Comparison of Aspergillus Section Nigri Species Populations in Conventional and Organic Raisin Vineyards.
Abstract Species belonging to Aspergillus section Nigri are widespread in the vineyard environment, both in soil and on plant surfaces. We used plate counts and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) methods to compare populations of the four most prevalent species (A. carbonarius, A. niger, A. welwitschiae, and A. tubingensis) over two consecutive years in conventional and organic vineyards, to determine whether management affects the potential distribution of mycotoxigenic Aspergillus species. In 2016, plate counts showed that soil populations of total filamentous fungi and of Aspergillus section Nigri species were not sig...
Source: Current Microbiology - May 9, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Palumbo JD, O'Keeffe TL, Quejarro BJ, Yu A, Zhao A Tags: Curr Microbiol Source Type: research

Impact of Parkinson's disease on the efficiency of masticatory cycles: Electromyographic analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that Parkinson's disease interferes in the electromyographic activity of the masticatory cycles by reducing muscular efficiency. PMID: 31012437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal)
Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal - April 24, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal Source Type: research

Temperate Prophages Increase Bacterial Adhesin Expression and Virulence in an Experimental Model of Endocarditis Due to Staphylococcus aureus From the CC398 Lineage
This study identified prophages as mediators of bacterial virulence in a model of infectious endocarditis, probably through promotion of interaction with extracellular matrix components. Further studies are needed to identify mechanisms leading to promotion of intrinsic virulence. Introduction Challenges related to Staphylococcus aureus infections in the human and veterinary clinics mobilized important human and technical resources. S. aureus can colonize 20–30% of the general population asymptomatically but is also capable of causing a wide spectrum of diseases ranging from benign infections, to particularly...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 24, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Dietary raisin intake has limited effect on gut microbiota composition in adult volunteers
Dried fruits, such as raisins, contain phytochemicals and dietary fibers that contribute to maintaining health, potentially at least partially through modification in gut microbiota composition and activities.... (Source: Nutrition Journal)
Source: Nutrition Journal - March 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Akemi T. Wijayabahu, Sheldon G. Waugh, Maria Ukhanova and Volker Mai Tags: Research Source Type: research

Fabrication of novel casein gel with controlled release property via acidification, spray drying and tableting approach
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Songwen Tan, Koentadi Hadinoto, Amirali Ebrahimi, Timothy LangrishAbstractIn this work, casein has been acidified at a pH of 1.0, forming a shampoo/lotion-like gel. It has been further processed by spray drying and tableting for controlled-release applications. The engineered casein gel shows higher moisture contents and lower Tg/dehydration temperatures compared with the non-gelled casein, based on the DSC and FTIR analysis. Casein is sensitive to thermal exposure (DSC), and no significant change in the casein was o...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - February 11, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

A risk assessment of dietary exposure to Ochratoxin A for the Polish population
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Ilona Hajok, Anna Kowalska, Agata Piekut, Małgorzata Ćwieląg-DrabekAbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the content of ochratoxin A (OTA) using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in selected food products, in the aspect of consumer health hazards. In the study 473 samples of food products, available on the Silesia market in Poland, were analyzed. For the determination of ochratoxin A in food, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection was used. Almost 22% of the samples were contaminated...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 23, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Post-storage changes of volatile compounds in air- and sun-dried raisins with different packaging materials using HS-SPME with GC/MS
Publication date: Available online 9 January 2019Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Hafiz Umer Javed, Dong Wang, Guang-Feng Wu, Qari Muhammad Kaleem, Chang-Qing Duan, Ying ShiAbstractFree- and bound-form volatiles in sun-dried raisins (SDRs) and air-dried raisins (ADRs) of ‘Thompson Seedless’ were analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC/MS) for 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of storage. The compounds originating from glycosidically bound (GB) volatiles were significantly more abundant in bound-form than their free-form. A total of 89 and 88 free-form compounds were identified in ADRs a...
Source: Food Research International - January 10, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Fenitrothion sensing with reduced graphene oxide decorated fumed silica nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode
In this study, a nanocomposite was prepared via reducing graphene oxide on fumed silica (FS) surface to develop a modified electrode for the determination of fenitrothion (FNT). Reduced graphene oxide (RGO) decorated FS (FS@RGO) was used to modify glassy carbon (GC) electrode. The modified electrode decreased the overpotential of FNT (80 mV) and increased prominently the reduction peak current of FNT (9 times). Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy analyses revealed that the FS@RGO nanocomposite was successfully synthesized. The presence of FS on FS@RGO struc...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - December 30, 2018 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Numerical simulation of lubricated DLC-coated point contacts under infinite sliding conditions
This article examines the influence of low thermal inertia coatings, such as diamond-like carbon coatings, on the lubrication of point contacts operating under zero entrainment velocity conditions. Stationary thermal elasto-hydrodynamic simulations are performed to analyze modifications to the thermal viscosity wedge mechanism induced by the presence of such coatings. Three configurations, namely a steel-steel contact, a DLC coated steel-DLC coated steel contact and a steel-DLC coated steel contact, are investigated. For each configuration, temperature, pressure and film thickness profiles are presented in order to discuss...
Source: Tribology International - December 24, 2018 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Association between dietary patterns and cardiovascular risk factors in a selected population of Lower Silesia (PURE Study Poland).
CONCLUSIONS: Dietary patterns identified in this study were differently related to selected anthropometric and biochemical risk factors for CVD. 'Fruit, vegetables & dairy' DP was favourably associated with the biochemical and anthropometric CVD risk factors, and was characterized by higher nutritional value in comparison with 'traditional' and 'fat & sugar' DPs. PMID: 30586977 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM)
Source: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM - December 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Czekajło A, Różańska D, Zatońska K, Szuba A, Regulska-Ilow B Tags: Ann Agric Environ Med Source Type: research

Influence of microbial communities on the chemical and sensory features of Falanghina sweet passito wines
Publication date: Available online 19 November 2018Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Francesca De Filippis, Maria Aponte, Paola Piombino, Maria Tiziana Lisanti, Luigi Moio, Danilo Ercolini, Giuseppe BlaiottaAbstractNatural (N) as well as starter inoculated (S, inoculated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae M3–5; CZS, Candida zemplinina T13, Zygosaccharomyces bailii NS113 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae M3–5) fermentations of Falanghina must from dehydrated grape were monitored. Culture dependent analyses and amplicon-based high-throughput sequencing targeting 18S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes were used to monitor ...
Source: Food Research International - November 21, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 2907: Variety Identification of Raisins Using Near-Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging
o Yong He Different varieties of raisins have different nutritional properties and vary in commercial value. An identification method of raisin varieties using hyperspectral imaging was explored. Hyperspectral images of two different varieties of raisins (Wuhebai and Xiangfei) at spectral range of 874–1734 nm were acquired, and each variety contained three grades. Pixel-wise spectra were extracted and preprocessed by wavelet transform and standard normal variate, and object-wise spectra (sample average spectra) were calculated. Principal component analysis (PCA) and independent component analysis (ICA) ...
Source: Molecules - November 8, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Lei Feng Susu Zhu Chu Zhang Yidan Bao Pan Gao Yong He Tags: Article Source Type: research

Food aversion learning based on voluntary running in non-deprived rats: a technique for establishing aversive conditioning with minimized discomfort.
This article presents an experimental preparation for establishing conditioned food aversion (CFA) by voluntary wheel running in rats with laboratory chow and water freely available. In Experiment 1, unfamiliar food (raisins) was avoided by rats when they first encountered it. This neophobic food avoidance was habituated by repeated tests; the rats gradually increased their raisin consumption. However, the consumption remained suppressed in rats that accessed the raisins after wheel running. This finding implies that running yielded CFA, which suppressed consumption of the unfamiliar food rather than increasing it. Because...
Source: Experimental Animals - October 6, 2018 Category: Research Tags: Exp Anim Source Type: research

Controlled release of caffeine from tablets of spray-dried casein gels
Publication date: March 2019Source: Food Hydrocolloids, Volume 88Author(s): Songwen Tan, Amirali Ebrahimi, Timothy LangrishAbstractThe controlled release of caffeine from the casein gel tablets has been achieved over release periods lasting from a few minutes to over a few days. A novel casein gel has been acidified at pH of 1.0 as the insoluble controlled-release matrix and spray-dried with coffee for microencapsulation. The optimal inlet temperature of spray drying for the casein-coffee mixtures has been found to be 150 °C. The elastic casein-coffee tablets have been engineered without denaturing the components (as...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - October 5, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Raisin Processing: Physicochemical, Nutritional and Microbiological Quality Characteristics as Affected by Drying Process
. (Source: Food Reviews International)
Source: Food Reviews International - September 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ramla Khiari Hass ène Zemni Daoued Mihoubi Source Type: research

Stevia and Benefiber Combination is an Effective Sugar Replacer in Cookies
To measure the effectiveness of a stevia and Benefiber combination as a sugar replacer in oatmeal raisin cookies. (Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association)
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - August 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Bukolt, N. Ramirez, A. Saenz, K. Mirza, S. Bhaduri, K. Navder Tags: Monday, October 22 Source Type: research

Renoprotective effect of red grape (Vitis vinifera L.) juice and dark raisins against hypercholesterolemia-induced tubular renal affection in albino rats.
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted the importance of supplementation of red grape and raisins in protection against the harmful effects induced by deposition of fat on the renal tubules structure and function. PMID: 30106463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 16, 2018 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Effect of the pre-treatment and the drying process on the phenolic composition of raisins produced with a seedless Brazilian grape cultivar
Publication date: Available online 3 August 2018Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Carolina Olivati, Yara Paula de Oliveira Nishiyama, Reginaldo Teodoro de Souza, Natália Soares Janzantti, Maria Aparecida Mauro, Eleni Gomes, Isidro Hermosín Gutiérrez, Roberto da Silva, Ellen Silva Lago VanzelaAbstractThe grape is an important fruit regarding economic and health benefit parameters, because of its large consumption around the world and their bioactive phenolic compounds. The drying process of BRS Morena grapes, whether pre-treated or not with olive oil for producing raisins, resulted in qualit...
Source: Food Research International - August 4, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Impact of resveratrol on exercise performance: A review
ConclusionThese facts allow us to assume that resveratrol could be used regularly as a dietary supplement for athletes of many disciplines, especially endurance ones.RésuméIntroductionLe resvératrol (3, 5, 40-trihydroxystilbène), est un polyphénol, trouvé dans les raisins, les noix et le vin rouge. Il appartient au groupe de substances supposées expliquer le « paradoxe français », c’est à dire la moindre mortalité cardiovasculaire malgré une alimentation riche en graisses.Synthèse des faitsNotre revue fait le poi...
Source: Science and Sports - July 11, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Anti-Inflammatory, Antiapoptotic and Proproliferative Effects of Vitis vinifera Seed Ethanolic Extract in the Liver of Streptozotocin-Nicotinamide-Induced Type 2 Diabetes in Male Rats
ConclusionsThe anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and pro-proliferative effects of VVSEE could account for its hepatoprotective actions in diabetes.RésuméObjectifsIl a été établi que la consommation de pépins de raisin de l‘espèce Vitis vinifera améliore la pathologie du foie lors de diabète sucré. Toutefois, on ignore les mécanismes à l'origine de ses effets. Dans la présente étude, les effets anti-inflammatoires, anti-apoptotiques et pro-prolifératifs de l'extrait éthanolique des pépins de raisin de...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - July 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Impact of resveratrol on exercise performance: A review
ConclusionThese facts allow us to assume that resveratrol could be used regularly as a dietary supplement for athletes of many disciplines, especially endurance ones.RésuméIntroductionLe resvératrol (3, 5, 40-trihydroxystilbène), est un polyphénol, trouvé dans les raisins, les noix et le vin rouge. Il appartient au groupe de substances supposées expliquer le « paradoxe français », c’est à dire la moindre mortalité cardiovasculaire malgré une alimentation riche en graisses.Synthèse des faitsNotre revue fait le poi...
Source: Science and Sports - July 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Anti-Inflammatory, Antiapoptotic and Proproliferative Effects of Vitis vinifera Seed Ethanolic Extract in the Liver of Streptozotocin-Nicotinamide-Induced Type 2 Diabetes in Male Rats
ConclusionsThe anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and pro-proliferative effects of VVSEE could account for its hepatoprotective actions in diabetes.RésuméObjectifsIl a été établi que la consommation de pépins de raisin de l‘espèce Vitis vinifera améliore la pathologie du foie lors de diabète sucré. Toutefois, on ignore les mécanismes à l'origine de ses effets. Dans la présente étude, les effets anti-inflammatoires, anti-apoptotiques et pro-prolifératifs de l'extrait éthanolique des pépins de raisin de...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - July 5, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effect of Breast Cancer Treatment on the Stomatognathic System.
Regalo SCH Abstract Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women in the world and provides functional changes in the human body. Evaluate women submitted to unilateral mastectomy, through electromyographic activity (mandibular rest, right and left laterality, protrusion, maximum voluntary contraction with and without Parafilm, habitual and non-habitual mastication) and thickness (rest and maximum voluntary contraction) of the right temporal muscle (RT), left temporal (LT), right masseter (RM) and left masseter (LM), also the molar bite force (right and left) and compare the data with healthy women. Mat...
Source: Braz Dent J - July 1, 2018 Category: Dentistry Authors: Esposto DS, Palinkas M, Gonçalves LMN, Vasconcelos PB, Ferreira VTK, Guirro ECO, Siéssere S, Regalo SCH Tags: Braz Dent J Source Type: research

Determination of Inorganic Arsenic in Grape Products Using HPLC-ICP-MS.
Abstract The inorganic arsenic (i-As) in grape products, in particular juice, wine and raisins, collected from the Japanese market was investigated. The concentrations of total As in nine grape concentrated juices ranged from 3 to 20 ng g-1, and more than 80% of the As was inorganic according to the results of speciation by HPLC-ICP-MS. Among them, four samples contained more than 10 ng g-1 of i-As, although 10 ng g-1 of i-As is the limit for apple juice recommended by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Moreover, more than 10 ng g-1 of i-As was found in some of the wine and raisin samples, with the total As co...
Source: Analytical Sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry - June 12, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Narukawa T, Iwai T, Chiba K Tags: Anal Sci Source Type: research

Inactivation of mould spores in a model system and on raisins by low-energy electron beam
Publication date: October 2018 Source:Food Control, Volume 92 Author(s): Danai Etter, Annalena Rupp, Alexander Prange, David Drissner Low-energy electron beam was investigated as an intervention strategy for the reduction of spores of food-spoiling fungi. Inactivation kinetics of five strains from the genera Aspergillus, Byssochlamys, Eurotium and Penicillium were determined. A two-dimensional membrane was used as a model system to exclude matrix effects. Raisins were incorporated into the study as an example of a three-dimensional food surface structure that is regularly being affected by spoilage through moulds. Complet...
Source: Food Control - May 30, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Oxygen and diverse nutrients influence the water kefir fermentation process.
Abstract Eight water kefir fermentation series differing in the presence of oxygen, the nutrient concentration, and the nutrient source were studied during eight consecutive backslopping steps. The presence of oxygen allowed the proliferation of acetic acid bacteria, resulting in high concentrations of acetic acid, and decreased the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium aquikefiri. Low nutrient concentrations resulted in slow water kefir fermentation and high pH values, which allowed the growth of Comamonas testosteroni/thiooxydans. Further, low nutrient concentrations favored the growth of Lactobacillus hilgardii...
Source: Food Microbiology - March 13, 2018 Category: Food Science Authors: Laureys D, Aerts M, Vandamme P, De Vuyst L Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research

Changes of free-form volatile compounds in pre-treated raisins with different packaging materials during storage
This study showed that compounds came from unsaturated fatty acid oxidation, glycosidically-derived and grape-derived source were contributed to fruity, floral or herbaceous aromas, but Maillard reaction-derived VOCs imparted fatty and roasted aromas. Graphical abstract (Source: Food Research International)
Source: Food Research International - March 6, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

LAMP-based group specific detection of aflatoxin producers within Aspergillus section Flavi in food raw materials, spices, and dried fruit using neutral red for visible-light signal detection.
Abstract Aflatoxins can be produced by 21 species within sections Flavi (16 species), Ochraceorosei (2), and Nidulantes (3) of the fungal genus Aspergillus. They pose risks to human and animal health due to high toxicity and carcinogenicity. Detecting aflatoxin producers can help to assess toxicological risks associated with contaminated commodities. Species specific molecular assays (PCR and LAMP) are available for detection of major producers, but fail to detect species of minor importance. To enable rapid and sensitive detection of several aflatoxin producing species in a single analysis, a nor1 gene-specific L...
Source: International Journal of Food Microbiology - December 18, 2017 Category: Food Science Authors: Niessen L, Bechtner J, Fodil S, Taniwaki MH, Vogel RF Tags: Int J Food Microbiol Source Type: research

Postharvest dehydration induces variable changes in the primary metabolism of grape berries
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Food Research International, Volume 105 Author(s): Artur Conde, Flávio Soares, Richard Breia, Hernâni Gerós Postharvest dehydration causes changes in texture, color, taste and nutritional value of food due to the high temperatures and long drying times required. In grape berries, a gradual dehydration process is normally utilized for raisin production and for making special wines. Here we applied a raisin industry-mimicking dehydration process for eleven days at 50°C to intact berry clusters from cv. Sémillon plants, and a set of molecular, cellular and bi...
Source: Food Research International - November 30, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Using Electromagnetic Articulography to Measure Denture Micromovement during Chewing with and without Denture Adhesive
Abstract PurposeTo study the effects of denture adhesive upon denture micromovements in three dimensions during the chewing of hard, sticky, and tough food items observed using a novel method involving an electromagnetic articulograph (EMA) speech research system. Materials and MethodsTen volunteers (mean age 60.9 ± 10.4 years) with fair‐ or poor‐fitting complete maxillary dentures were enrolled. Chewing experiments were conducted using two treatments (adhesive or no‐adhesive control) and three foods: carrots (hard), raisins (sticky), and processed meat stick (tough). Denture micromovement was measured through...
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - November 14, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Phyllis Hoke, Mark Tiede, Julie Grender, Malgorzata Klukowska, Jill Peters, Gregory Carr Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Dried fruit and dental health – how strong is the evidence?
Abstract Children's dental health in England has shown improvement in recent decades. However, 24.7% of 5 year‐olds have obvious decay, with the average number of affected teeth being 3.4, and tooth decay is the most common reason for hospital admissions in 5–9 year‐olds. Public Health England advises that foods and drinks containing free sugars are limited because of the increased risk of dental caries associated with frequent intakes. Although dried fruit contains more sugars than fresh fruit by weight due to the dehydration process, the portion size of dried fruit is 30 g compared with 80 g for fresh...
Source: Nutrition Bulletin - November 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. J. Sadler Tags: News and Views Source Type: research

Association of raisin consumption with nutrient intake, diet quality, and health risk factors in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2012.
Abstract Raisins are one of the most commonly consumed dried fruits. Because of their unique nutrient profile, raisins may have some distinctive health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between raisin consumption and nutrient intake, dietary quality, body weight, and metabolic syndrome risk factors in adults. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2012 (n = 29,684) were used. Raisin consumers (n = 458, 60% female) were defined as those having any amount of raisins during the first 24 h dietary recall. D...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - October 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fulgoni VL, Painter J, Carughi A Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Senses
Scent of newborn wrapped in a knitted blanket Watch her grow, first day of school Track her on the playground, never a moment of rest Chew on oatmeal raisin cookies baked together Shut our eyes for hide-and-seek Hear her cry, she skinned her knees Cheer as she scores a goal Carry her when she falls down Run to catch up, now she's too fast Clap and celebrate, it's graduation Point to her suitcase, she is ready to pack Hug her tight and hope she comes back She walks to the gate, college here she comes Reflex to wake her up for school, no longer there Home feels off-balance, too quiet Sharp pain from the tough goodbye Cold sh...
Source: Neurology - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Aghajan, Y. Tags: Clinical neurology examination REFLECTIONS: NEUROLOGY AND THE HUMANITIES Source Type: research

Hovenia dulcis Thunb. and its active compound ampelopsin inhibit angiogenesis through suppression of VEGFR2 signaling and HIF-1 α expression.
Hovenia dulcis Thunb. and its active compound ampelopsin inhibit angiogenesis through suppression of VEGFR2 signaling and HIF-1α expression. Oncol Rep. 2017 Oct 11;: Authors: Han JM, Lim HN, Jung HJ Abstract Specific inhibition of angiogenesis has been considered a powerful strategy for the treatment of cancer and other angiogenesis-related human diseases. Hovenia dulcis Thunb., Japanese raisin tree or Oriental raisin tree, is a hardy tree found in Asia, Eastern China and Korea and has been known to possess various biological activities, including antifatigue, antidiabetic, neuroprotective and he...
Source: Oncology Reports - October 20, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research

Targeted screening and safety evaluation of 276 agrochemical residues in raisins using buffered ethyl acetate extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis.
Abstract A buffered ethyl acetate extraction method was optimized and validated in raisin matrix to monitor 276 pesticides by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. The final method involved homogenization of raisinsalong with water 1:1 raisins: water followed by extraction using ethyl acetate (10 mL/10 g raisins homogenate in presence of 0.1 mL acetic acid, 0.5 g sodium acetate and 10 g sodium sulfate, and cleanup by dispersive solid phase extraction with primary secondary amine sorbent (25 mg/5 mL extract). 276 pesticides were estimated within 20 mi...
Source: Chemosphere - October 1, 2017 Category: Chemistry Authors: Shabeer TPA, Jadhav M, Girame R, Hingmire S, Bhongale A, Pudale A, Banerjee K Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research

Highly sensitive method for aldehydes detection: Application to furfurals analysis in raisin and bovine milk powder.
Abstract A pre-column fluorescent derivatization method based on nitrone formation has been applied to determine furfurals (e.g. furfural (F), 5-methyfurfural (5-MF) and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF)) in food samples for the first time. An N-substituted hydroxylamine reagent 4-((hydroxyamino)butyl)-7-hydroxycoumarin (HAHC) was used to react with the aldehyde group of furfurals to form stable nitrone derivatives with high fluorescence intensities. The reactions proceeded under mild conditions in 30 min with high derivatization yields (>93%). A baseline-separation of three furfurals derivatives was subsequ...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - September 18, 2017 Category: Chemistry Authors: Sun Y, Guan Z, Cai H, Huang Y, Lin Y, Hu X Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research

Raisins and Currants as Conventional Nutraceuticals in Italian Market: Natural Occurrence of Ochratoxin A
This study reports the occurrence of Ochratoxin A (OTA) and associated fungal contamination in 35 samples of dried vine fruits imported in the European community potentially used for the development of new nutraceutical supplements. High pressure liquid chromatography analysis identified 18 samples as contaminated by OTA with an average level of 2.6 μg/kg. OTA was measured in 4 samples of currants (mean value of 6.6 μg/kg) and 13 samples of raisins (mean value of 1.4 μg/kg). In one sample of currants and one of raisins from Turkey OTA exceeded the limits set by European Commission of 10 μg/kg, being contaminate...
Source: Journal of Food Science - September 11, 2017 Category: Food Science Authors: Francesca Fanelli, Giuseppe Cozzi, Assunta Raiola, Irene Dini, Giuseppina Mul è, Antonio F. Logrieco, Alberto Ritieni Tags: Food Chemistry Source Type: research

Raisin Consumption is Associated with Increased Nutrient Intake and Better Diet Quality in Children (2-18 years): An Analyses of NHANES (2001-2012)
To determine the association of raisin consumption with diet quality and nutrients to encourage and those to moderate in children. (Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association)
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - August 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: V. Fulgoni, J. Painter, A. Carughi Tags: Tuesday, October 24 Source Type: research

Protective effect of raisin (currant) against spatial memory impairment and oxidative stress in Alzheimer disease model
. (Source: Nutritional Neuroscience)
Source: Nutritional Neuroscience - August 16, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohammad Gol Davoud Ghorbanian Nabiollah Soltanpour Jamshid Faraji Mohsen Pourghasem Source Type: research

A Raisin Brings the Sun.
Authors: Rao NR PMID: 28760105 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - August 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research

A Raisin Brings the Sun
Psychiatric Services,Volume 68, Issue 8, Page 762-763, August 01, 2017. (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - August 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nyapati R. Rao Source Type: research

A standardized extract of the fruit of Hovenia dulcis alleviated alcohol-induced hangover in healthy subjects with heterozygous ALDH2: A randomized, controlled, crossover trial
Conclusions The results suggest that a favorable effect of HDE on alcohol hangovers might be associated with enhancing homeostatic regulation of inflammatory response. The magnitude of impact might be different in the presence of CYP2E1 polymorphism. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - July 28, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Raisin Bread-like Iron Sulfides/Nitrogen and Sulfur Dual-doped Mesoporous Graphitic Carbon Spheres: A Promising Electrocatalyst for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Alkaline and Acidic Media
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C7TA02096A, PaperJunwu Xiao, Yating Xia, Chencheng Hu, Jiangbo Xi, Shuai Wang A raisin bread-like electrocatalyst composed of iron sulfides (Fe1-xS) and nitrogen and sulfur dual-doped mesoporous graphitic carbon spheres (N, S-MGCS) is successfully synthesized via a two-step pyrolysis and acid leaching... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry (Source: RSC - J. Mater. Chem. latest articles)
Source: RSC - J. Mater. Chem. latest articles - April 27, 2017 Category: Chemistry Authors: Junwu Xiao Source Type: research

When hunger does (or doesn't) increase unhealthy and healthy food consumption through food wanting: The distinctive role of impulsive approach tendencies toward healthy food.
CONCLUSION: These findings showed that IAHF play a protective role by preventing hunger to indirectly increase unhealthy food consumption through wanting for food. It confirms the importance of considering how individuals may differ in their impulsive approach tendencies toward food to better understand why some individuals will increase their unhealthy food intake when they are hungry, whereas other will not. PMID: 28455261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - April 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cheval B, Audrin C, Sarrazin P, Pelletier L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Neural pathways for cognitive command and control of hand movements [Neuroscience]
A piece of fruit—a raisin—swings on a stick in front of a monkey (Fig. 1). He likes raisins; he wants this one. He stretches out his arm, opens his hand with the fingers spread wide apart, and tries to capture it; he misses (bursts B and D). He tries again,... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - April 18, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Esther P. Gardner Tags: Commentaries Source Type: research