Early Parenteral Nutrition Support Cuts Infections After Major Abdominal Surgery Early Parenteral Nutrition Support Cuts Infections After Major Abdominal Surgery
Early supplemental parenteral nutrition (E-SPN) reduces the risk of infections in hospitalized patients recovering from major abdominal surgery, researchers in China have found.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Gastroenterology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Gastroenterology Headlines - April 11, 2022 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: General Surgery News Source Type: news

FDA Workshop on the Role of Phytosterols in PNALD/IFALD - 05/06/2022
FDA workshop will discuss the changing epidemiology of Parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD)/ intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), the role of phytosterols in the disease process, strategies for managing PNALD/IFALD, and potential next steps for mitigating the risk (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - April 6, 2022 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Data from New VOYAGER PAD Analyses at ACC.22 Reinforce Benefit of XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) Plus Aspirin in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) and Various Co-Morbid Conditions
RARITAN, N.J., April 1, 2022 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced data from new analyses from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD clinical trial reinforcing the benefit of the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily plus aspirin 100 mg once daily) in reducing severe vascular events in patients with PAD after lower-extremity revascularization (LER), a procedure that restores blood flow to the legs. Data from the two analyses demonstrate the role that the XARELTO® vascular dose plays in PAD patients with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in PAD patients with and ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - April 1, 2022 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

NICE quality standard - parenteral nutrition
NICE has published a new quality standard on parenteral nutrition for babies born preterm or up to 28 days after birth. (Source: NHS Networks)
Source: NHS Networks - March 28, 2022 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Roche to present data across broad and impactful neuroscience portfolio at 2022 AAN Annual Meeting
First data showing OCREVUS treatment effect on disability progression in non-active secondary progressive multiple sclerosis and further data in primary progressive MS will be presentedEvrysdi data continue to demonstrate long-term efficacy and safety in a broad population of people with spinal muscular atrophyLonger-term efficacy and safety forEnspryng inneuromyelitisoptica spectrum disorder reinforce previously seen resultsAdditional data across neurological disorders, including Alzheimer ’s disease, help advance the scientific understanding of these conditions and the potential impact of early treatmentBasel, 25 March...
Source: Roche Investor Update - March 25, 2022 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Roche to present data across broad and impactful neuroscience portfolio at 2022 AAN Annual Meeting
First data showing OCREVUS treatment effect on disability progression in non-active secondary progressive multiple sclerosis and further data in primary progressive MS will be presentedEvrysdi data continue to demonstrate long-term efficacy and safety in a broad population of people with spinal muscular atrophyLonger-term efficacy and safety forEnspryng inneuromyelitisoptica spectrum disorder reinforce previously seen resultsAdditional data across neurological disorders, including Alzheimer ’s disease, help advance the scientific understanding of these conditions and the potential impact of early treatmentBasel, 25 March...
Source: Roche Media News - March 25, 2022 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Chromium (Chromium Chloride Injection Solution) - updated on RxList
Chromium (chromic chloride injection, solution) is a supplement to intravenous solutions for total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Learn about side effects, usages, dosages, drug interactions, warnings, precautions, and more. (Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - March 16, 2022 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Manitoba hospitals low on essentials for feeding babies, reading heart rates due to supply chain issues
Nurses say Manitoba's hospitals are low on critical supplies they use to feed premature babies, deliver intravenous nutrition to sick children and adults, and monitor patients' vital signs. The province confirms hospitals have been short on some supplies for the past several weeks. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - February 17, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Manitoba Source Type: news

How Much Should a Newborn Eat?
Discussion A serving size and a portion are not the same thing. A serving size is a specific measured amount of food. This is cited on the product label or readily available resources such as cookbooks or the Internet (an example can be found here.) A portion is the amount chosen to be served or eaten by a person. They can be the same but may not be the same. For example, 4 ounces of cereal is a common serving size, but an adult may often eat more than this as their portion. Children especially need appropriate portion sizes to match their age and body size. A good general rule for any age is a portion is the size of the p...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - January 10, 2022 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

FDA Approves Two New Indications for XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) to Help Prevent and Treat Blood Clots in Pediatric Patients
RARITAN, NJ, Dec. 20, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two pediatric indications for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban): the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE, or blood clots) and reduction in the risk of recurrent VTE in patients from birth to less than 18 years after at least five days of initial parenteral (injected or intravenous) anticoagulant treatment; and thromboprophylaxis (prevention of blood clots and blood-clot related events) in children aged two years and older with congenital heart disease who have...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - December 21, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Neonatal Cholestasis: Updates on Diagnostics, Therapeutics, and Prevention
Cholestatic jaundice is a common presenting feature of hepatobiliary and/or metabolic dysfunction in the newborn and young infant. Timely detection of cholestasis, followed by rapid step-wise evaluation to determine the etiology, is crucial to identify those causes that are amenable to medical or surgical intervention and to optimize outcomes for all infants. In the past 2 decades, genetic etiologies have been elucidated for many cholestatic diseases, and next-generation sequencing, whole-exome sequencing, and whole-genome sequencing now allow for relatively rapid and cost-effective diagnosis of conditions not previously i...
Source: NeoReviews recent issues - December 1, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

What is Refeeding Syndrome?
Discussion Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder with an intense fear of being overweight (i.e. distorted body image), and self-starvation and excessive weight loss. It is more common in women (1.2%) than men (0.2%) but can be seen in both genders. Risk factors include high-intelligence, perfectionism/inflexibility, anxiety, activities where thinner body types are expected (e.g. dancer, diver, gymnast, long-distance runner, volleyball player, etc.) Other eating disorders include bulimia nervosa (i.e. cycles of binge eating and then purging), binge eating disorder (i.e. purging), orthorexia (i.e. obsessions with healthful ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - October 25, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

What are Some of the Complications of Short Bowel Syndrome?
Discussion Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common gastrointestinal emergencies in neonates. Mortality rates are from 0-45% depending on infant weight and gestation with more premature and smaller infants having greater mortality. NEC usually occurs in premature infants but it also occurs in term infants. The etiology is unknown but is probably multifactorial with ischemia and/or reperfusion playing some role. There are ‘outbreaks’ of NEC but no causative organism has been identified. Regardless of the originating cause, inflammation of the intestine and release of inflammatory mediators causes variou...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - August 30, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Which Premature Infants Need Eye Exams?
Discussion Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a developmental problem. Term infants have full vascularization of the retina and therefore cannot have ROP. Premature infants however do not have full vascularization (which proceeds from the periphery to the central retinal area) and therefore may have abnormal and excessive vascularization. It affects premature infants primarily < 31 weeks gestation. Although the mechanism of ROP is not completely understood, increased oxygen levels are a risk factor. Additionally there is data which shows growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are increase,d re...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - May 31, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

What Are Risk Factors for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia?
Discussion Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) was first described in 1967 by Northway et.al. At that time it was described as “relatively mature preterm infants with severe respiratory failure to survive their initial respiratory distress syndrome after receiving aggressive respiratory support with high oxygen and positive pressure ventilation. Their clinical course was characterized by severe chronic respiratory failure with a radiographic picture showing areas of hyperinflation alternating with adjacent increased densities.” This is often referred to as “Old BPD.” Over time more has been learned and...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - May 10, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news