A few days left to benefit from the Late registration fee
ICNC12 is the key international scientific congress, focusing on latest scientific developments, applications and research in Cardiovascular Imaging, Nuclear Cardiology and Cardiac CT.Take the opportunity to join us in Madrid on 3-5 May!Register now and benefit from the Late registration fee. (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - March 25, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Cardiovascular disease kills 51% of women in Europe and breast cancer kills 3%
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) kills 51% of women in Europe and breast cancer kills 3%, bucking the misperception that CVD is a man’s disease. CVD is the top killer in women and is largely preventable. The call for women to reduce their risk comes from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) today on International Women’s Day. Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - March 5, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

ICNC 12: discover the Advance programme!
The ICNC meeting has been a key international scientific event for nuclear cardiology and cardiac CT imaging for more than 20 years. The advance programme is now available. Explore it and take the opportunity to join expert in their field! Topics: Nuclear cardio & CT (Non-invasive imaging) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - March 2, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

NEW sports cardiology quiz from the EACPR - test your knowledge!
Incidental findings in cardiovascular pre-participation screening programmes: A 14 year old Caucasian boy had a 12-lead ECG performed as part of a voluntary cardiovascular screening event for young individuals. He had no symptoms, past medical history or significant family history. He played on average 3 hours of football and rugby per week. Take the quiz! Have you taken the CPX quiz? Review the case of a 66 year-old male with exertional dyspnoea !  Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management, Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 25, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

The year in cardiology: heart failure 2014
The year 2014 has become a remarkable year for heart failure.  The most important news was related to the results of PARADIGM, where LCZ696, the first-in-class angiotensin-receptor neprilysin inhibitor, proved to be superior to enalapril in reducing mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Read more. Topics: Heart Failure (HF) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 23, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

ESC in Abu Dhabi at the Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology Congress
Join the ESC for a two half days scientific programme during the 20th Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology Congress from 29 April to 2 May 2015 in Abu Dhabi. The 'ESC in Abu Dhabi' programme will include the main messages from multi-centric clinical trials at ESC Congress 2014 and key take case presentations with take home messages from the latest ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines. (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 23, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Episodes of intense anger associated with high risk of heart attack within the next two hours
The risk of heart attack has been found to be 8.5 times higher in the two hours following an acute episode of anger than during the "usual frequency" patterns of anger. The findings emerged from a well controlled study in which acute coronary blockage was angiographically confirmed in patients hospitalised for suspected heart attack. Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 18, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Most coronary patients in Europe are not meeting their lifestyle, therapeutic and risk factor targets after hospitalisation
Fewer than one half of all European patients following a heart attack are even receiving the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation and preventive care. In the light of the findings, from EUROASPIRE IV, largest survey of coronary care in Europe, the investigators are now calling for "a new approach to cardiovascular prevention . . . which integrates cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention into modern preventive cardiology programmes with appropriate adaptation to medical and cultural settings in each country". Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment ...
Source: ESC News and Press - February 13, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Preventive cardiology: An up-to-date insight from Spain and Portugal
“In spite of economic turmoil, Portuguese and Spanish cardiologists remain strongly engaged in preventive cardiology.” Joep Perk, EACPR Prevention Implementation Committee Chair. Read the reports from Spain and Portugal (host country to EuroPRevent 2015) brought to you by the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation. Topics: Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 11, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Join the Twitter and Facebook Valentine’s Day campaign to promote heart health
Join the Twitter and Facebook campaign #loveyourheart2015 to promote heart health from 12 to 14 February. More than 500 000 people are set to be reached with heart healthy messages from MEPs, EU Commissioners, health organisations and many individuals. Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 10, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Women with a pregnancy history of spontaneous preterm delivery found at higher risk of cardiovascular diseases
Meta-analysis shows that history of spontaneous preterm delivery appears to double a woman's risk of heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, according to results of a study published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. Topics: Pregnancy and Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 10, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Interested in optimising your exercise intervention trials?
Take part in the new EACPR training course: 'Performing exercise intervention trials in cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation'. Meet well-known experts and learn best practices with this practical two day course taking place on 19 and 20 March 2015 in Munich, Germany. Topics: Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 9, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

ESC Congress 2015 Programme Online Today
The pre arranged scientific programme for ESC Congress 2015 is revealed online today. The world’s largest and most influential cardiovascular event is attended by more than 30,000 cardiovascular professionals from 144 countries and over 700 journalists. (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 6, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

The Chronic Ischemic Cardiovascular Disease Long-Term Registry launched soon
The CICD registry is being undertaken to improve knowledge about the care of patients with CAD and/or PAD. The pilot registry provided important data on demographic and clinical profile of the patient population suffering from CAD and/or PAD, current treatment in daily practice... Topics: Chronic Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 5, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

New molecule protects heart from toxic breast cancer drugs
A new molecule has been found that protects the heart from toxic breast cancer drugs and also kills the cancerous tumour. The research from Italy addresses the burgeoning problem of heart disease in cancer survivors and is announced by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) today on World Cancer Day. Topics: Heart Failure (HF) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - February 3, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

ESC elected to head secretariat of European Chronic Disease Alliance
The ESC has been elected to head the secretariat of the European Chronic Disease Alliance (ECDA) for the next two years. The announcement comes as the ECDA holds its first meeting of 2015 in Brussels today. Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - January 23, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

First issue of “European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy” is out now
Pharmacotherapy is an increasingly important area of cardiology given the high number of cardiac patients who are on medication of some kind. This new journal aims to publish the highest quality research, interpreting and integrating new scientific developments within the field of cardiovascular pharmacotherapy. The overarching goal of the journal is to improve the care of patients with cardiovascular disease with a specific focus on cardiovascular pharmacotherapy. Topics: Clinical pharmacology (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - January 22, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Drinking moderate amounts of alcohol is linked to reduced risk of heart failure
A large study shows that drinking up to seven drinks a week in early to middle age is associated with a 20% lower risk of men developing heart failure in the future when compared to people who did not drink at all, and a more modest 16% reduced risk for women. Topics: Heart Failure (HF) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - January 19, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Acute cardiovascular care in review is now available online
Peer-reviewed highlights of Acute Cardiovascular Care 2014. The top advances and key clinical trials in this report include: Summaries of the EPICOR, PRIVATE-ATLANTIC, COPED, PAPRICA-2, and NOMI trials and more. Read the full report   Topics: Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - January 12, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

NEW sports cardiology quiz: An asymptomatic athlete with-pre-excitation
A 16-year-old Caucasian international level cyclist underwent pre-participation cardiac screening. He reported no sinister cardiac symptoms or family history of heart disease or sudden cardiac death at a young age. Physical Examination was unremarkable. Study the charts and take the quiz! Have you tried the online sports cardiology courses? Discover them now. Topics: Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - January 12, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Best of AHA Late Breakers
Professor Francois Schiele, Besancon, France, ESC spokesperson and member of the ESC Press Committee, attended the AHA Scientific Sessions held in Chicago, 14-19 November 2014. Prompted to comment on the key trials presented this year, he singled out the three following topics that, in his view, will have a direct impact on clinical practice, and that are interesting to compare with European guidelines. (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - January 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Blood sugar levels in heart failure patients predict risk of early death, hospitalisations and diabetes
New research suggests that people who arrive at hospital emergency departments with acute heart failure should have their blood sugar levels checked on arrival. This simple and inexpensive measure could identify patients at high risk of early death, further hospitalisations, or the development of more health problems, such as diabetes. Topics: Diabetic heart disease, Heart Failure (HF) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - January 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

EACVI Echo e-learning course, Echocardiography Tutorials
Discover the first module of the complete Echo e-learning course. An extensive programme providing practical training on how to perform echo exams, covering the EACVI Echo Core Syllabus. See more here Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 15, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Yoga has the same potential as exercise to reduce the risk factors of cardiovascular disease
Following a systematic review of 37 randomised controlled trials, investigators from the Netherlands and USA have found that yoga may provide the same benefits in risk factor reduction as such traditional physical activities as biking or brisk walking. Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 15, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

How Kazakhstan and Russia are meeting the challenge of CVD prevention
“Kazakhstan and Russia continue to face a major challenge in combating the huge impact of cardiovascular diseases. However, as shown in these reports, they are observing signs of change and improvement and a light at the horizon of preventive cardiology!” Prof. Joep Perk, EFESC, EACPR Prevention Implementation Committee chair." Read the reports Discover scientific sessions at EuroPRevent which dig deeper into the challenges in CVD prevention that different countries face. Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 15, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction – state of the art
Discussion of diagnosis, assessment and treatment of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction underlines the need for further clinical research in this area. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Heart Failure (HF), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 11, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

The Heart in 3D: new frontiers
TEE before, during and after surgery is necessary to check indications, verify operative success and monitor long-term follow-up. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Controversies in monitoring disease
Transthoracic echo remains first-line imaging for monitoring of bicuspid aortic valve and screening for ischemia in patients undergoing radiotherapy, but CTA and MRA also have role to play. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Imaging Multiple Valve Disease
Cardiac imaging specialists call for broader perspectives to identify best practice for evaluation and management of patients with multiple valve lesions. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Beyond left ventricular ejection fraction: Tissue Doppler Imaging and Speckle Tracking In Clinical Practice
Session focused on systolic LV function, but experts underline that tissue Doppler and speckle tracking can also provide substantial insights into diastolic LV function. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Innovation in atrial fibrillation therapy
Left atrium assessment and left atrium fibrosis among the areas where innovations in atrial fibrillation are revolutionizing practice. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 8, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Acute chest pain: game changer or waste of resources?
Echocardiography, cardiac CT scan and cardiac MRI all offer promise for the assessment of patients with chest pain, but improved strategies for clinical risk assessment are needed to optimize selection of appropriate tests. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 8, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Interventricular Interactions in Congenital Heart Disease
Multimodality assessment of size, shape, deformation and function is key to understanding Interventricular interactions in Congenital Heart Disease. The joint session between the EACVI and ASE explored interventricular interactions across a wide range of Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) lesions, where disease in the right ventricle (RV) has a major impact on left ventricular (LV) function. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Congenital Heart Disease, Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 8, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Heart disease patients advised to avoid being outside in rush hour traffic
Experts recommend reducing air pollution exposure and decreasing use of fossil fuels: Obese people and those with diabetes may be at higher risk of the cardiovascular effects of pollution, while air pollutants may exacerbate and instigate the development of risk factors such as high blood pressure and impaired insulin sensitivity. Read the paper. Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 8, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

EACVI: Multimodality imaging is here and now!
EuroEcho-Imaging 2014 has proved a great cardiovascular imaging congress! Attendance has been exceptionally high, probably the highest ever obtained for this congress, demonstrating a growing interest among cardiologists in both echocardiography and multimodality imaging. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Innovations in interventional imaging define need for new guidance
The role of the cardiovascular (CV) imager has become increasingly central for the delivery of percutaneous procedures in cardiology, with the advent of new imaging tools and devices transforming the landscape and making it now necessary for the EACVI to revisit imaging recommendations. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

How the EACVI echo, CMR and nuclear cardiology and CT sections work together
In January 2014, the ESC integrated the working groups for Cardiac Magnetic Resonance, Nuclear Cardiology/ Cardiac Computed Tomography and the European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) into one unified multimodality structure called the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI). Here one year on the chairpersons of the different groups look back on their achievements and discuss plans for the future. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

What's happening with the EACVI Education and Certification Committees?
Alexandros Stefanidis, Chair of the EACVI Certification/ Accreditation Committee, General Hospital of Nikea, Athens, Greece, and Maurizio Galderisi, Federico II University Hospital of Naples, Italy, current EACVI Secretary and upcoming Chair of the EACVI Education Committee discuss their respective committees activities and success. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Scientific Document Committee grapples with need for CV imaging evidence-base
Over the past two years the EACVI Scientific Documents Committee has been extremely industrious producing 12 recommendation, position and expert consensus papers for publication in an effort to define the most appropriate use of different cardiovascular (CV) imaging technologies. The Scientific Documents Committee shares a common goal with the EACVI to ensure the best use of CV imaging diagnostic resources for a given individual, and prevent both over and under use of the different modalities. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR...
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Mediterranean diet linked to improved CV function in erectile dysfunction patients
Erectile dysfunction is not a symptom of ageing, it is a bad sign from the body that something is wrong with the vasculature. In 80% of cases erectile dysfunction is caused by vascular problems and is a warning that patients are at increased risk of a heart attack or stroke. The Mediterranean diet could help erectile dysfunction patients lower their risk of a heart attack. Topics: Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear, Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

How does hosting EuroEcho-Imaging influence imaging in your country?
How do you hope hosting the EuroEcho-Imaging meeting in Vienna will influence Austrian imaging?How did hosting the EuroEcho-Imaging meeting in Istanbul Vienna influence Turkish imaging? Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Stand and deliver: time to provide an evidence base for CV imaging
In the Edler lecture, delivered during the Inaugural session this afternoon, Gerald Maurer will make the argument that cardiovascular (CV) imaging has reached a state of maturity that makes it time for imagers to take stock of technology. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Defining ground rules for echocardiography in intensive and acute cardiovascular care
Echocardiograpy has become the primary imaging tool for patients with unstable cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the acute setting. In a new recommendations paper the EACVI have joined forces with the Acute Cardiovascular Care Association (ACCA), to outline the practical applications of echocardiography in acute clinical situations and consider the standards of training necessary to deliver the service. Topics: Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging), Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Fortifying EACVI unity
EuroEcho-Imaging, which places the emphasis firmly on multimodality imaging, has become the flagship of our association. Now the largest CV imaging meeting worldwide, EuroEcho-Imaging 2014 promises to be more successful than ever thanks to the dedication of members of the Scientific Programme Committee and local hosts. Placing this year’s spotlight on 3-D imaging and acute cardiac care underscores how close we have come to bringing these developments to the bedside. Topics: Non-invasive imaging: Echocardiography, MR/CT, Nuclear, Echocardiography (Non-invasive imaging) (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Implications of EMA’s Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee statement on ivabradine inclusion within ESC guidelines and ivabradine prescribing recommendations
As a result of new data from the SIGNIFY study (1), presented at ESC Congress 2014 and published simultaneously in the New England Journal of Medicine, the EMA’s Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC) has made recommendations aimed at reducing the risk of heart problems, including MI (heart attack) and bradycardia (slow heart rate) in patients prescribed ivabradine for angina. Topics: Clinical pharmacology (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - December 2, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Test your knowledge with the new sports cardiology quiz!
The Early Repolarisation pattern in athletes: Definitions and prognostic significance. Read the case Review the charts Answer the questions Take the quiz now!   Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management, Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - November 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

‘Utter neglect’ of rheumatic heart disease revealed by results from global study
REMEDY study seeks to put an end to rheumatic heart disease in our own lifetime through the application of preventive measures: For progress to be made in preventing and treating this serious condition, it is vital to prioritise improving the use of penicillin prophylaxis, improving the appropriate use of oral anticoagulation therapy with warfarin, and providing contraceptive and other reproductive health services to women affected by rheumatic heart disease. (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - November 24, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

ESC Webinar recording based on ESC Guidelines on Diabetes
Nicolas Danchin and Ramzi Ajjan explored the ESC Guidelines on Diabetes and answered this question: How to manage cardiovascular disease in the pre-diabetic and diabetic patients?the recording for FREE Topics: Diabetic heart disease (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - November 19, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Improving the preclinical assessment of novel cardioprotective therapies
Discover the position paper from the ESC Working Group Cellular Biology of the Heart: improving the preclinical assessment of novel cardioprotective therapies. Read more. (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - November 19, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Deadline extended - last day to submit your abstract to EuroPRevent 2015
Today is the last day to make your work count by submitting your abstract to EuroPRevent 2015. Don't miss out on this opportunity to put your work on the international stage in preventive cardiology. NEW deadline: 24 November, midnight (CET) Topics: Cardiovascular Nursing, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management, Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - November 17, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news