Counting Neurons with Dr. Suzana Herculano-Houzel (BS 133)
Suzana Herculano-Houzel  (photo by Joe Howell/Vanderbilt U) Click to Play Dr. Suzana Herculano-Houzel and her colleagues developed a pioneering technique that has made it possible to accurately count the number of neurons in brains of all sizes. This has led to some big surprises including the fact that the human brain contains an average of 86 billion neurons rather than 100 billion as had long been assumed. She describes this work in her wonderful book The Human Advantage: How Our Brains Became Remarkable and I really enjoyed interviewing her for Brain Science 133. While some neuroscienti...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - April 26, 2017 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Books Brain Anatomy Brain Research Glial Cells Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Interviews Source Type: podcasts

Honoring William Uttal's Contributions to Cognitive Neuroscience (BS 132)
William Uttal 1931-2017 (click to play)Dr. William Uttal, who died last month at the age of 86, had a very unusual career, going from physics and engineering to psychology and cognitive science. I think his unique background contributed to the refreshing skepticism that he brought to the growing use of imaging (especially fMRI) in the cognitive sciences.He was a prolific writer on the subject and back in 2012 I had the honor of talking with him about his bookMind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience. In addition to shedding light on the limitations of imaging (such as poor reproducibility), Dr. Uttal a...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - March 31, 2017 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: brain imaging Cognitive Science Interviews Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

What is Mind? (BS 131)
In part 2 of our look back at 10 years of Brain Science we consider the last 5 years from the perspective of What is Mind? This is a question that His Holiness the Dalai Llama asked several times during his historic visit to Alabama in November of 3014. (For highlights listen to BSP 113.)Brain Science was launched, as the Brain Science Podcast, in December 2006, making it one of the longest running shows among all genres. Our overriding goal has been to explore how recent discoveries in neuroscience are unraveling the mystery of how our brains make us human. BS 130 looked back at the first 5 years and this month BS 131 con...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - January 30, 2017 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Books Brain Evolution Consciousness Embodiment Neuroscience Philosophy of Mind Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Ten Year Anniversary Show, Part 1 - The Early Years
In this very special episode, we begin a two part celebration of the 10 year anniversary for Brain Science. The podcast began in December 2006, which makes it one of the longest running shows since the first podcasts were launched in 2004.Ten years is a lot of ground to cover, so for this episode we are only focusing on the early years from 2006 to 2011. Learn why the podcast began and get a peek into the format changes the show has had over the years. This episode contains something that you rarely see in the show - listener feedback! You'll get to hear what listeners think about the show, how they use the show to help th...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - December 21, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Christy Haussler Tags: Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Brain Science 10th Anniversary Preview
Original 2006 LogoThe first episode of theBrain Science Podcast (nowBrain Science) was released on December 5, 2006. I am preparing a very special 10th Anniversary episode and I have just posted a brief audio asking for listener feedback.You can contribute either email or audio feedback.My Audible.com pick forNovember is Permanent Present Tense: The Unforgettable Life of the Amnesic Patient, H. M.by Suzanne Corkin. (Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell)
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - November 20, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Neuropsychology and the Study of Memory - Dr. Brenda Milner (BS 129)
Neuroscience Pioneer, Dr. Brenda Milner (Click image to play episode) Dr. Brenda Milner, is a Canadian neuropsychologist who has contributed extensively to the research literature on various topics in the field of clinical neuropsychology, sometimes referred to as "the founder of neuropsychology". Milner is a professor in the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery at McGill University and a professor of Psychology at the Montreal Neurological Institute. She currently holds more than 20 honorary degrees and continues to work in her nineties. Her current work explores the interaction between th...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - October 5, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Brain Research Cognitive Science Interviews Memory Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Primary Consciousness and Experience with Jon Mallet (BSP 128)
Evolutionary Biologist, Jon Mallatt has always been interested in science, and early on became interested in vertebrates, and on a more granular level, the development of jaws in vertebrates. By understanding how insects, plants, and vertebrates are inter-related, we can better understand consciousness.The type of consciousness we are talking about today is Primary Consciousness (Basic Sensory Consciousness). The feeling of something that it’s like to be! Being aware of stimuli and objects in the environment but without any processing or judging of the stimuli. The hard problem comes into play with subjectivity. In h...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - September 1, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Source Type: podcasts

Primary Consciousness and Experience with Jon Mallatt (BSP 128)
Jon Mallatt (click picture to play interview) Evolutionary Biologist, Jon Mallatt has always been interested in science, and early on became interested in vertebrates, and on a more granular level, the development of jaws in vertebrates. By understanding how insects, plants, and vertebrates are inter-related, we can better understand consciousness.The type of consciousness we are talking about today is Primary Consciousness (Basic Sensory Consciousness). The feeling of something that it’s like to be! Being aware of stimuli and objects in the environment but without any processing or judging of the st...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - September 1, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Source Type: podcasts

Brain Science returns on September 1
Ginger Campbell, MD Brain Science (formerly the Brain Science Podcast) has been on hiatus since March. To celebrate its return on September 1st, I am posting a brief audio that contains information for both new listeners and longtime fans. Its about 10 minutes long.Topics covered include a brief history of the show and its goals, information about how to access the older episodes that are no longer in the FREE feed, how to get more out of the website, and options for supporting the show via Premium, Paypal or Patreon.I also include a sneak preview of next month's episode. (Source: the Brain Science Podcast...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - August 23, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Announcements Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Placebo Research Update with Fabrizio Benedetti (BSP 127)
I have just posted a new interview with Dr. Fabrizio Benedetti, one of the world's leading researchers of the neurobiology of placebos. Dr. Benedetti emphasized that there is no such thing as THE placebo effect, because there are multiple placebo EFFECTS with widely varying mechanisms. For example, in pain relief there are at least two different mechanisms: one involving endogenous opioids while the other involves endogenous cannaboids (marijuana-like compounds).We also talked about some his latest research into placebo effects in the context of high altitude headaches. Here again, multiple pathways have been discovered. W...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - March 1, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Interviews Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Andy Clark on Prediction, Action, and the Embodied Mind (BSP 126)
Andy Clark (Click image to play interview) The idea that our brains are prediction machines is not new, but in his latest book, Surfing Uncertainty: Prediction, Action, and the Embodied Mind, Andy Clark explores how this idea can be integrated with embodied cognition. The key idea is that while our brains are constantly predicting sensory input, this is intimately tied to action. Perception is active, not passive, and there is an ongoing loop between perception, attention and action. I explore these ideas with Dr. Clark in the latest episode of the Brain Science Podcast. Thanks to Dr. Clark these pote...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - January 28, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Cognitive Science Consciousness Interviews Mind and Body Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Philosophy of Mind Source Type: podcasts

9th Annual Review of Neuroscience (BSP 125)
I have just posted the 9th Annual Review episode of the Brain Science Podcast, which is now called Brain Science with Dr. Ginger Campbell. It has been a difficult  year for me because my husband died unexpectedly in July. This was only a few weeks after I completed my one-year fellowship in Palliative Medicine. I was also out of work for several months, but not in any mental state to produce new podcasts. Even so, I did release 10 episodes featuring 8 different books and guests that included philosophers, clinicians and basic scientists.I want to thank all the guests who appeared on the show in 2015 and also...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - December 23, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Brain Plasticity Cognitive Science Embodiment Interviews Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Neural Reuse and Embodied Cognition (BSP 124)
Michael Anderson: Click image to play interview The Embodied Cognition movement has challenged the standard cognitive science approach to understanding brain function, but philosopher turned neuroscientist Michael Anderson realized that while recognizing the importance of our embodied interaction with the world around us is essential, we also need to discover how the brain is actually organized. His new book After Phrenology: Neural Reuse and the Interactive Brain represents 10-15 years of research into these questions.  The title reflects two key ideas of the book: "After Phrenology" h...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - November 24, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Brain Research Cognitive Science Embodiment Language Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Phenomenology and Embodied Cognition (BSP 123)
Anthony Chemero (click photo to hear interview) Many researchers working in Embodied Cognitive Science (ECS) are unaware that the philosophical approach known as Phenomenology has made important contributions to their field. In their new book Phenomenology: An Introduction philosophers Stephan Käufer and Anthony Chemero make a convincing case, not just for the historical importance of phenomenology, but more importantly, for its ongoing contributions to cognitive science.In BSP 123 I talk with Anthony Chemero about phenomenology and its contributions to embodied cognitive science. We start with a brie...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - October 28, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Books and ideas Podcast Cognitive Science Embodiment Interviews Philosophy of Mind Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Neurobiology of Placebos (BSP 122)
Understanding the neurobiology of placebos could have a huge impact on the lives of both patients and physicians, but it remains a relatively under appreciated area of research. This month I am reposting the interview I conducted with Dr. Fabrizio Benedetti (University of Turin). Dr. Benedetti is the recognized leader in this field and his has published two highly readable books: The Patient's Brain: The neuroscience behind the doctor-patient relationship and Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease (now in its 2nd edition).First, it is critical to appreciate the difference between the ...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - September 29, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Books Brain Research Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Interviews Source Type: podcasts

Summer Announcements about Brain Science Podcast
Dennis Smith and Ginger Campbell (taken ~2000) Because of my husband's recent unexpected death, I will not be posting a new episode of the Brain Science Podcast until sometime next month. However, I have posted a brief audio announcement. This includes the content of Books and Ideas #58, which shares some memories of our life together. Right Click to download mp3 to play later.Announcements New logo for Brain Science with Ginger Campbell, MD Donations in honor of Dennis G Smith (1946-2015) are going to German Shepherd Rescue of Central Alabama.B...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - August 30, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

"How Do you Feel?" with Dr. Bud Craig
AD (Bud) Craig (click photo to play interview) Dr. AD (Bud) Craig has spent his career as a functional neuroanatomist tracing the path of the interoceptive (homeostatic) signals from both the skin and deep tissues to the insular cortex. After over 30 years in the field he has published a comprehensive description of his work called  How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self. In BSP 121 we talk about some of his key discoveries. Although the book is must-read for students and scientists, the goal of our discussion was to make this material accessible to listeners of ...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - July 28, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Limbic System Body maps Brain Anatomy Brain Research Consciousness Embodiment Emotion Interviews Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

More on CI Therapy with Ed Taub (BSP 120)
Ed Taub, PhD: Click image to play interview I have just posted the second half of my recent interview with Dr. Ed Taub the pioneer of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CI Therapy), which is a revolutionary approach to rehabilitation for stroke and other central nervous system injuries. In BSP 119 Dr. Taub explained the principles behind CI Therapy, which is probably the first rehab technique that explicitly harnesses brain plasticity. In BSP 120 we explore the crucial role of learned non-use (lose it or lose it) and how CI Therapy overcomes this obstacle to recovery.We also talked about how Dr. Taub and...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - July 2, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Brain Plasticity Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Interviews Source Type: podcasts

Dr. Ed Taub revolutionizes Stroke Rehab (BSP 119)
Ginger Campbell, Md and Edward Taub, Phd (click image to play audio) I first talked with with Dr. Edward Taub the inventor of Constraint Induced (CI) Movement Therapy back in early 2008 (BSP 28). CI Therapy is a revolutionary rehabilitation method based on the principles of brain plasticity. Evidence supporting its effectiveness has mounted since we last talked. Unfortunately, because it is so different from traditional physical therapy, it requires special training and it is still not covered by many major insurance companies. The Veteran's Administration recognizes it as the preferred treatment for Traum...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - May 25, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Brain Plasticity Interviews Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Stroke Rehabilitation Source Type: podcasts

Brain Anatomy Revealed (BSP 118)
Episode 118 of the Brain Science Podcast gives listeners a worldwind tour of neuroanatomy based on Beyond the Zonules of Zinn: A Fantastic Journey Through Your Brain (2008) by David Bainbridge. The book is a wonderful introduction to brain anatomy that makes this challenging topic accessible to people of all backgrounds. If you are new to neuroanatomy it will give you a new appreciation of how the brain's structure helps us understand how it works. More experienced readers/listeners will enjoy this well-organized review that puts brain anatomy into its evolutionary context. How to get this episode:FREE: audio m...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - April 29, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Books Brain Anatomy Brain Evolution Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

BSP 117: Michael Gazzaniga "Father"of Cognitive Neuroscience
Dr. Michael Gazzinga (click photo to listen to his interview) Pioneering neuroscientist Dr. Michael Gazzaniga has written many wonderful books that share neuroscience with a general audience. In his latest book Tales from Both Sides of the Brain: A Life in Neuroscience he looks back on his 50+ year career from a uniquely personally vantage point. He shares the people and collaborations that have enriched his life and when I interviewed him for BSP 117  he said “My pitch to the young person is that there is nothing on this planet that compares to the pleasures of scientific discove...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - March 22, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Books Brain Research Cognitive Science Interviews Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Psychology Source Type: podcasts

BSP 116: Norman Doidge on Brain Plasticity
This month psychiatrist Norman Doidge returns to the Brain Science Podcast to discuss his new book The Brain's Way of Healing: Remarkable Discoveries and Recoveries from the Frontiers, which is a follow-up to his best-seller The Brain That Changes Itself (BSP 26). In this interview Dr. Doidge and I focus on the underlying principles of brain plasticity and their clinical implications. Although brain plasticity is well-established in the research community it has not yet fully penetrated clinical medicine where old views, which seen the brain as largely fixed in adulthood, make it difficult for new approaches...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - February 23, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Source Type: podcasts

BSP 115: Eastern Philosophy and Western Neuroscience
Scientific interest in the Mind and Consciousness is relatively new, but both Western and Eastern Philosophy have a long tradition of exploring these topics. In his new book Waking, Dreaming, Being: Self and Consciousness in Neuroscience, Meditation, and Philosophy, Evan Thompson explores how these diverse traditions can inform and enrich one another.Thompson goes beyond a narrow view of consciousness, which focuses only on the waking state. Instead he considers how dreaming, lucid dreaming, and even near death experiences can advance our understanding of how our brain's generate both consciousness and our s...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - January 30, 2015 Category: Neurologists Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Consciousness Embodiment Interviews Meditation and the Brain Mind and Body Philosophy of Mind Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Brain Science Podcast Celebrates 8 Years of Neuroscience
Ginger CampbeLL, host of the Brain Science Podcast  (L>R: Greta, Rusty, & Jake) The first episode of the Brain Science Podcast appeared on December 5, 2006, which makes it one of the longest running shows in any genre, not just science or medicine. I am especially proud of the fact that we have reached listeners in 219 different countries. BSP 114 is our 8th annual review episode and as a part of our year-end celebration all previous annual review episodes have been added to the FREE feed that also includes our most recent 25 episodes.The goal of our annual review episode is to highlight some of...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - December 22, 2014 Category: Neurologists Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Addiction Brain Plasticity Consciousness Emotion Exercise and Play Mirror Neurons Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

"Neuroplasticity and Healing" (BSP 113)
Click to play BSP 113 The Dalai Lama's first visit to Alabama included several large public gatherings but I was invited to attend "Neuroplasticity and Healing," which was the scientific symposium he hosted at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). The featured neuroscientists were Dr. Edward Taub and Dr. Michael Merzenich. The moderator was Dr. Norman Doidge.The Dalai Lama has a long-standing interest in science and he told the rapt audience that his four areas of interest are cosmology, physics, neurobiology, and psychology.He is very interested in neuroplasticity and his visit to Alabam...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - December 1, 2014 Category: Neurologists Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Neuroscience Psychology Philosophy of Mind Reading and the Brain Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

The Dalai Lama explores Neuroplasticity (BSP 113)
The scientific highlight of the Dalai Lama's first visit to Alabama was an invitation-only event called "Neuroplasticity and Healing," which was held at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). BSP 113 features exclusive coverage of that event.Click here to play the audio. Right click to download the mp3 file. The episode transcript and full show notes will be posted next week. (Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell)
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - November 27, 2014 Category: Neurologists Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Aging and the Brain Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

What Do Mirror Neurons Really Do? (BSP 112)
Greg Hickok, PhD (Click on photo to hear his interview) Ever since their chance discovery back in 1992 mirror neurons have captured the imagination of both scientists and nonscientists, but their actual role remains mostly speculative. In The Myth of Mirror Neurons: The Real Neuroscience of Communication and Cognition Dr. Gregory Hickok (UC-Irvine) explains why the most popular theory is probably wrong. He also provides a fascinating account of how science is really done and the sobering lesson that scientists can fall prey to the same cognitive biases (and tendencies toward laziness) that plague all h...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - October 16, 2014 Category: Neurologists Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Books Language Neuroscience Podcast Show Notes Source Type: podcasts

Exercise Promotes Brain Plasticity (BSP 111)
John Ratey, MDClick picture to hear interview According to psychiatrist Dr. John Ratey the best way to improve brain plasticity is by exercise.  I spoke to him shortly after he published his best-seller Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain (2008). He commented that even compared to drugs "Exercise is the champ."Download BSP 111 Since then Dr. Ratey has been traveling the world promoting the value of exercise for people of all ages, but his main focus has been on young people and on trying to restore and invigorate physical education programs in the schools. In Spark...
Source: the Brain Science Podcast and Blog with Dr. Ginger Campbell - September 2, 2014 Category: Neurologists Authors: Ginger Campbell, MD Tags: Aging and the Brain Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Brain Evolution Brain Plasticity Brain Research Exercise and Play Neuroscience Neurotransmitters Podcast Show Notes Interviews Source Type: podcasts