How do engineers form subjective opinions from objective data?
(Virginia Tech) 'I believe that the way in which we expose students to engineering problems in college is very misleading from the real practice of engineering.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Beyond Queen's stomp-stomp-clap: Concerts and computer science converge in new research
(Virginia Tech) How to get large numbers of people engaged in participating during a live performance like a concert -- or a lecture -- and channel that energy for a sustained time period. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

What it takes for green businesses to advertise online
(American Society for Horticultural Science) The internet has facilitated the growth of online advertising over the past decade, and online advertising has moved from being a peripheral to a central advertising medium because of its unique targeting capabilities. Yet, green industry firms struggle to integrate online advertising into their existing advertising strategy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New research on the prevalence of JUUL use and awareness amongst US youth age 13 to 17
(Centre for Substance Use Research) The Centre for Substance Use Research estimate the prevalence of awareness and use of the JUUL e-cigarette among adolescents in the United States. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Suicidal thoughts related to pain in 1 in 10 patients with rheumatic or musculoskeletal disease
(European League Against Rheumatism) The results of a survey presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2019) highlight the significant impact of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) on mental health and a worrying lack of psychological care. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Novel communications architecture for future ultra-high speed wireless networks
(IMDEA Networks Institute) SEARCHLIGHT project radically rethinks wireless architectures for highly scalable ultra-dense millimeter-wave networks. Millimeter-wave technology will achieve data rates previously only possible with optical fiber. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

UTIA developing ability-to-pay framework for Tennessee communities
(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) Researchers at the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture (UTIA) have received a $350,000 grant to develop the framework to determine the ability of communities to pay for infrastructure improvements that comply with federal and state water regulations. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Understanding social structure is important to rewilding
(San Diego Zoo Global) Increasing the success of wildlife translocations is critical, given the escalating global threats to wildlife. The study highlights the influence of a species' social structure on translocation success, and it provides a template for incorporating social information in the rehabilitation and release planning process. Using elephants as a model, the study highlights the need to include animal social structure as an integral part of conservation plans, in order to assure better animal welfare and program success. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Butting out: Researchers gauge public opinion on tobacco product waste
(University of Otago) Requiring cigarettes to contain biodegradable filters, fining smokers who litter cigarette butts and expanding smoke free outdoor areas are measures the public considers are most likely to reduce tobacco product waste, new University of Otago research reveals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Using prevalent technologies and 'Internet of Things' data for atmospheric science
(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) The use of prevalent technologies and crowdsourced data may benefit weather forecasting and atmospheric research. The data from these new 'sensors' could be assimilated into high-resolution numerical prediction models, and thus may lead to improvements in forecasting capabilities. The contribution to public health and safety as a result could potentially be of significant value. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Please see special handling
(The Lancet) A personalized active lifestyle program for employees with metabolic syndrome (who are at high risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes) that uses wearable activity trackers, a smartphone app, and face-to-face sessions with exercise coaches, can reduce disease severity in both men and women in various occupations, according to a randomized trial of over 300 workers published in The Lancet Public Health journal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New model more accurately predicts choices in classic decision-making task
(PLOS) A new mathematical model that predicts which choices people will make in the Iowa Gambling Task, a task used for the past 25 years to study decision-making, outperforms previously developed models. Romain Ligneul of the Champalimaud Center for the Unknown in Portugal presents this research in PLOS Computational Biology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Many choices seems promising until you actually have to choose
(University at Buffalo) People faced with more options than they can effectively consider want to make a good decision, but feel they're unable to do so, according to the results of a novel study from the University at Buffalo. Despite the apparent opportunities presented by a lot of options, the need to choose creates a 'paralyzing paradox,' according to the authors. 'You want to make a good choice, but feel like you can't.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Two hours a week is key dose of nature for health and wellbeing
(University of Exeter) Spending at least two hours a week in nature may be a crucial threshold for promoting health and wellbeing, according to a new large-scale study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Financial vulnerability may discourage positive negotiation strategies
(American Psychological Association) People who feel financially vulnerable may be prone to believing incorrectly their success in negotiations must come at the expense of the other party, leading them to ignore the potential for more cooperative and mutually beneficial options, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Aging delayed in older mice given blood component from young mice
(Washington University School of Medicine) New research has identified a novel approach to staving off the detrimental effects of aging, according to a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Supplementing older mice with an enzyme called eNAMPT from younger mice extends life spans in the older mice. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study shows 'safety bubble' expands during third trimester
(Anglia Ruskin University) New research, published in the journal Scientific Reports, shows that women undergo a significant mental as well as physical change during the late stages of pregnancy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Formation of habitual use drives cannabis addiction
(Elsevier) A shift from brain systems controlling reward-driven use to habit-driven use differentiates heavy cannabis users who are addicted to the drug from users who aren't, according to a study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, published by Elsevier. The findings help explain how the brain becomes dependent on cannabis, and why not all cannabis users develop an addiction, even with long-term regular use. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The power of a love song: Dopamine affects seasonal hearing in fish and facilitates mating
(Advanced Science Research Center, GC/CUNY) Scientists at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York and Brooklyn College have discovered seasonal changes in dopamine levels in the female plainfin midshipman fish's inner ear helps hearing sensitivity grow in the summer mating season, making her better able to hear the male's mating calls. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Exercise may have different effects in the morning and evening
(University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences) Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have learned that the effect of exercise may differ depending on the time of day it is performed. In mice they demonstrate that exercise in the morning results in an increased metabolic response in skeletal muscle, while exercise later in the day increases energy expenditure for an extended period of time. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

On your bike?
(James Cook University) A James Cook University researcher says a lack of suitable roads is a big reason why cycling participation rates in Australia and Queensland are so low. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Trinity study finds over a quarter of adults aged 50+ are deficient in vitamin D
(Trinity College Dublin) Over a quarter of adults aged 50+ are deficient in vitamin D according to researchers from Trinity College Dublin who announced their findings today (Thursday, June 13, 2019). Over half (57%) had inadequate serum vitamin D levels, of which 26% were classed as vitamin D deficient. Vitamin D has a known role in bone health, with growing evidence for beneficial effects on muscle strength and other non-skeletal outcomes. The study was recently published in the international, peer-reviewed journal Nutrients. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New economic study shows combination of SNAP and WIC improves food security
(Iowa State University) Forty million Americans are food insecure. Given the extent of food insecurity, a team of Iowa State University economists developed a methodology to analyze potential redundancies between two food assistance programs -- SNAP and WIC. Their research shows that participating in both programs compared to SNAP alone increases food security by at least 2 percentage points and potentially as much as 24 percentage points. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Married US moms aim to have first baby in the spring, new research shows
(University of Exeter) Educated and married American moms are more likely to try to time their pregnancy so that they have their first baby in the spring, according to new research from the University of Exeter Business School in the UK. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Monitoring educational equity
(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) A centralized, consistently reported system of indicators of educational equity is needed to bring attention to disparities in the US education system, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Indicators -- measures used to track performance and monitor change over time -- can help convey why disparities arise, identify groups most affected by them, and inform policy and practice measures to improve equity in pre-K through 12th grade education. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Two startups with UTA ties selected for accelerator program
(University of Texas at Arlington) Two startups with ties to The University of Texas at Arlington have been selected for an international accelerator program, illustrating UTA's commitment to entrepreneurship and impactful research commercialization. Both companies were selected to join MassChallenge, an accelerator that selects early-stage startup companies to participate in four-month programs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Downward head tilt can make people seem more dominant
(Association for Psychological Science) We often look to people's faces for signs of how they're thinking or feeling, trying to gauge whether their eyes are narrowed or widened, whether the mouth is turned up or down. But findings published in the June 2019 issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, show that facial features aren't the only source of this information -- we also draw social inferences from the head itself. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Stanford-led study investigates how much climate change affects the risk of armed conflict
(Stanford University) Intensifying climate change will increase the future risk of violent armed conflict within countries, according to a study published today in the journal Nature. Synthesizing views across experts, the study estimates climate has influenced between 3% and 20% of armed conflict over the last century and that the influence will likely increase dramatically. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Rising sea levels destroyed evidence of shell middens at many prehistoric coastal sites
(Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History) In a new study, researchers confirm a theory from the 1970s that coastal hunter-gatherers processed much of their shellfish at the beach before returning with their meat to camps on higher ground, leaving the heavy shells by the water. This finding has dramatic implications for past analyses of hunter-gatherer diets -- because many beachside shell middens would now be destroyed or underwater due to past sea level rises since the last Ice Age. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A deorbit kit for satellites based on low work-function tethers
(Universidad Carlos III de Madrid) Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) coordinates an European research project, called E.T.PACK, whose objective is the development of a new system for deorbit space satellites without using on board power and fuel. For this purpose, a new experimental technology will be employed: a low work-function tether. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Beekee box: A network without the internet or electricity!
(Universit é de Gen è ve) How can you work collaboratively in regions where there is no internet or electricity? Researchers (UNIGE) have developed the Beekee Box, that can generate a wireless network so users can log onto a learning platform without needing the internet or electricity. Anyone can connect to the Beekee Box's wireless network, accessing educational content or taking part in assessments. The box means that trainers can take their materials with them when they're overseas in war zones. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

iTHRIV awards pilot funding, supports statewide research collaborations
(University of Virginia Health System) The integrated Translational Health Research Institute of Virginia (iTHRIV) has awarded funding to four multi-institutional research projects through the Pilot Translational and Clinical Studies Program. By providing seed grant funding to support early phase research projects, the program is intended to accelerate joint discovery and the application of translational medical research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

'Interdisciplinary research takes time'
(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Interdisciplinarity is becoming increasingly important in research. Yet there are structures in place that make careers in science more difficult for interdisciplinary researchers, according to Ruth M ü ller, Professor of Science and Technology Policy at the Technical University of Munich (TUM). In this interview, she talks about her study on a research center in Sweden and about how existing hurdles could be overcome and interdisciplinary research could be promoted in more sustainable ways. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Deshpande Symposium honors leaders in entrepreneurship education
(University of Massachusetts Lowell) The Deshpande Symposium for Innovation in and Entrepreneurship in Higher Education presented awards to six institutions and two individuals during the eighth annual conference, in which more than 300 people participated. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Bullying gets worse as children with autism get older
(Binghamton University) Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely to experience bullying than children without ASD and this bullying gets worse with age, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

$1.6 million NIH research grant supports study of VR to improve perspective taking in kids
(Indiana University) The investigation will examine whether virtual reality (VR) can improve perspective taking and related brain function and behavior in youth with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) or conduct disorder (CD). If successful, an additional three years of funding may be received during the R33 phase for a five-year grant total of $4.06M. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Pre-qualifying education and training helps health workers tackle gender based violence
(University of Birmingham) Gender-based violence (GBV) could be tackled more effectively by giving healthcare students wider and more practical education and training in identifying and responding to the 'warning signs' presented among patients they will encounter in professional life, according to a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

National Poll: Daddy shaming happens too
(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) For over a quarter of fathers polled, criticism made them feel less confident as a parent and 1 in 5 say it discourages them from being more involved in parenting. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Diet at the docks: Living and dying at the port of ancient Rome
(University of Cambridge) Analysis of plant, animal and human remains from Portus, the maritime port of Imperial Rome, has reconstructed for the first time the diets and geographic origins of its inhabitants, suggesting a shift in food resources following the Vandal sack of Rome in AD 455. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Breakthrough in the discovery of DNA in ancient bones buried in water
(University of Helsinki) Fresh evidence rewrites the understanding of the most intriguing archaeological burial site in western Finland. New DNA technology gives significant information on the bones buried in water. The DNA matches present day S á mi people, who nowadays live far from the site. The question why the bones were buried in water remains a mystery and demands further investigation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Laboratory testing suggests human lung tissue unimpacted by blu vapor
(Imperial Brands) A new study by Imperial Brands, owners of leading vape brand blu, contributes to the increasing evidence base substantiating vaping's harm reduction potential compared to smoking. The research, presented at the 58th annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology earlier this year, compared the in-vitro toxicological responses of a 3D model of human lung tissue to myblu vapour and cigarette smoke across a range of biological endpoints. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Want effective policy? Ask the locals
(Kyushu University) Based on a survey of over 100,000 respondents in 37 countries, researchers at Kyushu University in Japan report that regional economic, developmental, and cultural factors greatly influence the relationships among self-reported levels of energy affordability, life satisfaction, health, and economic inequality. The findings indicate that policy should be culturally aware with respect to each nation's residents to achieve the best results. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Gender affects the correlation between depression and weight in children and adolescents
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) The results of a large community-based study have shown that the probability of major depressive disorder in children and adolescents with high, low, or normal body mass index differs according to gender. Underweight boys and overweight girls have an increased risk of depression, according to the study published in Childhood Obesity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: Intelligence community benefits from collaborations, but can do better
(North Carolina State University) An analysis of US intelligence programs aimed at collaborating with academic and industry partners finds that these collaborations are valuable for addressing complex intelligence challenges. The study also notes that institutional silos, lack of information sharing and lack of trust are obstacles to getting the most out of these collaborative efforts. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SwRI hosting 2019 International Human Performance Summit in San Antonio
(Southwest Research Institute) The 2019 International Human Performance Summit (IHPS) taking place at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) July 18-19 will unite sport scientists with high-performing athletic and military teams to explore practical applications for innovative research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Army focuses on power, propulsion for future unmanned aircraft systems
(U.S. Army Research Laboratory) The development of power and propulsion technologies for future unmanned aircraft systems will deliver more reach, lethality and protection for the Army's modernization efforts -- all issues that are center stage for a group of researchers from the Army's corporate research laboratory and its partners across academia and industry at a recent University of Illinois at Chicago event. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Bringing mental health care into pediatricians' offices works, finds 5-year study
(Boston Children's Hospital) A five-year study at Boston Children's Hospital reports success with a program it started in 2013 to bring much-needed behavioral health services directly into primary care pediatricians' offices. As reported today in Pediatrics, the program improved children's access to behavioral health care, with only minor increases in cost, and got high marks from participating pediatric practices. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How fathers, children should spend time together
(University of Georgia) Fathers who spend lots of time helping out with child care-related tasks on workdays are developing the best relationships with their children. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How bosses react influences whether workers speak up
(Rice University) Speaking up in front of a supervisor can be stressful -- but it doesn't have to be, according to new research from a Rice University psychologist. How a leader responds to employee suggestions can impact whether or not the employee opens up in the future. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Why you may be prone to hiring a liar, and not even know it
(University of Chicago Booth School of Business) Researchers find that people don't always disapprove of deception. In fact, they perceive the ability to deceive as an asset in occupations that are stereotyped as high in 'selling orientation.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news