Decomposing leaves are surprising source of greenhouse gases
Find related stories on NSF's Long Term Ecological Research Program. Scientists have pinpointed a new source of nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas that's more potent than carbon dioxide. The culprit? Tiny bits of decomposing leaves in soil. The new discovery, led by Michigan State University (MSU) researchers and funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), is featured ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242039&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - June 5, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Atmospheric scientists conduct field experiment to study wind flow over complex mountain terrain
Over the past month, researchers have descended on Portugal's Vale Do Cobrão near the Spanish border to study the valley's wind flow patterns. The international project, known as Perdigão after the closest town, is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and involves more than 50 atmospheric scientists. They're working to better understand how wind moves over variable terrain. The project began on May 1 and will continue until June 15. "The ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241994&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - June 1, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

LIGO detects third black hole merger
Statement from National Science Foundation (NSF) Director France Córdova regarding news that researchers at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detected gravitational waves from a third pair of merging black holes 3 billion light-years away -- the farthest distance yet. This is exactly what we hoped for from NSF's investment in LIGO: taking us deeper into time and space in ways we couldn't do before the detection of gravitational waves. In ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242099&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - June 1, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Nearly 300 NSF-funded startups and small businesses to demo emerging technologies
Startups and small businesses with funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) will demonstrate pre-market technologies on June 5-6 in Atlanta. From bacteria-grown bricks and clear solar panels to custom ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242100&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - June 1, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

In a drought, over-irrigated lawns lose 70 billion gallons of water a year
Find related stories on NSF's Environmental Research and Education programs. In the summer of 2010, Los Angeles lost about 100 gallons of water per person per day to the atmosphere through evaporation, mostly from overwatering of lawns and trees. Lawns accounted for 70 percent of the water loss, while trees accounted for 30 percent, according to a study published today in the ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241970&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 24, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

National Science Foundation presents FY 2018 budget request
National Science Foundation (NSF) Director France A. Córdova today publicly presented President Donald J. Trump's Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 NSF budget request to Congress. The FY 2018 NSF budget request of $6.65 billion reflects NSF's commitment to establishing clear priorities in areas of national importance and identifying the most innovative and promising research ideas that will yield the highest return on investment for the nation. It supports fundamental research that will ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242014&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 23, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

FY 2018 Budget Request
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/speeches/cordova/17/fc170523_fy18budget.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51 This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 23, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

National Science Foundation to present FY 2018 budget request
National Science Foundation (NSF) Director France A. Córdova will present President Donald J. Trump's Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 NSF budget request to Congress at 3:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday May 23. The presentation will take place at NSF's headquarters, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, Virginia. Following Córdova's presentation, there will be a question and answer session with NSF leadership. The presentation will be recorded. It will be posted on NSF.gov on the following ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242010&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 23, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Video showcase returns, spotlighting 155 NSF-funded STEM education projects
This week, STEM for All Video Showcase returns for its third year of highlighting innovative federally funded research that improves education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. From May 15-22, the showcase, supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF), provides researchers the opportunity to feature their work in three-minute videos they created and posted to the (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 18, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

New tool could help predict, prevent surging waters in flood plains
Find related stories on NSF's Environmental Research and Education (ERE) programs at this link. A group of international scientists studying China's Yellow River has created a new tool that could help officials better predict and prevent its all-too-frequent floods, which threaten as many as 80 million people. The tool -- a formula to calculate sediment transport -- may also be ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241837&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 13, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

US signs agreement on enhancing international Arctic scientific cooperation
On May 11, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson signed an agreement to promote Arctic scientific cooperation by breaking down barriers to scientific research and exploration. The signing took place at the 10th Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting in Fairbanks, Alaska. Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation and the United States are parties to the agreement. The "Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation" is the ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241923&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 12, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Bacteria living in marine sponge produce toxic compounds found in man-made products
Researchers have discovered for the first time that a common marine sponge hosts bacteria that specialize in the production of toxic compounds nearly identical to man-made fire retardants, a finding that could help scientists better understand the human health implications of these common additives. The new findings, by scientists at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) at the University of California, San Diego, moved the research team a step closer to unraveling the ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241887&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 11, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

7 ways to help your kids with math homework
Author Joan Ferrini-Mundy is acting chief operating officer at NSF. She previously served as assistant director for NSF's Education and Human Resources Directorate. If you've ever had to help your child with math homework, you really appreciate their teachers, who do it every day. "Math anxiety" isn't something only kids experience. Maybe you haven't seen an algebra formula in years, and weren't that comfortable with them when you were a student. Maybe you're a ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241898&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=clickThis is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 11, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

After the Lecture: 'Skin sensor' researcher Zhenan Bao
Stanford University's Zhenan Bao takes on research challenges that she knows are many years away from reaching the general public: new and inexpensive solar cells, ultra-sensitive explosives detectors, sensors that can detect something as light as a fly landing on them, and flexible sensor "skin" that could one day be wrapped around prosthetic limbs. Bao, who was born in China but moved to the U.S. during college, has been supported by several National Science Foundation (NSF) awards. ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241863&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=clickThis is an NSF Ne...
Source: NSF News - May 9, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Researchers develop radar simulator to characterize scattering of debris in tornadoes
Researchers have developed the first numerical polarimetric radar simulator to study and characterize the scattering of debris particles in tornadoes. (See video) The results of their study are published in the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) journal Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. "These results are important for operational ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241761&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - May 1, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Ice cave in Transylvania yields window into region's past
Ice cores drilled from a glacier in a cave in Transylvania offer new evidence of how Europe's winter weather and climate patterns fluctuated during the last 10,000 years, known as the Holocene period. The cores provide insights into how the region's climate has changed over time. The researchers' results, published this week in the journal Scientific Reports, could help ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241770&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 27, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Rita Colwell, world-renowned microbiologist and science leader, to receive the Vannevar Bush Award
The National Science Board (NSB) is pleased to announce that Rita Rossi Colwell, distinguished university professor at the University of Maryland College Park and at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, senior advisor and chairman emeritus at Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc., and founder and chairman at CosmosID, Inc., will receive the 2017 Vannevar Bush Award. The Vannevar Bush Award honors truly exceptional lifelong leaders in science and technology who ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=241766&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 26, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

New NSF special report released ahead of Earth Day: April Showers Bring … The Science of Spring
From flowers' microscopic cells to thunderstorms called supercells, researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) are studying the science of spring. Now, in time for Earth Day, a new NSF special report -- April Showers Bring...The Science of Spring -- looks at what makes spring such a vibrant, and sometimes dangerous, season. NSF supports studies of such diverse spring subjects as the bloom of plant ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191505&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 19, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

National Science Foundation modifies Alan T. Waterman Award eligibility criteria
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced changes in eligibility requirements for the Alan T. Waterman Award, which annually recognizes an outstanding young researcher in any field of science or engineering supported by NSF. Scientists 40 years of age or younger, or up to 10 years post Ph.D., now may be nominated for the award. Previous requirements mandated nominees be 35 years or younger or up to seven years post Ph.D. These new criteria take effect with the ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191685&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 18, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

April Showers Bring... The Science of Spring
From flowers’ microscopic cells to thunderstorms called supercells, researchers funded by NSF are studying the science of spring. NSF peers into what makes spring such a vibrant--and sometimes dangerous--season. More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/spring/?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51 This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 18, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Two early career researchers honored with Alan T. Waterman Award
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today recognized Baratunde "Bara" A. Cola of the Georgia Institute of Technology and John V. Pardon of Princeton University with the nation's highest honor for early career scientists and engineers, the Alan T. Waterman Award. This marks only the second time in the award's 42-year history that NSF selected two recipients in the same year. Bestowed annually, the Waterman Award recognizes outstanding researchers age 35 and under in NSF-supported ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191610&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News ...
Source: NSF News - April 14, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Scientists discover fossil of dinosaur ancestor with surprising croc-like appearance
Scientists have long wondered what the earliest dinosaur relatives looked like. Most assumed they would resemble miniature dinosaurs, about the size of chickens, and walk on two legs. The discovery of Teleocrater rhadinus, however, has forced scientists to reassess their ideas. Based on a fossil unearthed in southern Tanzania, these early relatives were carnivorous animals that measured approximately 7-10 feet long, with long necks and tails. Rather than walking on two legs, ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191546&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 13, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

U.S. companies performed 18% of R&D outside the United States in 2013
U.S. companies spent $73 billion on research and development (R&D) performed outside the United States in 2013, according to a new report by the National Science Foundation's National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics. The total represented 18 percent of U.S. companies' total R&D performance. These same companies spent $323 billion on R&D performed within the United States in 2013. Almost 50 ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191611&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 12, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Polar glaciers may be home to previously undiscovered carbon cycle
Microbes in streams flowing on the surface of glaciers in the Arctic and Antarctic may represent a previously underestimated source of organic material and be part of an as yet undiscovered "dynamic local carbon cycle," according to a new paper published by researchers supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF). The cycle, they argue, could become a significant global source of carbon as temperatures rise worldwide and microbial activity increases. An international ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191512&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 11, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Finalists for 2017 Community College Innovation Challenge announced
Today, the National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC), named 10 finalists for the third annual Community College Innovation Challenge (CCIC). CCIC fosters development of crucial science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) innovation skills in students at community colleges by challenging them to propose innovative, STEM-based solutions to complex, real-world problems. "For the third year in a row, ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191589&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 10, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Federal research funding up in FY 2015
Federal funding for research and development (R&D) and R&D plant (facilities and fixed equipment) totaled $131.4 billion in Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, a 1 percent decrease from the previous year, according to a new report from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). NCSES reported that within the R&D total, research obligations -- a category of transactions including orders placed, ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191588&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 10, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Engineering highly adaptable robots requires new tools for new rules
NSF-funded research aiming to making it easier for humans to work directly with a robotic partner in applications such as physical therapy Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/roboticcontrol.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51 This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 10, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Statement from NSF director on Event Horizon Telescope
Today, the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) begins a 10-day attempt to capture the image of the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy. The EHT derives its extreme magnifying power by connecting widely spaced radio dishes across the globe into an Earth-sized, virtual telescope. The National Science Foundation (NSF) has been a longtime supporter of the effort, which received a considerable boost when Chile's Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) came ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191568&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 5, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

156 early career engineering researchers to journey to frontiers of their fields, chart new paths
Today, 156 early career engineering faculty begin a five-year journey that will take them to the frontiers of fundamental engineering research. Supported by grants from the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Engineering Directorate, each researcher will set out with at least a $500,000 award and a plan to make advances in engineering. Their work will cover fields ranging from smart materials and advanced robotics to secure communications. "Resilient infrastructure, abundant ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191436&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 5, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Federally funded R&D center funding rebounded in FY 2015
The nation's 42 federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) reported spending $18.5 billion on research and development (R&D) in Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, their first rebound after several years of declining or flat expenditures, according to a new report from the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). The FFRDCs are privately operated R&D organizations that are exclusively or ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191499&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 4, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Researchers uncover clue about how tiny microbes self-mutate
Related stories on NSF's Dimensions of Biodiversity program are available online. Researchers have discovered that previously unidentified microorganisms have a genetic element that enables them to self-mutate. What's more, these organisms are so plentiful they dramatically expand the diversity of the tree of life. "This discovery reveals how rapid evolution happens in some of ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191443&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - April 4, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

NSF and Popular Science announce winners of 15th annual 'Vizzies'
Today, Popular Science magazine and the National Science Foundation (NSF) announce the winners of the 15th Annual Vizzies Challenge, celebrating the use of visual media to artfully and clearly communicate scientific data and research. The competition recognizes the best photographs, videos, illustrations, interactive apps, and posters and graphics produced by academic researchers, artists or hobbyists. "Congratulations to all of this year's winners, and for everyone ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191453&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 29, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Smithsonian honors aircrews that flew 2016 medical-evacuation flight to NSF's South Pole station
The Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum will award the 2017 Trophy for Current Achievement to aircrews that flew a mission last summer to evacuate patients from the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica. The mission was unprecedented, taking place at a time of year when the sun had set for the six-month winter. The combination of darkness and extreme cold made flying more hazardous than previous Antarctic rescues. Two ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191447&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 28, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Dust contributes valuable nutrients to Sierra Nevada forest ecosystems
More information on the National Science Foundation's Critical Zone Observatories is available online. Collecting dust isn't usually considered a good thing. But dust from as close as California's Central Valley and as far away as Asia's Gobi Desert provides nutrients, especially phosphorus, to vegetation in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, a team of scientists has found. Their ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191381&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 28, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

World Water Day: Fog and dew keep Africa's Namib Desert ecosystem going
The ocean is not the sole source of the fog that sustains life for numerous plants and animals living in Africa's coastal Namib Desert. The fog also comes from groundwater and other sources, report ecohydrologists supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and affiliated with Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). The scientists conducted the research in one of the world's oldest and most biologically diverse deserts. Their results are published today in ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191206&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 23, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

NSF awards 2017 Graduate Research Fellowships
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today named 2,000 individuals as this year's recipients of awards from its Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP). GRFP offers fellowships to applicants selected through a national competition. "This unique program has nurtured economic innovation and leadership in the U.S. continuously since 1952 -- by recruiting and supporting outstanding students with high potential in science, technology, engineering and mathematics very early in their ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191361&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 17, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

NSF awards $5.6 million to establish new arctic Long-Term Ecological Research site
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made a $5.6 million, five-year grant to establish a Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site along the northern Alaskan coast that will focus on the interactions between land and ocean that shape coastal ecosystems in the Arctic over different time scales. Researchers at the Beaufort Sea Lagoons LTER site will study food webs, which support large-scale coastal fisheries and more than 150 species of migratory birds and waterfowl. Long-term ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191300&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 16, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Westernmost, low-lying region of Louisiana coast on track to drown under sea level rise
Without major efforts to rebuild Louisiana's wetlands, which serve as bulwarks against waves and rising seas, the state's coast has little chance of withstanding the accelerating rate of sea level rise, a new study concludes. Results of the research, funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and conducted by scientists at Tulane University, are published in the journal Nature Communications. They show the rate of sea level rise in the region over the past six to 10 ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191205&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=clickThis is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 14, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

NSF awards $6.1 million to accelerate advanced wireless research, push beyond 5G
Today, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced a $6.1 million, five-year award to accelerate fundamental research on wireless communication and networking technologies through the foundation's Platforms for Advanced Wireless Research (PAWR) program. Through the PAWR Project Office (PPO), award recipients US Ignite, Inc. and Northeastern University will collaborate with NSF and industry partners to establish ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191275&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 8, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

After the lecture: Physicist Anthony Leggett
University of Illinois physicist Anthony Leggett is known for his contributions to understanding helium-3, including why at low temperatures it becomes a superfluid, or a liquid that flows without apparent friction and conducts electricity without resistance. The Nobel laureate's work on helium-3 -- a non-radioactive isotope found on Earth ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191243&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=clickThis is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 7, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Paleontologists find fossil relative of Ginkgo biloba
A discovery of well-preserved fossil plants by paleontologists from the United States, China, Japan, Russia and Mongolia has allowed researchers to identify a distant relative of the living plant Ginkgo biloba. The find helps scientists better understand the evolution and diversity of ancient seed plants. The fossils, from the species Umaltolepis mongoliensis, date back to the early Cretaceous Period (some 100-125 million years ago). Scientists discovered ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191217&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 7, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Changes in precipitation patterns influence natural selection at global scale
What matters more for the evolution of plants and animals, precipitation or temperature? Scientists have found a surprising answer: rain and snow may play a more important role than how hot or cold it is. Rainfall and snowfall patterns are changing with climate variation, which likely plays a key role in shaping natural selection, according to results published today by an international team of researchers. Twenty scientists from the United States, Canada, Europe and ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191171&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 3, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

NSF announces new Long-Term Ecological Research sites off Alaska, New England coasts
Find related stories on NSF's Long-Term Ecological Research Program at this link. National Science Foundation (NSF) grants will support two new Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites. Scientists will conduct research along the Northeast U.S. continental shelf and in the northern Gulf of Alaska, regions known for productive fisheries and abundant marine resources. The new ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191149&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - March 1, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

NSF works with New Zealand and Australian authorities to evacuate ailing cruise ship passenger from Antarctica
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is working with the Rescue Coordination Centre New Zealand, the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) and Oceanwide Expeditions to evacuate an ailing cruise ship passenger from Antarctica. The patient is a U.S. citizen, sailing aboard the motor vessel Ortelius. NSF is not releasing the patient's personal or medical details. NSF manages the U.S. Antarctic Program, through which it operates three year-round stations on the continent, ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191213&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - February 28, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

What does Black History Month mean to some of the nation’s top educators?
Since 1983, the federal government has honored more than 4,700 teachers for their contributions in the classroom through the Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching (PAEMST), administered by the National Science Foundation (NSF). To mark Black History Month, past PAEMST awardees described to NSF how their heritage affects their drive to teach. For the next month, PAEMST is accepting nominations for 7th-12th grade educators in math ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191214&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=clickThis is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - February 27, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

NSF Law and Social Sciences program issues new awards
Critical societal issues ranging from violent crime to the operation of the U.S. legal system demand the best available data and analysis for effective policymaking and an informed citizenry. With that in mind, the National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded more than $5 million to fund 23 projects and four workshops through its Law and Social Sciences (LSS) program. LSS focuses on scientific exploration of law and law-like systems of rules. The program funds research on a wide variety ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191073&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - February 24, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

NSF-supported scientists present research results on ecosystem change
On March 21, scientists from across the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network will take part in an annual mini-symposium, presenting results on how ecosystems from coast to coast are changing. The symposium takes place the day before World Water Day, a yearly celebration of our planet's water resources. How healthy will Earth's ecosystems, which ultimately depend on water, be by World Water Day 2027, 2067 and beyond? Topics at the ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191130&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - February 24, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Note from the director: Broadening participation through NSF INCLUDES
France Córdova is the director of the National Science Foundation (NSF). To read more posts from the director, check out her Notes from the Field blog. Last year, NSF issued its first grants for NSF INCLUDES, a major addition to our portfolio of programs seeking to broaden participation in science and engineering (S&E). In January, I had a chance to meet with the recipients of those grants at our first meeting ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191145&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=clickThis is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - February 24, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Q&A: Exposing the realities of eviction
"Eviction" is a term that has become increasingly familiar to Americans over the past decade as one of the most visible symbols of poverty and economic misfortune. But research by social scientist and ethnographer Matthew Desmond shows that the reality of eviction is more complicated than traditional narratives might indicate. Notably, Desmond says, eviction can actually serve as a cause of poverty, rather than an effect. "One of our studies shows eviction can cause higher ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191125&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=clickThis is an NSF News it...
Source: NSF News - February 22, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

A low-cost mechanical device for minimally invasive surgery
Surgeons can now use a new type of mechanical instrument to perform complex, minimally invasive procedures, also known as laparoscopic surgery, thanks to researchers and small business entrepreneurs funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). The technology could lead to less trauma for patients and shorter recovery times after surgery. According to its creators, the handheld instrument provides the ... More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=191049&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=clickThis is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - February 21, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news