What Are Risk Factors for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia?
Discussion Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) was first described in 1967 by Northway et.al. At that time it was described as “relatively mature preterm infants with severe respiratory failure to survive their initial respiratory distress syndrome after receiving aggressive respiratory support with high oxygen and positive pressure ventilation. Their clinical course was characterized by severe chronic respiratory failure with a radiographic picture showing areas of hyperinflation alternating with adjacent increased densities.” This is often referred to as “Old BPD.” Over time more has been learned and...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - May 10, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

PICU:'Feed Early, Feed Well' With Enteral Nutrition PICU:'Feed Early, Feed Well' With Enteral Nutrition
However, early parenteral nutrition, administered in the first 24 hours after admission, might cause harm, evidence indicates.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - February 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Critical Care News Source Type: news

Cincinnati Children's scientists identify hormone that might help treat malabsorption
(Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center) Scientists at Cincinnati Children's used human intestinal organoids grown from stem cells to discover how our bodies control the absorption of nutrients from the food we eat. They further found that one hormone might be able to reverse a congenital disorder in babies who cannot adequately absorb nutrients and need intravenous feeding to survive. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Practical guidance for using'MUST' to identify malnutrition during the COVID-19 pandemic, British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN)
BAPEN Malnutrition Action Group (MAG) update. Due to the variety of potential nutritional issues patients with Covid-19 may face, whether in hospital or at home, we recommend routine identification of malnutrition. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Nasogastric tube placement checks before first use in critical care settings during the COVID-19 response, British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
This easy reference guide has been produced because some aspects of COVID-19 presentation and treatment present special challenges for safely confirming nasogastric tube position. The dense ground-glass x-ray images can make x-ray interpretation more difficult, and the increasing use of proning manoeuvres in conscious patients increases the risk of regurgitation of gastric contents into the oesophagus and aspiration into the lungs which will render pH checks less reliable (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers: Emergency Use of Infusion Pumps and Infusion Pump Accessories During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Published: 5/13/2020. This two-page fact sheet informs healthcare providers of the significant known and potential risks and benefits of the emergency use of infusion pumps and infusion pump accessories. Certain infusion pumps and infusion pump accessories are authorized for emergency use by healthcare providers to treat conditions caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with the controlled infusion of medications, total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and/or other fluids. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - May 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Family integrated care in single family rooms for preterm infants and late-onset sepsis: a retrospective study and mediation analysis
Conclusion(s): SFRs were associated with decreased incidences of LOS and shorter length of hospital stay. The positive effect of SFRs on LOS was mainly mediated through a decreased use of PN in SFRs. Impact: Family integrated care (FICare) in single family rooms for preterm infants was associated with less late-onset sepsis events during hospital stay and a shorter length of hospital stay after birth.FICare in single family rooms was associated with less use of peripheral or central venous catheters and parenteral nutrition.Mediation analysis provided insights into the mechanisms underlying the effect of FICare in single f...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Overlooked Virus Killer
Sales of vitamin C supplements have tripled in the last few weeks… And the most powerful kind of vitamin C is sold out on Amazon. (More on that in a minute.) I’m glad to see people turning to vitamin C. But the the chewable form you usually find at the drugstore won’t give you the boost you’re looking for. You see, absorption — or bioavailability — is an issue, and your body can only absorb about 500 mg of this conventional form of vitamin C before you hit saturation. And that’s nowhere near enough. In a moment I’ll show you a better form of vitamin C… and how you can take ...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - May 6, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dr.A.Sears Tags: Health Nutrition Source Type: news

High Demand Caused by COVID-19 Helps Baxter Beat 1Q20 Expectations
Baxter International is experiencing significant revenue growth because of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Because of the virus’s impact, the Deerfield, IL-based company beat Wall Street expectations for its 1Q20 earnings. Baxter reported results of $2.8 billion, a 6% increase from the $2.6 billion reported in 1Q19. The results beat out consensus, which came in at about $2.7 billion. Higher demand for Baxter’s continuous renal placement therapy line, generic injectables and parenteral nutrition therapies, and intravenous solutions contributed to sales growth. Executives estimated that ...
Source: MDDI - May 4, 2020 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Omar Ford Tags: COVID-19 Business Source Type: news

Nutrition in Sepsis: A Bench-to-Bedside Review
Nutrition therapy in sepsis is challenging and differs from the standard feeding approach in critically ill patients. The dysregulated host response caused by infection induces progressive physiologic alterations, which may limit metabolic capacity by impairing mitochondrial function. Hence, early artificial nutrition should be ramped-up and emphasis laid on the post-acute phase of critical illness. This review aims to provide an overview and practical recommendations of all aspects of nutritional therapy in the setting of sepsis. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - March 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What Causes Neutropenia?
Discussion Neuropenia is defined as a neutrophil count < 1500/µL. It is classified as mild from 1000-1500/µL, moderate from 500-1000/µL, and severe if < 500/µL. It is not uncommonly seen in the setting of acute self-limited infections, and with re-testing returns to normal. It is also not uncommon at certain ages, such as perinatally, especially in premature infants (up to 6%) . It is also common in certain ethnic groups particularly African American or Arabic populations where up to 10% of the children may have mild neutropenia which does not cause clinical disease. The overall prevalence a...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - March 2, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Dr. Stanley Dudrick, Who Saved Post-Surgical Patients, Dies at 84
Why were they dying after “successful” operations? He discovered the cause and came up with a remedy: intravenous nutrition — a technique that has saved millions of lives. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - February 28, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Sam Roberts Tags: Deaths (Obituaries) Diet and Nutrition Surgery and Surgeons Malnutrition University of Texas system Dudrick, Dr. Stanley J. Total Parenteral Nutrition Source Type: news

FDA OKs New Cysteine Hydrochloride Product Nouress FDA OKs New Cysteine Hydrochloride Product Nouress
Cysteine hydrochloride, critical for treating neonatal patients requiring total parenteral nutrition, remains in short supply in the United States.FDA Approvals (Source: Medscape Pharmacist Headlines)
Source: Medscape Pharmacist Headlines - December 18, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pediatrics News Alert Source Type: news

FDA Approves Nouress (cysteine hydrochloride) Injection for Treating Neonate Patients Requiring Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)
DUBLIN, Ireland, Dec. 16, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Avadel Pharmaceuticals plc (Nasdaq: AVDL) announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Nouress (AV001), a cysteine hydrochloride injection, a critical drug for... (Source: Drugs.com - New Drug Approvals)
Source: Drugs.com - New Drug Approvals - December 16, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

How to eat right for YOUR age: What's good (or bad) for you all depends on your stage of life
The British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN) says UK Government guidance neglects the most important factor when it comes to healthy eating - our age. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 27, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news