Shorter course of radiation therapy effective in treating men with prostate cancer
A new UCLA-led study shows that men with low- or intermediate-risk prostate cancer can safely undergo higher doses of radiation over a significantly shorter period of time and still have the same, successful outcomes as from a much longer course of treatment.This type of radiation, known as stereotactic body radiotherapy, is a form of external beam radiation therapy and reduces the duration of treatment from 45 days to four to five days. The approach has been in use since 2000, but has not yet been widely adopted because of concerns over how safe and effective this approach would be in the long term.“Most men with lo...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - February 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Gambia: Manka in U.S. for Film On Psychological Impact of Deported Migrant Returnee
[Foroyaa] A Gambian photo journalist and videographer Alhagie Manka, has his co-produced film 'Gift from Babylon', selected in the competition for Best Short Narrative, at the upcoming Pan African Film Festival, the largest black film convergence in Los Angeles, in the United States. 'Gift from Babylon' is a clip depicting the 'psychological' impact of migration on a Gambian migrant returnee. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 8, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Thinking positively during pregnancy? You could be helping your child's ability in maths and science
Your attitude during pregnancy could have an effect on your child's ability in maths and science, according to a new study published by Frontiers in Psychology today. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - February 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Institutes, ALSPAC; Press Release Source Type: news

Positive thinking during pregnancy could help children's ability in math and science
(University of Bristol) Your attitude during pregnancy could have an effect on your child's ability in math and science, according to a new study published by Frontiers in Psychology today. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 8, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Bridging the 'liking-gap,' researchers discuss awkwardness of conversations
(Society for Personality and Social Psychology) Social and personality psychologists will present their latest findings on how people engage in casual conversations, and what this means for our own performance anxiety. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SIOP recognizes Lilia Cortina and Vicki Magley with the Katzell Award
(Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology) Dr. Cortina and Dr. Magley have been awarded with the Katzell Award for their contributions to significantly increasing public awareness of the contributions I-O psychology makes in improving peoples' lives by addressing social issues. Their work about sexual harassment will be recognized by SIOP at the annual conference in April, 2019. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Psychology: Robot saved, people take the hit
(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit ä t M ü nchen) To what extent are people prepared to show consideration for robots? A new study suggests that, under certain circumstances, some people are willing to endanger human lives -- out of concern for robots. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

This Study Disproves a Common Myth About Hangovers
Hangovers are virtually unavoidable for the drinking public. But despite how common they are, scientists don’t fully understand how to cure or prevent hangovers, or even what causes them. In the absence of evidence, people have come up with plenty of their own rituals, from pre-bedtime routines (chugging water) to strict rules about when to drink which type of alcohol (beer before wine). A new study, however, provides novel insights into hangovers. No matter what type of booze you drink first, it finds, your hangover will be just the same. Hangovers are “one of these things that are not tackled by science a l...
Source: TIME: Health - February 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Research Source Type: news

Feel-good foods that may help fight depression
UK-based Rob Hobson, Healthspan Head of Nutrition, and Dr Aria, Clinical and Behavioral Psychologist, explain how diet really does impact mental health. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - February 7, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Feel-good foods that may help fight depression
UK-based Rob Hobson, Healthspan Head of Nutrition, and Dr Aria,  Clinical and Behavioral Psychologist, explain how diet really does impact mental health. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - February 7, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Is there anybody out there? Attachment style and interpersonal facilitators as protective factors against complicated grief among suicide-loss survivors - Levi-Belz Y, Lev-Ari L.
Losing a loved one to suicide may have detrimental effects, one of them being suffering from complicated grief (CG). To date, no studies have fully examined the psychological processes that delineate the risk and resilience factors that contribute to CG am... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

High-calorie desserts might not be all bad
(American Psychological Association) If you're going to choose dessert first, then the high-calorie option might lead to your eating a healthier meal, unless you have a lot on your mind, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sociologists study the impact religion has on child development
(University of Texas at San Antonio) Do children raised by religious parents have better social and psychological development than those raised in non-religious homes? In a new study, researchers found that religion can be a mixed blessing for children as they get older. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
(University of M ü nster) Psychologists and information scientists at the University of M ü nster have looked at how digital information systems support daily work and why it can be a good for us to forget certain things. The results of their study have been published in the Ergonomics journal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Cells to Society: 130 Years of Innovation / Research News
This study explores experiences related to hearing loss and barriers to hearing health care among older Korean Americans.      Read more   Aging ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - February 7, 2019 Category: Nursing Source Type: news

Africa: Helping the Victims of FGM in Africa
[Deutsche Welle] Many girls and women in Africa suffer from the effects of female genital mutilation (FGM), although it is banned in several countries. Doctors on the ground and in Germany provide medical and psychological help. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 6, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Exercising Might Help You Make Healthier Food Choices, Study Says
Getting healthy can be a daunting endeavor. It can seem impossible to get active, eat better, sleep more, stay hydrated and do the many other things your doctor says you should do, all at once. But recent research suggests there’s a single best place to begin. According to a study published in the International Journal of Obesity, starting an exercise regimen may also inspire you to eat more healthfully. “It’s hard to start a diet. Most people feel deprived from the get-go,” says study co-author Molly Bray, chair of the department of nutritional sciences at the University of Texas at Austin. “...
Source: TIME: Health - February 6, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized Diet/Nutrition Exercise/Fitness healthytime Source Type: news

A dynamic examination of the associations between shyness, psychological difficulties, and stressful life events during early adolescence - Bowker JC, Santo JB, Adams RE.
Although numerous studies have established linkages between shyness and later psychological difficulties, most extant research did not examine variation in shyness over time in relation to variation in psychological difficulties over time or possible envir... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Workplace sexism's effects on women's mental health and job satisfaction
(Wiley) A new Journal of Applied Social Psychology study investigates the associations between workplace sexism, sense of belonging at work, mental health, and job satisfaction for women in male-dominated industries. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

'Doing science,' rather than 'being scientists,' more encouraging to girls
(New York University) Asking young girls to 'do science' leads them to show greater persistence in science activities than does asking them to 'be scientists,' finds a new psychology study by researchers at New York University and Princeton University. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study links adult fibromyalgia to childhood sexual abuse
(American Friends of Tel Aviv University) A new Tel Aviv University study finds that fibromyalgia syndrome -- a chronic condition characterized by widespread pain, fatigue and cognitive difficulties -- may be a consequence of post-traumatic physical and psychological distress associated with childhood sexual abuse. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The good and evil of ghosts, governments, and machines
(Society for Personality and Social Psychology) Perceptions of morality in non-people to be discussed at Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Convention in Portland, Oregon. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

When Athletes Fail: The Science Behind'The Yips'When Athletes Fail: The Science Behind'The Yips '
For years, the yips has been synonymous with choking. According to researcher Dr Charles Adler, however, for some, the causes may not be psychological.Medscape Neurology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 5, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Expert Interview Source Type: news

What Everyone Needs to Know About Bipolar Disorder
Nine years ago, Julie Kraft’s doctor uttered the words, “you have bipolar II disorder.” Immediately, images of unhinged film characters, sensationalist tabloid headlines and shocking news stories flooded her mind. All these things are now associated with me, she thought. Kraft felt embarrassed, ashamed, sad—and afraid. “I was fearful of being judged, backed away from, viewed as unsafe, unpredictable, unstable, an unreliable friend, an irresponsible mom, a moody wife, a woman of weak character, and the list goes on and on.” It’s an understandable reaction because even though bipolar...
Source: Psych Central - February 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Margarita Tartakovsky, M.S. Tags: Bipolar Disorders Stigma Bipolar Disorder bipolar disorder myths bipolar disorder stereotypes bipolar I Bipolar Ii Cyclothymia Hypomania Mental Health Stigma Mood Disorders Source Type: news

Unsanctioned aggression and violence in amateur sport: a multidisciplinary synthesis - Spaaij R, Schaill ée H.
This article critically reviews and synthesizes contemporary scientific research on unsanctioned aggression and violence in am... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Psychological interventions for adoptive parents: a systematic review - Harris-Waller J, Granger C, Hussain M.
A systematic review methodology was used to evaluate research regarding psychological interventions for adoptive parents. The effectiveness of the diverse intervention models scrutinised was found to be mixed with regard to a range of parent and child outc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

The epistemic and pragmatic value of non-action: a predictive coding perspective on meditation - Lutz A, Mattout J, Pagnoni G.
The surge of interest about mindfulness meditation is associated with a growing empirical evidence about its impact on the mind and body. Yet, despite promising phenomenological or psychological models of mindfulness, a general mechanistic understanding of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Perception and Communication, Warnings, Operating Instructions Source Type: news

Health Tip: Take Breaks to Recharge
-- Toiling straight through the work day isn't good for your mind or your body, the American Psychological Association says. The association recommends taking regular breaks to refuel and help alleviate stress. Here are its suggestions for including... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - February 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Yoga regimen reduces severity of rheumatoid arthritis symptoms
(IOS Press) According a study published in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, eight weeks of intensive yoga practice significantly decreases the severity of physical and psychological symptoms in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a debilitating chronic auto-immune inflammatory disease. Marked improvements were seen in the levels of certain inflammatory biomarkers and assessments of functional status and disease activity in patients studied, demonstrating yoga's promotive, preventive, curative, and rehabilitative potential for achieving optimal health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Even psychological placebos have an effect
(University of Basel) Placebo effects do not only occur in medical treatment -- placebos can also work when psychological effects are attributed to them. Psychologists from the University of Basel reported these findings in the journal Scientific Reports, based on three studies with over 400 participants. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Book Review: Clinical Applications of the Polyvagal Theory
Clinical Applications of the Polyvagal Theory is another work in the Norton series on interpersonal neurobiology. I have come to believe that at least three theories are indispensable in learning and understanding how and why we behave the way we do — attribution theory, attachment theory, and our underlying physiology of safety, called the polyvagal theory. The polyvagal theory was developed by Stephen Porges and presented to the Society for Psychophysiological Research in 1994. The theory takes into account how our autonomic nervous system is constantly working to keep us safe. Very simply, the components are our ...
Source: Psych Central - February 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stan Rockwell, PsyD Tags: Anxiety Book Reviews Disorders General Memory and Perception Mindfulness Neuroscience Panic Disorder Personal Stories Psychological Assessment Psychology Psychotherapy PTSD Relationships & Love Relaxation and Meditation Traum Source Type: news

Will I, wont I? Factors associated with self-reported prediction of future indulgence in intimate partner violence among adolescents in South India - Abdulkader RS, Sathiyamoorthy K, Jeyashree K.
Introduction Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to acts of physical/sexual violence, emotional/psychological abuse and controlling behaviour by a current or former intimate partner. Understanding the attitudes and perspectives of adolescents towards IP... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Psychological well-being in non-dependent active elderly individuals and its relationship with self-esteem and self-efficacy - Mesa-Fern ández M, Pérez-Padilla J, Nunes C, Menéndez S.
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem in non-dependent individuals over the age of 60. The participants included 148 seniors between 60 and 96 years of age. Data were collected... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Understanding emergency response: lessons learned from the helping literature - Whitmer DE, LaGoy MR, Sims VK.
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the need for collaboration between two areas of research: classical psychological helping behaviours and emergency warnings. A large-scale disaster (i.e., the Chicago Heat Wave) is used throughout the paper as an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

The psychological scars of suicide: Accounting for how risk for suicidal behavior is heightened by its past occurrence - Liu RT.
Not only is suicidal behavior strongly predicted by its past occurrence, but the risk for recurrence appears to increase with each subsequent attempt. The current paper discusses a potential explanation for this phenomenon, that suicide attempts may leave ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The experience of intimate partner violence among older women: a narrative review - Pathak N, Dhairyawan R, Tariq S.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant public health issue globally. It has serious physical and psychological health consequences as well huge economic and social costs. With an ageing population globally, it is important to unders... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

The homicide circumplex: a new conceptual model and empirical examination - DeLisi M, Drury A, Elbert M.
PURPOSE Homicide is the most severe form of crime and one that imposes the greatest societal costs. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the homicide circumplex, a set of traits, behaviors, psychological and psychiatric features that are associ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The effect of story empathy and emotion on the psychological stability and depression of the viewer -
This study examines the influence of drama sympathy of the audience who watched the drama on the retro drama, "Respond, 1988," to the emotional and psychological stability of the consumers, and found out the relationship to depression. The results showed t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Advocating for social issues at work more likely to succeed linking morality and mission, study says
(American Psychological Association) When convincing management to consider advocating for a particular social issue, employees may think it is wise to focus on the benefits to the bottom line but making a moral argument may be a better strategy, as long as it aligns with the company's values, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Putting yourself in their shoes may make you less open to their beliefs
(Association for Psychological Science) Trying to take someone else's perspective may make you less open to their opposing views, according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Policy statements on the effects of media overlook scientific complexity
(Association for Psychological Science) As different forms of media infuse everyday life, several organizations and associations have issued public statements about the effects of media exposure. However, a scholarly review suggests that many of these statements do not accurately reflect the available evidence, offering overly simplified or one-sided accounts of the scientific research. The findings are published inAdvances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How Common is Dyscalculia?
Discussion Numerical understanding is imperative in everyday life. Even making coffee in the morning, a person considers whether she is making 1 cup or 2, and how much fluid will be in each cup. How many more days can she go without buying more coffee with the ground coffee left in the container? Other numerical skills such as telephone numbers, street addresses and locations, time and dates, and buying and selling of products and services occur all day long in people’s lives. What happens when those skills are not automatic? Dyscalculia or developmental dyscalculia (DD) is “a heterogeneous learning impairment...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - February 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Air pollution is so depressing: New study shows high levels of particulates impact mental health
(Natural News) Toxic chemicals in the air have been shown to cause cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. However, air pollution does not only cause damage to our physical well-being, but our mental health as well. A new study reported by the Science Daily shows that toxic air can cause psychological distress in humans. In the study, researchers... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - February 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How to change the minds of climate deniers
Recent polls have found the number of people who believe climate change is real has jumped. What convinced them?For some people, the awakening comes in science class.Inthe Reddit thread titled “Former climate change deniers, what changed your mind?” the most popular comment comes from chucklesthe2nd (probably not his real name). Chuck, as we’ll call him, essentially inherited his dad’s views on climate change.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 3, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Kate Yoder for Grist Tags: Climate change Environment US news Psychology Source Type: news

Book Review: Understanding the Brain
Making a cup of coffee and remembering to turn off the coffeemaker. Driving to the grocery store and not getting lost. Remembering anniversaries, birthdays, and where you were supposed to meet your friend for lunch. All of these activities require the seamless workings of the brain, and while we often take them for granted, there are even more activities that go undetected within the brain every single day. In his new book, Understanding the Brain: From Cells to Behavior to Cognition, which is an updated version of his earlier book, Dowling offers a comprehensive look at how the brain functions — from how vision occu...
Source: Psych Central - February 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Claire Nana Tags: Book Reviews Disorders General Genetics Habits Intelligence Memory and Perception Neuroscience Psychiatry Psychology Treatment Brain Function cortisol Dowling Emotions Long Term Memory neuromodulators Neurons Neurotrans Source Type: news

The truth about anxiety – without it we wouldn’t have hope
In a world so full of uncertainty it ’s little wonder so many of us feel stressed. But understanding it can change how you feelWhy do so many people these days seem so stressed out and anxious? It ’s a common question, among mental health professionals and laypeople alike, but there’s a case to be made that it’s exactly upside down. How come there’s anyone who isn ’tparalysed by anxiety, every hour of every day? After all, anxiety thrives in conditions of uncertainty – and nowadays the world is full of potential threats we don’t fully understand and can’t control.Most o...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 2, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Oliver Burkeman Tags: Health & wellbeing Life and style Society Psychology Mental health Source Type: news

Electric vehicle drivers use better strategies to counter stereotype threat linked to pro-technology than to pro-environmental identities - King N, Burgess M, Harris M.
Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) could play a crucial role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions around the world. Much research has examined the practical barriers to large-scale BEV uptake, but very little has examined the psychological barriers. The curr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Common and distinguishing historical, criminal and current environmental and psychological characteristics in male inmates with a history of suicidal and/or non-suicidal self-injury - Barton J, Cumming SR, Samuels A, Meade T.
PURPOSE Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is distinguishable from suicide attempts (SAs) on a number of psychological and motivational factors. However, in corrective services settings, NSSI and SA are not clearly distinguished in assessment impacting... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Debt stress, psychological distress and overall health among adults in Ontario - Hamilton HA, Wickens CM, Ialomiteanu AR, Mann RE.
The objective of this study was to examine debt stress and its association with psychological distress and overall health. Data were derived from the 2014-2016 annual cycles of a cross-sectional telephone survey of the general population of adults 18 years... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Socio-demographic and psychological risk factors for suicidal behavior among individuals with anorexia and bulimia nervosa: a systematic review - Goldstein A, Gvion Y.
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and is also elevated in bulimia nervosa (BN). We carried out a systematic review in which we analyzed the relationship between AN and/or BN and suicidality... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news