Crashworthiness of hybrid composite-metal tubes with lateral corrugations in axial and oblique loadings - Sadighi A, Azimi MB, Asgari M, Eyvazian A.
In this paper, a meticulous parametric study has been conducted into the crashworthiness of tubes with lateral corrugations. Such corrugated aluminum tubes had already shown to have favourable results as energy absorbers. Consequently, in order to find the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Crashworthiness parameters and their improvement using tubes as an energy absorbing structure: an overview - Bhutada S, Goel MD.
This work overviews the axial crushing behaviour of tube in absorbing kinetic energy produced due to impact collision. Key insights on crash mechanics of crumple zone are provided to understand the crashworthiness characteristics of crash tubes. Parameters... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Crashworthiness performance of thin-walled, square tubes with circular hole discontinuities under high-speed impact loading - Taghipoor H, Ghiaskar A, Shavalipour A.
This paper presents an experimental investigation about the effect of the hole on the crushing force of thin tubes with the square cross-section under axial impact with a high strain rate. To this end, 24 absorbers were studied and their crushing propertie... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Crashworthiness study of UCAV's main landing gear using explicit dynamics - Swati RF, AsfandYar Amjad M, Talha M, Elahi H, Hamdani HR, Khan AA, Qureshi SR.
In the aircraft industry, the ultimate goal in any component's design is to minimize its weight, maximize its durability, and increasing its life while keeping its overall life cycle costs low. As technology is progressing, UCAVs are gaining more and more ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Design and optimisation of vehicle frontal bumper beam with alternative carbon fibre-reinforced plastics in corrugated sandwich structure - Li M, Sang L, Xiong Z, Hou W.
Bumper beam is the key structure to protect the vehicle from impact collision. The aim of this paper is to propose a novel bumper beam consisting of continuous carbon fibre-reinforced plastic (CFRP) bumper beam, which is assembled by carbon fibre-reinforce... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Development of AEB control strategy for autonomous vehicles on snow-asphalt joint pavement - Wang X, Wang J, Sun W, Wang Y, Xie F, Guo D.
ABSRACTAn autonomous emergency braking (AEB) algorithm for snow-asphalt joint pavement is proposed. Based on machine vision and kinetic analysis, we realize the identification of road information, including the road type, slope, and road section lengths. A... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Effect of multi-story brace distribution on seismic performance of RC tall bridge bents retrofitted with buckling restrained braces - Xiang N, Alam MS, Li J.
This study attempts to investigate the effect of the BRB distribution on the seismic performance of retrofitted multi-story RC tall bridge bents. Different BRB distributions were compared, from which the most efficient one was identified. The results showe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Estimation of the damage-based residual displacement spectrum for simple structures - Hu J, Liu B.
A statistical study aimed at estimating residual displacement spectrum (Cr) of single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) systems with a given damage index is developed. The Cr are calculated with the Park-Ang damage model, which can be parameterized in terms of the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Evaluation of occupant neck injury response to varied impact conditions using a finite element-mathematical surrogate modeling approach - Berthelson PR, Ghassemi P, Wood JW, Liu Y, Al-Graitti AJ, Jones MD, Chowdhury S, Prabhu RK.
This study presents car crash-induced neck injury trends in response to variations in three impact variables: velocity (10 − 45 mph; 16.1 − 72.4 km/h), location (front, rear, near side, and far side), and angle (-45° to 45°). By employing a combined ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Evaluation parameters and criteria for the reduction of minor neck injuries during rear-end impacts: human volunteer experiments and accident reconstruction using human FE model simulations - Sato F, Antona J, Ejima S, Yamazaki K, Ono K, Pramudita JAA, Ujihashi S, Kaneoka K.
In this study, a neck injury criteria would be proposed based on the hypothesis that neck pain is evoked by local strain on the cervical vertebral disk and facet joint caused by hyper translation and rotation of cervical vertebrae. Cervical vertebral motio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Examining the association between the built environment and active travel using GPS data: a study of a large residential area (Daju) in Shanghai - Zhang S, Li J, Wang L, Kwan MP, Chai Y, Du Y, Zhou K, Gu H, Sun W.
Automobile dependence and physical inactivity have become common health challenges for residents in large suburban residential areas. Limited literature has examined the associations between the built environment and active travel in such residential areas... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Examining the factors effecting severity of two-wheeler crashes at intersections - Choudhary A, Garg RD, Jain SS.
For short-distance travellers, two-wheelers have become a standard transportation mode and an ideal alternative (compact size, economical, easy parking), to four-wheelers particularly in developing countries. However, two-wheelers are associated with diffe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Human gait activity recognition machine learning methods - Slemen šek J, Fister I, Geršak J, Bratina B, van Midden VM, Pirtosek Z, Šafarič R.
Human gait activity recognition is an emerging field of motion analysis that can be applied in various application domains. One of the most attractive applications includes monitoring of gait disorder patients, tracking their disease progression and the mo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Enhanced seismic response prediction of critical structures via 3D regional scale physics-based earthquake simulation - Korres M, Lopez-Caballero F, Alves Fernandes V, Gatti F, Zentner I, Voldoire F, Clouteau D, Castro-Cruz D.
Realistic physics-based 3D earthquake simulation for source-to-structure wave propagation consists of a powerful numerical tool for seismic response prediction of critical structures submitted to high safety standards. Structural response considering soil-... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Validating resilient detailing of Japanese ceilings, windows, and wall tiles using an e-defense shake-table test - Yagi S, Teramoto A, Yeow T, Seike T, Kusunoki K, Nakamura I.
Ceilings, windows, and wall tiles were installed in a 3-story reinforced concrete structure subjected to shake-table tests. Alternative detailing for each type was used to evaluate their impact on seismic performance. The ceiling built using conventional d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2023 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news