New infertility therapy effects of polysaccharides from Althaea officinalis leaf with emphasis on characterization, antioxidant and anti-pathogenic activity.
Abstract Characterization, antioxidant, anti-pathogenic and infertility therapy effects of polysaccharides from Althaea officinalis (marshmallow) leaf (AOLPS) were investigated. AOLPS was fractionated using ion-exchange chromatography, affording fractions of AOLPS-1, AOLPS-2, AOLPS-3 and AOLPS-4. The fractions were mainly composed of d-galactopyranose (α-(1 → 4)-glycosidic bond) with the average molecular weight of 1220, 2240, 998 and 2670 Da, respectively which means it was a pectin-like polysaccharide. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) te...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - December 28, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tahmouzi S, Nejat MRS Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

In vitro adsorption-desorption of aflatoxin B1 on Pepper's lignins isolated from grassy plants.
Abstract The aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) adsorption properties of several lignins isolated by the Pepper's method from grassy plants: Helianthus tuberosus (LS-1), Atriplex patula (LS-2), Rhododendron tomentosum (LS-3), Althaea officinalis (LS-4), Lavatera (LS-5), and from wood of spruce Pícea (LS-6) were studied. The adsorption was conducted in vitro in the modeled conditions of the gastrointestinal tract. The correlations between the values of adsorption-desorption and the parameters of surface-porous structure and chemical structure of the lignins were established. The relationships between the adsorption capacit...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - December 12, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Karmanov AP, Kanarsky AV, Kanarskaya ZA, Kocheva LS, Semenov EI, Bogdanovich NI, Belyy VA Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Ovicidal and larvicidal activity of extracts from medicinal-plants against Haemonchus contortus.
idayová S, Königová A, Vadlejch J, Várady M Abstract The use of medicinal plants (MP) containing bioactive compounds is an alternative strategy to control of parasitic nematode of small ruminants Haemonchus contortus at various stages of their life cycle. The aims of this study were to determine the in vitro anthelmintic activity of both aqueous and methanolic extracts from 13 medicinal plants typical for Central Europe, and to determine quantity of selected plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) in the methanolic extracts. In vitro egg hatch test and larval development tests were conducted t...
Source: Experimental Parasitology - October 30, 2018 Category: Parasitology Authors: Váradyová Z, Pisarčíková J, Babják M, Hodges A, Mravčáková D, Kišidayová S, Königová A, Vadlejch J, Várady M Tags: Exp Parasitol Source Type: research

Management of acute cough by Zataria multiflora Boiss as an alternative treatment
Publication date: Available online 8 December 2017 Source:Journal of Integrative Medicine Author(s): Mohaddese Mahboubi Cough, as a defensive reflux mechanism, removes foreign objects and secretions from bronchi and bronchioles of airways. Zataria multiflora is a popular plant for treatment of cough in Iranian traditional medicine. The aim of this review was to evaluate the potency of Z. multiflora as an alternative treatment in management of acute cough and its possible mechanisms of action. Here the authors compiled information about Z. multiflora in the treatment of cough from all accessible resources and books. The re...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - December 16, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

In vivo screening and evaluation of four herbs against MRSA infections
Recently, we reported high in vitro antibacterial efficacy of Althaea officinalis, Ziziphus jujuba, Cordia latifolia and Thymus vulgaris out of a total 21 plants against wide range of bacteria including MRSA. Thi... (Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - November 23, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Najma Arshad, Arifa Mehreen, Iram Liaqat, Muhammad Arshad and Humera Afrasiab Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Inhalation Exposure Method for Illegal Drugs.
Abstract  We developed a new inhalation exposure method to evaluate effects of synthetic cannabimimetics that are being distributed as new, unregulated drugs in the Tokyo area. We selected the commercial product "SOUTOU" containing AB-CHMINACA and 5F-AMB as the test drug and dried marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) leaves as the negative control. A half cigarette packed with dried marshmallow leaves or SOUTOU was ignited, then mainstream smoke from each was delivered to five mice in an exposure box. After the cigarettes were fully consumed, neurobehavioral observations and a catalepsy test were perfo...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - August 6, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Inomata A, Ogata A, Tada Y, Nagasawa A, Yuzawa K, Ando H, Kubo Y, Takahashi H, Kaihoko F, Tanaka K, Nakajima J, Suzuki A, Uemura N, Moriyasu T, Watanabe D, Ishihara K, Usami T, Kamei S, Kohno Y Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research

The impact of a mixture of medicinal herbs on ruminal fermentation, parasitological status and hematological parameters of the lambs experimentally infected with Haemonchus contortus
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017 Source:Small Ruminant Research Author(s): Z. Váradyová, S. Kišidayová, K. Čobanová, Ľ. Grešáková, M. Babják, A. Königová, M. Urda Dolinská, M. Várady The aim of this study was to determine the effect of dietary supplementation with a mixture of selected medicinal herbs (Herbmix) on hematological and parasitological parameters and on the inflammatory response of lambs infected experimentally with the gastrointestinal parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus. Herbmix contained selected medi...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - May 4, 2017 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Rheological behavior and antioxidant activity of a highly acidic gum from Althaea officinalis flower
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Food Hydrocolloids, Volume 69 Author(s): Mehdi Tabarsa, Mohammad Anvari, Helen S. Joyner (Melito), Shabnam Behnam, Alireza Tabarsa Chemical composition, rheological properties and antioxidant activities of Althaea officinalis flower gum were studied as a new source of thickening agent for application in food systems. The isolated gum comprised mainly carbohydrates (52.6 ± 0.8%), uronic acids (37.5 ± 0.5%), and proteins (7.1 ± 0.1%). Rhamnose (57.7%) was the major sugar; the polysaccharide backbone was chiefly composed of 1,2-linked rha...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - March 15, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Effects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase-1
Journal of Natural ProductsDOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.6b00670 (Source: Journal of Natural Products)
Source: Journal of Natural Products - January 27, 2017 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Jandirk Sendker, Ines Bo ̈ker, Isabelle Lengers, Simone Brandt, Joachim Jose, Timo Stark, Thomas Hofmann, Careen Fink, Heba Abdel-Aziz and Andreas Hensel Source Type: research

Embling Production in Althaea officinalis L., Through Somatic Embryogenesis and Their Appraisal via Histological and Scanning Electron Microscopical Studies.
Abstract In vitro propagation of a medicinally important plant, Althaea officinalis, has been achieved through somatic embryogenesis. Somatic embryos (globular to torpedo-shaped embryos) were induced on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium augmented with various concentrations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D, 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, and 25.0) alone or combined with N6-benzylaminopurine (BA, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 μM). These were directly formed from the cut ends and subsequently spread on the whole surface of internodal explants. For embryo maturation, torpedo embryos were transferred on a medium...
Source: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - January 18, 2017 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Naz R, Anis M, Alatar AA Tags: Appl Biochem Biotechnol Source Type: research

New flavon glucuronides, scopoletin glycosides from the roots of Althaea officinalis L. and anti-hyaluronidase-1 activity
Planta Med 2016; 81: S1-S381 DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1596320 Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Full text (Source: Planta Medica)
Source: Planta Medica - December 14, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Sendker, J B öker, I Lengers, I Brandt, S Jose, J Abdel-Aziz, H Hensel, A Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

The Effect of Hollyhock (Althaea officinalis L) Leaf Compresses Combined With Warm and Cold Compress on Breast Engorgement in Lactating Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Breast engorgement affects lactation. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of hollyhock combined with warm and cold compresses on improving breast engorgement in lactating women. Participants included 40 women with breast engorgement divided into intervention and control groups, with participants in both groups being applied routine interventions and warm compress before nursing and a cold compress after nursing; however, the intervention group was also applied hollyhock compress. Both groups received these treatments 6 times during 2 days. The data collected were analyzed in SPSS-16 using a generalized ...
Source: Complementary Health Practice Review - December 5, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Khosravan, S., Mohammadzadeh-Moghadam, H., Mohammadzadeh, F., Fadafen, S. A. K., Gholami, M. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Clinical efficacy of an Herbal Mouth wash composed of Salix Alba, Malva sylvestrais and Althaea officinalis in chronic periodontitis patients
Conclusion Within the limitation of this small pilot investigation, an herbal mouthwash consisting of Salix alba, Malva sylvestris and Althaea officinalis, provided a clinical benefit comparable to that of CHX if used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing, especially in gingivitis patients, however, further large-scale studies are warranted. (Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - January 14, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

The extraction process optimization of antioxidant polysaccharides from Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis L.) roots.
Abstract Response surface methodology (RSM) with a central composite rotatable design (CCRD) based on five levels was employed to model and optimize four experimental operating conditions of extraction temperature (10-90°C) and time (6-30h), particle size (6-24mm) and water to solid (W/S, 10-50) ratio, obtaining polysaccharides from Althaea officinalis roots with high yield and antioxidant activity. For each response, a second-order polynomial model with high R(2) values (>0.966) was developed using multiple linear regression analysis. Results showed that the most significant (P
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - January 17, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Ghavi PP Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Green biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Althaea officinalis radix hydroalcoholic extract
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology, Ahead of Print. (Source: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology)
Source: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology - July 24, 2014 Category: Biotechnology Tags: article Source Type: research

Transformation of Althaea officinalis L. by Agrobacterium rhizogenes for the production of transgenic roots expressing the anti-HIV microbicide cyanovirin-N.
Abstract The marshmallow plant (Althaea officinalis L.) has been used for centuries in medicine and other applications. Valuable secondary metabolites have previously been identified in Agrobacterium rhizogenes-generated transgenic 'hairy' roots in this species. In the present study, transgenic roots were produced in A. officinalis using A. rhizogenes. In addition to wild-type lines, roots expressing the anti-human immunodeficiency virus microbicide candidate, cyanovirin-N (CV-N), were generated. Wild-type and CV-N root lines were transferred to liquid culture and increased in mass by 49 and 19 % respectively...
Source: Transgenic Research - July 13, 2013 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Drake PM, de Moraes Madeira L, Szeto TH, Ma JK Tags: Transgenic Res Source Type: research