Proactive community case management decreased malaria prevalence in rural Madagascar: results from a cluster randomized trial
Malaria remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with progress in malaria control stalling in recent years. Proactive community case management (pro-CCM) has been shown to increase access ... (Source: BMC Medicine)
Source: BMC Medicine - October 4, 2022 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Rila Ratovoson, Andres Garchitorena, Daouda Kassie, Jemima A. Ravelonarivo, Voahangy Andrianaranjaka, Seheno Razanatsiorimalala, Avotra Razafimandimby, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Laurie Ohlstein, Reziky Mangahasimbola, Sandro A. N. Randrianirisoa, Jocelyn Raz Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Detection of Salmonella Typhi nucleic acid by RT-PCR and anti-HlyE, -CdtB, -PilL, and -Vi IgM by ELISA at sites in Ghana, Madagascar and Ethiopia
We aimed to assess the prevalence of Salmonella Typhi through DNA and IgM-antibody detection methods as a prelude to extended surveillance activities at sites in Ghana, Madagascar, and Ethiopia. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - October 2, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ursula Panzner, Ondari Daniel Mogeni, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Trevor Toy, Hyon Jin Jeon, Gi Deok Pak, Se Eun Park, Yeetey Enuameh, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Trinh Van Tan, Abraham Aseffa, Mekonnen Teferi, Biruk Yeshitela, Stephen Baker, Raphael Rakotozandrindrainy and Tags: Research Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Rethinking Habitat Occupancy Modeling and the Role of Diel Activity in an Anthropogenic World
Am Nat. 2022 Oct;200(4):556-570. doi: 10.1086/720714. Epub 2022 Aug 19.ABSTRACTAbstractCurrent methods to model species habitat use through space and diel time are limited. Development of such models is critical when considering rapidly changing habitats where species are forced to adapt to anthropogenic change, often by shifting their diel activity across space. We use an occupancy modeling framework to specify the multistate diel occupancy model (MSDOM), which can evaluate species diel activity against continuous response variables that may impact diel activity within and across seasons or years. We used two case studies...
Source: The American Naturalist - September 23, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly Rivera Mason Fidino Zach J Farris Seth B Magle Asia Murphy Brian D Gerber Source Type: research

Neonatal acquisition of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the community of a low-income country (NeoLIC): protocol for a household cohort study in Moramanga, Madagascar
Introduction Data regarding the acquisition of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) in neonates at the community level are scarce in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the burden of neonatal sepsis is high. Our study aims at identifying and quantifying the role of the different routes of ESBL-PE transmission for neonates, which are still undefined in the community in LMICs. Methods and analysis In a semirural community in Madagascar, 60 mothers and their neonates will be recruited at delivery, during which a maternal stool sample and meconium of the newborn will be col...
Source: BMJ Open - September 23, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Harimanana, A., Rakotondrasoa, A., Rivoarilala, L. O., Criscuolo, A., Opatowski, L., Rakotomanana, E. F. N., Herindrainy, P., Collard, J.-M., Crucitti, T., Huynh, B.-T., For the NeoLIC study group, Rasoloson‎‎, Gamana‎, Andriamarohasi Tags: Open access, Infectious diseases Source Type: research

Are Madagascar's obligate grazing-lawns ancient and evolved with endemic herbivores, or recently selected by introduced cattle?
Biol Lett. 2022 Sep;18(9):20220212. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2022.0212. Epub 2022 Sep 14.NO ABSTRACTPMID:36102011 | DOI:10.1098/rsbl.2022.0212 (Source: Biology Letters)
Source: Biology Letters - September 14, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Grant S Joseph Colleen L Seymour Source Type: research

Are Madagascar's obligate grazing-lawns ancient and evolved with endemic herbivores, or recently selected by introduced cattle?
Biol Lett. 2022 Sep;18(9):20220212. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2022.0212. Epub 2022 Sep 14.NO ABSTRACTPMID:36102011 | DOI:10.1098/rsbl.2022.0212 (Source: Biology Letters)
Source: Biology Letters - September 14, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Grant S Joseph Colleen L Seymour Source Type: research

Are Madagascar's obligate grazing-lawns ancient and evolved with endemic herbivores, or recently selected by introduced cattle?
Biol Lett. 2022 Sep;18(9):20220212. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2022.0212. Epub 2022 Sep 14.NO ABSTRACTPMID:36102011 | DOI:10.1098/rsbl.2022.0212 (Source: Biology Letters)
Source: Biology Letters - September 14, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Grant S Joseph Colleen L Seymour Source Type: research