Health-related stakeholders ’ perceptions of clinical pharmacy services in Qatar
Conclusion Health-related stakeholders in Qatar have positive perceptions of current clinical pharmacy services and support the expansion of pharmacist ’s roles. However, service development needs to consider the issues of patient and public awareness and initially target institutionalised healthcare settings. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - September 22, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Faculty perceptions of student plagiarism and interventions to tackle it: a multiphase mixed-methods study in Qatar
The widespread use of the internet and other digital resources has contributed to the escalation of plagiarism among medical students and students of other healthcare professions. Concerns were raised by facul... (Source: BMC Medical Education)
Source: BMC Medical Education - September 21, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Mai A. Mahmoud, Ziyad R. Mahfoud, Ming-Jung Ho and John Shatzer Tags: Research article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 6906: Occupational Safety and Work-Related Injury Control Efforts in Qatar: Lessons Learned from a Rapidly Developing Economy
Thani Peralta Work-related injury (WRI) control is an integral part of occupational safety. In rapidly developing Gulf countries such as Qatar with a predominantly expatriate workforce, WRI control is a complex issue often seen in conjunction with the implementation of labour laws and labour rights. We aimed to implement a public health approach to facilitate efforts to achieve long-term WRI control in Qatar. A range of initiatives helped to gain visibility and momentum for this important public health problem, including identifying and engaging with key stakeholders, workers’ surveys, steps to establi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - September 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Consunji Mehmood Hirani El-Menyar Abeid Hyder Al-Thani Peralta Tags: Article Source Type: research

Marital status in patients with functional (psychogenic nonepileptic) seizures: An international study.
CONCLUSION: The marital status has significant associations with the semiology of functional seizures. A history of sexual abuse is significantly associated with being separated and should be inquired and tackled appropriately during the management process of patients with functional seizures. PMID: 32950767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour)
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - September 17, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Asadi-Pooya AA, Mesraoua B, Hingray C, Gigineishvili D, Karakis I, Hosny H, Alsaadi T, Melikyan G, Janocko NJ, Thekkumpurath T, Tarrada A, Lattanzi S, Brigo F Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research

Insights from healthcare academics on facilitating interprofessional education activities.
Authors: El-Awaisi A, Sheikh Ali S, Abu Nada A, Rainkie D, Awaisu A Abstract Facilitators are of paramount importance to the success of interprofessional education (IPE) activities; hence, it is crucial to explore their perspectives and experiences in delivering IPE in Qatar. Using an exploratory case study approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted, in 2018, among faculty members, who had facilitated at least one IPE activity in Qatar, from healthcare professional education programs at Qatar University Colleges of Pharmacy, Medicine, and Health Sciences, Weill Cornell Medicine in Qatar, the University of ...
Source: Journal of Interprofessional Care - September 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: J Interprof Care Source Type: research

COVID-19 Infection Among Healthcare Workers in a National Healthcare System: the Qatar Experience
Since the identification of first case cluster in Wuhan, China in December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has swept the entire world. The pandemic has overwhelmed hospital capacity and existing healthcare resources in many countries. Healthcare workers (HCW) are a particularly high risk group due to their close interactions with infected persons as well as lack or deficiency of personal protective equipment in many settings. The rate of infection in HCW is reported to vary between 3-17% and varies according to the history and degree of exposure and presence of symptoms (Lan et al., 2020; Fusco et al., 2020; El-Boghdadly et al...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jameela Alajmi, Andrew M. Jeremijenko, Joji C. Abraham, Moza Alishaq, Elli Gabriel Concepcion, Adeel Ajwad Butt, Abdul-Badi Abou-Samra Source Type: research

Left iliac fossa mini incision sigmoidectomy for treatment of sigmoid volvulus. Case series of six patients from Qatar
Publication date: Available online 8 September 2020Source: International Journal of Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Mahmood Al Dhaheri, Mohamed Abu Nada, Walid El Ansari, Mohamed Kurer, Ayman Abdelhafiz Ahmed (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - September 10, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Sources of health information used by Qatari adolescents.
This study aimed to assess the importance of personal communication for health information among Qatari adolescents compared with other sources. Methods: A secondary analysis of a representative sample of 1117 Qatari adolescents was done in 2017 of their sources of health information. Data were analysed according to age group and sex. Results: Personal communication was the most important source of health information (particularly parents and friends), together with a few selected Internet platforms for both sexes and age groups. Significantly more females used parents and Instagram as a source of health informatio...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Comment on article "Seroprevalence of Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Indian and Filipino migrant populations in Qatar: a cross-sectional survey".
Comment on article "Seroprevalence of Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Indian and Filipino migrant populations in Qatar: a cross-sectional survey". East Mediterr Health J. 2020 Aug 25;26(8):886-887 Authors: Sun Y, Li M, Gong T, Cong Y, Zhao J PMID: 32896882 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - September 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Assessing the role and impact of Telemedicine use in acute care surgery out patient clinic post-operatively, during covid-19 pandemic in Qatar.
PMID: 32909273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Surgery - September 9, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Abdalla SMS, Mustafa S, Ramzee AF, Ahmed K Tags: Br J Surg Source Type: research

Critical appraisal of tobacco dependence treatment guidelines
Conclusion Seven guidelines were judged to be of high quality (overall score of  ≥ 70%). Future guidelines for tobacco dependence treatment should use rigorous methods of development and provide applicable recommendations. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - September 8, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

The Reproductive Agency Scale (RAS-17): development and validation in a cross-sectional study of pregnant Qatari and non-Qatari Arab Women
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5 prioritizes women ’s empowerment and gender equality, alone and as drivers of other SDGs. Efforts to validate universal measures of women’s empowerment have eclipsed efforts... (Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - September 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kathryn M. Yount, Laurie James-Hawkins and Hanan F. Abdul Rahim Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Visceral adiposity index is a better predictor of type 2 diabetes than body mass index in Qatari population
This study aimed to assess the relative effectiveness of visceral adiposity index (VAI) and body adiposity index (BAI), in comparison with BMI, for T2D among Qatari adults. A random sample of 1103 adult Qatari nationals and long term residents over 20 years old were included in this study. This data were obtained from the Qatar Biobank (QBB). We performed a multivariate logistic regression to examine the association between VAI, BAI, BMI, and T2D, and computed z-scores for VAI, BAI and BMI. VAI z-scores showed the strongest association with the risk of T2D (OR, 1.44; 95% CI: 1.24–1.68) compared with the z-scores fo...
Source: Medicine - August 28, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Identification of mcr-8 in Clinical Isolates From Qatar and Evaluation of Their Antimicrobial Profiles
This study was performed to investigate the genotypic causes of colistin resistance in 18 colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 13), Escherichia coli (n = 3) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 2) isolates from patients at the Hamad General Hospital, Qatar. MIC testing for colistin was performed using Phoenix (BD Biosciences, Heidelberg, Germany) and then verified with SensiTest Colistin (Liofilchem, Zona Ind. le, Italy). Strains determined to be resistant (MIC> 4-16 μg/mL) were then whole-genome sequenced (MiSeq, Illumina, Inc.). Sequences were processed and analysed using BacPipe v1.2.6, a bacterial whole genom...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - August 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Prevalence and trends of transfusion transmissible infections among blood donors in the State of Qatar, 2013 –2017
Millions of lives around the world are being saved annually through blood transfusion. However, blood transfusion is among the essential vehicles for transmitting infections. The overall prevalence of Transfus... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - August 20, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mohamed Aabdien, Nagah Selim, Sayed Himatt, Saloua Hmissi, Zeyd Merenkov, Noora AlKubaisi, Manar E. Abdel-Rahman, Abdelatif Abdelmola, Shadi Khelfa, Elmoubasher Farag, Hamad E. Al-Romaihi, Mohamed Al-Thani, Moutaz Derbala and Saad Al-Kaabi Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic neuropathy and painful diabetic neuropathy in primary and secondary health care in Qatar
This study determined the prevalence and risk factors for DPN and pDPN in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in primary health care (PHC) and secondary health care (SHC) in Qatar.Materials and MethodsThis is a cross ‐sectional multi‐center study. Adults with T2D were randomly enrolled from four PHC centres and two Diabetes Centres in SHC in Qatar. Subjects underwent assessment of clinical and metabolic parameters, DPN and pDPN.Results1,386 subjects with T2D (297 from PHC and 1,089 from SHC) were recruited. The prevalence of DPN (14.8% vs 23.9%, P=0.001) and pDPN (18.1% vs 37.5%, P
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - August 16, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Georgios Ponirakis, Tarik Elhadd, Subitha Chinnaiyan, Abdul H. Hamza, Sanaulla Sheik, Mohamed A. Kalathingal, Mohamed S. Anodiyil, Zeinab Dabbous, MashhoodA. Siddique, Hamad Almuhannadi, Ioannis Petropoulos, Adnan Khan, Khaled A.E. Ashawesh, Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Stroke Mimics: A five-year follow-up study from the Qatar Stroke Database
Mimics comprise a third of patients presenting with an acute stroke. There is limited information on their natural history. (Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases)
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Naveed Akhtar, Zain Bhutta, Saadat Kamran, Blessy Babu, Namitha Jose, Sujatha Joseph, Deborah Morgan, Reny Francis, Ahmed Own, Ashfaq Shuaib Source Type: research

The association between airborne pollen monitoring and sensitization in the hot desert climate
ConclusionsThis is the first study to monitor airborne pollen in the state of Qatar. The main pollen detected were Amaranthaceae and Poaceae. Pollen may represent a possible exacerbating factor in adult patients with allergic diseases such as asthma and allergic rhinitis. (Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy)
Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy - August 10, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Conducting the mortality and morbidity meetings during COVID-19 pandemic, a tertiary care centre experience in Qatar.
PMID: 32776525 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Surgery)
Source: The British Journal of Surgery - August 10, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Ahmed K, Alfkey R, Zarour A Tags: Br J Surg Source Type: research

Investigating the incidence, nature, severity and potential causality of medication errors in hospital settings in Qatar
Conclusion Almost all reports were submitted by pharmacists, indicating likely under-reporting affecting the actual incidence. Effort is required to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the reporting system. The use of the theoretical framework allowed identification of potential causality, largely in relation to active failures, which can inform the basis of interventions to improve medication safety. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - August 7, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Effect of temperature and humidity on the dynamics of daily new cases and deaths due to COVID-19 outbreak in Gulf countries in Middle East Region.
CONCLUSIONS: An increase in relative humidity was associated with a decrease in the number of daily cases and deaths due to COVID-19 in GCC countries. The daily growth factor for patients and deaths shows a declining trend. However, the climate is swiftly changing in the region; further studies may be conducted during the peak of summer season. The findings have outcomes for policymakers and health officials about the impact of temperature and humidity on epidemiological trends of daily new cases and deaths due to COVID-19. PMID: 32706095 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - July 28, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

Outcome associated with EPCAM founder mutation c.499dup in Qatar.
This study aimed to identify the pathogenic EPCAM mutations causing TE in Qatari families and determine possible genotype-phenotype correlations. Twenty-two TE patients from seven multiplex families with TE were identified. Blood samples were collected from patients and first-degree relatives. Exons of the gene were amplified and sequenced. Retrospective chart review and/or family interviews were conducted to determine phenotypic characteristics of the disease. Sequence analysis revealed a single, previously described c.499dup mutation in exon 5 of all families tested, suggesting a founder effect. Of the 18 patients whose ...
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - July 28, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Hassan K, Sher G, Hamid E, Hazima KA, Abdelrahman H, Al Mudahka F, Al-Masri W, Sankar J, Daryaee M, Shawish R, Khan MA, Nawaz Z Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research

Health is a political choice: why conduct healthcare research? Value, importance and outcomes to policy makers
AbstractThis paper offers the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) viewpoint with Qatar as a case for lasting transformation of health systems. The Qatar case study illustrates the importance of research in the development of health policy. It provides description of a series of projects that have been undertaken in relevant national areas such as autism, dementia, genomics, palliative care and patient safety. The paper discourse draws attention to investment requirement in health research systems to respond to country national health priorities and to strengthen public health policies for improving health and social outcome...
Source: Life Sciences, Society and Policy - July 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Age and gender specific cut-off points for body fat parameters among adults in Qatar
Excessive body fat is the leading cause of many metabolic disorders. Therefore, assessing levels of body fat associated with risk of disease in specific populations is crucial. The present study aimed to ident... (Source: Nutrition Journal)
Source: Nutrition Journal - July 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Bawadi, S. Hassan, A. Shanbeh Zadeh, H. Sarv, A. Kerkadi, Josep A. Tur and Z. Shi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Aberrant DNA methylation of PTPRG as one possible mechanism of its under ‐expression in CML patients in the State of Qatar
ConclusionAberrant methylation ofPTPRG is potentially one of the possible mechanisms ofPTPRG downregulation detected in CML. (Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine)
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - July 23, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Mohamed A. Ismail, Muthanna Samara, Ali Al Sayab, Mohamed Alsharshani, Mohamed A. Yassin, Govindarajulu Varadharaj, Marzia Vezzalini, Luisa Tomasello, Maria Monne, Hisham Morsi, M. Walid Qoronfleh, Hatem Zayed, Richard Cook, Claudio Sorio, H Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evaluation of the risk of acute kidney injury with the use of piperacillin/tazobactam among adult critically ill patients
ConclusionIn this study, PT was not associated with a higher risk of AKI compared to cefepime or meropenem among adult critically ill patients. (Source: Infection)
Source: Infection - July 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Women's productivity in mental health research in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
This study aims to explore women's mental health research productivity in GCC countries. METHODS: The authors searched five databases for published articles from the GCC region in the field of mental health between 2015-2019. The gender of the authors was inferred from the first name. The authors examined the qualified articles for women authorship, h-index, and research design. RESULTS: The cumulative proportion of articles with women authors was 41.6 %. There was a significant difference across the countries; Bahrain has the highest percentage (79.3 %), while Oman had the lowest (33.8 %); p
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Simultaneous occurrence of follicular and papillary thyroid carcinomas in same thyroid lobe: A case series of six patients from Qatar
Publication date: 2020Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Volume 73Author(s): Abdelrahman Abdelaal, Walid El Ansari, Abdelrahman Abusabeib, Hanan Farghaly, Abdelhakem A.M. Tabeb (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 20, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 11, Pages 814: TLR4 Receptor D299G/T399I Haplotype Polymorphism Is Associated with Insulin Resistance in Obese Female Subjects
Conclusions: TLR4 D299G/T399I haplotype polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance with the upregulation of TLR4 protein expression in obese subjects. (Source: Genes)
Source: Genes - July 17, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Elham Sharif Mariam Al-Wakeel Afnan Mohamed Abdelhamid kerkadi Nasser Rizk Tags: Article Source Type: research

Study of environmental dynamic through optimized potential variables: renewable energy
This article investigates the effects of sustainable power source, Foreign Direct Investment, International exchange, and Tourism on carbon outflow in five developed countries (i.e., Singapore, Qatar, Malaysia, South Korea, and Japan) and five developing countries (i.e., Pakistan, Bangladesh, Srilanka, China, and Indonesia) of Asia for the period 2000 to 2020 by utilizing System GMM, FMOLS, and DOLS models. The GMM framework shows that the outside direct speculation and the travel industry increase the discharge, while the renewable vitality utilization and universal exchange diminish the carbon outflow in technologically ...
Source: Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health - July 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Identification of the awareness level by the public of Arab countries toward COVID-19: cross-sectional study following an outbreak
ConclusionsThe COVID-19 pandemic is causing global panic; thus, awareness and practices of preventive measures of COVID-19 should be increased through public educational campaigns, which should be planned in accordance with communities ’ and countries’ attitudes toward COVID-19. Collaborative efforts between ministries of heath and residents of every country should be implemented. (Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice - July 15, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5088: Prevalence and Predictors of Insulin Resistance in Non-Obese Healthy Young Females in Qatar
This study aims to compare the prevalence of insulin resistance in apparently healthy non-obese and obese participants from Qatar and identify the predictors of insulin resistance in different body mass index (BMI)-groups. In this cross-sectional study, 150 young healthy females from Qatar were dichotomized into four groups (underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese) based on their BMI. Anthropometric measures as well as fasting plasma levels of lipids, adipokines, blood glucose and insulin were recorded. The prevalence of insulin resistance as per homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was est...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mohamed A. Elrayess Nasser M. Rizk Amina S. Fadel Abdelhamid Kerkadi Tags: Article Source Type: research

CFTR modulator therapy for cystic fibrosis caused by the rare c.3700A > G mutation
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein, a cAMP-activated chloride channel expressed in the lungs, pancreas and other tissues [1, 2]. More than 2000 CFTR gene variants have been identified, with>300 associated with CF of varying severity [1, 3]. Although F508del is the most prevalent mutation in Europe and the US, there is considerable regional variability in many CFTR mutations [4]. The c.3700A>G mutation is a relatively common CF-causing mutation in the Middle East [5 –8], present in nearly all CF subjects in Qatar ...
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - July 14, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Puay-Wah Phuan, Peter M. Haggie, Joseph A. Tan, Amber A. Rivera, Walter E. Finkbeiner, Dennis W. Nielson, Merlin M. Thomas, Ibrahim A. Janahi, Alan S. Verkman Source Type: research

Charaterization of mosquito larval habitats in Qatar
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Fatima Abdulla Alkhayat, Abu H. Ahmad, Junaid Rahim, Hamady Dieng, Bashir Adam Ismail, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Sohail Shahzad, Umer Ayyaz Aslam Sheikh, Allah Ditta Abid, Kashif Munawar (Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences)
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - July 10, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Plasmid-mediated colistin resistance encoded by mcr-1 gene in Escherichia coli co-carrying blaCTX-M-15 and blaNDM-1 genes in pediatric patients in Qatar
Publication date: Available online 7 July 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Clement K.M. Tsui, Sathyavathi Sundararaju, Hassan Al Mana, Mohammad Rubayet Hasan, Patrick Tang, Andres Perez-Lopez (Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance)
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - July 9, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Recurrent Nasopharyngeal Rhinosporidiosis: Case Report from Qatar and Review of the Literature
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2020Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Gawahir M. Ali, Wael Goravey, Samir A. Al Hyassat, Mahir Petkar, Muna A. Al Maslamani, Hamad Abdel Hadi (Source: IDCases)
Source: IDCases - July 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Migrant Worker Well-Being and Its Determinants: The Case of Qatar
AbstractDespite significant media attention and criticism, we know very little about the living and working conditions of low-income migrants in the Arab Gulf states, how migrants themselves view these conditions, or what factors most shape migrant worker well-being. Utilizing data from a unique, nationally representative survey of migrant workers living in labor camps in Qatar, this paper uses subjective and objective indicators to provide a more complete picture of migrant worker well-being and its determinants. We create a composite score of well-being based on migrant worker satisfaction with their job, human rights, s...
Source: Social Indicators Research - July 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Anticoagulation clinic drive-up service during COVID-19 pandemic in Qatar
AbstractCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic affecting many countries worldwide. Given the increasing incidence especially in elderly and individuals with comorbid conditions, it is advised by health authorities to stay home if possible, maintain social distancing and stay away from those who are sick or could be infected. Patients with comorbidities especially cardiovascular disease are at higher risk of getting infected with COVID-19 and have worse prognosis. Among efforts to safely manage warfarin patients during this pandemic, we introduced a hospital drive-up anticoagulation testing service. This service ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - July 3, 2020 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Ningiella ruwaisensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Alteromonadaceae isolated from marine water of the Arabian Gulf.
Abstract Strain B66T was isolated from a marine water sample collected at Al Ruwais, located on the northern tip of Qatar. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic and short- rod-shaped with a polar flagellum. The isolate was able to grow at 15-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5-11 (optimum, pH 6.5-8) and with 0-6 % NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain B66T was affiliated with the family Alteromonadaceae, sharing the highest sequence similarities to the genera Alteromonas (93.7-95.4 %), Aestuariibacter (94.0-95.1 %), Agaribacter (93.3-93.7 %), Glaciec...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - July 2, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Fotedar R, Caldwell ME, Sankaranarayanan K, Al-Zeyara A, Al-Malki A, Kaul R, Al Marri M, Al-Shamari HS, Lawson PA Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

P79 Visceral Adiposity Index is a Better Predictor of Type 2 Diabetes than Body Mass Index in the Qatari Population
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has increased recently in Qatar. Body mass index (BMI) is a predictor of T2D in many populations. However, BMI is based on height and weight measurements and not on body adiposity. Therefore, the utility of BMI for predicting the risk of T2D has been questioned, and visceral adiposity appears to be a better predictor of T2D. (Source: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior)
Source: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior - July 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hiba Bawadi, Aysha Al-Khalaqi, Fatima Al-Naimi, Rouda Qassmi, Zumin Shi Tags: Nutrition Education Research Methods Source Type: research

Association between factor V Leiden mutation and recurrent pregnancy loss in the middle east countries: a Newcastle –Ottawa meta-analysis
ConclusionThe results of our study support an association between FVL mutation status and RPL in women of the Middle East countries. It is recommended that specific policies include comprehensive testing for FVL mutation as a standard of care in women of the Middle East region with unexplained RPL. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - June 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Personality Traits, Risk Perception, and Protective Behaviors of Arab Residents of Qatar During the COVID-19 Pandemic
AbstractDuring the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, people in Qatar —similar to most countries globally—were instructed by health authorities to adopt protective behaviors to avoid infection. One of these behaviors is social distancing, which is influenced by diverse variables. Using data from an online survey with 405 responses, this study performed multiple re gression analysis to explore effects of personality, risk perception, and personal hygiene practices on social distancing among residents of Qatar. The results showed that 87.3% of participants reported that they preferred to stay at home and not go outside unle...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - June 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Proteome-wide assessment of diabetes mellitus in Qatari identifies IGFBP-2 as a risk factor already with early glycaemic disturbances.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Proteomics is expected to provide novel insights in the underlying pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the present study, we aimed to identify and biochemically characterize proteins associated with diabetes mellitus in a Qatari population. METHODS: In a diabetes case-control study (175 cases, 164 controls; Arab, South Asian and Philippine ethnicities), we conducted a discovery study to screen 1,141 blood protein levels for associations with diabetes mellitus. Additional analyses were done in controls in relation to Hb1Ac, and biochemical characterization of the main findings ...
Source: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics - June 22, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Noordam R, van Heemst D, Suhre K, Krumsiek J, Mook-Kanamori DO Tags: Arch Biochem Biophys Source Type: research

Simultaneous Occurrence of Follicular and Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma in Same Thyroid Lobe: A Case Series of Six Patients from Qatar
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2020Source: International Journal of Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Abdelrahman Abdelaal, Walid El Ansari, Abdelrahman Abusabeib, Hanan Farghaly, Abdelhakem A.M. Tabeb (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - June 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Transanal Minimally Invasive Surgery (TAMIS) in Qatar: initial experience
Transanal Minimally Invasive Surgery (TAMIS) has revolutionized local excision of mid and high rectal lesions; benign or malignant. It is a technique that is developed as a hybrid between Transanal Endoscopic ... (Source: BMC Surgery)
Source: BMC Surgery - June 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: A. Abutaka, A. Ahmed, M. Abunada and M. Kurer Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Indian and Filipino migrant populations in Qatar: a cross-sectional survey.
Conclusions: The seroprevalence rates of herpes simplex virus-2 in Filipino and Indian men living in Qatar were similar to those found in the Philippines and India. However, the seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus-1 in Indians, while similar to that found in India, was substantially lower than that of other countries in Asia and developing countries worldwide, which needs further investigation. PMID: 32538456 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal)
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - June 17, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research

Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Qatar (2010 –2016): Clinical, Biological, and Prognostic Factors and Treatment Outcomes
The current study retrospectively evaluated cytogenetic profiles, various prognostic factors, and survival outcomes in 128 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients (14 ≤ age ≤ 70 years) admitted to the National Center for Cancer Care and Research (NCCCR), Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, between January 2010 and December 2016. The median age at diagnosis was 43 years, and 80% were less than 60 years old; 75% of patients were male. Cytogenetic analysis was integrated into the World Health Organization 2008 classification and showed that the percentages of normal and abnormal karyotypes were similar, accounting for...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - June 17, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Influx of diverse, drug resistant and transmissible Plasmodium falciparum into a malaria-free setting in Qatar
Successful control programs have impeded local malaria transmission in almost all Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia. Nevert... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Abir Al-Rumhi, Zainab Al-Hashami, Salama Al-Hamidhi, Amal Gadalla, Raeece Naeem, Lisa Ranford-Cartwright, Arnab Pain, Ali A. Sultan and Hamza A. Babiker Tags: Research article Source Type: research

MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV infections in animals: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence studies.
DISCUSSION: A considerable proportion of infected animals tested positive, particularly by nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT). This essential condition highlights the relevance of individual animals as reservoirs of MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV. In this meta-analysis, camels and bats were found to be positive by RT-PCR in over 10% of the cases for both; thus, suggesting their relevance in the maintenance of wild zoonotic transmission. PMID: 32532942 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Infezioni in Medicina)
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - June 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of functional (psychogenic nonepileptic) seizures: An international retrospective study.
CONCLUSION: Semiology of functional seizures seems to vary across various regions of the world; socioeconomic, cultural, ethnic, and religious differences may play an essential role in the modulation of functional seizures semiology across different nations and cultures. PMID: 32540770 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour)
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - June 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Asadi-Pooya AA, Brigo F, Mesraoua B, Tarrada A, Karakis I, Hosny H, Alsaadi T, Gigineishvili D, Ali MA, Janocko NJ, Elsheikh L, Hingray C Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research