Active Listening Is a Key to Great Interactions
Great listening means more than just using your ears. Interacting effectively includes hearing, seeing, and asking great questions. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 4, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dr. Kevin D. Arnold, Ph.D., ABPP Tags: Parenting Relationships active listening good listening skills Source Type: news

Dr. Mom and Dad
Turning to the internet to help understand a child's behaviour may play a role in the over-diagnosis of ADHD.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 4, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Robert T. Muller, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Health Parenting Psychiatry ADHD clinical practice diagnoses family physicians medication primary care Source Type: news

"Helicopter Parenting" Hysteria
Widespread denunciations of helicopter parenting - based mostly on anecdotes - tell us more about the prejudices of the people doing the denouncing than about what's really going on . . . or about what young adults really needread more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Alfie Kohn Tags: Child Development Education Parenting Source Type: news

“My school won’t stop the bullying”
“I have reported the bullying to my principal, but nothing has happened." Here are 10 steps to follow to get a more active response from your school to stop bullying and harassment.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elizabeth J. Meyer, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Education Parenting Resilience bullying harassment law Source Type: news

Are You a Narcissist? Am I? Thoughts on the "Epidemic"
Everywhere you look, there are articles declaring that all of us, especially the young, are more and more unhealthily self-involved and selfish. The real question? Is it true?read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Peg Streep Tags: Parenting Relationships culture lack of empathy narcissism npi self-involvement selfishness Source Type: news

Shyness Doesn’t Make a Boy Any Less of a Man
Parents, teachers, and peers discourage and punish boys for displaying signs of shyness. We see that shy boys are consistently encouraged to be assertive and bold, whereas shy girls are allowed to be who they naturally are. This pressure to be assertive can be extremely stressful for boys, leading to physiological and behavioral problems later on.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Christia S. Brown, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Gender Parenting Source Type: news

Fathering for the Beltway
Stemming from a fall 2013 NIH panel discussion on fathers, Nan Astone and Elizabeth Peters provide a sketch of U.S. fatherhood. How has American fatherhood been changing in recent decades, and what might be some policy implications?read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Peter B. Gray, Ph.D. Tags: Evolutionary Psychology Health Parenting Work direct childcare Elizabeth Peters fatherhood fathers marriage Nan Astone nih nonmarital paternal behavior socioeconomic stepfathers transition to fatherhood project Urban Instit Source Type: news

Have You Talked with Your Kids About Pledging Allegiance?
Pledging national loyalty should be seen as a serious act, not to be taken lightly. At a minimum, parents should talk with their kids about the Pledge - its history, what it means, and what it doesn't mean. Kids and others should not make assumptions about those who don't participate in the exercise. In fact, there are numerous reasons for nonparticipation.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: David Niose Tags: Education Parenting Philosophy Politics belief conscience dissent law loyalty nationalism patriotism pledge pledge of allegiance public school religion supreme court under God Source Type: news

Children and Guns
In the breezeless heat of the late-morning sun, amid the sound of grasshoppers, I felt only the emptiness of a summer with no end, no pleasure, and no meaning.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gordon S. Livingston, M.D. Tags: Parenting impulse.insanity law Source Type: news

Child Behavior as “Choices:” Not Quite Correct but Right
Our culture now encourages us to label child behavior as a choice. While this framework may not be completely accurate, there may be some good reasons to keep it going.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: David Rettew, M.D. Tags: Child Development Education Parenting Psychiatry misbehavior tantrum timeout Source Type: news

Is the Web a Vast Sociological Experiment?
Children’s singer/songwriter Raffi is an advocate for protecting young people from harmful aspects of the Internet. In a provocative interview, he provides a glimpse into his thinking, concerns, and ideas for education and reform. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marilyn Price-Mitchell, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Education Happiness Parenting amanda todd bullying children Cyberbully cyberbullying internet addiction internet reform internet use parental control for social media psychology raffi safety social media i Source Type: news

Sperm Donation: A Different Animal Than You Might Think
Emma used to have the inaccurate idea that sperm donors were largely anonymous and made a one-time contribution to their offspring’s lives. Also: what does the research say about the likelihood of getting pregnant with donor sperm?read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sharon I. Praissman and Emma Williams Tags: Health Parenting Relationships Self-Help fertility sperm donors Source Type: news

Obedience or Thinking for Oneself?
Recent research reveals the degree to which religious parents are more likely to cultivate obedience in their children, while secular parents are more likely to cultivate independent thinking. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Phil Zuckerman, Ph.D., Tags: Parenting Philosophy Source Type: news

Are Screens “Drugging” Your Child’s Brain?
If over-decorated classrooms distract and reduce learning, imagine what fast-changing screen images do to your children’s minds. New research helps parents make sound digital decisions for school-age children.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Susan Newman, Ph.D. Tags: Behavioral Economics Child Development Neuroscience Parenting Anna Fisher apps video grames Ben Worthen David Greenfield digital devices Douglas Gentile Internet iPad journal of pediatrics kindergarten classroom Lauren Fisher Source Type: news

Media Use in Excess of 45 Minutes per Day Harmful to Kids
The Learning Habit Study Finds That Media Use in Excess of 45 Minutes per Day Negatively Affects Children’s Grades, Sleep, and Social Skills. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rebecca Jackson Tags: Cognition Education Health Parenting back-to-school grit homework parenting style research study The Learning Habit Source Type: news

5 Dirty Little Secrets about Getting a PhD
So you’re thinking about getting a PhD? See these dirty little secrets about getting a PhD, which may save you years of work and thousands of dollars. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gregg Murray, Ph.D. Tags: Education Parenting Work grad school graduate school GRE masters degree PhD phd programs phd students test prep Source Type: news

Parents Under-Estimate Kids' Media Use
During interviews conducted for The Learning Habit, parents were unable to believe that their children were using 6-8 hours of media per day. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rebecca Jackson Tags: Cognition Education Parenting cognitive disconnect media use The Learning Habit Source Type: news

Choosing the Right Sports for Kids
Getting the proper child-to-sport fit shouldn’t be a crap-shoot.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Frank L. Smoll, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Education Parenting Sport and Competition boxing individual sports kids and sports parenting tips team sports Source Type: news

Can Isolated Babies Become “Real” Human Beings?
The Velveteen Rabbit, a popular children’s book, depicts how a stuffed rabbit becomes “real” from the love of a boy (and some magic). I’m afraid that what we are routinely doing to babies today is taking them in the opposite direction. They are becoming less “real,” that is, less human.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Darcia Narvaez, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Ethics and Morality Evolutionary Psychology Parenting baby isolation baby sleep training human nature touch Source Type: news

Adolescence as a More "Outlaw" Age
As the adolescent breaks some childhood boundaries to create room to grow and assert more independence, parents can feel like the family has become a "wilder" place in which live.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Carl E. Pickhardt, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Evolutionary Psychology Happiness Parenting adolescent change adolescent less compliant adolescent limit testing adolescent not child-like adolescent push back adolescent resistance adolescent rule breaking adolesce Source Type: news

Back to School with Highly Sensitive Kids
Three tips for helping highly sensitive kids thrive in today's schoolsread more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Maureen D. Healy Tags: Child Development Parenting Source Type: news

Parenting With Authority vs Authoritarian Parenting
Being present and setting effective limits in a way that promotes healthy development comes naturally when parents can feel heard and supported read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Claudia M. Gold, M.D. Tags: Child Development Parenting curiosity discipline listening Source Type: news

The Parent Trap
While "The Parent Trap" operates on the principle that crisis and discord are more interesting than harmony, and allows the former to occupy center stage for a good while before banishing them to the cellar, the "What To Expect" books gloss over the dysfunctional, the fretful, and the sad, in pregnancy and in young families’ lives. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Deborah Vlock, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Media Parenting Resilience Source Type: news

Does Reading Give You A Headache?
A simple picture of black and white stripes provides insights into reading problems.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Susan R. Barry, Ph.D. Tags: Education Parenting migraine headaches op art reading visual discomfort visual stress Source Type: news

The War Between Siblings at Home
Why is it that they fight so much when both come from the same parents and are given the same love? read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ana Nogales Tags: Child Development Parenting Relationships family environment fighting siblings Source Type: news

ADHD: Behavioral Parenting Supported (Again) By Research
Newly published study again shows that positive, behavioral parenting of children with ADHD works.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dr. Kevin D. Arnold, Ph.D., ABPP Tags: Child Development Parenting ADHD behavior management effective parenting positive parenting Source Type: news

Helping the “Bad Kid” of the Family
Sometimes, one child in the family gets into trouble noticeably more than the other children. Here's how to help that child step out of the “Bad Kid” role.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Eileen Kennedy-Moore, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Education Parenting Relationships angry children parenting stubborn parents Source Type: news

Why Love Matters
Loving care literally shapes the rapidly developing nervous system of infants, and its absence sets the stage for many behavioral and personality problems later on. But, says psychotherapist Sue Gerhardt, we don't take babyhood seriously enough to turn science into policies that support early parenthood. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: The Book Brigade Tags: Child Development Cognition Neuroscience Parenting attachment babies cognitive development emotional development emotions impulse control impulses love prefrontal cortex reactivity relationships soothing stress Source Type: news

Treatment Before Tragedy: A Mother's Plea
This is a mother's passionate plea that puts a face on the plight of the severely mentally ill. Deprived of adequate treatment and decent housing, they are housed in jails or left homeless on the street. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Allen J. Frances, M.D. Tags: Ethics and Morality Law and Crime Parenting Psychiatry Adam Lanza apa NAMI nimh patient advocacy prisons Psychiatric Treatment severely mentally ill Source Type: news

How to Emotionally Prepare for Motherhood
Curious about the emotional changes that ensue during motherhood and how best to prepare yourself for parenthood? Ask yourself these two questions, and your answers may illuminate your own experiences with your mother, and how these experiences may inform your mothering.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Juli Fraga Tags: Happiness Parenting childbirth preparation motherhood mothers pregnancy Source Type: news

Adoption Can Create a Different Kind of Family
If the adoption had been opened sooner, while he was growing up, both he and I could have had a biological and an adopted family, different for each of us, but bringing a symmetry into our family life. My biological family was his adoptive one; his biological family could have been my adoptive one. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: E. Kay Trimberger, Ph.D. Tags: Parenting Race and Ethnicity Relationships undefined Source Type: news

On the Physics of Absorbing Unexpected Blows
If you are human, you have squared off against adversity. Sometimes you've won, sometimes you've lost.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Deborah Vlock, Ph.D. Tags: Autism Child Development Parenting Resilience Source Type: news

How Do We Keep Caring in a Broken World of Pain?
I watched, waiting to see if intervention would be needed. Then I turned in time to see tears streaming down my youngest daughter’s face. She had stopped eating, as we all did, as she worried about that little girl. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nancy Berns, Ph.D. Tags: Ethics and Morality Parenting Relationships Social Life Source Type: news

3 Tips on How to Coach Your College Bound Kid
Students are basically athletes, whether they realize it or not. Their sport is academics, and their arena happens to be the classroom, but they are under the same constant pressure—pressure to perform, whether that’s in academic or social settings. So how can parents make sure their performing their best?read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jonathan Fader, Ph.D. Tags: Education Parenting Self-Help back to school college sport psychology Source Type: news

Sexting And The Middle School Years
Are you a parent who has purchased or are you thinking about purchasing an electronic device for your teen? If so, this blog is for you.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Raychelle Cassada Lohmann, M.S., L.P.C. Tags: Child Development Parenting Sex sexting; teen sexting; teens and smartphone ' Source Type: news

Exercise and the Common Core State Standards
Alexis Wooten is a middle school teacher who was interviewed for The Learning Habit case studies. Her advice to other teachers was simple; exercise is homework. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rebecca Jackson Tags: Cognition Education Health Parenting academics Common Core State Standards exercise The Learning Habit Source Type: news

Five Reasons More Young Couples Are Going Childfree
Five reasons more young couples are going childfree, in India and beyondread more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ellen Walker, Ph.D. Tags: Happiness Parenting Relationships Self-Help Social Life Work childfree by choice Complete Without Kids Ellen Walker Source Type: news

Best-Kept Secrets of Open Marriages
Whether you call it open marriage, swinging, polyamory, or non-monogamy, relationship scientists are beginning to understand the pros and cons of being involved with more than one partner. They're discovering some of the best-kept secrets about what's really going on in these multi-partnered pairings.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Susan Krauss Whitbourne, Ph.D. Tags: Happiness Parenting Relationships Sex cheating cybersex infidelity monogamy non-monogamy open marriage open marriages polyamory relationship tips Satisfaction USA sexuality workplace spouses Source Type: news

Passive Aggressive Behaviors in School
Do you work with a student who consistently performs at a level that is beneath his ability? Is there a child in your classroom who habitually procrastinates, predictably “forgets,” and inevitably dawdles the whole day long? Are you acquainted with a young person who harbors hostile feelings toward you or a classmate, but never expresses this anger in words?read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Signe Whitson, L.S.W. Tags: Child Development Education Parenting Personality anger assertiveness assertiveness for kids hidden anger passive passive aggression passive aggressive passive aggressive behavior Source Type: news

Grit: The Secret Ingredient to Success
Grit is having both the passion and the perseverance to achieve a goal, and grit often predicts who achieves the highest levels of success in school and at work.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Paula Davis-Laack, J.D., M.A.P.P. Tags: Happiness Parenting Self-Help Work challenges employees failure goal-achievement grit growth mindset law law firms lawyers obstacles perseverance predictor students success teachers tough women Source Type: news

Adolescent Boredom
Parents should be sensitive to adolescent boredom because it can become a staging area for impulsive decision making that can lead to a lot of trouble.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Carl E. Pickhardt, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Happiness Health Parenting adolescent boredom bored silly bored to death bored to tears boredom is painful boredom problems coping with boredom dealing with boredom emotions of boredom freedom and boredom lack Source Type: news

An Insight into Being a Mainstreamed Child
Cece Bell's delightful graphic memoir describes with wit and insight what it's like to be "different" in a mainstream classroom. It's not easy, at least until Cece discovers that her hearing loss gives her superpowers. El Deafo rules! Required reading isn’t always fun reading. “El Deafo” should be the first and is definitely the second.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katherine Bouton Tags: Education Parenting children with disabilities deafness hearing loss mainstreaming Phonic Ear Source Type: news

What is Child Flourishing?
Scholars explore the contexts for child flourishing and how to nurture families for child wellbeing.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Darcia Narvaez, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Ethics and Morality Evolutionary Psychology Parenting child flourishing human flourishing university of notre dame Source Type: news

Can a Godless Parent Be a GOOD Parent?
When I reared my sons, did I think about the philosophical, economic, or political issues undergirding my own lack of religious belief and parenting style? Not so much. Dan Arel is different. He brings everything to his parenting, and thus to his first book, Parenting Without God.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Susan K. Perry, Ph.D. Tags: Parenting Philosophy atheism dan arel dogma ethics humanism morality religion secularism Susan K. Perry Source Type: news

Confessions of a Bad Mother
My daughter was only in nursery school when Mattel toy makers launched a fashion doll named "Barbie," with an adult body and clothes for her tall, curvy figure. Five years later, my little girl wanted a Barbie because all her friends had them. I said no.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: E. E. Smith Tags: Child Development Gender Parenting Personality Source Type: news

Coping with ADHD
Living and coping with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is no fun for the child or the parent. In this blog and podcast at www.mghclaycenter.org, we hear the story of a a 20 year old with ADHD and his mother, a prominent MGH neuropsychologist describe their particular way of managing the disorder toward success. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Eugene Beresin, M.D., M.A. Tags: Cognition Parenting Self-Help Therapy ADHD coping Source Type: news

Teaching Self-Control
The movie, "Pirates of the Caribbean", has two powerful positive mental health messages. Do you know what they are?read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bill Knaus, Ed.D. Tags: Education Parenting Stress Therapy Albert Ellis beating your head against a wall consequential thinking emotional lessons expectations guiding adolescents guiding children inclusive irrational demands Jack Sparrow jail johnny Source Type: news

Three Steps for Helping Children to Set Academic Goals
With all the concern about the Core Curriculum and our children's disappointing scores on standardized tests, parents can feel powerless to help their kids succeed academically. One of the most helpful things a parents can do is to ask their children some questions--and actually listen to their answers.read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stephanie Donaldson-Pressman, LICSW Tags: Child Development Cognition Education Parenting academic success communication skills goal-setting the Common Core Curriculem The Learning Habit Source Type: news

Why You Should Support Your Adult Child Now
Are you your adult child’s safety net? Taking care of your adult children has a silver lining. Eight financial tips for parents whose adult children return to the nest. read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Susan Newman, Ph.D. Tags: Behavioral Economics Parenting adult children college college graduate economy finance Jeffrey Passell job loss Jobs Longitudinal study of Generations Merril Silverstein money multi-generational families multi-generational hous Source Type: news

5 Ways to Cure the “Cool Kid” Curse
At 13, they were viewed by classmates with envy and admiration. Ten years later, the early signs of maturation and the advanced “cool factor” backfires. And you don’t need fame for it to backfire. You knew them as your classmates, and they were so not you. By young adulthood, they implode. So…what’s happening to these kids?read more (Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center)
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - August 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tim Elmore Tags: Child Development Education Parenting Social Life Source Type: news