A community-based exploratory cross-sectional study of elder abuse perpetration or victimization among elders in Ethiopia, 2022 - Wolde A, Wolancho W, Belay Y, Alemu A, Asefa A, Gebremedhin T.
BACKGROUND: Elderly abuse and comorbid problematic substance use, disability, and physical and mental illness have been major problems in low-income countries. In most countries, the elderly are the most neglected segment of the population, and there is in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Use of self-figure drawing as an assessment tool for child abuse: differentiating between sexual, physical, and emotional abuse - Jaroenkajornkij N, Lev-Wiesel R, Binson B.
Child abuse is a worldwide phenomenon with adverse short- and long-term mental and physical negative consequences, with a huge gap between the prevalence of child abuse and disclosure rates. The study aimed to examine and validate the self-figure drawing a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Understanding protective factors for suicidality and depression among U.S. sexual and gender minority adolescents: implications for school psychologists - Rivas-Koehl M, Valido A, Espelage DL, Robinson LE, Hong JS, Kuehl T, Mintz S, Wyman PA.
Sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth experience higher rates of adverse mental health outcomes, most notably suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). The current study examines risk and protective factors for STBs and depression among 1,078 youth in high ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The effects of screen time and social media on depressed feelings and suicidal thoughts among undergraduates - Evans J, Smith K, Wimmenauer H, Thompson S.
Beginning around 2011, there have been increases in mental health issues among teens and young adults. A possible reason for this rise has been the growth of social media through electronic communication; therefore, this study examined social media usage a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The impact of juvenile drug treatment courts on substance use, mental health, and recidivism: results from a multisite experimental evaluation - Belenko S, Dennis M, Hiller M, Mackin J, Cain C, Weiland D, Estrada B, Kagan R.
Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts (JDTC) emerged in the mid-1990s as a potential solution to concern about substance use among youth in the juvenile justice system (JJS). Despite substantial research, findings on the JDTC effectiveness for reducing recidivism... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Substance use trajectories among urban college students: associations with symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression before and during COVID-19 - Brandt L, Anthonipillai NJ, L ópez-Castro T, Melara R, Espinosa A.
This study explored substance use trajectories and associations with mental health among an ethnically/racially diverse college student sample before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. We combined repeated cross-sections and panel data from a total of 3,247... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Prediction of childhood maltreatment and subtypes with personalized functional connectome of large-scale brain networks - Zhang J, Zhao T, Zhang J, Zhang Z, Li H, Cheng B, Pang Y, Wu H, Wang J.
In this study, we aimed to establish the associations between functional connectome of large-scale brain net... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Associations among child abuse history, deployment-related traumatic events, mental disorders, and suicidal behaviors in Canadian Regular Force personnel - Taillieu TL, Sareen J, Afifi TO.
Increasing attention has been focused on suicidal behavior among military personnel. Exposure to deployment-related traumatic events (DRTEs) and child abuse (CA) both have been associated with mental disorders and suicidal behaviors among military personne... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Bullying victimization and mental health among migrant children in urban China: a moderated mediation model of school belonging and resilience - Nie W, Gao L, Cui K.
School bullying victimization among children is a significant public health issue that may negatively influence their mental health. However, few studies have been conducted on the bullying of migrant children in urban China. A positive psychological persp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Childhood maltreatment, traumatic experiences, and posttraumatic stress disorder in pathological skin picking: an online case-control study - Spitzer C, L übke L, Müller S, Lindstädt T, Gallinat C.
OBJECTIVE: Although traumatic stress including childhood maltreatment (CM) has a profound impact on mental health, its relation to pathological skin picking (PSP) has been understudied and results remain inconclusive. Likewise, posttraumatic stress disorde... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Do parental involvement and adult support matter for students' suicidal thoughts and behavior in high school? - Wang C, La Salle T, Wu C, Liu JL.
Support from parents and school staff are important for adolescent well-being. However, few studies have examined the role of parental involvement and adult social support at school on high school students' mental health, specifically, suicidal thoughts an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Effects of a social and emotional competence enhancement program for adolescents who bully: a quasi-experimental design - Song YM, Kim S.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop a social and emotional competence enhancement (SECE) program as an intervention for adolescents who bully, and to investigate its effects on school bullying behavior and mental health. METHODS: A... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Effects of cannabis use on the physiological and mental health of children and adolescents: review of recent research - Kaminer Y, Bonny-Noach H.
In recent years, various countries, including Israel, have begun to promote the policy of decriminalization, medicalization and even legalization of cannabis. This policy, aimed at adults, also affects the attitudes and behavior patterns of adolescents, wh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Homophily effect in trauma-informed classroom training for school personnel - Zickafoose A, Wingenbach G, Haddad S, Freeny J, Engels J.
A national shortage of youth mental health professionals necessitates training others (e.g., school staff) to help youth with behavioral and mental health issues. Professional training in trauma-informed classroom (TIC) practices could increase school staf... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Lack of belonging predicts depressive symptomatology in college students - Dutcher JM, Lederman J, Jain M, Price S, Kumar A, Villalba DK, Tumminia MJ, Doryab A, Creswell KG, Riskin E, Sefdigar Y, Seo W, Mankoff J, Cohen S, Dey A, Creswell JD.
Feeling a sense of belonging is a central human motivation that has consequences for mental health and well-being, yet surprisingly little research has examined how belonging shapes mental health among young adults. In three data sets from two universities... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news