Crucial Questions for US Health Policy in the Next Decade
With the inauguration of President Biden and a shift in control of the US Senate from Republicans to Democrats, the landscape for health policy has changed substantially in 2021. Just as the signing of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by President Obama in 2010, along with sustained Republican opposition to this landmark law, set the health policy agenda for the past decade, the actions of the new president and Congress this year will determine how the US health care system functions and changes over the next decade. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - April 13, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial comment
Former United States President Barack Obama recently remarked, “I'm absolutely confident that for two years if every nation on earth was run by women, you would see a significant improvement across the board on just about everything.” Why, however, do women remain underrepresented in leadership roles, especially in Urology? (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - April 1, 2021 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Erika L. Wood, Jonathan Bergman Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 2554: COVID-19 Preventive Behaviours in Cameroon: A Six-Month Online National Survey
Bissek Leke Obama Nkengasong Colebunders Njamnshi Since March 2020, the Cameroonian government implemented nationwide measures to stall COVID-19 transmission. However, little is known about how well these unprecedented measures are being observed as the pandemic evolves. We conducted a six-month online survey to assess the preventive behaviour of Cameroonian adults during the COVID-19 outbreak. A five-point adherence score was constructed based on self-reported observance of the following preventive measures: physical distancing, face mask use, hand hygiene, not touching one’s face, and covering th...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - March 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Siewe Fodjo Ngarka Njamnshi Nfor Mengnjo Mendo Angwafor Basseguin Nkouonlack Njit Ahidjo Chokote Dema Fonsah Tatah Palmer Seke Etet Palmer Nsagha Etya ’ale Perrig Sztajzel Annoni Bissek Leke Obama Nkengasong Colebunders Njamn Tags: Article Source Type: research

A survey of accuracy of nurses ’ clinical judgement of cutaneous graft‐versus‐host disease in Japan
We examined accuracy of nurses ’ clinical judgement of graft‐versus‐host‐disease (GVHD) symptoms and related factors using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) for patients who developed chronic cutaneous GVHD after haematopoietic stem cell transplants.DesignCross ‐sectional design using nationwide survey.MethodsA questionnaire survey based on Tanner's clinical judgement model to assess patients with chronic cutaneous GVHD using CTCAE was used. Free ‐text descriptions and statistical analyses of relationship between correct responses and demographic data were performed.ResultsThe rate of c...
Source: Nursing Open - February 11, 2021 Category: Nursing Authors: Rumi Maeda, Kyoko Obama, Akiko Tomioka, Junko Akagawa, Mitsue Maru Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Overview of MRI for pulmonary functional imaging.
Abstract Morphological evaluation of the lung is important in the clinical evaluation of pulmonary diseases. However, the disease process, especially in its early phases, may primarily result in changes in pulmonary function without changing the pulmonary structure. In such cases, the traditional imaging approaches to pulmonary morphology may not provide sufficient insight into the underlying pathophysiology. Pulmonary imaging community has therefore tried to assess pulmonary diseases and functions utilizing not only nuclear medicine, but also CT and MR imaging with various technical approaches. In this review, we...
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - February 2, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Ohno Y, Hanamatsu S, Obama Y, Ueda T, Ikeda H, Hattori H, Murayama K, Toyama H Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research

Alabama house committee approves loan regulation that is payday
An ACE money Express socket is seen on San Mateo Boulevard in Albuquerque, N.M. The socket sits for a block that features three loan that is small. High-interest financing techniques have been completely a target of client advocates for several years. MONTGOMERY An Alabama house committee on Wednesday authorized brand name brand new limitations on payday loan that short-term financial institutions can offer to clients shopping for quick cash. Republican Rep. Danny Garrett, R-Trussville, claimed the loans “trap borrowers in a financial obligation cycle” as individuals renew the mortgage, and eliminate brand new p...
Source: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology - January 20, 2021 Category: Dermatology Authors: Buya Bat Tags: payday loans in baltimore Source Type: research

Health Care Is a Right, Not a Privilege
Two fundamental questions about health care in the US remain unanswered: is health care a right or a privilege and, relatedly, is the US committed to ensuring that every individual has access to some form of health insurance like in every other modern high-resource country. President Obama, despite the success of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in increasing the number of individuals with health insurance in this country, seldom addressed this issue directly, even in a wide-ranging special communication in JAMA. President Trump has done little with respect to increasing the number of individuals with insurance; instead, his ...
Source: JAMA - January 19, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The Debate About British Mail Order Bride
The Middleton estate hosts a glass greenhouse in the property’s backyard where 350 friends can comfortably celebration inside. Attendees later received monogrammed marshmallow treats as marriage ceremony favors, courtesy of James Middleton, Pippa and Kate’s older brother who owns his personal sweets company, Boomf. He reportedly supplied personalized cupcakes for Kate and William’s wedding as nicely. Then, select a user profile of a UK mail order bride you liked and begin communicating to know this person better. Women who stay within the Land of Ings or England are lovely, beautiful, and lovely. Besides,...
Source: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology - January 5, 2021 Category: Dermatology Authors: Buya Bat Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: research

Safe and low-dose but therapeutically effective adenovirus-mediated hepatocyte growth factor gene therapy for type 1 diabetes in mice
Publication date: Available online 4 January 2021Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Eriko Matsuda, Yuki Obama, Ken-ichiro Kosai (Source: Life Sciences)
Source: Life Sciences - January 4, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Compressed Sensing and Deep Learning Reconstruction for Women’s Pelvic MRI Denoising: Utility for Improving Image Quality and Examination Time in Routine Clinical Practice
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Takahiro Ueda, Yoshiharu Ohno, Kaori Yamamoto, Akiyoshi Iwase, Takashi Fukuba, Satomu Hanamatsu, Yuki Obama, Hirotaka Ikeda, Masato Ikedo, Masao Yui, Kazuhiro Murayama, Hiroshi Toyama (Source: European Journal of Radiology)
Source: European Journal of Radiology - November 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A survey of accuracy of nurses ’ clinical judgement of cutaneous graft‐versus‐host disease in Japan
We examined accuracy of nurses ’ clinical judgement of graft‐versus‐host‐disease (GVHD) symptoms and related factors using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) for patients who developed chronic cutaneous GVHD after haematopoietic stem cell transplants.DesignCross ‐sectional design using nationwide survey.MethodsA questionnaire survey based on Tanner's clinical judgement model to assess patients with chronic cutaneous GVHD using CTCAE was used. Free ‐text descriptions and statistical analyses of relationship between correct responses and demographic data were performed.ResultsThe rate of c...
Source: Nursing Open - November 2, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Rumi Maeda, Kyoko Obama, Akiko Tomioka, Junko Akagawa, Mitsue Maru Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

2020: What Should Have Been Our Year
Coronavirus 2020. Honestly, this whole editorial can end with that sentence alone. It can be added to the repertoire of the “where were you” questions: where were you when JFK and MLK Jr were assassinated, when the flights crashed on 9/11, and when Obama became elected as the first African American President of the United States. An endless stream of memories begin from the moment COVID-19 was first widely reported i n the global arena in January 2020, although it actually started in late winter 2019 in Wuhan, China. (Source: American Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: American Journal of Ophthalmology - September 21, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Marez Megalla Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Robotic gastric mobilization in robotic minimally invasive esophagectomy.
Authors: Tsunoda S, Obama K, Nishigori T, Hisamori S, Sakai Y PMID: 32802421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - August 18, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Circulating oxidized LDL, increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction, is accompanied by heavily modified HDL [Research Articles]
This study aimed to reveal structural features of oxLDL present in human circulation related to atherosclerosis. When LDL was fractionated on an anion-exchange column, in vivo-oxLDL, detected by the anti-oxidized PC (oxPC) mAb, was recovered in flow-through and electronegative LDL [LDL(–)] fractions. The amount of the electronegative in vivo-oxLDL, namely oxLDL in the LDL(–) fraction, present in patients with acute MI was 3-fold higher than that observed in healthy subjects. Surprisingly, the LDL(–) fraction contained apoA1 in addition to apoB, and HDL-sized particles were observed with transmission elect...
Source: The Journal of Lipid Research - May 31, 2020 Category: Lipidology Authors: Sawada, N., Obama, T., Koba, S., Takaki, T., Iwamoto, S., Aiuchi, T., Kato, R., Kikuchi, M., Hamazaki, Y., Itabe, H. Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research

Anne Marie Treisman (1937-2018).
Abstract Memorializes Anne Marie Treisman (1937-2018). Her 1962 dissertation at Oxford University included a remarkable 14 experiments and yielded 11 publications. This impressive body of work convinced Donald Broadbent and others to accept Anne's revised theory of attention in which unattended information was attenuated but not blocked. Many of the experiments rapidly made their way into textbooks and into the classroom. Although her work on attention and feature integration is best known, Anne's other contributions were prolific, insightful, and broad. Throughout her career, Anne was showered with awards, among ...
Source: The American Psychologist - April 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tversky B Tags: Am Psychol Source Type: research

Iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia as a late complication of laparoscopic excisional biopsy of peritoneal nodules: A case report
ConclusionSurgeons performing laparoscopic excisional biopsy of the diaphragmatic peritoneum should consider the potential risk for iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernias. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The Incidence of Postoperative Complications after Gastrectomy Increases in Proportion to the Amount of Preoperative Visceral Fat.
Authors: Okada K, Nishigori T, Obama K, Tsunoda S, Hida K, Hisamori S, Sakai Y Abstract Background: Visceral obesity is a risk factor for complications after gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer. However, it is unclear whether postoperative complications decrease with preoperative reduction of visceral fat without the achievement of a nonobese state. This is because previous studies have performed categorical comparisons of obesity and nonobesity. The current study was performed to estimate the impact of the preoperative visceral fat area (VFA) as a continuous variable on postoperative complications after ga...
Source: Journal of Oncology - January 15, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research

Comparison of protein profiles of the pellicle, gingival crevicular fluid, and saliva: possible origin of pellicle proteins
In this study, protein compositions of the pellicle, gingival crevicular fluid... (Source: Biological Research)
Source: Biological Research - January 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Hibiki Odanaka, Takashi Obama, Naoko Sawada, Marika Sugano, Hiroyuki Itabe and Matsuo Yamamoto Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Two Threats to Precision Medicine Equity.
Authors: Matthew DB Abstract In January 2015, President Barack Obama unveiled the "Precision Medicine Initiative," a nationwide research effort to help bring an effective, preventive, and therapeutic approach to medicine. The purpose of the initiative is to bring a precise understanding of the genetic and environmental determinants of disease into clinical settings across the United States.1 The announcement was coupled with $216 million provided in the President's proposed budget for a million-person national research cohort including public and private partnerships with academic medical centers, researc...
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - January 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research

Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1891: MicroRNA-9-5p-CDX2 Axis: A Useful Prognostic Biomarker for Patients with Stage II/III Colorectal Cancer
In conclusion, CDX2, the post-transcriptional target of microRNA-9-5p, is a useful prognostic biomarker in patients with stage II/III CRC. (Source: Cancers)
Source: Cancers - November 26, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Nishiuchi Hisamori Sakaguchi Fukuyama Hoshino Itatani Honma Maekawa Nishigori Tsunoda Obama Miyoshi Shimono Taketo Sakai Tags: Article Source Type: research

The Stock Epinephrine Law - 5 Years Later and Counting
The School Access to Emergency Epinephrine Act was signed into law by President Obama on November 13, 2013 with bipartisan support (Public Law 113-48). The law amended the Public Health Service Act to increase the preference given to certain asthma-related grants in states that allow trained school personnel to administer epinephrine and maintain a stock epinephrine supply to treat suspected anaphylaxis. To qualify, states are also required to provide civil liability protection to trained staff acting in good faith at the elementary and secondary levels. (Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology)
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - November 13, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Marcus Shaker Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

The stock epinephrine law
The School Access to Emergency Epinephrine Act was signed into law by President Obama on November 13, 2013, with bipartisan support.1 The law amended the Public Health Service Act to increase the preference given to certain asthma-related grants in states that allow trained school personnel to administer epinephrine and maintain a stock epinephrine supply to treat suspected anaphylaxis. To qualify, states are also required to provide civil liability protection to trained staff acting in good faith at the elementary and secondary levels. (Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology)
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - November 13, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Marcus Shaker Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

22.1 project aware in nevada: advancing wellness and resiliency in education
After the 2012 tragedy at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut, President Obama allocated $55 million dollars to fund Project AWARE ( “Advancing Wellness and Resiliency in Education”). Twenty states, including Nevada, were awarded this 5-year SAMHSA grant. Each Project AWARE state chose 3 pilot school districts to develop demonstration programs that: 1) increase awareness of mental health issues among school-age youth; 2) trai n school personnel to detect and respond to mental health issues in youth; and 3) connect youth with mental health issues to appropriate services. (Source: Journal of the American ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Erika Ryst Tags: Clinical Perspectives 22 Source Type: research

Honeymoon or hangover? How election outcomes produce emotional shifts to winning candidate smiles
This study examines changes in self-reported happiness, anger, and distress to different smile types expressed by Barack Obama and Mitt Romney, measured immediately prior to and again following the 2012 presidential election. A panel of online respondents (N = 214) were shown four video clips featuring different smile types from each candidate before and after the election. Obama's clips featured an amusement and controlled-amusement smile, while Romney's featured a posed and contempt smiles. Findings revealed significant differences in self-reported emotional response to Obama. Followers of Obama reported an increase ...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - September 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Changes in Insurance Coverage and Access to Care for Young Adults in 2017
Previous work has demonstrated the Affordable Care Act (ACA) increased young adults' health care access during its first years. However, it is unclear if these trends continued through 2017; recent policies enacted by the Trump administration may have decreased the ACA's effectiveness. Our purpose was to determine changes in young adults' health care access during the transition from Obama to Trump administrations. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - July 30, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Kevin N. Griffith Tags: Original article Source Type: research

USA aid policy and induced abortion in sub-Saharan Africa: an analysis of the Mexico City Policy
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Nina Brooks, Eran Bendavid, Grant MillerSummaryBackgroundThe Mexico City Policy, first announced by US President Ronald Reagan and since lifted and reinstated by presidents along partisan lines, prohibits US foreign assistance to any organisation that performs or provides counselling on abortion. Many organisations affected by this policy are also providers of modern contraception. If the policy reduces these organisations' ability to supply modern contraceptives, it could have the unintended consequence of increasing abortion rates.M...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Precision Medicine in the Field of Sleep Medicine: Early Days
The term “precision medicine” has gained popularity in recent years, particularly when the Obama administration announced its “Precision Medicine Initiative” in 2015, which included focused investments in a national research cohort, identifying genetic drivers in cancer, and modernizing the regulator y landscape to support such research while maintaining privacy.1 (Source: Sleep Medicine Clinics)
Source: Sleep Medicine Clinics - June 26, 2019 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Susheel P. Patil Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Trump drops, replaces Obama-era regulations to cut coal CO < sub > 2 < /sub > emission
Coal-fired power plants will be able to meet requirements with existing technology (Source: Chemical and Engineering News)
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - June 20, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Jeff Johnson, special to C & EN Source Type: research

Net In-Neutrality's Impact on Health Care
The Internet is a utility, just as water and electricity are, and is directly linked to care outcomes, budgeting considerations, and workforce acquisition. If water or electricity services were to be throttled up and down or commoditized, it would be important for health care leaders to understand and prepare for the resulting disruptions. In 2017, the Federal Communications Commission voted to eliminate consumer protection regulations that stopped Internet service providers from interfering with Internet service put in place under President Bush and maintained during the Obama administration. The elimination of these prot...
Source: Nursing Administration Quarterly - June 5, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Envirotyping: The Next Leap Forward in the Practice of Precision Medicine?
In his 2015 State of the Union address, President Barack Obama announced the launch of the Precision Medicine Initiative, a bold research effort to revolutionize health care delivery. Precision medicine – prevention and treatment strategies that account for individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle – is not a new idea, but recent technological improvements in both patient characterization and in computational tools for analyzing large data sets have made it a short-term medica l frontier. (Source: American Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: American Journal of Ophthalmology - May 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Ta Chen Chang, Justin Stoler Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

APA, Medical Partners Protest Proposed Rule That Could Deny Care to Transgender, Women Patients
APA and five other medical specialty organizations issued astatement today protesting aproposed rule by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that would weaken nondiscrimination protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals underSection 1557 of the Affordable Care Act.Section 1557 prohibits discrimination in health coverage and care on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, and disability in health programs and activities that receive federal funding. These includes most health care facilities, including hospitals and physician offices, and most health ins...
Source: Psychiatr News - May 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: ACA access to care Affordable Care Act APA Department of Health and Human Services discrimination LGBTQ protections Obama Administration proposed rule Section 1557 Trump administration Source Type: research

APA, Medical Partners Protest Proposed Rule That Could Deny Care to LGBTQ, Women Patients
APA and five other medical specialty organizations issued astatement today protesting aproposed rule by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that would weaken nondiscrimination protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals underSection 1557 of the Affordable Care Act.Section 1557 prohibits discrimination in health coverage and care on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, and disability in health programs and activities that receive federal funding. These include most health care facilities, including hospitals and physician offices, and most health insu...
Source: Psychiatr News - May 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: ACA access to care Affordable Care Act APA Department of Health and Human Services discrimination LGBTQ protections Obama Administration proposed rule Section 1557 Trump administration Source Type: research

Individualized medicine comes to the liver clinic
In 2015, during his State of the Union address, President Obama announced the launch of the Precision Medicine Initiative. This is a research endeavour led by the National Institutes of Health to better understand how individual genome variability, environmental exposures, and lifestyle activities could determine the best approach to prevent and/or treat disease (https://allofus.nih.gov). The human genome contains approximately 20,000 genes and, thus far, nearly 5,000 have been implicated in disease. (Source: Journal of Hepatology)
Source: Journal of Hepatology - May 15, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Filippo Pinto e Vairo, Konstantinos N. Lazaridis Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Connecting social psychology concepts with the pursuit of world peace.
Reviews the book, Social Psychology and World Peace: A Primer edited by Halford H. Fairchild and Heather Feigá Fairchild (2018). According to the reviewer, this book is an excellent introduction to the relationship between social psychology and issues pertaining to the pursuit of world peace. In an effort to challenge his undergraduate students at Pitzer College to be producers of knowledge—rather than passive consumers of knowledge—Halford Fairchild tasked his students with writing essays about social psychology topics as they relate broadly to issues of peace, violence, interpersonal conflict, and war....
Source: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 635: F-Box/WD Repeat Domain-Containing 7 Induces Chemotherapy Resistance in Colorectal Cancer Stem Cells
shiharu Sakai Although the cancer stem cell (CSC) concept has provided a reasonable explanation for cancer recurrence following chemotherapy, the relationship between CSCs and chemotherapy resistance has not been thoroughly investigated, especially in solid tumors. We aimed to identify the mechanism underlying colorectal cancer (CRC) chemoresistance focusing on the cell cycle mediator F-Box/WD repeat domain-containing 7 (FBXW7). From 55 consecutive CRC cases who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) or neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) at Kyoto University Hospital, pre-treatment endoscopic biopsy specimens were ...
Source: Cancers - May 6, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Shusaku Honma Shigeo Hisamori Aya Nishiuchi Yoshiro Itatani Kazutaka Obama Yohei Shimono Yoshiharu Sakai Tags: Article Source Type: research

Political Rhetoric on Immigration Found to Affect Mental Health
Politicians and pundits may want to consider the emotional impact their words have not only on the groups they ’re targeting, but also on the nation as a whole. Astudy on immigration rhetoric inSocial Science& Medicine finds that negative rhetoric can cause feelings of hurt, anger, and distress in its targets, but positive rhetoric fosters perceptions of greater health, well-being and feelings of belonging.Leo R. Chavez, Ph.D., and colleagues at the University of California, Irvine, examined the impact of political rhetoric on 280 Mexican-origin young adults (average age approximately 21 years). Study participant...
Source: Psychiatr News - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Barack Obama Donald Trump immigration mental health Mexico politics racism Source Type: research

Plaque erosion: Towards precision medicine in acute coronary syndromes
“Doctors have always recognized that every patient is unique, and doctors have always tried to tailor their treatments as best they can to individuals. […] What if matching a cancer cure to our genetic code was just as easy, just as standard? What if figuring out the right dose of medicine was a s simple as taking our temperature?”– President Barack Obama, January 30, 2015. The Precision Medicine Initiative. (Source: International Journal of Cardiology)
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - April 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Filippo Crea, Rocco Vergallo Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Buy Insurance or Else?: Resurrecting the Individual Mandate at the State Level.
This article traces the origin of the individual mandate, chronicles the efforts of some states to enact their own mandates, and concludes by questioning whether the mandate is either necessary or politic. PMID: 30990590 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Albany Law Review)
Source: Albany Law Review - April 18, 2019 Category: Medical Law Authors: Williams B Tags: Albany Law Rev Source Type: research

A Randomized Phase II Study of S-1 Adjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without Hochu-ekki-to, a Japanese Herbal Medicine, for Stage II/III Gastric Cancer: The KUGC07 (SHOT) Trial
Conclusions: TJ-41 does not increase relative dose and completion rate of S-1 significantly. J-41 may reduce toxic effects, but our findings do not support routine use of TJ-41 after gastrectomy. Introduction The standard treatment for advanced gastric cancer is surgical resection with D2 lymphadenectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy in Eastern countries, where gastric cancer is common, while perioperative chemotherapy or chemoradiation is preferred in Western countries (1–3). Adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 for 1 year yields a 5-year survival rate of 72%, reducing the risk of death by 33% compared to surger...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - April 16, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Revisiting the infracardiac bursa using multimodal methods: topographic anatomy for surgery of the esophagogastric junction.
This study aimed to revisit the ICB using multimodal methods to show its development from the embryonic to adult stage and clarify its persistence and topographic anatomy. Histological sections of 79 embryos from Carnegie stage (CS) 16 to 23 and magnetic resonance (MR) images of 39 fetuses were examined to study the embryological development of the ICB. Horizontal sections around the EGJ obtained from three adult cadavers were examined to determine the topographic anatomy and histology of the ICB. Further, 32 laparoscopic surgical videos before (n = 16) and after (n = 16) the start of this study were reviewed to co...
Source: Journal of Anatomy - April 11, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Nakamura T, Shinohara H, Okada T, Hisamori S, Tsunoda S, Obama K, Kurahashi Y, Takai A, Shimokawa T, Matsuda S, Makishima H, Takakuwa T, Yamada S, Sakai Y Tags: J Anat Source Type: research

APA Protests New Policy Against Transgender Military Service Members
APA isprotesting the implementation of a ban that goes into effect on Friday, April 12, on transgender individuals serving in the military. As of that day, the Department of Defense (DoD) is requiring transgender service members to follow the standards of their biological sex or be removed from service.DoD policy under former President Barack Obama allowed transgender service members to seek treatment; now DoD intends to discriminate against those who came forward, APA said in a statement released yesterday.“APA has long fought against discrimination against any patient population,” said APA President Altha Ste...
Source: Psychiatr News - April 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: APA position statement Barack Obama Department of Defense implementation of new policy military transgender President Donald Trump Unites States Supreme Court Source Type: research

Outbreak or Epidemic? How Obama ’s Language Choice Transformed the Ebola Outbreak Into an Epidemic
Research ArticlesAnat Gesser-Edelsburg, Yaffa Shir-Raz, Oshrat Sassoni Bar-Lev, James J. James, Manfred S. Green,Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness,Volume 10 Issue 04, pp 669-673Abstract (Source: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness)
Source: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness - March 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing U.S. Racial and Gender Differences in Happiness, 1972 –2016: An Intersectional Approach
This study assesses trends and differentials in happiness among the U.S. population. Using data from the General Social Survey, 1972 –2016 and the intersectionality paradigm to guide this work, I find that happiness differentials across gender and race are generally converging; however, patterns are quite complex and contingent on group membership (i.e. gender, race). Black women for instance, present a consistent pattern of im provement in happiness across decades, while White women display a persistent pattern of decline. In contrast, Black men experienced a discernable pattern of improvement in happiness between t...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - March 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Precision Medicine in Resistant Tuberculosis: Treat the correct patient, at the correct time, with the correct drug
Human genomic mapping has advanced molecular medicine health care and created a transformative paradigm shift towards Precision Medicine. In 2015, President Obama launched the PM initiative, encapsulated as "unique individualized data-driven treatments". Since then, this field is rapidly advancing both curative treatment and disease prevention by accounting for both individual and environmental variability. While a substantial evidence for accelerating adoption of Precision Medicine in other spheres of medicine exists, application of Precision Medicine in infectious diseases is far more complex. (Source: Journal of Infection)
Source: Journal of Infection - March 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sharana Mahomed, Nesri Padayatchi, Jerome Singh, Kogieleum Naidoo Tags: Review Source Type: research

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A federal judge on Friday dismissed a lawsuit by Maryland’s Democratic attorney general that sought to protect the Affordable Care Act from threats by the Trump administration to undermine it. The judge, Ellen L. Hollander, appointed by President Obama, ruled that the state’s attorney general had not proved that the administration is failing to enforce the sprawling 2010 health care law. (Amy Goldstein, Washington Post)         (Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications)
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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The percentage of Americans without health insurance has reached its highest point since 2014, when Obamacare was still in its early years of implementation. The uninsured rate was 13.7 percent in the fourth quarter of 2018, well above the record-low rate of 10.9 seen in 2016, the last year of President Obama's second term, according to a survey released by Gallup Wednesday. That represents about 7 million people losing or dropping insurance between 2016 and 2018, Gallup said. (Jessie Hellmann, The Hill)         (Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications)
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Race and Social Policy: Confronting Our Discomfort.
Authors: Crewe SE, Gourdine RM Abstract The election of President Barack Obama, our first U.S. black president, for many was accompanied by the hope of a postracial society. This hope was short lived. This growing racial tension was particularly prominent in the U.S. 2016 presidential election that magnified the racial, ethnic, and class divisions in our country. An ethical responsibility of social workers is to address social justice issues and work individually and collectively to address them. Although mindful that social policy and subsequent legislation do not always change the hearts of people, dialogue adds ...
Source: Social Work in Public Health - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Soc Work Public Health Source Type: research

Rikkunshito for upper gastrointestinal symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal symptoms are major issues in various diseases such as postgastrectomy syndrome and functional dyspepsia. These symptoms cannot be fully controlled in such conditions and result in poorer quality of life. Rikkunshito has been traditionally used in Japan to relieve these symptoms. This systematic review assessed the efficacy and safety of rikkunshito for relieving upper gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using Ovid MEDLINE, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ICHUSHI. Randomized controlled trial...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - January 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Hoshino N, Nishizaki D, Hida K, Obama K, Sakai Y Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

APA Calls for Protection of Transgender Rights After Supreme Court Allows Military Service Ban
APA has denounced a Supreme Court decision handed down earlier this week that gave a green light to the U.S. military to restrict service by individuals who are transgender.A sharply divided high court handed the Trump administration the victory for its policy banning transgender military service by a vote of 5-4, without discussing the merits of the case. In response, APA issued astatement calling for the protection of transgender individuals ’ civil rights and expressing great disappointment in the decision to lift the injunctions on the transgender service ban imposed by a lower courts.After President Donald Trump...
Source: Psychiatr News - January 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Altha Stewart gender dysphoria military ban Obama Administration Saul Levin Supreme Court transgender Trump administration Source Type: research

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Millions of American women are receiving birth control at no cost to them through workplace health plans, the result of the Obama-era Affordable Care Act (ACA), which expanded access to contraception. The Trump administration sought to allow more employers to opt out because of religious or moral objections. But its plans were put on hold by two federal judges, one in Pennsylvania and the other in California, in cases that could eventually reach the Supreme Court. (Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar, Associated Press)         (Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications)
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications - January 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research