Road traffic injuries in Namibia: health services, public health and the motor vehicle accident fund.
This study examines how the scheme operates from the perspective of seriously injured or permanently disabled beneficiaries. Using qualitative methods, we conducted semi-structured interviews with RTI survivors in Namibia, and healthcare workers involved in caring for them, in order to investigate the role played by the MVAF. While some wealthier drivers continue to buy private insurance, most Namibians now rely on the MVAF. The analysis show the MVAF is effectively helping to enhance access to rehabilitation and other health services for RTI survivors. There however exist some weaknesses in the system which can be address...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - February 12, 2021 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical profiling of crude fractions of Pechuel-Loeschea leubnitziae leaves
This study was conducted to determine the spectrum and total phytochemic... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - February 11, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Deriving fine-scale models of human mobility from aggregated origin-destination flow data
by Constanze Ciavarella, Neil M. Ferguson The spatial dynamics of epidemics are fundamentally affected by patterns of human mobility. Mobile phone call detail records (CDRs) are a rich source of mobility data, and allow semi-mechanistic models of movement to be parameterised even for resource poor settings. While the gravity model typical ly reproduces human movement reasonably well at the administrative level spatial scale, past studies suggest that parameter estimates vary with the level of spatial discretisation at which models are fitted. Given that privacy concerns usually preclude public release of very fine-scale m...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - February 11, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: Constanze Ciavarella Source Type: research

Fertility and pregnancy outcome among women undergoing assisted reproductive technology treatment in Windhoek, Namibia
ConclusionThe outcome of this study may not give a clear indication of the prevalence of infertility among women in the entire Namibian nation due to the costs involved with ART treatment offered mainly at privately owned hospitals and/or clinics, thereby resulting in those who cannot afford treatment to be left out despite being infertile. (Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics)
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - February 8, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Corn? When did I eat corn? Gastrointestinal transit time in health science students.
The objective of this study was to determine gastrointestinal transit time in first-year health science students with a laboratory practical exercise conducted in two cohorts (classes of 2018 and 2019) of first-year health sciences students at the Health Science Campus in Windhoek, Namibia. All first-year health science students undertaking the Physiology course were invited to take part in the laboratory exercise. The primary outcome was the measurement of gastrointestinal transit time from the amount of time taken for ingested whole-kernel sweetcorn to be eliminated, which was calculated as the time period between ingest...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - February 7, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Keendjele TPT, Eelu HH, Nashihanga TE, Rennie TW, Hunter CJ Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research

Root Nodule Rhizobia From Undomesticated Shrubs of the Dry Woodlands of Southern Africa Can Nodulate Angolan Teak Pterocarpus angolensis, an Important Source of Timber
Pterocarpus angolensis, a leguminous tree native to the dry woodlands of Southern Africa, provides valuable timber, but is threatened by land conversion and overharvesting while showing limited natural regeneration. Nitrogen-fixing root nodule symbionts that could improve establishment of young seedlings have not yet been described. Therefore, we investigated the ability of P. angolensis to form nodules with a diverse range of rhizobia. In drought-prone areas under climate change with higher temperatures, inoculants that are heat-tolerant and adapted to these conditions are likely to be of advantage. Sources of bacterial i...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - January 28, 2021 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Study design: policy landscape analysis for sugar-sweetened beverage taxation in seven sub-Saharan African countries.
This study design will provide insights to inform public health action to support sugar-sweetened beverage taxation in the region. PMID: 33475471 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - January 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Improving the benefits of HIV testing and referrals in large household surveys through active linkages to care: lessons and recommendations from the Namibia population-based HIV impact assessment (NAMPHIA), 2017
. (Source: AIDS Care)
Source: AIDS Care - January 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michael A. Grasso Ndapewa Hamunime Andrew D. Maher David Cockburn Dan B. Williams Negussie Taffa Steven Y. Hong Keisha Jackson Adam Wolkon Andrea Low Sally C. Stephens Source Type: research

Rapid assessment of the potential paucity and price increases for suggested medicines and protection equipment for COVID-19 across developing countries with a particular focus on Africa and the implications
Conclusion: Encouraging to see increases in utilisation of vitamins/ immune boosters and PPE. However, concerns with increased utilisation of antimicrobials needs addressing alongside misinformation, unintended consequences from the pandemic and any appreciable price rise. Community pharmacists and patient organisations can play key role in providing evidence-based advice, helping moderate prices through improved stock management, and helping address unintended consequences of the pandemic. (Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology)
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - January 14, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

HIGH STAKES: Teaching Medical Students to Recognise and Manage Common Emergencies in Namibia
(Source: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine - January 8, 2021 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

HIV Testing, Knowledge and Willingness to Use PrEP Among Partnered Men Who Have Sex With Men in South Africa and Namibia
AbstractThere is strong evidence that gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in African countries experience high prevalence of HIV. However, missing from the literature is an understanding of the HIV risk behaviors and prevention needs of partnered GBMSM in African countries. TheTogether Tomorrow project sampled 440 partnered GBMSM (220 couples) in South Africa and Namibia. Prevalence of HIV was high at 42%, with 33% of men in sero-discordant relationships. Despite high levels of HIV testing in the past 6 months (65%), condom use with main and outside sex partners was low. Men reported low levels of wil...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - January 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Maintaining ART services during COVID-19 border closures: lessons learned in Namibia
Publication date: January 2021Source: The Lancet HIV, Volume 8, Issue 1Author(s): Linea Hans, Steven Y Hong, Laimi S N Ashipala, Leonard Bikinesi, Ndapewa Hamunime, Jacques W N Kamangu, Eliphas J Hatutale, Eric J Dziuban (Source: The Lancet HIV)
Source: The Lancet HIV - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Application of the GARC Data Logger —a custom-developed data collection device—to capture and monitor mass dog vaccination campaigns in Namibia
by Rauna Athingo, Tenzin Tenzin, Andre Coetzer, Emmanuel H. Hikufe, Josephat Peter, Laina Hango, Tangeni Haimbodi, Johannes Lipinge, Frenada Haufiku, Matias Naunyango, Magano Kephas, Albertina Shilongo, Kenneth K. Shoombe, Siegfried Khaiseb, Moetapele Letshwenyo, Patricia Pozzetti, Lorenz Nake, Louis H. Nel, Conrad M. Freuling, Thomas M üller, Gregorio Torres Domestic dogs are responsible for 99% of all cases of human rabies and thus, mass dog vaccination has been demonstrated to be the most effective approach towards the elimination of dog-mediated human rabies. Namibia demonstrated the feasibility of this approach ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - December 28, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Rauna Athingo Source Type: research

An assessment of the adequacy of iron deficiency anaemia management in the Namibian private healthcare system.
CONCLUSION: The study concluded that medical practitioners follow different guidelines and reference documents when dealing with patients with suspected IDA. Adherence to a single reference document would enable standardization of clinical practice. Management of IDA in the Namibian private healthcare system could be improved. To ensure adequate IDA management and prompt resolution of iron deficiency anaemia, we recommended the need to review the Namibia Standard Treatment guidelines and to ensure that training on the guidelines is offered. PMID: 33342069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Jour...
Source: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology - December 20, 2020 Category: Hematology Authors: Gonzo M, Nendongo A, Ephraim Mugweni K Tags: Int J Lab Hematol Source Type: research

High-throughput profiling of antibiotic resistance genes in wastewater: comparison between a pond system in Namibia and an activated sludge treatment in Germany.
Authors: Agrawal S, Orschler L, Sinn J, Lackner S Abstract There are increasing concerns about wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) acting as hotspots for antibiotic resistance genes (ARG). However, their role largely depends upon the treatment methods and antibiotics in the wastewater. To better understand these influences, we compared the occurrence and fate of ARG between a pond system in a developing country (Namibia) and an advanced WWTP (activated sludge system) in a developed country (Germany). A targeted metagenomic approach was used to investigate the wide-spectrum profiles of ARGs and their co-occurrence p...
Source: Journal of Water and Health - December 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Water Health Source Type: research

Viruses, Vol. 12, Pages 1453: Genetic Diversity of Rift Valley Fever Strains Circulating in Namibia in 2010 and 2011
lci Federica Monaco Outbreaks of Rift Valley fever (RVF) occurred in Namibia in 2010 and 2011. Complete genome characterization was obtained from virus isolates collected during disease outbreaks in southern Namibia in 2010 and from wildlife in Etosha National Park in 2011, close to the area where RVF outbreaks occurred in domestic livestock. The virus strains were sequenced using Sanger sequencing (Namibia_2010) or next generation sequencing (Namibia_2011). A sequence-independent, single-primer amplification (SISPA) protocol was used in combination with the Illumina Next 500 sequencer. Phylogenetic analysis of the s...
Source: Viruses - December 16, 2020 Category: Virology Authors: Gian Mario Cosseddu Kudakwashe Magwedere Umberto Molini Chiara Pinoni Sigfried Khaiseb Massimo Scacchia Maurilia Marcacci Andrea Capobianco Dondona Fabrizia Valleriani Andrea Polci Federica Monaco Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

ǂŪsigu: A mixed-method lexical study of character description in Khoekhoegowab.
We report the results of a psycholexical study in Khoekhoegowab, the most widely spoken of southern Africa's (non-Bantu) click languages. It includes the largest sample of any lexical study conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa, is the first anywhere to include qualitative interviews to systematically assess the interpretability of terms, and is one of few to rely on a more representative community sample of adults rather than students. Refinement of the survey included frequency-of-use ratings by native speakers from throughout Namibia and input on relevance to personality by those with a psychology degree. The survey was admin...
Source: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology - November 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Thalmayer AG, Job S, Shino EN, Robinson SL, Saucier G Tags: J Pers Soc Psychol Source Type: research

Review on the status of goat production, marketing, challenges and opportunities in Namibia
AbstractThis paper presents the current status of goat production and marketing in Namibia and its challenges and opportunities. Livestock data and reports from the Directorate of Veterinary Services, Meat Board of Namibia and Namibia Statistics Agency were analysed to establish the current status in goat production and marketing. Namibia has 1.9  million goats of which 54% of the total number is found in the northern communal areas. In the commercial farming sector, Boer goat is the main established breed for meat production, while in northern communal areas, the local indigenous goats are common. Goats are reared un...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - November 23, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Geochemical assessment of groundwater in the Kuiseb River basin in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 19 November 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): Moses Kalola, Nnenesi Kgabi, Henry Mukendwa (Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC)
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - November 20, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

The Comparison of Teen Clubs vs. Standard Care on Treatment Outcomes for Adolescents on Antiretroviral Therapy in Windhoek, Namibia.
Authors: Munyayi FK, van Wyk BE Abstract Background: Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) are challenged to adhere to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and achieve and maintain virologic suppression. Group-based adherence support interventions, such as adherence clubs, have been shown to improve long-term adherence in ART patients. The teen club intervention was introduced in 2010 in Namibia to improve treatment outcomes for ALHIV by providing adherence support in a peer-group environment. Adolescents who have completed the full HIV disclosure process can voluntarily join the teen clubs. The current study compared treatm...
Source: AIDS Research and Treatment - November 14, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: AIDS Res Treat Source Type: research

Perceptions and experiences of nurse managers of the implementation of the baby and mother friendly initiative in Namibia: a qualitative study
The baby and mother friendly initiative is a breastfeeding programme in Namibia aimed to protect, promote and support breastfeeding. The purpose of this study was to describe nurse managers ’ perceptions and ex... (Source: International Breastfeeding Journal)
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal - November 10, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Justina N. Amadhila and Gisela H. Van Rensburg Tags: Research Source Type: research

Intimate Partner Violence among Male Couples in South Africa and Namibia
AbstractDespite the growing body of evidence demonstrating the high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among male couples and the unique antecedents to IPV that male couples may experience, research efforts have focused almost exclusively on North American populations. Missing from the literature is an understanding of the experience of IPV among male couples in African nations where social norms and legal restrictions around same-sex behavior may be more conservative. This paper presents data from an innovative study of male couples (Together Tomorrow) from two Southern African countries characterized by high p...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - November 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rapid Adaptation of HIV Treatment Programs in Response to COVID-19 - Namibia, 2020.
Abstract Namibia is an upper-middle income country in southern Africa, with a population of approximately 2.5 million (1). On March 13, 2020, the first two cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Namibia were identified among recently arrived international travelers. On March 17, Namibia's president declared a state of emergency, which introduced measures such as closing of all international borders, enactment of regional travel restrictions, closing of schools, suspension of gatherings, and implementation of physical distancing measures across the country. As of October 19, 2020, Namibia had reported 12,3...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - October 23, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hong SY, Ashipala LSN, Bikinesi L, Hamunime N, Kamangu JWN, Boylan A, Sithole E, Pietersen IC, Mutandi G, McLean C, Dziuban EJ Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Evaporation loss along the Calueque-Oshakati Canal in the Cuvelai-Etosha Basin (Northern Namibia): evidence from stable isotopes and hydrochemistry
. (Source: Isotopes in Environmental Health Studies)
Source: Isotopes in Environmental Health Studies - October 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Paul Koeniger Josefina Hamutoko Vincent E. A. Post Matthias Beyer Marcel Gaj Thomas Himmelsbach Heike Wanke Source Type: research

Creating clinical pharmacy capacity in Namibia: a collaboration to establish a post-graduate pharmacy degree programme
AbstractNamibia has previously relied on external training of pharmacists but began in-country training in 2011. In response to an identified need for postgraduate clinical pharmacy development and training in the country, a Master ’s degree was set up at the University of Namibia in 2016. The country has a considerable health burden of HIV and TB as well as a shortage of healthcare professionals. A UK clinical diploma model was adapted to meet the specific needs of the country and wider region, ensuring students could acces s the course over a sparsely populated, but large geographical spread, in addition to providi...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - October 15, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Rickettsia hoogstraalii and a Rickettsiella from the Bat Tick Argas transgariepinus, in Namibia.
We present scanning electron microscope images of unengorged larvae. As with other ectoparasites, this bat tick might transmit pathogens such as Borrelia and Rickettsia to their hosts as has been reported for bat ticks in Europe and North America. We screened 3 pools (25 total) of larvae of A. transgariepinus removed from the long-tailed serotine bat Eptesicus hottentotus caught in Namibia. Two microbes of unknown pathogenicity, including Rickettsia hoogstraalii, a spotted fever group pathogen, and a Rickettsiella sp. were detected by molecular techniques. PMID: 33079998 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Journal of Parasitology)
Source: The Journal of Parasitology - October 1, 2020 Category: Parasitology Authors: Reeves WK, Mans BJ, Durden LA, Miller MM, Gratton EM, Laverty TM Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research

Quality of clinical management of children diagnosed with malaria: A cross-sectional assessment in 9 sub-Saharan African countries between 2007 –2018
ConclusionsIn this study, we found that a majority of children diagnosed with malaria across the 9 surveyed sub-Saharan African countries did not receive recommended care. Clinical management is positively correlated with the stocking of essential commodities and is somewhat improved in more recent years, but important quality gaps remain in the countries studied. Continued reductions in malaria mortality will require a bigger push toward quality improvements in clinical care. (Source: PLoS Medicine)
Source: PLoS Medicine - September 13, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Jessica L. Cohen Source Type: research

High levels of HIV drug resistance among adults failing second-line antiretroviral therapy in Namibia
This study demonstrates high levels of NRTI and NNRTI resistance and moderate levels of PI resistance in people receiving PI/r-based second-line ART in Namibia. Findings underscore the need for objective and inexpensive measures of adherence to identify those in need of intensive adherence counselling, routine viral load monitoring to promptly detect virological failure, and HIVDR genotyping to optimize selection of third-line drugs in Namibia. (Source: Medicine)
Source: Medicine - September 11, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

HIV stigma, resilience and depressive symptoms among older adults living with HIV in rural Namibia.
This study focused on the association between HIV stigma, resilience, and depressive symptoms among 147 older adults from the Oshana and Ohangwena health facilities in rural Namibia. The study used the hierarchical multivariate regression analysis method to reveal that there was a positive association between HIV stigma (negative self-perceptions) and depression as well as a negative relationship between resilience and depression. In addition, being female and higher education were protective factors, and disclosure of HIV status was a risk factor to predict depressive symptoms among the target population. In order to redu...
Source: African Journal of AIDS Research - September 9, 2020 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J AIDS Res Source Type: research

Development of two rapid lateral flow test strips for detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus SAT 1 and SAT 3.
Abstract Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease that affects cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and over 70 species of wildlife. FMD continues to be a major economic concern for livestock productivity in many countries. FMDV has seven serotypes O, A, Asia 1, C, and Southern Africa Territories (SAT) 1, 2, and 3. Although SAT 1, and SAT 3 outbreaks are not as common as serotypes O, A, Asia 1, and SAT 2, outbreaks have also been reported. The recent outbreaks of SAT 1 occurred in Cameroon, Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Uganda, while most recent SAT 3 occurred in Namibia in 2019. The development of rapid a...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - September 4, 2020 Category: Virology Authors: Yang M, Mudabuka B, Dueck C, Xu W, Masisi K, Fana EM, Mpofu C, Nfon C Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research

Developing a contamination susceptibility index for the Goreangab Dam in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 3 September 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): Dèolfa Jose Moisès, Nnenesi Kgabi, Earl Lewis (Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC)
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - September 3, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Implementation and evaluation of a Project ECHO telementoring program for the Namibian HIV workforce
The Namibian Ministry of Health and Social Services (MoHSS) piloted the first HIV Project ECHO (Extension for Community Health Outcomes) in Africa at 10 clinical sites between 2015 and 2016. Goals of Project E... (Source: Human Resources for Health)
Source: Human Resources for Health - September 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Leonard Bikinesi, Gillian O ’Bryan, Clay Roscoe, Tadesse Mekonen, Naemi Shoopala, Assegid T. Mengistu, Souleymane Sawadogo, Simon Agolory, Gram Mutandi, Valerie Garises, Rituparna Pati, Laura Tison, Ledor Igboh, Carla Johnson, Evelyn M. Rodriguez, Tedd Tags: Research Source Type: research

Radiological safety of groundwater around a uranium mine in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): Manny Mathuthu, Vera Uushona, Vaino Indongo (Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC)
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - August 17, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

The allelopathic, adhesive, hydrophobic and toxic latex of Euphorbia species is the cause of fairy circles investigated at several locations in Namibia
In this multidisciplinary study we present soil chemical, phytochemical and GIS spatial patterning evidence that fairy circles studied in three separate locations of Namibia may be caused by Euphorbia species. (Source: BMC Ecology)
Source: BMC Ecology - August 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: J. J. Marion Meyer, Christiaan E. Schutte, Jan W. Hurter, Nicole S. Galt, Petunia Degashu, Greg Breetzke, Denis Baranenko and Nicole L. Meyer Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Maternal near-miss surveillance, Namibia.
Conclusion: Maternal near-miss surveillance is a useful intervention to identify within-country challenges, such as lack of access to caesarean section or hysterectomy. Knowledge of these challenges can be used by policy-makers and programme managers in the development of locally tailored targeted interventions to improve maternal outcome in their setting. PMID: 32773900 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Heemelaar S, Josef M, Diener Z, Chipeio M, Stekelenburg J, van den Akker T, Mackenzie S Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

'These Are the Medicines That "Make" Monsters': Thalidomide in Southern Africa, 1958-1962.
This article raises, however, questions about intended, explored, initiated or sometimes thwarted markets for thalidomide-containing preparations outside 'the West'. It does so by focusing on Southern African markets for thalidomide, particularly those in Angola, Mozambique, (now) Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa. We place differences in the drug's distribution channels in the context of the political economies of pharmaceuticals markets in the region in the decades after World War 2 and argue that colonial legacies and circuits of commerce can contribute to an understanding of why some regions 'escaped a thalidomide dis...
Source: Medical History - July 31, 2020 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Parle J, Wimmelbücker L Tags: Soc Hist Med Source Type: research

Environmental radioactivity of groundwater and sediments in the Kuiseb and Okavango-Omatako basins in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 28 July 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): Ananias Akweetelela, Nnenesi Kgabi, Munyaradzi Zivuku, Damas Mashauri (Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC)
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - July 29, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Where are the men in HIV testing and prevention in Namibia?
ConclusionImplementers should consider increasing positive HIV messaging and ensuring availability of a diversity of testing options including a “VIP” package of HIV services for young men in Namibia. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Tomato leaf curl Kunene virus: a novel tomato-infecting monopartite begomovirus from Namibia
AbstractThis is the first description of the complete genome sequence of a new monopartite begomovirus isolated from tomato with symptoms of tomato (yellow) leaf curl disease collected in northwestern Namibia, which we provisionally name “tomato leaf curl Kunene virus”. The DNA-A-like nucleotide sequence shares the highest nucleotide sequence identity (82.8%) with tobacco leaf curl Zimbabwe virus (ToLCZWV). Phylogenetic analysis confirmed its affiliation with Old World monopartite begomoviruses. The discovery of a new begomoviru s in a vegetable plant in Namibia highlights the importance of maintaining epidemio...
Source: Archives of Virology - July 10, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

A retrospective sero-epidemiological survey of bovine brucellosis on commercial and communal farming systems in Namibia from 2004 to 2018
AbstractCattle production is the major livestock production activity and the mainstay of Namibia ’s economy. Sustained beef exports are contingent on a sound sanitary environment where diseases such as brucellosis are under control. In this retrospective study, 49,718 bovine brucellosis testing results from 2004 to 2018 were analyzed to determine the proportion of sero-positive cattle and her ds, and the spatial distribution of positive reactors from commercial and communal areas. In total, 244 positive reactors were identified based on the Rose Bengal Test (RBT) and the Complement Fixation Test (CFT) in series, givi...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - June 22, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

First molecular characterization of avian paramyxovirus-1 (Newcastle disease virus) in Botswana
AbstractAvian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV-1), the causative agent of Newcastle disease (ND) in domestic and wild avian species, has recently been reported and characterized in five southern African countries (i.e. Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe). Since APMV-1s have never been characterized in Botswana, this study was undertaken to determine the genotype circulating in the country. Fourteen samples were collected from ND outbreaks in poultry in 2014, 2018 and 2019 and the complete fusion protein gene was sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all of the viruses from Botswana clustered in genotype V...
Source: Virus Genes - June 19, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Pyrolysis profiles of a traditional circular kiln in Austria and a drum kiln in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 9 June 2020Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied PyrolysisAuthor(s): J. Tintner, R. Fierlinger, H. Gerzabek, C. Pfeifer, E. Smidt (Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis)
Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis - June 10, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Carcass yields and physiochemical meat quality characteristics of Namibian gemsbok (Oryx gazella) as influenced by muscle, gender and age
Publication date: Available online 8 June 2020Source: Meat ScienceAuthor(s): Louwrens C. Hoffman, Diana L. van Schalkwyk, Magdalena Muller, Tersia Needham, Berndt J. van Rensburg, Kenneth W. McMillin (Source: Meat Science)
Source: Meat Science - June 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

An analysis of risk factors associated with road crash severities in Namibia.
Authors: Adanu EK, Riehle I, Odero K, Jones S Abstract Road crash is a leading cause of death and disabilities in Namibia and other developing countries. Based on recent trends, the World Health Organization indicated that progress to realize Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.6 - which calls for a 50% reduction in the number of road traffic deaths by 2020 - remains far from sufficient. To contribute to efforts in reducing road fatalities in Namibia, this study examined risk factors associated with the severity of crashes recorded in the country. Mixed logit modelling methodology was adopted to address the...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 7, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Age differentials in pregnancy-related deaths in selected African countries.
This study used nationally representative data from demographic and health surveys (DHS) in Namibia, Kenya and Sierra Leone. A direct sisterhood method was used to estimate pregnancy-related deaths based on 7 years of recollection. Findings of the study reveal that death during the antenatal period was the commonest time of death in mothers aged 15-19, while death during delivery and two months after delivery were the leading causes of death for mothers aged 20-24. Pregnancy-related deaths were more prevalent among women with no schooling or primary education than their counterparts with secondary and higher education.Impa...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 6, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Compliance to prescribing guidelines among public health care facilities in Namibia; findings and implications
Conclusion Whilst the findings were encouraging, ongoing concerns included limited prescribing of generic medicines and high use of antibiotics. A prescribing performance management system should be introduced to improve and monitor compliance to prescribing guidelines in public healthcare. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - May 25, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Production performance of sheep and goat breeds at a farm in a semi-arid region of Namibia
This study retrospectively investigated the effect of breed and season on the lambing/kidding dynamics, growth performance, neonatal viability, and weaning dynamics of sheep (Damara, Dorper, and Swakara) and goats (Boer goat and Kalahari Red) at a farm in the Khomas Region of Namibia between 2004 and 2015. Litter size was dependent on breed (X2(12,N = 3388) = 796,p 
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - May 24, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Few Losses to Follow-up in a Sub-Saharan African Cancer Cohort via Active Mobile Health Follow-upThe African Breast Cancer —Disparities in Outcomes Study
AbstractAccurate survival estimates are needed for guiding cancer control efforts in sub-Saharan Africa, but previous studies have been hampered by unknown biases due to excessive loss to follow-up (LTFU). In the African Breast Cancer —Disparities in Outcomes Study, a prospective breast cancer cohort study, we implemented active mobile health follow-up, telephoning each woman or her next-of-kin (NOK) trimonthly on her mobile phone to update information on her vital status. Dates of every contact with women/NOK were analyzed fro m diagnosis in 2014–2017 to the earliest of September 1, 2018, death, or 3 years pos...
Source: American Journal of Epidemiology - May 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Few Losses to Follow-Up in a Sub-Saharan African Cancer Cohort via Active mHealth Follow-Up: the Prospective ABC-DO Breast Cancer Cohort.
cCormack V Abstract Accurate survival estimates are needed to guide cancer control efforts in sub-Saharan Africa, but previous studies were hampered by unknown biases due to excessive losses-to-follow-up (LTFU). In the African Breast Cancer-Disparities in Outcomes prospective breast cancer cohort, we implemented active mHealth follow-up, phoning each woman, or her next-of-kin (NOK), trimonthly on her mobile phone to update her vital status. Dates of every contact with women/NOK were analysed from diagnosis in 2014-2017 to the earliest of 1st September 2018, death or 3-years post-diagnosis. The cumulative incidence...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 7, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Foerster M, Anele A, Adisa C, Galukande M, Parham G, Zietsman A, Oyamienlen CS, Iwuoha KC, Ezeigbo E, Bakengesa E, Kaggwa A, Naamala A, Nteziryayo A, Nakazibwe T, Pinder LF, Walubita E, Pontac J, Anderson BO, McKenzie F, Schüz J, Dos-Santos-Silva I, McCo Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Effectiveness of reactive focal mass drug administration and reactive focal vector control to reduce malaria transmission in the low malaria-endemic setting of Namibia: a cluster-randomised controlled, open-label, two-by-two factorial design trial
Publication date: 25 April–1 May 2020Source: The Lancet, Volume 395, Issue 10233Author(s): Michelle S Hsiang, Henry Ntuku, Kathryn W Roberts, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Brooke Whittemore, Munyaradzi Tambo, Patrick McCreesh, Oliver F Medzihradsky, Lisa M Prach, Griffith Siloka, Noel Siame, Cara Smith Gueye, Leah Schrubbe, Lindsey Wu, Valerie Scott, Sofonias Tessema, Bryan Greenhouse, Erica Erlank, Lizette L Koekemoer, Hugh J W Sturrock (Source: The Lancet)
Source: The Lancet - April 24, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research