What are the benefits and risks of psychological therapies for adults with persistent and distressing pain that is neither cancer-related nor a headache?
Chronic pain is a major problem for many people, and it ’s important to have up-to-date evidence on the effects of possible treatments. With that in mind, we published the third update of the Cochrane Review of psychological therapies for chronic pain in August 2020 and here’s lead author, Amanda Williams from University College London in the UK to t ell us about the latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 16, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Interventions for renal vasculitis in adults
Renal vasculitis causes damage to the small blood vessels inside the kidneys and - when untreated - can lead to a rapid loss of kidney function. Therapies that block the immune system to switch off the vasculitis process are available but can lead to serious infections and other long-term complications. The Cochrane Review of treatments to induce and maintain disease remission for renal vasculitis was updated in January 2020 and we asked lead author, Giles Walters from Canberra Hospital in Australia to bring us up-to-date with the findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Which medicines work best to prevent people from being sick (vomiting) after an operation?
Many people experience nausea or vomiting after surgery and dozens of drugs have been tested to prevent it. A new Cochrane review from October 2020 brings together all the trials in a network meta-analysis and we asked senior author Peter Kranke from the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care at the University Hospital Wuerzburg in Germany to tell us about the importance of the review and what this vast amount of research tells us. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs compared with other oral pain killers for sprains, strains and bruises
Soft tissue injuries are common and one of the Cochrane Reviews of their treatment was updated in August 2020 to assess the effects of different types of pain killer. Here's Peter Jones from Auckland City Hospital in New Zealand to outline the latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

What factors influence a person's decision whether or not to take part in a randomised trial?
One of the most used Cochrane Methodology Reviews looks at the effects of interventions intended to boost recruitment to randomised trials. In October 2020, this was supplemented by a qualitative evidence synthesis of factors that impact on a person ’s decision to join a trial. We asked the lead author, Catherine Houghton from the National University of Galway in Ireland to outline the findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Do blood thinners prevent people who are hospitalised with COVID-19 from developing blood clots?
Cochrane is preparing a series of rapid reviews to help decision makers with their response to COVID-19. In October 2020, we published the findings on the effects of anticoagulants and lead author, Ronald Flumignan from the Federal University of Sao Paulo in Brazil describes what they found in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 30, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

How effective is screening for COVID-19?
Screening programmes are in place for many conditions and the COVID-19 pandemic has led to discussions of whether people should be screened for SARS-CoV-2, which is the virus that causes COVID-19. A Cochrane rapid review from September 2020 looks at the evidence for universal screening and we asked lead author, Meera Viswanathan from RTI International in the USA to describe the findings in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 27, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Psychological therapies for people with borderline personality disorder
Borderline personality disorder is a severe mental disorder, which has a substantial impact on the lives of patients and those around them. A variety of psychological therapies have been tried and, in May 2020, the latest evidence on these was brought together in a Cochrane Review. We asked one of the authors, Mie Sedoc J ørgensen from Region Zealand Psychiatry in Denmark, to tell us what it shows. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 26, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Is plasma from people who have recovered from COVID-19 an effective treatment for people with COVID-19?
Cochrane is producing a series of reviews to help decision makers respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and is keeping these up to date as new evidence emerges. In October 2020, we published our second update of the review of convalescent plasma and hyperimmune immunoglobulin and we asked its lead author, Khai Li Chai from Monash University in Australia, to tell us about the latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 20, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

How effective is pelvic floor muscle training undertaken during pregnancy or after birth for preventing or treating incontinence?
Many women suffer from incontinence during or after pregnancy, and pelvic muscle exercises are one way to help. An updated Cochrane Review in May 2020 presents the evidence from 46 trials and we asked two of the authors, Stephanie Woodley and Jean Hay-Smith from the University of Otago in New Zealand, to tell us about the latest findings. Here ’s Stephanie to begin. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 9, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

How accurate is chest imaging for diagnosing COVID-19?
The COVID-19 pandemic is creating challenges for diagnosis of the disease, as well as for its treatment and the rapid reviews being prepared by Cochrane are covering both of these areas. We asked the lead author of the September 2020 review of the evidence on using imaging tests to diagnose the condition, Jean-Paul Salameh from The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute in Canada, to describe their findings in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Does quarantine, alone or in combination with other public health measures, control coronavirus (COVID-19)?
COVID-19 has spread quickly throughout the world, and Cochrane is maintaining a series of rapid reviews of the evidence to help decision makers respond to the pandemic. In this podcast, lead author, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit from Danube University Krems in Austria outlines the findings of the review of quarantine, which was originally requested by the World Health Organization and was first published in April, before being updated in September 2020. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - September 29, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Can travel-related control measures contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic?
COVID-19 has spread quickly throughout the world, and Cochrane is preparing a series of rapid reviews of the evidence to help decision makers with their response. In this podcast, lead author, Jake Burns from the University of Munich in Germany describes the findings of our review of the effects of travel-related control measures, which was published in September 2020. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - September 18, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Prolonged lung inflation for resuscitation of babies at birth
The Cochrane Neonatal Group has produced 400 Cochrane Reviews over the last two decades, updating these periodically as new evidence becomes available. In March 2020, they published the second update of their review of using sustained or standard inflation to help newborn babies who are struggling to breathe. We asked Dina Muscat Meng, Communications Consultant at Cochrane Sweden, to interview lead author and Director at Cochrane Sweden, Matteo Bruschettini, to tell us about the latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - September 7, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Behavioural activation therapy for depression in adults
Depression affects vast numbers of people around the world and our collection of relevant reviews was added to in July 2020 with a new review of the effects of a therapy known as behavioural activation. We asked the lead author, Eleonora Uphoff from the Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group based at the University of York in the UK to tell us about the findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - August 7, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Patient-initiated appointments for people with chronic conditions managed in hospital outpatient settings
One technique that has been suggested to improve patients ’ interaction with secondary care is to give them more control over the setting of their appointments. In April 2020, a new Cochrane Review of relevant research was published by a team of authors from the south west of England. We asked two of them to tell us about the findings in this podcast, be ginning with Mark Perry from United Hospitals Plymouth and Plymouth University Peninsula School of Medicine and Dentistry, followed by Rebecca Whear from the University of Exeter’s Medical School. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - August 7, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Health workers' perceptions and experiences of using mHealth technologies to deliver primary healthcare services: a qualitative evidence synthesis
Alongside the Cochrane Reviews being prepared with a special focus on COVID-19, we have many reviews that provide useful information for policy makers during the pandemic. Among these is a new qualitative evidence synthesis from March 2020 on the use of mobile devices by health workers. In this podcast, Adriaan Odendaal speaks to lead author Willem Odendaal from the South African Medical Research Council about the review ’s findings and its relevance to COVID-19. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - August 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Plasma from people who have recovered from COVID-19 to treat individuals with COVID-19
Cochrane is producing a series of reviews to help decision makers respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. In July 2020, we published our first update of the review of convalescent plasma and hyperimmune immunoglobulin and we asked its lead author, Vanessa Piechotta from the University Hospital Cologne in Germany, to tell us what they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - August 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Interventions available during pandemics for heavy menstrual bleeding: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented many challenges for healthcare systems. Interventions which were routinely delivered before 2020 are now difficult to administer and it is important to identify the effectiveness of interventions that are available. One way to do this is through focused overviews of existing reviews and this was done in July 2020 for interventions for heavy menstrual bleeding. In this podcast, Dr Martin Hirsch from University College Hospitals talks to Dr James Duffy from King ’s Fertility about the findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - August 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Exercise for dysmenorrhoea
Dysmenorrhoea is the medical name given to painful uterine cramps of menstrual origin, which is also known as period pain. There are several Cochrane Reviews of ways that might ease this and the one investigating the benefits of exercise was updated in September 2019. Here ’s one of the authors, Jane Chalmers from Western Sydney University in Australia, to tell us what it found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - August 3, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Interventions for helping older adults prescribed multiple medications to use and take their medications
Older people often have multiple chronic health problems, requiring multiple different medicines. However, this can be challenging and a new Cochrane Review in May 2020 examines the effectiveness of interventions that might help them. Here ’s lead author, Amanda Cross from Monash University in Parkville Australia to tell us what the review found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - July 16, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation versus surgical aortic valve replacement in people with severe aortic stenosis and low surgical risk
The Cochrane Heart Group have produced more than 200 reviews, covering a very wide range of conditions and interventions. In December 2019, they published a new review comparing different procedures for patients with severe aortic stenosis and we asked the lead author, Ahmed Kolkailah from the Department of Medicine at Cook County Health in Chicago, USA to tell us about the condition and the review ’s findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - July 16, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Can symptoms and medical examination accurately diagnose COVID-19 disease?
COVID-19 has spread quickly throughout the world, and Cochrane is producing a series of rapid reviews to help decision makers deal with the pandemic and its impact. One of these reviews, published in June 2020, examines the accuracy of using signs and symptoms to diagnose whether someone has the disease. We asked the lead author, Thomas Struyf from the KU Leuven in Belgium, to tell us why the review is needed and what they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - July 9, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery through the abdomen for treating urinary incontinence in women
Cochrane Incontinence has produced more than 40 systematic reviews of interventions that might help people suffering from incontinence. In this podcast, one of the group ’s researchers, Fiona Stewart, talks with author Wael Agur, a subspecialist and lead urogynaecologist for NHS Ayrshire& Arran, UK, about the December 2019 update for one of these, looking at the effects of a type of surgery called laparoscopic colposuspension. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - June 10, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Video calls for reducing social isolation and loneliness in older people
The response to the COVID-19 pandemic has included restrictions on some people ’s movement, to try to protect them from the virus. This isolation may have adverse effects on mental health and, in May 2020, we published a rapid review of the effects of using video calls to ease this among older people. We asked the lead reviewer, Chris Noone from the National University of Ir eland in Galway to describe the evidence that they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - June 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Enteral lactoferrin supplementation for prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants
Sepsis is the most common cause of death for newborn babies worldwide. Mohan Pammi and Gautham Suresh from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, USA updated the Cochrane review of the evidence on the use of lactoferrin, in March 2020, and we asked Mohan to describe the latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - June 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Community-based maternal and newborn educational care packages for improving neonatal health and survival in low- and middle-income countries
Poor health is a common problem for many newborn babies in low-resource settings. One way to help with this might be through the delivery of educational care packages to mothers and communities, and a new Cochrane review from November 2019 looked at the evidence for these. We asked lead author Zohra Lassi from the Robinson Research Institute at the University of Adelaide in Australia to take us through the findings of the review. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - June 4, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Plasma from people who have recovered from COVID-19 to treat individuals with COVID-19
Cochrane is producing a series of reviews to help decision makers respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. In May 2020, we published our rapid review of the effects of convalescent plasma and hyperimmune immunoglobulin and we asked its lead author, Sarah Valk from the Center for Clinical Transfusion Research at Sanquin Blood Supply in the Netherlands, to tell us what they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - May 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Does cleaning hands with ash stop or reduce the spread of viral and bacterial infections compared with soap or other materials?
Coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, has spread quickly throughout the world, and Cochrane is producing reviews to help decision makers respond to the pandemic. In April 2020, we published the rapid review of the effects of using ash for cleaning hands when soap and water are not available. In this podcast, Lars J ørgensen from the Nordic Cochrane Centre spoke to his colleague there, Asger Paludan-Müller, about the review. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - April 28, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Fluoxetine for overweight or obese adults
Obesity is a problem worldwide and several Cochrane Reviews examine interventions that might help to prevent or reduce it. These were added to in October 2019 with a new review examining the evidence on the drug fluoxetine. Here ’s the lead author, Alejandro Gonzalez Garay from the National Institute of Paediatrics in Mexico City to let us know what they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - April 28, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Factors that influence whether healthcare workers follow infection prevention and control guidelines for respiratory infectious diseases
COVID-19 has spread quickly, and Cochrane is producing a series of rapid reviews of relevant evidence to help decision makers. One of these looks at the views of healthcare workers on infection prevention and control guidelines, and we asked lead author, Catherine Houghton from the National University of Ireland in Galway to describe the key findings, published in April 2020. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - April 21, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Protective clothes and equipment for healthcare workers to prevent them catching coronavirus and other highly infectious diseases
This podcast was published with anearlier version of this review, but it is still valid for theversion published in May 2020.Coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, has spread quickly throughout the world, and we are updating the most relevant Cochrane reviews, as well as preparing rapid reviews of new topics. In this podcast, we asked author Blair Rajam äki from the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio to describe the findings of the April 2020 update on the effects of personal protective equipment for healthcare workers. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - April 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Protective clothes and equipment for healthcare workers to prevent them catching coronavirus and other highly infectious diseases
Coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, has spread quickly throughout the world, and we are updating the most relevant Cochrane reviews, as well as preparing rapid reviews of new topics. In this podcast, we asked author Blair Rajam äki from the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio to describe the findings of the April 2020 update on the effects of personal protective equipment for healthcare workers. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - April 9, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

How effective is quarantine alone or combined with other public health measures to control coronavirus (COVID-2019)?
Coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, has spread quickly throughout the world, and Cochrane is producing a series of rapid reviews of the evidence to help decision makers respond to the pandemic. In this podcast, lead author, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit from Danube University Krems in Austria outlines the findings of our review of the effectiveness of quarantine, which was requested by the World Health Organization and published in early April 2020. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - April 8, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID-19: a rapid review
Coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, has spread quickly throughout the world, and Cochrane is producing a series of rapid reviews of the evidence to help decision makers respond to the pandemic. In this podcast, lead author, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit from Danube University Krems in Austria outlines the findings of our review of the effectiveness of quarantine, which was requested by the World Health Organization and published in early April 2020. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - April 8, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for stroke recovery
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability across the world, with many reviews from the Cochrane Stroke Group providing evidence on the effects of treatments and rehabilitation interventions. In November 2019, the Group published their update of their review of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and we asked lead author, Gillian Mead from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, to tell us more. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - February 18, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Is vitamin D supplementation beneficial or harmful for women during pregnancy?
Many pregnant women have Vitamin D deficiency, and might consider taking oral supplements to counter this. In July 2019, Cristina Palacios from Florida International University in the USA, and colleagues, updated their Cochrane Review of the evidence. She tells us more in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - February 13, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Regular treatment with formoterol and inhaled steroids for chronic asthma: serious adverse events
Most Cochrane Reviews seek to cover both the benefits and harms of interventions, but the complexity of the research on the adverse effects of some treatments means that a few reviews are dedicated to just the potential harms. One of these, on one of the drugs used for treating asthma was updated in September 2019, and lead author, Sadia Janjua from the Population Health Research Institute at the University of London in the UK, tells us about the latest findings in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - January 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Flexibility exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia
People with fibromyalgia have persistent, widespread body pain and there are more than 30 Cochrane Reviews of interventions that might help them. In September 2019, a new review was added to the Cochrane Library, studying the effects of flexibility exercise training. We asked its lead author, Soo Kim from the University of Saskatchewan in Canada, to tell us about the findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - January 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Pharmacies might be able to support people with their depression medicines
The Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group had published more than 180 reviews relevant to conditions such as anxiety and depression by the end of 2019. In December 2019, they added a review of whether pharmacist support can help people take their anti-depressants and we asked one of the authors, Jennifer Brown from the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination at the University of York in the UK, to tell us about the latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - January 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Can people stop smoking by cutting down the amount they smoke first?
There are more than 50 Cochrane Reviews of the effects of interventions to help people quit smoking; one of which investigates whether reducing smoking before quitting might be an alternative to stopping suddenly. It was updated in September 2019 and we asked lead author, Nicola Lindson, from the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group based in the University of Oxford in the UK to tell us about their latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - December 4, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

A review of which advocacy interventions work to help abused women, and under what circumstances, and which women are likely to benefit
Almost all Cochrane Reviews use a systematic methodology in which the rules for including a study are clearly defined in advance, the researchers try to find and include all such studies and seek an estimate of the size of the effect of an intervention or the accuracy of a diagnostic test. However, some researchers wish to look more at why and how interventions or actions work, and a realist approach might be more appropriate for their review. One of the first such Cochrane reviews was published in June 2019, assessing advocacy interventions for abused women, and we asked lead author, Carol Rivas from University College Lo...
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 27, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Lifestyle changes for treating psoriasis
Psoriasis is a common skin problem and there are several Cochrane Reviews of various ways to treat it. These were added to in July 2019 with the publication of a new review on the potential benefits of lifestyle changes. We asked Professor Ching-Chi Chi from the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taoyuan Taiwan to tell us what they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 25, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

What is the best way to use nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking?
Nicotine replacement therapy has been used to help people stop smoking for more than 20 years, and a large and growing body of research has tested it. To help cope with this, some of the related Cochrane Reviews have been divided up and in April 2019 the evidence on different doses, durations and modes of delivery was updated into a new review. Here ’s one of the authors, Samantha Chepkin from Cochrane UK to tell us what they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 17, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Can rewards help smokers to quit in the long term?
Smoking is still the biggest cause of preventable death worldwide and there are more than 50 Cochrane Reviews of the effects of interventions to help people quit. One of these, on the use of incentives, which was last published in 2015 was updated in July 2019. We asked the new lead author, Caitlin Notley, from the University of East Anglia in the UK to bring us up to date with the evidence. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 16, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Xpert MTB/RIF and Xpert Ultra for diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance in adults
Most Cochrane Reviews look at the effects of interventions on health, but a growing number provide evidence on how to diagnose a disease. In June 2019, one of these, on a test used to detect tuberculosis, was updated. The lead author, David Horne from the University of Washington in Seattle in the USA, sets the scene and tells us what the review found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 10, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Does motivational interviewing help people to quit smoking?
Smoking remains a substantial public health problem around the world and the search for effective ways to help people stop is ongoing, with more than 50 Cochrane Reviews providing evidence on a wide variety of interventions. One of these reviews, on motivational interviewing, was updated in July 2019 and the lead author, Nicola Lindson from the University of Oxford in the UK brings us up to date in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 9, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Screening for malignant melanoma (a type of skin cancer)
Malignant melanoma, which can be fatal, is increasingly common and there is debate about whether it should join the list of cancers that are screened for. A new Cochrane Review from June 2019 looks at the current evidence and we asked one of the authors, Minna Johansson from Cochrane Sweden, to tell us what they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Effects of nutritional interventions to increase nutritional status in children living in urban slums in low- and middle-income countries
Cochrane Reviews cover a wide range of issues relating to good nutrition for children and adults and the collection were added to in June 2019 by a reviews dedicated to issues faced by young children living in urban slums in low- and middle-income countries. We asked the lead author, Sophie Goudet from the Centre for Global Health and Human Development at Loughborough University in the UK, to tell us about the need for the review and what it found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - September 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts