Is ultrasound guidance a good option for peripheral intravenous cannulation in adults?
The intravenous administration of fluids and drugs, and the drawing of blood samples requires the placing of a catheter or cannula into a vein using a needle in a procedure known as peripheral intravenous cannulation. There are different ways to guide the procedure and a new Cochrane Review from December 2022 looks at the effect of using ultrasound guidance. In this podcast, Edoardo Ostinelli from the University of Oxford talks with lead author Masafumi Tada from Kyoto University in Japan, about the review. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - January 27, 2023 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Yoga for chronic non-specific low back pain
Low-back pain is a very common problem, and a variety of treatments have been assessed in Cochrane Reviews. In November 2022, we published an update of the 2017 Cochrane review of the effects of yoga for chronic, non-specific low-back pain. The review was led by Susan Wieland of the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field in the USA, together with colleagues from Canada, Germany and the UK. Here ’s another of the authors on the review, Shireen Harbin from the Institute for Work& Health in Toronto Canada to tell us about the latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - January 24, 2023 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Xpert Ultra for diagnosing tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance in children
Most Cochrane Reviews look at the effects of interventions on health, but a growing number provide evidence on how to diagnose a disease. In September 2022, one of these diagnostic test accuracy reviews was updated for a test used to detect tuberculosis in children. The lead author, Alex Kay (left), and co-author, Tara Ness, from the Texas Children ’s Hospital in Houston in the USA, tell us about the importance of the review and its latest findings in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - January 20, 2023 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Additional therapies used with exercise therapy for hip or knee osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is the commonest type of arthritis and there are Cochrane reviews for many interventions that might be used to treat it. These were added to in October 2022 with a new review of the effects of using adjunctive therapies along with land-based exercise therapy for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. In this podcast, podcast editor Mike Clarke speaks with lead author Helen French from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, about the importance of the review and its findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - January 20, 2023 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Blood pressure targets in people with cardiovascular disease
Many people with heart or vascular problems also have high blood pressure, and the latest update of the Cochrane Review of using blood pressure targets in their treatment was published in November 2022. Here ' s lead author, Luis Carlos Saiz from the Navarre Health Service in Pamplona Spain, to tell us about the review and its latest findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - January 10, 2023 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Opioid maintenance medicines for the treatment of dependence on opioid pain medicines
Some patients who take pharmaceutical opioids to treat pain become dependent on them and might need to switch to medications such as opioid agonists. In September 2022, an updated Cochrane Review brought together the relevant evidence and, in this podcast, Addiction Psychiatrist Shalini Arunogiri from Monash University and Turning Point in Melbourne talks with lead author, Suzanne Nielsen (or Suzi) from the Monash Addiction Research Centre in Australia. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - December 15, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Which medicines, taken by mouth or injected, work best to treat a skin condition called plaque psoriasis?
The Cochrane Skin Group has produced some of the largest Cochrane reviews, providing a “one stop shop” for people interested in a wide range of interventions for a particular skin condition. One such example is the review of systemic medicines to treat psoriasis, which was updated for the fourth time in May 2022. We asked two of the authors, Laurence Le Cleach, head of the French satellite of the Cochrane Skin group and dermatologist at Henri Mondor hospital, AP-HP in France and Emilie Sbidian, a dermatologist working at the same hospital, to describe the findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 22, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Hydroxyurea (also known as hydroxycarbamide) for people with sickle cell disease
Several Cochrane Reviews evaluate treatments for sickle cell disease, which can cause a huge burden for patients and their families. The review on the effects of hydroxyurea was updated in September 2022 by Angela Rankine-Mullings from the Sickle Cell Unit, Caribbean Institute for Health Research at The University of the West Indies in Jamaica and Sarah Nevitt, from the Department of Health Data Science, University of Liverpool in UK. We asked Angela to outline the need for the review and its latest findings in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 14, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

What is the accuracy of different combinations of ultrasound imaging and blood tests to diagnose ovarian cancer in women before and after the menopause?
Hundreds of Cochrane reviews have been published over the last 25 years relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of cancers, including ovarian cancer. In a new review from July 2022, Clare Davenport, from the University of Birmingham in the UK, and colleagues examined the evidence on the use of multiple tests to detect it and she tells us what they found in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 9, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Do school-based physical activity interventions increase moderate to vigorous physical activity and improve physical fitness among children and adolescents?
Identifying ways to help people be physically active should help improve their health and well-being, and prevent premature deaths. There are several relevant Cochrane reviews and one published in September 2021 looks at school-based programs. Here ' s the review ' s first author, Sarah Neil-Sztramko, from McMaster University in Canada to tell us about the importance of the review and its findings. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - November 9, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Periodic change of body position under phototherapy in term and preterm neonates with hyperbilirubinaemia
Some new-born babies suffer from jaundice and there are several Cochrane reviews of possible ways to treat it, including the use of phototherapy. These reviews were added to in March 2022 with a new review of the effects of changing the baby ’s position under the phototherapy. Lead author, Anu Thukral from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences tells us about the findings in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 13, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Mental health support in the community for refugee children and adolescents in high-income countries
The Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group has published more than 200 reviews and, in May 2022, they added a new review of community ‐based interventions for improving the mental health of refugee children and adolescents in high‐income countries. One of the authors, Noortje Uphoff who works with the Group at the University of York in the UK, tells us more in this podcast. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - October 4, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Which combinations of medicines are best for the prevention and treatment of anaemia in people with cancer?
Cochrane has produced several systematic reviews of interventions that might help people suffering from anaemia. In this podcast, Claire Iannizzi talks with lead author Anne Adams, both from the University Hospital Cologne in Germany, about a review of intravenous, oral or no iron in combination with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents for cancer patients with anaemia, which was published for the first time in June 2022. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - September 23, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

Control interventions in randomised trials for people with a mental health disorder
The Cochrane Methodology Review  Group produces reviews that examine the methods used in research and, in April 2022, we published a new review of the effects of having different types of control group in trials among people with mental health disorders. Here ' s lead author, Erlend Faltinsen from Cochrane Denmark, to tell us about the review and its findings (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - September 20, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts

How accurate are rapid antigen tests for diagnosing COVID-19?
Several of the Cochrane reviews in our collection for COVID-19 relate to diagnosis and the second update for one of these, on the use of rapid point-of-care antigen tests was published in July 2022. Here ' s lead author Jacqueline Dinnes from the University of Birmingham in the UK to tell us what they found. (Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library)
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - September 20, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Cochrane Source Type: podcasts