FY 2016 Nonprofit Research Activities Survey : Summary of Methodology, Assessment of Quality, and Synopsis of Results
The nonprofit sector is one of four major sectors of the economy, along with business, government, and higher education, that performs or funds research and development. The FY 2016 Nonprofit Research Activities Survey marks the first nationally representative collection of R&D data from the nonprofit sector in more than 20 years. This working paper presents the results of that effort, followed by a discussion of the methodology, alternative estimates to help assess the accuracy of results, and lessons learned that can inform future data collections. The survey was conducted by the National Center for Science and Engin...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - September 21, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Academic Research and Development
This report examines R&D performed by U.S. higher education institutions. It discusses funding by source and S&E field for R&D activities and equipment and provides information on research space. It benchmarks the United States against other nations, and it looks at how academic R&D investments relate to investments in education and training of students and postdoctoral researchers. Academic R&D remains focused on basic research. Most of it is performed by a small percentage of U.S. higher education institutions. The federal government funds over half of academic R&D, although institutional support ...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - September 14, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Three-Quarters of U.S. Businesses that Performed or Funded R & D Viewed Trade Secrets as Important in 2018
The Business Research and Development Survey ( BRDS ) , sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics ( NCSES ) within the National Science Foundation, provides data on R&D expenditures and R&D employees for for-profit, publicly or privately held, nonfarm business in the United States that performed or funded R&D either domestically or abroad. This InfoBrief examines how BRDS asked respondents to report the importance to their company of several types of intellectual property ( IP ) protection — including utility patents, design patents, trademarks, copyrights, mask works, and tr...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - September 2, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Understanding Unsuccessful Innovation
Most studies of innovation that examine determinants of success or failure look exclusively at the factors that make innovation successful. To better understand causes and patterns of unsuccessful or failed innovation within firms, we conducted 19 case studies of failure from the past 20 years. These cases draw primarily from coverage by the popular and trade presses and highlight clear models of failure. This paper examines all aspects of the product or business process life cycle and found that innovation failure typically revolves around firms ’ inadequate pre-launch development activities, which lead to products ...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - September 2, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

The STEM Labor Force of Today : Scientists, Engineers, and Skilled Technical Workers
This report details several aspects of the U.S. STEM workforce, including growth, demographic makeup, earnings, and unemployment. The STEM workforce is made of occupations that require STEM skills and expertise, including occupations not typically considered STEM fields ( e.g., maintenance and repair, construction trades, and production occupations ) . In 2019, the STEM workforce represented 23 % of the total U.S. workforce, and over half of this workforce does not have a bachelor ’ s degree. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - August 31, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Where Are They Now ? Most Early Career U.S.-Trained S & E Doctorate Recipients with Temporary Visas at Graduation Stay and Work in the United States after Graduation
Foreign-born workers are a growing part of the U.S. science and engineering ( S&E ) workforce, and they earned about one-third of S&E doctorate degrees awarded by U.S. institutions in 2017. Most of these S&E doctorate recipients remained in the United States for employment after graduation ( 72 % ) , and many become U.S. citizens or permanent residents ( 67 % ) . China and India were the two largest source countries for U.S.-trained S&E doctorate holders with temporary visas at graduation. At least half of the early career S&E doctorate holders with temporary visas at graduation who were in the United S...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - August 19, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Measuring R & D Workers Using NCSES Statistics
The National Survey of College Graduates ( NSCG ) , sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics ( NCSES ) within the National Science Foundation, provides data on the characteristics of U.S. college graduates, with a focus on those in the science and engineering workforce. Workers engaged in basic research, applied research, and experimental development ( R&D ) as a primary work activity ( RD1 ) is the new NCSES headline measure for R&D workers. This InfoBrief examines how data from the NSCG enables this recommended measure — which excludes design and R&D as a secondary activit...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - August 9, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

First Comprehensive Innovation Survey for the United States : Data from the 2017 Annual Business Survey
More than two-fifths ( 43 % ) of the estimated 4.6 million for-profit companies with at least one employee introduced an innovation during 2015 – 17. Innovation is defined as the implementation of one or more new or significantly improved products or processes, a new marketing method, or a new organizational method. Eighteen percent of these companies introduced one or more product innovations, 16 % introduced one or more process innovations, 23 % introduced a marketing innovation, and 26 % introduced an organizational innovation. Data are from the 2017 Annual Business Survey, which provides the first comprehensive v...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - July 28, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Growth in Federal S & E Support to HBCUs Continues to Lag Behind Increases to All Institutions in FY 2019
In FY 2019, federal agency obligations to universities and colleges for science and engineering ( S&E ) activities increased to a historical high of $ 38.1 billion in current dollars, up 8 % from FY 2018. During the same period, obligations for S&E support to historically Black colleges and universities ( HBCUs ) increased at a slower rate, up 7 % between FY 2018 and FY 2019, to $ 341 million. Although the past 2 fiscal years show increased federal obligations for S&E to HBCUs, there is still an overall long-term decline since the early 2000s. Estimates are from the FY 2019 Survey of Federal Science and Enginee...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - July 15, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions : Fiscal Year 2019
These tables present FY 2019 data on federal obligations to academic and nonprofit institutions for science and engineering research and development. Data include science and engineering support by type of activity, as well as ranking by state, agency, and individual institution. Data are from the Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - July 15, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Elementary and Secondary STEM Education
This report presents national trends in K – 12 student achievement in STEM and compares U.S. STEM achievement with that of other nations. It explores mathematics and computer science achievement, by student characteristics. The report also presents information about secondary school mathematics and science teachers, exploring their qualifications and how these may vary. In addition, the report explores how COVID-19 affected student learning and access to educational resources. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - July 8, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Businesses Performed 60 % of Their U.S. R & D in 10 Metropolitan Areas in 2018
Businesses performed $ 262 billion of research and development in 10 U.S. metropolitan statistical areas ( MSAs ) in 2018. This R&D represents 60 % of the total business R&D performance in the United States. The geographic concentration of business R&D in the United States is much higher than that of other economic indicators, such as gross domestic product or population. This InfoBrief explores the geographic patterns of business R&D performance in the United States and presents new data on the distribution of business R&D personnel by state. Data are from the Business Research and Development Survey f...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - June 16, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Growth in Federal Research Obligations for Life Sciences Between 1970 and 2020
This NCSES InfoBytes highlights the 50-year trends in federal research obligations for the fields of science and engineering. The InfoBytes gives an overview and also breaks down trend data by broad field, detailed field, and as a percentage of total federal obligations for research in science and engineering. Data are from the Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, Volume 69 ( FYs 2019 – 20 ) . The survey is conducted by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - June 10, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Federal Funds for Research and Development : Fiscal Years 2019 – 20
This set of detailed tables present data on the research and development outlays and obligations of federal agencies. Outlays are provided by agency for total R&D and total R&D plant. Obligations are provided for R&D by agency for type of work ( basic research, applied research, experimental development ) , field of science or engineering ( for research only ) , geographic area, and type of performer. Obligations are provided for R&D plant by agency for type of performer and geographic area. These data, collected by the Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development from the National Center for Scienc...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - May 12, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Science and Engineering State Profiles : Spring 2021 Update
Updated data for Science and Engineering State Profiles are now available. This product provides state-level rankings and totals of science and engineering data for the 50 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The data tool allows users to compare state profiles for up to seven states or download the entire data set. Science and Engineering State Profiles is produced by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics of the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - May 12, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Early Career Doctorates : 2017
The 2017 Early Career Doctorates Survey ( ECDS ) gathered in-depth information about individuals who earned their first doctoral degree ( PhD, MD, or equivalent ) in the past 10 years and work in U.S. academic institutions and federally funded research and development centers. Data tables show demographics ; professional activities and achievements ; professional and personal life balance ; mentoring, training, and research opportunities ; and career paths and plans. The survey includes individuals with doctoral degrees earned in any field and any country. The ECDS was sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engin...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - May 11, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Defining Postdocs in the Survey of Graduate Students and Postdocs ( GSS ) : Institution Responses to the Postdoc Definitional Questions in the GSS 2010 – 16
With approximately 65,000 postdocs working at U.S. academic institutions in 2016, postdocs are an important segment of the U.S. research enterprise. Despite the increased focus on postdoc positions, identifying and counting postdocs remain difficult for many institutions. This InfoBrief examines institutional coordinators ’ responses to a series of postdoc definition questions included in the Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering ( GSS ) from 2010 through 2016. The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation has conducted the GSS si...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - May 5, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

R & D Activities at Small Companies Yet to Recover from 2008 – 09 Great Recession
Showing how business research and development responds to economic fluctuations — such as the recent recession induced by the coronavirus pandemic — is an important use of data from the National Center for Science and Engineering Research ( NCSES ) . To that end, this InfoChart uses the most recently available data ( 2018 ) to examine the recovery of U.S. R&D activities from the 2008 – 09 Great Recession and how the impacts differ based on company size. Data are from the NCSES survey Business Research and Development. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - May 4, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering : 2021
Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering : 2021 provides statistical information about the participation of these three groups in science and engineering education and employment. Data and figures in this digest are organized into the following topical areas : enrollment, field of degree, employment status, occupation, and academic careers. Surveys conducted by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics ( NCSES ) within the National Science Foundation provided a large portion of the data used in this report. NCSES's mandate is the collection, interpretation, analysis, and ...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - April 29, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Federal R & D Obligations Increased 10 % in 2019 ; Largest Year-to-Year Change Since 2009
Federal obligations for research and experimental development rose 10 % from FY 2018 to FY 2019, reaching $ 142.4 billion. This is the largest annual increase in current dollars since 2009 ( when many agencies received additional funds through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ) . Obligations for research, including both basic research and applied research, accounted for 57 % of all FY 2019 federal R&D obligations. These data are from the latest edition of the Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Scienc...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - April 28, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 2019
Tables from the 2019 Survey of Doctorate Recipients ( SDR ) present data on the demographic characteristics, labor force status, occupations, employment sector, and median annual salaries of individuals with a U.S. research doctoral degree in a science, engineering, or health field. The SDR is sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation and by the National Institutes of Health. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - April 27, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Early Career Doctorates in Context
Despite the importance of the early career doctorates population — persons receiving their first doctorate within the past 10 years — for the growth and success of the global research enterprise, data collected about early career doctorates have been sparse and have significant limitations. The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation established the Early Career Doctorates Survey ( ECDS ) to address these limitations and respond to requests for more information on two key populations of early career doctorates : postdoctoral researchers ( postdocs ) and indi...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - April 26, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

U.S. Employment Higher in the Private Sector than in the Education Sector for U.S.-Trained Doctoral Scientists and Engineers : Findings from the 2019 Survey of Doctorate Recipients
In 2019, an estimated 1,148,800 individuals younger than 76 years of age worldwide held a research doctoral degree in a science, engineering, or health ( SEH ) field that was earned at a U.S. academic institution. A total of 1,008,950 ( 88 % ) of this group were residing in the United States in 2019. Among those employed and living in the United States, the private sector employed the largest share ( 47 % ) , followed by the education sector ( 44 % ) . In contrast, only 25 % of those employed abroad worked in the private sector, whereas 65 % worked in the education sector. These findings are from the 2019 Survey of Doctora...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - April 21, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Statistical Definition of Development Clarified : Effect on Reported Federal R & D Totals
There are two main sources of official information on federal government research and development funding : the Analytical Perspectives report accompanying the president ’ s annual proposal for the Budget of the U.S. Government, issued by the Office of Management and Budget ( OMB ) , and the Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics ( NCSES ) within the National Science Foundation. This InfoBrief examines recent attempts to harmonize these data sources ’ statistical definition of federal spending on R&D and notes a substantial decline ...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - April 16, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

US R & D Increased by $ 51 Billion in 2018, to $ 606 Billion ; Estimate for 2019 Indicates a Further Rise to $ 656 Billion
New data from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation indicate that research and experimental development ( R&D ) performed in the United States totaled $ 606.1 billion in 2018, an increase of about $ 51 billion in current dollars over the 2017 level. The estimated total for 2019, based on performer-reported expectations, is $ 656.0 billion. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - April 13, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

National Patterns of R & D Resources : 2018 – 19 Data Update
This report provides current data on the levels of and key trends in the performance and funding of research and development in the United States, with comparisons to the historical record ( back to 1953 ) . Detailed statistical tables present data on U.S. R&D expenditures by performing sector, source of funds, type of R&D, and state. Data are drawn from five surveys from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - April 9, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Trends for Graduate Student Enrollment and Postdoctoral Appointments in Science, Engineering, and Health Fields at U.S. Academic Institutions between 2017 and 2019
Between 2017 and 2019, the number of individuals receiving advanced science, engineering, and health ( SEH ) training at U.S. academic institutions increased by 7.8 % for master's students, 4.2 % for doctoral students, and 2.3 % for postdocs. These data and the other findings in this report are from the 2017 through 2019 Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering ( GSS ) , sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation and by the National Institutes of Health. Data from the GSS provide insight into the composition of the current ...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - March 31, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering : Fall 2019
This report presents data from the 2019 Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, sponsored by National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation and by the National Institutes of Health. The tables show trends within science, engineering, and selected health fields on graduate student enrollment, postdoc appointments, and other doctorate-holding nonfaculty researcher ( NFR ) appointments, as well as counts by selected characteristics, such as sex, race and ethnicity, citizenship, field of study, and primary source and mechanism of support. (Source...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - March 31, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Master Government List of Federally Funded R & D Centers : FY 2021
The Master Government list of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers ( FFRDCs ) , maintained by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics of the National Science Foundation, has been updated for 2021. FFRDCs are listed by sponsoring agency, administrator type, location, and type of activity. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - March 4, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Federal R & D Funding, by Budget Function : FYs 2019 – 21
This report contains data on the budget authority provided to U.S. federal agencies to fund the research and development and R&D plant components of their programs in FYs 2019 – 21. The 24 tables provide this budget authority detail by agency and major programs for each of the categories in which R&D is present. Several concluding tables also show budget authority data for R&D in FY 2018 and earlier years. Data were compiled for the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - February 22, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Universities Report 5.7 % Growth in R & D Spending in FY 2019, Reaching $ 84 Billion
Total R&D expenditures at U.S. academic institutions reached $ 83.7 billion in FY 2019, an increase of almost $ 4.5 billion ( 5.7 % ) from FY 2018, according to the Higher Education Research and Development Survey by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. Federally funded R&D at universities increased 6.3 % to $ 44.5 billion in FY 2019, the largest percentage increase since FYs 2010 – 11. The share of higher education R&D supported by the federal government remained about 53 % . (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - January 29, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Higher Education Research and Development : Fiscal Year 2019
This publication releases detailed tables for the FY 2019 Higher Education Research and Development ( HERD ) Survey, from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics ( NCSES ) within the National Science Foundation. The tables present data on R&D expenditures at higher education institutions across all academic disciplines and include R&D expenditures by institution, R&D field, geographic area, source of funds, type of R&D ( basic research, applied research, and experimental development ) , cost categories ( salaries, software, equipment, and indirect costs ) , and trends over time. (Source: ...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - January 29, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

The Increasing Role of Community Colleges among Bachelor's Degree Recipients : Findings from the 2019 National Survey of College Graduates
Among the 44.7 million employed college graduates with a first bachelor's earned in the United States, a large and increasing number reported having attended community college. For example, of the 14.8 million graduates who earned their first bachelor's degree between 2008 and 2017, more than half ( 52 % ) had previously attended a community college and 25 % had earned an associate's degree. In contrast, among the 29.8 million college graduates who earned their first bachelor's degree before 2008, only 48 % had attended a community college and only 19 % had earned an associate's degree. Data are from the National Survey of...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - January 27, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Health-Related Applications Account for One-Quarter of 2018 U.S. Business R & D ; Most Pharmaceutical R & D Focused on Biotechnology
Businesses performed $ 114.5 billion of research and development with health or medical applications in the United States in 2018, according to estimates from the Business Research and Development Survey ( BRDS ) . R&D related to health applications represented 26 % of the total $ 441 billion of R&D performed by businesses in the United States in 2018 and is the largest application area tracked by BRDS. BRDS also found that software, which includes R&D on software products and software embedded in other projects or products, was by far the largest technology focus in 2018, representing over one-third ( $ 165.6 ...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - January 6, 2021 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

University Research Space Increased by 6.1 Million Square Feet between FY 2017 and FY 2019
Science and engineering ( S&E ) research space reached 227.3 million net assignable square feet ( NASF ) at research-performing universities and colleges in FY 2019. This amount was 6.1 million NASF ( 2.8 % ) more than the FY 2017 total, according to the biennial Survey of Science and Engineering Research Facilities, conducted by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - December 21, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Survey of Science and Engineering Research Facilities : Fiscal Year 2019
This report provides information on the amount and condition of science and engineering research space at eligible U.S. colleges and universities. Data tables include information on research space, new construction, deferred construction, and repair and renovation projects, all by field, state, and type of academic institution. Data in this report are from the FY 2019 Survey of Science and Engineering Research Facilities, conducted by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - December 21, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Business Research and Development : 2018
The detailed statistical tables in this report present data on domestic and global research and development expenditures and the R&D workforce of for-profit, nonfarm businesses with 10 or more paid employees operating in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. These data were collected by the Business Research and Development Survey ( BRDS ) and its predecessor, the Business R&D and Innovation Survey ( BRDIS ) , conducted annually by the Census Bureau for the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. These data are used by government agencies, corporatio...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - December 16, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Postdoc Employment at Federally Funded Research and Development Centers Increased 12 % between 2017 and 2019
Federally funded research and development centers ( FFRDCs ) were created to help meet the research and analytic needs of federal agencies. FFRDCs also employ postdoctoral researchers, which helps to support the work of the FFRDCs and to train the country's next generation of scientists and engineers. In 2019, postdoctoral research programs existed at 24 of the nation's 42 FFRDCs, employing a total 3,335 postdocs. Since 2017, the number of postdocs working at FFRDCs has increased 12 % . (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - December 7, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Postdocs at Federally Funded R & D Centers : Fall 2019
The detailed tables in this report contain aggregate counts of postdocs at federally funded research and development centers ( FFRDCs ) , by citizenship, ethnicity, race, sex, source of financial support, and field of research. Data are from the Survey of Postdocs at Federally Funded Research and Development Centers, which is the primary source of information on postdocs employed in FFRDCs in the United States. The survey is sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics ( NCSES ) within the National Science Foundation and by the National Institutes of Health. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Scie...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - December 7, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities : 2019
This report summarizes trends in U.S. doctoral education by using data from the 2019 Survey of Earned Doctorates, an annual census of research doctorate recipients from U.S. universities. Important trends in this population are highlighted in this report, including the representation of women, minorities, and temporary visa holders ; fields that are attracting graduate students ; time to complete doctoral degree ; employment opportunities after graduation ; and educational pathways to the doctorate. A total of 72 data tables accompany the report. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - December 1, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities : 2019 Data Tables
This release provides detailed tabular statistics from the 2019 Survey of Earned Doctorates, an annual census of research doctorate recipients from U.S. universities. Tables show important trends in this population, including the representation of women, minorities, and foreign nationals ; emergence of new fields of study ; time to complete doctoral study ; and postgraduation plans. This annual report is published by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - December 1, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Microbusinesses Had More Than $ 6.7 billion in R & D Costs in the United States in 2017, According to New Annual Business Survey
Microbusinesses contribute to the U.S. economy by bringing growth and innovation and being more adaptable to changes. However, relatively little is known about the R&D activities of these businesses. This InfoBrief presents R&D and other data on microbusinesses, defined here as those with one to nine domestic employees. In 2017, microbusinesses spent $ 6.7 billion on research and development costs in the United States, of which $ 5.7 billion was performed by the microbusinesses themselves. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - November 24, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Annual Business Survey : Tables for Data Year 2017
The detailed statistical tables in this report present data from the Annual Business Survey ( ABS ) . The ABS is the primary source of data on research and development of for profit, nonfarm businesses with one to nine employees operating in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. The ABS also collects data on innovation, technology, intellectual property, and business owner characteristics of business of all sizes. The survey is conducted annually by the Census Bureau for the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science an...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - November 24, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

R & D Spending at Federally Funded R & D Centers Increased by Largest Amount Since 2010
The nation's 42 federally funded research and development centers ( FFRDCs ) spent nearly $ 23 billion on R&D in FY 2019, an annual increase of 7.4 % in current dollars. Since FY 2014, total R&D spending at FFRDCs has increased at an average annual rate of 3.4 % in constant dollars. Data are from the FY 2019 FFRDC Research and Development Survey, conducted by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - November 19, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

FFRDC Research and Development Expenditures : Fiscal Year 2019
These tables provide data on R&D expenditures for federally funded research and development centers ( FFRDCs ) . Expenditures data are displayed for individually named FFRDCs, by source of funding, and type of R&D. Data are from the FY 2019 FFRDC Research and Development Survey, by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - November 19, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Science and Engineering State Profiles : Fall 2020 Update
Updated data for Science and Engineering State Profiles are now available. This product provides state-level rankings and totals of science and engineering data for the 50 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. The data tool allows users to compare state profiles for up to seven states or download the entire data set. Science and Engineering State Profiles is produced by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics of the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - November 4, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

State Government R & D Expenditures Decline 4 % in FY 2019 ; Health-Related R & D Declines 2 %
State government agency expenditures for research and development totaled $ 2.4 billion in FY 2019, down from $ 2.5 billion in FY 2018. Health-related R&D expenditures, despite a nearly 2 % decline from last year, continue to constitute the largest share ( 45 % ) of all state government agencies ’ R&D, with $ 1.1 billion in expenditures in FY 2019. This InfoBrief presents summary statistics from the FY 2019 Survey of State Government Research and Development, sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics ( NCSES ) within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U...
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - October 26, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

Survey of State Government Research and Development : FY 2019
The 21 data tables in this report present FY 2019 and time series data for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data are available on total R&D expenditures, intramural and extramural performers, source of funds, and R&D by governmental function by state and department or agency. These data were collected by the Survey of State Government Research and Development, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - October 26, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

U.S. Businesses Reported $ 441 Billion for R & D Performance in the United States During 2018, a 10.2 % Increase from 2017
Businesses spent $ 441 billion on research and development performance in the United States in 2018, a 10.2 % increase from 2017. Funding from the companies ’ own sources was $ 378 billion in 2018, up 11.4 % from 2017. Funding from other sources was $ 63 billion in 2018 and $ 61 billion in 2017. Data are from the Business Research and Development Survey, developed and cosponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation and by the U.S. Census Bureau. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - August 26, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news

U.S. Businesses Invest $ 55 Billion in R & D Directed at New Business Areas and New Product Lines
In 2017, U.S. businesses invested $ 55 billion in research and development directed at new business areas and new product lines, or 11.6 % of their worldwide R&D expenses. NCSES first collected this data in 2008 when businesses reported $ 40 billion in such investments, accounting for 12.2 % of businesses'total worldwide R&D expense. In the years following the 2008 onset of the Great Recession, businesses reported about $ 25 billion in R&D investments directed at new businesses and new products, less than 8 % of their total worldwide R&D expenses. (Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources)
Source: NSF - Statistics on U.S. Science and Engineering Resources - July 13, 2020 Category: Statistics Source Type: news