Are there differences in the return to work process for work-related psychological and musculoskeletal injuries? A longitudinal path analysis - Smith P, Lamontagne AD, Lilley R, Hogg-Johnson S, Sim M.
PURPOSE: To examine differences in the return to work (RTW) process for workers' compensation claimants with psychological injuries compared to those with musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries. METHODS: We collected data from 869 workers' compensation cla... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Bikes or bust? Analyzing the impact of bicycle infrastructure on business performance in San Francisco - McCoy R, Poirier JA, Chapple K.
Transportation agencies at the local, state, and federal levels in the United States (U.S.) have shown a growing interest in expanding bicycle infrastructure, given its link to mode shift and safety goals. These projects, however, are far from universally ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Car drivers' willingness to pay for design related attributes of parking garages: hierarchical information integration approach - van der Waerden P, Agarad S.
This paper focuses on car drivers' willingness to pay for design related attributes of parking garages. Car drivers' willingness is retrieved from a stated choice experiment including three basic attributes (capacity of parking, parking tariff, and walking... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Clinical outcomes of specialized treatment units for patients with serious mental illness in the New York City jail system - Ford EB, Silverman KD, Solimo A, Leung YJ, Smith AM, Bell CJ, Katyal M.
OBJECTIVE: New York City's (NYC) Correctional Health Services has introduced specialized treatment units for patients with serious mental illness in the NYC jail system. With multidisciplinary mental health staffing and a coordinated approach with NYC's De... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Gender interaction effects on reporting assaults to the police - Hullenaar KL, Ruback RB.
This study used two theoretical perspectives-coercive power and gender norms-to examine how gender affects victims' decisions to report physical assaults to the police. The coercive power perspective attributes gender differences in reporting to sex-linked... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Identifying clinicians' priorities for the implementation of best practices in cognitive rehabilitation post-acquired brain injury - Poulin V, Jean A, Lamontagne ME, Pellerin MA, Viau-Guay A, Ouellet MC.
Purpose: To identify clinicians' perceptions of current levels of implementation of cognitive rehabilitation best practices, as well as individual and consensual group priorities for implementing cognitive rehabilitation interventions as part of a m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Mallet hallux injury: a case report and literature review - Biondetti P, Dalstrom DJ, Ilfeld B, Smitaman E.
Mallet injury is associated with variable degrees of extensor hallucis longus tendon tearing, ultimately leading to the well-known mallet toe deformity; this entity, commonly described at the lesser toes and fingers, has rarely been reported at the hallux.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Pattern of fractures among road traffic accident victims requiring hospitalization: single-institution experience in Saudi Arabia - Aloudah AA, Almesned FA, Alkanan AA, Alharbi T.
Introduction A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone. One of the factors causing bone fractures is Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs), which is the first leading cause of death among peo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for depression after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Peppel L, Ribbers G, Heijenbrok-Kal M.
The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature and perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for depression in patients with moderat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation in patients experiencing a first-episode psychosis: findings from the 2-year follow-up of the "Parma Early Psychosis" Program - Pelizza L, Pellegrini C, Quattrone E, Azzali S, Landi G, Pellegrini P, Leuci E.
OBJECTIVE: Although suicide behavior is relevant in first-episode psychosis (FEP), little is known about suicidal ideation and its longitudinal stability. The aim of this study was (1) to assess incidence rates of suicide attempts, completed suicide, and s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Transgender and nonbinary experiences of victimization in health care - Kattari SK, Bakko M, Langenderfer-Magruder L, Holloway BT.
Transgender and nonbinary (TNB) individuals experience high rates of myriad types of victimization, including in health care settings. Many TNB people avoid medical visits for fear of mistreatment and, when they do visit a provider, report negative experie... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Transorbital nonmissile penetrating brain injury: report of two cases - Xue H, Zhang WT, Wang GM, Shi L, Zhang YM, Yang HF.
BACKGROUND: Penetrating brain injury (PBI) is an uncommon emergency in neurosurgery, and transorbital PBI is a rare type of PBI. Reasonable surgical planning and careful postoperative management can improve the prognosis of patients. CASE SUMMARY: The firs... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Use of topography, weather zones, and semivariogram parameters to optimize road weather information system station density across large spatial scales - Biswas S, Wu M, Melles SJ, Kwon TJ.
A road weather information system (RWIS) is a combination of advanced technologies which collect, process, and disseminate road weather and condition information. This information is used by road maintenance authorities to make operative decisions that imp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Relationship between child sexual abuse, psychiatric disorders and infectious diseases: a matched-cohort study - Maalouf O, Daigneault I, Dargan S, McDuff P, Frappier JY.
Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been strongly associated with a range of psychological and physical problems in childhood and adulthood, such as anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and infectious diseases. Despite the strength of these association... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Advanced prehospital trauma resuscitation with a physician and certified registered nurse anesthetist: the shock trauma "go-team" - Howie W, Scott-Herring M, Pollak AN, Galvagno SM.
OBJECTIVE: The R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center (STC) is Maryland's primary adult resource center for trauma care. The Shock Trauma "Go-Team" is a specialized component of Maryland's emergency medical system and is composed of a physician and certified r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Air ambulance and emergency retrieval services in Western Australia: caseload analysis over 5 years - Garwood J, Wilkinson B, Bartholomew H, Langford SA, O'Connell A.
OBJECTIVE: The Royal Flying Doctor Service Western Operations (RFDSWO) provides critical care transfer and retrieval services across 2.5 million km2 to a population of 2.58 million people, providing both primary and secondary retrievals across W... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Burden of disease from transportation noise and motor vehicle crashes: analysis of data from Houston, Texas - Sohrabi S, Khreis H.
BACKGROUND: Transportation systems have an essential role in satisfying individuals' needs for mobility and accessibility. Yet, they have been linked to several adverse health impacts, with a large, but modifiable, burden of disease. Among the several tran... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Early treatment for PTSD after a disaster has lasting effects
(University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences) In 1988, a 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck near the northern Armenian city of Spitak. The temblor destroyed cities and is estimated to have killed between 25,000 and 35,000 people, many of whom were schoolchildren. The latest findings from a long-term, UCLA-led study reveal that children who survived the quake and received psychotherapy soon after have experienced health benefits into adulthood. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Early treatment for PTSD after a disaster has lasting effects
In 1988, a 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck near the northern Armenian city of Spitak. The temblor destroyed cities and is estimated to have killed between 25,000 and 35,000 people, many of whom were schoolchildren.The latest findings from a long-term, UCLA-led study reveal that children who survived the quake and received psychotherapy soon after have experienced health benefits into adulthood.The findings are particularly relevant today, said Dr. Armen Goenjian, the study ’s lead author and a researcher at the Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, given the increased freque...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - February 14, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Desensitizing effect of frequently witnessing death in an occupation: a study with Turkish health-care professionals - Baykan N, Arslant ürk G, Durukan P.
This study aimed to investigate anxiety and fear of death created by the consciousness of death in professionals who frequently witness death and to determine variables related to the dimensions of mortality awareness. Data were gathered from 212 health... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Do spirituality, resilience and hope mediate outcomes among family caregivers after traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury? A structural equation modelling approach - Simpson GK, Anderson MI, Jones KF, Genders M, Gopinath B.
BACKGROUND: A deficits approach to understanding psychological adjustment in family caregivers of individuals with a neurological disability is extensive, but further research in the field of positive psychology (spirituality, resilience, hope) may provide... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Exploring enablers and barriers to accessing health services after a fall among people with intellectual disability - Ho P, Bulsara C, Patman S, Downs J, Hill AM.
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disability experience high rates of falls making falls prevention an important health need. The purpose of the study was to seek perspectives of older adults with intellectual disability and their caregivers to (a) expl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Minimum 5-year clinical outcomes, survivorship, and return to sports after hamstring tendon autograft reconstruction for sternoclavicular joint instability - Lacheta L, Dekker TJ, Goldenberg BT, Horan MP, Rosenberg SI, Pogorzelski J, Millett PJ.
BACKGROUND: Instability of the sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a rare but potentially devastating pathologic condition, particularly when it occurs in young or active patients, where it can lead to persistent pain and impairment of shoulder function. SC joi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Prediction of early TBI mortality using a machine learning approach in a LMIC population - Amorim RL, Oliveira LM, Malbouisson LM, Nagumo MM, Simoes M, Miranda L, Bor-Seng-Shu E, Beer-Furlan A, de Andrade AF, Rubiano AM, Teixeira MJ, Kolias AG, Paiva WS.
Background: In a time when the incidence of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasing in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs), it is important to understand the behavior of predictive variables in an LMIC's population. There are few previ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Sex differences in military sexual trauma and severe self-directed violence - Gross GM, Ronzitti S, Combellick JL, Decker SE, Mattocks KM, Hoff RA, Haskell SG, Brandt CA, Goulet JL.
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has demonstrated an association between military sexual trauma and risk for suicide; however, risk for self-directed violence such as suicide attempt or nonsuicidal self-injury following military sexual trauma is understudie... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The association between persistent white-matter abnormalities and repeat injury after sport-related concussion - Brett BL, Wu YC, Mustafi SM, Saykin AJ, Koch KM, Nencka AS, Giza CC, Goldman J, Guskiewicz KM, Mihalik JP, Duma SM, Broglio SP, McAllister TW, McCrea MA, Meier TB.
Objective: A recent systematic review determined that the physiological effects of concussion may persist beyond clinical recovery. Preclinical models suggest that ongoing physiological effects are accompanied by increased cerebral vulnerability tha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The gut microbiome distinguishes mortality in trauma patients upon admission to the emergency department - Burmeister DM, Johnson TR, Lai Z, Scroggins S, DeRosa M, Jonas RB, Zhu C, Scherer E, Stewart RM, Schwacha MG, Jenkins DH, Eastridge BJ, Nicholson SE.
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury can lead to a compromised intestinal epithelial barrier, decreased gut perfusion, and inflammation. While recent studies indicate that the gut microbiome (GM) is altered early following traumatic injury, the impact of GM change... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Resilience after trauma: The role of memory suppression
In the aftermath of trauma, little is known about why the unwanted and unbidden recollection of traumatic memories persists in some individuals but not others. We implemented neutral and inoffensive intrusive memories in the laboratory in a group of 102 individuals exposed to the 2015 Paris terrorist attacks and 73 nonexposed individuals, who were not in Paris during the attacks. While reexperiencing these intrusive memories, nonexposed individuals and exposed individuals without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) could adaptively suppress memory activity, but exposed individuals with PTSD could not. These findings sugge...
Source: ScienceNOW - February 13, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Mary, A., Dayan, J., Leone, G., Postel, C., Fraisse, F., Malle, C., Vallee, T., Klein-Peschanski, C., Viader, F., de la Sayette, V., Peschanski, D., Eustache, F., Gagnepain, P. Tags: Neuroscience, Online Only, Psychology r-articles Source Type: news

Accident typology comparisons between pedelecs and conventional bicycles - Otte D, Facius T.
The data from the years 2009 until 2015, collected by a scientific research team at the Hannover Medical School for the GIDAS project (German In-Depth Accident Study), were used as the study sample. RESULTS: Injuries do not occur more often or more... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Epidemiology, classification, treatment and mortality of distal radius fractures in adults: an observational study of 23,394 fractures from the national Swedish fracture register - Rundgren J, Bojan A, Mellstrand Navarro C, Enocson A.
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures are the most common of all fractures. Optimal treatment is still debated. Previous studies report substantial changes in treatment trends in recent decades. Few nation-wide studies on distal radius fracture epidemiology ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

How risky are uninsured drivers? - Yarmukhamedov S.
Obtaining insurance is expected to have disincentive effects on driver behavior, and as such on accident probabilities due to the adverse selection and/or moral hazard effects, though empirical studies provide mixed evidence. The risks of an accident incur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Looking for traces of the Troika's intervention in European road safety - Castillo-Manzano JI, Castro-Nu ño M, Lopez-Valpuesta L, Boby J.
The recent economic crisis has required the bailout of some European States by the so-called Troika, with capital injections accompanied by financial austerity. This paper analyzes econometrically the impact of this support programme on road safety for an ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Non-suicidal self-injury among male service members: descriptive information and a preliminary examination of external correlates - Bandel SL, Anestis MD.
Previous literature has identified nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) as a common and noteworthy behavior, particularly given its association with psychopathology and suicide. However, the research on NSSI among males has resulted in mixed findings. Additional... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Traumatic brain injury: an overview of epidemiology, pathophysiology, and medical management - Capizzi A, Woo J, Verduzco-Gutierrez M.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an acquired insult to the brain from an external mechanical force that may result in temporary or permanent impairment. The goal of this article is to provide a general review of the epidemiology, pathophysiology and medical... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

How Companies Teach Their Employees First Aid for Mental Health
At Delta Air Lines’ Atlanta headquarters in late January, 24 employees are arguing over which of them has the worst disease. Half of them had been given cards naming a physical or mental health diagnosis and were told to line up, from the least debilitating to the most. The woman holding “gingivitis” quickly takes a place at the far left of the line. But everyone further down to the right—low back pain, moderate depression, paraplegia, severe PTSD—keeps switching spots. “Severe vision loss,” someone says to the man holding the corresponding card, “are you a pilot?” He d...
Source: TIME: Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Mandy Oaklander Tags: Uncategorized Mental Health/Psychology microsoftfutureofwork Source Type: news

Automated Virtual Reality Therapy Pioneer Oxford VR Secures Record $12.5 Million Investment
This capital infusion will enable Oxford VR to accelerate U.S. expansion of its evidence-based and scalable automated VR therapy solutions for behavioral health issues, and to continue expanding its treatment pipeline into conditions such as anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - February 12, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Sol Rogers, Contributor Source Type: news

Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Child Post-traumatic Cognitions Inventory in a sample of children and adolescents following a wildfire disaster - Fonseca A, Vagos P, Moreira H, Pereira J, Canavarro MC, Rijo D.
This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Child Post-Traumatic Cognitions Inventory (CPTCI) in a sample of Portuguese children and adolescents, following the exposition to a wildfire disaster. The sample included 533 children and adole... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Trauma-related drinking to cope: a novel approach to the self-medication model - Hawn SE, Bountress KE, Sheerin CM, Dick DM, Amstadter AB.
Multiple etiological models have been proposed to explain posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) comorbidity, but the predominant model to date is the "drinking to cope" self-medication model. Despite its popularity, the self-m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

An examination of stigmatising attributions about mental illness amongst police custody staff - Wainwright A, Mojtahedi D.
Individuals who enter police custody may experience mental illness, making it highly imperative for custody staff to be knowledgeable and competent in this area- however, reports suggest this is not always the case (Leese& Russell, 2017). The present stud... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Effect of the financial crisis on socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in small areas in seven Spanish cities - Gotsens M, Ferrando J, Mar í-Dell'olmo M, Palència L, Bartoll X, Gandarillas A, Sánchez-Villegas P, Esnaola S, Daponte A, Borrell C.
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the trend in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in small areas due to several specific causes before (2001-2004, 2005-2008) and during (2009-2012) the economic crisis in seven Spanish cities. ME... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Modelling symptoms to suicide risk in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease - Mihajlovic V, Tripp DA, Jacobson JA.
Given that suicidal behaviour is a pressing concern in inflammatory bowel disease populations, this study sought to model the sequence of variables that lead to its development. Participants (n  = 282) completed online self-report questionnaires ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Reasons behind the rising rate of involuntary admissions under the Mental Health Act (1983): service use and cost impact - Smith S, Gate R, Ariyo K, Saunders R, Taylor C, Bhui K, Mavranezouli I, Heslin M, Greenwood H, Matthews H, Barnett P, Pilling S.
There has been a significant rise in the use of the Mental Health Act (1983) in England over the last 10  years. This includes both health-based Place of Safety detentions and involuntary admissions to NHS mental health facilities. Although these trends s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Recidivism and predictors of recidivism among female high level persistent offenders after a special court order for persistent offenders in the Netherlands - Blaauw E, Doddema B, de Vogel V, Bogaerts S.
Previous research has shown that female persistent offenders have multiple psychiatric and psychosocial problems, such as substance use disorders, other mental disorders, financial problems and housing problems. The present study examined recidivism and pr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Reverse shock index multiplied by Glasgow Coma Scale (rSIG) predicts mortality in severe trauma patients with head injury - Wan-Ting C, Chin-Hsien L, Cheng-Yu L, Cheng-Yu C, Chi-Chun L, Keng-Wei C, Jiann-Hwa C, Wei-Lung C, Chien-Cheng H, Cherng-Jyr L, Jui-Yuan C.
The reverse shock index (rSI), a ratio of systolic blood pressure (SBP) to heart rate (HR), is used to identify prognosis in trauma patients. Multiplying rSI by Glasgow Coma Scale (rSIG) can possibly predict better in-hospital mortality in patients with tr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Space, time, and fear: survival computations along defensive circuits - Mobbs D, Headley DB, Ding W, Dayan P.
Naturalistic observations show that decisions to avoid or escape predators occur at different spatiotemporal scales and that they are supported by different computations and neural circuits. At their extremes, proximal threats are addressed by a limited re... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Surfing-related head injuries presenting to United States emergency departments - Kozminski BU, Ahmed N, Cautela FS, Shah NV, Shangguan X, Doran JP, Newman JM, Horowitz EH, Gonzales AS, Lee CJ, Persaud CS, Urban WP, Stickevers SM.
This study examined the incidence and trends of surfing-related and mild traumatic brain injuries that presented to United States emergency departments between 2001 and 2016. Subjects with surging-related head injuries were retrieved from the National Elec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Surgical treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar fractures: a retrospective review of 101 cases - Muratore M, Allasia S, Viglierchio P, Abbate M, Aleotti S, Masse A, Bistolfi A.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of vertebral stabilisation after acute traumatic thoracolumbar fractures, correlating the outcome with patient clinical data, type and location of fracture, presence of neurological damage, timing of surgical intervention ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Survival after traumatic brain injury improves with deployment of neurosurgeons: a comparison of US and UK military treatment facilities during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts - Breeze J, Bowley DM, Harrisson SE, Dye J, Neal C, Bell RS, Armonda RA, Beggs AD, DuBose J, Rickard RF, Powers DB.
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common cause of death on the modern battlefield. In recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US typically deployed neurosurgeons to medical treatment facilities (MTFs), while the UK did not. Our a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Sustainable work performance: the roles of workplace violence and occupational stress - Rasool SF, Wang M, Zhang Y, Samma M.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationships between workplace violence, occupational stress, and sustainable work performance. Multiple dimensions of workplace violence (harassment, mobbing, ostracism, and stalking) were used in this study. A... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news