Internet & telephone assisted training for child disruptive behavior found to be effective
(Elsevier) Positive long-term outcomes, such as a reduction in child disruptive behavior and increased parental skills, have been reported in a new study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

McLaren Racing and KAUST sign a five-year R & D agreement
(King Abdullah University of Science& Technology (KAUST)) King Abdullah University of Science and Technology partners with McLaren Racing on R&D in Extreme Performance Technology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Disaster leaves unexpected impact on rural Japan's marriage migrants
(Tohoku University) The devastating 2011 tsunami that struck the northeast of Japan led to a surprising outcome -- empowering some migrant women, while further isolating others. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

B cells among factors leading to brain lesions in multiple sclerosis
(University of Zurich) A team of researchers from UZH and USZ has shown that in multiple sclerosis, it is not only specific T cells that cause inflammation and lesions in the brain. B cells, a different type of immune cell, also play a role. These cells activate T cells in the blood. This discovery explains how new MS drugs take effect, opening up novel options for treating the disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New project to improve drugs safety in East Africa
(Karolinska Institutet) In recent years access to drugs and vaccines has been increasing in many African countries, but the systems for monitoring treatment effects and reporting side-effects require further development. Karolinska Institutet in Sweden will now lead an international collaboration project on pharmacovigilance -- drugs safety -- in four countries in East Africa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Preterm birth: The 'Nodal' gene under the microscope
(McGill University Health Centre) A team from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) has shed light on new possibilities for the prevention of preterm birth. They studied a gene called Nodal, which, through the regulation of the immune system and the inflammatory factors associated with it, appear to determine when contractions will start. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Scientists find a neurological synergy in explaining the processing of an optical illusion
(New York University) A team of scientists has uncovered a neurological synergy that occurs in visual adaptation, a phenomenon in which perception is altered by prolonged exposure to a stimulus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The gens isiaca in Hispania: Egyptian gods in Roman Spain
(Universidad Carlos III de Madrid) Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have developed a geo-localized database which enables archaeological pieces from ancient religions to be located on the Iberian Peninsula. This platform, named " The gens isiaca in Hispania " , provides a catalogue with more than 200 remains from the Roman age on Isis and other Egyptian gods. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Gestational diabetes may predispose to postpartum depression symptoms
(University of Eastern Finland) Mothers diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an elevated risk of developing postpartum depression symptoms, according to a new Finnish study. Moreover, GDM increases the mother's risk of developing type two diabetes later in life. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

National Academies Keck Futures Initiative announces winners of the NAKFI challenge
(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative (NAKFI) is pleased to announce the recipients of three $500,000 NAKFI Challenge awards. A 15-year, $40 million dollar program funded by the W.M. Keck Foundation, NAKFI was initiated in 2003 to break down barriers between fields and to promote interdisciplinary research. The NAKFI Challenge awards support activities that will carry forward NAKFI's work beyond its 15 years as an activity of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Is TV advertising for health insurance worth the expense? A new study says, 'maybe not'
(Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences) A new study to be published in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science has revealed that health insurance has a small effect on brand enrollments, raising the question of whether health insurance television advertising is worth the expense. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

UB expert's election forecasting model predicts big House gains for Dems
(University at Buffalo) A distinguished professor of political science at the University at Buffalo has published his latest Seats-in-Trouble projection in the journal PS: Political Science and Politics. James Campbell says indications point to as many as 44 seats moving to the Democrats in the upcoming midterm elections, shifting control of the House in their favor. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study finds you act most like 'you' in a time crunch
(Ohio State University) When they must act quickly, selfish people are likely to act more selfishly than usual, while pro-social people behave even more pro-socially, a new study found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Why we stick to false beliefs: Feedback trumps hard evidence
(University of California - Berkeley) Ever wonder why flat earthers, birthers, climate change and Holocaust deniers stick to their beliefs in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary? New findings suggest that feedback, rather than hard evidence, boosts people's sense of certainty when learning new things or trying to tell right from wrong. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

No evidence that moral reminders reduce cheating behavior, replication effort concludes
(Association for Psychological Science) Scientists report they were unable to reproduce the results of a well-known study showing that people are less likely to cheat on a task after making a list of the Ten Commandments. Their findings are published in a Registered Replication Report (RRR) in Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Expressing your gratitude is more powerful than you think
(University of Chicago Booth School of Business) New research from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business finds that people significantly underestimate the positive impact a letter of gratitude has on its recipient. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Most people don't change their views after seeing racial disparities in police statistics
(University of Kansas) What people believe is the cause of racial disparities in police stops does influence whether they generally view police officers as trustworthy or not, but most people also don't change their views in light of reading those statistics, according to a study led by a University of Kansas researcher of political behavior and public policy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Nalbuphine may help manage opioid-induced urine retention
(American College of Physicians) Nalbuphine may help to manage opioid-induced urine retention. Findings from a brief case report are published in Annals of Internal Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Lack of social mobility more of an 'occupational hazard' than previously known
(New York University) American workers' occupational status reflects that of their parents more than previously known, reaffirming more starkly that the lack of mobility in the United States is in large part due to the occupation of our parents. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Infants can distinguish between leaders and bullies, study finds
(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) A new study finds that 21-month-old infants can distinguish between respect-based power asserted by a leader and fear-based power wielded by a bully. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Can social media networks reduce political polarization on climate change?
(University of Pennsylvania) Political bias often leads to polarization on topics like climate change. But a new study from Damon Centola of the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg School for Communication has shown that exposure to anonymous, bipartisan social networks can make a striking difference, leading both liberals and conservatives to improve their forecasting of climate-change trends. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Age, race or need for instant gratification -- which best predicts how much you will earn?
(Frontiers) Traditional statistics have allowed researchers to understand which things -- like education, occupation and gender -- predict how much a person will earn. Now, in the first study of its kind, researchers have used machine learning to rank the importance of these factors, finding that a person's ability to delay immediate gratification is among the best predictors of affluence. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Gun owners are more politically active, study finds
(University of Kansas) American gun owners in recent years have exhibited higher levels of political participation, not only in voting but in donating money to candidates and contacting elected officials, according to a study by University of Kansas political scientists. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Trends over 20 years in ADHD diagnoses among US children, adolescents
(JAMA Network) Diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in US children and adolescents appears to have become more common over 20 years, with an increase in   estimated prevalence from 6.1 percent to 10.2 percent between 1997 and 2016, although the cause of this apparent uptick still needs to be better understood. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Higher depression risk in young adulthood associated with autism spectrum disorders
(JAMA Network) Autism spectrum disorders (ASD), especially without an accompanying intellectual disability, were associated with greater risk for depression in young adulthood compared with the general population and siblings without ASD. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The low impact of the high-speed train on international tourism
(University of Seville) There is undeniably a complementary relationship between air travel and the high-speed train. However, and although both means of transport favor tourism, European experience indicates that their influence is very different. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Now we can see brain cells 'talk' -- and that will shed light on neurological diseases
(University of Virginia Health System) Scientists have developed a way to see brain cells talk -- to actually see neurons communicate in bright, vivid color. The new lab technique is set to provide long-needed answers about the brain and neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia and depression. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Research finds gender-diverse boards are greener
(University of Adelaide) Companies with a more balanced mix of men and women on their boards are better at protecting the environment and less likely to be sued for environmental law violations, according to new research from the University of Adelaide. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

We can still save Earth
(World Scientific) The co-authors, both environmental scientists, argue that Other World that is Still Possible (OWSP) can become humanity's future, despite the ever-growing threat of catastrophic climate change. But its realisation will require radical changes in both the political and physical economies. These changes include solarisation of energy supplies, the ecological transformation of agriculture and bottom-up social management of the global economy. The prerequisite for this transition is demilitarisation, opening up a regime of global cooperation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Russia: Increases in life expectancy, decreases in child deaths, use of alcohol, tobacco
(Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation) Life expectancy in Russia between 1994 and 2016 increased by more than seven years, while rates of death among children under age 5 decreased nearly 60 percent, according to the most extensive health study on the nation ever conducted. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

In test with rats, cannabidiol showed sustained effects against depression for 7 days
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) First results appeared 24 hours after one single dose of the marijuana component; scientists concluded that CBD activates mechanisms which repair neuronal circuitry in patients' prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Information technology jobs outpace most other jobs in productivity and growth since 2004
(University of British Columbia) Jobs in information technology -- like computer software, big data, and cybersecurity -- are providing American workers with long-lasting financial stability, suggests a new study from the University of British Columbia and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A FEW good collaborators
(Lehigh University) Society's ability to provide itself with the essentials of food, energy and water rely upon natural and manmade processes that are interrelated in ways we have only begun to comprehend. To better understand the interconnections, Dr. Y.C. 'Ethan' Yang of Lehigh University is leading an research team comprised of academic researchers from across the U.S. and China, working together to evaluate the vulnerability, resilience and sustainability of this system of systems. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Dual-layer solar cell developed at UCLA sets record for efficiently generating power
(UCLA Samueli School of Engineering) Materials scientists from the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have developed a highly efficient thin-film solar cell that generates more energy than typical solar panels, thanks to its double-layer design. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Deadline for climate action
(European Geosciences Union) If governments don't act decisively by 2035 to fight climate change, humanity could cross a point of no return after which limiting global warming below 2 ° C in 2100 will be unlikely, according to a new study by scientists in the UK and the Netherlands. The research also shows the deadline to limit warming to 1.5 ° C has already passed, unless radical climate action is taken. The study is published today in the European Geosciences Union journal Earth System Dynamics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New research: Financial disclosure lacking in publication of clinical trials
(Oregon Health& Science University) A substantial proportion of pharmaceutical industry payments to authors of oncology clinical trials published in major scientific journals are not disclosed, new research shows. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study shows how our brain and personality provide protection against emotional distress
(Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology) Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois recently examined a sample of 85 healthy college students to see how a number of personality traits can protect an individual's brain against symptoms of emotional distress, namely depression and anxiety. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Gutenberg Teaching Award 2018 goes to Geoffrey Brennan
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) The Australian economist Geoffrey Brennan receives the 2018 Gutenberg Teaching Award for the development and direction of innovative interdisciplinary study programs combining the fields of philosophy, political science, and economics (PPE) as well as his lifelong commitment to academic teaching. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New personality test is faster -- and tougher to trick
(North Carolina State University) Psychology researchers have developed a new personality test that is both faster to take and much harder to manipulate by those attempting to control the outcome. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Research could lead to security scanners capable of detecting explosives
(University of Sussex) Using a single pixel camera and Terahertz electromagnetic waves, a team of Physicists at the University of Sussex have devised a blueprint which could lead to the development of airport scanners capable of detecting explosives. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Great Britain: A model example?
(Goethe University Frankfurt) In Germany, the risk of poverty has increased since the 1990s while in Great Britain it has decreased. Frankfurt sociologist Jan Br ü lle has explored the potential reasons for this in his thesis -- the results are revealing. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Friending God increases purpose in life in the socially disconnected
(University of Michigan) Religious people who lack friends and purpose in life turn to God to fill those voids, according to new University of Michigan research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Psycholinguists build eye-tracking database on reading in Russian
(National Research University Higher School of Economics) Researchers from the Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg State University, and the University of Potsdam have created the first ever database comprised of eye-tracking data collected during reading in Russian. The results are openly available and can be used not only in linguistics, but also in the diagnosis and correction of speech disorders, for example. The research was published in the journal Behavior Research Methods. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Heritability explains fast-learning chicks
(Link ö ping University) Both genetic and environmental factors explain cognitive traits, shows a new study carried out on red junglefowl. Researchers at Link ö ping University in Sweden have shown that the ability of fowl to cope with difficult learning tasks is heritable, while their optimism can be explained by environmental factors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The God of small things
(James Cook University) New research suggests people who are religious gain happiness from believing there is a deeper meaning to everyday events. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Funding to create unique drug and alcohol treatment for young people with mental illness
(Orygen, the National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health) Research into clinical treatments to reduce drug and alcohol use in young people with mental illness has received a significant funding boost, with a $1.25 million grant over three years from Gandel Philanthropy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

$3.8 million NIMH grant to diagnose suicidal thinking using brain imaging
(Carnegie Mellon University) The grant will be used to advance previous research and establish reliable neurocognitive markers of suicidal ideation and attempt. They will examine the differences in brain activation patterns between suicidal and non-suicidal young adults as they think about words related to suicide -- such as positive and negative concepts -- and use machine learning techniques to identify neural signatures of suicidal ideation and behavior. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Father's diet could affect the long-term health of his offspring
(University of Nottingham) New research has shown that a lack of protein in a father's diet affects sperm quality which can have a direct impact on the long-term health of their offspring. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Biomembranes 2018 conference: World's leading molecular and cell biologists will meet at MIPT
(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) From Oct. 1-5, MIPT will host the fourth Biomembranes conference. This international event is part of the conference series Virtual Human -- Imaging Across Scales. The program of the conference features over 40 lectures by researchers from Russia, the US, Germany, France, China, Japan, and elsewhere, as well as a poster session. The proceedings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Control groups
(National Research University Higher School of Economics) High school students' membership in certain social media groups can be used to predict their academic performance, as demonstrated by Ivan Smirnov, junior research fellow at HSE's Institute of Education.The analysis of school students' membership in groups and communities was used to detect low-performing and high-performing students. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news