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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 6.

A preliminary assessment of the LMA protector ™ in non-paralysed patients
The LMA Protector ™ is the latest CE marked single use supraglottic airway device. This airway device provides access and functional separation of the respiratory and digestive tracts. There are two ports (male... (Source: BMC Anesthesiology)
Source: BMC Anesthesiology - February 20, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ban Leong Sng, Farida Binte Ithnin, Deepak Mathur, Eileen Lew, Nian-Lin Reena Han and Alex Tiong-Heng Sia Source Type: research

Non-invasive ventilation for cystic fibrosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Non-invasive ventilation may be a useful adjunct to other airway clearance techniques, particularly in people with cystic fibrosis who have difficulty expectorating sputum. Non-invasive ventilation, used in addition to oxygen, may improve gas exchange during sleep to a greater extent than oxygen therapy alone in moderate to severe disease. The effect of NIV on exercise is unclear. These benefits of non-invasive ventilation have largely been demonstrated in single treatment sessions with small numbers of participants. The impact of this therapy on pulmonary exacerbations and disease progression remain unclear. ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - February 20, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Moran F, Bradley JM, Piper AJ Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Acinetobacter halotolerans sp. nov., a novel halotolerant, alkalitolerant, and hydrocarbon degrading bacterium, isolated from soil.
Abstract A novel aerobic, non-motile, halotolerant, alkalitolerant, hydrocarbon degrading, and rod shaped bacterium, designated strain R160(T), was isolated from soil in South Korea. Cells were Gram-staining-negative, catalase-positive, and oxidase-negative. This strain grew up to 7% of NaCl and in the pH range of 6-11 (optimum 7.0-10.0). The isolate degraded 51.7 ± 1.3% of hydrocarbon components (C-18, C-20, and C-22) and 45.8 ± 1.4% oil components (kerosene, diesel, and gasoline). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16 S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain R160(T) formed a lineage within the genus Aci...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - February 20, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Dahal RH, Chaudhary DK, Kim J Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research

The new neuromuscular disease related with defects in the ASC-1 complex: report of a second case confirms ASCC1 involvement.
Abstract Next-generation sequencing technology aided the identification of the underlying genetic cause in a female newborn with a severe neuromuscular disorder. The patient presented generalized hypotonia, congenital bone fractures, lack of spontaneous movements and poor respiratory effort. She died within the first days of life. Karyotyping and screening for several genes related with neuromuscular diseases all tested negative. A male sibling was subsequently born with the same clinical presentation. Whole-exome sequencing was performed with variant filtering assuming a recessive disease model. Analysis focused ...
Source: Clinical Genetics - February 20, 2017 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Oliveira J, Martins M, Leite RP, Sousa M, Santos R Tags: Clin Genet Source Type: research

Flow mixing during peripheral veno-arterial extra corporeal membrane oxygenation - a simulation study
This study aims to quantify the relationship between ECMO support level and location of the mixing zone (MZ) of the ECMO and LV flows. (Source: Journal of Biomechanics)
Source: Journal of Biomechanics - February 20, 2017 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: M.C. Stevens, F.M. Callaghan, P. Forrest, P.G. Bannon, S.M. Grieve Source Type: research

Prediction of pediatric sepsis mortality within 1  h of intensive care admission
ConclusionsWe observed mortality patterns specific to pediatric sepsis that support the need for specialized definitions of sepsis severity in children. We demonstrated the importance of lactate, cardiovascular, and respiratory derangements at ICU admission for the identification of children with substantially higher risk of sepsis mortality. (Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - February 20, 2017 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Effects of neuromuscular blockers on transpulmonary pressures in moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome
(Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - February 20, 2017 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Pulmonary mucormycosis: clinical features and outcomes
ConclusionsPulmonary mucormycosis is an opportunistic angioinvasive fungal infection. Physicians must have a high level of suspicion in immunocompromised patients with fever and respiratory symptoms refractory to antibiotics. A low threshold should be had for performing an invasive procedure to gain reliable diagnosis, as early, aggressive medical and surgical interventions are needed for successful treatment. (Source: Infection)
Source: Infection - February 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

PD-L1 expression and CD8+ infiltration shows heterogeneity in Juvenile Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis
Tumor immunotherapy have broadened therapeutic options for tumor treatment. The role of immune function in juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JRRP) has not been investigated. Applying immunoblockade inhibitors as a novel disease treatment is unclear. Our study, for the first time, evaluates immune infiltration and immuno-suppressive molecule expression in JRRP. Our study provides insights in possibly treating this disease with tumor immunotherapies. We aimed to determine expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), a cancer escape protein, and presence of CD8+ T cell infiltration in tumor microenvironment. ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - February 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tingyu Liu, Max Greenberg, Carissa Wentland, Brandon Sepe, Sarah Bowe, Gillian Diercks, Tiffany Huynh, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Richard Schlegel, David Kodack, Cyril Benes, Jeffrey Engelman, Christopher Hartnick Source Type: research

Resuscitation with Intact Placental Circulation in a Preterm Infant with Hydrops Fetalis
AJP Rep 2017; 07: e28-e30 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1598200A preterm infant with prenatal diagnosis of hydrops fetalis was spontaneously delivered at 30 weeks of gestational age in a tertiary level hospital. Prenatal echography pointed out severe bilateral pleural effusions and diffused subcutaneous edema. A neonatologist team, alerted at the expulsion stage of labor, assisted the neonate immediately after birth and bilateral hydrothorax was drained with intact placental circulation to avoid a nonrespiratory period and its possible detrimental hemodynamic effects. The newborn was well stabilized in the delivery room before cutti...
Source: American Journal of Perinatology Reports - February 20, 2017 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Pratesi, Simone Corsini, Iuri Coviello, Caterina Perugi, Silvia Dani, Carlo Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial, and anti-inflammatory evaluation of Cnidoscolus chayamansa (Mc Vaugh) extract and the isolated compounds
Publication date: May 2017 Source:Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Volume 89 Author(s): Mariana Z. Pérez-González, Gabriel A. Gutiérrez-Rebolledo, Lilián Yépez-Mulia, Irma S. Rojas-Tomé, Julieta Luna-Herrera, María A. Jiménez-Arellanes Cnidoscolus chayamansa is a medicinal and edible plant known as Chaya, is commonly used as an anti-inflammatory, antiprotozoal, antibacterial agent and as a remedy for respiratory illness, gastrointestinal disorders, and vaginal infections related with the inflammation process. In this paper, we describe the plant’s phytochemical analysis and biological activities (antimycob...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - February 20, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Protective effect of HwangRyunHaeDok-Tang water extract against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease induced by cigarette smoke and lipopolysaccharide in a mouse model
Conclusion This study showed that HRWE can attenuate respiratory inflammation caused by CS and LPS exposure. Therefore, HRWE has potential for treating airway inflammatory disease. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - February 20, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Erratum to: Scaling up strategies of the chronic respiratory disease programme of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (Action Plan B3: Area 5)
(Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy)
Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy - February 20, 2017 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Simultaneous detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome, Middle East respiratory syndrome, and related bat coronaviruses by real-time reverse transcription PCR
AbstractSince severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronaviruses (CoVs) share similar characteristics with respect to clinical signs, etiology, and transmission, methods for a rapid and accurate differential diagnosis are important. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a duplex real-time reverse transcription (RT)-PCR method for the simultaneous detection of these viruses. Primers and probes that target the conserved spike S2 region of human SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and their related bat CoVs were designed. The results of real-time RT-PCR showed specific reactions for e...
Source: Archives of Virology - February 20, 2017 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Homeobox, Wnt, and Fibroblast Growth Factor Signaling is Augmented During Alveogenesis in Mice Lacking Superoxide Dismutase 3, Extracellular
AbstractSuperoxide dismutase 3, extracellular (SOD3) polymorphisms have been implicated in reduced pulmonary function development and altered risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We previously reported that gene-targetedSod3−/− mice have impaired lung function and humanSOD3 variants are associated with reduced pulmonary function in children. Reduced lung SOD3 levels were reported in mice with lower lung function with the greatest difference occurring during alveogenesis phase [postnatal (P) days 14 –28]. Interactions between homeobox (HOX), wingless-type MMTV integration site member (WNT), and fibroblast g...
Source: Lung - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Tobacco point-of-sale advertising in downtown Buenos Aires, Argentina and compliance with the new tobacco advertising restrictions
Background Despite increased awareness of the health threat posed by tobacco use, Latin America continues to experience high smoking rates. Argentina is no exception, where an estimated 22.1% of adults were smokers in 2012.1 Prior to 2011, few limitations were placed on the advertisement of tobacco products in Argentina, and any restrictions were largely self-imposed by the tobacco companies.2 On 14 June 2011, Argentina enacted the ‘National Law of Tobacco Control: Law 26.687’. This law provides 42 articles that address tobacco advertising, packaging, product composition, sale/distribution, secondhand smoke, an...
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Minter, D. J., Mejia, R., Salas, I., Thrasher, J., Perez-Stable, E. J. Tags: Research letter Source Type: research

Contemporary impact of tobacco use on periodontal disease in the USA
Introduction Periodontal disease (PD) is a common chronic disease that can be expensive to treat, and when untreated, can inflict significant morbidity and tooth loss. Growing evidence also links PD to higher risks of cancer, cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. Cigarette smoking has been estimated to cause 8 million cases of PD in the USA or more than half of the 15 million cases of PD.1 However, these estimates are based on data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), conducted from 1988 to 1994. The prevalence of PD was underestimated in this survey because a partial mouth examina...
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vogtmann, E., Graubard, B., Loftfield, E., Chaturvedi, A., Dye, B. A., Abnet, C. C., Freedman, N. D. Tags: Research letter Source Type: research

TrendBlendz: how Splitarillos use marijuana flavours to promote cigarillo use
Trendsettah, Inc. is a cigar and cigarillo-producing company whose brands include Splitarillos cigarillos, Hood Wraps cigars, Blow vaporisers, Vsmoke e-liquids, as well as other brands.1 Trendsettah connects with its consumers through live entertainment, social media and experiential promotion, and is highly active on such social media sites as Twitter and Instagram.1 In addition it uses ‘most popular personalities in entertainment, sports, fashion and style,’ such as rappers Jadakiss, Boosie, and Chris Brown as spokespeople for its tobacco products.1 As part of the ‘experiential promotion’ the comp...
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kostygina, G., Huang, J., Emery, S. Tags: Ad watch Source Type: research

Cigarette couponing goes mobile
Smartphone use has rapidly increased, and by 2020, there will be an estimated 6.1 billion Internet-enabled mobile phone users worldwide.1 This phenomenon has created new opportunities for the public health and medical communities, which have used smartphones to collect health information, conduct surveillance and promote behaviour changes, such as smoking cessation.2–4 The popularity of smartphones has also attracted leading American cigarette manufacturers Altria and Reynolds American, who have begun offering digital cigarette coupons redeemable using smartphones. Altria has introduced the MHQ App, which offers two ...
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Seidenberg, A. B., Jo, C. L. Tags: Industry watch Source Type: research

Electronic cigarette marketing tactics in mainland China
China produces 41% and consumes >38% of the world's cigarettes.1 It is also a global production and export centre of the electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) industry. Around 95% of the world's e-cigarettes are manufactured in China, mainly in the southeastern metropolis of Shenzhen,2 but the market share of e-cigarettes is tiny within the country.2 According to the most recent data of the International Tobacco Control Survey, only 2% of adult current or former smokers in China had ever used e-cigarettes in 2009.3 However, e-cigarette use has become increasingly popular, particularly among young people.4 The large smoker ...
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jiang, N., Ho, S. Y., Lam, T. H. Tags: Industry watch Source Type: research

Campaigns and counter campaigns: reactions on Twitter to e-cigarette education
Conclusions Findings showed the time dynamics of Twitter and the possibility for real-time monitoring of education campaigns. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Allem, J.-P., Escobedo, P., Chu, K.-H., Soto, D. W., Cruz, T. B., Unger, J. B. Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

Index of tobacco control sustainability (ITCS): a tool to measure the sustainability of national tobacco control programmes
Conclusions The 31 indicators were agreed to be ‘critical’ or ‘important’ factors for tobacco control sustainability. The Index comprises the weighted indicators as a tool to identify aspects of national tobacco control programmes requiring further development to augment their sustainability and to measure and compare progress over time. The next step is to apply the ITCS and produce tobacco control sustainability assessments. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jackson-Morris, A., Latif, E. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Effects of a worksite tobacco control intervention in India: the Mumbai worksite tobacco control study, a cluster-randomised trial
Conclusions These findings demonstrate the potential impact of a tobacco control intervention that combined tobacco control and health protection programming within Indian manufacturing worksites. Trial registration number NCT01841879. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sorensen, G., Pednekar, M., Cordeira, L. S., Pawar, P., Nagler, E. M., Stoddard, A. M., Kim, H.-Y., Gupta, P. C. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Snus undermines quit attempts but not abstinence: a randomised clinical trial among US smokers
Conclusions Provision of snus in a naturalistic context resulted in minimal uptake, and as a whole, undermined quit attempts and did not increase smoking abstinence. Results do not support the unguided, free provision of snus among smokers not motivated to quit as a means to facilitate quit attempts. Trial registration number NCT01509586, Results. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Carpenter, M. J., Wahlquist, A. E., Burris, J. L., Gray, K. M., Garrett-Mayer, E., Cummings, K. M., Alberg, A. J. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Smoking status and subjective well-being
Conclusions In sum, we find no empirical support for the proposition that ex-smokers suffer lower net SWB compared to when they were smoking. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Weinhold, D., Chaloupka, F. J. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Randomised controlled trial evaluation of Tweet2Quit: a social network quit-smoking intervention
Conclusions Tweet2Quit was engaging and doubled sustained abstinence. Its low cost and scalability makes it viable as a global cessation treatment. Trial registration number NCT01602536. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pechmann, C., Delucchi, K., Lakon, C. M., Prochaska, J. J. Tags: Open access Research paper Source Type: research

Retailer licensing and tobacco display compliance: are some retailers more likely to flout regulations?
Conclusions Some tobacco retailers did not list their business details with the government as required, even though there was no financial cost to do so. Unlisted retailers were more likely to violate in-store regulations. The results suggest licensing schemes can be useful for providing a list of retailers, thus facilitating enforcement, but require a system to search for, and respond to, unlisted/unlicensed retailers. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fry, R., Burton, S., Williams, K., Walsberger, S., Tang, A., Chapman, K., Egger, S. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Mining social media data for opinion polarities about electronic cigarettes
Conclusions The organic—against tweets raised public awareness of potential health risks and could aid in preventing non-smokers, adolescents and young adults from using e-cigarettes. Opinion polarities about e-cigarettes from social networks could be highly influential to the general public, especially youth. Further educational campaigns should include measuring their effectiveness. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Dai, H., Hao, J. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Graphic warning labels and the demand for cigarettes
Conclusions These findings support the view that the GWLs proposed by FDA would have curbed cigarette consumption in the USA in an appreciable way. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Starr, M. A., Drake, K. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Who stops selling? A systematic analysis of ex-tobacco retailers
Conclusions Few retailers stop selling tobacco while continuing in the same business, and those who stop disproportionately represent retailer types with low sales volume. The results suggest that legislative changes provide a window where retailers could be prompted to exit the market. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Feletto, E., Burton, S., Williams, K., Fry, R., Sutton, C., Bagus, L., Egger, S. Tags: Editor's choice Research paper Source Type: research

Combustible cigarettes cost less to use than e-cigarettes: global evidence and tax policy implications
Discussion Existing prices of e-cigarettes are generally much higher than of combustible cigarettes. If policymakers wish to tax e-cigarettes less than combustibles, forceful policy action—almost certainly through excise taxation—must raise the price of combustible cigarettes beyond the price of using e-cigarettes. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Liber, A. C., Drope, J. M., Stoklosa, M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Phantom smoking among young adult bar patrons
Conclusions This research extends phantom smoking literature on college students to provide a broader picture of phantom smoking among young adults in high-risk contexts and of varying levels of educational attainment. Phantom smokers may be particularly sensitive to social pressures against smoking, suggesting the importance of identifying smoking as a behaviour (rather than identity) in cessation messaging to ensure that phantom smokers are reached. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Guillory, J., Lisha, N., Lee, Y. O., Ling, P. M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Correlation between tobacco control policies, consumption of rolled tobacco and e-cigarettes, and intention to quit conventional tobacco, in Europe
Conclusions The level of smoke-free legislation among European countries is correlated with a decrease in the prevalence of smoking of conventional cigarettes and an increase in the intent to quit smoking within the past 12 months. However, the consumption of other tobacco products, particularly hand-rolled tobacco, is positively correlated with TCS among former cigarette smokers. Therefore, tobacco control policies should also consider other tobacco products, such as rolling tobacco, cigars and pipes. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lidon-Moyano, C., Martin-Sanchez, J. C., Saliba, P., Graffelman, J., Martinez-Sanchez, J. M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Impact on smoking of England's 2012 partial tobacco point of sale display ban: a repeated cross-sectional national study
Conclusions The partial tobacco PoS display ban introduced in England in April 2012 did not lead to an immediate decline in smoking, but was followed by a decline in the trend of smoking prevalence that could not be accounted for by seasonal factors, e-cigarette use or price changes. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kuipers, M. A. G., Beard, E., Hitchman, S. C., Brown, J., Stronks, K., Kunst, A. E., McNeill, A., West, R. Tags: Open access Research paper Source Type: research

Has Boston's 2011 cigar packaging and pricing regulation reduced availability of single-flavoured cigars popular with youth?
Conclusions Retailers throughout Boston are in compliance with the regulation. The regulation has been effective in reducing levels and disparities in availability of flavoured single cigars popular with youth across Boston neighbourhoods, regardless of socioeconomic status and racial/ethnic composition. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Li, W., Gouveia, T., Sbarra, C., Harding, N., Kane, K., Hayes, R., Reid, M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Reasons for Electronic Nicotine Delivery System use and smoking abstinence at 6 months: a descriptive study of callers to employer and health plan-sponsored quitlines
Conclusions ENDS users not using ENDS to quit smoking were less successful at quitting at 6-month follow-up compared with callers using ENDS to quit smoking and callers who did not use ENDS at programme registration. Incorporating reasons for ENDS use may be important for future studies examining the role of ENDS in tobacco cessation. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vickerman, K. A., Schauer, G. L., Malarcher, A. M., Zhang, L., Mowery, P., Nash, C. M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Worldwide news and comment
World: GTNF, COp7...& unlikely praise for russian communists Figure 1 Russia Stalin e-cig Figure 1A campaign poster for the Russian communist party. The slogan reads "Comrades, transform yourself!" It’s a strange world when the Russian communist party is praised for its embrace of e-cigarettes, as it was by GTNF 2016 host Patrick Basham. Photo source: https://www.rt.com/viral/346003-lenin-stalin-communist-russia/. The December 2016 edition of the tobacco industry trade publication Tobacco Reporter provided a fascinating insight into the alternative universe of the tobacco industry and its acolytes. Published...
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hefler, M. Tags: News analysis Source Type: research

Blog fog? Using rapid response to advance science and promote debate
As editors of Tobacco Control we are always pleased to see readers thinking critically about what they read in this journal and using the ‘Rapid Response’ forum to engage in constructive academic debate. However, the growing use of personal blogs to criticise published articles has led us to reflect on appropriate ways of engaging in such debate and how we as editors should respond to comments made outside the ‘Rapid Response’ forum. This editorial summarises these reflections and clarifies our policy on postpublication discussion of research articles. Tobacco Control provides a valuable forum ...
Source: Tobacco Control - February 20, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: OConnor, R., Gartner, C., Henriksen, L., Hill, S., Barnoya, J., Cohen, J., Malone, R. E. Tags: Open access Editorial Source Type: research

Endoscopic removal of multiple sharp gastro-duodenal foreign bodies.
Authors: Costa S, Gonçalves R, Rolanda C Abstract A 45 years old female,with bipolar disorder,was brought to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain. The patient was hemodynamically stable,with no signs of respiratory distress. On abdominal examination she had pain in the upper quadrants,without peritoneal irritation. The successful endoscopic removal decreases if delayed approach, beyond 12 h, and sharp objects. Moreover in case of sharp objects, even if already into the stomach or duodenum, they should be retrieved endoscopically if it can be accomplished safely, because the risk of a complication during it...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - February 19, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research

Monitoring Hospitalized Adult Patients for Opioid-Induced Sedation and Respiratory Depression.
Abstract : Opioid analgesics are commonly administered to hospitalized patients to treat acute pain, but these drugs put patients at risk for serious adverse events, such as unintended advancing sedation, respiratory depression, and death. Nurses play an important role in keeping patients safe by making clinical decisions about the frequency and intensity with which patients receiving IV and epidural opioids should be monitored. To make sound clinical judgments, nurses must be aware of the factors that place patients at elevated risk for adverse opioid-related effects and know how to screen and assess patients for...
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - February 19, 2017 Category: Nursing Authors: Jungquist CR, Smith K, Nicely KL, Polomano RC Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research

[Importance of the emotional dimension when providing information to patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome].
CONCLUSIONS: To promote adaptation to positive airway pressure in early care, combining different emotional tones is preferable, mixing both fear and reassurance. PMID: 28209420 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires)
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - February 19, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

[Reducing smoking by half in COPD patients: Does it reduce FEV1 decline?]
Authors: Peiffer G, Perriot J, Underner M PMID: 28209421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires)
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - February 19, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

[The role of spirometry in encouraging smoking cessation in general practice. A pilot study using "lung age"].
CONCLUSION: This study suggests that spirometry in general practice, combined with the determination of the lung age, may increase motivation towards smoking cessation in smokers who lack motivation. PMID: 28209422 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires)
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - February 19, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

Development of electrochemical biosensor for detection of pathogenic microorganism in Asian dust events.
Abstract We developed a single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)-based electrochemical biosensor for the detection of Bacillus subtilis, one of the microorganisms observed in Asian dust events, which causes respiratory diseases such as asthma and pneumonia. SWCNTs plays the role of a transducer in biological antigen/antibody reaction for the electrical signal while 1-pyrenebutanoic acid succinimidyl ester (1-PBSE) and ant-B. subtilis were performed as a chemical linker and an acceptor, respectively, for the adhesion of target microorganism in the developed biosensor. The detection range (10(2)-10(10) CFU/mL) and ...
Source: Chemosphere - February 19, 2017 Category: Chemistry Authors: Yoo MS, Shin M, Kim Y, Jang M, Choi YE, Park SJ, Choi J, Lee J, Park C Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research

Circulating cathelicidin LL-37 in adult patients with pulmonary infectious diseases.
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that cathelicidin LL-37 is an important element of host defense in the course of bacterial diseases within the respiratory tract, particularly when the infection is caused by an intracellular pathogen. PMID: 28218580 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical and Investigative Medicine)
Source: Clinical and Investigative Medicine - February 19, 2017 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Majewski K, Żelechowska P, Brzezińska-Błaszczyk E Tags: Clin Invest Med Source Type: research

Heterogeneity of obesity-asthma association disentangled by latent class analysis, the SAPALDIA cohort
Although evidence for the heterogeneity of asthma accumulated, consensus for definitions of asthma phenotypes is still lacking. Obesity may have heterogeneous effects on various asthma phenotypes. We aimed to distinguish asthma phenotypes by latent class analysis and to investigate their associations with different obesity parameters in adults using a population-based Swiss cohort (SAPALDIA).We applied latent class analysis to 959 self-reported asthmatics using information on disease activity, atopy, and age of onset. (Source: Respiratory Medicine)
Source: Respiratory Medicine - February 19, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ayoung Jeong, Medea Imboden, Sofie Hansen, Elisabeth Zemp, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Gianfranco Lovison, Christian Schindler, Nicole Probst-Hensch Source Type: research

High fatality rates and associated factors in two hospital outbreaks of MERS in Daejeon, the Republic of Korea
To explore the epidemiological and clinical factors predictive of the case fatality rate (CFR) of Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in an outbreak in Daejeon, the Republic of Korea. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - February 19, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hae-Sung Nam, Jung Wan Park, Moran Ki, Mi-Yeon Yeon, Jin Kim, Seung Woo Kim Source Type: research

The Role of Heated Humidified High-flow Nasal Cannula as Noninvasive Respiratory Support in Neonates
Recently, heated humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) has been introduced and applied as a noninvasive respiratory support in neonates. Although HHHFNC is widely used in neonates presenting with respiratory distress, the efficiency and safety when compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation are still controversial. This review aims to evaluate the performance and applications of HHHFNC in neonates. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - February 19, 2017 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ke-Yun Chao, Yi-Ling Chen, Li-Yi Tsai, Yu-Hsuan Chien, Shu-Chi Mu Tags: Review article Source Type: research

News
(Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis)
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - February 19, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Cause of death in patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer in Sweden: a population-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer are more likely to die from this cancer than from other causes. However, these patients also face considerable risk of death from other cancers, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and respiratory diseases. These common causes of death should be taken into consideration in esophageal cancer management. PMID: 28206958 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Oncotarget)
Source: Oncotarget - February 18, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research