Beekee box: A network without the internet or electricity!
(Universit é de Gen è ve) How can you work collaboratively in regions where there is no internet or electricity? Researchers (UNIGE) have developed the Beekee Box, that can generate a wireless network so users can log onto a learning platform without needing the internet or electricity. Anyone can connect to the Beekee Box's wireless network, accessing educational content or taking part in assessments. The box means that trainers can take their materials with them when they're overseas in war zones. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

iTHRIV awards pilot funding, supports statewide research collaborations
(University of Virginia Health System) The integrated Translational Health Research Institute of Virginia (iTHRIV) has awarded funding to four multi-institutional research projects through the Pilot Translational and Clinical Studies Program. By providing seed grant funding to support early phase research projects, the program is intended to accelerate joint discovery and the application of translational medical research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

'Interdisciplinary research takes time'
(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Interdisciplinarity is becoming increasingly important in research. Yet there are structures in place that make careers in science more difficult for interdisciplinary researchers, according to Ruth M ü ller, Professor of Science and Technology Policy at the Technical University of Munich (TUM). In this interview, she talks about her study on a research center in Sweden and about how existing hurdles could be overcome and interdisciplinary research could be promoted in more sustainable ways. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Deshpande Symposium honors leaders in entrepreneurship education
(University of Massachusetts Lowell) The Deshpande Symposium for Innovation in and Entrepreneurship in Higher Education presented awards to six institutions and two individuals during the eighth annual conference, in which more than 300 people participated. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Bullying gets worse as children with autism get older
(Binghamton University) Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely to experience bullying than children without ASD and this bullying gets worse with age, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

$1.6 million NIH research grant supports study of VR to improve perspective taking in kids
(Indiana University) The investigation will examine whether virtual reality (VR) can improve perspective taking and related brain function and behavior in youth with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) or conduct disorder (CD). If successful, an additional three years of funding may be received during the R33 phase for a five-year grant total of $4.06M. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Pre-qualifying education and training helps health workers tackle gender based violence
(University of Birmingham) Gender-based violence (GBV) could be tackled more effectively by giving healthcare students wider and more practical education and training in identifying and responding to the 'warning signs' presented among patients they will encounter in professional life, according to a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

National Poll: Daddy shaming happens too
(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) For over a quarter of fathers polled, criticism made them feel less confident as a parent and 1 in 5 say it discourages them from being more involved in parenting. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Diet at the docks: Living and dying at the port of ancient Rome
(University of Cambridge) Analysis of plant, animal and human remains from Portus, the maritime port of Imperial Rome, has reconstructed for the first time the diets and geographic origins of its inhabitants, suggesting a shift in food resources following the Vandal sack of Rome in AD 455. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Breakthrough in the discovery of DNA in ancient bones buried in water
(University of Helsinki) Fresh evidence rewrites the understanding of the most intriguing archaeological burial site in western Finland. New DNA technology gives significant information on the bones buried in water. The DNA matches present day S á mi people, who nowadays live far from the site. The question why the bones were buried in water remains a mystery and demands further investigation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Laboratory testing suggests human lung tissue unimpacted by blu vapor
(Imperial Brands) A new study by Imperial Brands, owners of leading vape brand blu, contributes to the increasing evidence base substantiating vaping's harm reduction potential compared to smoking. The research, presented at the 58th annual meeting of the Society of Toxicology earlier this year, compared the in-vitro toxicological responses of a 3D model of human lung tissue to myblu vapour and cigarette smoke across a range of biological endpoints. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Want effective policy? Ask the locals
(Kyushu University) Based on a survey of over 100,000 respondents in 37 countries, researchers at Kyushu University in Japan report that regional economic, developmental, and cultural factors greatly influence the relationships among self-reported levels of energy affordability, life satisfaction, health, and economic inequality. The findings indicate that policy should be culturally aware with respect to each nation's residents to achieve the best results. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Gender affects the correlation between depression and weight in children and adolescents
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) The results of a large community-based study have shown that the probability of major depressive disorder in children and adolescents with high, low, or normal body mass index differs according to gender. Underweight boys and overweight girls have an increased risk of depression, according to the study published in Childhood Obesity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: Intelligence community benefits from collaborations, but can do better
(North Carolina State University) An analysis of US intelligence programs aimed at collaborating with academic and industry partners finds that these collaborations are valuable for addressing complex intelligence challenges. The study also notes that institutional silos, lack of information sharing and lack of trust are obstacles to getting the most out of these collaborative efforts. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

SwRI hosting 2019 International Human Performance Summit in San Antonio
(Southwest Research Institute) The 2019 International Human Performance Summit (IHPS) taking place at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) July 18-19 will unite sport scientists with high-performing athletic and military teams to explore practical applications for innovative research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Army focuses on power, propulsion for future unmanned aircraft systems
(U.S. Army Research Laboratory) The development of power and propulsion technologies for future unmanned aircraft systems will deliver more reach, lethality and protection for the Army's modernization efforts -- all issues that are center stage for a group of researchers from the Army's corporate research laboratory and its partners across academia and industry at a recent University of Illinois at Chicago event. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Bringing mental health care into pediatricians' offices works, finds 5-year study
(Boston Children's Hospital) A five-year study at Boston Children's Hospital reports success with a program it started in 2013 to bring much-needed behavioral health services directly into primary care pediatricians' offices. As reported today in Pediatrics, the program improved children's access to behavioral health care, with only minor increases in cost, and got high marks from participating pediatric practices. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How fathers, children should spend time together
(University of Georgia) Fathers who spend lots of time helping out with child care-related tasks on workdays are developing the best relationships with their children. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How bosses react influences whether workers speak up
(Rice University) Speaking up in front of a supervisor can be stressful -- but it doesn't have to be, according to new research from a Rice University psychologist. How a leader responds to employee suggestions can impact whether or not the employee opens up in the future. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Why you may be prone to hiring a liar, and not even know it
(University of Chicago Booth School of Business) Researchers find that people don't always disapprove of deception. In fact, they perceive the ability to deceive as an asset in occupations that are stereotyped as high in 'selling orientation.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Behind the magic: Making moving photos a reality
(University of Washington) UW researchers have figured out how to take a person from a 2D photo or a work of art and make them run, walk or jump out of the frame. The system also allows users to view the animation in three dimensions using augmented reality tools. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Curbing your enthusiasm for overeating
(University of California - Riverside) Signals between our gut and brain control how and when we eat food. But how the molecular mechanisms involved in this signaling are affected when we eat a high-energy diet and how they contribute to obesity are not well understood. Using a mouse model, a research team led by a biomedical scientist at UC Riverside has found that overactive endocannabinoid signaling in the gut drives overeating in diet-induced obesity by blocking gut-brain satiation signaling. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers find physical activity in preschool years can affect future heart health
(McMaster University) Physical activity in early childhood may have an impact on cardiovascular health later in life, according to new research from McMaster University, where scientists followed the activity levels of hundreds of preschoolers over a period of years. They found that physical activity in children as young as three years old benefits blood vessel health, cardiovascular fitness and is key to the prevention of early risk indicators that can lead to adult heart disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

EWG: Nitrate pollution of US tap water could cause 12,500 cancer cases each year
(Environmental Working Group) Nitrate pollution of US drinking water may cause up to 12,594 cases of cancer a year, according to a new peer-reviewed study by the Environmental Working Group. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Trailblazing findings on the properties of daguerreotypes discovered by The Met and UNM
(University of New Mexico) The Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met) and The University of New Mexico (UNM) today announced the groundbreaking findings of a two-year study of the plasmonic properties of daguerreotypes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sellers on classified ad websites favor buyers from affluent neighborhoods
(Rice University) New Rice University research has found that people selling stuff on classified ad websites prefer dealing with buyers from affluent neighborhoods. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How cryptocurrency discussions spread
(DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) PNNL data scientist, Dr. Svitlana Volkova, the team analyzed three years of discussions on Reddit from January 2015 to January 2018. The team measured the speed and scale of discussion spread related to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Monero cryptocurrencies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

In romantic relationships, people do indeed have a 'type'
(University of Toronto) Researchers at the University of Toronto show that people do indeed have a 'type' when it comes to dating, and that despite best intentions to date outside that type -- for example, after a bad relationship -- some will gravitate to similar partners. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How electrical stimulation reorganizes the brain
(Society for Neuroscience) Recordings of neural activity during therapeutic stimulation can be used to predict subsequent changes in brain connectivity, according to a study of epilepsy patients published in JNeurosci. This approach could inform efforts to improve brain stimulation treatments for depression and other psychiatric disorders. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Courts' sentencing of Hispanic defendants differs by destination, citizenship, year
(Crime and Justice Research Alliance) A new study examined whether federal courts in areas where Hispanics have historically immigrated handed out sentences differently than federal courts in areas that are new destinations for Hispanic immigration, and how those sentences differed by citizenship. It found that disparities were lowest in areas that have traditionally welcomed Hispanic immigrants and where Hispanic immigrants were numerous, and greatest in areas with few new Hispanic immigrants and small Hispanic immigrant populations. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Marijuana and fertility: Five things to know
(Joule Inc.) For patients who smoke marijuana and their physicians, 'Five things to know about ... marijuana and fertility' provides useful information for people who may want to conceive. The practice article is published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Safe to breastfeed while on bipolar meds? Jury's still out
(Northwestern University) Women taking lithium to treat their bipolar disorder frequently ask if breastfeeding while on the medication will harm their babies. Those fears are largely rooted in sparse studies that have not addressed critical factors, reports a new Northwestern Medicine systematic review. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Survey: Majority of current gun owners support the sale of personalized guns
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) A new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that almost four out of five current gun owners support the sale of both traditional and personalized guns through licensed dealers. However, only 18% of gun owners reported being likely to purchase a personalized gun for themselves when considering the additional costs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

To protect kids and teens from firearm harm, answer these question first, experts
(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) Firearm injuries kill more American children and teens than anything else, except automobile crashes. But research on how those injuries happen, who's most likely to suffer or die from one, or what steps would prevent them, has lagged behind research on other causes of death. Now, as more researchers and funders appear interested in pediatric firearm injury research, a team of experts has published the most pressing questions and called for studies to address them. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Three public health interventions could prevent 94 million premature deaths
(Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) Lowering blood pressure, reducing sodium intake, and eliminating trans fat could prevent 94 million early deaths around the world according to a new study led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Our brains appear uniquely tuned for musical pitch
(NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) In the eternal search for understanding what makes us human, scientists found that our brains are more sensitive to pitch, the harmonic sounds we hear when listening to music, than our evolutionary relative the macaque monkey. The study, funded in part by the National Institutes of Health, highlights the promise of Sound Health, a joint project between the NIH and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts that aims to understand the role of music in health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Supportive families and schools help prevent substance use among trans youth: UBC study
(University of British Columbia) Strong family and school connections are helping prevent transgender youth from smoking cigarettes and using marijuana, even among those targeted by violence. That's the key finding of a new national study led by researchers in the Stigma and Resilience Among Vulnerable Youth Centre in the school of nursing at the University of British Columbia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

USC study: Exposure to videos of race-based violence online may be spurring mental-health issues
This study examines the association between exposure to such events online and mental health in a sample of African American and Latinx adolescents. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study illustrates gaps in knowledge and lack of support for girls during puberty
(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) A study examined girls' transitions through puberty in Madagascar and ways in which menstruation influences their educational experiences and future sexual and reproductive health. Findings revealed gaps in the girls' knowledge and an absence of support during puberty. Until this study little had been known about girls' experiences of puberty in Madagascar, which has among the highest rates of adolescent pregnancy compared with those in other parts of Africa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The common wisdom about marketing cocreated innovations is wrong
(American Marketing Association) A new study in the Journal of Marketing finds that companies can improve consumer adoption and accelerate product takeoff of cocreated innovations through a novel communication strategy that creates inconsistency or a mismatch between the creator's and the company's messages. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Dramatic change in ancient nomad diets coincides with expansion of networks across Eurasia
(Kiel University) Strengthening of political networks coincided with the intensification of agricultural production, resulting in the widespread adoption of millet by populations across Eurasia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A $12 pill test could save the lives of first-timers
(Edith Cowan University) Pill testing services at music festivals may be most effective in reducing harm for people trying ecstasy for the first time, but less so for prior users. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Powerful lasers for fragile works of art
(Institut national de la recherche scientifique - INRS) Protecting artworks from the effects of aging requires an understanding of the way materials alter over time. Professor Patrizio Antici of Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS) has developed a new diagnostic and analytical method for use in cultural conservation, putting his scientific knowledge of lasers and particle accelerators to work for the art world. He describes the new method in an article published in the journal Science Advances. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers warn: junk food could be responsible for the food allergy epidemic
(Spink Health) Experts at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition are today presenting the results of a study that show higher levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), found in abundance in junk food, are associated with food allergy in children. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New blood test on horizon for the 1 in 10 children who suffer common liver disease
(Spink Health) A new blood test could become clinical practice within five years, reducing the need for a liver biopsy in the management of pediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), as a major new international pediatric liver registry collaboration yields early results. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Rapidly removing fluid from ICU patients in kidney failure linked to increased death risk
(University of Pittsburgh) The faster fluid is removed using continuous dialysis from patients with failing kidneys, the higher the likelihood they will die in the next several months. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Naloxone access law in Pennsylvania falls short
(University of Illinois at Chicago) A new study finds that only one-third of pharmacies in Philadelphia carry naloxone nasal spray, a medication used to rapidly counter the effects of opioid overdose, and that many of the pharmacies that do carry the drug require patients to have a physician's prescription for it. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Firearms and risk of suicide by US army soldiers
(JAMA Network) Examining to what extent firearm ownership and accessibility may be associated with suicide risk among US Army soldiers was the aim of this psychological autopsy study. The study included 135 soldiers who died by suicide on active duty between 2011-2013; firearms were the most common method with 61 of 111 soldiers who had a documented method of injury dying this way. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Availability of opioid-overdose antidote at pharmacies
This study looked at the availability (with or without a prescription) of naloxone nasal spray at 418 pharmacies in Philadelphia surveyed by telephone. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How much would you pay to eliminate child labor from your cocoa?
(PLOS) An increase in cocoa price by 2.8% could potentially eliminate the very worst forms of child labor from cocoa production in Ghana, according to a new economic model described in a study published June 5, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jeff Luckstead and Lawton L. Nalley from the University of Arkansas, USA, and Francis Tsiboe from Kansas State University, USA. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news