Quality of clinical management of children diagnosed with malaria: A cross-sectional assessment in 9 sub-Saharan African countries between 2007 –2018
ConclusionsIn this study, we found that a majority of children diagnosed with malaria across the 9 surveyed sub-Saharan African countries did not receive recommended care. Clinical management is positively correlated with the stocking of essential commodities and is somewhat improved in more recent years, but important quality gaps remain in the countries studied. Continued reductions in malaria mortality will require a bigger push toward quality improvements in clinical care. (Source: PLoS Medicine)
Source: PLoS Medicine - September 14, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Jessica L. Cohen Source Type: research

High levels of HIV drug resistance among adults failing second-line antiretroviral therapy in Namibia
This study demonstrates high levels of NRTI and NNRTI resistance and moderate levels of PI resistance in people receiving PI/r-based second-line ART in Namibia. Findings underscore the need for objective and inexpensive measures of adherence to identify those in need of intensive adherence counselling, routine viral load monitoring to promptly detect virological failure, and HIVDR genotyping to optimize selection of third-line drugs in Namibia. (Source: Medicine)
Source: Medicine - September 11, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

HIV stigma, resilience and depressive symptoms among older adults living with HIV in rural Namibia.
This study focused on the association between HIV stigma, resilience, and depressive symptoms among 147 older adults from the Oshana and Ohangwena health facilities in rural Namibia. The study used the hierarchical multivariate regression analysis method to reveal that there was a positive association between HIV stigma (negative self-perceptions) and depression as well as a negative relationship between resilience and depression. In addition, being female and higher education were protective factors, and disclosure of HIV status was a risk factor to predict depressive symptoms among the target population. In order to redu...
Source: African Journal of AIDS Research - September 9, 2020 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J AIDS Res Source Type: research

Development of two rapid lateral flow test strips for detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus SAT 1 and SAT 3.
Abstract Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease that affects cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and over 70 species of wildlife. FMD continues to be a major economic concern for livestock productivity in many countries. FMDV has seven serotypes O, A, Asia 1, C, and Southern Africa Territories (SAT) 1, 2, and 3. Although SAT 1, and SAT 3 outbreaks are not as common as serotypes O, A, Asia 1, and SAT 2, outbreaks have also been reported. The recent outbreaks of SAT 1 occurred in Cameroon, Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Uganda, while most recent SAT 3 occurred in Namibia in 2019. The development of rapid a...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - September 5, 2020 Category: Virology Authors: Yang M, Mudabuka B, Dueck C, Xu W, Masisi K, Fana EM, Mpofu C, Nfon C Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research

Developing a contamination susceptibility index for the Goreangab Dam in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 3 September 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): Dèolfa Jose Moisès, Nnenesi Kgabi, Earl Lewis (Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC)
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - September 3, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Implementation and evaluation of a Project ECHO telementoring program for the Namibian HIV workforce
The Namibian Ministry of Health and Social Services (MoHSS) piloted the first HIV Project ECHO (Extension for Community Health Outcomes) in Africa at 10 clinical sites between 2015 and 2016. Goals of Project E... (Source: Human Resources for Health)
Source: Human Resources for Health - September 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Authors: Leonard Bikinesi, Gillian O ’Bryan, Clay Roscoe, Tadesse Mekonen, Naemi Shoopala, Assegid T. Mengistu, Souleymane Sawadogo, Simon Agolory, Gram Mutandi, Valerie Garises, Rituparna Pati, Laura Tison, Ledor Igboh, Carla Johnson, Evelyn M. Rodriguez, Tedd Tags: Research Source Type: research

Radiological safety of groundwater around a uranium mine in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): Manny Mathuthu, Vera Uushona, Vaino Indongo (Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC)
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - August 17, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

The allelopathic, adhesive, hydrophobic and toxic latex of Euphorbia species is the cause of fairy circles investigated at several locations in Namibia
In this multidisciplinary study we present soil chemical, phytochemical and GIS spatial patterning evidence that fairy circles studied in three separate locations of Namibia may be caused by Euphorbia species. (Source: BMC Ecology)
Source: BMC Ecology - August 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: J. J. Marion Meyer, Christiaan E. Schutte, Jan W. Hurter, Nicole S. Galt, Petunia Degashu, Greg Breetzke, Denis Baranenko and Nicole L. Meyer Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Maternal near-miss surveillance, Namibia.
Conclusion: Maternal near-miss surveillance is a useful intervention to identify within-country challenges, such as lack of access to caesarean section or hysterectomy. Knowledge of these challenges can be used by policy-makers and programme managers in the development of locally tailored targeted interventions to improve maternal outcome in their setting. PMID: 32773900 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Heemelaar S, Josef M, Diener Z, Chipeio M, Stekelenburg J, van den Akker T, Mackenzie S Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

'These Are the Medicines That "Make" Monsters': Thalidomide in Southern Africa, 1958-1962.
This article raises, however, questions about intended, explored, initiated or sometimes thwarted markets for thalidomide-containing preparations outside 'the West'. It does so by focusing on Southern African markets for thalidomide, particularly those in Angola, Mozambique, (now) Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa. We place differences in the drug's distribution channels in the context of the political economies of pharmaceuticals markets in the region in the decades after World War 2 and argue that colonial legacies and circuits of commerce can contribute to an understanding of why some regions 'escaped a thalidomide dis...
Source: Medical History - July 31, 2020 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Parle J, Wimmelbücker L Tags: Soc Hist Med Source Type: research

Environmental radioactivity of groundwater and sediments in the Kuiseb and Okavango-Omatako basins in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 28 July 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): Ananias Akweetelela, Nnenesi Kgabi, Munyaradzi Zivuku, Damas Mashauri (Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC)
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - July 29, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Where are the men in HIV testing and prevention in Namibia?
ConclusionImplementers should consider increasing positive HIV messaging and ensuring availability of a diversity of testing options including a “VIP” package of HIV services for young men in Namibia. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Tomato leaf curl Kunene virus: a novel tomato-infecting monopartite begomovirus from Namibia
AbstractThis is the first description of the complete genome sequence of a new monopartite begomovirus isolated from tomato with symptoms of tomato (yellow) leaf curl disease collected in northwestern Namibia, which we provisionally name “tomato leaf curl Kunene virus”. The DNA-A-like nucleotide sequence shares the highest nucleotide sequence identity (82.8%) with tobacco leaf curl Zimbabwe virus (ToLCZWV). Phylogenetic analysis confirmed its affiliation with Old World monopartite begomoviruses. The discovery of a new begomoviru s in a vegetable plant in Namibia highlights the importance of maintaining epidemio...
Source: Archives of Virology - July 10, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

A retrospective sero-epidemiological survey of bovine brucellosis on commercial and communal farming systems in Namibia from 2004 to 2018
AbstractCattle production is the major livestock production activity and the mainstay of Namibia ’s economy. Sustained beef exports are contingent on a sound sanitary environment where diseases such as brucellosis are under control. In this retrospective study, 49,718 bovine brucellosis testing results from 2004 to 2018 were analyzed to determine the proportion of sero-positive cattle and her ds, and the spatial distribution of positive reactors from commercial and communal areas. In total, 244 positive reactors were identified based on the Rose Bengal Test (RBT) and the Complement Fixation Test (CFT) in series, givi...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - June 23, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

First molecular characterization of avian paramyxovirus-1 (Newcastle disease virus) in Botswana
AbstractAvian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV-1), the causative agent of Newcastle disease (ND) in domestic and wild avian species, has recently been reported and characterized in five southern African countries (i.e. Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe). Since APMV-1s have never been characterized in Botswana, this study was undertaken to determine the genotype circulating in the country. Fourteen samples were collected from ND outbreaks in poultry in 2014, 2018 and 2019 and the complete fusion protein gene was sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all of the viruses from Botswana clustered in genotype V...
Source: Virus Genes - June 20, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Pyrolysis profiles of a traditional circular kiln in Austria and a drum kiln in Namibia
Publication date: Available online 9 June 2020Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied PyrolysisAuthor(s): J. Tintner, R. Fierlinger, H. Gerzabek, C. Pfeifer, E. Smidt (Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis)
Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis - June 10, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Carcass yields and physiochemical meat quality characteristics of Namibian gemsbok (Oryx gazella) as influenced by muscle, gender and age
Publication date: Available online 8 June 2020Source: Meat ScienceAuthor(s): Louwrens C. Hoffman, Diana L. van Schalkwyk, Magdalena Muller, Tersia Needham, Berndt J. van Rensburg, Kenneth W. McMillin (Source: Meat Science)
Source: Meat Science - June 10, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

An analysis of risk factors associated with road crash severities in Namibia.
Authors: Adanu EK, Riehle I, Odero K, Jones S Abstract Road crash is a leading cause of death and disabilities in Namibia and other developing countries. Based on recent trends, the World Health Organization indicated that progress to realize Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.6 - which calls for a 50% reduction in the number of road traffic deaths by 2020 - remains far from sufficient. To contribute to efforts in reducing road fatalities in Namibia, this study examined risk factors associated with the severity of crashes recorded in the country. Mixed logit modelling methodology was adopted to address the...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 7, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

Age differentials in pregnancy-related deaths in selected African countries.
This study used nationally representative data from demographic and health surveys (DHS) in Namibia, Kenya and Sierra Leone. A direct sisterhood method was used to estimate pregnancy-related deaths based on 7 years of recollection. Findings of the study reveal that death during the antenatal period was the commonest time of death in mothers aged 15-19, while death during delivery and two months after delivery were the leading causes of death for mothers aged 20-24. Pregnancy-related deaths were more prevalent among women with no schooling or primary education than their counterparts with secondary and higher education.Impa...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - June 6, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Compliance to prescribing guidelines among public health care facilities in Namibia; findings and implications
Conclusion Whilst the findings were encouraging, ongoing concerns included limited prescribing of generic medicines and high use of antibiotics. A prescribing performance management system should be introduced to improve and monitor compliance to prescribing guidelines in public healthcare. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - May 26, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Production performance of sheep and goat breeds at a farm in a semi-arid region of Namibia
This study retrospectively investigated the effect of breed and season on the lambing/kidding dynamics, growth performance, neonatal viability, and weaning dynamics of sheep (Damara, Dorper, and Swakara) and goats (Boer goat and Kalahari Red) at a farm in the Khomas Region of Namibia between 2004 and 2015. Litter size was dependent on breed (X2(12,N = 3388) = 796,p 
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - May 25, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Few Losses to Follow-Up in a Sub-Saharan African Cancer Cohort via Active mHealth Follow-Up: the Prospective ABC-DO Breast Cancer Cohort.
cCormack V Abstract Accurate survival estimates are needed to guide cancer control efforts in sub-Saharan Africa, but previous studies were hampered by unknown biases due to excessive losses-to-follow-up (LTFU). In the African Breast Cancer-Disparities in Outcomes prospective breast cancer cohort, we implemented active mHealth follow-up, phoning each woman, or her next-of-kin (NOK), trimonthly on her mobile phone to update her vital status. Dates of every contact with women/NOK were analysed from diagnosis in 2014-2017 to the earliest of 1st September 2018, death or 3-years post-diagnosis. The cumulative incidence...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - May 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Foerster M, Anele A, Adisa C, Galukande M, Parham G, Zietsman A, Oyamienlen CS, Iwuoha KC, Ezeigbo E, Bakengesa E, Kaggwa A, Naamala A, Nteziryayo A, Nakazibwe T, Pinder LF, Walubita E, Pontac J, Anderson BO, McKenzie F, Schüz J, Dos-Santos-Silva I, McCo Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Effectiveness of reactive focal mass drug administration and reactive focal vector control to reduce malaria transmission in the low malaria-endemic setting of Namibia: a cluster-randomised controlled, open-label, two-by-two factorial design trial
Publication date: 25 April–1 May 2020Source: The Lancet, Volume 395, Issue 10233Author(s): Michelle S Hsiang, Henry Ntuku, Kathryn W Roberts, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Brooke Whittemore, Munyaradzi Tambo, Patrick McCreesh, Oliver F Medzihradsky, Lisa M Prach, Griffith Siloka, Noel Siame, Cara Smith Gueye, Leah Schrubbe, Lindsey Wu, Valerie Scott, Sofonias Tessema, Bryan Greenhouse, Erica Erlank, Lizette L Koekemoer, Hugh J W Sturrock (Source: The Lancet)
Source: The Lancet - April 24, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Alignment of standard treatment guidelines with medicine use indicators in a limited ‐resource setting: findings and implications
AbstractBackgroundStandard treatment guidelines (STGs) are a critical public health tool for promoting rational use of medicines. No studies have evaluated alignment of STGs with medicine use indicators especially in low and ‐middle‐income countries (LMICs) with disproportionate burden of disease and irrational medicine use.ObjectiveTo determine the level of alignment of Namibia ’s STGs with WHO medicine use indicators.MethodsA descriptive policy analysis of alignment of Namibia ’s STGs and WHO medicine use indicators. Thirty‐two conditions/diseases prevalent and managed at primary healthcare level were i...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research - April 12, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Harriet Rachel Kagoya, Timothy William Rennie, Dan Kibuule, Honor é Kabwebwe Mitonga Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Changing food preferences among a former hunter-gatherer group in Namibia.
auml; A Abstract The purpose of this study was to identify, describe and conceptualize the present drivers of food choices and preferences of the Khwe San indigenous peoples by considering influences of their historical and cultural contexts. Data were collected in Eastern Bwabwata National Park in Namibia using a range of qualitative methods: semi-structured and structured interviews and free listing. The various drivers of food choices have been clustered into four levels of the ecological conceptual framework. Key factors, found to be driving participants' food choices, were the following: taste, hunger, health...
Source: Appetite - April 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Heim A, Pyhälä A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Fertility knowledge, contraceptive use and unintentional pregnancy in 29 African countries: a cross-sectional study
We examined the association between incorrect knowledge of ovulation and unintentional pregnancy and child among young women in sub-Saharan Africa countries.MethodsUsing Pearson ’s Chi-square,t test, multiple logistic regression, and likelihood ratio test, we analyzed Demographic and Health Survey data (2008 –2017) of 169,939 young women (15–24 year).ResultsThe range of prevalence of incorrect knowledge of ovulation was 51% in Comoros and 89.6% in Sao Tome and Principe, while unintentional pregnancy ranged between 9.4% in the Republic of Benin and 59.6% in Namibia. The multivariate result indicates a...
Source: International Journal of Public Health - April 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Screening everyday health information literacy among four populations
ConclusionThe tool may be useful to health information and library services workers when counselling or educating the public. (Source: Health Information and Libraries Journal)
Source: Health Information and Libraries Journal - April 3, 2020 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Noora Hirvonen, Heidi Enwald, Anne ‐Kathrin Mayer, Raija Korpelainen, Riitta Pyky, Tuire Salonurmi, Markku J. Savolainen, Cathrine Nengomasha, Ruth Abankwah, Wilhelm Uutoni, Raimo Niemelä, Maija‐Leena Huotari Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Exploring Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding the Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUD) among Family Planning Acceptors in Windhoek, Khomas Region, Namibia.
This study did not only establish limited awareness of the IUD among FP acceptors but also inadequate knowledge on IUD characteristics, benefits, common-side effects, which woman can use an IUD and associated myths. Therefore, this study recommends to Ministry of Health and Social Services and its partners to sensitize and educate family planning users on the IUD in order to increase demand and utilization. PMID: 32227742 [PubMed - in process] (Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health)
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - April 2, 2020 Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research

Notes from the Field: Nationwide Hepatitis E Outbreak Concentrated in Informal Settlements - Namibia, 2017-2020.
PMID: 32214080 [PubMed - in process] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - March 27, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Bustamante ND, Matyenyika SR, Miller LA, Goers M, Katjiuanjo P, Ndiitodino K, Ndevaetela EE, Kaura U, Nyarko KM, Kahuika-Crentsil L, Haufiku B, Handzel T, Teshale EH, Dziuban EJ, Nangombe BT, Hofmeister MG Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Characterization of volcanic structures associated to the silicic magmatism of the Paran á-Etendeka Province, in the Aparados da Serra region, southern Brazil.
Characterization of volcanic structures associated to the silicic magmatism of the Paraná-Etendeka Province, in the Aparados da Serra region, southern Brazil. An Acad Bras Cienc. 2020;92(2):e20180981 Authors: Benites S, Sommer CA, Lima EF, Savian JF, Haag MB, Moncinhatto TR, Trindade RIFD Abstract The Paraná-Etendeka Magmatic Province is associated with the distensive tectonics that caused the rupture of the Gondwana continent during the Lower Cretaceous and generated an intense volcanism that covers South America and the NW portion of Namibia in Africa. In Brazil, this volcanic sequence...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - March 20, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Benites S, Sommer CA, Lima EF, Savian JF, Haag MB, Moncinhatto TR, Trindade RIFD Tags: An Acad Bras Cienc Source Type: research

Determinants of geographical inequalities for DTP3 vaccine coverage in sub-Saharan Africa.
Abstract Childhood immunization is one of the most effective health interventions, making it a key indicator of progress towards universal health coverage. In the last decade, improvements in coverage have been made globally, however, slow progress has been documented in sub-Saharan Africa with considerable subnational variations. We explore potential drivers of equitable immunization services based on subnational DTP3 coverage estimates. Using vaccine coverage at the 5 by 5 km area from 2000 to 2016, we quantify inequality using three measures. We assess the shortfall inequality which is the average deviatio...
Source: Vaccine - March 20, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Ikilezi G, Augusto OJ, Sbarra A, Sherr K, Dieleman JL, Lim SS Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Modelling impact and cost-effectiveness of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis in 13 low-resource countries.
CONCLUSIONS: These modelling results can inform prioritization, target-setting and other decisions related to oral PrEP scale-up within combination prevention programmes. We caution against extensive use given limitations in cost data and implementation approaches. This analysis highlights some of the immediate challenges facing countries-for example, trade-offs between overall impact and cost-effectiveness-and emphasizes the need to improve data availability and risk assessment tools to help countries make informed decisions. PMID: 32112512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society)
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - March 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research

Immunomodulatory effects of some Namibian plants traditionally used for treating inflammatory diseases
ConclusionsThe data show that the extracts of A. naudinianus, G. fruticosus and C. decidua interfere with the function of immunocompetent cells, suggesting an anti-inflammatory mode-of-action, and can, therefore, be considered as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of inflammation-related diseases. However, further studies to investigate the active components responsible for these effects have to be done.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - February 21, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Towards person-centred quality care for children with life-limiting and life-threatening illness: Self-reported symptoms, concerns and priority outcomes from a multi-country qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: This study bridges an important knowledge gap regarding symptoms, concerns and outcomes that matter to children living with life-limiting conditions and their families and informs service development and evaluation. PMID: 32081084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Palliative Medicine)
Source: Palliative Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Namisango E, Bristowe K, Murtagh FE, Downing J, Powell RA, Abas M, Lohfeld L, Ali Z, Atieno M, Haufiku D, Guma S, Luyirika EB, Mwangi-Powell FN, Higginson IJ, Harding R Tags: Palliat Med Source Type: research

HIV transmission and source–sink dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Justin T Okano, Katie Sharp, Eugenio Valdano, Laurence Palk, Sally BlowerSummaryMultiple phylogenetic studies of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa have shown that mobility-driven transmission frequently occurs: many communities export and import strains. Mobility-driven transmission can result in source–sink dynamics: one community can sustain a micro-epidemic in another community in which transmission is too low to be self-sustaining. In epidemiology, the basic reproduction number (R0) is used to specify the sustainability threshold. R0 repr...
Source: The Lancet HIV - February 15, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Using lead isotope ratios to distinguish between samples of diffrent uranium mines
abstractIn this work, a total of twenty samples selected for investigation originate from South Africa and Namibia uranium mines. The aim of this study was to determine whether the lead ratios measured in particular samples could be used to attribute the uranium sample to the production or reprocessing plant. Measurements were carried out using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer PerkinElmer NexION 2000. The precision obtained for the208Pb/206Pb ratio, the207Pb/206Pb ratio and the204Pb/206Pb ratio values was considerably lower than 0.02% demonstrating the applicability of the technique for Pb isotope ratio stud...
Source: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1017: The Epidemiology of Skin Cancer and Public Health Strategies for Its Prevention in Southern Africa
Norval Skin cancer is a non-communicable disease that has been underexplored in Africa, including Southern Africa. Exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is an important, potentially modifiable risk factor for skin cancer. The countries which comprise Southern Africa are Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. They differ in population size and composition and experience different levels of solar UVR. Here, the epidemiology and prevalence of skin cancer in Southern African countries are outlined. Information is provided on skin cancer prevention campaigns in these countries, and evidence sought...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Caradee Y. Wright D. Jean du Preez Danielle A. Millar Mary Norval Tags: Article Source Type: research

The effects of Teen Clubs on retention in HIV care among adolescents in Windhoek, Namibia
Background: Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) are notably underserved by the national HIV programmes globally because of their unique needs. Of particular concern is limited access to and availability of adolescent-friendly antiretroviral therapy (ART) services, which contribute to poor retention in care in many sub-Saharan African countries. A Teen Club intervention was introduced in 2010 in Windhoek, Namibia, to improve retention in care among ALHIV through psychosocial support in a peer-group environment.Objectives: To compare the effects of the Teen Club intervention against standard care on retention in HIV care amo...
Source: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine - February 3, 2020 Category: African Health Authors: Farai K. Munyayi Source Type: research

Estimation of groundwater recharge in savannah aquifers along a precipitation gradient using chloride mass balance method and environmental isotopes, Namibia
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2020Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): S. Uugulu, H. W.eAbstractThe quantification of groundwater resources is essential especially in water scarce countries like Namibia. The chloride mass balance (CMB) method and isotopic composition were used in determining groundwater recharge along a precipitation gradient at three sites, namely: Tsumeb (600 mm/a precipitation); Waterberg (450 mm/a precipitation) and Kuzikus/Ebenhaezer (240 mm/a precipitation). Groundwater and rainwater were collected from year 2016–2017. Rainwater was collected monthly...
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - February 2, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Mixed-methods library evaluation integrating the patron, library, and external perspectives: The case of Namibia regional libraries
Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: Evaluation and Program PlanningAuthor(s): Moonjung Yim, Michelle Fellows, Chris CowardAbstractThe article presents a mixed-methods evaluation of regional libraries in Namibia, which incorporates three perspectives: the patron perspective (library users), the library perspective (library staff, management, and related officials), and the external perspective (including evaluators and monitoring data). Seven data collection methods were used: patron surveys, patron panel studies, focus group discussions, key informant and staff interviews, secondary data analysis, med...
Source: Evaluation and Program Planning - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Daily briefing: Why Namibia might be the next big thing in astronomy
Nature, Published online: 27 January 2020; doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00221-2The Namibian astronomy community has a bold plan to take advantage of the country's spectacularly dark, clear skies. Plus, machine-learning researchers talk ethics at NeurIPS and the China coronavirus latest. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - January 27, 2020 Category: Research Authors: Flora Graham Source Type: research

Cross-cultural variation in how much, but not whether, children overimitate
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Experimental Child PsychologyAuthor(s): Roman Stengelin, Robert Hepach, Daniel B.M. HaunAbstractChildren from Western industrialized populations tend to copy actions modeled by an adult with high fidelity even if these actions are functionally irrelevant. This so-called overimitation has been argued to be an important driver of cumulative cultural learning. However, cross-cultural and developmental evidence on overimitation is controversial, likely due to diverging task demands regarding children’s attention and memory capabilities. Here, children f...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - January 26, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Effect of TDF-containing regimens on creatinine clearance in HIV patients in Namibia with a baseline CrCl < 60ml/min; findings and implications
. (Source: Hospital Practice)
Source: Hospital Practice - January 21, 2020 Category: Hospital Management Authors: F. Kalemeera B. Godman A. Stergachis T. Rennie Source Type: research

Southern African Lesbian and Bisexual Women Responses to Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Infections.
Abstract Sexually transmitted infection (STI) in lesbian and bisexual women is a relatively unexplored topic, particularly for women from low- and middle-income countries. Despite perceptions that women who have sex with women (WSW) are at negligible risk of contracting STI, existing research demonstrates that WSW do become infected with STI. Given the opposition between assumptions of invulnerability and the observed risks, we explored how WSW would respond to symptoms of STI (i.e., wait until symptoms passed, see a medical doctor, and inform sexual partners). We used data collected as part of a collaboration bet...
Source: Archives of Sexual Behavior - January 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wikramanayake RM, Paschen-Wolff MM, Matebeni Z, Reddy V, Southey-Swartz I, Sandfort TGM Tags: Arch Sex Behav Source Type: research

Effect of TDF-containing regimens on creatinine clearance in HIV patients in Namibia with a baseline CrCl < 60ml/min; findings and implications
. (Source: Hospital Practice)
Source: Hospital Practice - January 14, 2020 Category: Hospital Management Authors: F. Kalemeera B. Godman A. Stergachis T. Rennie Source Type: research

Species-specific differences in Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum and Besnoitia besnoiti seroprevalence in Namibian wildlife
Knowledge about parasitic infections is crucial information for animal health, particularly of free-ranging species that might come into contact with livestock and humans. (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - January 8, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Anne Seltmann, Gereon Schares, Ortwin H. K. Aschenborn, Sonja K. Heinrich, Susanne Thalwitzer, Bettina Wachter and G ábor Á. Czirják Tags: Research Source Type: research

Lessons for blue degrowth from Namibia ’s emerging blue economy
This article argues that the uptake of the blue economy is shaped by multiple, and often conflicting, interests. The emergence of the agenda is not apolitical, nor has it been established in isolation from exogenous actors and interests. Subsequently, this article sugge sts that the critique of the emerging blue economy should be applied to discussions of a blue degrowth movement, to avoid transposing a new agenda over another. As demonstrated with reference to Namibia, contextual and historical issues need to be recognised by degrowth discussions, and their inhere nt and continued structural effects analysed. This is of p...
Source: Sustainability Science - December 23, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Phylogenomic structure of Bacillus anthracis isolates in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa revealed novel single nucleotide polymorphisms.
This study highlights the phylogenetic structure of NCP B. anthracis strains with distinctive SNP branches important for forensic tracing and novel SNP discovery purposes. The sequenced strains will serve as a means to further trace the dissemination of B. anthracis outbreaks in NCP, South Africa, and on the continent, as well as for forensic tracking on a global scale. PMID: 31866402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution)
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - December 19, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Lekota KE, Hassim A, Madoroba E, Hefer CA, van Heerden H Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research

Applicability of teeth examination as a tool for age estimation in a semi-arid cattle production environment in Namibia
AbstractRegression analysis was used to evaluate teeth examination as a tool for estimating age in beef and dairy cattle at Neudamm farm, Namibia, in 2018. There was a significant difference in age (months) between the overall mean actual age (M=60, SD=4.57) and the mean estimated age (M=57, SD=4.52 months) in beef cattle; t(74) = 3.61,p
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - December 18, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research