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Autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder share molecular traits, study finds
Most medical disorders have well-defined physical characteristics seen in tissues, organs and bodily fluids. Psychiatric disorders, in contrast, are not defined by such pathology, but rather by behavior.A UCLA-led study,publishedin Science, has found that autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder share some physical characteristics — and important differences — at the molecular level, specifically, patterns of gene expression in the brain. Gene expression is the process by which instructions in DNA are converted into a product, such as a protein.“These findings provide a molecular, pathological signature...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - February 8, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Women Fare Worse Than Men After a Stroke
(Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cardiology, Family Medicine, Gynecology, Neurology, Nursing, Psychiatry, News, Source Type: news

Positive Age Beliefs May Protect Seniors Against Dementia
In APOE ε 4 carriers, those with positive age beliefs were less likely to develop dementia (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Internal Medicine, Neurology, Pathology, Psychiatry, Geriatrics, Journal, Source Type: news

Updated Review Confirms Worse Stroke Outcomes for Women
More activity limitations and worse health - related quality of life based on studies from 2007 onward (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cardiology, Family Medicine, Geriatrics, Internal Medicine, Neurology, Pathology, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

Alcohol Use Disorder Registration Impacts Risk for Spouse
Large increase in AUD registration risk in married individuals following first AUD registration in spouse (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

WHO calls for sustainable solution to health sector power shortages in Gaza
8 February, 2018, Gaza Strip – Gaza’s health sector was on the verge of collapse due to dwindling fuel supplies until the United Arab Emirates stepped in this week with a US$2 million grant to sustain hospital backup generators for critical health services. The donation will provide enough fuel to keep facilities running for several months.  “The UAE’s timely support will save lives, but a more sustainable solution is required to address the chronic fuel and power shortages in Gaza that leave health facilities consistently on the verge of closure,” says Dr. Gerald Rockenschaub, Head of W...
Source: WHO EMRO News - February 8, 2018 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

Medical News Today: How to stay motivated
Are you struggling to stay motivated? We've put together some information for you on how to maintain motivation and why it is so important to do so. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - February 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychology / Psychiatry Source Type: news

Book Review: A Parent ’ s Guide to Teen Addiction
It’s true in this country that we do have a war on drugs. But for many parents, that war is waging in their own home with their own teenagers. According to Laurence Westreich, MD, who is an addiction expert, father, and author of A Parent’s Guide to Teen Addiction: Professional Advice on Signs, Symptoms, What to Say, and How to Help, defeating an enemy that is larger and more powerful than us will require unconventional tactics. The first step is to know who the enemy is. “Always remember that substance abuse – NOT your teenager – is the enemy,” writes Westreich. What teen...
Source: Psych Central - February 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Claire Nana Tags: Addictions Book Reviews Caregivers Children and Teens Family Parenting Self-Help Substance Abuse child addiction get help for addiction parenting guide Teen Addiction teenager addiction Source Type: news

Gene Expression Overlaps Among Psychiatric Disorders
Transcriptional profiling of post-mortem human brains reveals commonalities in the genes over- and under-expressed in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism, and major depression. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - February 8, 2018 Category: Science Tags: Daily News,News & Opinion Source Type: news

Health Tip: Handle a Child ’ s Traumatic Stress
(Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Pediatrics, Psychiatry, FYI, Source Type: news

Targeted training leads to significant increase in the delivery of alcohol interventions in primary care, new study shows
New research published today (8 February) shows a marked increase in the delivery of alcohol brief interventions in primary care settings where nurse mentors are specifically trained, bringing significant benefits to those at risk of alcohol harm. The research, funded by Alcohol Research UK and conducted by Substance Misuse Management Good Practice (SMMGP), highlights the key role that nurse mentors can play in leading the implementation of alcohol brief interventions. By offering brief advice to those at risk, clinicians are able to advise patients on effective strategies to reduce their drinking. Key findings from the st...
Source: Alcohol Research UK - February 8, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Julie Symes Tags: News brief interventions identification and brief advice Source Type: news

UCLA study sheds light on genetic overlap between major psychiatric disorders
(University of California - Los Angeles) Most medical conditions are largely defined by their physical symptoms. Psychiatric illnesses, however, are largely defined by a person's behavior. A UCLA-led study challenges that distinction, identifying many shared -- and distinct -- patterns of gene expression in the brains of people with autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The data hint at potential targets that may one day lead to new treatment approaches. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Acne can increase the risk of depression
Research shows people are more at risk during the first years after the condition appears. (Source: PsycPORT.com)
Source: PsycPORT.com - February 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Prazosin Doesn ’ t Alleviate Distressing Dreams in PTSD
For veterans with chronic PTSD, no significant difference in distressing dreams, sleep quality (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Pharmacy, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

Psychiatrists begin to map genetic architecture of mental disorders
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - February 8, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Dengler, R. Tags: Genetics, Medicine, Diseases, Neuroscience In Depth Source Type: news

Shared molecular neuropathology across major psychiatric disorders parallels polygenic overlap
The predisposition to neuropsychiatric disease involves a complex, polygenic, and pleiotropic genetic architecture. However, little is known about how genetic variants impart brain dysfunction or pathology. We used transcriptomic profiling as a quantitative readout of molecular brain-based phenotypes across five major psychiatric disorders—autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and alcoholism—compared with matched controls. We identified patterns of shared and distinct gene-expression perturbations across these conditions. The degree of sharing of transcriptional dysregulation is related to polyge...
Source: ScienceNOW - February 8, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Gandal, M. J., Haney, J. R., Parikshak, N. N., Leppa, V., Ramaswami, G., Hartl, C., Schork, A. J., Appadurai, V., Buil, A., Werge, T. M., Liu, C., White, K. P., CommonMind Consortium, PsychENCODE Consortium, iPSYCH-BROAD Working Group, Horvath, S., Geschw Tags: Genetics reports Source Type: news

Genes overlap across psychiatric disease
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - February 8, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Zahn, L. M. Tags: Genetics twis Source Type: news

FDA Wants to Work with Providers on Opioid Issue
(MedPage Today) -- Trying to write policy that works is difficult, says Gottlieb (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - February 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Did Robin Williams ’ Suicide Spur ‘ Copycat ’ Acts?
(Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Geriatrics, News, Source Type: news

Depressed Rural HIV Patients May Benefit From Therapy Via Phone
Telephone - administered interpersonal psychotherapy associated with fewer depressive symptoms (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Psychiatry, AIDS, Journal, Source Type: news

Fetal Alcohol Disorder Rates Far Higher Than Earlier Estimates Fetal Alcohol Disorder Rates Far Higher Than Earlier Estimates
An NIAAA-funded study of more than 6600 first-graders estimates the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders at 11 to 50 per 1000 children, which is much greater than previous estimates.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - February 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Depression Risk with Acne:'More Than Skin Deep '
(MedPage Today) -- Physicians should monitor mood symptoms in patients with acne (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - February 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Tanzania:90-Year Old Psychiatric Hospital Set for Major Renovation
[Citizen] Dar es Salaam -The 90-year old national psychiatric facility, Mirembe Hospital which is located in Dodoma, is set to undergo major renovation as part of the government's response to the rising cases of people with mental health disorders, the parliament heard on Tuesday. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 7, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Does meditation really make us better people?
A new study questions the popular assumption that meditation and mindfulness practices help us develop pro-social behavior and become kinder human beings. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - February 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychology / Psychiatry Source Type: news

Medical News Today: How to stop catastrophizing
A look at catastrophizing and how to stop it. Included is detail on the related psychiatric conditions, medical treatments, and the outlook. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - February 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Mental Health Source Type: news

Male susceptibility to autism linked to male hormones in early-stage brain development
(Elsevier) Exposure to androgens (male hormones) during brain development alters genes related to autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a new study published in Biological Psychiatry. Using male human cells, researchers at the University of Strasbourg, France, identified key genes that are regulated by testosterone and that contribute to the risk for autism, generating important insight into how male hormones might contribute to the increased male susceptibility to ASD. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Kratom Now an Opioid, FDA Says Kratom Now an Opioid, FDA Says
A new analysis by FDA scientists provides strong evidence that compounds in kratom act like prescription-strength opioids.News Alerts (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - February 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Alert Source Type: news

Tread Lightly When Analyzing Trump's Mental Health
(MedPage Today) -- Armchair psychiatry is disrespectful to those who are really suffering, writes Michael Kirsch, MD (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - February 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Pelzman's Picks: Challenges of Treating Opioid Addiction
(MedPage Today) -- Also, making the most of your physician visit (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - February 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

In Nursing Homes, Socialization Key for Those with Dementia (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Person-centered care improved quality of life, agitation, neuropsychiatric symptoms (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - February 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Substantial Unmet Need for Mental Health Care for Veterans
Lack of awareness about how to connect with Veterans Affairs for mental health care identified (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry, Institutional, Source Type: news

Transgender Youth Get Fewer Preventive Health Services
Transgender and gender nonconforming youth also report poorer general health (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

Deep Brain Stimulation May Slow Alzheimer's Deep Brain Stimulation May Slow Alzheimer's
Research into DBS for Alzheimer's has focused on brain regions involved in memory. A new study shows using it in frontal behavioral and cognitive neural networks may slow decline in executive function.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Birth of the Developmental Risk Factor Model of Psychosis Birth of the Developmental Risk Factor Model of Psychosis
This paper traces the evolution of the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia and the roads which led to the Developmental Risk Factor Model, linking risk factors to psychotic symptoms.Schizophrenia Bulletin (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry Journal Article Source Type: news

Magnetic brain stimulation alters negative emotion perception
(Elsevier) A new study published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging reports that processing of negative emotion can be strengthened or weakened by tuning the excitability of the right frontal part of the brain. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How brain ’s reward system lessened distress over 2016 election results
Some people disturbed by the 2016 presidential election have suffered a loss of appetite, trouble sleeping and concentrating, and have become easily annoyed, while others equally disturbed by the election result have not experienced such symptoms of depression. A new study by UCLA psychologists explains the differences between these two groups.Those who had no symptoms of depression had either strong family support or heightened activity in two key regions of the brain ’s reward system: the nucleus accumbens and the medial prefrontal cortex.“This is the first study to show this buffering effect of the brain wor...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - February 5, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Severe Postnatal Depression Doubles Child Behavioral Problems Severe Postnatal Depression Doubles Child Behavioral Problems
Children born to mothers with severe, persistent postnatal depression have twice the risk for behavioral disturbances compared to their counterparts whose mothers are not depressed.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Book Review: The DBT Solution for Emotional Eating
Do you eat because you are hungry? While our automatic response may be “yes, of course,” many of us, in fact, eat due to stress or to deal with other unwanted emotions. The truth is, the choice to eat is not always about physical hunger. Perhaps the biggest challenge with a food addiction is that it is relatively acceptable when compared with other substance addictions. It is possible to be an emotional eater without anyone ever knowing about it. It does not impact your ability to drive a car, and likely will not result in financial ruin. Coworkers probably won’t notice because they, too, are grabbing don...
Source: Psych Central - February 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tina Arnoldi Tags: Addictions Binge Eating Book Reviews Bulimia DBT Eating Disorders Mindfulness Self-Help Stress eating and DBT eating better eating mindfulness Emotional Eating Source Type: news

New Toronto research hub to focus on developmental disabilities and mental illness
One of Canada's most high-profile mental health treatment centres says it's opening a new research hub that will focus on the needs of people with both developmental disabilities and psychiatric conditions. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - February 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Toronto Source Type: news

Bullying in public psychiatry - Brown P.
Bullying of patients is endemic in public psychiatry. I repeatedly encountered it in my locum travels. Aggression of staff members, not infrequently unconscious, based in personal and system dynamics (managerialism) as much as patient dynamics, not only... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Validation of the Community Integration Scale for Adults with Psychiatric Disorders (CIS-APP-34) - Cabral J, Carvalho CB, da Motta C, Sousa M.
The current focus on community integration of individuals with psychiatric problems is attracting an increasing interest in the psychological literature, as it is regarded as a favorable factor in the recovery and for the well-being of these individuals. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Appointment reminders to decrease 30-day readmission rates to inpatient psychiatric hospitals - Habit NF, Johnson E, Edlund BJ.
PURPOSE OF PROJECT: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to reduce 30-day readmission rates to inpatient psychiatric hospitals by standardizing discharge processes by including scheduling outpatient psychiatric appointments for all patients ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

A longitudinal study of women's depression symptom profiles during and after the postpartum phase - Fox M, Sandman CA, Davis EP, Glynn LM.
BACKGROUND: An issue of critical importance for psychiatry and women's health is whether postpartum depression (PPD) represents a unique condition. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders asserts that major depressive disorder (MDD) may p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

An imbalance of approach and effortful control predicts externalizing problems: support for extending the dual-systems model into early childhood - Jonas K, Kochanska G.
Although the association between deficits in effortful control and later externalizing behavior is well established, many researchers (Nigg Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(3-4), 395-422, 2006; Steinberg Developmental Review, 28(1), 78-106, 2... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Weekday and seasonal patterns in psychiatric referrals in three major London A & E departments, 2012-2014 - Dove J, Mistry A, Werbeloff N, Osborn D, Turjanski N.
Aims and method To identify temporal and demographic trends in referrals made to psychiatric liaison services. Routine clinical data from 16 105 individual referrals from three central London accident and emergency (A&E) departments to psychiatric liaison ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The five-year costs and benefits of extended psychological and psychiatric assessment versus standard intake interview for women with comorbid substance use disorders treated in compulsory care in Sweden - Olsson TM, Fridell M.
BACKGROUND: Women with comorbid substance use disorders are an extremely vulnerable group having an increased relative risk of negative outcomes such as incarceration, morbidity and mortality. In Sweden, women with comorbid substance use disorders may be p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Inhibitory control of the excitatory/inhibitory balance in psychiatric disorders - Selten M, van Bokhoven H, Nadif Kasri N.
Neuronal networks consist of different types of neurons that all play their own role in order to maintain proper network function. The two main types of neurons segregate in excitatory and inhibitory neurons, which together regulate the flow of information... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Young adult outcomes for children with 22q11 deletion syndrome and comorbid ADHD - Taylor LE, Kates WR, Fremont W, Antshel KM.
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a common microdeletion syndrome associated with a variety of negative health, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. 22q11DS is comorbid with many psychiatric disorders including attention-deficit/... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Novel genetic variants for ADHD linked to educational attainment
(Elsevier) A study published in the February 2018 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP) reports that five novel genetic variants associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been identified by exploiting genetic overlap between ADHD and educational attainment. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Do You Screen Patients for Depression?
(MedPage Today) -- Many dermatologists may not (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - February 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news