Springer Nature expands its nanotechnology research solution with the inclusion of over 22 million patents
(Springer) A new module has now been added to the nanotechnology research database Nano. The patent module allows users to sort through over 22 million nano-related patents across all major jurisdictions and languages. This means that researchers can find patents from areas highly affected by nanotechnology, narrow their search by country, filing year and jurisdiction, and ultimately demonstrate the scientific and commercial value of their project and its anticipated impact. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Neuroscientists at TU Dresden discover neural mechanisms of developmental dyslexia
(Technische Universit ä t Dresden) Neuroscientist Professor Katharina von Kriegstein from TU Dresden and an international team of experts show in a recently published study that people with dyslexia have a weakly developed structure that is not located in the cerebral cortex, but at a subcortical processing stage; namely the white matter connectivity between the left auditory motion-sensitive planum temporale (mPT) and the left auditory thalamus (medial geniculate body, MGB). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Student-led rheumatology interest group increases interest in field
(George Washington University) A group of student and faculty researchers from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences published outcome of establishing Rheumatology Interest Group in the International Journal of Rheumatology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Electronic 'word of mouth' useful in detecting, predicting fashion trends
(University of Missouri-Columbia) According to new research from the University of Missouri, social media hashtags could be the tool fashion designers use to forecast trends in the industry to better connect with consumers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Savoring ... It's not just for dinner
(University of Arizona) Just as we can savor a decadent dessert, so, too, can we savor a meaningful conversation. And the latter may be better for us. University of Arizona researcher Maggie Pitts studies the role of 'savoring' in human communication. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researcher finds data-driven evidence on warrior vs. guardian policing
(Florida State University) A Florida State University-led team of researchers has created a model to measure the differences between two distinct approaches to policing -- the warrior approach and the guardian approach. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How economic inequality shapes mobility expectations and behavior in disadvantaged youth
(Boston College) By integrating the methods and techniques of economics and psychology, an inventive framework reveals how rising economic inequality can weaken the motivating belief that achieving socioeconomic success is possible, which reduces the likelihood that young people from low socioeconomic status backgrounds will engage in behaviors that could improve their chances of upward mobility. Based on this interdisciplinary approach, policy recommendations that would advance mobility opportunities are proposed. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Army lab, industry announce partnership to develop new materials
(U.S. Army Research Laboratory) The Army and a major defense contractor established a new research partnership to create novel materials to further enhance the devices and technology used by warfighters. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Why do innocent people plead guilty?
(University of Massachusetts Lowell) A new, five-year $498,000 National Science Foundation CAREER grant will allow UMass Lowell's Miko Wilford, a psychology professor from Dracut, to study why defendants opt for plea deals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Exposing flaws in metrics for user login systems
(Rutgers University) How good is the research on the success or failure of the system that verifies your identity when you log into a computer, smartphone or other device? Chances are it's not good, and that's a major security and privacy issue that should be fixed, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick study that proposes a novel solution. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Binghamton University to establish Institute for Social Justice for Women and Girls
(Binghamton University) A seven-figure gift from alumna and world-renowned psychologist Ellyn Uram Kaschak will help establish the Institute for Social Justice for Women and Girls at Binghamton University, State University of New York. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Indigenous knowledge, key to a successful ecosystem restoration
(Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona) Ecological restoration projects actively involving indigenous peoples and local communities are more successful. This is the result of a study carried out by the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology at the Universitat Aut ò noma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB), which places value on indigenous and local knowledge contribution in the restoring of degraded ecosystems, and highlights the need to engage them in these projects for ensuring a long-term maintenance of restored areas. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Blinking ground lights developed to ensure pedestrian traffic safety
(National Research Council of Science& Technology) The Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology (KICT, President Seung Heon Han) has announced the development of its 'next-generation pedestrian traffic accident prevention system.' The system induces motor vehicles approaching crosswalks to reduce their speed, thereby reducing pedestrians' traffic accidents. In particular, it is effective in ensuring the safety of pedestrians using smartphones, the elderly and people with cognitive impairment. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

International team of scientists detect cause of rare pediatric brain disorder
(McGill University Health Centre) An international effort led by physician-scientists at Rady Children's Institute for Genomic Medicine (RCIGM), in collaboration with a team at the Montreal Children's Hospital of the McGill University Health Centre (MCH-MUHC), has identified the cause of a devastating pediatric brain disorder paving the way for the first step in developing potential therapies for this rare neurodegenerative condition. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A reward now or later? Exploring impulsivity in Parkinson's disease patients
(Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati) Promises of food, sums of money or entertaining pastimes: it does not matter what the temptation is, a new study shows that patients suffering from Parkinson's disease who are treated with DBS of the subthalamic nucleus are not more impulsive than others when making decisions about an appealing stimulus. To establish this, in the experiment the scientists placed the patients in front of a choice: have a small prize immediately or a bigger one, later. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New chimpanzee culture discovered
(Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology) Different cultures, different habits and different behavioral patterns -- this applies not only to humans but also to chimpanzees, one of our two closest living relatives. A team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI-EVA) in Leipzig, Germany, and the University of Warsaw in Poland now describes a new 'behavioral realm' of the Eastern chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of the Bili-U é r é region in Northern DR Congo, based on the results of a 12-year study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Brain scans shine light on how we solve clues
(Aalto University) Partnered with machine learning, brain scans reveal how people understand objects in our world. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A gene involved in ADHD could be related to addictive substance use
(University of Barcelona) Some variations in the gene LPHN3-associated with the attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in kids and adults -- could favor likelihood to smoke, consume alcohol, cannabis and other addictive substances, according to an article published in the journal Translational Psychiatry, from the Nature Publishing Group. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New clues about why non-smokers, as well as smokers, develop chronic lung disease revealed
(University of Leicester) A group of researchers led by the universities of Leicester and Nottingham has discovered genetic differences that put some people at higher risk than others of developing chronic lung disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Life's transitions easier with a sense of a well-rounded ending, new study shows
(New York University) We are more likely to have positive feelings about transitioning from one stage of life to the next if we have a 'well-rounded ending' -- or one marked by a sense of closure--finds a team of psychology researchers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Be yourself at work -- It's healthier and more productive
(Rice University) At work, it's healthier and more productive just to be yourself, according to a new study from Rice University, Texas A&M University, the University of Memphis, Xavier University, Portland State University and the University of California, Berkeley. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Health literacy can promote older people's health
(University of Jyv ä skyl ä - Jyv ä skyl ä n yliopisto) A new study on older Finnish people's health literacy found that one third of 75-year-old Finns find it difficult to understand and use health-related information. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

An educational program designed to lessen the risk of falls in children
(University of Seville) The programme Safe Fall- Safe Schools © establishes a methodology that is suitable for different ages of students, centred on progression by levels and types of fall (backwards, sideways and forwards), in which the child, goes from being a passive to an active participant. The programme is thought out to be implemented in PE classes, with between five and ten minutes in each PE class being given over to doing exercises simulating falls. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Fetal growth inhibited by cocktail of chemicals in the mother
(Aarhus University) For the first time, researchers have shown that a combination of perfluorinated substances in the mother significantly inhibits child growth. These are the substances which Denmark's minister for environment and food is currently working to ban. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Federal fire grant spending could be more balanced, new model suggests
(University at Buffalo) The federal government considers many factors when spending money to prevent structure fires. The key driver, however, is economic losses -- the greater the cost of fire within a state, the more aid that state is likely to receive. A new model emphasizes an additional factor: losses associated with human fatalities and injuries. That tweak throws the current system off-track, suggesting that some states receive an outsized share of fire protection money, while others are shortchanged. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Belief in conspiracy theories makes people more likely to engage in low-level crime
(University of Kent) People who believe in conspiracy theories -- such as the theory that Princess Diana was murdered by the British establishment -- are more likely to accept or engage in everyday criminal activity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Bentham Science launches animated abstracts -- A new exciting venture in publishing!
(Bentham Science Publishers) Extend the scope and visibility of your research by creating an animated abstract. Bentham Science has collaborated with Focus Medica, one of the world's largest publishers of expert animated atlases and videos in medicine and science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Younger Americans much more likely to be arrested than previous generations
(RAND Corporation) One possible byproduct of the of the nation's zero-tolerance criminal justice policies may be a trend that finds that Americans under the age of 26 are much more likely to be arrested than Americans born in previous decades. A new study finds the increase in arrests occurred most rapidly among white men and all women, and is linked to a lower likelihood of being married and lower income during adulthood. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: Political parties sideline minority voters, leave other orgs to pick up the slack
(San Francisco State University) Political parties sideline minority voters, and leave other organizations to pick up the slack. Outreach by nonpartisan institutions increases nonwhite voter participation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Some personal beliefs and morals may stem from genetics
(Penn State) Penn State researchers found that while parents can help encourage their children to develop into responsible, conscientious adults, there is an underlying genetic factor that influences these traits, as well. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mothers with children taken into out-of-home care at risk of poor prenatal care in next pregnancies
(Canadian Medical Association Journal) Mothers whose first child was taken into care were found to have inadequate or no prenatal care during subsequent pregnancies, according to a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).The study was conducted in the province of Manitoba, which has one of the highest rates of children in out-of-home care in developed countries. About 3 percent of children live in homes without parental caregivers compared with a rate of 1 percent of children in most developed countries. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Faced with choice overload, Indian farmers say, 'I'll have what he's having'
(Purdue University) After the Indian government liberalized its economy, shops stocking a previously controlled market of public agricultural goods were suddenly flooded with new private brands. Rather than relying on data for seed yields, many farmers make socially motivated purchasing decisions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New marine protected area established in the Batangas Province of the Philippines
(California Academy of Sciences) The global marine community has cause to celebrate a conservation milestone in the Philippines. The Municipality of Tingloy on Maricaban Island in Batangas Province recently designated 22.01 hectares (54.4 acres) of thriving coral reef habitat as a marine protected area (MPA), only the second MPA to be established in the municipality. Located within the most biologically diverse waters on Earth, the new MPA protects against localized threats while bolstering an emerging ecotourism industry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Exclusive breastfeeding lowers odds of some schoolchildren having eczema
(Children's National Health System) Children exclusively breastfed for the first three months of life had significantly lower odds of having eczema at age 6 compared with peers who were not breastfed or were breastfed for less time, according to preliminary research presented during the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma& Immunology 2019 Annual Meeting. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Food allergies: A research update
(Children's National Health System) Families impacted by food allergies will need psychosocial support as they try promising new therapies that enable them to ingest a food allergen daily or wear a patch that administers a controlled dose of that food allergen. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

US opioid deaths jump fourfold in 20 years; epidemic shifts to Eastern states
(Stanford Medicine) Opioid-related deaths nationwide jumped fourfold in the last two decades, and the epidemic has made major inroads in the Eastern states, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine, Harvard University and the University of Toronto. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Are the French lousy at languages? Not if there's noise!
(CNRS) It is often said that the French have poor English skills. But according to a study conducted by a CNRS researcher and her colleagues in the Netherlands, Finland and the UK, when it comes to process English spoken in a noisy environment like a caf é or a restaurant, the French have nothing to be ashamed of! (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: With Twitter, race of the messenger matters
(University of Kansas) University of Kansas journalism researchers showed real tweets about the NFL anthem protests to a group of millennials. Eye tracking software found they viewed tweets from white males the longest, but self-reported data showed they gave the most credibility to African-American males. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

ETRI won AVSS contest on traffic surveillance technology
(National Research Council of Science& Technology) A vehicle recognition technology for traffic surveillance developed by South Korea's Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI) won an international contest. ETRI announced that its researchers ranked first and third respectively, in the vehicle detection section of the international competition hosted by Advanced Video and Signal-based Surveillance (AVSS), the world's largest video security conference. The event was held in Auckland, New Zealand, for four days starting from November 27, 2018. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Studying species interactions using remote camera traps
(Forschungsverbund Berlin) In a recent study carried out by researchers from the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (Leibniz-IZW) in Germany and University of California, Davis, USA, the scientists explored to what extent camera trap data are suitable to assess subtle species interactions such as avoidance in space and time. The study is published in the international journal Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Political corruption scars young voters forever, new research finds
(Bocconi University) New research by Bocconi University, Milan, finds that political corruption has a long-term scarring effect on trust in democratic institutions and on voters' behavior and that such an effect differs according to one's age cohort, with first-time voters at the time of corruption revelation still being affected 25 years later. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The ancient people in the high-latitude Arctic had well-developed trade
(AKSON Russian Science Communication Association) Russian scientists studied the Zhokhov site of ancient people, which is located in the high-latitude Arctic, and described in detail the way of life of the ancient people had lived there. It turned out that, despite the sparsely populated area, the ancient people had communicated with representatives of other territories and had even exchanged various objects with them through some kind of the fairs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

CEOs make money from negative information released prior to stock option grants
(Lehigh University) Stock options are often used to align the interests of stakeholders and CEOs, as both benefit when share price rises. New research shows, however, that companies release more negative news during the period immediately before stock options are granted to their CEOs, which financially benefits the CEOs. CEOs, who control the release and tenor of the information, see higher future gains when options are granted while the share price is lower. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Certain factors linked with higher risk of infection after orthopaedic surgery
(Wiley) In an International Wound Journal study of 4,818 older patients undergoing elective orthopaedic surgeries, five risk factors were linked with an increased risk of developing surgical site infections, including diabetes, morbid obesity, tobacco smoking, prolonged surgical duration, and lower serum albumin levels prior to surgery. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The dollar store diet: Study shows discount produce matches quality of traditional chains
(University of Nevada, Las Vegas) When you hear about dollar-discount stores, the first thought that comes to mind likely isn't groceries for you and your family. But it might be time to consider dollar-discount stores as a stop for your grocery needs, says a new UNLV study, which found that the quality of fruits and vegetables at dollar stores is just as good as regular grocery store produce. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Is the drug overdose epidemic unique to the United States?
(Wiley) Is the current American drug overdose epidemic an isolated phenomenon? Have other high-income countries experienced similar increases in drug overdose mortality, or are they likely to going forward? A new study published in Population and Development Review addresses these questions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Social connectedness may help victims of cyberbullying
(Wiley) A new Psychology in the Schools study found that social connectedness may act as a protective buffer against the negative mental health effects of cyberbullying. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How news coverage of terrorism may shape support for anti-Muslim policies
(Wiley) Terrorist attacks committed by the so-called Islamic State are rising in Western countries. A new Political Psychology study indicates that how the news media portray these attacks may influence emotional responses and support for anti-Muslim policies such as immigration bans. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study links unhealthy diet to mental illness in California adults
(Loma Linda University Adventist Health Sciences Center) The study, published Feb. 16, 2019 in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, revealed that California adults who consumed more unhealthy food were also more likely to report symptoms of either moderate or severe psychological distress than their peers who consume a healthier diet. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study examines individuals' willingness to use artificial intelligence in career choices
(Wiley) Artificial intelligence is revolutionizing the way we do business, and it can potentially allow firms to improve their decision making, given that individuals are willing to adopt algorithms in decision-making contexts. A new Managerial and Decision Economics study indicates that cognitive perceptions play an important role on such willingness. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news