Correlation Between Rostral Dorsomedial Prefrontal Cortex Activation by Trauma-Related Words and Subsequent Response to CBT for PTSD.
CONCLUSIONS: The rdmPFC activation observed in this study may reflect the engagement of neural processes involved in introspection and self-reflection. CBT may be more effective for individuals with a greater ability to engage these processes. PMID: 33108951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - October 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial of Riluzole Augmentation for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Efficacy of a Glutamatergic Modulator for Antidepressant-Resistant Symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: Although preliminary, the exploratory findings of this study offer some evidence that riluzole augmentation of an SSRI or SNRI may selectively improve PTSD hyperarousal symptoms without changes in overall PTSD symptoms, depression, anxiety, or disability. Additional investigation of the mechanism of the efficacy of riluzole for hyperarousal symptoms is warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02155829. PMID: 33113596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - October 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of imaging studies for diagnosing root avulsions in post-traumatic upper brachial plexus traction injuries in adults
ConclusionCTM had greater interobserver agreement and higher diagnostic accuracy than MRI in adult patients with root avulsions due to brachial plexus injury. (Source: Acta Neurochirurgica)
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - October 29, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

The Importance of Previous Lifetime Trauma in Stroke-Induced PTSD Symptoms and Mental Health Outcomes
Publication date: Available online 27 October 2020Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Golo Kronenberg, Johanna Schöner, Michael Levitanus, Ana Violeta Alvarado Balderrama, Rohat Geran, Inga Laumeier, Peter Schlattmann, Christopher P. Nelson, Matthias Endres, Karen Gertz (Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research)
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - October 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Past Epidemics, Natural Disasters, COVID19, and Mental Health: Learning from History as we Deal with the Present and Prepare for the Future
AbstractAs cases of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continue to rise, psychological endurance is a challenge many people will face. For mental health, heightened stress responses to the pandemic, is likely to manifest in three ways: 1) development of a new episode of a disorder in those with a predisposition to a major psychiatric disorder or an acute exacerbation in those who already have such a disorder, 2) development of a trauma or stressor related disorder, such as acute stress disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), or adjustment disorders, and 3) development of a symptomatic stress response that does not...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - October 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Screening Positive for Military Sexual Harassment or Assault Is Associated With Higher Compulsive Sexual Behavior in Men Military Service Members/Veterans.
CONCLUSION: Screening positive for MSH/A appears to be a unique risk factor for higher CSB above and beyond the effects of depression and PTSD. Since screening for CSB is not part of routine mental health care, clinicians may consider a positive screen for MSH/A as a possible indicator that CSB may be of clinical concern. Previous research on MSH/A and individual and sexual health outcomes suggest that distinguishing between MSH/A severities (harassment only vs. assault) is critical as the most dysfunction is observed with sexual trauma that involves assault. Owing to low endorsement of MSA, this study did not examine diff...
Source: Military Medicine - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Comparison of Psychological Distress and Demand Induced by COVID-19 during the Lockdown Period in Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis and Hemodialysis: A Cross-Section Study in a Tertiary Hospital
Conclusions: HD patients had more severe trauma-related stress symptoms than PD patients. When major public healthy events occurred, careful psychological estimate and sufficient psychological support should be provided to the dialysis patients, especially to the HD patients.Blood Purif (Source: Blood Purification)
Source: Blood Purification - October 28, 2020 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

From the Frontline to the Homefront: The Experience of Israeli Veterans
This article reviews the findings of a series of studies that examine (a) the short- and long-term mental health effects of war on combat veterans; (b) the effects of repeated exposure to war on veterans; (c) trajectories of PTSD; and, specifically, (d) reactivation and (e) delayed-onset PTSD. We present the findings of two decades of systematic trauma research, which have followed the ongoing psychopathological effect of war on veterans. In understanding the ripple effects of trauma, it can be seen that veterans do not leave the events of the war behind once they are home; rather, it is with them wherever they go. Consequ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - October 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ethnoracial differences in treatment-seeking veterans with substance use disorders and co-occurring PTSD: Presenting characteristics and response to integrated exposure-based treatment
. (Source: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse - October 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Delisa G. Brown Julianne C. Flanagan Amber Jarnecke Therese K. Killeen Sudie E. Back Source Type: research

Qualitative Analysis of a Supervised Exercise Program for Older Veterans with PTSD
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common health conditions among U.S. veterans1 and has profound negative effects on health,2 particlularly among older adults due to its chronicity.3 The adverse sequelae of PTSD span both physical health (e.g., obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension)2 –4 and mental health (comorbid depression, anxiety, mental health quality of life)5 domains. In addition, PTSD is associated with less engagement in health promoting behaviors such as physical activity,6,7 which is troubling given the health benefits observed with regular exercise, including impro ved PTSD s...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - October 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Julia Browne, Alyssa Medenblik, Michelle Pebole, Jeffrey J. Gregg, Katherine Hall Tags: Regular Research Article Source Type: research

Mechanisms underlying the mental health impact of family separation on resettled refugees.
CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that family separation powerfully influences mental health outcomes, but that its effect may be mediated by the type of post-migration stress experienced in the settlement environment and culturally bound differences in how the sense of self is interconnected with family. PMID: 33111540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - October 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liddell BJ, Byrow Y, O'Donnell M, Mau V, Batch N, McMahon T, Bryant R, Nickerson A Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Manage Emotions to Reduce Aggression: A Pilot Study of a Brief Treatment to Help Veterans Reduce Impulsive Aggression
Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) report more aggression than civilians with PTSD. Because emotion regulation difficulties mediated the relationship between PTSD symptoms and impulsive aggression in veterans, we developed an intervention to increase emotion regulation skills. This pilot study tested the feasibility and acceptability of a three-session treatment, Manage Emotions to Reduce Aggression (MERA), and examined its effectiveness at reducing aggression and emotion dysregulation. Male combat veterans with PTSD and impulsive aggression completed assessments before and 4 weeks after MERA. Overt Aggress...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Giving Thanks is Associated with Lower PTSD Severity: A Meta-Analytic Review
AbstractA rising interest in the psychological community in resilience has spurred research examining psychological resources that promote resilience to psychopathologies such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One such psychological resource is gratitude, or one ’s perception of a positive outcome resulting from an outside entity. The present study is a meta-analytic review of the relationship between gratitude and PTSD in order to determine whether the current literature is consistent with gratitude acting as a possible protective factor against PTSD sev erity as well as a possible intervention mechanism. A c...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 7857: COVID-19-Related Mental Health Effects in the Workplace: A Narrative Review
Nicola Mucci The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has deeply altered social and working environments in several ways. Social distancing policies, mandatory lockdowns, isolation periods, and anxiety of getting sick, along with the suspension of productive activity, loss of income, and fear of the future, jointly influence the mental health of citizens and workers. Workplace aspects can play a crucial role on moderating or worsening mental health of people facing this pandemic scenario. The purpose of this literature review is to deepen the psychological aspects linked to workplace factors, following the e...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gabriele Giorgi Luigi Isaia Lecca Federico Alessio Georgia Libera Finstad Giorgia Bondanini Lucrezia Ginevra Lulli Giulio Arcangeli Nicola Mucci Tags: Review Source Type: research

Adversity History Predicts Self-Reported Autonomic Reactivity and Mental Health in US Residents During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Discussion: The data highlight the important role of autonomic regulation as an intervening variable in mediating the impact of adversity on mental health. Because of the important role that autonomic function plays in the expression of mental health vulnerability, brain-body oriented therapies that promote threat response reduction should be investigated as possible therapeutic targets. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Two Faces of Janus: Why Thyrotropin as a Cardiovascular Risk Factor May Be an Ambiguous Target
Elevated concentrations of free thyroid hormones are established cardiovascular risk factors, but the association of thyrotropin (TSH) levels to hard endpoints is less clear. This may, at least in part, ensue from the fact that TSH secretion depends not only on the supply with thyroid hormones but on multiple confounders including genetic traits, medication and allostatic load. Especially psychosocial stress is a still underappreciated factor that is able to adjust the set point of thyroid function. In order to improve our understanding of thyroid allostasis, we undertook a systematic meta-analysis of published studies on ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - October 26, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Management of a unique case of post-traumatic posterior giant retinal tear and macular hole-associated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
Ramanuj Samanta, Gitanjli Sood, Shalaka R Waghamare, Raghavendra R Mareguddi, Sanjeev K Mittal, Ajai AgrawalIndian Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 68(11):2577-2580 Blunt trauma to the eye can present with protean manifestations involving the anterior and posterior segments of the eye. Giant retinal tear (GRT) following trauma occurs most commonly at the equatorial region or anterior to the equator. GRT posterior to the equator is rare. Herein, we present a case of a 21-year-old male, who presented with sudden diminution of vision in the right eye following blunt-trauma with a cricket ball. Examination revealed a posterior-G...
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - October 26, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Ramanuj Samanta Gitanjli Sood Shalaka R Waghamare Raghavendra R Mareguddi Sanjeev K Mittal Ajai Agrawal Source Type: research

Sleep differentially impacts involuntary intrusions and voluntary recognitions of lab-analogue traumatic memories.
Abstract Despite the critical role of sleep in memory and emotion processing, large remains unknown regarding how sleep influences trauma-related symptoms arising from maladaptive memory/emotional processes, such as those among patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Employing a trauma film paradigm, we investigated how post-trauma sleep versus sleep deprivation influenced involuntary intrusions and voluntary recognition of traumatic memories. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to sleep or total sleep deprivation group following experimental trauma induction. Participants were assessed with: (a) lab-b...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - October 26, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Zeng S, Lau EYY, Li SX, Hu X Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research

Post-traumatic retained foreign body in the cavernous sinus
Publication date: March 2021Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery, Volume 23Author(s): A.L Hermann, A. Lecler (Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery)
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - October 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Development of a Publicly Available Database of Randomized Controlled Trials for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The PTSD-Repository
To provide a single, updatable source of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) clinical trials to facilitate up-to-date synthesis of research findings. The database is designed to be useful for clinicians, patients, researchers, and policymakers to help improve evidence-based decision-making. (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 24, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maya O'Neil, David Cameron, Sonya Norman, Jessica Hamblen Tags: Oral Research Presentation Source Type: research

Putting the pieces together to understand anger: PTSD, Sleep Apnea, TBI, and Pain as Contributors
To examine if posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) risk, history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), and pain contribute to anger in Veterans and Service Members (V/SM). (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 24, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Shannon Miles, Marc Silva, Sarah Martindale, Maya Troyanskaya, Risa Nakase-Richardson Tags: Oral Research Presentation Source Type: research

Duration of Post-traumatic Amnesia Is Associated with Memory Impairment in Chronic Moderate or Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
To examine relationships between duration of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA; Marshman et al., 2013) and cognition in  older adults with chronic moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (msTBI). (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 24, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Umesh Venkatesan, Amanda Rabinowitz, Frank Hillary Tags: Research Poster Source Type: research

Improvement in Executive Functioning after Goal-Oriented Attentional Self-Regulation Training Predicts Reduction in PTSD Hyperarousal Symptoms Among Veterans With Comorbid PTSD and Mild TBI
To investigate whether change in neurocognitive outcomes after Goal-Oriented Attentional Self-Regulation (GOALS) training predicts change in PTSD symptoms among Veterans with comorbid PTSD and Mild TBI as compared to a control training, Brain Health Education (BHE) . In previous studies civilian and Veteran participants with chronic mild-severe TBI, as well as comorbid PTSD/mild TBI, significantly improved after GOALS executive function training, but not control training, on measures of executive function, functional task performance and emotional regulation (Novakovic-Agopian et al. (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 24, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Brian Maruyama, Tatjana Novakovic-Agopian Tags: Research Poster Source Type: research

Developing a Retrospective Longitudinal Database of Veterans Receiving Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Mental Health Care at the VA from 2015 through 2019
To describe the development of a national, longitudinal cohort of Veterans engaged in treatment for PTSD and investigate associations among evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) treatment, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, and participants characteristics. (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 24, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maya O'Neil, David Cameron, Allison O'Neil Tags: Research Poster Source Type: research

Pharmacological Interventions for Reducing Intracranial Pressure After Traumatic Brain Injury: An Overview of Systematic Reviews with Randomized Controlled Trials
To elucidate the characteristics and quality of systematic reviews (SRs) of pharmacological treatment of intracranial pressure (ICP) post traumatic brain injury (TBI). (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 24, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Xiaolei Hu, Sonya Kim, Marianne Mortera, Patricia Heyn Tags: Systematic/Meta-Analytic Review Oral Presentation Source Type: research

Trauma exposure, PTSD, and suboptimal HIV medication adherence among marginalized individuals connected to public HIV care in Miami
This study aimed to examine the association of trauma exposure, PTSD symptoms, and relevant additional key factors with adherence to ART among a sample of majority Black and Hispanic/Latinx individuals who are economically marginalized receiving public HIV care in Miami, FL (N  =  1237) via a cross-sectional survey. Sequential linear regression was used to examine the study aim in four blocks: (1) trauma, (2) PTSD symptoms, and key covariates of ART adherence including (3) depression and substance use (potential psychological covariates), and (4) indicators of socioeconomi c status (potential structural covar...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - October 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Tezepelumab improves patient-reported outcomes in patients with severe, uncontrolled asthma in PATHWAY
World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers suffer a high burden of asthma, comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ,and depression. PTSD is associated with worse asthma outcomes. (Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology)
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - October 23, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Jonathan Corren, Esther Garcia Gil, Janet M. Griffiths, Jane R. Parnes, Rene van der Merwe, Kinga Sa łapa, Sean O’Quinn Source Type: research

Polygenic prediction of PTSD trajectories in 9/11 responders.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Genetics hold promise of predicting long-term post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) outcomes following trauma. The aim of the current study was to test whether six hypothesized polygenic risk scores (PRSs) developed to capture genetic vulnerability to psychiatric conditions prospectively predict PTSD onset, severity, and 18-year course after trauma exposure. METHODS: Participants were 1490 responders to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster (mean age at 9/11 = 38.81 years, s.d. = 8.20; 93.5% male; 23.8% lifetime WTC-related PTSD diagnosis). Prospective longitudinal data on WTC-related PTS...
Source: Psychological Medicine - October 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Waszczuk MA, Docherty AR, Shabalin AA, Miao J, Yang X, Kuan PF, Bromet E, Kotov R, Luft BJ Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Exposure to General Anesthesia for Cesarean Delivery and Odds of Severe Postpartum Depression Requiring Hospitalization.
CONCLUSIONS: General anesthesia for cesarean delivery is associated with increased odds of severe PPD requiring hospitalization, suicidal ideation, and self-inflicted injury. If confirmed, these preliminary findings underscore the need to avoid the use of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery whenever possible, and to provide mental health screening, counseling, and other follow-up services to obstetric patients exposed to general anesthesia. PMID: 33079866 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - October 22, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Guglielminotti J, Li G Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research

A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Mirtazapine for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans.
CONCLUSIONS: This study did not show efficacy of mirtazapine monotherapy in the treatment of PTSD. Identification of more effective treatments, either as monotherapy or adjunctive, for PTSD is imperative. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00302107. PMID: 33084254 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research

The transition from acute to persistent pain: the identification of distinct trajectories among women presenting to an emergency department
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and other negative psychosocial factors have been implicated in the transition from acute to persistent pain. Women (N = 375) who presented to an inner-city emergency department (ED) with complaints of acute pain were followed up for 3 months. They completed a comprehensive battery of questionnaires at an initial visit and provided ratings of pain intensity at the site of pain presented in the ED during 3 monthly phone calls. Latent class growth analyses were used to detect possible trajectories of change in pain intensity from the initial visit to 3 months later. A 3-trajector...
Source: Pain - October 22, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Preliminary evidence for a relationship between prospective memory and PTSD symptoms in the general population
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2020Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Taylor L. Swain, Melanie K.T. Takarangi (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Treating Post-traumatic Stress Disorder with a Prolonged Exposure Protocol Within Primary Care Behavioral Health: A Case Example
AbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that impacts anywhere from 2 to 39% of primary care patients. Research suggests overall health, instances of hospitalizations, emergency room visits, and utilization of primary care services are impacted by a diagnosis of PTSD. Evidenced based treatments such as cognitive process therapy and prolonged exposure (PE) are available in specialty mental health but pose many barriers to treatment and implementation into primary care. This case study serves as the first known case example with an ethnic minority civilian, examining the treatment of PTSD with...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Individual recovery of health-related quality of life during 18  months post-burn using a retrospective pre-burn measurement: an exploratory study
ConclusionThis study identified four patterns of individual change. Patients with more severe injuries and PTSD symptoms were more at risk ofnot returning to their recalled pre-injury HRQL. This study supports the face validity of using a recalled pre-burn HRQL score as a reference point to monitor HRQL after burns. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - October 22, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

“Bromodomain-containing-protein-4 and Cyclin-Dependent-Kinase-9 Inhibitors Interact Synergistically in-vitro and Combined Treatment Reduces Post-Traumatic Osteoarthritis Severity in Mice”
This study investigated whether Brd4 and CDK9 inhibitors suppress inflammation and prevent PTOA development in-vitro and in a mouse PTOA model. (Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage)
Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage - October 22, 2020 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tomoaki Fukui, Jasper H.N. Yik, Basak Doyran, Jack Davis, Anne K. Haudenschild, Iannis E. Adamopoulos, Lin Han, Dominik R. Haudenschild Source Type: research

The COVID-19 Pandemic as a Traumatic Stressor: Mental Health Responses of Older Adults with Chronic PTSD
After an index trauma, individuals with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are thought to be vulnerable to increased symptomatology following additional traumatic and stressful events. Compared to controls, older adult Holocaust survivors subjected to additional trauma experienced increased intrusive thoughts and hyperarousal symptoms related to the reactivation of traumatic memories1. Traumatized refugees with pre-existing PTSD have been shown to experience an increase in symptoms and comorbid psychiatric disorders following an additional traumatic experience2. (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - October 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bret R Rutherford, C. Jean Choi, Marika Chrisanthopolous, Chloe Salzman, Carlen Zhu, Carolina Montes-Garcia, Ying Liu, Patrick J. Brown, Rachel Yehuda, Janine Flory, Yuval Neria, Steven P. Roose Source Type: research

Mapping Stresses on the Tibial Plateau Cartilage in an Ovine Model Using In-Vivo Gait Kinematics.
This study provides the first accurate, direct measurement of stress in a joint during in vivo gait replication. It was hypothesized that the results would indicate a direct link between gait kinematics and measured stress values. Contrary to this expectation no direct link was found between individualistic differences in kinematics and differences in stress magnitudes. This finding highlights the complex multifactorial nature of stress magnitudes and distribution patterns across articular joints. The results also indicate that stress magnitudes within the knee joint are highly position dependent with magnitudes varying su...
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering - October 22, 2020 Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Vakiel P, Shekarforoush M, Dennison CR, Scott M, Muench G, Hart DA, Shrive NG Tags: Ann Biomed Eng Source Type: research

Measuring the Internal Stress in Ovine Meniscus During Simulated In Vivo Gait Kinematics: A Novel Method Using Fibre Optic Technology.
In this study, a novel method for measuring stress within the menisci is presented. Small Fibre Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors were inserted inside menisci and used to measure mechanical stress during replicated gait cycles. In-vitro stress measurements within the menisci were preformed for healthy gait and gait following surgical damage to the joints. Together with our capability to reproduce in vivo motions accurately, the improvements in fibre optic technology have allowed for the first direct measurement of mechanical stress in menisci. PMID: 33094418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering)
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering - October 22, 2020 Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Vakiel P, Dennison CR, Shekarforoush M, Scott M, Hart DA, Shrive NG Tags: Ann Biomed Eng Source Type: research

Variables protecting mental health in the Spanish population affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
njo N Abstract The pandemic produced by COVID-19 can lead the population to suffer serious psychological disorders. However, there are several psychosocial variables that can enhance resilient outcomes in adverse situations. The aim would be to establish the level of resilience of the general Spanish population exposed to a traumatic situation by the COVID-19 in order to identify which protective factors predict resilient outcomes. 1227 homebound people (863-70.3% women), aged 18-73 years (M = 28.10; SD = 12.88) reported on sociodemographic and psychological variables such as optim...
Source: Current Psychology - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Robles-Bello MA, Sánchez-Teruel D, Valencia Naranjo N Tags: Curr Psychol Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 7676: Belonging and Inclusivity Make a Resilient Future for All: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Post-Flood Social Capital in a Diverse Australian Rural Community
ailie Berry In 2017, marginalised groups were disproportionately impacted by extensive flooding in a rural community in Northern New South Wales, Australia, with greater risk of home inundation, displacement and poor mental health. While social capital has been linked with good health and wellbeing, there has been limited investigation into its potential benefits in post-disaster contexts, particularly for marginalised groups. Six months post-flood, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to quantify associations between flood impact, individual social capital and psychological distress (including probable post-traum...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Matthews Longman Bennett-Levy Braddon Passey Bailie Berry Tags: Article Source Type: research

Comorbid Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Major Depression Disorder Associated with Asthma Morbidity among WTC Workers
World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers suffer a high burden of asthma, comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ,and depression. PTSD is associated with worse asthma outcomes. (Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology)
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - October 21, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Juan Wisnivesky, Steven B. Markowitz, Shynah James, Kim Stone, Brittany Dickens, Paula Busse, Laura Crowley, Alex Federman, Craig Katz, Adam Gonzalez Source Type: research

Association entre la fr équence de consultation des médias d’information et la détresse psychologique chez les femmes enceintes durant la pandémie de COVID-19: Association between news media consulting frequency and psychological distress in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Association entre la fréquence de consultation des médias d’information et la détresse psychologique chez les femmes enceintes durant la pandémie de COVID-19: Association between news media consulting frequency and psychological distress in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Can J Psychiatry. 2020 Oct 21;:706743720963917 Authors: Roxanne L, Julia GB, Mathilde L, Élodie M, Christine DM, Nicolas B Abstract OBJECTIVE: Examine the association between news media use frequency during the COVID-19 pandemic and the scale of psychological distress in pregnant ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Roxanne L, Julia GB, Mathilde L, Élodie M, Christine DM, Nicolas B Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exclusion of Suicidal Participants From Randomized Controlled Trials for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta ‐Analysis
AbstractThere has been a lack of consensus regarding whether to include or exclude participants with suicidal ideation (SI) from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) psychotherapy clinical trials and, until recently, how best to report adverse events related to suicide risk. Without consistent reporting or evaluation of SI as an outcome, clinical practice guidelines are limited in their ability to recommend interventions for this common co ‐occurrence. In the present meta‐analysis, we compared randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of PTSD psychotherapies, based on their suicide exclusion criteria. The databases PILOTS, P...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - October 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emily Brooks, Megan Spokas, Deborah Goldschmidt Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Child and Family Outcomes Following Pandemics: A Systematic Review and Recommendations on COVID-19 Policies
ConclusionsFindings from this review suggest current gaps in COVID-19 policies and provide recommendations such implementing “family-friendly” policies that are inclusive and have flexible eligibility criteria. Examples include universal paid sick leave for parents and financial supports for parents who are also frontline workers and are at an elevated risk for contracting the disease. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

One strike loading organ culture model to investigate the post-traumatic disc degenerative condition
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2020Source: Journal of Orthopaedic TranslationAuthor(s): Zhiyu Zhou, Shangbin Cui, Jie Du, R. Geoff Richards, Mauro Alini, Sibylle Grad, Zhen Li (Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation)
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - October 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A Nonrandomized Trial of Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy for Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in a Deployed Setting.
Abstract For many decades, the U.S. military's general operational guideline has been to limit the use of trauma-focused treatments for combat and operational stress reactions in military service members until they have returned from deployment. Recently, published clinical trials have documented that active-duty military personnel with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be treated effectively in garrison. However, there are limited data on the treatment of combat and operational stress reactions or combat-related PTSD during military deployments. This prospective, nonrandomized trial evaluate...
Source: Behavior Therapy - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Peterson AL, Foa EB, Resick PA, Hoyt TV, Straud CL, Moore BA, Favret JV, Hale WJ, Litz BT, Rogers TE, Stone JM, Villarreal R, Woodson CS, Young-McCaughan S, Mintz J, STRONG STAR Consortium Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research

Changes in Emotions Over the Course of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and the Moderating Role of Depression, Anxiety, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
This study investigated which specific emotions (hostility/anger, fear, shame/guilt, and sadness) decrease during DBT, and whether comorbid depression, anxiety disorders, and PTSD moderate these outcomes. Individuals with BPD (N = 101) completed 6 months of standard DBT and provided measurements of specific emotions at every session and at pre-, mid-, and posttreatment. Generalized estimating equations revealed moderate effect-sized reductions in anger at major assessment time points. Anxiety disorders and PTSD moderated the effect of time on fear, shame, and guilt. PTSD also moderated the effect of time on sadness. For al...
Source: Behavior Therapy - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Fitzpatrick S, Bailey K, Rizvi SL Tags: Behav Ther Source Type: research

Evaluation of an Immunomodulatory Probiotic Intervention for Veterans With Co-occurring Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Pilot Study
Conclusions: Findings from this trial support the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of supplementation with an anti-inflammatory/immunoregulatory probiotic, L. reuteri DSM 17938, among Veterans with PPC and PTSD symptoms. Moreover, results suggest that CRP may be a viable inflammatory marker of interest. A larger randomized controlled trial aimed at measuring both biological and clinical outcomes is indicated.Clinical Trial Registration:ClinicalTrials.gov, Identifier NCT02723344. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - October 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Severe Mental Disorder and Terrorism:When Psychosis, PTSD and Addictions Become a Vulnerability
. (Source: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology)
Source: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zainab Al-Attar Source Type: research

Neurological Soft Signs and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Biomarker of Severity?
ConclusionsThis pilot study suggests that NSSs might be a biomarker of PTSD severity. This proof of concept highlights the need for further research for better evaluating the clinical neuro-functional impairment. This will be helping for defining neurological remediation for promoting PTSD recovery. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research