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No Evidence of Persistence or Inheritance of Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number in Holocaust Survivors and Their Descendants.
In this study, we used qPCR to quantify mtDNA copy number in 15 Holocaust survivors and 102 of their second- and third-generation descendants from the Czech Republic, many of whom suffer from PTSD, and compared them to controls in the respective generations. We found no significant difference in mtDNA copy number in the Holocaust survivors compared to controls, whether they have PTSD or not, and no significant elevation in descendants of female Holocaust survivors as compared to descendants of male survivors or controls. Our results showed no evidence of persistence or inheritance of mtDNA changes in Holocaust survivors, t...
Source: Genomics Proteomics ... - March 28, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Cai N, Fňašková M, Konečná K, Fojtová M, Fajkus J, Coomber E, Watt S, Soranzo N, Preiss M, Rektor I Tags: Front Genet Source Type: research
Meta ‐analysis of Associations Between Hypothalamic‐Pituitary‐Adrenal Axis Genes and Risk of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
AbstractThe hypothalamic ‐pituitary‐adrenal (HPA) axis has been of interest in attempts to identify genetic vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although numerous HPA‐axis genes have been implicated in candidate gene studies, the findings are mixed and interpretation is limited by study design and m ethodological inconsistencies. To address these inconsistencies in the PTSD candidate gene literature, we conducted meta‐analyses of HPA‐related genes from both a traditional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)–level analysis and a gene‐level analysis, using novel methods aggregating marker...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Christina M. Sheerin, Mackenzie J. Lind, Kaitlin E. Bountress, Marisa E. Marraccini, Ananda B. Amstadter, Silviu ‐Alin Bacanu, Nicole R. Nugent Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Women's Sexual Desire, Trauma Exposure, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
AbstractResearch suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with sexual dysfunction; however, there is a paucity of research examining the relations among trauma exposure, PTSD, and low sexual desire, specifically. Thus, the goal of the present study was to investigate whether women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD;n = 132) were more likely to meet criteria for a diagnosis of current or lifetime PTSD relative to women with no sexual desire concerns (n = 137). We also sought to compare the type, frequency, and intensity of PTSD symptoms between the two groups. Finally, we examined whether w...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Julia I. O'Loughlin, Lori A. Brotto Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Effects of Narrative Exposure Therapy on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Insomnia in Traumatized North Korean Refugee Youth
AbstractRefugees affected by multiple traumatic stressors are at high risk for developing trauma ‐related mental disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and insomnia, which is sometimes overlooked. The present study examined the effectiveness of narrative exposure therapy (NET) on trauma‐related symptoms in a sample of North Korean refugee youth. We focused on sleep patterns in addition to changes in symptom severity for PTSD, depression, and internalizing and externalizing symptoms. North Korean refugee youth (N = 20) with PTSD were assigned to either an NET ‐based treatment group or a...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jinme K. Park, Jinah Park, Thomas Elbert, Seog Ju Kim Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research
The Impact of Depression Severity on Treatment Outcomes Among Older Male Combat Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
AbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are highly comorbid within the veteran population. Research studies have yielded divergent findings regarding the effect of depression on PTSD treatment outcomes. The present study investigated the influence of pretreatment depression severity on PTSD and depression symptom trajectories among 85 older (i.e., ≥ 60 years) male veterans with military‐related PTSD who received either prolonged exposure or relaxation training as part of a randomized controlled trial. Participants were categorized as having no/mild depression (n = 23) or moderate/severe depression ...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kristen H. Walter, Lisa H. Glassman, Stephanie Y. Wells, Steven R. Thorp, Leslie A. Morland Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
Positive Emotion Dysregulation Among Community Individuals: The Role of Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
AbstractExisting literature has provided support for an association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotion dysregulation. However, few studies have examined the relation between PTSD and emotion dysregulation that stems from positive emotions. Moreover, the role of trauma exposure, per se, on positive emotion dysregulation is unknown. Addressing these limitations, the current study compared levels of positive emotion dysregulation among (a) individuals without trauma exposure, (b) trauma ‐exposed individuals without probable PTSD, and (c) trauma‐exposed individuals with probable PTSD. Participants wer...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nicole H. Weiss, Ateka A. Contractor, Shannon R. Forkus, Svetlana Goncharenko, Alexa M. Raudales Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Childhood Traumatic Loss: A Secondary Analysis of Symptom Severity and Treatment Outcome
AbstractLoss is a commonly experienced traumatic event among children. Although the experience of loss can potentially lead to posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), little is known about PTSS levels after traumatic loss versus other traumatic events. We investigated data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on trauma ‐focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF–CBT) versus a waitlist condition for children with PTSS. In a secondary analysis, we compared participants who reported traumatic loss as their index event (n = 23) to those who reported the two most frequently reported index events in the RCT: sexual abuse...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Cedric Sachser, Rita Rosner Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Examining Insomnia During Intensive Treatment for Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Does it Improve and Does it Predict Treatment Outcomes?
AbstractPrevious research has demonstrated that sleep disturbances show little improvement with evidence ‐based psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, sleep improvements are associated with PTSD treatment outcomes. The goal of the current study was to evaluate changes in self‐reported insomnia symptoms and the association between insomnia symptoms and treatment outcome dur ing a 3‐week intensive treatment program (ITP) for veterans with PTSD that integrated cognitive processing therapy (CPT), mindfulness, yoga, and other ancillary services. As part of standard clinical procedures, veterans (...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Alyson K. Zalta, Linzy M. Pinkerton, Zerbrina Valdespino ‐Hayden, Dale L. Smith, Helen J. Burgess, Philip Held, Randy A. Boley, Niranjan S. Karnik, Mark H. Pollack Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Identifying Change Targets for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Suicidal and Self ‐Injuring Women With Borderline Personality Disorder
AbstractResearch on psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is increasingly focused on understanding not only which treatments work but why and for whom they work. The present pilot study evaluated the temporal relations between five hypothesized change targets —posttraumatic cognitions, guilt, shame, general emotion dysregulation, and experiential avoidance—and PTSD severity among women with PTSD, borderline personality disorder, and recent suicidal and/or self‐injurious behaviors. Participants (N = 26) were randomized to receive 1 year of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) with or without t...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Melanie S. Harned, Skye Fitzpatrick, Sara C. Schmidt Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research
Combat ‐Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Comorbid Major Depression in U.S. Veterans: The Role of Deployment Cycle Adversity and Social Support
AbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) commonly co ‐occur in combat veterans, and this comorbidity has been associated with higher levels of distress and more social and economic costs compared to one disorder alone. In a secondary analysis of a multisite randomized controlled trial of a sample of veterans with combat‐related PTSD, we examined t he associations among pre‐, peri‐, and postdeployment adversity, social support, and clinician‐diagnosed comorbid MDD. Participants completed the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory–II ...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elizabeth M. Goetter, Susanne S. Hoeppner, Amanda J. Khan, Meredith E. Charney, Sarah Wieman, Margaret R. Venners, Kimberly M. Avallone, Sheila A. M. Rauch, Naomi M. Simon Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Development and validation of a revised trauma-specific quality of life instrument
CONCLUSION This more practical RT-QoL measure greatly increases the ability to evaluate long-term outcomes in trauma more efficiently and meaningfully, without sacrificing the validity and psychometric properties of the original instrument. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Prognostic and epidemiological, level III. (Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care)
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - March 27, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and its Correlates Among People Living with HIV in Southern Ethiopia, an Institutionally Based Cross-Sectional Study
This study aims to assess the probable prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and associated factors among individuals living with HIV in Hawassa, Ethiopia, 2018. An institution based cross-sectional study was employed. A total of 205 HIV positive individuals who attend follow-up sessions at HIV clinics were recruited for the study through systematic sampling techniques. The presence of probable post-traumatic stress disorder was assessed by using the post-traumatic stress disorder checklist −5. The potential traumatic life events and any stressful events that occurred in participants’ lives were assessed...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Advances in PTSD Treatment Delivery: the Role of Digital Technology in PTSD Treatment
AbstractPurpose of reviewPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common mental health disorder affecting about 7% of the general population during their lifetime. PTSD typically has a chronic course, is often comorbid with other psychiatric disorders, and negatively impacts functioning and quality of life. This review examines the evidence for several digital technology –based applications being used to deliver PTSD interventions, including video telehealth, Internet-based interventions, virtual reality exposure therapy, and mobile apps.Recent findingsA number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have examined t...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - March 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
[Decrease of depression and outcome in treatment of anxiety disorders - an observational study of ROM data].
CONCLUSION: Comorbid depressive disorders were observed in almost half of the patients treated in specialized (outpatient) clinics for anxiety disorders. A slower reduction of depressive symptoms predicts worse outcome of the treatment of anxiety. PMID: 32207128 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie)
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - March 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Braam WH, Spijker J, Hendriks GJ, Vrijsen JN Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Elderly
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur at any point in the life span and can last for decades. Chronic PTSD can affect quality of life and have a negative impact on physical function and health in the elderly and may be associated with premature aging and dementia. It is critical that clinicians screen for trauma-based symptoms and to treat as appropriate. (Source: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine - March 26, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Rebekah J. Jakel Source Type: research
Complex regional pain syndrome patient immunoglobulin M has pronociceptive effects in the skin and spinal cord of tibia fracture mice
It has been proposed that complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a post-traumatic autoimmune disease. Previously, we observed that B cells are required for the full expression of CRPS-like changes in a mouse tibia fracture model and that serum immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies from fracture mice have pronociceptive effects in muMT fracture mice lacking B cells. The current study evaluated the pronociceptive effects of injecting CRPS patient serum or antibodies into muMT fracture mice by measuring hind paw allodynia and unweighting changes. Complex regional pain syndrome serum binding was measured against autoantigens pre...
Source: Pain - March 26, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Sleep disturbance underlies the co-occurrence of trauma and pediatric chronic pain: a longitudinal examination
Epidemiological and cross-sectional studies have shown that post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) are common and impairing in youth with chronic pain. Yet, the co-occurrence of PTSS and pediatric chronic pain has not been examined longitudinally, which has limited understanding of theoretically proposed mechanisms (eg, sleep disturbance) underlying the PTSS-pain relationship over time. This longitudinal study aimed to fill this gap. Participants included 138 youth (Mage = 14.29, 75% girls) referred to a tertiary-level outpatient chronic pain program and one of their parents. At baseline, youth reported their pain ...
Source: Pain - March 26, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Effectiveness of a School-Based Intervention on the Students ’ Mental Health After Exposure to War-Related Trauma
ConclusionsThe school-based counselling program was effective in decreasing the PTSD symptoms among children and adolescents after the exposure to war-traumatic events. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - March 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Under-Age Children Returning From Jihadist Group Operation Areas: How Can We Make a Diagnosis and Construct a Narrative With a Fragmentary Anamnesis?
This article is the result of clinical interviews conducted with 53 patients evaluated and taken care of at Avicenne Hospital in Bobigny. To our knowledge, no studies have been published on this subject.ResultsA total of 32 evaluations have been completed, all of which indicated the need for care for these children. Of these children, 64% are under 5 years old, and 59% were born in France. Their clinical profiles are heterogeneous and fluctuate with time.DiscussionThe multiple adverse events experienced by these children and the uniqueness of children born to families suspected by authorities of having participated in acti...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - March 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Introduction to the Special Issue: Network Analysis of Traumatic Stress
AbstractNetwork analysis has emerged as a promising new statistical methodology for traumatic stress studies. The present special issue of theJournal of Traumatic Stress amalgamates the reports of 10 studies that employed network analysis to further the field's understanding of traumatic stress. The current issue includes reports of network analyses that sought to better understand the impact of different kinds of traumatic events, including childhood and gender ‐based trauma exposure, on PTSD symptomatology as defined under theDSM ‐5 andICD ‐11, and examined the relation between PTSD symptoms and trauma ‐related d...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Paul Frewen, Meaghan O'Donnell, Wendy D'Andrea Tags: Introduction Source Type: research
Medical Surgical Nurse Self-perceived Competency in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder/Substance Use Disorder Veteran Care in a Non–Veterans Health Administration Setting
CONCLUSION Nurses caring for veterans in non-VHA facilities do not consistently identify veterans or assess for service-related conditions, including PTSD and SUD. Nurses report low skill levels related to identifying, addressing, and referring patients with service-related conditions. (Source: JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration)
Source: JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration - March 25, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Rapid progression of acute cervical syringomyelia: A case report of delayed complications following spinal cord injury.
Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first case report to summarize the delayed complications of a spinal cord injury and acute syringomyelia progression to the brainstem in a short period. The symptoms were relieved by an emergency PFD, chosen due to the rapid progression of symptoms. An atypical treatment strategy is described for extremely rare cases, but with a good short-term prognosis. PMID: 32202488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2203: Provincial Correctional Service Workers: The Prevalence of Mental Disorders
res Afifi Correctional service employees in Ontario, Canada (n = 1487) began an online survey available from 2017 to 2018 designed to assess the prevalence and correlates of mental health challenges. Participants who provided data for the current study (n = 1032) included provincial staff working in institutional wellness (e.g., nurses) (n = 71), training (e.g., program officers) (n = 26), governance (e.g., wardens) (n = 82), correctional officers (n = 553), administration (e.g., record keeping) (n = 25), and probation officers (n = 144). Correctional officers, workers in institutional administration and governance ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - March 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Carleton Ricciardelli Taillieu Mitchell Andres Afifi Tags: Article Source Type: research
Psychological Intervention and Prevention Programs for Child and Adolescent Exposure to Community Violence: A Systematic Review.
Abstract The purpose of this article is to systematically review the existing literature regarding intervention and prevention programs that ameliorate the negative effects of exposure to community violence (ECV) on children and adolescents. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review (PRISMA) Guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of the literature aimed at providing a synthesis of the extant Randomized Control Trials (RCT) and peer-reviewed empirical literature on intervention and prevention programs for those affected by ECV. Nine randomized controlled trials were identified: seven studies w...
Source: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ali-Saleh Darawshy N, Gewirtz A, Marsalis S Tags: Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev Source Type: research
Post-traumatic osteoarthritis following ACL injury
Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) develops after joint injury. Specifically, patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury have a high risk of developing PTOA. In this review, we outline the inciden... (Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy)
Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy - March 24, 2020 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Li-Juan Wang, Ni Zeng, Zhi-Peng Yan, Jie-Ting Li and Guo-Xin Ni Tags: Review Source Type: research
Growing Skull Fracture of Temporal Bone in Adults: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Abstract Growing skull fracture (GSF) is an uncommon post-traumatic complication, which accounts for approximately 0.05% to 1% of all skull fractures. Delayed diagnosis of GSF in adulthood is rare and often involved with a variety of neurological symptoms. Here, we reported an adult patient, with an interval of 17 years from initial head trauma to first diagnosis of GSF. The patient complained of short periods of fainting and bilateral visual hallucinations, with a hard palpable bulge around his right occipitomastoid suture region. Computed tomographic imaging demonstrated an arachnoid cyst extending into right ma...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - March 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yan XH, Qiu K, Gao Y, Ren J, Cheng D, Pang W, Song Y, Yang W, Yu R, Zhao Y Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
Buprenorphine: prospective novel therapy for depression and PTSD.
CONCLUSIONS: Pharmaceuticals' abilities to treat medical conditions directly relates to their ability to act upon the endogenous biological systems related to the conditions. Thus, these recent findings are likely a reflection of the central role that the endogenous opioid system has in these mental illnesses. Further studies are necessary to study the involvement of endogenous opioid systems, and specifically KOR, in mediating buprenorphine's beneficial effects and the ability to treat these medical conditions while minimizing risks for misuse and diversion. PMID: 32204739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source:...
Source: Psychological Medicine - March 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Madison CA, Eitan S Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Post-Traumatic Giant Left Ventricular Pseudoaneurysm: a Multimedia Presentation
Abstract Traumatic left ventricular pseudoaneurysms are rare and surgical correction is the treatment of choice. In this article, it is reported a case of a myocardial stab injury with primary suture and development of a giant pseudoaneurysm, five years later, that underwent surgical repair. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - March 23, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Predicting and Managing Treatment Non-response in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review aims to synthesize existing research regarding the definition of treatment resistance in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), predictors of treatment non-response to first-line interventions, and emerging second-line PTSD treatment options into an accessible resource for the practicing clinician.Recent findingsThe concept of treatment resistance in PTSD is currently poorly defined and operationalized. There are no well-established predictors of treatment non-response utilized in routine clinical care, but existing research identifies several potential candidate markers, including male ...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - March 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Overlooking Feigning Behavior May Result in Potential Harmful Treatment Interventions: Two Case Reports of Undetected Malingering.
We present two patients with strong external incentives who consistently and convincingly feigned severe psychiatric symptoms during a protracted period of inpatient observation in a specialized center; both were engaged in a procedure for medical asylum. The first case presented with the clinical picture of a psychotic depression with severe motor symptoms, and the second case showed symptoms of a chronic post-traumatic stress disorder with secondary psychotic symptoms. Both cases were thoroughly investigated but feigning was overlooked, and unnecessary and harmful treatment interventions were given. To prevent iatrogenic...
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences - March 23, 2020 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: van der Heide D, Boskovic I, van Harten P, Merckelbach H Tags: J Forensic Sci Source Type: research
Simultaneous application of ultrasound and sialendoscopy: experience in the management of stenosis and other non-sialolithiasis-related salivary gland disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous application of US+SE provided additional information that proved to be valuable for diagnosis, planning, and treatment in several non-sialolithiasis-related conditions such as stenoses, ductal anomalies, ductal trauma, and space-occupying paraductal lesions. PMID: 32196571 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - March 21, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Psychological interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in refugees. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Authors: Kip A, Priebe S, Holling H, Morina N Abstract Millions of refugees around the globe suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or depression. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the efficacy of psychological interventions for PTSD and/or depression in refugees. The meta-analysis was registered on the PROSPERO database (CRD42017071384). A search using the Medline, PsycINFO, and PILOTS databases was conducted in January 2019, resulting in 17 RCTs, of which 14 were conducted with adult refugees (1,108 participants) and three with young refugees (
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - March 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
How important are phase 1 interventions for complex interpersonal trauma? A pilot randomised control trial of a group psychoeducational intervention.
Authors: Mahoney A, Karatzias T, Halliday K, Dougal N Abstract Although psychoeducational interventions are recommended as phase 1 interventions for complex trauma there is limited evidence on their efficacy. This pilot randomised control trial (RCT) investigated the efficacy of a pure psychoeducational intervention for complex trauma. A brief 10 session intervention was delivered to n=44 female prisoners in a compressed format to accommodate short sentence lengths and was compared to usual care (n=42). Results from an intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis indicated that there were no statistically significant differences...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - March 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
High-flow post-traumatic priapism: diagnostic and therapeutic workup
We report a case of a young patient with high-flow priapism after a motorcycle blunt perineal trauma, examining in detail the specific color Doppler ultrasound findings, the diagnostic workup and the therapeutic mana gement. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - March 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research
The potential role of the HCN1 ion channel and BDNF-mTOR signaling pathways and synaptic transmission in the alleviation of PTSD
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 20 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41398-020-0782-1The potential role of the HCN1 ion channel and BDNF-mTOR signaling pathways and synaptic transmission in the alleviation of PTSD (Source: Translational Psychiatry)
Source: Translational Psychiatry - March 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lianghui Ni Yanling Xu Sixuan Dong Yujia Kong Hong Wang Guohua Lu Yanyu Wang Qi Li Changjiang Li Zhongde Du Hongwei Sun Lin Sun Source Type: research
Influence of trauma type on feigned Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptom profiles
. (Source: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology)
Source: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology - March 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Margaret Aisling Mullan Karen A. Sullivan Source Type: research
Mental health consequences for survivors of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster: a systematic review. Part 1: psychological consequences.
Abstract To integrate scholastic literature regarding the prevalence and characteristics of the psychological consequences faced by survivors of the 2011 Fukushima earthquake/tsunami/nuclear disaster, we conducted a systematic review of survivor studies concerning the Fukushima disaster. In August 2019, four literature databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, and ICHUSHI) were used in the literature search. Peer-reviewed manuscripts reporting psychological consequences, either in English or Japanese, were selected. A total of 79 studies were selected for the review. Twenty-four s...
Source: CNS Spectrums - March 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Shigemura J, Terayama T, Kurosawa M, Kobayashi Y, Toda H, Nagamine M, Yoshino A Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research
Core outcome set for Hyperemesis Gravidarum studies is a small step in the right direction.
Abstract The majority of women experience nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Women falling at the severe end of the clinical spectrum may be diagnosed with Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG), persistent nausea and vomiting accompanied by weight loss. HG can result in serious maternal sequelae such as abnormal electrocardiography parameters from electrolyte disturbances, and post-traumatic stress disorder from prolonged symptoms. PMID: 32196871 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - March 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Fejzo M Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
Long-term follow-up of use of therapy services for patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: This study presents a novel model for the long-term probability of use of physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy following traumatic brain injury. The use of services was much lower than the expected problem profile of severe traumatic brain injuries, suggesting an insufficient long-term provision of traditional traumatic brain injury rehabilitation services. PMID: 32179933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine)
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - March 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Severe postpartum hemorrhage increases risk of posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective cohort study.
Conclusions: There is a significant and clinically relevant increased risk for developing PTSD after severe PPH. Gynecologists and midwives are advised to screen for PTSD at postpartum follow-up visits to prevent long-term negative mental health effects. Clinical Trial Registration: NL50273.100.14. PMID: 32180491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - March 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
The risk factors for postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder and depression
In this study, we examined the association between specific birth ‐related variables and postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms.Design and MethodsIn this descriptive study, data were collected using a personal information form, the City Birth Trauma Scale, and the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale.FindingsThe findings revealed that 8.5% of participants met all the diagnostic criteria for PTSD. The risk of developing depression was 9.7 times higher among women who met all the criteria for PTSD than among those who did not meet all the criteria.Practice ImplicationsDuring the postpartum...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - March 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fadime Bayri Bingol, Meltem Demirgoz Bal Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Outpatient Pharmacy Prescriptions During the First Year Following Serious Combat Injury: A Retrospective Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the first studies to provide a systematic analysis of outpatient medication prescriptions following serious combat injury. The results indicate substantial prescription activity from multiple medication categories throughout the first-year postinjury. Diagnoses of chronic pain, PTSD, and limb amputation and ISS were associated with significantly higher counts of prescriptions overall and more prescription medication categories. This study provides initial evidence to better understand medication prescription activity following serious combat injury. The results inform future research on medicati...
Source: Military Medicine - March 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Serum Neurosteroid Levels Are Associated With Cortical Thickness in Individuals Diagnosed With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.
This study included 141 individuals divided into the following groups: (a) mTBI group (n = 32 [10 female, 22 male] veterans with a history of mTBI); (b) PTSD + mTBI group (n = 41 [6 female, 35 male] veterans with current PTSD with a history of mTBI); and (c) control group (n = 68 [35 female, 33 male] control participants), which were acquired through the Injury and Traumatic Stress (INTRuST) Clinical Consortium. Subjects underwent clinical assessment, magnetic resonance imaging at 3 T, and serum neurosteroid quantifications of allopregnanolone (ALLO) and pregnenolone (PREGN). Group differences in cortical thickness and ass...
Source: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience - March 18, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Kinzel P, Marx CE, Sollmann N, Hartl E, Guenette JP, Kaufmann D, Bouix S, Pasternak O, Rathi Y, Coleman MJ, van der Kouwe A, Helmer K, Kilts JD, Naylor JC, Morey RA, Shutter L, Andaluz N, Coimbra R, Lang AJ, George MS, McAllister TW, Zafonte R, Stein MB, Tags: Clin EEG Neurosci Source Type: research
The Effectiveness of Psychological Interventions for Women Traumatized by Sexual Abuse: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
This study systematically examined the specific effects of psychological interventions for women traumatized by sexual abuse and statistically evaluated interventions by calculating effect sizes in a meta-analysis. A literature search was conducted of electronic databases of journals, gray literature and Clinical Research Information Service. Medical Subject Heading terminology, text words, and logical operators were applied, and 2,029 articles published in English or Korean were retrieved. Inclusion criteria were full-text articles on randomized controlled trials in which: (1) the subjects were women 18 years or ol...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 17, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
Hong Kong Unrest Contributes to Increased Mental Health Care Burden
An observational study has linked the social unrest roiling Hong Kong since June 2019 with a 5-fold increase in probable depression and a 6-fold increase in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - March 17, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Post-traumatic stress disorder and association with low birth weight in displaced population following conflict in Malakand division, Pakistan: a case control study
The northern part of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan experienced armed conflict since September 2007 till the autumn of 2011. Conflict involved widespread insurgency activity and military interv... (Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - March 17, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Haroon Ur Rashid, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Ayesha Imtiaz, Naeem Ullah, Mukesh Dherani and Atif Rahman Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Neural Bases of Cognitive Impairments in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders: A Mini-Review of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings
ConclusionSo far, the evidence reported that PTSD is characterized by cognitive impairments in several domains, such as attention, memory and autonomic arousal, which may be due to selective dysfunctions in brain regions that are part of cortical networks, the limbic system and DMN. However, further studies are needed in order to better assess the role of cognitive impairments in PTSD and to develop more targeted therapeutic approaches. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - March 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Recell in post-traumatic cases: preliminary results
The generalization of skin grafting in clinical practice has improved the management of patients who experience trauma resulting in significant tissue loss. Skin grafting is currently considered the gold standard in the management of these cases.1 However, there are limits to this technique, particularly in cases of severe trauma. The amount of skin that can be harvested is limited, and a previously healthy body part is damaged in the process. In addition, grafting is a painful post-operative procedure, especially during bandaging, and patients may have difficulty enduring grafting over a large surface. (Source: Journal of...
Source: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery - March 17, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Vivien Moris, Sarra Cristofari, Alessio Stivala, C éline Mondoloni, Antoine Schein, Valentin Rabuel, Alexandre Srouji, Narcisse Zwetyenga, David Guilier Tags: Correspondence and Communications Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1963: The Development and Exploratory Psychometric Properties of the Traumatic and Routine Stressors Scale on Emergency Nurses (TRSS-EN)
Fernández-Muñoz Emergency nurses are exposed to traumatic events and routine stressors, both of which can lead to the development of PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) symptomatology. However, there are currently no instruments designed to assess the impact and frequency of such sources of stress in nurses. The Traumatic and Routine Stressors Scale on Emergency Nurses (TRSS-EN) was built for this purpose. A sample of 147 emergency nurses from three hospitals in Madrid (Spain) completed this 13-item scale. The analyses showed a factorial structure composed of two factors. The first is characterized by ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - March 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Campillo-Cruz Gonz ález-Gutiérrez Ardoy-Cuadros Fern ández-Muñoz Tags: Article Source Type: research
Managing Pain and Psychosocial Care in IBD: a Primer for the Practicing Gastroenterologist
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review focuses on the relationship between trauma and pain in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and offers effective treatment strategies.Recent FindingsRecent evidence points to bidirectional pathways between psychiatric disorders and IBD. The impact of trauma and development of post-traumatic stress symptoms on IBD disease course is beginning to be appreciated including its relationship with pain. First-line treatments for both psychiatric and chronic pain disorders include behavioral interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness, and there is emerging evidenc...
Source: Current Gastroenterology Reports - March 17, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research