A gap analysis of SDG 3 and MDG 4/5mortality health targets in the six Arabic countries of North Africa: Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and Mauritania.
CONCLUSIONS: Although mortality statistics may be incomplete there is an impressive gradient from East to West showing Mauritania and deadly road traffic injuries as the most problematic areas. Given the large differences between countries baselines, we consider it preferable to set realistic targets to be achieved until 2030. PMID: 31032713 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Libyan Journal of Medicine)
Source: Libyan Journal of Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Libyan J Med Source Type: research

Pharmacovigilance Systems in Arab Countries: Overview of 22 Arab Countries
AbstractPharmacovigilance has received much attention in Arab countries recently due to the development of new regulations. However, there are differences in the progression of pharmacovigilance systems by regulatory agencies in these countries because only some are able to meet the requirements for conducting pharmacovigilance activities. Only 45% of Arab countries are official members of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre for International Drug Monitoring. Countries such as Morocco, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Jordan are considered to be advanced pharmacovigilance countries, whereas other coun...
Source: Drug Safety - April 20, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Reduction of hospitalizations with diarrhea among children aged 0-5  years in Nouakchott, Mauritania, following the introduction of rotavirus vaccine.
We described admissions of children aged 0-5 years by diagnosis, data of admission, age and sex, and compared the proportion of all childhood hospitalizations with diarrhea before and after rotavirus vaccine introduction. RESULTS: In total, 6552 (19%) of all 34,329 hospitalizations in 0-5 year-olds had diarrhea. Of these, 3523/16,952 (20.7%) were recorded during the pre-vaccine period, 1373/6897 (19.9%) during the transition period (November 2014-October 2015), and 1656/10,480 (15.8%) during the post-vaccination period. The proportion of all childhood hospitalizations with diarrhea during the pre-vaccine period wa...
Source: Vaccine - February 11, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Ahmed MC, Heukelbach J, Weddih A, Filali-Maltouf A, Sidatt M, Makhalla K, Dahdi S, Cheikh Ahmed AC, El-Mami MV, Tate JE, Parashar UD, Benhafid M Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Perceptions of palliative care in a lower middle-income Muslim country: A qualitative study of health care professionals, bereaved families and communities.
CONCLUSION:: The palliative care ethos is viewed positively by the majority of participants. The need to understand and respect a Muslim individual's faith does not diminish our obligation to personalise palliative care provided for them and their family. PMID: 30554550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Palliative Medicine)
Source: Palliative Medicine - December 17, 2018 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Fearon D, Kane H, Aliou N, Sall A Tags: Palliat Med Source Type: research

Environmental Drivers of Free-Living vs. Particle-Attached Bacterial Community Composition in the Mauritania Upwelling System
Jennifer Bachmann, Tabea Heimbach, Christiane Hassenr ück, Germán A. Kopprio, Morten Hvitfeldt Iversen, Hans Peter Grossart, Astrid Gärdes (Source: Frontiers in Microbiology)
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Risk-Benefit and Cost-Effectiveness of Universal Iron Interventions for Public Health Control of Anemia in Young Children in 78 Countries: A Microsimulation Study
Almost 300 million children worldwide are anemic. Universal distribution of iron interventions (iron supplements or iron-containing multiple micronutrient powders, MNPs) to young children (e.g.
Source: Blood - November 21, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Pasricha, S.-R., Gheorghe, A., Ashour, F., Arcot, A., Murray-Kolb, L. E., Suchdev, P., Bode, M. Tags: 903. Outcomes Research-Non-Malignant Hematology: Poster I Source Type: research

Assessment of drug resistance associated genetic diversity in Mauritanian isolates of Plasmodium vivax reveals limited polymorphism
Plasmodium vivax is the predominant malaria species in northern Mauritania. Molecular data on P. vivax isolates circulating in West Africa are scarce. The present study analysed molecular markers associated with ... (Source: Malaria Journal)
Source: Malaria Journal - November 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jemila Mint Deida, Yacoub Ould Khalef, Emal Mint Semane, Mohamed Salem Ould Ahmedou Salem, Herv é Bogreau, Leonardo Basco, Ali Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary and Rachida Tahar Tags: Research Source Type: research

A novel missense mutation of GJA8 causes congenital cataract in a large Mauritanian family.
CONCLUSION:: A new mutation (c.166A>C) in GJA8 underlying a nuclear congenital cataract was identified in this study. Its segregation with the phenotype might be useful as a predicting marker of the disease. PMID: 30373400 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: European Journal of Ophthalmology - October 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Hadrami M, Bonnet C, Veten F, Zeitz C, Condroyer C, Wang P, Biya M, Sidi Ahmed MA, Zhang Q, Cheikh S, Audo I, Petit C, Houmeida A Tags: Eur J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Challenge of hepatitis C in Egypt and hepatitis B in Mauritania.
Authors: Raad II, Chaftari AM, Torres HA, Ayoub EM, Narouz LI, Bartek J, Hachem R Abstract Egypt has one of the highest prevalence rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the world, mostly with genotype 4 that is highly associated with severe fibrosis. As a consequence, hepatocellular carcinoma has become the leading cause of cancer in this country. Mauritania is a highly endemic area for hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV and HCV could both be iatrogenically transmitted through infected blood products, infected needles, and medical equipment improperly sterilized. Adequate and efficient healthcare and public health measures...
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - October 14, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis and implications of microphthalmia and anophthalmia with a review of current ultrasound guidelines: two case reports
ConclusionsWe recommend that antenatal ultrasound guidelines are updated to specify use of a curvilinear transducer (2 –9 MHz) to image both orbits in the axial and coronal planes, aided by use of a transvaginal probe when the transabdominal approach is inadequate to generate these images. When applicable, three-dimensional reverse-face imaging should be obtained to aid the diagnosis. The presence, absence, or no n-visualization of lenses and hyaloid arteries should be documented in reports and these cases referred for a tertiary-level ultrasound scan and fetal medicine review. Imaging of the orbits should occur...
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - August 29, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Correction to: Community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to schistosomiasis and associated healthcare-seeking behaviours in northern C ôte d’Ivoire and southern Mauritania
After publication of this article [1] it came to our attention that Tables  2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 were presented incorrectly. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - August 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The choice of Arab-Islamic education in sub-Saharan Africa: Findings from a comparative study
Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Educational Development, Volume 62Author(s): Rohen d’Aiglepierre, Arthur BauerAbstractWhile it is a central issue for most sub-Saharan African countries, quantification and qualification of the Arab-Islamic education choice appear particularly poorly documented. After an inventory of representative data, we rely on household surveys from 9 countries (Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritania, Gambia, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Chad, Somalia and Comoros) with data on formal Arab-Islamic education and non-formal Arab-Islamic education. Arab-Islamic educa...
Source: International Journal of Educational Development - July 11, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Candidoses vulvo-vaginales chez les femmes enceintes au centre hospitalier Mère et Enfant de Nouakchott (Mauritanie)
ConclusionCette étude montre que la candidose vulvo-vaginale est fréquente chez les femmes enceintes suivies en gynécologie au niveau du centre hospitalier Mère et Enfant de Nouakchott.AbstractAimTo determine the prevalence and the associated risk factors of vulvovaginal candidiasis in pregnant women in Mauritania.Patients and methodThe study was carried out at the laboratory of the Mère et Enfant Center in Nouakchott, from November 1, 2016 to February 5, 2017. It concerned all pregnant women in the third trimester that came to the natal consultation at the gynecology service. These women...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - July 11, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to schistosomiasis and associated healthcare-seeking behaviours in northern C ôte d’Ivoire and southern Mauritania
ConclusionsThis study revealed that knowledge about the aetiology, transmission, symptoms, prevention and treatment of schistosomiasis among the populations in Korhogo and Ka édi is based on their local culture. Deep-rooted habits could therefore pose a significant obstacle to the elimination of schistosomiasis. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - July 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Candidoses vulvo-vaginales chez les femmes enceintes au centre hospitalier Mère et Enfant de Nouakchott (Mauritanie)
ConclusionCette étude montre que la candidose vulvo-vaginale est fréquente chez les femmes enceintes suivies en gynécologie au niveau du centre hospitalier Mère et Enfant de Nouakchott.AbstractAimTo determine the prevalence and the associated risk factors of vulvovaginal candidiasis in pregnant women in Mauritania.Patients and methodThe study was carried out at the laboratory of the Mère et Enfant Center in Nouakchott, from November 1, 2016 to February 5, 2017. It concerned all pregnant women in the third trimester that came to the natal consultation at the gynecology service. These women...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - July 6, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

The choice of Arab-Islamic education in sub-Saharan Africa: Findings from a comparative study
Publication date: September 2018Source: International Journal of Educational Development, Volume 62Author(s): Rohen d’Aiglepierre, Arthur BauerAbstractWhile it is a central issue for most sub-Saharan African countries, quantification and qualification of the Arab-Islamic education choice appear particularly poorly documented. After an inventory of representative data, we rely on household surveys from 9 countries (Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritania, Gambia, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Chad, Somalia and Comoros) with data on formal Arab-Islamic education and non-formal Arab-Islamic education. Arab-Islamic educa...
Source: International Journal of Educational Development - July 5, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Pyrethroid resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis in Nouakchott, Mauritania
Mauritania is one of the African countries with ongoing malaria transmission where data on insecticide resistance of local malaria vectors are limited despite an increasing use of long-lasting insecticide-trea... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - June 13, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Aichetou Mint Mohamed Lemine, Mohamed Aly Ould Lemrabott, El Hadji Amadou Niang, Leonardo K. Basco, Herv é Bogreau, Ousmane Faye and Ali Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary Tags: Research Source Type: research

Development and validation of four one-step real-time RT-LAMP assays for specific detection of each dengue virus serotype
Conclusions/SignificanceWe have shown a novel approach to design LAMP primers that makes use of fast growing sequence databases. The DENV1 and DENV2 assays were validated with viral RNA extracted clinical samples, showing very good performance parameters. (Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases)
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - May 29, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Benjamin Lopez-Jimena Source Type: research

Distribution of Plasmodium spp. infection in asymptomatic carriers in perennial and low seasonal malaria transmission settings in West Africa
ConclusionsOur  findings show a low prevalence of clinical malaria episodes with a significant proportion of asymptomatic carriers in both urban areas. National policies for malaria infections are focused on treatment of symptomatic cases. Malaria control strategies should be designed for monitoring and managing malaria infections in asymptomatic carriers. Additional measures, including indoor residual spraying, effective use of long-lasting insecticidal nets is strongly needed to reduce the number ofPlasmodium spp. infections in Korhogo and Kaedi. (Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty)
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - April 25, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Seasonal abundance, blood meal sources and insecticide susceptibility in major anopheline malaria vectors from southern Mauritania
Malaria is endemic in the southernmost Sahelian zone of Mauritania where the major known mosquito vector is Anopheles arabiensis. Understanding seasonal population dynamics, feeding preferences and insecticide re... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - April 10, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Mohamed Aly Ould Lemrabott, Mohamed Salem Ould Ahmedou Salem, Khyarhoum Ould Brahim, Cecile Brengues, Marie Rossignol, Herv é Bogreau, Leonardo Basco, Driss Belghyti, Frédéric Simard and Ali Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary Tags: Research Source Type: research

Dynamics of cholera epidemics from Benin to Mauritania
Conclusions/SignificanceThis study provides the first cohesive vision of the dynamics of cholera epidemics in a major portion of West Africa. This epidemiological overview shows that from 2009 to 2015, at least 54% of reported cases concerned populations living in the three urban areas of Accra, Freetown, and Conakry. These findings may serve as a guide to better target cholera prevention and control efforts in the identified cholera hotspots in West Africa. (Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases)
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - April 9, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Sandra Moore Source Type: research

Competition or cooperation in transboundary fish stocks management: Insight from a dynamical model
Publication date: 14 June 2018 Source:Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 447 Author(s): Trong Hieu Nguyen, Timothée Brochier, Pierre Auger, Viet Duoc Trinh, Patrice Brehmer An idealized system of a shared fish stock associated with different exclusive economic zones (EEZ) is modelled. Parameters were estimated for the case of the small pelagic fisheries shared between Southern Morocco, Mauritania and the Senegambia. Two models of fishing effort distribution were explored. The first one considers independent national fisheries in each EEZ, with a cost per unit of fishing effort that depends on local fishery poli...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - March 22, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Hb Moscva [ β24(B6)Gly→Asp (GGT > GAT), HBB: c.74G > A]: An Unstable Hemoglobin Newly Detected as a De Novo Mutation in a Mauritanian Patient
Volume 42, Issue 1, January 2018, Page 7-10 . (Source: Hemoglobin)
Source: Hemoglobin - March 22, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Sidi M. Ghaber Nawel Trabelsi Mohamed L. Salem Faten Haddad Aminetou Abba Imen Darragi Salem Abbes Source Type: research

Candidoses vulvo-vaginales chez les femmes enceintes au centre hospitalier M ère et Enfant de Nouakchott (Mauritanie)
Conclusion Cette étude montre que la candidose vulvo-vaginale est fréquente chez les femmes enceintes suivies en gynécologie au niveau du centre hospitalier Mère et Enfant de Nouakchott. Aim To determine the prevalence and the associated risk factors of vulvovaginal candidiasis in pregnant women in Mauritania. Patients and method The study was carried out at the laboratory of the Mère et Enfant Center in Nouakchott, from November 1, 2016 to February 5, 2017. It concerned all pregnant women in the third trimester that came to the natal consultation at the gynecology service. These women mu...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - March 14, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Generalized tetanus in adults without antitetanus booster vaccination in southern Mauritania
Key Clinical Message Tetanus has become rare in countries with high levels of vaccination coverage and hygiene but may still occur in adults without booster vaccination. In addition to the expanded program on immunization for children and maternal immunization against neonatal tetanus, a systematic vaccination of the population, including boosters, is recommended. Tetanus has become rare in countries with high levels of vaccination coverage and hygiene but may still occur in adults without booster vaccination. In addition to the expanded program on immunization for children and maternal immunization against neonatal tetan...
Source: Clinical Case Reports - March 9, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Boushab Mohamed Boushab, Fatim ‐Zahra Fall‐Malick, Mamoudou Savadogo, Leonardo K. Basco Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Generalized tetanus in adults without antitetanus booster vaccination in southern Mauritania
Clinical Case Reports,Volume 6, Issue 5, Page 835-838, May 2018. (Source: Clinical Case Reports)
Source: Clinical Case Reports - March 9, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Boushab Mohamed Boushab , Fatim ‐Zahra Fall‐Malick , Mamoudou Savadogo , Leonardo K. Basco Source Type: research

The choice of Arab-Islamic education in sub-Saharan Africa: Findings from a comparative study
Publication date: September 2018 Source:International Journal of Educational Development, Volume 62 Author(s): Rohen d’Aiglepierre, Arthur Bauer While it is a central issue for most sub-Saharan African countries, quantification and qualification of the Arab-Islamic education choice appear particularly poorly documented. After an inventory of representative data, we rely on household surveys from 9 countries (Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritania, Gambia, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Chad, Somalia and Comoros) with data on formal Arab-Islamic education and non-formal Arab-Islamic education. Arab-Islamic education ...
Source: International Journal of Educational Development - March 4, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A novel double-antigen sandwich ELISA for the species-independent detection of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus-specific antibodies
Publication date: Available online 9 January 2018 Source:Antiviral Research Author(s): Miriam A. Sas, Loic Comtet, Fabien Donnet, Marc Mertens, Zati Vatansever, Noel Tordo, Philippe Pourquier, Martin H. Groschup Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne disease in humans caused by the CCHF virus (CCHFV). The detection of anti-CCHFV antibodies in animals is used to reveal infection risk areas. Therefore a simple, quick and reliable multispecies assay for the detection of CCHFV-specific antibodies is needed. This work presents the development and validation of a novel CCHF double-antigen ELISA for the detection...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - January 10, 2018 Category: Virology Source Type: research

A novel double-antigen sandwich ELISA for the species-independent detection of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus-specific antibodies.
Abstract Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne disease in humans caused by the CCHF virus (CCHFV). The detection of anti-CCHFV antibodies in animals is used to reveal infection risk areas. Therefore a simple, quick and reliable multispecies assay for the detection of CCHFV-specific antibodies is needed. This work presents the development and validation of a novel CCHF double-antigen ELISA for the detection of anti-CCHFV nucleoprotein antibodies. The test requires 30 μl of serum, and results are obtained within 90 min. As the ELISA is based on recombinant N-protein of the IbAr10200 vir...
Source: Antiviral Research - January 9, 2018 Category: Virology Authors: Sas MA, Comtet L, Donnet F, Mertens M, Vatansever Z, Tordo N, Pourquier P, Groschup MH Tags: Antiviral Res Source Type: research

HLA class I (-A, -B, -C) and class II (-DR, -DQ) polymorphism in the Mauritanian population
HLA antigens have been widely studied for their role in transplantation biology, human diseases and population diversity. The aim of this study was to provide the first profile of HLA class I and class II alle... (Source: BMC Medical Genetics)
Source: BMC Medical Genetics - January 3, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Cheikh Tijani Hamed, Ghlana Meiloud, Fatimetou Veten, Mouna Hadrami, Sidi M. Ghaber, Ely C. Boussaty, Norddine Habti and Ahmed Houmeida Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Phenolic chemistry of the seagrass Zostera noltei Hornem. Part 1: First evidence of three infraspecific flavonoid chemotypes in three distinctive geographical regions
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Phytochemistry, Volume 146 Author(s): Micheline Grignon-Dubois, Bernadette Rezzonico The flavonoid content of Zostera noltei leaves was investigated over a broad spatial scale using chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques (HPLC-DAD, LC/MS and NMR). Samples were collected at fifteen localities covering Mediterranean Sea and NE Atlantic coast, and representative of three types of coastal ecosystems: mesotidal bays, coastal lagoons, and open-sea. Three geographically distinct flavonoid chemotypes were identified on the basis of their respective major compound. One is characterized ...
Source: Phytochemistry - December 23, 2017 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

[Study of prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in the cats of Nouakchott].
Authors: Ould Ahmed Salem CB, Mamadou DF, Hafid J Abstract The aim of the work was to evaluate the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii oocyst shedding on a sample of 100 cats in five districts of Nouakchott, Mauritania. The faecal flotation method revealed that 23% ± 0.08 of cats which underwent the test excreted oocysts and the prevalence was influenced by age and sex. Excretion rates were significantly higher in neighborhoods of Basra (27.8 ± 0.2), Elmina (25 ± 0.13) and Netegue (20 ± 0.35). The average parasite number was less than 5 oocysts/5 g faeces. Hence, the results suggest that cat...
Source: Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique - October 22, 2017 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: Bull Soc Pathol Exot Source Type: research

Mucocutaneous manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ‐infected patients in Nouakchott, Mauritania
Abstract BackgroundMucocutaneous manifestations are one of the first clinical signs in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). To the best of our knowledge, there has been no previous study describing dermatologic manifestations in Mauritanians infected with HIV. The aim of the present study was to determine the profiles of mucocutaneous manifestations in relation to CD4 T cell count in HIV‐positive Mauritanian patients. MethodsA total of 86 adult patients aged> 18 years old attending the Ambulatory Treatment Center of the National Hospital of Nouakchott, Mauritania, with newly diagnosed HIV and who...
Source: International Journal of Dermatology - September 27, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Boushab M. Boushab, Fatim ‐Zahra Malick Fall, Taleb K. Ould Cheikh Mohamed Vadel, Mohamed L. Ould Cheikh Melaïnine, Mohamed V. Maazouz, Mamoudou Savadogo, Leonardo K. Basco Tags: Tropical Medicine Rounds Source Type: research

Heterogenity of Echinococcus canadensis genotype 6 − the main causative agent of cystic echinococcosis in Birjand, Eastern Iran
In this study, G6 was the most common Echinococcus genotype. Genetic homogeneity of east, southeast and central Iranian G6 and its low genetic diversity may be due limited mobility and contact between humans and camels from other regions because of large, inhospitable deserts. (Source: Veterinary Parasitology)
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - September 1, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Plastic and other microfibers in sediments, macroinvertebrates and shorebirds from three intertidal wetlands of southern Europe and west Africa.
anadeiro JP Abstract Microplastics are widespread in aquatic environments and can be ingested by a wide range of organisms. They can also be transferred along food webs. Estuaries and other tidal wetlands may be particularly prone to this type of pollution due to their particular hydrological characteristics and sewage input, but few studies have compared wetlands with different anthropogenic pressure. Furthermore, there is no information on microplastic transfer to secondary intertidal consumers such as shorebirds. We analysed intertidal sediments, macroinvertebrates and shorebirds, from three important wetlands ...
Source: Environmental Pollution - August 7, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lourenço PM, Serra-Gonçalves C, Ferreira JL, Catry T, Granadeiro JP Tags: Environ Pollut Source Type: research

Prevalence and seasonal transmission of Schistosoma haematobium infection among school-aged children in Kaedi town, southern Mauritania
This study aimed to assess the influence of rainfall seasonality... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - July 26, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: N ’Guessan G C Gbalégba, Kigbafori D Silué, Ousmane Ba, Hampâté Ba, Nathan T Y Tian-Bi, Grégoire Y Yapi, Aboudramane Kaba, Brama Koné, Jürg Utzinger and Benjamin G Koudou Tags: Research Source Type: research

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus-Specific Antibody Detection in Cattle in Mauritania
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases)
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - June 12, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Forms of Stigma and Discrimination in the Daily Lives of HIV-Positive Individuals in Mauritania.
CONCLUSION: The forms of stigma can be sources of discrimination and are a major obstacle to reintegration and support of PLWHA. This creates a vicious circle that, on the one hand, leads to the suffering, marginalization, and isolation of PLWHA, and on the other hand, has deleterious effects on their family and social relationships, self-esteem and self-confidence. PMID: 28567172 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Open AIDS Journal)
Source: Open AIDS Journal - June 2, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Open AIDS J Source Type: research

Prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the Arab world: impact of GDP and energy consumption.
CONCLUSIONS: In the Arab world, the countries with the highest prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus are: Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain and UAE, whilst the countries with the lowest prevalence are Mauritania and Somalia. This prevalence was significantly associated with high GDP per capita and energy consumption. Arab states must incorporate diabetes preventive policies on a war-footing basis to minimize the burden of the disease. PMID: 28387897 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - April 8, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

Characterization of Plasmodium falciparum genes associated with drug resistance in Hodh Elgharbi, a malaria hotspot near Malian –Mauritanian border
The objectives were to estimate the prevalence of genetic polymorphisms associated wit... (Source: Malaria Journal)
Source: Malaria Journal - April 5, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mohamed Salem Ould Ahmedou Salem, Khadijetou Mint Lekweiry, Houssem Bouchiba, Aurelie Pascual, Bruno Pradines, Ali Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary, S ébastien Briolant, Leonardo K. Basco and Hervé Bogreau Source Type: research

Retrospective review of Surgical Availability and Readiness in 8 African countries
Conclusions There are important gaps in the surgical services in the 8 African countries surveyed. Efforts are therefore urgently needed to address deficiencies in the availability and readiness to deliver surgical services in these nations, and this will require commitment from multiple stakeholders. SARA may be used to monitor availability and readiness at regular intervals, which will enable stakeholders to evaluate progress and identify gaps and areas for improvement. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - March 6, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Spiegel, D. A., Droti, B., Relan, P., Hobson, S., Cherian, M. N., O'Neill, K. Tags: Open access, Global health, Surgery Research Source Type: research

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in urban Bo, Sierra Leone, and in the 16 countries of the West Africa region
ConclusionsIt is important for hospitals and clinics across West Africa to increase their ability to diagnose, monitor, and treat type 2 diabetes in urban and rural areas. (Source: Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews - March 1, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Abu James Sundufu, Cecil N. Bockarie, Kathryn H. Jacobsen Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

[Evaluation of malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test Optimal-IT ® pLDH along the Plasmodium falciparum distribution limit in Mauritania].
[Evaluation of malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test Optimal-IT® pLDH along the Plasmodium falciparum distribution limit in Mauritania]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2016 Dec 29;: Authors: Ba H, Ahouidi AD, Duffy CW, Deh YB, Diedhiou C, Tandia A, Diallo MY, Assefa S, Lô BB, Elkory MB, Conway DJ Abstract Performance of the malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) OptiMal-IT® was evaluated in Mauritania where malaria is low and dependent on a short transmission season. Slide microscopy was considered as the reference method of diagnosis. Febrile patients with suspected malaria were recruited from six health fa...
Source: Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique - January 1, 2017 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: Bull Soc Pathol Exot Source Type: research

Use of FTA( ®) card methodology for sampling and molecular characterization of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato in Africa.
Use of FTA(®) card methodology for sampling and molecular characterization of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato in Africa. Exp Parasitol. 2016 Dec 22;: Authors: Boué F, El Berbri I, Hormaz V, Boucher JM, El Mamy AB, Traore A, Fihri OF, Petavy AF, Dakkak A, Umhang G Abstract Cystic echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus widely distributed in Africa. Monitoring of this parasite requires access to cyst samples on intermediate hosts observed at the slaughterhouse. In order to facilitate sampling in the field and analysis, the French National Referen...
Source: Experimental Parasitology - December 22, 2016 Category: Parasitology Authors: Boué F, El Berbri I, Hormaz V, Boucher JM, El Mamy AB, Traore A, Fihri OF, Petavy AF, Dakkak A, Umhang G Tags: Exp Parasitol Source Type: research

Evaluation of asthma control among children in the Maghreb and sub-SaharIan Africa
Conclusion: Asthma control remains unsatisfactory in our countries. The level of asthma control impacts directly the life quality of the children. (Source: European Respiratory Journal)
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 8, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Iraqi, B., Mahraoui, C. Tags: 7.2 Paediatric Asthma and Allergy Source Type: research

Acute kidney injury in a shepherd with severe malaria: a case report.
We report a case of oliguric renal injury associated with malaria in a 65-year-old shepherd. Clinical manifestations included anemia, oliguria, and elevated creatinine and urea. The rapid diagnostic test for malaria and microscopic examination of blood smears were positive for P. falciparum. On the basis of this, the patient was diagnosed as having acute kidney injury as a complication of severe malaria. The patient was treated for malaria with intravenous quinine for 4 days, followed by 3 days of oral treatment. Volume expansion, antipyretic treatment, and diuretics were administered. He also had two rounds of dialysis af...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - October 28, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis Source Type: research

Le kyste hydatique r énal primitif: Une première observation mauritanienne
Publication date: Available online 27 October 2016 Source:African Journal of Urology Author(s): T.I. Boudhaye, M.M. Taleb Jiddou, T. Mohamed, B. Salem, C. Jdoud L’hydatidose est une affection parasitaire rare qui sévit à l’état endémique dans certains pays du bassin méditerranéen. La localisation rénale est rare et n’existe que dans 2 à 3% des formes viscérales. En Mauritanie, cette pathologie est extrêmement rare, nous rapportons une première observation d’une localisation rénale de l’hydatidose dans cette r&e...
Source: African Journal of Urology - October 27, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the Maghreb and its threat to southern European countries
AbstractFoot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious and transboundary viral disease of domesticated and wild cloven-hoofed animals. The present study summarizes the knowledge generated from the epidemiology, diagnosis, and surveillance of the disease in the Maghreb (2014 –2015) in assessing its threat to southern European countries. Currently, two serotypes of the FMD virus (O and SAT-2) and four lineages are circulating in the Maghreb region. The introduction of serotype SAT-2 in Libya and Mauritania in 2012 and 2015 respectively sets their neighbors and subseque ntly south European countries at constant ris...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - October 19, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research