Exposure to nature during COVID-19 lockdown was beneficial for mental health
(Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona) A study by the ICTA-UAB and the University of Porto analyses the effects of exposure to green spaces during the first months of the COVID19 pandemic in Spain and Portugal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Depression, tau deposits seen in subset of middle-aged persons
(University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio) Scientists from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and collaborating institutions found no associations of depressive symptoms with amyloid beta protein deposition in a study of middle-aged Framingham Heart Study participants. They did, however, note an association of tau protein aggregates with depressive symptoms in subjects carrying a genetic variant called APOE e4. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New book, 'The Tolls of Uncertainty,' examines the US unemployment system
(Penn State) In her new book, " The Tolls of Uncertainty: How Privilege and the Guilt Gap Shape Unemployment in America, " Sarah Damaske, associate professor of sociology and labor and employment relations, offers a look at the nation's unemployment system -- who it helps, who it hurts and what, if anything, we can do to make it fair. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Anti-science, partisan tweets could flag an outbreak
(University of Southern California) Anti-science attitudes and political ideology often go hand in hand, a new USC study finds, which means machine-analyzed data on platforms such as Twitter could offer clues as to where diseases like COVID-19 might spread. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Altered microstructure improves organic-based, solid state lithium EV battery
(University of Houston) Researchers at the University of Houston, in collaboration with Rice University, published a paper detailing how to improve energy density in a novel electric vehicle battery - a step toward a more cost-effective, easily recycled battery that would allow EVs to travel farther and charge faster at a low cost. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New analysis discusses role of managed retreat as a climate change response
(University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine& Atmospheric Science) MIAMI--In a new analysis on managed retreat--the climate adaptation response of moving people and property out of harm's way--researchers explore what it would take for managed retreat to be supportive of people and their priorities. A key starting point is considering retreat alongside other responses like coastal armoring and not just as an option of last resort. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Managed retreat: A must in the war against climate change
(University of Delaware) Climate change will shape the future of coastal communities, with flood walls, elevated structures and possibly even floating cities used to combat sea level rise. New research has found that managed retreat -- moving buildings, homes or communities off of the coast or away from floodplains -- must be part of any solution. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New study finds fast-food companies spending more on ads, targeting Black and Hispanic youth
(UConn Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity) The fast-food industry spent $5 billion on advertising in 2019, and the advertisements disproportionately targeted Black and Hispanic youth, according to new research published today by the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at the University of Connecticut. The new report, Fast Food FACTS 2021, finds that the industry's annual ad spending in 2019 increased by over $400 million since 2012, and that children and teens were viewing on average more than two fast food TV ads per day. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Higher COVID-19 mortality among Black patients linked to unequal hospital quality
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) If Black patients were admitted to the same hospitals that serve a majority of White patients, researchers showed that their risk of death would drop by 10 percent. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Differences in inpatient mortality among US Black, White patients with COVID-19
(JAMA Network) What The Study Did: The findings of this study suggest that the increased mortality among Black patients hospitalized with COVID-19 is associated with the hospitals at which Black patients disproportionately received care. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

COVID-19 symptom incidence among hospital employees for early alert surveillance of hospital admissions
This study examined whether mandatory daily employee symptom data collection can be used as an early alert surveillance system to estimate COVID-19 hospitalizations in communities where employees live. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Health, economic outcomes associated with COVID-19 in women at high risk of HIV infection in rural Kenya
(JAMA Network) What The Study Did: In this survey study, COVID-19 was associated with large reductions in economic security among women at high risk of HIV infection in Kenya. However, shifts in sexual behavior may have temporarily decreased their risk of HIV infection. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Survival of very preterm infants discharged against medical advice in China
(JAMA Network) What The Study Did: Researchers estimated survival and other outcomes of very preterm infants in China discharged against medical advice from neonatal intensive care units before complete care can be provided compared with infants who receive full intensive care treatment. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Pandemic adolescent mental health study reveals turnaround finding
(Lancaster University) Young people with poor mental health took a turn for the better during the pandemic but those with good mental health saw a considerable decline, new research reveals.The first nationally representative evidence regarding the diverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent mental health in the UK was led by researchers at Lancaster University working with the University of British Columbia in Canada. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Stress during pandemic linked to poor sleep
(Washington State University) A study found that stress, anxiety and depression during the first few weeks of the pandemic were associated with less and lower quality sleep. In a survey of more than 900 twins, about half of the respondents reported no change in sleep patterns, but 32.9% reported decreased sleep. Another 29.8% reported sleeping more. The researchers found that any change in sleep was connected to self-reported mental health issues, though more strongly associated with decreased sleep. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

First report of dorsal navigation in a flying insect
(Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute) Sweat bees navigate through dark tropical forests guided by canopy patterns. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The global ranking of academic journals' impact on WeChat announced
(Cactus Communications) Linkresearcher (www.linkresearcher.com), an academic communication service platform under " Global Science, " the Chinese version of the " Scientific American, " collaborated with Impact Science, a Cactus Communications (CACTUS) brand that provides science communications strategy and tactics, to announce a ranking of academic journals based on new media influence. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Parrot talk
(University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Science) Outside the breeding season many parrots live in dynamic social systems in which individuals travel and forage. These flocks are characterised by frequent changes in composition and their dynamic nature entails a unique set of challenges, such as potential increased aggression and competition for resources. Therefore, the ability to selectively choose the right flock members may be essential to maximise individual fitness. In a new study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen and Aarhus University is shedding light over social interactions in parrots. (Source: EurekAl...
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Theory of Tradition: Why architect Seiichi Shirai practiced calligraphy
(Shinshu University) Seiichi Shirai (1905-1983) was an influential architect whose work has affected the designs of significant architects of the 20th century. Associate Professor Kosuke Hato of the Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University has studied the work of Shirai and examined why the architect worked extensively on calligraphy. Hato's strategy is to clarify the relationship between the architect and his activity of calligraphy through Shirai's Theory of Tradition. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Supporting sustainable development in the agricultural sector
(International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) IIASA, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the Environmental System Research Institute (ESRI) are proud to announce the launch of version 4 of the Global Agro-Ecological Zones platform (GAEZ v4) - a research tool that supports sustainable development in the agricultural sector - on the occasion of the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

'First empirical evidence of an identity-related societal cleavage'
(Cluster of Excellence " Religion and Politics ") International survey by Cluster of Excellence reveals division of European societies into two entrenched camps of substantial size. In Germany, one third hold opposing positions on national belonging, threat, disadvantage. 'Politics should not take one side: positions should be traced back to their respective functional core, compromises sought, polarization stopped.' Most comprehensive survey on identity conflicts in Europe to date. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Financial networks: A new discipline to interpret crises and green transition
(Universit à Ca' Foscari Venezia) Modelling the financial system as a network is a precondition to understanding and managing the containment of financial crises and the transition to a low-carbon economy. Financial Networks is the scientific discipline that deals with these issues. An article published in the scientific journal Nature Review Physics carries out the first comprehensive review of this field. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

After the pandemic: Economy, poverty and climate in the post-COVID-19 era
(CMCC Foundation - Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change) The economic activity might not recover quickly and poverty increase in the next 4 years, decarbonisation might be only temporary. The consequences of COVID-19 based on the effects of five previous major epidemics in this century and how the recovery packages should align to sustainability targets in a study led by the RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment (EIEE). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Racism and racial trauma as barriers to breastfeeding
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) African American mothers continue to have the lowest breastfeeding rates, even as the breastfeeding rates have risen in the US over the past 25 years. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Growing feeling of safety among the population in Germany
(BfR Federal Institute for Risk Assessment) With increasing vaccination rates and decreasing numbers of infections in Germany, the population's feeling of safety is also rising. As the results of the 37th edition of the BfR-Corona-Monitor, a regular survey conducted by the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), show, the majority of the population in Germany thinks it can control its risk of an infection well. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How should governments offer subsidies for clean-energy heating?
(Aalto University) Many countries are already looking to adopt clean heating solutions more widely, with the International Energy Agency projecting that by 2045 nearly half of global heating will be done with heat pumps. A new study from Aalto University assesses the impact of heat pumps on energy consumption as well as how they should be subsidized. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Idea of COVID-19 'immunity passports' decreases people's compliance with restrictions
(University of Kent) Researchers from the University of Kent's School of Psychology have found that when people are presented with the idea of a COVID-19 'immunity passport,' they show less willingness to follow social distancing and face covering guidelines. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Convergent mechanism of aging discovered
(Max-Planck-Gesellschaft) Fundamental signaling pathway is crucial for longevity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Developing countries pay steep economic & health costs because of high car air pollution
(University of Surrey) Some of the world's most vulnerable cities suffer disproportionate economic losses because of the health consequences of in-car air pollution, finds a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How do we know where things are?
(Dartmouth College) Our eyes move three times per second. Every time we move our eyes, the world in front of us flies across the retina at the back of our eyes, dramatically shifting the image the eyes send to the brain; yet, as far as we can tell, nothing appears to move. A new study provides new insight into this process known as " visual stabilization " . The results are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Contraception data 'blind spot' could hide pandemic impact on women's reproductive health
(University of Warwick) Limited data on the uptake of contraception prior to and during crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic could mean unforeseen issues for sexual and reproductive health services, research from the University of Warwick concludes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Research study suggests BAT's Modern Oral products have similar toxicant profile to NRT
(R&D at British American Tobacco) New research published today indicates that BAT's modern oral (MO) products in the form of tobacco-free nicotine pouches have a toxicant profile that is comparable to nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) and much lower than traditional oral snus, a category of products that, when used as the sole nicotine product is already established as a reduced risk product compared with cigarettes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Model helps analyze decision-making on adopting Type 2 diabetes medical guidelines
(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau) A team led by a University of Illinois researcher developed a new computational framework for analyzing how best to communicate about new medical guidelines to encourage their adoption. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Smartphone bans in the workplace
(University of Konstanz) Study on smartphone bans in the workplace reveals possible benefits of 'soft' bans -- research project involving the University of Konstanz. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: Complexity holds steady as writing systems evolve
(Santa Fe Institute) A new paper in the journal Cognition examines the visual complexity of written language and how that complexity has evolved. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Finding pathways for sustainable development in Africa
(International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) A new project funded under the Belmont Forum's joint Collaborative Research Action on Pathways to Sustainability will develop novel tools and capacities to understand and manage interlinkages between the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and support sustainable development pathways for African countries, tailored to local capacities and priorities. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

OU professor receives Council on Foreign Relations fellowship
(University of Oklahoma) Samer Shehata, a faculty member in the David L. Boren College of International Studies at the University of Oklahoma's , has received the International Affairs Fellowship for Tenured International Relations Scholars from the Council on Foreign Relations. The prestigious award facilitates practical experience in the foreign policy-making field, providing a 12-month placement at a U.S. federal government agency, in Congress or with an international organization. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Measuring driver trust in autonomous vehicles
(Texas A&M University) Automated vehicle (AV) technology is widely acknowledged as a promising means to prevent crashes, increase mobility among drivers and even lower emissions. But there is a hesitancy toward autonomy among drivers, which Texas A&M University researchers are attempting to understand. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Pandemic-era crowdfunding more common, successful in affluent communities
(University of Washington) A new University of Washington study of requests and donations to the popular crowdfunding site GoFundMe, along with Census data, shows stark inequities in where the money went and how much was donated. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Subsurface geophysics is key to geological carbon dioxide storage
(University of Houston) A crucial step in sequestering carbon dioxide and realizing the energy transition means finding where to store it to avoid earthquakes and possible leakage pathways, which Yingcai Zheng at the University of Houston is taking on in collaboration with Los Alamos National Lab and Vecta Oil and Gas with support from the U.S. Department of Energy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Urbanization drives antibiotic resistance on microplastics in Chinese river
(American Chemical Society) Microplastic pollution of waterways has become a huge concern, with the tiny pieces of plastic entering food webs and potentially having harmful effects on animals and people. In addition, microplastics can act as breeding grounds for antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Now, researchers reporting in Environmental Science& Technology have analyzed antibiotic-resistance genes (ARGs) on five types of microplastics at different locations along the Beilun River in China, finding much higher abundances in urban than rural regions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study shows Head Start teachers' depressive symptoms related to children's math skills
(Society for Research in Child Development) A new study examined both direct and indirect pathways by which preschool teachers' depressive symptoms could influence preschool children's early mathematical skills. The study showed that teachers' depressive symptoms were significantly associated with children's math achievement in Head Start programs. In addition, the linkage was through the quality of the teachers' relationships with the families, which in turn affected young children's motivation, engagement, and persistence in learning (called their approaches to learning). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Fossil research shows woodlice cousins roamed Ireland 360 million years ago
(University College Cork) The old cousins of the common woodlice were crawling on Irish land as long as 360 million years ago, according to new analysis of a fossil found in Kilkenny, Ireland. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Invention uses machine-learned human emotions to 'drive' autonomous vehicles
(Florida Atlantic University) A new technology for autonomous systems that is responsive to human emotions based on machine-learned human moods has earned a very competitive utility patent from the U.S.P.T.O. for FAU. This unique invention uses non-intrusive sensors to perceive the mood of drivers and passengers in semi or fully autonomous vehicles, which is essential to properly navigate autonomous vehicles on the roads and to build trust between humans and AI/autonomous technologies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Blavatnik National Awards for Young Scientists announces the finalists of 2021
(New York Academy of Sciences) The Blavatnik National Awards today named 31 finalists for the world's largest unrestricted prize honoring early-career scientists. The finalists were culled from 298 nominations by 157 U.S. research institutions across 38 states. They have made trailblazing discoveries in wide-ranging fields, from the neuroscience of addiction to the development of gene-editing technologies, from designing next-generation battery storage to understanding the origins of photosynthesis, from making improvements in computer vision to pioneering new frontiers in polymer chemistry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social a...
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Those breakfast foods are fortified for a reason
(Ohio State University) Adults who skip breakfast are likely to miss out on key nutrients that are most abundant in the foods that make up morning meals, a new study suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Air pollution exposure during pregnancy may boost babies' obesity risk
(University of Colorado at Boulder) New research shows pregnant women exposed to higher levels of air pollution have babies who grow unusually fast in the first months after birth, putting on excess fat that may put them at risk of obesity and related diseases later in life. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Joseph Baur to present at the 8th Aging Research & Drug Discovery Meeting 2021
(Deep Longevity Ltd) Joseph Baur to present new research in the biology of aging at the world's largest aging research for drug discovery conference. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Teenagers at greatest risk of self-harming could be identified almost a decade earlier
(University of Cambridge) Researchers at the University of Cambridge have identified two subgroups of adolescents who self-harm and have shown that it is possible to predict those individuals at greatest risk almost a decade before they begin self-harming. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The most ancient ice in the Alps will be preserved in Antarctica
(Universit à Ca' Foscari Venezia) The Ice Memory international mission on Monte Rosa has been accomplished. After working for five days at 4,500 meters in the accumulation zone of the Grenzgletscher, the glacier saddle of Colle Gnifetti, scientists extracted three shallow ice cores (15-22 meters) and two deep ice cores reaching down to bedrock at 82 meters depth. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news