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Mosquito monitoring has limited utility in dengue control, study finds
(PLOS) Cross-sectional surveys of mosquito abundance carried out in the subtropics and tropics are meant to give researchers an indication of the risk of a dengue virus outbreak in any given area. This type of entomological monitoring, however, is not a good proxy for dengue risk, researchers report this week in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Fighting malaria through mathematical analysis of parasite's metabolism
(PLOS) A new mathematical model, based on the deadliest malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, could help develop antimalarials by identifying key metabolic targets, according to a study published in PLOS Computational Biology by Vassily Hatzimanikatis at É cole Polytechnique F é d é rale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, and colleagues. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Most dengue infections transmitted in and around home
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) Transmission of the mosquito-borne dengue virus appears to be largely driven by infections centered in and around the home, with the majority of cases related to one another occurring in people who live less than 200 meters apart, new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of Florida suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Fighting malaria through metabolism
(Ecole Polytechnique F é d é rale de Lausanne) EPFL scientists have fully modeled the metabolism of the deadliest malaria parasite. The model offers unprecedented tools for developing a new generation of antimalarial therapies to overcome drug resistance. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

What does congenital Zika syndrome look like?
(University of California - San Diego) In a new paper, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, along with colleagues in Brazil and Spain, describe the phenotypic spectrum or set of observable characteristics of congenital Zika (ZIKV) syndrome, based upon clinical evaluations and neuroimaging of 83 Brazilian children with presumed or confirmed ZIKV congenital infections. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Most dengue infections transmitted in or near home
(University of Florida) The majority of dengue virus infections appear to happen very close to home and are transmitted from the same family of mosquitoes, suggests new research led by the University of Florida and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists assemble Zika virus mosquito genome from scratch
(Baylor College of Medicine) A team of scientists has developed a new way to sequence genomes, which can assemble the genome of an organism, entirely from scratch, dramatically cheaper and faster. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Immune study in chickens reveals key hurdle for Campylobacter vaccine effort
(University of Liverpool) New University of Liverpool research reveals that the immune response of farmed chickens does not develop fast enough to fight off Campylobacter during their short lifespan. The findings have important implications in the challenge towards developing a poultry vaccine for the bug, which is the UK's leading cause of food poisoning. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Effective one-shot vaccination of newborns moves closer to reality
(Boston Children's Hospital) Newborns are highly vulnerable to infections and don't respond optimally to most vaccines because their young immune systems typically mount weak antibody responses. Now, researchers at Boston Children's Hospital report achieving strong vaccine responses in newborn animals, including monkeys -- the final preclinical model before human trials -- by adding compounds known as adjuvants that boost the immune response. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New low-cost rotavirus vaccine could reduce disease burden in developing countries
(Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) A new vaccine for rotavirus was found to be 66.7 percent effective in preventing severe gastroenteritis caused by the virus, according to a new study from researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Epicentre, Paris. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 22, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Silence is golden -- Suppressing host response to Ebola virus may help to control infection
(Boston University Medical Center) The Ebola virus causes a severe, often fatal illness when it infects the human body. Initially targeting cells of the immune system called macrophages, white blood cells that absorb and clear away pathogens, a new study has found a way to potentially 'silence' these Ebola virus-infected macrophages.The findings, which appear in the Journal of Virology, could lead to new treatment options for Ebola virus disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 22, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

USDA announces $11 million to support antimicrobial resistance research
(National Institute of Food and Agriculture) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $11 million in available funding for projects that mitigate antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a growing public health issue that affects more than 2 million people annually. Funding is made through NIFA's Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

HIV co-infection influences natural selection on M. tuberculosis
(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) While M. tuberculosis has been evolving with humans for thousands of years, HIV co-infections create host immunological environments that this bacterium has not encountered before and could, therefore, be nudging it to evolve new characteristics. Now, an evolutionary analysis of M. tuberculosis full genome sequences from HIV uninfected and HIV co-infected individuals uncovered specific sites within M. tuberculosis genomes where the bacterium may have been compelled to evolve in response to HIV-1 co-infections. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

From Genome Research: Pathogen demonstrates genome flexibility in cystic fibrosis
(Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) Chronic lung infections can be devastating for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and infection by Burkholderia cenocepacia, one of the most common species found in cystic fibrosis patients, is often antibiotic resistant. In a study published today in Genome Research, scientists sequenced and phenotyped multiple B. cenocepacia isolates from 16 CF patients. They found extensive variation among isolates during chronic lung infection as well as changes in clinically relevant bacterial phenotypes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

How prenatal maternal infections may affect genetic factors in Autism spectrum disorder
(University of California - San Diego) In a new study, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, University of Cyprus and Stanford University map the complex biological cascade caused by MIA: the expression of multiple genes involved in autism are turned up or down by MIA, affecting key aspects of prenatal brain development that may increase risk for atypical development later in life. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Interferon drug shows promise in treating Ebola
(University Health Network) A pilot study of a class of drugs used to treat hepatitis and some forms of multiple sclerosis has been shown for the first time to ease symptoms of Ebola patients, while also increasing their survival. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Sussex Drug Discovery Centre & ReViral reach clinical trial with lung virus treatment
(University of Sussex) Sussex Drug Discovery Centre& ReViral reached a clinical trial with a 'game changer' treatment for respiratory syncytial virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Research spotlights early signs of disease using infrared light: New research
(University of Sydney) University of Sydney researchers have used infrared spectroscopy to spotlight changes in tiny cell fragments called microvesicles to probe their role in a model of the body's immunological response to bacterial infection. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Vaccine, improved treatment are keys to control of a surging HIV pandemic
(Oregon State University) Development and widespread use of a vaccine that's even partially effective against HIV, along with more progress toward diagnosis and treatment, offer the best hopes for turning the corner on a global pandemic that's still spiraling out of control, researchers reported today. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

TB/HIV co-infections up 40 percent across Europe over the last five years
(European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)) New data released today by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the WHO Regional Office for Europe ahead of World TB Day show that new tuberculosis (TB) cases and deaths in the 53 countries of the WHO European Region declined each year by 4.3% and 8.5% respectively between 2011 and 2015. However, new TB/HIV co-infections increased by 40% over the same time period. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Primate-parasite network analyses show how germs jump from host to host
(Emory Health Sciences) An extensive review of research on wild primate social networks and parasites underscores the importance of super-spreaders, or central individuals that play an outsized role in transmission of a pathogen. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Microbes evolved to colonize different parts of the human body
(Duke University) Microbes have evolved over millions of years to live in and on all parts of the human body. Duke scientists have created new ways to reconstruct how this evolution unfolded, using mathematical tools originally developed for geologists. They identified microbes that diverged into new species as they colonized one area of the body after another. The research could prompt new theories and treatments to manage our bacterial ecology and improve our personal health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Testing for Zika virus: There's an app for that
(DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) Add rapid, mobile testing for Zika and other viruses to the list of things that smartphone technology is making possible. Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have developed a smartphone-controlled, battery-operated diagnostic device that weighs under a pound, costs as little as $100 and can detect Zika, dengue and chikungunya within 30 minutes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

For female mosquitoes, two sets of odor sensors are better than one
(Vanderbilt University) A team of Vanderbilt biologists has found that the malaria mosquito has a second complete set of odor receptors that are specially tuned to human scents. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 17, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

To kill ticks, target their animal hosts
(Entomological Society of America) An emerging tool in the fight against tick-borne disease, host-targeted bait boxes employ a sneaky trick: turning some of ticks' favorite carriers -- small mammals like mice and chipmunks -- against them. And a new study in Journal of Medical Entomology shows an improved design has made such bait boxes an increasingly viable addition to integrated tick management practices. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

How do Ebola virus proteins released in exosomes affect the immune system?
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) Cells infected by the deadly Ebola virus may release viral proteins such as VP40 packaged in exosomes, which, as new research indicates, can affect immune cells throughout the body impairing their ability to combat the infection and to seek out and destroy hidden virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New center to address antimicrobial drug development challenge
(University of Liverpool) A state-of-the-art research center to help accelerate the development of new antibiotics is set to be established by the University of Liverpool. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zeroing in on the Zika virus
(University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine& Dentistry) Hobman has been announced as one of three Canadian scientists who have received funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) for their teams to study the Zika virus. Hobman's lab has been awarded $500,000 over three years to investigate how the virus changes host cells during infection, with the goal of developing antiviral therapies that can be used against the pathogen. There are currently no antivirals or vaccines available to protect against Zika. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Human antibody for Zika virus promising for treatment, prevention
(Purdue University) Researchers have determined the structure of a human antibody bound to the Zika virus, revealing details about how the antibody interferes with the infection mechanism -- findings that could aid in development of antiviral medications. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Researchers map pathways to protective antibodies for an HIV vaccine
(Duke University Medical Center) A Duke Health-led research team has described both the pathway of HIV protective antibody development and a synthetic HIV outer envelope mimic that has the potential to induce the antibodies with vaccination. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Hepatitis C mutations 'outrun' immune systems, lab study shows
(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Unlike its viral cousins hepatitis A and B, hepatitis C virus (HCV) has eluded the development of a vaccine and infected more than 170 million people worldwide. Now, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine report that a novel laboratory tool that lets them find virus mutations faster and more efficiently than ever before has identified a biological mechanism that appears to play a big role in helping HCV evade both the natural immune system and vaccines. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Overuse of antibiotics brings risks for bees -- and for us
(University of Texas at Austin) Researchers from The University of Texas at Austin have found that honeybees treated with a common antibiotic were half as likely to survive the week after treatment compared with a group of untreated bees, a finding that may have health implications for bees and people alike. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Immune molecule protects against Zika virus infection in animal models
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) A molecule naturally produced by the immune system protects mice and monkeys against Zika virus infection, an international team of researchers has found. Administering the molecule, called 25-hydroxycholesterol or 25HC, to pregnant mice reduced Zika virus infection in the fetal brain and protected against Zika-induced microcephaly. The work was supported in part by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a component of the National Institutes of Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

UTHealth study paves the way for Clostridium difficile treatment in pill form
(University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston) Frozen and freeze-dried products for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) are nearly as effective as fresh product at treating patients with Clostridium difficile (C-diff) infection, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health and Kelsey Research Foundation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Vaccines do work for pandemic flu, says study
(University of Nottingham) Vaccines are successful in preventing pandemic flu and reducing the number of patients hospitalized as a result of the illness, a study led by academics at the University of Nottingham has found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

March/April 2017 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
(American Academy of Family Physicians) This tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary published in the March/April 2017 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Monkeys suppress HIV-like virus for extended period after dual-antibody treatment
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Giving monkeys two powerful anti-HIV antibodies immediately after infection with an HIV-like virus enabled the immune systems of some of the animals to control the virus long after the antibodies were gone, scientists at the National Institutes of Health and The Rockefeller University have found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Atomic map of malaria drug gives it new life
(Imperial College London) Researchers have mapped how the malaria drug mefloquine works, providing a route to make effective alternatives and combat rising drug resistance. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Pre-existing immunity to dengue virus shapes Zika-specific T cell response
(La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology) Although Zika and dengue are considered different virus 'species,' they are so closely related that the immune system treats Zika just like another version of dengue, report researchers at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology. Their latest study, published in the March 13, 2017, advance online edition of Nature Microbiology, shows that pre-existing immunity to dengue virus modulates the magnitude and breadth of the immune system's T cell response to Zika. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Atomic map gives malaria drug new lease on life
(Walter and Eliza Hall Institute) Researchers have for the first time mapped how one of the longest-serving malaria drugs works, opening the possibility of altering its structure to make it more effective and combat increasing malaria drug resistance.The study produced a precise atomic map of the frontline antimalarial drug mefloquine, showing how its structure could be tweaked to make it more effective in killing malaria parasites. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Tick tock: Time to sleep? Sleeping parasite has own internal clock
(Instituto de Medicina Molecular) Researchers from iMM Lisboa have shown that the parasite responsible for sleeping sickness, Trypanosoma brucei, has its own internal clock, which allows it to anticipate daytime alterations of its surrounding environment and become more virulent. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Georgia State researcher Gets $4.1 million federal grant to develop drug to combat Ebola virus
(Georgia State University) Dr. Christopher Basler, a professor in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, director of the university's Center for Microbial Pathogenesis and a Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Microbial Pathogenesis, has received a five-year, $4.1 million federal grant to develop a drug targeting Ebola virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Phage therapy shown to kill drug-resistant superbug
(University of Liverpool) Scientists from the University of Liverpool have shown that phage therapy could offer a safe and effective alternative to antibiotics in the treatment of cystic fibrosis lung infections. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

NASA, ASU collaboration develops 3-D tissue culture models to mimic human gut infections
(Arizona State University) An ASU Biodesign Institute team has reported their latest advancement in 3-D intestinal model development. Their united goal is to develop more realistic models of intestinal tissue to thwart Salmonella, a leading cause of food poisoning and systemic disease worldwide with many varieties causing severe and sometimes fatal infections with an economic impact in the billions of dollars. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 10, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Study shows how H. pylori causes white blood cells to morph
(Veterans Affairs Research Communications) Veterans Affairs researchers and colleagues in Iowa showed in a lab study how neutrophils -- the most prevalent type of white blood cell -- undergo changes when infected by the common pathogen H. pylori. The team is the first to demonstrate such changes in cells isolated from human blood. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists reveal structure of potential leishmaniasis vaccine
(PLOS) Leishmaniasis, caused by the bite of a sand fly carrying a Leishmania parasite, infects around a million people a year around the world. Now, making progress toward a vaccine against the parasitic disease, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have characterized the structure of a protein from sand flies that can convey immunity to Leishmania. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Newly discovered virus affects sex ratio of insect-killing wasps
(PLOS) Scientists have identified a previously unknown virus that decreases the number of female offspring of the wasps it infects, according to a PLOS Pathogens study. The virus, discovered by Gongyin Ye's group of Zhejiang University, infects one species of a specific group of wasps known as parasitoid wasps. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Researchers sound alarm over Zika's potentially harmful heart effects
(American College of Cardiology) As the Zika virus continues to spread globally, new evidence has emerged about the virus's potentially detrimental effects on the heart, according to data scheduled for presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

GW researchers develop test to study potency for neglected tropical disease vaccine
(George Washington University) Researchers at the George Washington University have developed a way to test recombinant vaccines for their ability to stay effective after years of storage. Their research was published this week in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Researchers hone in on when, where Zika virus attacks
(Oregon Health& Science University) The Zika virus attacks tissues in the nervous system, male and female reproductive and urinary tracts, muscles, joints and lymph nodes, and persists for at least 35 days, according to a study conducted in a nonhuman primate model by a multidisciplinary team of researchers at OHSU in Portland, Oregon. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news