Survey of young patients with polio and a foreign background at a Swedish post-polio outpatient clinic
Abstract Nowadays, polio survivors aged under 60 years are non-native Swedes which pose new aspects and challenges to a post-polio outpatient clinic. To analyze the medical data, walking aids, occupational, and family situation in non-native polio survivors aged less than 60 years at a Swedish post-polio outpatient clinic. Retrospective data analysis. Data were retrieved from medical records at the post-polio outpatient clinic. Actual age, age at acute polio infection, walking capacity, pain, concomitant diseases, working and family situation, and ethnical origin were analyzed. Data are presented in numb...
Source: Neurological Sciences - June 14, 2016 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Profiling the immunity status of children with non-polio acute flaccid paralysis who had not received any doses of oral polio vaccine in the South–South region, Nigeria 2011–2014
To demonstrate the immunity status of children with non-polio acute flaccid paralysis (NP AFP) reported through the AFP surveillance system in the South–South region of Nigeria. (Source: Public Health)
Source: Public Health - June 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: B.E. Bassey, R.G. Vaz, F. Braka, W. Komakech, S.T. Maleghemi, G.U. Akpan, A. Okocha-Ejeko Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Profiling the immunity status of children with non-polio acute flaccid paralysis who had not received any doses of oral polio vaccine in the  South–South region, Nigeria 2011–2014
To demonstrate the immunity status of children with non-polio acute flaccid paralysis (NP AFP) reported through the AFP surveillance system in the South –South region of Nigeria. (Source: Public Health)
Source: Public Health - June 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: B.E. Bassey, R.G. Vaz, F. Braka, W. Komakech, S.T. Maleghemi, G.U. Akpan, A. Okocha-Ejeko Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

[Correspondence] Vaccine scandal and crisis in public confidence in China
In March, 2016, a vaccine scandal in Shandong province, eastern China, has led to the deaths of four children. According to state media, the prime culprit, a former pharmacist, was caught delivering vaccines to medical facilities on bicycles without approved storage conditions. The Shandong Food and Drug Administration made public a list of 25 problematic vaccines1—including polio, mumps, rabies, hepatitis B, encephalitis, and meningococcal vaccines—that had been illegally sold in at least 24 provincial areas since 2011. (Source: LANCET)
Source: LANCET - June 10, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Jie Qiu, Hengjing Hu, Shenghua Zhou, Qiming Liu Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Multistakeholder partnerships with the Democratic Peoples' Republic of Korea to improve childhood immunisation: A perspective from global health equity and political determinants of health equity
ConclusionThe VPD‐focused programmatic activities in the DPRK have improved the delivery of childhood immunisation and have created dialogue and contact with the people of the DPRK. These efforts are likely to ameliorate the political isolation of the people of the DPRK and potentially improve global health equity. (Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health)
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - June 9, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Hani Kim, Florian Marks, Uros Novakovic, Peter J. Hotez, Robert E. Black Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Adult vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria: The European perspective.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 27279025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology)
Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - June 9, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Weinberger B Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research

Higher Immune Responses Observed in United States Military Personnel Who Received Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine Concomitantly with Other Vaccines.
This study was a retrospective evaluation of the immunogenicity of a tetravalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY) administered alone (n = 41) or concomitantly with other vaccines (n = 279) to United States military personnel (mean age = 21.6 years) entering the military between 2006 and 2008. Concomitant vaccines included tetanus/diphtheria (Td), inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), hepatitis vaccines, various influenza vaccines, among others; two vaccine groups excluded Tdap and IPV. Immune responses were evaluated in baseline and post-vaccination sera for Neisseria meningitidis serogroups C and Y 1-12 months (mean =...
Source: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology - June 8, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Broderick MP, Romero-Steiner S, Rajam G, Johnson SE, Milton A, Kim E, Choi LJ, Radin JM, Schmidt DS, Carlone GM, Messonnier N, Faix DJ Tags: Clin Vaccine Immunol Source Type: research

Asymmetrical bone loss in a patient with poliomyelitis: an indication for anti-osteoporotic therapy.
CONCLUSION: Poliomyelitis is an important acquired risk factor for regional osteoporosis. This condition should be detected and treated in this cohort of patients who are clearly at higher risk of fractures. PMID: 27252750 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism)
Source: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism - June 4, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab Source Type: research

The effect of mass vaccination campaigns against polio on the utilization of routine immunization services: A regression discontinuity design.
CONCLUSIONS: RDD constitutes a promising tool to assess the effects of mass vaccination campaigns on RI services. It could be tested in additional settings, using larger and more precise datasets. It could also be extended to measure the effects of other disease-specific interventions on the functioning of health systems, in particular those that occur at a discrete point in time and/or include age-related eligibility criteria. PMID: 27269060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Vaccine)
Source: Vaccine - June 3, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Helleringer S, Asuming PO, Abdelwahab J Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Effect of booster doses of poliovirus vaccine in previously vaccinated children, Clinical Trial Results 2013.
CONCLUSION: IPV has shown the ability to efficiently close existing immunity gaps in a vulnerable population of children in rural Pakistan. PMID: 27269054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Vaccine)
Source: Vaccine - June 3, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Habib MA, Soofi S, Mach O, Samejo T, Alam D, Bhatti Z, Weldon WC, Oberste MS, Sutter R, Bhutta ZA Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

A Pioneering Force: The author's mother was widowed with three young children at age 53, but she never let polio compromise her independence.
No abstract available (Source: Neurology Now)
Source: Neurology Now - June 1, 2016 Category: Neurology Tags: Departments: Speak Up Source Type: research

Implementation of coordinated global serotype 2 oral poliovirus vaccine cessation: risks of inadvertent trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine use
The endgame for polio eradication includes coordinated global cessation of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), starting with the cessation of vaccine containing OPV serotype 2 (OPV2) by switching all trivalent OPV ... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - June 1, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens, Lee M. Hampton and Kimberly M. Thompson Source Type: research

MRI findings of enteroviral encephalomyelitis
Conclusion Enterovirus encephalomyelitis has characteristic lesion locations in the posterior portions of the brain stem, substantia nigra, dentate nucleus and within the anterior horns of spinal cord. Recognition of these findings in the presence of suggestive clinical presentation can help to establish the diagnosis of enterovirus encephalomyelitis. (Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine)
Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine - June 1, 2016 Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

Revascularisation and the acute charcot joint
Background: Charcot neuropathy is a progressive condition affecting the soft tissues, bones and joints most commonly within the foot and ankle. It is a rare complication of the neuropathic foot of which diabetes is the leading cause [1]. Other associated conditions include alcoholic neuropathy, polio, leprosy and syphilis. (Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - June 1, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: J. Giddie, P. Vaughan, V. Thorisdottir Tags: FI2016_DiabetesCharcot_04 Source Type: research

Adult vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria: The European perspective
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical and Experimental Immunology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Immunology - June 1, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Birgit Weinberger Tags: Review Source Type: research

Seroepidemiology: an underused tool for designing and monitoring vaccination programs in low and middle‐income countries
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health)
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - June 1, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Felicity T. Cutts, Matt Hanson Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Revascularisation and the acute charcot joint
Background: Charcot neuropathy is a progressive condition affecting the soft tissues, bones and joints most commonly within the foot and ankle. It is a rare complication of the neuropathic foot of which diabetes is the leading cause [1]. Other associated conditions include alcoholic neuropathy, polio, leprosy and syphilis. (Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery)
Source: Foot and Ankle Surgery - June 1, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: J. Giddie, P. Vaughan, V. Thorisdottir Tags: FI2016_DiabetesCharcot_04 Source Type: research

Hajj-associated infections.
CONCLUSION: Prevention is based on compulsory meningococcal vaccination, vaccination against seasonal influenza and pneumococcal infections for pilgrims at high risk of contracting the infection, and on vaccination against hepatitis A. Updating immunization for diphtheria/tetanus/poliomyelitis/pertussis and measles/mumps is also crucial and pilgrims must comply with hygiene precautions. PMID: 27230822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - May 28, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

The Recent Outbreaks and Reemergence of Polio-Virus in War and Conflict Affected Areas
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luma Akil, H Anwar Ahmad Source Type: research

The recent outbreaks and reemergence of poliovirus in war and conflict-affected areas
Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by poliovirus, a virus that mainly infects young children. It invades the nervous system and may cause total paralysis.1,2 Polio reached epidemic proportions in the early 1900s in countries with relatively high standards of living. Polio was brought under control after the introduction of effective vaccines in the 1950s and 1960s. It was not until the 1970s that polio was recognized as a major problem in developing countries and routine immunization was introduced. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luma Akil, H. Anwar Ahmad Source Type: research

Implementation of coordinated global serotype 2 oral poliovirus vaccine cessation: risks of potential non-synchronous cessation
The endgame for polio eradication involves coordinated global cessation of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) with cessation of serotype 2 OPV (OPV2 cessation) implemented in late April and early May 2016 and cessa... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - May 26, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens, Lee M. Hampton and Kimberly M. Thompson Source Type: research

The fight against polio takes a tragic toll, but it must continue.
Abstract The recent news that seven policemen in Pakistan were killed while guarding polio vaccination workers in Karachi was tragic, especially when we are close to eradicating polio from the only two remaining countries where the virus is considered endemic - Pakistan and Afghanistan. PMID: 27224625 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - May 25, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Hill T Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

[Newsdesk] Polio endgame: overcoming the final barriers
Polio might be wiped out globally by the end of this year; although there is still the hurdle of endemicity in Afghanistan and Pakistan to be overcome. Sanjeet Bagcchi reports. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases - May 24, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sanjeet Bagcchi Tags: Newsdesk Source Type: research

Maternal Helminth Infection Is Associated With Higher Infant Immunoglobulin A Titers to Antigen in Orally Administered Vaccines
Conclusions. Antenatal maternal helminth infections were not associated with reduced antibody responses to infant vaccines, but rather with modestly increased IgA responses to oral vaccines. (Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases - May 24, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Clark, C. E., Fay, M. P., Chico, M. E., Sandoval, C. A., Vaca, M. G., Boyd, A., Cooper, P. J., Nutman, T. B. Tags: PATHOGENESIS AND HOST RESPONSE Source Type: research

Outcome after cementless total hip arthroplasty for arthritic hip in patients with residual poliomyelitis: a case series.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the overall result itself is excellent, THA for these patients cannot improve limp, physical activity and mental status. Surgeons should be aware of the change of the inclination of acetabular cup during mobilisation, especially for THA in contralateral hip. PMID: 27229169 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Hip International)
Source: Hip International - May 23, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Cho YJ, Lee CH, Chun YS, Rhyu KH Tags: Hip Int Source Type: research

Why a Paper on Anesthesia and Polio in 2016?
PMID: 27195621 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - May 21, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Calmes SH Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research

Errata: Vol. 65, No. 18.
Authors: Abstract In the report, "Progress Toward Polio Eradication - Worldwide, 2015-2016," on page 471, in Table 2, the title should have read "Number of reported poliovirus cases, by country - worldwide, January 1, 2015-May 4, 2016," and the heading for the second column should have been "2015 (January-December)." PMID: 27197001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - May 21, 2016 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Polio vaccination: preparing for a change of routine
Publication date: Available online 19 May 2016 Source:The Lancet Author(s): Edward P K Parker, Nicholas C Grassly (Source: The Lancet)
Source: The Lancet - May 20, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Humoral and intestinal immunity induced by new schedules of bivalent oral poliovirus vaccine and one or two doses of inactivated poliovirus vaccine in Latin American infants: an open-label randomised controlled trial
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01831050, and has been completed. Findings Between May 20, 2013, and Aug 15, 2013, 940 eligible infants were enrolled and randomly assigned to the five treatment groups (210 to group 1, 210 to group 2, 100 to group 3, 210 to group 4, and 210 to group 5). One infant in group 1 was not vaccinated because their parents withdrew consent after enrolment and randomisation, so 939 infants actually received the vaccinations. Three doses of bOPV or tOPV elicited type 1 and 3 seroconversion rates of at least 97·7%. Type 2 seroconversion occurred in 19 of 198 infants...
Source: The Lancet - May 20, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The Role of Childhood Infections and Immunizations on Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma: A Report From the Children's Oncology Group
ConclusionsThis is the largest study of RMS to date demonstrating a possible protective effect of immunizations against the development of childhood RMS. Further studies are needed to validate our findings. Our findings add to the growing body of literature, suggesting a protective role of routine vaccinations in childhood cancer and specifically in childhood RMS. (Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer)
Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer - May 19, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Hari Sankaran, Heather E. Danysh, Michael E. Scheurer, M. Fatih Okcu, Stephen X. Skapek, Douglas S. Hawkins, Logan G. Spector, Erik B. Erhardt, Seymour Grufferman, Philip J. Lupo Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

[Comment] Polio vaccination: preparing for a change of routine
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is on the brink of a major milestone. As of April, 2016, the serotype 2 component of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) will be removed from all immunisation activities worldwide. This transition, which is the first step in the synchronised withdrawal of all OPV serotypes, is essential to the polio endgame strategy. Although wild type 2 polioviruses have not caused a case of paralytic disease since 1999, vaccine viruses of this serotype have continued to cause rare cases of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis in OPV recipients or their close contacts,1 and sporadic emergences of ci...
Source: LANCET - May 19, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Edward P K Parker, Nicholas C Grassly Tags: Comment Source Type: research

[Articles] Humoral and intestinal immunity induced by new schedules of bivalent oral poliovirus vaccine and one or two doses of inactivated poliovirus vaccine in Latin American infants: an open-label randomised controlled trial
bOPV provided humoral protection similar to tOPV against polio serotypes 1 and 3. After one or two IPV doses in addition to bOPV, 80% and 100% of infants seroconverted, respectively, and the vaccination induced a degree of intestinal immunity against type 2 poliovirus. (Source: LANCET)
Source: LANCET - May 19, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Edwin J Asturias, Ananda S Bandyopadhyay, Steve Self, Luis Rivera, Xavier Saez-Llorens, Eduardo Lopez, Mario Melgar, James T Gaensbauer, William C Weldon, M Steven Oberste, Bhavesh R Borate, Chris Gast, Ralf Clemens, Walter Orenstein, Miguel O'Ryan G, Jos Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Progress Toward Polio Eradication - Worldwide, 2015-2016.
This report summarizes global progress toward polio eradication during 2015-2016 and updates previous reports (2). In 2015, 74 WPV cases were reported in two countries (Afghanistan and Pakistan), a decrease of 79% from the 359 WPV cases reported in 2014 in nine countries; 12 WPV cases have been reported in 2016 (to date), compared with 23 during the same period in 2015 (3). Paralytic polio caused by circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) remains a risk in areas with low oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) coverage. Seven countries, including Pakistan, reported 32 cVDPV cases in 2015 (4). In four of these countries, ≥6...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - May 18, 2016 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Morales M, Tangermann RH, Wassilak SG Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

The “New Public” and the “Good Ol’ Press”: Evaluating Online News Sources During the 2013 Polio Outbreak in Israel
10.1080/10410236.2015.1110224 Anat Gesser-Edelsburg (Source: Health Communication)
Source: Health Communication - May 18, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Anat Gesser-Edelsburg Nathan Walter Yaffa Shir-Raz Source Type: research

The “New Public” and the “Good Ol’ Press”: Evaluating Online News Sources During the 2013 Polio Outbreak in Israel
. (Source: Health Communication)
Source: Health Communication - May 18, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Anat Gesser-Edelsburg Nathan Walter Yaffa Shir-Raz Source Type: research

[Investigation of adenovirus isolation frequency from the stool samples of patients suspected with acute flaccid paralysis].
Authors: Bayrakdar F, Coşgun Y, Salman Atak T, Karademir H, Korukluoğlu G Abstract Although adenoviruses (AdVs) generally cause upper respiratory tract infections, conjunctivitis/epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, gastroenteritis and pneumonia, they can lead to the involvement of central nervous system. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a type of seizure, characterized by rapid and sudden onset of extreme weakness in hands and feet, including (less frequently) weakness of respiratory and swallowing, representing with decreased muscle tone, especially in children below 15-year-old. The major viral cause of AFP is polio...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - May 17, 2016 Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

Using short-message-service notification as a method to improve acute flaccid paralysis surveillance in Papua New Guinea
High quality acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance is required to maintain polio-free status of a country. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is considered as one of the highest risk countries for polio re-importatio... (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - May 17, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Siddhartha Sankar Datta, Berry Ropa, Gerard Pai Sui, Ramzi Khattar, Ravi Shankar Santhana Gopala Krishnan and Hiromasa Okayasu Source Type: research

Achieving maternal and child health gains in Afghanistan: a Countdown to 2015 country case study
Publication date: June 2016 Source:The Lancet Global Health, Volume 4, Issue 6 Author(s): Nadia Akseer, Ahmad S Salehi, S M Moazzem Hossain, M Taufiq Mashal, M Hafiz Rasooly, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta Background After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Afghanistan experienced a tumultuous period of democracy overshadowed by conflict, widespread insurgency, and an inflow of development assistance. Although there have been several cross-sectional assessments of health gains over the last decade, there has been no systematic analysis of progress and factors influencing maternal and child health in...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - May 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Continuous active surveillance of adverse events following immunisation using SMS technology.
We report on childhood vaccine safety surveillance using SmartVax at a medical practice in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: Parents of all children under age five years who were vaccinated according to the Australian National Immunisation Schedule between November 2011 and June 2015 were sent an SMS three days post administration to enquire whether the child had experienced a suspected vaccine reaction. Affirmative replies triggered a follow-up SMS requesting details of the reaction(s) via a link to a survey that could be completed using a smartphone or the web. Rates of reported AEFI including fever, headache, fati...
Source: Vaccine - May 17, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Westphal DW, Williams SA, Leeb A, Effler PV Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Barriers to timely administration of birth dose vaccines in The Gambia, West Africa.
CONCLUSION: Vaccine coverage in The Gambia is high but infants are usually vaccinated after the neonatal period. Interventions to ensure the implementation of national vaccination policies are urgently needed. PMID: 27195759 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Vaccine)
Source: Vaccine - May 16, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Miyahara R, Jasseh M, Gomez P, Shimakawa Y, Greenwood B, Keita K, Ceesay S, D'Alessandro U, Roca A Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Noninvasive Ventilation in Early Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Proposals to use a helmetlike interface for noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIV) can be traced back to more than a century ago. Among the earliest descriptions, Brauer and Petersen, in 1904, developed a helmetlike positive pressure ventilation “cabinet” to be placed around the patient’s head, with an air-tight seal formed via a soft neck collar. This prescient invention garnered little attention at the time. Instead, negative pressure ventilation via the “iron lung” gained widespread use to treat respiratory failure from polio and was superseded by endotracheal intubation for invasi...
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - May 15, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

[Perspectives] Vaccination: a vexatious history
An unanticipated effect of the success of mass immunisation campaigns in western countries, no less than in Asia and the global south, is the more that vaccines have reduced the incidence of formerly deadly childhood diseases, the harder it becomes to convince parents that it is necessary for their own child to be vaccinated. This is particularly the case with a new generation of parents too young to have experienced measles or mumps for themselves, never mind diseases such as polio that cast a shadow over their grandparents' childhoods. (Source: LANCET)
Source: LANCET - May 13, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Mark Honigsbaum Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

Progress towards polio eradication worldwide, 2015–2016.
Progress towards polio eradication worldwide, 2015–2016. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2016 May 13;91(19):250-6 Authors: PMID: 27187994 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record)
Source: Weekly Epidemiological Record - May 13, 2016 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Wkly Epidemiol Rec Source Type: research

Franklin Delano Roosevelt: the Diagnosis of Poliomyelitis Revisited
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2016 Source:PM&R Author(s): John F. Ditunno, Bruce E. Becker, Gerald J. Herbison Revisiting the ailments of famous historical persons in light of contemporary medical understanding has become a common academic hobby. Public discussion of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s (FDR) diagnosis of poliomyelitis following his sudden onset of paralysis in 1921 has received just such a revisitation. Recently, this 2003 historical analysis has been widely referenced on the Internet and in biographies raising speculation that his actual diagnosis should have been Guillain-Barre Syn...
Source: PMandR - May 11, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Franklin Delano Roosevelt: the Diagnosis of Poliomyelitis Revisited
Revisiting the ailments of famous historical persons in light of contemporary medical understanding has become a common academic hobby. Public discussion of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s (FDR) diagnosis of poliomyelitis following his sudden onset of paralysis in 1921 has received just such a revisitation. Recently, this 2003 historical analysis has been widely referenced on the Internet and in biographies raising speculation that his actual diagnosis should have been Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a non-contagious disease of the peripheral nervous system rather than poliomyelitis. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 10, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: John F. Ditunno, Bruce E. Becker, Gerald J. Herbison Source Type: research

Franklin Delano Roosevelt: The Diagnosis of Poliomyelitis Revisited
Revisiting the ailments of famous historical persons in light of contemporary medical understanding has become a common academic hobby. Public discussion of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's (FDR) diagnosis of poliomyelitis after his sudden onset of paralysis in 1921 has received just such a revisitation. Recently, this 2003 historical analysis has been referenced widely on the Internet and in biographies, raising speculation that his actual diagnosis should have been Guillain-Barr é Syndrome, a noncontagious disease of the peripheral nervous system rather than poliomyelitis. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 10, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: John F. Ditunno, Bruce E. Becker, Gerald J. Herbison Tags: Invited Perspective —Historical Series Source Type: research

Multi‐stakeholder partnerships with the Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea to improve childhood immunization
ConclusionThe VPD‐focused programmatic activities in the DPRK have improved the delivery of childhood immunization, and have created dialogue and contact with the people of the DPRK. These efforts are likely to ameliorate the political isolation of the people of the DPRK, and potentially improve global health equity.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health)
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Hani Kim, Florian Marks, Uros Novakovic, Peter J. Hotez, Robert E. Black Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Missed opportunities in full immunization coverage: findings from low- and lower-middle-income countries.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show the need to develop and implement strategies to vaccinate all children who contact health services in order to receive other interventions. PMID: 27146444 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - May 7, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Evaluation of the enterovirus laboratory surveillance system in Denmark, 2010 to 2013
The primary aim of the Danish enterovirus (EV) surveillance system is to document absence of poliovirus infection. The conflict in Syria has left many children unvaccinated and movement from areas with polio cases to Europe calls for increased awareness to detect and respond to virus-transmission in a timely manner. We evaluate the national EV laboratory surveillance, to generate recommendations for system strengthening. The system was analysed for completeness of viral typing analysis and clinical information and timeliness of specimen collection, laboratory results and reporting of clinical information. Of 23,720 specime...
Source: Eurosurveillance - May 5, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The influence of a powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis on walking in poliomyelitis subjects: A pilot study
Conclusion: The new powered orthosis permitted improved knee joint kinematic for knee–ankle–foot orthosis users while providing knee support in stance and active knee motion in swing in the gait cycle. Therefore, the new powered orthosis provided more natural knee flexion during swing for orthosis users compared to the locked knee–ankle–foot orthosis. Clinical relevance This orthosis has the potential to improve knee joint kinematics and gait pattern in poliomyelitis subjects during walking activities. (Source: Prosthetics and Orthotics International)
Source: Prosthetics and Orthotics International - May 5, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Arazpour, M., Moradi, A., Samadian, M., Bahramizadeh, M., Joghtaei, M., Ahmadi Bani, M., Hutchins, S. W., Mardani, M. A. Tags: Original Research Reports Source Type: research