study examines state of social, personality psychology research
(University of Illinois at Chicago) University of Illinois at Chicago researchers conducted two studies to examine the state and quality of social and personality research and how practices have changed, if at all. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

UTA Libraries awarded grant to test maker literacies program
(University of Texas at Arlington) A UTA team will use an Institute of Museum and Library Services grant to identify and collaborate with three pilot sites to test the effectiveness of early-stage maker-based competencies, previously developed by a UTA task force, on undergraduate learning. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

UTA student wins UT System Regents award
(University of Texas at Arlington) UTA senior Frederick Tran won the 2017 Regents' Outstanding Arts and Humanities Award in Creative Writing, Short Fiction. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Expert unravels disease that took the hearing of world-famous painter
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) Francisco Goya is the most important Spanish artist of the late 18th and early 19th century. In 1793, Goya, then 46, came down with a severe, undiagnosed illness. His hearing never returned. Now, a hearing expert has developed a diagnosis. She thinks Goya likely suffered from an autoimmune disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Variations in tuition at public universities have grown, masking the cost of attendance
(New York University) Differences in undergraduate tuition rates by a student's degree program or year of study have become increasingly prevalent over the past 25 years, finds a study by New York University's Steinhardt School, Arizona State University, and the University of Louisville. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

ICCP director Axel Timmermann receives Milutin Milankovic Medal
(Institute for Basic Science) ICCP Director Axel Timmermann receives Milutin Milankovic Medal of the European Geosciences Union (EGU). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

How do babies coordinate gestures and vocalization?
(University of the Basque Country) Asier Romero-Andonegi, Aintzane Etxebarria-Lejarreta, Ainara Romero-Andonegi and Irati de Pablo-Delgado, lecturers and researchers at the UPV/EHU's Faculty of Education in Bilbao, have studied how 9 to 13-month-old babies tackle the shift from early babbling to the use of combinations of gestures and speech. The work The interrelation of gestures and vocalization in early communication functions: Evidence from Basque language has been published in the important linguistics journal Signos. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

MPSA honors 14 research projects at the 75th Annual Conference in Chicago
(Midwest Political Science Association) The Midwest Political Science Association announced fourteen award recipients at its annual MPSA Business Meeting earlier this month at the Palmer House Hilton in Chicago. Awards committees select the winners from among nominations made by chairs, discussants and section heads at the previous year's conference. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

A little support from their online friends calms test-anxious students
(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Reading supportive comments, 'likes' and private messages from social media friends prior to taking a test may help college students who have high levels of test-anxiety significantly reduce their nervousness and improve their scores, a new study by University of Illinois computer science researchers suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Mental Qigong can be just as rewarding as its physical cousin
(Frontiers) New research in Frontiers in Psychology demonstrated through an extensive series of EEG measurements and statistical tests that mental practice of the dynamic Qigong technique Wu Qin Xi has the same effect on EEG brain activity as physical training of Qigong. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Twitter could have predicted the outcome of the Brexit vote
(University of Surrey) Leave campaigners were not only victorious in the June 2016 Brexit vote but also in the battle of the twittersphere, a new study in the British Journal of Politics and International Relations reports. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

The key to long female lives may be heterogeneity
(University of Southern Denmark) In sparrowhawks diversity in frailty and robustness helps females live longer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Bullies and their victims more likely to want plastic surgery
(University of Warwick) 11.5% of bullying victims have extreme desire to have cosmetic surgery, as well as 3.4% of bullies and 8.8% of teenagers who both bully and are bullied -- compared with less than 1% of those who are unaffected by bullying. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Wanting more self-control could hinder our efforts to exert self-control, study finds
(Bar-Ilan University) A new study shows that, ironically, wanting to have more self-control could actually be an obstacle to achieving it. It appears that the mere existence of a desire for self-control undermines one's confidence and brings one to disengage from self-control challenges (regardless of one's actual level of self-control). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

How shifts in excitation-inhibition balance may lead to psychiatric disorders
(Elsevier) In a special issue of Biological Psychiatry titled 'Cortical Excitation-Inhibition Balance and Dysfunction in Psychiatric Disorders', guest editors Dr. Alan Anticevic and Dr. John Murray, both of Yale University, bring together seven reviews that highlight advancements in understanding the balance of excitatory and inhibitory signaling in the brain, and what might happen when it goes awry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Can yoga reduce symptoms of menstrual disorders?
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A systematic review of the published literature on yoga practice and common menstrual disorders found that all of the studies evaluated reported a beneficial effect and reduced symptoms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

National mental-health survey finds widespread ignorance, stigma
(Michigan State University) Less than half of Americans can recognize anxiety. Most people don't know what to do about depression even when they spot it. And nearly 8 in 10 don't recognize prescription drug abuse as a treatable problem. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

New eye test detects earliest signs of glaucoma
(Wellcome Trust) Researchers at University College London (UCL) and the Western Eye Hospital have developed a simple, inexpensive diagnostic tool DARC (Detection of Apoptosing Retinal Cells). In clinical trials it allowed for the first time visualization of individual nerve cell death in patients with glaucoma. Early detection means doctors can start treatments before sight loss begins. Initial clinical trials will be published in BRAIN. Ongoing trials are investigating the potential of the test for other neurodegenerative conditions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

MPSA honors fourteen research projects at the 75th Annual Conference in Chicago
(Midwest Political Science Association) The Midwest Political Science Association announced fourteen award recipients at its annual MPSA Business Meeting earlier this month at the Palmer House Hilton in Chicago. Awards committees select the winners from among nominations made by chairs, discussants and section heads at the previous year's conference. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Legal marijuana stores lead to increases in property crime
(Ohio State University) Legal marijuana shops are linked to higher levels of property crime in nearby areas, according to a nearly three-year study in Denver. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Can early experiences with computers, robots increase STEM interest among young girls?
(University of Washington) Girls start believing they aren't good at math, science and even computers at a young age -- but providing fun STEM activities at school and home may spark interest and inspire confidence. A study from the University of Washington's Institute for Learning& Brain Sciences (I-LABS) finds that, when exposed to a computer-programming activity, 6-year-old girls expressed greater interest in technology and more positive attitudes about their own skills and abilities than girls who didn't try the activity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Staking self-worth on the pursuit of money has negative psychological consequences
(University at Buffalo) Although people living in consumer-based cultures such as the US often believe that they will be happier if they acquire more money, the findings of a newly published paper by a University at Buffalo research team suggest that there may be downsides to this pursuit. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Crime and virtual punishment
(University of Utah) Students from the University of Utah have created a new mobile 'game' for the iPhone and Android devices that demonstrates how software algorithms used by many of the nation's judicial courts to evaluate defendants could be biased like humans. Justice.exe is a free app in which the player chooses the minimum or maximum sentence for a series of convicted criminals, and the software's algorithm eventually tries to predict how the player would punish criminals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Unification could be good for North Korea, RAND report asserts
(RAND Corporation) A new RAND report identifies the likely concerns of North Korean elites about their possible fates under various unification scenarios and recommends actions that the Republic of Korea (ROK), also known as South Korea, could take now to help North Korean elites feel more positive about, or at least less resistant to, unification. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Newly prescribed sleeping pills increase risk of hip fracture
(Cardiff University) Older people newly prescribed sleeping pills like benzodiazepines and 'Z-drugs' have over double the odds of a hip fracture in the first two weeks compared with non-users, according to a new study by researchers at Cardiff University and King's College London. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

The automation of art: A legal conundrum
(Frontiers) Deep Neural Networks are systems that are able to simulate human perception by 'memorizing' complex patterns on a mathematical level. One application for this is in the arts, where these systems are used for their creative potential. As DNN's become more popular, there is the danger of an unchecked proliferation of copyright protections, which risks stifling creativity. In order to prevent this, we should focus on the human element within the complex technological processes that engender automated art. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Rice's John Boles offers new exploration of Founding Father Thomas Jefferson
(Rice University) In a new book spanning more than 640 pages, Rice University's eminent scholar of the American South, John Boles, takes a fresh, nuanced look at one of America's most talented, enigmatic and complex Founding Fathers, Thomas Jefferson. Not since the 1970 book 'Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation' by Boles' mentor Merrill Peterson has a scholar published a comprehensive biography of the third president of the US. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Media portrayal of public shooters can perpetuate stereotypes
(University of Missouri-Columbia) Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Journalism have found that media portrayals of public shooters vary based on the race of the shooter, regardless of the circumstances of the shooting. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Researcher says customized content on political websites hurts democracy
(University at Buffalo) Having it your way on political websites and seeing only the content that aligns with your beliefs is not good for democracy, according to Ivan Dylko, an assistant professor in the University at Buffalo's Department of Communication and an expert in the political effects of communication technology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

System can 3-D print an entire building
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT researchers have developed a system that can 3-D print the basic structure of an entire building. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Teenagers can become disruptive if teachers use psychological pressure
(University of Kent) The study, which was led by Stephen Earl from the University's School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, discovered that psychological pressure from teachers can contribute to disengagement amongst teenage pupils under 14. Active disengagement behaviors include talking and making noise, with daydreaming in class amongst the more passive disengagement behaviors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Serious violence in England and Wales drops 10 percent in 2016
(Cardiff University) The number of people injured in serious violence dropped by 10 percent in 2016 compared to 2015, according to a national report on serious violence published by Cardiff University. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Women with aortic aneurysms fare much worse than men, new study finds
(Imperial College London) Mortality rates for women undergoing surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysms are nearly twice those for men, a new study has found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

More small, clean-energy businesses will tap into Sandia technical expertise
(DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) The Department of Energy has chosen five more small, clean-energy businesses to work with Sandia National Laboratories to speed the commercialization of next-generation technologies and gain a global competitive advantage for the US. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Movie research results: Multitasking overloads the brain
(Aalto University) Previous research shows that multitasking, which means performing several tasks at the same time, reduces productivity by as much as 40%. Now a group of researchers specialising in brain imaging has found that changing tasks too frequently interferes with brain activity. This may explain why the end result is worse than when a person focuses on one task at a time. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Children with reading and spelling difficulties lag behind their peers despite special education
(University of Eastern Finland) The reading skills of children with reading and spelling difficulties (RSD) lag far behind the age level in the first two school years, despite special education received from special education teachers. Furthermore, the spelling skills of children who in addition to RSD had other learning difficulties also lagged behind their peers in the first two school years. The follow-up study was carried out at the University of Eastern Finland. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Decrease in cardiovascular diseases benefits persons with diabetes
(University of Gothenburg) The incidence of cardiovascular diseases in Sweden has decreased sharply since the late 1990s. These are the findings of a study from Sahlgrenska Academy which included almost three million adult Swedes. In relative terms, the biggest winners are persons with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

What the age of your brain says about you
(Springer) Researchers used neuroimages of the brain to identify biomarkers that show how the structures of a person's brain age. Being able to predict someone's brain age could be a valuable tool to help clinicians make timely medical interventions, believes James Cole of Imperial College London in the UK. He is the lead author of a study in Springer Nature's journal Molecular Psychiatry that identified so-called brain-predicted age as a useful biomarker. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Estimating wealth from outer space
(University of Konstanz) Cities and villages illuminated at night are common in wealthy regions such as Europe. This is different in developing countries: Satellite data shows that many dark spots are visible next to illuminated regions. Two political scientists from the University of Konstanz, Professor Nils Weidmann and Dr. Sebastian Schutte, evaluated satellite data of night light emissions and compared them with wealth estimates collected in large surveys. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

How to protect human rights: 40 policy recommendations for the EU
(KU Leuven) Fight people smuggling by offering more options for legal migration to the EU. Stop sending migrants back to regions where their human rights are at stake. These are just a few of the recommendations presented by FRAME, a large-scale research project on the EU and human rights that is coordinated by the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies at KU Leuven (University of Leuven, Belgium). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Emergency care, prescribing, end-of-life care among highlights at #AGS17
(American Geriatrics Society) Potentially inappropriate medications, the future of Advance Care Planning (ACP), and improved emergency care for older adults are among headline presentations anchoring the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting (#AGS17), to be held May 18-20 in San Antonio, Texas. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

75 years of geriatrics expertise on display at 2017 AGS Annual Scientific Meeting
(American Geriatrics Society) More than 2,500 physicians, nurses, pharmacists, physician assistants, social workers, long-term and managed care providers, healthcare administrators, students, and other geriatrics stakeholders will come together for a program built from more than 800 abstract submissions and inclusive of more than 100 events. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Study finds new genetic variants associated with extreme old age
(Boston University Medical Center) The search for the genetic determinants of extreme longevity has been challenging, with the prevalence of centenarians (people older than 100) just one per 5,000 population in developed nations.But a recently published study by Boston University School of Public Health and School of Medicine researchers, which combines four studies of extreme longevity, has identified new rare variants in chromosomes 4 and 7 associated with extreme survival and with reduced risks for cardiovascular and Alzheimer's disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Enzyme treatment reduces alcohol-induced liver damage in mouse models
(Massachusetts General Hospital) Massachusetts General Hospital investigators report that an intestinal enzyme previously shown to keep bacterial toxins from passing from the gastrointestinal system into the bloodstream may be able to prevent or reduce the liver damage caused by excess alcohol consumption. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Cognitive skills differ across cultures and generations
(Association for Psychological Science) An innovative study of children and parents in both Hong Kong and the United Kingdom reveals cultural differences in important cognitive skills among adolescents but not their parents. The results are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Tiffany & Co. Foundation grant to create knowlege-hub on colored gemstones
(University of Delaware) A new grant from The Tiffany& Co. Foundation will enable the University of Delaware's Saleem Ali to create a knowledge-hub on colored gemstones, including signature projects in Madagascar and South Asia focused on miner education and health and safety outreach. The $350,000 grant will also be used to target critical research necessary to surmount challenges facing individuals involved in colored gemstone mining and manufacturing. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Political left, right similarly motivated to avoid rival views
(University of Illinois at Chicago) A new report from social psychologists at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Winnipeg suggests people on both sides of the political aisle are similarly motivated to dismiss monetary enticements in order to distance themselves from hearing or reading opposing ideals and information. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Religious people more likely to oppose reproductive technologies
(Rice University) As new and more effective human reproductive genetic technologies develop, people of faith are more likely to disapprove of these tools than nonreligious people, a new Rice University study found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Study of transgender preschoolers assesses preferences and identity
(Society for Research in Child Development) Gender may be the earliest identity and social category to emerge in development, research suggests, and acquiring knowledge about one's gender is considered a critical part of early childhood development. In one of the first examinations of early gender development among transgender preschoolers, a new study has found that these children were just as likely as nontransgender children to have preferences associated with their gender, and to have as strong and clear a sense of their gender identity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 25, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news