The new EU climate target could phase out coal power in Europe as early as 2030
(Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)) Tightening the EU emissions trading system (EU ETS) in line with the EU Green Deal would dramatically speed up the decarbonization of Europe's power sector - and likely cause a demise of the coal industry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Linguists predict unknown words using language comparison
(Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History) Researchers from SOAS University of London and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History have published a new paper in the renowned international journal for historical linguistics, Diachronica. Their paper describes an experiment that illustrates how the classical method for the reconstruction of unattested languages can also be used to predict hitherto undocumented words in poorly described and endangered languages of India. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The factors that improve job resiliency in North American cities have been identified
(Universidad Carlos III de Madrid) " Job connectivity " (the possibility of finding a similar job) is a key factor for the recovery of local economies in the face of crises, according to a study published recently in Nature Communications by researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the Max Planck Society and the University of Pittsburgh. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Climate crises in Mesopotamia prompted the first stable forms of State
(Universit à di Bologna) In the medium and long-term periods, climate shocks favoured cooperation among diverse groups of people. Indeed, by enlarging access to political and property rights, elites who had decision-making powers could work with other groups who held the skills and tools to overcome those crises (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

UMD studies mangrove genetic diversity in Africa to conserve centers of biodiversity
(University of Maryland) In collaboration with the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, a University of Maryland (UMD) researcher co-published a large-scale study examining the genetic diversity of mangroves over more than 1,800 miles of coastline in the Western Indian Ocean, including Eastern Africa and several islands. This work showcases how oceanic currents create both connectivity and barriers between mangrove populations, with important implications for how to protect these ecosystems. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Women's football in Japan had a rich history before WWII
(Hokkaido University) A team of scientists has found that women's football was common across Japan between the Meiji restoration and the start of the Second World War. In the process, they also uncovered the oldest known photograph of women playing football in Japan, from 1916. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Impact of COVID-19 on racial-ethnic minorities among persons with opioid use disorder
(University of Connecticut) The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted health disparities for people of color, who have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic. People with opioid use disorder (OUD) faced unique challenges when many mental health and addiction services reduced services or temporarily closed.UConn researchers recently published their findings in the Journal of Substance Abuse and Treatment about the experiences of racial-ethnic minorities during the COVID-19 pandemic among people with OUD. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Majority of US faculty help students with mental health issues -- but few are trained for it
(Boston University) Nationwide survey, led by BU researcher Dr. Sarah Lipson, indicates colleges and universities need to invest in more resources for faculty " gatekeepers " of mental health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Alternative meats are not suppressing reliance on grazing animal sources
(University of Oregon) The addition of meat alternatives such as poultry and fish is not reducing the global production and consumption of energy-gobbling land-based meats, according to new research. That conclusion comes from an analysis of 53 years of international data by University of Oregon sociologist Richard York. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Can a newborn's brain discriminate speech sounds?
(University of Barcelona) People's ability to perceive speech sounds has been deeply studied, specially during someone's first year of life, but what happens during the first hours after birth? Are babies born with innate abilities to perceive speech sounds, or do neural encoding processes need to age for some time? (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Six factors that determine success when working from home
(Technical University of Denmark) Are you suffering from corona fatigue and looking forward to coming back, or do you thrive on remote work? According to new research from DTU, six factors play an important role in the well-being and efficiency of European knowledge workers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

When Chauvet Cave artists created its artwork, the Pont d'Arc was already there
(CNRS) The Chauvet Cave, which lies by the entrance to the Gorges of the Ard è che, is home to the world's oldest cave paintings, dating back 36,000 years. The location of the cavern--surrounded by a remarkable landscape, next to the Pont d'Arc natural archway--raises the question of whether the people who executed these artworks looked and walked out upon the same landscape as today. Did they see the same natural archway? (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sounds familiar: A speaker identity-controllable framework for machine speech translation
(Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)Smart assistant devices often need to perform speech translation, which does not always produce the desired voice identity due to drawbacks in the conventional voice conversion (VC) model. In a new study, researchers from Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology designed a VC model that mimics and controls speaker voice identity during speech translation using two deep learning based training frameworks, opening doors to voice modification, voice restoring, and voice cloning applications. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mental health promotes children's physical activity during lockdown
(Karlsruher Institut f ü r Technologie (KIT)) According to the Motorik-Modul-L ä ngsschnittstudie (MoMo, Motor Module Longitudinal Study) of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Karlsruhe University of Education (PHKA), mental health of children and adolescents decreased during the first lockdown. For children aged between 4 and 10 years and for girls irrespective of their age, mental health was found to promote physical activity during Covid-induced lockdown in spring 2020. This is reported in Children (DOI: 10.3390/children8020098). (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Research by University of Minnesota Medical School students suggests protocol change for tear gas deployment
(University of Minnesota Medical School) A new study by five doctoral students in neuroscience at the University of Minnesota Medical School calls attention to a lack of regulation and unknown long-term health effects of tear gas. Based on their research, the group recommends changing the protocols around the use of tear gas as a crowd control measure at both the local and national level. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Implications are global in new study predicting Human exodus in Bangladesh
(NYU Tandon School of Engineering) Researchers led by Maurizio Porfiri at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering, apply data science to predict how the cascading effects of the migration in Bangladesh will ultimately affect 1.3 million people across the country by 2050. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Blood transfusions in cats: A precious resource requiring a considered approach
(SAGE) Blood transfusions are a common procedure in medical practice in which donated blood is used to replace blood lost to injury or surgery or to treat serious medical conditions. The procedure is not performed as routinely in the treatment of pet cats - but, as in people, can be lifesaving. The availability of donors has been a limitation in primary care veterinary practice, but with the growth of blood banks providing greater access to feline blood, the procedure is likely to become more commonplace. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Brain changes following traumatic brain injury share similarities with Alzheimer's disease
(University of Southern California) Brain changes in people with Alzheimer's disease and in those with mild traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) have significant similarities. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Uncovering the effects of prior knowledge on learning and memory in bird experts
(Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care) The Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR) has awarded a team of scientists at Baycrest's Rotman Research Institute (RRI) a prestigious grant to determine why having prior knowledge on a topic affects how we learn new, related information as we age. This research will pave the way for optimizing the use of prior knowledge to preserve and improve memory as we get older, ultimately helping older adults live life to the fullest. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

What spurs people to save the planet? Stories or facts?
(Johns Hopkins University) With climate change looming, what must people hear to convince them to change their ways to stop harming the environment? A new Johns Hopkins University study finds stories to be significantly more motivating than scientific facts-- at least for some people. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Consortium aims to boost US clean energy leadership, investment in next-generation CdTe PV
(University of Toledo) As part of an effort to help address America's and the world's needs for clean energy, the Wright Center for Photovoltaics at The University of Toledo (UToledo), Colorado State University (CSU) and the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have teamed with U.S.-based companies to form the U.S. Manufacturing of Advanced Cadmium Telluride (US-MAC) photovoltaics consortium. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Forensic scientists unlocking unique chemical signatures in tires
(University of Central Florida) Skid marks left by cars are often analyzed for their impression patterns, but they often don't provide enough information to identify a specific vehicle. UCF Chemistry Associate Professor Matthieu Baudelet and his forensics team at the National Center for Forensic Science, which was established at UCF in 1997, may have just unlocked a new way to collect evidence from those skid marks. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Psst! Have you heard that gossip isn't all bad?
(Dartmouth College) Gossip is often considered socially taboo and dismissed for its negative tone, but a Dartmouth study illustrates some of its merits. Gossip facilitates social connection and enables learning about the world indirectly through other people's experiences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New book highlights Colored Conventions and long history of Black activism
(Penn State) More than 50 years ago Howard Holman Bell, a scholar of African American history, published a f book on the Colored Conventions Movement -- the 19th century's longest campaign for Black civil rights. Bell's book was the only full-length volume on these Black conventions that were attended by tens of thousands of Black delegates across the nation and hundreds of thousands from all walks of life. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Is night shift really helping you sleep better?
(Brigham Young University) A new study from BYU published in Sleep Health challenges the premise made by phone manufacturers and found that the Night Shift functionality does not actually improve sleep. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How philosophy can change the understanding of pain
(Ruhr-University Bochum) Dr. Sabrina Coninx from Ruhr-Universit ä t Bochum and Dr. Peter Stilwell from McGill University, Canada, have investigated how philosophical approaches can be used to think in new ways about pain and its management. The researchers advocate not merely reducing chronic pain management to searching and treating underlying physical changes but instead adopting an approach that focuses on the person as a whole. Their work was published online in the journal " Synthese " on 15 April 2021. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Two UoC professors win the most prestigious European research grants
(University of Cologne) Cultural anthropologist Michael Bollig and physicist Stephan Schlemmer receive an ERC Advanced Grant for new research projects. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Travel paths of primates show how their minds work
(Oxford Brookes University) Using data from 164 wild primate populations, the global survey examines the mental abilities that primates, including ourselves, use to know where and when to travel in the most efficient way. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Army, ASU publish human-autonomy communication tips
(U.S. Army Research Laboratory) Army and Arizona State University researchers identified a set of approaches to help scientists assess how well autonomous systems and humans communicate. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Quantifying the level of pollution in marinas
(University of Seville) Marinas are highly modified ecosystems that have a great impact on marine biota. On the one hand, they alter the area's hydrodynamism, tending to concentrate pollutants (heavy metals, hydrocarbons, etc.). In addition, recreational boats can transport invasive species. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

University of Maryland and Mid-Atlantic Quantum Alliance launch quantum business incubator
(University of Maryland) The incubator seeks to launch and grow new startups and to connect quantum businesses with mentors, existing companies, funding and infrastructure--all to create or advance quantum-based technologies (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Violence-legitimizing verses in religious scriptures increase support for lethal violence
(WZB Berlin Social Science Center) Extremist perpetrators of violence often quote verses from their religion's holy scriptures that authorize, or even prescribe, attacks on enemies of the faith. However, whether the religious motivation that extremist perpetrators of violence emphasize is causally related to their actions is often doubted. Now, WZB researchers Ruud Koopmans and Eylem Kanol can prove for the first time that verses in religious scriptures that legitimize violence can increase support for killing enemies of the faith. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Professor Amro M. Farid receives 2021 Fulbright Scholar Award to Australia
(Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth) Amro M. Farid, associate professor of engineering at Dartmouth and research affiliate in the department of mechanical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), has been named a 2021 Fulbright Future Scholar to Australia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers develop a programme to find cipher vulnerabilities
(National Research University Higher School of Economics) Anastasia Malashina, a doctoral student at HSE University, has proposed a new method to assess vulnerabilities in encryption systems, which is based on a brute-force search of possible options of symbol deciphering. The algorithm was also implemented in a programme, which can be used to find vulnerabilities in ciphers. The results of the study were published in a paper 'Software development for the study of natural language characteristics'. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Using spatial distance strategically with luxury and popular product displays
(American Marketing Association) The distance between the product and the consumer, whether in real life or in ads, can have a profound influence on how consumers evaluate the product and make purchase decisions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New study shows people with a high Omega-3 index less likely to die prematurely
(Wright On Marketing& Communications) A new research paper examining the relationship between the Omega-3 Index and risk for death from any and all causes has been published in Nature Communications. It showed that those people with higher omega-3 EPA and DHA blood levels (i.e., Omega-3 Index) lived longer than those with lower levels. In other words, those people who died with relatively low omega-3 levels died prematurely, i.e., all else being equal, they might have lived longer had their levels been higher. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Urban design standards needed to protect Fraser River salmon, SFU report finds
(Simon Fraser University) A joint research study by the Pacific Water Research Centre at Simon Fraser University and the Fraser Basin Council points to the use of certified, nature-based solutions for protecting salmon and aquatic habitats in the Lower Mainland. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

COVID-19 mobility restrictions effective for short duration, study finds
(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau) Attempts at restricting people's mobility to control the spread of COVID-19 may be effective only for a short period, researchers said. A new study examines people's mobility for seven months during the pandemic in the United States using publicly available, anonymized mobile phone data. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Ankle exoskeleton enables faster walking
(Stanford University) In lab tests, researchers found that an optimized ankle exoskeleton system increased participants' walking speed by about 40 percent compared with their regular speed. The researchers hope someday to help restore walking speed in older adults. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Law professor argues for removing police from traffic enforcement
(University of Arkansas) In " Traffic Without Police, " University of Arkansas law professor Jordan Blair Woods articulates a new legal framework for traffic enforcement, one that separates it from critical police functions, such as preventing and deterring crime, conducting criminal investigations and responding to emergencies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Judith Kroll is named a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences
(University of California - Irvine) Judith Kroll, Distinguished Professor of language science at the University of California, Irvine, has been elected a fellow by the American Academy of Arts& Sciences. The 241st class of inductees includes more than 250 extraordinary people across America and around the world who help solve the world's most urgent challenges, create meaning through art, and contribute to the common good from every field, discipline and profession. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Urgent shortage of evidence for safe withdrawal from antidepressants
(University of Southampton) A new study has highlighted that while much is known about the ever increasing uptake of antidepressant medications around the world, there is very little evidence on safe and effective approaches to discontinuing treatment. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Frequent internet use by older people during lockdown linked to mental health benefits
(University of Surrey) A new study from the University of Surrey has found that among people aged 55 to 75 more frequent use of the internet was beneficial for mental health and quality of life under lockdown. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Miniaturized models of neuron-muscle interactions give insight in ALS
(International Society for Stem Cell Research) Researchers have developed a new miniaturized model of neuromuscular junction formation that will have broad applications in studying motor neuron pathology and the discovery of potential therapeutics in ALS. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Adversity in early life linked to higher risk of mental health problems
(RCSI) New research has found that childhood adversity, such as parental conflict, death of a close family member or serious injury, before the age of nine was associated with mental health problems in late adolescence. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

IU researchers tackled the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance
(Indiana University) IU researchers tackled the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance by looking at accessibility of county and municipal laws in Indiana. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Romantic relationships mitigate effects of trauma on alcohol use among college students
(Virginia Commonwealth University) Students who have been exposed to interpersonal trauma -- physical assault, sexual assault or unwanted sexual experiences -- prior to college are more likely to engage in risky alcohol use. But romantic relationships mitigate these effects of trauma on a student's drinking behavior, according to a new study led by Virginia Commonwealth University researchers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sapped: Exploring potential connections between devitalizing anemia and insomnia
(Cactus Communications) Genome wide analyses have revealed that MSEI, a gene linked with anemia is also associated with insomnia. The correlation between the two conditions, however, remains largely unexplored in adults. Thus, in a cross-sectional study, researchers assessed the relation between anemia and insomnia in a large Chinese cohort. Their findings, published in Chinese Medical Journal, suggest that anemia increases the risk of insomnia. Further studies can help elucidate the underlying molecular and physiological associations. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How we know whether and when to pay attention
(Max-Planck-Gesellschaft) International team of researchers identifies cognitive computations underlying human predictive behaviour. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New nonprofit boosts Research4Life's mission in lower- and middle-income countries
(Elsevier) Friends of Research4Life, a new 501(c)(3) nonprofit based in the United States, has been recently launched to support the critical mission of the Research4Life partnership to enable full participation in the global information environment. Organizations and individuals can now make contributions that directly benefit Research4Life programs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news