Chiral-phase resolution of sesquilignans from raspberries (Rubus idaeus L.) and their neuroprotective effects.
Abstract Two pairs of diastereoisomers (1/2 and 3/4) were isolated from the fruits of Rubus idaeus L. (Rosaceae). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses. Then chiral-phase HPLC resolution gave 1a/1b-4a/4b. Their absolute configurations were determined by comparison of the experimental ECD with the calculated data. Moreover, all isolated compounds were investigated for the neuroprotective effects against H2O2-induced neurotoxicity in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, and 2a (66.04%) exhibited moderate neuroprotective effects, better than trolox (60.54%) at the concentrati...
Source: Fitoterapia - June 2, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Lu LW, Le-Zhou, Hou ZL, Jie-Wang, Yao GD, Lin B, Huang XX, Song SJ Tags: Fitoterapia Source Type: research

Recovery of high-content ω–3 fatty acid oil from raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) seeds: Chemical composition and functional quality
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Boško Marić, Branimir Pavlić, Dušica Čolović, Biljana Abramović, Zoran Zeković, Marija Bodroža-Solarov, Nebojša Ilić, Nemanja Teslić (Source: LWT Food Science and Technology)
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - May 28, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Antifungal edible coatings containing Argentinian propolis extract and their application in raspberries
Publication date: Available online 28 April 2020Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): María Alejandra Moreno, Ana María Vallejo, Ana-Rosa Ballester, Catiana Zampini, María Inés Isla, Amparo López-Rubio, María José Fabra (Source: Food Hydrocolloids)
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - April 29, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Synthesis of the character impact compound raspberry ketone and additional flavoring phenylbutanoids of biotechnological interest with Corynebacterium glutamicum
The phenylbutanoid 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)butan-2-one, commonly known as raspberry ketone, is responsible for the typical scent and flavor of ripe raspberries. Chemical production of nature-identical raspberry ket... (Source: Microbial Cell Factories)
Source: Microbial Cell Factories - April 21, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lars Milke, Mario Mutz and Jan Marienhagen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effect of agricultural practices, conventional vs organic, on the phytochemical composition of ‘Kweli’ and ‘Tulameen’ raspberries (Rubus idaeus L.)
Publication date: Available online 15 April 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Rosário Anjos, Fernanda Cosme, Andreia Gonçalves, Fernando M. Nunes, Alice Vilela, Teresa Pinto (Source: Food Chemistry)
Source: Food Chemistry - April 16, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Genomic Investigation of the Strawberry Pathogen Phytophthora fragariae Indicates Pathogenicity Is Associated With Transcriptional Variation in Three Key Races
The oomycete Phytophthora fragariae is a highly destructive pathogen of cultivated strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa), causing the root rotting disease, “red core”. The host-pathogen interaction has a well described gene-for-gene resistance relationship, but to date neither candidate avirulence nor resistance genes have been identified. We sequenced a set of American, Canadian, and United Kingdom isolates of known race type, along with three representatives of the closely related pathogen of the raspberry (Rubus idaeus), P. rubi, and found a clear population structure, with a high degree of nucleotide diver...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 15, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Quantitative assessment of microbial quality and safety risk: A preliminary case study of strengthening raspberry supply system in Chile
The objectives of this study were to 1) identify along the raspberry supply chain the most influential factors of E. coli and HAV contamination in the final products; and 2) evaluate the efficacies of possible interventions to control these influential factors. To achieve these objectives, a unified quantitative model of microbial contamination in raspberries was developed to describe the impact of factors in a continuum from the farm to the destination of importation on E. coli/HAV contamination in fresh and frozen raspberry products. Multiple surveys were conducted to obtain country-specific data on current common practi...
Source: Food Control - February 19, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Functionalisation of flaxseed proteins assisted by ultrasonication to produce coatings enriched with raspberries phytochemicals
This study was dedicated to the functionalisation of flaxseed proteins by ultrasonication to produce coatings enriched with flaxseed proteins and raspberry phytochemicals. High frequency (850 kHz) ultrasound (US) was used for the texturization of flaxseed proteins at 50 °C temperature. The functional properties of proteins (emulsifying, foaming, and gelling) significantly (p 
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - February 19, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Influence of Diet ‐Induced Obesity on the Bioavailability and Metabolism of Raspberry Ketone (4‐(4‐Hydroxyphenyl)‐2‐Butanone) in Mice
ConclusionsRK was highly bioavailable, rapidly metabolized, and exhibited significantly different pharmacokinetic behaviors between obese and control mice. Lipid ‐rich tissues, especially WAT, could be a direct target of RK.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research)
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - February 13, 2020 Category: Food Science Authors: Danyue Zhao, Bo Yuan, Dushyant Kshatriya, Andrew Polyak, James E. Simon, Nicholas T. Bello, Qingli Wu Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Effect of temperature on stability of anthocyanins, ascorbic acid and color in strawberry and raspberry jams
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Berit Karoline Martinsen, Kjersti Aaby, Grete SkredeAbstractStrawberry (cv. Senga Sengana) and raspberry (cv. Veten) were processed into jams at 60, 85 or 93 °C and stored at 4 or 23 °C for 8 and 16 weeks. High processing temperature reduced ascorbic acid, total monomeric anthocyanins (TMA) and total phenolics (TP) in strawberries (p42%) and TP (>69%). Storage temperature affected stability of anthocyanins, but had minor effect on ascorbic acid, which declined rapidly independent of storage temperature. Storage temperature also ex...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 30, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The nutritional value and vitamin C content of different raspberry cultivars from organic and conventional production
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Alicja Ponder, Ewelina HallmannAbstractRaspberry fruit is a source of vitamin C. Vitamin C has antioxidant properties and can neutralize the negative effects of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the content of vitamin C, sugars and organic acids in organic vs. conventional raspberries and to determine the effects of harvest time and cultivar on the contents of these compounds. The experiment was carried out in 2013–2014. Fruits from four raspberry cultivars ('Laszka', 'Glen Ample...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - January 24, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

A comparison of the absorption and metabolism of the major quercetin in brassica, quercetin-3-O-sophoroside, to that of quercetin aglycone, in rats
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Yanling Wang, Mark A. Berhow, Molly Black, Elizabeth H. JefferyAbstractAlthough flavonoid sophorosides are common glycosides in brassica vegetables, red raspberries and other food plants, there is a lack of studies of absorption and metabolism of any sophoroside. The aim of this study was to characterize the absorption, phase II metabolism and microbial catabolism of quercetin-3-O-sophoroside, compared to that of quercetin aglycone. Quercetin-3-O-sophoroside was purified from Apocynum venetum and characterized by MS2, 1H and 13C NMR. Using a...
Source: Food Chemistry - November 11, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Control Effects of Bacillus siamensis G-3 Volatile Compounds on Raspberry Postharvest Diseases Caused by Botrytis cinerea and Rhizopus stolonifer
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2019Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): Xiaoyu Zhang, Zhenfeng Gao, Xinxian Zhang, Wenbin Bai, Lixin Zhang, Hongbin Pei, Yongjie ZhangAbstractPost-harvest diseases of raspberries affect their storage and subsequently the ability to provide consumers with fresh products. The antifungal activity of microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) against both pre and postharvest diseases has previously been demonstrated, but the control of raspberry postharvest diseases caused by Botrytis cinerea and Rhizopus stolonifer using MVOCs has not been extensively studied. We have thus inve...
Source: Biological Control - November 3, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the QuEChERS and magnetic micro dispersive solid-phase extraction of brominated flame retardants in red fruits with determination by GC/MS
Publication date: Available online 31 October 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Virgínia Cruz Fernandes, Maria Freitas, João G. Pacheco, Valentina Fernandes Domingues, Cristina Delerue-MatosAbstractA sample preparation method, QuEChERS extraction combined with a magnetic micro dispersive solid phase extraction (MµdSPE), was optimized and evaluated for the trace analysis of 9 brominated flame retardants in red fruit samples (strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries) using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Magnetic nanomaterials were used as sorbents providing an extraction of the target compound...
Source: Food Chemistry - November 1, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effect of Raspberry Ketone on Normal, Obese and Health-Compromised Obese Mice: A Preliminary Study.
This study suggests that higher doses of RK may cause adverse effects in health compromised conditions. Under these conditions, prolonged use of RK, especially in high doses, may pose a health hazard. PMID: 31603036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dietary Supplements)
Source: Journal of Dietary Supplements - October 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Diet Suppl Source Type: research

Microbial Safety of Dairy Manure Fertilizer Application in Raspberry Production
Dairy manure, a by-product in the dairy industry, is also a potential source of nutrients for crops. However, improper application of biological soil amendments of animal origin can be a source of contamination with enteric foodborne pathogens. A 2-year field study was conducted to evaluate impacts of dairy manure fertilizer application on the microbial safety of red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L) production. Fertilizers, including a standard synthetic fertilizer (CON), straight lagoon raw manure (SL), anaerobically digested liquid effluent (DLE), compost (COM) and dairy manure-derived refined fertilizers including ammonium su...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - October 2, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

A novel multiplex real-time PCR for the detection of Echinococcus multilocularis, Toxoplasma gondii, and Cyclospora cayetanensis on berries
In conclusion, evaluation of the present method showed that the newly developed multiplex qPCR is highly specific, precise, and robust method that has potential for application in food-testing laboratories.Graphical abstract (Source: Food Research International)
Source: Food Research International - September 23, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) fruit extract decreases oxidation markers, improves lipid metabolism and reduces adipose tissue inflammation in hypertrophied 3T3-L1 adipocytes
In this study, we investigated the ability of raspberry fruit extract (RBE) to mitigate adipose tissue dysfunction using hypertrophied 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The obtained results showed that RBE decreased intracellular ROS generation in hypertrophied adipocytes by enhancing expression of antioxidant defense enzymes SOD, catalase, and GPx, and inhibiting an oxidant enzyme NADPH oxidase 4. Moreover, RBE reduced lipid accumulation accompanied by increased lipid mobilization. RBE significantly inhibited LPL, aP2, FAS and PLIN mRNA expression, and enhanced the expression of HSL. Furthermore, RBE exhibited a high anti-inflammatory p...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - September 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

What do we know about raspberry leaf?
Background: Midwives and women have been using raspberry leaf (Rubus idaeus) to help birth since at least the 6th Century. Recent surveys tell us that raspberry leaf use is still prevalent all over the world. Research from Melbourne identified that over a third of Australian women are taking herbal supplements to help their birth, with the most common being Raspberry Leaf. While there is a long history of anecdotal use, women are taking Raspberry Leaf in their pregnancy without any clinical evidence for efficacy or safety. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - September 1, 2019 Category: Midwifery Authors: Rebekah Bowman, Deborah Davis, Sally Ferguson, Jan Taylor Tags: O57 Source Type: research

Red raspberry extract (Rubus idaeus L shrub) intake ameliorates hyperlipidemia in HFD-induced mice through PPAR signaling pathway.
Abstract Effects of red raspberry extract (RRE) intake on hyperlipidemia mice induced by high-fat diet (HFD) were investigated in this study. After intragastric gavage of RRE for 8 weeks, the body weight and the adipose tissue mass of mice in RRE administration groups significantly (p 
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - August 28, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Tu L, Sun H, Tang M, Zhao J, Zhang Z, Sun X, He S Tags: Food Chem Toxicol Source Type: research

A New Protocol for Molecular Detection of Cyclospora cayetanensis as Contaminants of Berry Fruits
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a coccidian parasite that has been associated with foodborne outbreaks of gastrointestinal illnesses. Raspberries have been implicated as vehicle of infection in some of these outbreaks. Most of the molecular techniques used for the detection of parasites commonly use the 18s rRNA as a target gene, which is highly conserved. The conserved nature of 18s rRNA gene among coccidia means that there is potential for cross-reactivity from primers intended to target this gene in C. cayetanensis with the same gene in related coccidia. This provides an additional challenge in developing a specific detectio...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - August 27, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Viability RT-qPCR to detect potentially infectious enteric viruses on heat-processed berries
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2019Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Jiayin Chen, Xiyang Wu, Gloria Sánchez, Walter RandazzoAbstractBerries have frequently been cited as causing gastroenteritis and acute hepatitis outbreaks due to enteric virus contamination, including human norovirus and hepatitis A virus (HAV). Model experiments were performed to evaluate the potential use of viability RT-qPCR to assess the thermal inactivation of norovirus genotype I (GI), GII, and HAV on raspberries, blueberries and strawberries. Initially, two viability markers, platinum chloride and propidium monoazide (PMAxx™...
Source: Food Control - August 20, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effects of Black Raspberries and Their Constituents on Rat Prostate Carcinogenesis and Human Prostate Cancer Cell Growth In Vitro
. (Source: Nutrition and Cancer)
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - August 12, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Jillian N. Eskra Alaina Dodge Michael J. Schlicht Maarten C. Bosland Source Type: research

Effects of Black Raspberries and Their Constituents on Rat Prostate Carcinogenesis and Human Prostate Cancer Cell Growth In Vitro.
Abstract Prostate cancer patients often use dietary supplements, such as black raspberries, which are a rich source of compounds with antioxidant and anticancer activity, particularly on gastrointestinal cancers. Feeding black raspberries inhibited mammary cancer induction in rats and growth of cancer cells in nude mice, indicating systemic bioavailability of bioactive compounds. We tested whether feeding black raspberries and its constituents would inhibit prostate cancer development. However, we did not find preventive effects in two rat prostate carcinogenesis models, even though the berry anthocyanin metabolit...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - August 12, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Eskra JN, Dodge A, Schlicht MJ, Bosland MC Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research

Effects of Black Raspberries and Their Constituents on Rat Prostate Carcinogenesis and Human Prostate Cancer Cell Growth In Vitro
. (Source: Nutrition and Cancer)
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - August 12, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Jillian N. Eskra Alaina Dodge Michael J. Schlicht Maarten C. Bosland Source Type: research

The effects of organic and conventional farm management and harvest time on the polyphenol content in different raspberry cultivars
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Alicja Ponder, Ewelina HallmannAbstractRaspberry fruits are a perfect source of polyphenols, including flavonols, anthocyanins. Some experiments have indicated that organic fruits contain more bioactive compounds than conventional fruits. The aim of this study was therefore to analyse and compare the concentration of bioactive compounds in organic vs. conventional raspberries and to determine the effects of harvest time and cultivar. Three cultivars of raspberry (‘Laszka’, ‘Glen Ample’ and ‘Glen Fine’) that w...
Source: Food Chemistry - July 30, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Nutritional and bioactive value of Rubus berries
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Food BioscienceAuthor(s): Mayara Schulz, Josiane Freitas ChimAbstractRubus L. (Rosaceae) berries have received worldwide attention, mainly for their nutritional and bioactive value. The raspberries and blackberries of this genus contain nutrients and bioactive compounds such as vitamins, minerals, proteins, sugars, and polyphenols. This review summarizes available data on the physical-chemical characteristics, nutritional composition, biologically active compounds, and biological activities of Rubus raspberries (Rubus idaeus L., R. ellipticus Smith, R. niveus Thunb., R...
Source: Food Bioscience - July 18, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Impact of ozonation process on the level of selected oxidative stress markers in raspberries stored at room temperature
Publication date: 15 November 2019Source: Food Chemistry, Volume 298Author(s): Tomasz Piechowiak, Maciej BalawejderAbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of ozonation process on the level of oxidative stress markers in raspberries stored at room temperature. Raspberry fruit was ozonated with an ozone concentration of 8–10 ppm for 30 min, every 12 h, for 72 h of storage at room temperature. Research showed that ozonated raspberries were characterized by higher activity of superoxide dismutase, ascorbate peroxidase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. In turn, the ability to generate supero...
Source: Food Chemistry - June 29, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Seeing versus knowing: The temporal dynamics of real and implied colour processing in the human brain
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Lina Teichmann, Tijl Grootswagers, Thomas Carlson, Anina N. RichAbstractColour is a defining feature of many objects, playing a crucial role in our ability to rapidly recognise things in the world around us and make categorical distinctions. For example, colour is a useful cue when distinguishing lemons from limes or blackberries from raspberries. That means our representation of many objects includes key colour-related information. The question addressed here is whether the neural representation activated by knowing that something is red is the sa...
Source: NeuroImage - June 27, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Effect of hydrocolloid addition and microwave-assisted freeze drying on the characteristics of foamed raspberry puree
This study compares the characteristics of foamed raspberry puree dried via microwave-assisted freeze drying and conventional freeze drying. The effect of potato protein (PP) (as a foaming agent), maltodextrin (MD) (as a foam stabilizer), and microwave power on the product characteristics was investigated. The puree contained 18%–20% higher content of anthocyanins and ascorbic acid than unprocessed raspberries. The retention of ascorbic acid and anthocyanins increased with increasing concentrations of MD and PP. Both drying methods resulted in 66%–81% retention of ascorbic acid and 53%–84% retention of to...
Source: Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies - June 24, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Dietary administration of black raspberries modulates arsenic biotransformation and reduces urinary 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine in mice.
Abstract Arsenic in drinking water is a worldwide public health problem due to its pathogenic induction of oxidative stress in various organ systems. Phytochemicals present in polyphenolic-rich fruits such as black raspberries (BRBs) have diverse health benefits, including antioxidation and modulation of enzymes in xenobiotic metabolism. We used a mouse model combined with a standardized BRB-rich diet to investigate the impact of BRB consumption on arsenic biotransformation. We observed a significant reduction of urinary 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) together with elevated levels of methylation and urinary exc...
Source: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - June 20, 2019 Category: Toxicology Authors: Tu P, Xue J, Bian X, Chi L, Gao B, Leng J, Ru H, Knobloch TJ, Weghorst CM, Lu K Tags: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol Source Type: research

Virucidal activity of gamma radiation on strawberries and raspberries.
The objective of this study was to estimate the inactivation of enteric virus by gamma radiation in raw berry fruits, in order to evaluate the potential of this technology to be applied as a disinfection treatment. Fresh strawberries and raspberries were inoculated either individually with murine norovirus type 1 (MuNoV; as a human norovirus surrogate) and human adenovirus type 5 (HAdV) or with a viral pool of both viruses, and irradiated in a Co-60 equipment at doses of 1 kGy up to 11 kGy. The infectivity of viral particles of MuNoV and HAdV was assessed by plaque assay using Raw 264.7 and A549 cells, respectively. A ...
Source: International Journal of Food Microbiology - June 4, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Pimenta AI, Margaça FMA, Cabo Verde S Tags: Int J Food Microbiol Source Type: research

Patagonian berries as native food and medicine
ConclusionsPatagonian berries are a relevant source of bioactive compounds with several health promoting properties. The long tradition of use and the interest of the population for their consumption has led to the development of some of this fruits as new potential crops.The ethnobotanical evidence shows a shared knowledge among the different indigenous communities on plant uses according to the local resources, and an integration of the ancient knowledge into the contemporary society. Other species are being investigated to get a more complete picture of the food and medicinal plants from Patagonia.Graphical abstract (So...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - May 31, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Behavioral evidence for contextual olfactory ‐mediated avoidance of the ubiquitous phytopathogen Botrytis cinerea by Drosophila suzukii
In this study adults ofDrosophila suzukii Matsumura, an invasive larval frugivore, showed reduced attraction to the odor of raspberry fruit, a food tissue, when infected withBotrytis cinerea Pers., a ubiquitous phytopathogen, in favor of odors of uninfected raspberry fruit. Moreover,D. suzukii oviposited fewer eggs on infected raspberry fruit relative to uninfected raspberry fruit. Larval survival and adult size after eclosion were significantly reduced when reared onB. cinerea ‐infected raspberry relative to uninfected fruit. Interestingly, when the behavioral choice experiment was repeated usingBotrytis ‐infected vs....
Source: Insect Science - May 27, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Dong H. Cha, Stephen P. Hesler, Gabrielle Brind'Amour, Karen S. Wentworth, Sara Villani, Kerik D. Cox, Matthew T. Boucher, Anna Wallingford, Shinyoung K. Park, Jan Nyrop, Gregory M. Loeb Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Isolation of enantiomeric furolactones and furofurans from Rubus idaeus L. with neuroprotective activities
Publication date: August 2019Source: Phytochemistry, Volume 164Author(s): Le Zhou, Feng-Ying Han, Li-Wei Lu, Guo-Dong Yao, Ying-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Bo Wang, Bin Lin, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Shao-Jiang SongAbstractA phytochemical study on the fruits of Rubus idaeus L. (Rosaceae) yielded eight pairs of enantiomeric lignans, including one undescribed furolactone named (−)-idaeusinol A and six undescribed furofuran derivatives named (+/−)-idaeusinol B–D. The structures of these isolated compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and a combination of computational techniques including gauge-independent atomic o...
Source: Phytochemistry - May 22, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Behavioral evidence for contextual olfactory ‐mediated avoidance of the ubiquitous phytopathogen Botrytis cinerea by Drosophila suzukii
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Insect Science)
Source: Insect Science - May 14, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Dong H. Cha, Stephen P. Hesler, Gabrielle Brind'Amour, Karen S. Wentworth, Sara Villani, Kerik D. Cox, Matthew T. Boucher, Anna Wallingford, Shinyoung K. Park, Jan Nyrop, Gregory M. Loeb Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Glycaemic regulation, appetite and ex vivo oxidative stress in young adults following consumption of high-carbohydrate cereal bars fortified with polyphenol-rich berries.
Abstract Consumption of certain berries appears to slow postprandial glucose absorption, attributable to polyphenols, which may benefit exercise and cognition, reduce appetite and/or oxidative stress. This randomised, crossover, placebo-controlled study determined whether polyphenol-rich fruits added to carbohydrate-based foods produce a dose-dependent moderation of postprandial glycaemic, glucoregulatory hormone, appetite and ex vivo oxidative stress responses. Twenty participants (eighteen males/two females; 24 (sd 5) years; BMI: 27 (sd 3) kg/m2) consumed one of five cereal bars (approximately 88 % carbohydrate)...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - May 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Smith TJ, Karl JP, Wilson MA, Whitney CC, Barrett A, Farhadi NF, Chen CO, Montain SJ Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Cyclosporiasis Surveillance - United States, 2011-2015.
Abstract PROBLEM/CONDITION: Cyclosporiasis is an intestinal illness caused by the parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis, which is transmissible by ingestion of fecally contaminated food or water. Cyclosporiasis is most common in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In the United States, foodborne outbreaks of cyclosporiasis have been linked to various types of imported fresh produce (e.g., basil, raspberries, and snow peas). Validated molecular typing tools, which could facilitate detection and investigation of outbreaks, are not yet available for C. cayetanensis. PERIOD COVERED: 2011-2015. DESCRIPT...
Source: MMWR Surveill Summ - April 19, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Casillas SM, Hall RL, Herwaldt BL Tags: MMWR Surveill Summ Source Type: research

Polyphenols: Immunomodulatory and Therapeutic Implication in Colorectal Cancer
Conclusions The current review reports recent epidemiological and experimental data supporting the bright future of dietary polyphenols as chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anticancer agents in CRC (Figure 1). The polyphenol-rich diet not only may represent a chemopreventive treatment but also has important function on immune system by promoting symbiont and commensal bacterial populations, increases reciprocal interaction between host and microbiota which in turn have important effects on immune function Evidence underlines the use of polyphenols as sensitizers of chemo/radiotherapies paving the w...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - April 11, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Preventive Effects by Black Raspberries of Endometrial Carcinoma Initiation and Promotion Induced by a High ‐Fat Diet
ConclusionBRBs are preventive in HF ‐mediated uterine tumorigenesis because they suppress cell growth and plasma leptin and E2 levels.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research)
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - April 5, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Yi ‐Wen Huang, Jo‐Hsin Chen, Janet S. Rader, Irene Aguilera‐Barrantes, Li‐Shu Wang Tags: Food & Function Source Type: research

Evaluation of Steady-State Gaseous Chlorine Dioxide Treatment for the Inactivation of Tulane virus on Berry Fruits
AbstractThe effectiveness of steady-state levels of gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO2) against Tulane virus (TV), a human norovirus surrogate, on berries was determined. The generated ClO2 was maintained at 1  mg/L inside a 269 L glove box to treat two 50 g batches of blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries, and two 100 g batches of strawberries that were immersion coated with TV. The standardized/normalized treatment concentrations of ClO2 ranging from 0.63 to 4.40  ppm-h/g berry were evaluated. When compared to untreated TV contaminated berries, log reductions of TV were in excess of 2.9 log PFU/...
Source: Food and Environmental Virology - April 4, 2019 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Extended direct lysis method for virus detection on berries including droplet digital RT-PCR or real time RT-PCR with reduced influence from inhibitors.
Abstract Detection of viruses on berries is a challenging task, often hampered by the presence of RT-qPCR inhibiting substances from berry juice. A direct extraction method for virus detection (murine norovirus and GA phage) on frozen raspberries was previously published. We expanded (different types of berries and viruses) and improved the method using MobiSpin S400 columns that filter nucleic acids based on size-exclusion chromatography. While no inhibition was detected in filtered RNA, unfiltered RNA needed from 1:2 to more than 1:8 dilution in order to remove inhibition. The modified method gave recoveries of ...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - April 3, 2019 Category: Virology Authors: Sun B, Bosch A, Myrmel M Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 1200: Alternative Molecular-Based Diagnostic Methods of Plant Pathogenic Fungi Affecting Berry Crops —A Review
Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 1200: Alternative Molecular-Based Diagnostic Methods of Plant Pathogenic Fungi Affecting Berry Crops—A Review Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules24071200 Authors: Dominika Malarczyk Jacek Panek Magdalena Frąc Increasing consumer awareness of potentially harmful pesticides used in conventional agriculture has prompted organic farming to become notably more prevalent in recent decades. Central European countries are some of the most important producers of blueberries, raspberries and strawberries in the world and organic cultivation methods for these fruits have a significant market ...
Source: Molecules - March 27, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Dominika Malarczyk Jacek Panek Magdalena Fr ąc Tags: Review Source Type: research

Dietary Black Raspberries Impact the Colonic Microbiome and Phytochemical Metabolites in Mice
ConclusionThis study highlights the complex interactions between dietary phytochemicals, the host microbiome, and metabolism. It is demonstrated that microbially produced phytochemical metabolites are present in the colon and systemic circulation where they may exert biological activity. (Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research)
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - March 7, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Junnan Gu, Jennifer M. Thomas ‐Ahner, Kenneth M. Riedl, Michael T. Bailey, Yael Vodovotz, Steven J. Schwartz, Steven K. Clinton Tags: Food & Function Source Type: research

Raspberries Improve Postprandial Glucose and Acute and Chronic Inflammation in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
Conclusions: Thus, dietary raspberries, which are low in calories and high in polyphenols and other nutrients may lower postprandial hyperglycemia and inflammation, and in general exert selected anti-inflammatory effects in adults with diabetes. These findings deserve further investigation.Ann Nutr Metab 2019;74:165 –174 (Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Black Raspberries Impact the Colonic Microbiome and Phytochemical Metabolites in Mice
ConclusionThis study highlights the complex interactions between dietary phytochemicals, the host microbiome, and metabolism. We demonstrate that microbially ‐produced phytochemical metabolites are present in the colon and systemic circulation where they may exert biological activity.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research)
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - February 14, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Junnan Gu, Jennifer M. Thomas ‐Ahner, Kenneth M. Riedl, Michael T. Bailey, Yael Vodovotz, Steven J. Schwartz, Steven K. Clinton Tags: Food & Function Source Type: research

Attenuation of Postmeal Metabolic Indices with Red Raspberries in Individuals at Risk for Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that red raspberries aid in postmeal glycemic control in individuals with PreDM-IR, reducing glycemic burden with less insulin, which may be related to improved tissue insulin sensitivity. PMID: 30767409 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - February 14, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Xiao D, Zhu L, Edirisinghe I, Fareed J, Brailovsky Y, Burton-Freeman B Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Do children's food choices go with the crowd? Effects of majority and minority peer cues shown within an audiovisual cartoon on children's healthy food choice
ConclusionsThis study has provided some indications into how healthy food presentations within an audiovisual stimulus can influence children's food choice. Prompting children's healthy eating behaviors by presenting healthy foods in media content is not as easy as prompting unhealthy food choices by presenting unhealthy foods. Children's natural preference for fruit is attenuated by peer cues shown in media when a peer is in a minority. Overall, content producers should be aware of the risks of minority peer cues. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

On the use of carrageenan matrices for the development of antiviral edible coatings of interest in berries
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2019Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Irene Falcó, Walter Randazzo, Gloria Sánchez, Amparo López-Rubio, María José FabraAbstractDifferent film-forming dispersions (FFD) based on κ−, ι− and λ− carrageenans and green tea extract (GTE) have been developed as an innovative strategy to guarantee the food safety of blueberries and raspberries. First, the FFD were characterized (surface tension and viscosity) and the physicochemical properties (water vapour permeability-WVP-, water sorption, contact angle, mecha...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - January 25, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Prevalence of Norovirus in produce sold at retail in the United Kingdom.
Abstract To acquire data on contamination with Norovirus in berry fruit and salad vegetables in the United Kingdom, one thousand one hundred and fifty two samples of fresh produce sold at retail in the UK were analysed for Norovirus. Of 568 samples of lettuce, 30 (5.3%) were Norovirus-positive. Most (24/30) lettuce samples which tested positive for Norovirus were grown in the UK and 19 of those 24 samples contained NoV GI. Seven/310 (2.3%) samples of fresh raspberries were Norovirus-positive. Most (6/7) of the positively-testing fresh raspberry samples were imported, but no predominance of a genogroup, or any seas...
Source: Food Microbiology - January 11, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Cook N, Williams L, D'Agostino M Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research