Unconventional Approaches Could Help Deter Russian Intimidation and Aggression Against the Baltic States
Amid concerns that Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are vulnerable to Russian intimidation and hybrid warfare, a new RAND Corporation report concludes that unconventional defense plans could help deter and counteract Russian aggression. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - April 15, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Primary Care Services Account for a Small Share of Medicare Spending
Care provided by primary care practitioners accounts for a small fraction of total spending among Medicare beneficiaries. Depending on whether narrow or expansive definitions of primary care are used, primary care spending represents 2.12% to 4.88% of total medical and prescription spending by Parts A, B and D of the Medicare program. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - April 15, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Unconventional Warfare and New Technologies Could Help Baltic States Deter Russian Intimidation, Aggression
Amid concerns that Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are vulnerable to Russian intimidation and hybrid warfare, a new RAND Corporation report concludes that unconventional defense plans could help deter and counteract Russian aggression. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - April 15, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Graphic Warning Labels on Tobacco Packages Can Deter Some Smokers from Buying Cigarettes
Placing graphic anti-smoking warning labels on cigarette packages may deter some adults from purchasing tobacco products. But the strategy is unlikely to influence smokers who are most addicted to nicotine. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - April 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Principal Pipelines Benefit Students, Reduce Principal Turnover
(Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - April 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Countering Violent Extremism Programs May Gain Insights from Each Other
As countries around the world develop countering violent extremism (CVE) programs to prevent homegrown terrorism, there is a dearth of understanding about what types of such programs exist and which approaches are most effective. A new RAND Corporation report aims to help CVE program directors and policymakers in Australia place their efforts in context and identify promising approaches domestically and internationally. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - April 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Women Leave U.S. Coast Guard at Higher Rates Than Men; More Equitable Personnel Policies Could Help Narrow Gap
As at other military services, women leave the active-duty Coast Guard at higher rates than men. To retain a diverse workforce the Coast Guard should continue to pursue more inclusive personnel policies, such as augmenting workforce gaps during parental leave, minimizing the impact parental leave has on evaluations and promotion, and expanding opportunities for leadership development training. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - March 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Seismic Safety Upgrades May Cost California Hospitals Billions, Increase Number of Hospitals in Financial Distress
After the 1994 Northridge Earthquake, in which 11 hospitals were damaged and eight were evacuated, California adopted SB1953, which aims to improve hospital resilience to seismic events. The law requires hospitals to reduce their buildings'risk of collapse by 2020 and to remain operational after an earthquake by 2030. California hospitals would need to make substantial investments to meet 2030 state seismic safety standards. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - March 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Human Smuggling Via Central America Generates Hundreds of Millions of Dollars, but Transnational Criminal Groups May Not Be Main Culprits
The smuggling of unlawful migrants from the Northern Triangle region of Central America—Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador—to the United States generated between $200 million and $2.3 billion for human smugglers in 2017. The wide range reflects uncertainty about the number of migrants that travel northward, their use of smugglers and the fees they pay. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - March 26, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Andrew Marshall, RAND Researcher Who Founded Department of Defense's'Internal Think-Tank,' Dies at 97
The RAND Corporation notes with profound regret the passing of Andrew W. Marshall, 97, a RAND researcher who went on to serve for more than four decades as director of the Department of Defense's Office of Net Assessment, which contemplates military strategy decades into the future. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - March 26, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Sally Sleeper Named New RAND Arroyo Center Director
Sally Sleeper will become the new vice president, Army Research Division and director, RAND Arroyo Center at the RAND Corporation. Sleeper has had success in multiple leadership roles across RAND and has worked closely with leadership at the U.S. Department of Defense. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - March 19, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

How Two or More Trips to the Bathroom at Night Are Costing the U.S. Economy $44.4 Billion a Year
Frequent visits to the bathroom at night could cost the U.S. economy $44.4 billion a year. Waking up more than twice a night due to nocturia, a health condition that affects the lower urinary tract, can have a detrimental effect on a person's wellbeing and productivity at work, which in turn has an impact on a country's GDP. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - March 12, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

How Two or More Trips to the Bathroom at Night Are Costing the UK Economy £ 4.5 Billion a Year
Frequent visits to the bathroom at night could cost the UK economy£4.5 billion a year. Waking up more than twice a night due to nocturia, a health condition that affects the lower urinary tract, can have a detrimental effect on a person's wellbeing and productivity at work, which in turn has an impact on a country's GDP. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - March 12, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Paying Patients to Use Lower-Price Health Providers Can Result in Savings
Paying people to use lower-price medical providers can help reduce health care spending. Examining a program that pays patients $25 to $500 for using a lower-price medical provider for each of 135 elective procedures, researchers found the effort led to a 2.1 percent reduction in the average price paid of all eligible services. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - March 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Younger Americans Much More Likely to Have Been Arrested Than Previous Generations; Increase Is Largest Among Whites and Women
Americans under the age of 26 are much more likely to be arrested than Americans born in previous decades, with the increase in arrest rates occurring most rapidly among white Americans and women. The rising rate of arrests and convictions is associated with a variety of negative ramifications. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - February 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Terrorism Prevention Programs Need Strengthening If They Are to Be Effective
National capabilities for terrorism prevention, which refers to options other than traditional law-enforcement action to respond to the risk of individual radicalization to violence, are relatively limited. Most rely on local or non-government efforts, and only a subset receive federal support. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - February 14, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Reformulation of OxyContin to Discourage Abuse Linked to Higher Rates of Hepatitis C Infections
Reformulation of the pain medicine OxyContin in 2010 to make it more difficult to abuse directly led to a large rise in hepatitis C infections as drug abusers switched from the prescription medication to injectable heroin. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - February 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Study Links Long-Term Unemployment to Increase in Babies Born with Opioid Withdrawal
Babies born after being exposed to opioids before birth are more likely to be delivered in regions of the U.S. with high rates of long-term unemployment and lower levels of mental health services. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - January 30, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Middle Eastern Communities Can Resist Sectarianism
Middle Eastern communities are generally resilient to the worst sectarian impulses and even communities that experience sectarian strife can recover from it. Indeed, at least at the local level, communities can resist the slide toward sectarianism and promote resilience and cross-sectarian cooperation. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - January 14, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research Releases First Request for Research Proposals
The National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research, a philanthropic fund created to support scientific research on gun policy, today released its first request for proposals to support up to $10 million in projects during its first grantmaking cycle. The deadline for initial submissions is February 4. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - January 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Harold Brown, Former U.S. Defense Secretary and Secretary of the Air Force, Dies at 91
Harold Brown, a nuclear physicist and weapons designer who helped shape America's Cold War-era national security policy during a career that included terms as secretary of defense and secretary of the Air Force, died January 4, 2018. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - January 5, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Adolescent Marijuana Use Fell After Legalization in Washington; Study Highlights Need to Use Better Data to Follow Youth Use Trends
Marijuana use among teenagers in Washington state appears to have declined in the years immediately following the legalization of recreational marijuana in 2012, contradicting earlier estimates about the trend. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - December 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Islamic State Proves Greater Draw for U.S.-Born Recruits Than al Qaeda
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has been more successful than its predecessor organization, al Qaeda, in drawing Americans to its cause. Whereas al-Qaeda was more reliant on preexisting connections to the region or Islam, an ISIL candidate recruit is more likely to be younger, less educated, and a U.S.-born citizen. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - December 18, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Syrian Refugees in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon Can Add Value to Local Economies
Syrian refugees in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon could better contribute to local economies if they were trained for middle-skill jobs and were able to relocate to areas with manufacturing firms that need trained workers. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - December 13, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Providing Supervised Medical-Grade Heroin to Heavy Users Can Reduce Harms; Approach Merits Pilot Study in U.S.
Providing supervised access to medical-grade heroin to people whose use continues after trying multiple traditional treatments has been successful in other countries, and should be piloted and studied in the United States. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - December 6, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

RAND Report Evaluates Possible Economic Benefits of Using 5.9 GHz Band for WiFi
Opening up the 5.9 GHz frequency band for WiFi use could result in significant economic benefits, both in terms of contribution to GDP and in economic surplus. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - November 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Gun Violence Research Collaborative to Release First Request for Research Proposals in January, Names Advisory Committee
The National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research, a philanthropic fund that will support scientific research on gun policy, announced that it will release its first request for proposals in early January 2019 and award up to $10 million in research funding during its first round of grantmaking. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - November 15, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Youth-Oriented Mental Health Campaign Shows Evidence of Success
A community engagement campaign launched by Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health to address mental health barriers had an impressive reach with the younger audience it targeted and showed signs of changing attitudes. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - November 14, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

A Study of Potential Paths to Korean Unification Recommends Avoiding Approaches Involving Armed Conflict
An examination of nine potential paths to Korean unification recommends actions that the Republic of Korea (ROK, or South Korea) and the United States can take to set the conditions for stable reunification, should the opportunity arise. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 31, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Best Practices in Providing Palliative Care Supported by Growing Body of Evidence
A rapidly aging U.S. population with complex care needs will likely accelerate emphasis on palliative care services. A review of palliative care research found substantial evidence to support clinical practice guidelines and was incorporated into the new edition of the guidelines. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 31, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Universities Begin Redesigning Their Programs to Make Training of Future School Principals More Effective
Seven universities are beginning to change their principal preparation programs to better reflect the real-world demands of the job. They are working with local high-need school districts that hire their graduates as well as accreditation agencies in their states. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Complex and Rapidly Changing Payment Models Challenge Physician Practices
Physician payment models are becoming more complex and the pace of change is increasing, creating challenges for physician practices that might hamper their ability to improve the quality and efficiency of care despite their willingness to change. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 24, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Support for EEA-Style Brexit Has Increased
Support for a Brexit deal based on membership of the European Economic Area (EEA) has increased. EEA membership is now supported by 43 per cent of Britons, up from 38 per cent in 2017, making it the most popular Brexit option. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 11, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Statement About Edward Gonzalez, RAND Consultant and Expert on Cuba
Edward Gonzalez, a longtime RAND resident consultant and political science professor at UCLA who spent decades studying Fidel Castro's Cuba and its relations with the United States and the former Soviet Union, has died. He was 85. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 9, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Youth Who Use Vaping Products Are More Likely to Smoke Cigarettes, Increase Use of Both Over Time
Adolescents who use vaping products are not only more likely to smoke cigarettes but are also likely to increase their use of both products over time. The increased use cannot be attributed to other risk factors, such as consuming alcohol or marijuana. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 2, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Attorney Robert Case Appointed as General Counsel of the Nonprofit RAND Corporation
Attorney Robert M. Case has been appointed vice president, general counsel and corporate secretary of the nonprofit RAND Corporation. Case, who previously served as RAND's associate general counsel from 2013 to 2015, began his duties October 1. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 2, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Expanding Specialist Care and Enhanced Coordination for Chronic Kidney Disease Can Improve Outcomes, Lower Costs
Providing specialized medical care and coordination to patients whose kidneys are failing before they need dialysis treatment could save the U.S. health care system more than $1 billion annually. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - October 2, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Some European Countries Unprepared to Move Future Alzheimer's Treatment into Rapid Clinical Use
The health care systems in some European countries lack the capacity to rapidly move a disease-modifying treatment for Alzheimer's disease from approval into widespread clinical use, which could leave 1 million people without access to transformative care if such a breakthrough occurs. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - September 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

New Curriculum Offered to Teach Opioid Risks to Middle School Students
A new and free science-based curriculum designed to teach adolescents about the risks of opioids has been released by Project ALERT, a national evidence-based drug education program created and managed by the nonprofit RAND Corporation. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - September 24, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

19th U.S. Surgeon General Vivek H. Murthy Elected to RAND Board of Trustees
Dr. Vivek H. Murthy, 19th Surgeon General of the United States, has been elected to the RAND Corporation Board of Trustees. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - September 14, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

NIH Funds RAND Corporation Opioid Research Center Dedicated to Policies for Addressing the National Crisis
A research center dedicated to identifying effective policies for combating the nation's opioid epidemic has been established at the RAND Corporation, supported by a $7.2 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, a component of the National Institutes of Health. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - September 8, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Hospital Rating Tools Should Allow Patients to Customize Rankings to Meet Their Individual Needs
Publicly available hospital ratings and rankings should be modified to allow quality measures to be prioritized according to the needs and preferences of individual patients. RAND researchers propose a new way of rating hospitals by creating tools that allow patients to decide which performance measures to prioritize. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - August 29, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Mobile Phones and Smartphone Apps Hold Promise for Allowing Patient Participation in Improving Medical Record Matching
Mobile phones and smartphone apps offer a promising approach to ensure that an individual's medical records when shared between different health care providers are matched correctly. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - August 22, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Senior Fundraising Strategist to Lead Philanthropic Efforts at RAND, Pardee RAND Graduate School
Brandon Baker, a proven senior fundraising strategist whose experience includes helming a $250 million fundraising effort, has joined RAND's leadership team as vice president of development. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - August 20, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Viewing Tobacco'Power Wall' Linked to Adolescents' Willingness to Try Vaping Products
Adolescents who view advertising for tobacco products on the tobacco“power wall” in convenience stores report being more willing to try vaping products in the future compared to peers who visited a store where the tobacco power wall was hidden. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - August 6, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Single-Payer Health Plan in New York State Could Cover All Without Increasing Total Health Spending If Cost Growth Slows
A single-payer health care plan could expand coverage for all New York State residents, but would require significant new tax revenue. A plan outlined by the New York Health Act is likely to increase use of health services as more people receive coverage. But overall health care costs would decrease slightly over time if administrative costs are reduced and state officials slow the growth of payments to health care providers. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - August 1, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Statement About Cyrus Tang, CEO and Chairman of Tang Industries
The RAND Corporation notes with regret the death of Cyrus Tang, the CEO and chairman of Tang Industries, an international manufacturing and distribution company based in Las Vegas. He was a devoted philanthropist who made significant contributions to RAND. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - June 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Student-Run Mental Health Education Efforts May Help Improve Mental Health Climate on College Campuses
Getting college students to engage with peer-run organizations that focus on mental health awareness can improve college students'knowledge about mental health, reduce stigma and may play an important role in improving the campus climate toward mental health. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - June 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Christine Wormuth Appointed Director of RAND International Security and Defense Policy Center
National security leader Christine Wormuth has been appointed director of the International Security and Defense Policy Center at the nonprofit, nonpartisan RAND Corporation. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - June 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news

Use of Medication Therapy to Treat Opioid Abuse Among Medicaid Recipients Increased After Approval of New Drug
The number of Medicaid recipients receiving medication to treat opioid abuse increased sharply in the years after approval of buprenorphine, but the increase was smaller in poorer counties and areas with larger populations of black and Hispanic residents. (Source: RAND)
Source: RAND - June 25, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: RAND Corporation Source Type: news