Physical and psychosocial factors associated with psychostimulant use in a nationally representative sample of French adolescents: specificities of cocaine, amphetamine, and ecstasy use - C éline B, François B, Stanislas S.
PURPOSE: Patterns of psychostimulant (PST) use, psychological and physical factors, and family relationships were investigated in a nationally representative sample of adolescents. The differences between users of cocaine (Cc), ecstasy/MDMA, and amphetamin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The effect of death education on fear of death amongst Italian adolescents: a nonrandomized controlled study - Testoni I, Ronconi L, Cupit IN, Nodari E, Bormolini G, Ghinassi A, Messeri D, Cordioli C, Zamperini A.
This study describes the psychological effects of death education in reducing the fear of death in a large cohort of Italian adolescents. Following the constructs of "distal defenses" and "mortality salience" of Terror Management Theory, this research inte... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The relation of abuse to physical and psychological health in adults with developmental disabilities - Hughes RB, Robinson-Whelen S, Raymaker D, Lund EM, Oschwald M, Katz M, Starr A, Ashkenazy E, Powers LE, Nicolaidis C.
BACKGROUND: People with developmental disabilities are at disproportionately high risk of abuse. Although considerable evidence exists on the health-related consequences of abuse in the general population, little is known about those consequences in people... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Merck's original "Ecstasy" now a deadly mixture of cocaine, heroin, LSD, and rat poison, sold as party drug "MDMA"
(Natural News) Just before WWI began, an evil pharmaceutical firm you may have heard of called Merck accidentally developed a psychotherapy drug that was originally supposed to serve as an appetite suppressor for soldiers, but it failed miserably. That drug later served other purposes. After World War II, the U.S. Army used MDMA for their psychological... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Only empathy can break the cycle of violence in Israel-Palestine | Simon Baron-Cohen
I ’ve spent my career studying empathy. It’s a vital first step in conflicts where both sides have dehumanised each otherEmpathy is all about imagining other minds, appreciating that different people have different perspectives, and responding to their thoughts and feelings with an appropriate emotion. After a career studying autism and the nature of empathy, I see empathy as one of our most valuable natural resources. It has particular promise as an approach to conflict resolution, one that has advantages over viewing a problem through a chiefly military, economic or legal lens.We can see this if we look at th...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 22, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Simon Baron-Cohen Tags: Psychology Israel Palestinian territories Middle East and North Africa Society Politics World news Source Type: news

How psychological science is benefiting the world
(Association for Psychological Science) Technological advances have allowed psychological scientists to measure everything from cognitive impairments to everyday decision-making. Now, the scientists are using their research to inform tools, programs, and interventions that are helping to cultivate a healthier, happier, and more sustainable world. More than 25 psychological researchers address this question in a special issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science. The scientists write about expanding their research beyond academic articles to applying them to the betterment of society and the environment. (Source: EurekA...
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Will future psychologists be...robots?
(Natural News) That’s, at least, what certain experts predict. After all, it is only the natural step forward after social companion robots — a technology that is only gaining popularity as more people attempt to fill the void in their lives with a non-human “human.” The concept of a robot psychologist might seem off-putting to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Analysis on the relationship between occupational stress factors and psychological stress reaction among petrochemical workers - Yu B, Zhu XJ, Ding BM, Xiao P, Wang HF.
Objective: Analyze the detection rates of occupational contraindication and suspected occupational disease from the employee exposure to noise and describe the distribution characteristics. Methods: According to the Technical Specifications f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A compassionate self is a true self? Self-compassion promotes subjective authenticity - Zhang JW, Chen S, Tomova TK, Bilgin B, Chai WJ, Ramis T, Shaban-Azad H, Razavi P, Nutankumar T, Manukyan A.
Theory and research converge to suggest that authenticity predicts positive psychological adjustment. Given these benefits of authenticity, there is a surprising dearth of research on the factors that foster authenticity. Five studies help fill this gap by... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Effects of walking in a forest on young women - Song C, Ikei H, Kagawa T, Miyazaki Y.
The effects of forest activities on health promotion have received increasing attention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological and psychological effects of brief walks in forests on young women. The experiments were conducted in 6 forests... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Mental disorders and the risk of adult violent and psychological victimisation: a prospective, population-based study - Christ C, Ten Have M, de Graaf R, van Schaik DJF, Kikkert MJ, Dekker JJM, Beekman ATF.
AimsPsychiatric patients are at increased risk to become victim of violence. It remains unknown whether subjects of the general population with mental disorders are at risk of victimisation as well. In addition, it remains unclear whether the risk of victi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Parallel-process trajectories of exposure to violence and psychological distress among justice-involved youth - Reid JA, Loughran TA.
BACKGROUND: Researchers have raised awareness of high levels of violence exposure among justice-involved adolescents and its association with psychological distress, yet the relationship between the violence and psychological distress has rarely been studi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Refugee students' psychological wellbeing and experiences in the Australian education system: a mixed-methods investigation - Ziaian T, Anstiss H, Puvimanasinghe T, Miller E.
OBJECTIVEs Refugee children and adolescents are widely acknowledged to experience multiple disadvantages that place them at increased risk of poor education and employment outcomes, which in turn affect their mental health and well-being. The aim of this s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The role of social support, being present, and self-kindness in university student psychological distress - Stallman HM, Ohan JL, Chiera B.
OBJECTIVE Self-kindness, which is thought to be part of self-compassion, has the potential to contribute to mental health, as well as serve as a focus for interventions. However, little attention has been given to the potential role of self-kindness specif... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Influences on psychological well-being and ill-being in older women - Tan WH, Sheffield J, Khoo SK, Byrne G, Pachana NA.
OBJECTIVES To examine factors contributing to psychological well-being and ill-being in older Australian women. METHODS A multi-variable model examining personality traits, life events, medical diagnoses, and cognitive appraisal was tested on 296 w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Risk factors for depression: an autobiographical review - Hammen C.
I have been given a priceless opportunity to reflect on my career in the remarkably productive field of risk factors for depression. Psychological research on depression exploded in the early years of my work. I try to give an account of the choices and ch... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Lower psychological distress levels among returnees compared with evacuees after the Fukushima nuclear accident - Murakami M, Takebayashi Y, Tsubokura M.
Psychological distress has become a serious health risk after the Fukushima nuclear accident. Although, following the lifting of evacuation orders, the affected people have started returning home, their current status of psychological distress has not been... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Media coverage, forecasted posttraumatic stress symptoms, and psychological responses before and after an approaching hurricane - Thompson RR, Holman EA, Silver RC.
IMPORTANCE: Exposure to disaster-related media coverage is associated with negative mental health outcomes. However, risk factors that render individuals vulnerable to this exposure are unknown. Hurricane-associated media exposure was expected to explain t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Inflammation and posttraumatic stress disorder - Hori H, Kim Y.
While posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is currently diagnosed based solely on classic psychological and behavioral symptoms, a growing body of evidence has highlighted a link between this disorder and alterations in the immune and inflammatory systems.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Long-term effects of psychological symptoms after occupational injury on return to work: a 6-year follow-up - Chu PC, Chin WS, Guo YL, Shiao JS.
Psychological factors may compromise return to work among workers with occupational injuries, and little is known about the long-term consequences of psychological symptoms relating to return to work. The study examined the impact of psychological symptoms... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Physical functioning and psychological morbidity among regional and rural cancer survivors: A report from a regional cancer centre - Lashbrook M, Bernardes CM, Kirshbaum MN, Valery PC.
OBJECTIVE To identify factors associated with psychosocial, physical and practical difficulties of daily living and distress among cancer survivors from a regional area in Australia. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Riverina region of southern New Sou... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Self-efficacy in people with spinal cord injury: analyzing the differences in psychological well-being dimensions - Suri á R, Ortigosa JM.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of self-efficacy with psychological well-being in people with spinal cord injury. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 94 individuals older than 18 years with spinal cord injury caused by a traffic accident p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Suicide exposure and impact within a non-representative Australian community sample - Maple M, Sanford R.
This article aims to investigate this impact among 3010 community residing Australian adults. An online survey investigated the burden of exposure to suicide, psychological distress... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Principles and challenges of applying epigenetic epidemiology to psychology - Jones MJ, Moore SR, Kobor MS.
The interplay of genetically driven biological processes and environmental factors is a key driver of research questions spanning multiple areas of psychology. A nascent area of research focuses on the utility of epigenetic marks in capturing this intersec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The Checkup: Helping Children Conquer Chronic Pain
There is strong evidence for using psychological treatment for chronic pain, but that does not mean the pain isn ’ t real. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: PERRI KLASS, M.D. Tags: Children and Childhood Pain Anxiety and Stress Psychology and Psychologists Parenting Therapy and Rehabilitation Nerves and Nervous System Physical Therapy Source Type: news

The New Health Care: Stuck and Stressed: The Health Costs of Traffic
The physical and psychological toll of brutal commutes can be considerable. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: AUSTIN FRAKT Tags: Roads and Traffic Commuting Anxiety and Stress Domestic Violence Congestion Pricing Source Type: news

Study to look at a dog's emotional attachment to toys
Does your dog have an attachment to toys? If so, researchers from the University of Bristol Vet School and School of Psychological Science want to hear from dog owners for a new study on pets' attachment to toys. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - January 21, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Veterinary School, Faculty of Life Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, School of Psychological Science; Press Release Source Type: news

Workplace design impacts employee well-being and creativity
Improving employee well-being has long been a hot topic among business leaders, but the conversation is usually limited to physical wellness — that’s why so many new office spaces include amenities like free snacks, fitness centers, and play areas. Employers need to recognize how the work environment can also affect staff members’ mental health, which studies show has a direct connection to creativity and, in turn, company growth a nd prosperity. According to the American Psychological Association… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - January 21, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: OstermanCron Source Type: news

Workplace design impacts employee well-being and creativity
Improving employee well-being has long been a hot topic among business leaders, but the conversation is usually limited to physical wellness — that’s why so many new office spaces include amenities like free snacks, fitness centers, and play areas. Employers need to recognize how the work environment can also affect staff members’ mental health, which studies show has a direct connection to creativity and, in turn, company growth a nd prosperity. According to the American Psychological Association… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - January 21, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: OstermanCron Source Type: news

My house burnt down two days before Christmas. I lost everything, and gained so much | Matt Herbert
We got out alive, and my life has been transformed. This is nothing but a great opportunity to help other peopleIt was 4am. I awoke. I had already decided I wouldn ’t walk this morning. After hours spent traipsing around Northland the previous night trying to complete last-minute Christmas shopping with my eldest daughter, I needed rest. But I couldn’t settle.I got up quietly, trying not to disturb my sleeping wife, and went through to the living room. I sat at the dining table and started watching YouTube on my laptop. Normally I would wear my headphones, but this morning I simply turned the volume down low. I...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 21, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Matt Herbert Tags: Life and style Melbourne Christmas Australia news Psychology Science Source Type: news

The ‘mega monk’ who wants us to slow down and embrace our imperfections
Haemin Sunim is the Buddhist monk whose hugely successful self-care advice books have made him a celebrityWhen a smart caf é opened in his neighbourhood in New York, where he used to live, Buddhist monk and bestselling author Haemin Sunim went along to sample the delicious-looking cake. Hearing the prices, however, he balked and ordered just tea instead – but that cake stayed in his mind all afternoon. The next day, he was still thinking about it, and the day after that until, finally, he had to go back and treat himself. The verdict? “It was delicious but not extraordinarily delicious,” he writes ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 20, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Anna Moore Tags: Buddhism Life and style Books Psychology Science Health & wellbeing Culture Religion Source Type: news

How to break a Brexit deadlock: 'keep going, be flexible ... and listen'
Whether it be a hijack, kidnap or siege situation, negotiation is an art. Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn take noteWestminster is in deadlock. The progress of Theresa May ’s withdrawal agreement has stalled in parliament, where a majority of MPs are opposed to it.Jeremy Corbyn has refused to enter talks with the prime minister until she rules out a no-deal Brexit, a demand she describes as “an impossible condition”. So how do our political representatives get themselves out of this impasse?“Negotiation is an art, not a science,” says Dr J Simon Rofe, a reader in diplomatic and international stud...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 19, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Frances Perraudin Tags: Brexit Politics UK news European Union Jeremy Corbyn Theresa May Psychology Article 50 Foreign policy Source Type: news

Cluttered rooms stress us out - and 'Tidying up' does calm our minds, psychologist says  
Whether you use famed organization expert Marie Kondo's method or another, getting rid of clutter can promote better mental health, a University of Massachusetts psychologist explains. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How positive psychology help students
School district uses a program that encourages a positive outlook to boost academic performance. (Source: PsycPORT.com)
Source: PsycPORT.com - January 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Marie Kondo's tidying isn't just about appearances
There's a psychological and spiritual upside to decluttering. (Source: PsycPORT.com)
Source: PsycPORT.com - January 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Study Links Drug Maker Gifts for Doctors to More Overdose Deaths
Counties where doctors got more meals, trips and consulting fees from opioid makers had higher overdose deaths involving prescription opioids. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: ABBY GOODNOUGH Tags: Opioids and Opiates Pain-Relieving Drugs Conflicts of Interest Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Addiction (Psychology) Doctors Advertising and Marketing Epidemics Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Stress may raise the risk of Alzheimer's disease
A Danish population-based study finds a strong link between psychological distress and the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - January 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alzheimer's / Dementia Source Type: news

How are YOUR New Year's resolutions going? These 6 tips could help you stay on track
Dr Meg Arroll, is a psychologist for wellbeing brand Healthspan and author of The Shrinkology Solution. Here she explores research-backed tips to keeping New Year ’s resolutions. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sexist? Bigoted? Aren ’t we all? | Oliver Burkeman
Before we point the finger at others, maybe it ’s time to take a closer look at our own behaviourYou ’ll recall, I assume, the ancient riddle about the father and son rushed to casualty after a car crash, where the surgeon, taking one look at the boy, declares, “I can’t operate on him, he’s my son!” As a way of making a point about sexism, this doesn’t really work any more: the twist or “solution” to the riddle (how is this possible?) is meant to be that the surgeon is his mother – but as many a smart aleck has noted, why not his other father?Still, there are echo...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 18, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Oliver Burkeman Tags: Health & wellbeing Life and style Psychology Source Type: news

Marie Kondo: The psychological benefits of tidying up
Marie Kondo's tidying trend has benefits beyond clearing up space in your home. Decluttering also raises self-esteem, lifts moods, brings peace and improves lives, according to experts. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Criminogenic factors associated with youth sex offenders : a qualitative interdisciplinary case study evaluation - Jordaan J, Hesselink A.
The reasons for and onset of sexual offending behaviour are multi-faceted and fluctuate from social (deviant peers), environmental (violent neighbourhood), to personal (psychological detachment) reasons or criminogenic factors. In turn, criminogenic factor... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

In #MeToo age, APA has new guidelines for psychologists talking about masculinity
New American Psychology Association guidelines offer psychologists new ways to talk about masculinity with male patients. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

APA has new guidelines for psychologists talking about traditional masculinity
New American Psychology Association guidelines offer psychologists new ways to talk about masculinity with male patients. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

In the #MeToo age, APA has new guidelines for psychologists talking about masculinity
New American Psychology Association guidelines offer psychologists new ways to talk about masculinity with male patients. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Short Takes
Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Chairman Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) has announced that she will be holding hearings on climate change next year. "Where we have a role, I want the energy committee to be playing a role," she said referring to reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Murkowski also expressed her support for scientists at the American Geophysical Union's fall meeting in Washington, DC, saying "Know that you've got an advocate in me for the geosciences in Congress." According to the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED), an annual survey of research degree recipients, U.S. institutions...
Source: Public Policy Reports - January 17, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

Why clinical psychology needs to engage in community-based approaches to mental health - Rhodes P, Langtiw C.
The aim of this article is to advocate for clinical psychology to engage with community-based approaches to mental health. This engagement will be challenging given community work is antithetical to the individualism that defines much of clinical psycholog... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Applying fractional split model to examine the effects of roadway geometric and traffic characteristics on speeding behavior - Afghari AP, Haque MM, Washington S.
OBJECTIVE: The speed selection behavior of drivers has been reported to vary across driver demographics, psychological attributes, and vehicle-specific factors. In contrast, the effects of roadway geometric, traffic characteristics, and site-specific facto... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

What makes moral disgust special? An integrative functional review - Giner-Sorolla R, Kupfer T, Sabo J, Olson JM.
We present here an integrative look at the literature, organized according to the four functions of emotion proposed by integrat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Rescuing rescuers: tackling PTSD in emergency workers
Initiatives aim to raise awareness of the psychological effects of witnessing trauma (Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare)
Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare - January 17, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Public response to suicide news reports as reflected in computerized text analysis of online reader comments - Rosen G, Kreiner H, Levi-Belz Y.
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented the rise in rates of suicidal behaviors following media reports of celebrity suicide. Whereas most research has focused on documenting and analyzing suicide rates, little is known about more subtle psychological... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news