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Oral lichen sclerosus —a review of clinical presentation, treatment, and clinical outcomes
Conclusions More data and longer follow-up are required to determine the long-term clinical outcomes of oral LS. (Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology)
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - October 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Identification of two aromatic isomers between 3- and 4-hydroxy benzoic acid by their perturbation on the potential oscillations of a Belousov-Zhabotinsky system
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2017 Source:Arabian Journal of Chemistry Author(s): Waqar Uddin, Gang Hu, Xuanxuan Sun, Hui Zhang, Yegui Wang, Lin Hu A novel method for identification of two aromatic isomers of mono hydroxy benzoic acid (HBA) was reported by using their different perturbation effects on the potential oscillations of a Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) system. In such a system, a macrocyclic complex of Cu [CuL](ClO4)2 was used as catalyst in which ligand L is 5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene. To the BZ system, 3-hydroxy benzoic acid (3-HBA) could temporarily quen...
Source: Arabian Journal of Chemistry - October 17, 2017 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Application of HPLC to measure vanadium in environmental, biological and clinical matrices
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017 Source:Arabian Journal of Chemistry Author(s): Iman Boukhobza, Debbie C. Crans Vanadate and vanadium compounds exist in many environmental, biological and clinical matrices, and despite the need only limited progress has been made on the analysis of vanadium compounds. The vanadium coordination chemistry of different oxidation states is known, and the result of the characterization and speciation analysis depends on the subsequent chemistry and the methods of analysis. Many studies have used a range of methods for the characterization and determination of metal ions in a ...
Source: Arabian Journal of Chemistry - October 17, 2017 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

The effectiveness of ureteric metal stents in malignant ureteric obstructions: A systematic review
Conclusion The experiences with vascular MSs, such as the Wallstent™ (Boston Scientific/Microvasive, Natick, MA, USA), were related to high occlusion rates, due to endoluminal hyperplasia, and long-term disappointing patency. The use of covered MSs designed for the vascular system was also unfavourable. The Memokath 051™ (PNN Medical A/S, Kvistgaard, Denmark) had better patency rates, but also higher migration rates. The long-term results were acceptable and rendered the Memokath 051 as a viable option for the management of malignant ureteric obstruction. The Uventa™ (Taewoong Medical, Seoul, Korea) and A...
Source: Arab Journal of Urology - October 17, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Towards Effective Pain Management: Breaking the Barriers.
Authors: Al-Mahrezi A PMID: 29026465 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Influenza Research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Review.
Authors: Khan W, El Rifay AS, Malik M, Kayali G Abstract Given the importance of influenza infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), we conducted a comprehensive literature review to analyze the status of influenza research in the region from 2012. Influenza research has gained more momentum recently with the emergence of H5N1 and new virus strains. Research covering epidemiological, veterinary, and basic science aspects is growing. More sequences were being generated per year, not only for diagnostic purposes but also for research. We included gray literature publications in our search and found sever...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Chromogranin A as a Biochemical Marker for Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Single Center Experience at Royal Hospital, Oman.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum CgA is a sensitive and effective noninvasive laboratory test for the clinical detection and management of NETs. Awareness of the pitfalls of the tests in patients with non-NET conditions, particularly chronic diseases and use of certain drugs, is important to be considered during the interpretation of the CgA levels. PMID: 29026467 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Awareness and Knowledge of Ionizing Radiation Risks Between Prescribed and Self-Presenting Patients for Common Diagnostic Radiological Procedures in Bahrain.
Authors: Al-Mallah A, Vaithinathan AG, Al-Sehlawi M, Al-Mannai M Abstract OBJECTIVES: Between 20 to 50% of medical imaging examinations are considered inappropriate, and unnecessary ionizing radiation exposures may lead to cancer. We hypothesized that Bahraini patients who self-present for ionizing radiation procedures are not aware of, and lack the requisite knowledge of, the inherent risks associated with their use than patients prescribed for diagnostic purposes. We attempted to examine and compare the awareness and knowledge of the associated risks of ionizing radiation in common diagnostic radiological procedu...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy on Psychological Symptoms and Quality of Life in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients: 
A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: MBCT contributed to decreased psychological symptoms and improved QoL in patients with SLE with a stable effect on psychological symptoms and psychological components of QoL, but an unstable effect on physical components. PMID: 29026469 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Major Determinants of Maternal Near-Miss and Mortality at the Maternity Teaching Hospital, Erbil city, Iraq.
CONCLUSIONS: Severe preeclampsia and PPH are the main complications that lead to PLTCs. Factors found to be associated with MDs are hepatic dysfunction, multiple/unspecified disorders, arrival as an emergency condition by ambulance, and history of a previous cesarean section. PMID: 29026470 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Pertussis and Pertussis like Illness: Pediatric Experience in Oman.
Authors: Al Maani A, Al Qayoudhi A, Nazir HF, Omar H, Al Jardani A, Al Muharrmi Z, Wali Y Abstract OBJECTIVES: A resurgence of pertussis or whooping cough has been observed worldwide despite broad vaccination coverage. Pertussis like illness (PLI) refers to a clinical syndrome compatible with pertussis infection but lacking laboratory confirmation or an epidemiological link to a confirmed case. Our study aimed to estimate the contribution of Bordetella pertussis infection and identifying predictors of its diagnosis in a cohort of children with PLI. METHODS: Demographic and clinical information were retrospectiv...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Clinical Features and Antimicrobial Resistance of Bacterial Agents of Ventilator-Associated Tracheobronchitis in Hamedan, Iran.
This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical course, etiology, and antimicrobial resistance of bacterial agents of VAT in ICUs in Hamedan, Iran. METHODS: During a 12-month period, all patients with VAT in a medical and a surgical ICU were included. The criteria for the diagnosis of VAT were fever, mucus production, a positive culture of tracheal secretions, and the absence of lung infiltration. Clinical course, including changes in temperature and tracheal secretions, and outcomes were followed. The endotracheal aspirates were cultured on blood agar and chocolate agar, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of i...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Hepatitis C Genotypes in Libya: Correlation with Patients' Characteristics, Level of Viremia, and Degree of Liver Fibrosis.
Authors: Elzuoki AN, Elzouki I, Albarassi S, Gammo M, Burwaiss A Abstract OBJECTIVES: Our study sought to determine the distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-genotypes among patients attending two tertiary care hospitals in Benghazi and Tripoli, Libya, and correlate this with patient's characteristics, viral load, and degree of fibrosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 286 HCV-RNA positive Libyan patients referred from different health care facilities in east and west Libya for specific HCV treatment. HCV genotyping was carried out by gene amplification. Liver histology was graded by Metavir sc...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Using Growth Mixture Modeling for Clustering Asian and North African Countries on the Road Injury Death Trend (1990-2010).
CONCLUSIONS: Successful interventions that developed countries have used to avoid casualties of road injuries could be used in developing countries. These include passing laws making the use of seatbelts and child seats compulsory and determining appropriate speed limits. PMID: 29026474 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Human Parvovirus B19 in Children with Sickle Cell Disease; Poking the Spleen.
Authors: Saad AA, Beshlawi I, Al-Rawas AH, Zachariah M, Nazir HF, Wali Y Abstract Parvovirus is a known culprit of transient red cell aplasia (TRCA) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Few reports have previously described the association between the virus and acute splenic sequestration crisis (ASSC) in the same patient. Here, we are shedding light on such a potentially serious combination by reporting two cases of siblings with SCD complicated with concurrent ASSC and TRCA and presenting a review of the relevant literature. PMID: 29026475 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Tenofovir-induced Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis.
We report the first case of tenofovir-induced leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV). A 43-year-old obese woman, who was known to have inactive CHB, was diagnosed with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). She was treated with corticosteroid therapy and was put on tenofovir to prevent hepatitis B virus reactivation. A month later, she developed a skin rash, described as non-blanchable well-defined erythematous to violaceous papules and targetoid patches in her lower extremities. A skin biopsy showed features of LCV. The rash resolved completely within few days after replacing tenofovir with entecavir. PMID: 2902647...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Giant Submandibular Calculus Eroding Oral Cavity Mucosa.
Authors: Lim EH, Nadarajah S, Mohamad I Abstract Sialolithiasis is the formation of calculi or sialoliths in the salivary gland. It is the most common benign condition of the salivary gland. Sialolithiasis can occur in all salivary glands. The submandibular gland is most commonly affected followed by the parotid gland. Calculi commonly measure less than 10 mm. Calculi of more than 15 mm are termed giant salivary gland calculi and are infrequently reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of unusually large submandibular gland calculus of 5 cm in greatest dimension which caused erosion of the oral cavity. ...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Vaginal Reconstruction for Vaginal Obliteration Secondary to Stevens Johnson Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of Literature.
We present the case of a 33-year-old nulligravid woman with distal vaginal synechiae necessitating a surgical approach, which occurred after an episode of SJS. Also, we aimed to review the literature to reveal cases which required surgical management for long-term genital sequelae as well as discuss preventive measures. PMID: 29026478 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

It is Always Darkest Before Dawn.
Authors: Al Balushi M, Varghese AM, Al Azri F, Al Abri R PMID: 29026479 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Dhat Syndrome Among the Islamic Populations of India and Pakistan.
Authors: Uvais NA PMID: 29026480 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

The Impact of Lifestyle, Diet, and Psychological Stress on Female Fertility.
Authors: Vitale SG, La Rosa VL, Petrosino B, Rodolico A, Mineo L, Laganà AS PMID: 29026481 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Experience with MAD on children with epilepsy in Egypt after classic KD failure
Background and aimModified Atkins diet (MAD) is a less restrictive type of ketogenic diet (KD) as compared to the classic one. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of 9 months MAD treatment on the growth and seizure control in patients with intractable epilepsy as well as the quality of life (QoL) of their mothers. Subjects and MethodsThe study included 15 patients with intractable epilepsy who could not tolerate their classic KD management plan. From the 15 recruited cases, only seven patients completed this nine months prospective study. After neurological reassessment, the patients were prescribed MAD t...
Source: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica - October 16, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: O. F. El Rashidy, M. F. Nassar, Y. G. El Gendy, S. M. Deifalla, S. Gaballa Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Assessing the Ovarian Accessory Glands to Determine the Parity of Phlebotomus papatasi, Vector of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, under Laboratory Condition.
CONCLUSION: The accessory glands secretions could not be as an indicator for distinguishing parous from nulliparous of Ph. papatasi females. PMID: 29026863 [PubMed] (Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases)
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research

Evaluation of Correlation between the In Vitro Susceptibility of Field Isolates of Leishmania major and Clinical Outcomes of Meglumine Antimoniate Therapy in Fars Province, Iran.
CONCLUSION: The intracellular amastigote model could be an appropriate assay for evaluation of the in vivo drug sensitivity of field isolates. However, more comprehensive studies with larger sets of isolates are needed to confirm these preliminary data. PMID: 29026860 [PubMed] (Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases)
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research

Molecular Identification of Leishmania Species in a Re-Emerged Focus of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Varamin District, Iran.
CONCLUSION: Dominancy of L. major provides more evidence that Varamin District probably could be considered as Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ZCL) areas. More investigation on other epidemiological aspects of disease is needed. PMID: 29026859 [PubMed] (Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases)
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research

Chemical Constitute and Larvicidal Activity of Fractions of Ajuga chamaecistus tomentella Plant against Malaria Vector Anopheles stephensi.
CONCLUSION: The results suggested that the hexane fraction of Ajuga chamaecistus subsp tomentella could be used as a natural and biodegradable insecticide. PMID: 29026858 [PubMed] (Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases)
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research

Insecticide Susceptibility Status of Wild-Caught Sand Fly Populations Collected from Two Leishmaniasis Endemic Areas in Western Turkey.
CONCLUSION: The resistance against deltamethrin and permethrin was detected on sand fly population in Mugla Province where both insecticides have been applied for long time while no resistance was found in the insecticide free area, Aydin Province. These findings can be an indicator for showing the ability for developing the insecticide resistance in sand flies. Because of the presence and dominancy of vector sand fly species of Leishmania infantum (Phlebotomus neglectus, P. tobbi) in both study areas, the systematic monitoring for resistance of sand fly populations and more attention are needed by the authorities involved...
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research

Molecular Characterization and Phylogenetic Congruence of Hydropsyche sciligra (Tricoptera: Hydropsychidae) Using Mitochondrial and Nuclear Markers.
CONCLUSION: Phylogenies obtained from combination of D1-D3 showed the highest bootstrap values for most of clades suggesting that long LSU-rDNA potentially is more useful for understanding phylogenetic relationships of caddisflies. A large-scale molecular and zoogeographic study on trichopteran species is suggested to revise and to develop the current knowledge of the caddisfly fauna and distributions in the country. PMID: 29026853 [PubMed] (Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases)
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research

Wild Rodent Ectoparasites Collected from Northwestern Iran.
CONCLUSION: Nearly all rodent species were infested with Xenopsylla species. Monitoring of ectoparasites on infested rodents is very important for awareness and early warning towards control of arthropod-borne diseases. PMID: 29026851 [PubMed] (Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases)
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research

Development of an mHealth trauma registry in the Middle East using an implementation science framework.
CONCLUSIONS: The initial results show the promising potential of a user-friendly, comprehensive electronic TR through the use of mHealth tools. The pilot test in two hospitals indicates that the registry can be used to create a multicenter trauma database. PMID: 29027507 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - October 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Empowerment Program on Increasing Self-Esteem, Learned Resourcefulness, and Coping Ways in Women Exposed to Domestic Violence.
This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of empowerment program on increasing self-esteem, learned resourcefulness, and coping ways in women exposed to domestic violence. This experimental study was conducted between October 2012 and June 2014 in the obstetrics and gynaecology departments of the Giresun Maternity Hospital, and at the Family Counseling Center (FCC) in Turkey. Sixty women who agreed to participate in the study were randomly assigned into two groups. Data were collected by the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI), The Rosenbaum's Learned Resourcefulness Scale (RLRS), and the Ways of Coping Inve...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - October 16, 2017 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Pediatric falls from windows and balconies: incidents and risk factors as reported by newspapers in the United Arab Emirates
Falls of children from heights (balconies and windows) usually result in severe injuries and death. Details on child falls from heights in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are not easily accessible. Our aim was ... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - October 16, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Michal Grivna, Hanan M. Al-Marzouqi, Maryam R. Al-Ali, Nada N. Al-Saadi and Fikri M. Abu-Zidan Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Health Care Providers Two Years Following the Israeli Attacks Against Gaza Strip in August 2014: Another Call for Policy Intervention
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common, disabling disorder that appears after the exposure to a traumatic experience (Nemeroff et al., 2006). Post-traumatic stress leads to a pattern of symptoms that include a delayed response to an acute stressful and a life-threatening event or situation, such as combat exposure during war time (Lavoie, Talbot,& Mathieu, 2011). These symptoms may appear either during or immediately after the occurrence of the event, or several days later. The symptoms include initially intense fear, helplessness, or horror. (Source: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing)
Source: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing - October 16, 2017 Category: Nursing Authors: Nasser Ibrahim Abu-El-Noor, Yousef Ibrahim Aljeesh, Abdal-Karim Said Radwan, Mysoon Khalil Abu-El-Noor, Ibrahim Adel-Ilhady Qddura, Khalid Jamal Khadoura, Samer Khader Alnawajha Source Type: research

Factors affecting seeking health-related information through the internet among patients in Kuwait
Conclusion It is important to close the gap in health literacy and increase the use of health information technology to support patient self-management. The creation of an eHealth-literate population should be a priority in Kuwaiti public health policy. (Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine)
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - October 16, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Management of the lateral neck compartment in patients with sporadic medullary thyroid cancer
ConclusionPatients with MTC without lateral neck metastasis have similar biochemical cure rates with observation or elective dissection of lateral neck compartments. (Source: Head and Neck)
Source: Head and Neck - October 16, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Israel Pena, Gary L. Clayman, Elizabeth G. Grubbs, Jeffrey M. Bergeron, Steven G. Waguespack, Maria E. Cabanillas, Ramona Dadu, Mimi I. Hu, Bryan M. Fellman, Yisheng Li, Neil D. Gross, Stephen Y. Lai, Erich M. Sturgis, Mark E. Zafereo Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Sushi, cervice and gnathostomiasis - A case report and review of imported infections
We describe a case of imported cutaneous gnathostomiasis in a Thai patient living in France. Gnathostomiasis is a zoonosis of food origin. The disease is endemic in Southeast Asia and Latin America. However, over the past 30 years, an increasing number of imported cases has been described in Europe and America. The disease is rare in Western Europe and the majority of cases described had a cutaneous clinical presentation. The disease may sometimes be confused with allergy, leading to a delay in diagnosis. (Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease)
Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease - October 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jordan Leroy, Marjorie Cornu, Anne Sophie Deleplancque, S éverine Loridant, Emmanuel Dutoit, Boualem Sendid Source Type: research

A huge Morgagni hernia with compression of the right ventricle
Publication date: Available online 5 October 2017 Source:Journal of the Saudi Heart Association Author(s): Paolo Ciancarella, Fabio Fazzari, Valentina Montano, Marco Guglielmo, Gianluca Pontone A 21 year old male with no relevant medical history presented to our Institution for further assessments of a right paracardiac mass founded on a chest X-ray. Chest computed tomography revealed a wide median defect of the diaphragm at the level of xiphoid process of the sternum, with the herniation of omental fat tissue in the mediastinum. Cardiac magnetic resonance confirmed the presence of a huge hernia originating from the foram...
Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association - October 16, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Veno-arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation as a Bridge for Enable Surgery In a Patient Under Cardiogenic Shock Due to Acute Mitral Prosthesis Dysfunction
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017 Source:Journal of the Saudi Heart Association Author(s): María Elena Arnáiz-García, María José Dalmau-Sorlí, José María González-Santos, María Elena Pérez-Losada, José Alfonso Sastre-Rincón, Jesús Hernández-Hernández, Mª Carmen Vargas-Fajardo, Víctor Sagredo-Meneses, Javier López-Rodríguez, Ana María Arnáiz-García A 52-year-old male patient, who underwent mitral replacement with a mechanical prosthesis as a child, s...
Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association - October 16, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Sexual interest and sexual self-control in men with self-reported sexual interest in children – A first eye tracking study
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 96 Author(s): Kirsten Jordan, Peter Fromberger, Isabel Müller, Martina Wernicke, Georg Stolpmann, Jürgen L. Müller Sexual child abuse is one of the most destructive events for child development. One possible approach to avert it is the preventive treatment of individuals with a sexual interest in children. The aim of the current eye tracking study was to compare people with a self-reported sexual interest in children who participate in the outpatient preventive treatment project “PsM”, pedophilic forensic inpatients, a...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - October 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparison of the dietary fibre composition of old and modern durum wheat (Triticum turgidum spp. durum) genotypes
Publication date: 1 April 2018 Source:Food Chemistry, Volume 244 Author(s): Michele Andrea De Santis, Ondrej Kosik, Diana Passmore, Zina Flagella, Peter R. Shewry, Alison Lovegrove It has been suggested that intensive breeding has led to decreased contents of health-promoting components in modern wheats. We therefore compared the contents and compositions of the major dietary fibre components, arabinoxylan and β-glucan, in semolina and wholemeal flour of old and modern Italian durum wheats. No differences in total arabinoxylan content were observed but the modern varieties had higher proportions of soluble arabinoxyl...
Source: Food Chemistry - October 16, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Extraction, structure, and emulsifying properties of pectin from potato pulp
Publication date: 1 April 2018 Source:Food Chemistry, Volume 244 Author(s): Jin-Shu Yang, Tai-Hua Mu, Meng-Mei Ma Effects of HCl, H2SO4, HNO3, citric acid, and acetic acid on the yield, structure, and emulsifying properties of potato pectins were investigated. Results showed that the highest yield (14.34%) was obtained using citric acid, followed by HNO3 (9.83%), HCl (9.72%), H2SO4 (8.38%), and acetic acid (4.08%). The degrees of methylation (37.45%) and acetylation (15.38%), protein content (6.97%), and molecular weight (3.207 × 105 g/mol) were the highest for pectin extracted using acetic acid, and (galactos...
Source: Food Chemistry - October 16, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Function of the auxin-responsive gene TaSAUR75 under salt and drought stress
In this study, we identified a SAUR gene in wheat, TaSAUR75. Under salt stress, TaSAUR75 is downregulated in wheat roots. Subcellular localization revealed that TaSAUR75 was localized in both the cytoplasm and nucleus. Overexpression of TaSAUR75 increased drought and salt tolerance in Arabidopsis. Transgenic lines showed higher root length and survival rate and higher expression of some stress-responsive genes than control plants under salt and drought stress. Less H2O2 accumulated in transgenic lines than in control plants under drought stress. Our findings reveal a positive regulatory role of the auxin-responsive gene Ta...
Source: The Crop Journal - October 16, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Viruses, Vol. 9, Pages 299: Seed Transmission of Beet Curly Top Virus and Beet Curly Top Iran Virus in a Local Cultivar of Petunia in Iran
n Accotto Beet curly top virus (BCTV) and beet curly top Iran virus (BCTIV) are known as the causal agents of curly top disease in beet and several other dicotyledonous plants in Iran. These viruses are transmitted by Circulifer species, and until now, there has been no confirmed report of their seed transmission. A percentage (38.2–78.0%) of the seedlings developed from the seeds of a petunia local cultivar under insect-free conditions showed stunting, interveinal chlorosis, leaf curling, and vein swelling symptoms, and were infected by BCTV when tested by PCR. Presence of BCTV in seed extracts of petunia local ...
Source: Viruses - October 16, 2017 Category: Virology Authors: Ameneh Anabestani Seyed Behjatnia Keramat Izadpanah Saeid Tabein Gian Accotto Tags: Article Source Type: research

An ERF transcription factor from Tamarix hispida, ThCRF1, can adjust osmotic potential and reactive oxygen species scavenging capability to improve salt tolerance
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2017 Source:Plant Science Author(s): Liping Qin, Liuqiang Wang, Yong Guo, Yan Li, Halik Ümüt, Yucheng Wang Ethylene-Responsive Factors (ERFs) are plant-specific transcription factors (TFs) involved in multiple biological processes, especially in abiotic stress tolerance. However, the ERFs from woody halophytes that are involved in salt stress have been little studied. In the present investigation, we characterized a subfamily member of ERF TFs from Tamarix hispida, ThCRF1, which responds to salt stress. ThCRF1 is a nuclear protein that binds to the motifs including T...
Source: Plant Science - October 16, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Iron and vitamin D levels among autism spectrum disorders children
Conclusion: This study suggests that deficiency of iron and Vitamin D as well as anemia were more common in autistic compared to control children. (Source: Annals of African Medicine)
Source: Annals of African Medicine - October 16, 2017 Category: African Health Authors: Abdulbari Bener Azhar O Khattab Dinesh Bhugra Georg F Hoffmann Source Type: research

The Factorial Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Persian Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire (ERI)
Conclusion The Persian version of Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire has acceptable psychometric properties and can be used as a valid instrument in research on this topic. (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - October 16, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Scanning electron microscopy study of hair shaft changes related to hardness of water
Conclusions: Hard water may be associated with increased deposits on the hair shaft surface, however, this does not necessarily translate into evident structural surface changes, as evidenced by SEM. (Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology)
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology - October 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Lujain M Alahmmed Ebtehal A Alibrahim Abdullah F Alkhars Mohammed N Almulhim Sayed Ibrahim Ali Feroze Kaliyadan Source Type: research

Understanding the menstrual hygiene management challenges facing displaced girls and women: findings from qualitative assessments in Myanmar and Lebanon
There is a significant gap in empirical evidence on the menstrual hygiene management (MHM) challenges faced by adolescent girls and women in emergency contexts, and on appropriate humanitarian response approac... (Source: Conflict and Health)
Source: Conflict and Health - October 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Margaret L. Schmitt, David Clatworthy, Ruwan Ratnayake, Nicole Klaesener-Metzner, Elizabeth Roesch, Erin Wheeler and Marni Sommer Tags: Research Source Type: research

Isolation of Candida auris from 9 patients in Central America: Importance of accurate diagnosis and susceptibility testing
This report describes 9 patients from whom C. auris was isolated at a hospital in Panama City, Panama, the first such cases in Central America, and highlights the challenges of accurate identification and methods for susceptibility testing. (Source: Mycoses)
Source: Mycoses - October 16, 2017 Category: Research Authors: Ana Belen Ara úz, Diego H. Caceres, Erika Santiago, Paige Armstrong, Susan Arosemena, Carolina Ramos, Andres Espinosa‐Bode, Jovanna Borace, Lizbeth Hayer, Israel Cedeño, Brendan R. Jackson, Nestor Sosa, Elizabeth L. Berkow, Shawn R. Lockhart, Amalia R Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Monitoring and managing antibiotic resistance in refugee children.
Authors: Maltezou HC, Elhadad D, Glikman D Abstract INTRODUCTION: The past decade the Middle East and Southeastern Europe have witnessed an enormous movement of refugees due to the Syrian war and conflicts in Asia and Africa. Although carriage of and infections with multi-drug resistant (MDR) pathogens in refugees have been reported, pediatric data are scarce. Areas covered: MDR bacterial carriage and infections, and MDR-tuberculosis (TB) in refugee children from 2010. Expert commentary: High MDR carriage rates in refugee children are attributed to high pre-civil war MDR rates, war-damaged infrastructure and health...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - October 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research