On the complementarity of DNA barcoding and morphology to distinguish benign endemic insects from possible pests: the case of Dirioxa pornia and the tribe Acanthonevrini (Diptera: Tephritidae: Phytalmiinae) in Australia
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Insect Science)
Source: Insect Science - February 27, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Francesco Martoni, Isabel Valenzuela, Mark J. Blacket Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Molecular karyotypes of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) aneuploids can be detected by using SSR markers combined with quantitative PCR irrespective of heterozygosity
Aneuploidy, a condition caused by an imbalance between the relative dosages of chromosomes, generally produces a novel phenotype specific to the molecular karyotype. Few techniques are currently available for ... (Source: Plant Methods)
Source: Plant Methods - February 24, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Guo Wen, Jiangbo Dang, Zhongyi Xie, Jinying Wang, Pengfei Jiang, Qigao Guo and Guolu Liang Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Effect of nano-SiO2 packing on postharvest quality and antioxidant capacity of loquat fruit under ambient temperature storage
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Li Wang, Shuang Shao, Million Paulos Madebo, Yuanyuan Hou, Yonghua Zheng, Peng JinAbstractEffect of nano-SiO2 packing on postharvest quality and antioxidant capacity of two different loquat cultivars (white-flesh ‘Qingzhong’ and red-flesh ‘Dawuxing’) were determined. Results showed that nano-SiO2 packing significantly inhibited internal browning, retarded the decline of total soluble solids, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid content and extractable juice in both cultivars. Decay index of nano-SiO2 packing in ‘Da...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 29, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Polysaccharides from loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) leaves: Impacts of extraction methods on their physicochemical characteristics and biological activities.
Abstract Impacts of hot water extraction (HWE), pressurized water extraction (PWE), high-speed shearing homogenization extraction, microwave assisted extraction (MAE), ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE), ultrasound assisted enzymatic extraction, and ultrasound-microwave assisted extraction (UMAE) on physicochemical characteristics and bioactivities of polysaccharides from loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) leaves (LLPs) were investigated. Results showed that the degrees of esterification, contents of phenolics and uronic acids, constituent monosaccharides, apparent viscosities, and molecular weights of LLPs varied by ...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - January 7, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Fu Y, Li F, Ding Y, Li HY, Xiang XR, Ye Q, Zhang J, Zhao L, Qin W, Gan RY, Wu DT Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Complete nucleotide sequence of loquat virus A, a member of the family Betaflexiviridae with a novel genome organization
AbstractAnalysis of a loquat tree with leaf curl symptoms by deep sequencing revealed a novel virus with a single-stranded RNA genome, for which the name “loquat virus A” (LoVA) was proposed. The complete genome sequence comprised 7553 nucleotides (nt) and an additional poly(A) tail at the 3′ terminus. Sequence comparisons of LoVA showed moderate similarity to cherry virus A (CVA), currant virus A (CuVA), and mume virus A (MuVA), which are memb ers of the genusCapillovirus in the familyBetaflexiviridae. Phylogenetic analysis of the full-genome nt sequence and replicase-like protein supported the placement...
Source: Archives of Virology - January 1, 2020 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Comparison of structural characteristics and bioactivities of polysaccharides from loquat leaves prepared by different drying techniques.
Abstract In the present study, freeze drying, hot-air drying, vacuum drying, and microwave drying at the microwave powers of 400, 600, and 800 W, respectively, were utilized to dry loquat leaves for evaluating the effects of different drying techniques on the physicochemical structures and bioactivities of polysaccharides extracted from loquat leaves (LLPs). Results demonstrated that the physicochemical structures and bioactivities of LLPs significantly affected by different drying techniques. The degrees of esterification, molar ratios of constituent monosaccharides, contents of uronic acids, apparent viscositi...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - December 27, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Fu Y, Feng KL, Wei SY, Xiang XR, Ding Y, Li HY, Zhao L, Qin W, Gan RY, Wu DT Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

The Inhibitory Effects of Pentacyclic Triterpenes from Loquat Leaf against Th17 Differentiation.
Conclusion: These results demonstrated that OA can improve the clinical manifestation of LN, indicating potential application in SLE therapy. PMID: 31795780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Immunological Investigations)
Source: Immunological Investigations - December 6, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research

Effects of Eriobotrya japonica Water Extract on Alcoholic and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Impairment
Journal of Medicinal Food,Volume 22, Issue 12, Page 1262-1270, December 2019. (Source: Journal of Medicinal Food)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Food - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jeongeun Mun Jeongjin Park Ho-Geun Yoon Yanghee You Kyung-Chul Choi Yoo-Hyun Lee Kyungmi Kim Jeongmin Lee Ok-Kyung Kim Woojin Jun Source Type: research

Anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity in extract from the leaves of Eriobotrya japonica
ConclusionsThe EJLE has anti-inflammatory and antihyperalgesic potential in models of acute and persistent experimental articular inflammation, making this infusion a new possibility for complementary treating acute or chronic articular inflammatory diseases.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - November 24, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Chemical Constituents of the Leaves of Eriobotrya japonica
(Source: Chemistry of Natural Compounds)
Source: Chemistry of Natural Compounds - September 14, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Loquat leaf polysaccharides improve glomerular injury in rats with anti-Thy 1 nephritis via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha pathway.
Authors: Lu T, Fan Z, Hou J, Qi X, Guo M, Ju J, Yang Y, Gu C Abstract Chronic glomerulonephritis frequently develops into renal failure that cannot be completely cured. Based on the success of anti-inflammatory Chinese herbs in treating chronic nephritis, our goal was to investigate the therapeutic effects and mechanism of action of loquat leaf polysaccharides (LLPS) on chronic anti-Thy-1 nephritis. A rat model of glomerulonephritis was used to study the effects of 8 weeks of enalapril or LLPS treatment. Twenty-four-hour rat urinary protein excretions were measured every week for 8 weeks. Then, all animals were sac...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - July 19, 2019 Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research

Eriobotrya japonica leaf extract attenuates airway inflammation in ovalbumin-induced mice model of asthma
ConclusionPresent study suggest that, EJ effectively protects against allergic airway inflammation thus possessing potential therapeutic option for allergic asthma management.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - July 14, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Effects of gum karaya addition on the characteristics of loquat seed starch films containing oregano essential oil
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2019Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Thi Luyen Cao, Kyung Bin SongABSTRACTBiodegradable films were developed from a novel source of starch, extracted from loquat seed, which is usually discarded. Oregano essential oil (OE) was incorporated into the loquat seed starch (LSS) film to confer bioactivity. The LSS films incorporated with 1.2% OE exhibited good antimicrobial activities as well as desirable mechanical properties. To enhance the homogeneity of OE in the film matrix, gum karaya (GK; 10%, 15%, and 20% of OE, w/w) was added as a stabilizing agent. The effects of GK concen...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - June 30, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The potential effects of dietary food and beverage intakes on the risk of kidney stone formation
This study was conducted on 44 healthy individuals and 44 patients diagnosed with nephrolithiasis and aging between 20 and 65 years. Participants shared their salt consumption habits, daily fluid consumption amounts and general information about themselves in a questionnaire form. In addition, food and beverage consumption frequencies of participants were recorded through a food frequency questionnaire. Results Salt consumption frequencies of patients are higher than that of healthy individuals in both genders (p
Source: Revista de Nutricao - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

[ASAP] Polyphenol-Rich Loquat Fruit Extract Prevents Fructose-Induced Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease by Modulating Glycometabolism, Lipometabolism, Oxidative Stress, Inflammation, Intestinal Barrier, and Gut Microbiota in Mice
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b02523 (Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry - June 25, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Wenfeng Li †, Hongyan Yang*‡, Qiang Zhao*§?, Xv Wang†, Jing Zhang†, and Xin Zhao¶ Source Type: research

Recent trends in anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory studies in modern health care.
CONCLUSION: In this paper, we would like to delve into the possibility of using natural components with natural lipid-lowering effect, and systematically and practically study if they can actually be helpful to develop new cosmetic products. PMID: 31156189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Technology and Health Care)
Source: Technology and Health Care - May 24, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Na EJ, Kim DJ, Kim JH, Kim GR Tags: Technol Health Care Source Type: research

Physicochemical characteristics and biological activities of polysaccharides from the leaves of different loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) cultivars.
Abstract In order to explore polysaccharides from loquat leaves (LLPs) as functional food ingredients for prevention and treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes, the physicochemical characteristics, in vitro binding properties, and inhibitory effects on α-amylase and α-glucosidase of polysaccharides from the leaves of different loquat cultivars, including 'Baiyu', 'Chuannong8', 'Yuanbao', and 'Dawuxing', were investigated and compared. Results showed that the contents of total uronic acids and degree of esterification in LLPs ranged from (27.04 ± 1.76)% to (41.46 ± 1.91)%, and fr...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - May 22, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Fu Y, Yuan Q, Lin S, Liu W, Du G, Zhao L, Zhang Q, Lin DR, Liu YT, Qin W, Li DQ, Wu DT Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Ternary complex EjbHLH1-EjMYB2-EjAP2-1 retards low temperature-induced flesh lignification in loquat fruit
Publication date: Available online 26 April 2019Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Meng Xu, Shao-jia Li, Xiao-fen Liu, Xue-ren Yin, Donald Grierson, Kun-song ChenAbstractsMany transcription factors (TFs), including NACs and MYBs, are involved in regulation of lignin biosynthesis during plant development and in responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. The lignin biosynthesis gene Ej4CL1 has been identified as a target for cold-induced TFs. We isolated a bHLH gene from loquat, EjbHLH1, the expression of which was negatively correlated with cold-induced fruit lignification. During low temperature storage (0...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - April 28, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

[ASAP] < italic toggle="yes" > EjHAT1 < /italic > Participates in Heat Alleviation of Loquat Fruit Lignification by Suppressing the Promoter Activity of Key Lignin Monomer Synthesis Gene < italic toggle="yes" > EjCAD5 < /italic >
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b00641 (Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry - April 26, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Meng Xu, Meng-xue Zhang, Yan-na Shi, Xiao-fen Liu, Xian Li, Donald Grierson, Kun-song Chen Source Type: research

Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) allergy, including anaphylaxis, is induced by a Bet v1 homolog.
PMID: 31017106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology)
Source: Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology - April 24, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Takaoka Y, Kondo Y, Matsunaga K, Aoki Y, Hasegawa E, Tokuda R, Fujisawa T, Morikawa A, Doi S Tags: J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol Source Type: research

Recombinant polyphenol oxidases for production of theaflavins from tea polyphenols.
Abstract Theaflavins (TFs) have attracted much attention due to their various bioactivities in black tea. This paper describes the first trial for enzymatic production of TFs by recombinant polyphenol oxidases (PPOs). PPO genes were cloned from nine species and expressed in E. coli. Crude enzyme assays by LC-MS revealed that eight recombinant PPOs were active for TFs production from tea polyphenols as substrates. Much higher activities were observed for crude enzymes of Md2 from Malus domestica (apple), Pp4 from Pyrus pashia (pear), and Ej2 from Eriobotrya japonica (loquat). When immobilized on mesoporous silica, ...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - April 22, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Zeng J, Du G, Shao X, Feng KN, Zeng Y Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

[ASAP] Ursolic Acid Isolated from the Leaves of Loquat ( < italic toggle="yes" > Eriobotrya japonica < /italic > ) Inhibited Osteoclast Differentiation through Targeting Exportin 5
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.8b06954 (Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry - March 18, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Hui Tan, Chong Zhao, Qinchang Zhu, Yoshinori Katakura, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Koichiro Ohnuki, Kuniyoshi Shimizu Source Type: research

Dielectric relaxation of Mediterranean Lignocellulosic Fibers for Sustainable Functional Biomaterials
Publication date: Available online 1 March 2019Source: Materials Chemistry and PhysicsAuthor(s): Osama Fares, Faris M. AL-Oqla, Mohammed T. HayajnehAbstractGreen composite materials have become one of the most potential alternative solutions for various sustainable industries. Green bio-materials have the capability of being functional materials for wide range of high-tech applications including anti-bacterial food packaging, implantable sensors and energy harvesting devices due to their desired novel characteristics. In this work, the electrical characteristics of some of the most widely available Mediterranean lignocellu...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - March 1, 2019 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Triterpenoid Acids from Eriobotrya japonica
(Source: Chemistry of Natural Compounds)
Source: Chemistry of Natural Compounds - February 20, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Neutrophil elastase inhibitory effects of pentacyclic triterpenoids from Eriobotrya japonica (loquat leaves)
In this study, an Eriobotrya japonica (loquat leaves) extract (triterpenoid composition of loquat leaves, TCLL) with enriched PTs such as UA was prepared. The study aims to compare the HNE inhibitory (HNEI) effect in vitro and the therapeutic effect on acute lung injury (ALI) in vivo between TCLL and UA.Materials and methodsAn HNEI activity bioassay was performed with Sivelestat sodium hydrate as a positive control. A lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung inflammatory model was established to evaluate TCLL's therapeutic effect on ALI in vivo. The absorption of UA in TCLL and in UA alone was determined using a Caco-2 cell u...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - January 29, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Selection of the optimal reference genes for expression analyses in different materials of Eriobotrya japonica
Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is a subtropical tree bearing fruit that ripens during late spring and early summer, which is the off-season for fruit production. The specific flowering habit of loquat, which starts... (Source: Plant Methods)
Source: Plant Methods - January 28, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Wenbing Su, Yuan Yuan, Ling Zhang, Yuanyuan Jiang, Xiaoqing Gan, Yunlu Bai, Jiangrong Peng, Jincheng Wu, Yuexue Liu and Shunquan Lin Tags: Research Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 448: Microscopic Analyses of Fruit Cell Plastid Development in Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) during Fruit Ripening
Changjie Xu Plastids are sites for carotenoid biosynthesis and accumulation, but detailed information on fruit plastid development and its relation to carotenoid accumulation remains largely unclear. Here, using Baisha (BS; white-fleshed) and Luoyangqing (LYQ; red-fleshed) loquat (Eriobotrya japonica), a detailed microscopic analysis of plastid development during fruit ripening was carried out. In peel cells, chloroplasts turned into smaller chromoplasts in both cultivars, and the quantity of plastids in LYQ increased by one-half during fruit ripening. The average number of chromoplasts per peel cell in fully ripe fr...
Source: Molecules - January 27, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Pengjun Lu Ruqian Wang Changqing Zhu Xiumin Fu Shasha Wang Don Grierson Changjie Xu Tags: Communication Source Type: research

Hepatoprotective Effect of Eriobotrya japonica Leaf Extract and Its Various Fractions against Carbon Tetra Chloride Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats.
Authors: Shahat AA, Ullah R, Alqahtani AS, Alsaid MS, Husseiny HA, Al Meanazel OTR Abstract Eriobotrya japonica is traditionally used as an antipyretic, digestive, and diuretic agent. Its flowers possess free radical-scavenging, antioxidative, and hepatoprotective effects. We investigated the hepatoprotective potential of E. japonica leaf extract and its various fractions against hepatotoxicity in rats. Liver injury was stimulated by the oral administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4; 2.5 mL/kg b.wt.). Male albino rats (n = 55) were distributed arbitrarily into 11 groups: Group I, normal control group; Group II,...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - January 17, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Floral nectar chitinase is a potential marker for monofloral honey botanical origin authentication: a case study from loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.)
Publication date: Available online 3 January 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Yue-Qin Song, Richard I Milne, Hong-Xia Zhou, Xue-Long Ma, Jiang-Yu Fang, Hong-Guang ZhaAbstractHoney,as a commercial product, is a target of adulteration through inappropriate production practices and deliberate mislabelling of botanical origin. Floral nectar protein could be a good marker for determining the source flowers of honey, especially monofloral honeys. Here, nectar and monofloral honey from Eriobotrya japonica Lindl. (loquat) were systematically compared, especially regarding proteomic and enzymatic activity. Using two-dimensional...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 3, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 9, Pages 639: De Novo Analysis Reveals Transcriptomic Responses in Eriobotrya japonica Fruits during Postharvest Cold Storage
This study aimed to explore the changes of loquat transcriptome during long-term cold storage. Our results showed that the gene expression patterns were differed among the five stages. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in response to cold storage were more intense and complex in earlier stage. The membrane-related genes preferentially responded to low temperature and were followed by intracellular-located genes. The cold-induced pathways were mainly concerned with signal transduction and secondary metabolism (i.e., lignin, pectin, cellulose, terpenoid, carotenoid, steroid) in the first three stages and were chiefly...
Source: Genes - December 17, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Shoukai Lin Ti Wu Hailan Lin Yanqing Zhang Shichang Xu Jinge Wang Bisha Wu Yu Chen Suying Lin Dahe Lin Xiumei Wang Xiaoxu Zhao Jincheng Wu Tags: Article Source Type: research

In vitro and in vivo evaluation of the genotoxicity of Eriobotrya japonica leaf extract
Publication date: November 2018Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 99Author(s): Myung-Hwan Jeong, Nak-Won Seong, Jong-Yun Lee, Yong-Jae Kim, Na-Rae Shin, Jong-Choon KimAbstractEriobotrya japonica leaf is included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and is widely used as a medicinal material in traditional medicine. The present study investigated the potential genotoxic effects of E. japonica leaf extract (EJE) using three standard battery systems. Genotoxicity tests were conducted following the test guidelines of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and Ministry of Food and Drug Saf...
Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology - October 5, 2018 Category: Toxicology Source Type: research

In vitro and in vivo evaluation of the genotoxicity of Eriobotrya japonica leaf extract.
Abstract Eriobotrya japonica leaf is included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and is widely used as a medicinal material in traditional medicine. The present study investigated the potential genotoxic effects of E. japonica leaf extract (EJE) using three standard battery systems. Genotoxicity tests were conducted following the test guidelines of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS), with application of Good Laboratory Practice. The bacterial reverse mutation test was conducted using the pre-incubation method in the presence or absence of the met...
Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology : RTP - September 27, 2018 Category: Toxicology Authors: Jeong MH, Seong NW, Lee JY, Kim YJ, Shin NR, Kim JC Tags: Regul Toxicol Pharmacol Source Type: research

Antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic effects of the flower extract of Eriobotrya japonica in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and the potential bioactive constituents in vitro
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of flower extracts of Eriobotrya japonica (EJ) on diabetes and hyperlipidemia for 4 weeks in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. EJ treatment significantly lowered levels of blood glucose, HbA1C, plasma triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) but increased the size of the islets of Langerhans within the pancreas. Membrane expression levels of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and phospho-Akt in the skeletal muscles from EJ-treated STZ mice were increased, but G6Pase mRNA levels were decreased, contributing to EJ’s antidiabetic activity. EJ caused an increase...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Generation of (2-Nitroethyl)benzene and related benzenoids from L-Phenylalanine; flower scents of the Japanese Loquat Eriobotrya japonica [Rosales: Rosaceae].
Abstract (2-Nitroethyl)benzene, methyl 4-methoxybenzoate and 4-methoxybenzaldehyde have been known as major scent components in flowers of the Japanese loquat Eriobotrya japonica [Rosales: rosaceae], together with 13 related benzenoids, including Z- and E-2-phenylacetaldoxime and benzyl alcohol. The scents air-trapped from a flowering panicle during 24 h incubation with d8-L-phenylalanine were composed of 15 deuterium labeled compounds {d6-styrene, d5-benzaldehyde, d7-2-phenylacetaldehyde, methyl d5-benzoate, d7 -2-phenylethanol, d7-2-phenylacetonitrile, d4-1,4-dimethoxybenzene, d7-Z-2-phenylacetaldoxime, d4-...
Source: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry - July 25, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Kuwahara Y, Asano Y Tags: Biosci Biotechnol Biochem Source Type: research

A 13-week subchronic toxicity study of an Eriobotrya japonica leaf extract in rats
ConclusionUnder the present experimental conditions, the no-observed-adverse-effect level of EJE was>1000 mg/kg/day in both sexes and no target organs were identified. The results suggest that the EJE is a safe traditional medicine for clinical applications at proper dose.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - July 24, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Label-free visualization of fruit lignification: Raman molecular imaging of loquat lignified cells
Flesh lignification, leading to increased fruit firmness, has been reported in several kinds of fruit. Understanding the mechanisms underlying fruit lignification is important to optimize the postharvest stora... (Source: Plant Methods)
Source: Plant Methods - July 13, 2018 Category: Biology Authors: Nan Zhu, Di Wu and Kunsong Chen Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Herbal medicine Eriobotrya japonica formula for acne vulgaris: A systematic review
Publication date: March 2018Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine, Volume 11Author(s): Suzi Shu Yi Mansu, Meaghan Coyle, Kaiyi Wang, Brian May, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Chang Li XueAbstractAcne vulgaris is a common inflammatory skin condition characterized by comedones. Current pharmacotherapies are effective but are associated with adverse events (AEs) such as mood disorders and antibiotic resistance. The Eriobotrya japonica Formula (EJF) contains six herbs commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine clinical practice. This paper evaluates the experimental evidence and clinical efficacy of EJF for acne vulgaris.Searches ...
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - July 10, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Antitussive and expectorant properties of growing and fallen leaves of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)
ABSTRACT Folium Eriobotryae, the dried leaves of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica, (Thunb.) Lindl., Rosaceae), is a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat cough with phlegm in China. Fallen and growing loquat leaves were tested for their effect on coughing and expectoration in mice. HPLC-ELSD and HPLC-MS analyses of aqueous and ethanol extracts of fallen or growing leaves were used to identify the chemical components responsible for this effect. Both the aqueous and ethanol extracts of growing and fallen leaves of loquat contained antitussive and expectorant activities. Moreover, an aqueous extract of growing loquat leaves ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia - June 11, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Comparison of structural and functional properties of starches from five fruit kernels
Publication date: 15 August 2018 Source:Food Chemistry, Volume 257 Author(s): Ke Guo, Lingshang Lin, Xiaoxu Fan, Long Zhang, Cunxu Wei Starch was isolated from the kernels of jackfruit, longan, loquat, litchi, and mango fruits, which contained approximately 56, 59, 71, 53, and 64% starch, respectively, indicating that these fruit kernels are good starch sources. The structural and functional properties of these isolated starches were investigated and compared. The starches had irregular, truncated, spherical, and elliptical shapes with central hila and exhibited different sizes, with mango starch being the largest and jac...
Source: Food Chemistry - March 8, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

A novel sesquiterpene glycoside from Loquat leaf alleviates oleic acid-induced steatosis and oxidative stress in HepG2 cells.
In this study, both SG1 and TSG were found to significantly reduce the lipid deposition in the cell model. They could also decrease total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and intracellular free fatty acid (FFA) contents. Compared with OA-treated cells, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) level increased, and the malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal levels respectively decreased after the administration of SG1 or TSG. The high dose of SG1 (140 μg/mL) displayed a similar therapeutic effect as TSG at 200 μg/mL. Both SG1 and TSG were found to suppress the expression of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and ...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - November 9, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Jian T, Wu Y, Ding X, Lv H, Ma L, Zuo Y, Ren B, Zhao L, Tong B, Chen J, Li W Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research

Herbal Medicine Eriobotrya japonica Formula for Acne Vulgaris: A Systematic Review
Publication date: Available online 9 September 2017 Source:Journal of Herbal Medicine Author(s): Suzi Shu Yi Mansu, Meaghan Coyle, Kaiyi Wang, Brian May, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Chang Li Xue Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory skin condition characterized by comedones. Current pharmacotherapies are effective but are associated with adverse events (AEs) such as mood disorders and antibiotic resistance. The Eriobotrya japonica Formula (EJF) contains six herbs commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine clinical practice. This paper evaluates the experimental evidence and clinical efficacy of EJF for acne vulgaris. S...
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - September 10, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Volatile metabolite profiling reveals the changes in the volatile compounds of new spontaneously generated loquat cultivars
Publication date: October 2017 Source:Food Research International, Volume 100, Part 1 Author(s): C. Besada, G. Sanchez, R. Gil, A. Granell, A. Salvador In recent years, the advantageous traits of three new loquat cultivars have drawn the attention of breeders and growers. All three have spontaneously arisen from the ‘Algerie’ cultivar: the new ‘Xirlero’ cultivar is a bud mutant of ‘Algerie’, while ‘Amadeo’ and ‘Raúl’ arose as chance seedlings. Following a non-targeted approach based on HS-SPME-GC–MS, the volatile compounds profile of the fruits from ...
Source: Food Research International - September 2, 2017 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Anti-hyperglycemic effect of loquat leaf extract is associated with the redistribution of glucose carbon to its metabolites: a 13 C-tracing study in HepG2 cells
ConclusionOur study demonstrates the utility of isotopomer matrix in summarizing metabolic actions of LLE on the balance of fluxes occurring within the central glucose metabolism in HepG2 cells.13C carbon tracing (tracer-based metabolomics) is a useful systems biology tool to elucidate glucose metabolic pathways affected by diabetes and its treatment. (Source: Metabolomics)
Source: Metabolomics - June 23, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Metabolic and transcriptional elucidation of the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway in peel and flesh tissue of loquat fruit during on-tree development
Carotenoids are the main colouring substances found in orange-fleshed loquat fruits. The aim of this study was to unravel the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of loquat fruit (cv. ‘Obusa’) in peel and flesh tis... (Source: BMC Plant Biology)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - June 14, 2017 Category: Biology Authors: Margarita Hadjipieri, Egli C. Georgiadou, Alicia Marin, Huertas M. Diaz-Mula, Vlasios Goulas, Vasileios Fotopoulos, Francisco A. Tom ás-Barberán and George A. Manganaris Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 22, Pages 830: Protective Effects of Tormentic Acid, a Major Component of Suspension Cultures of Eriobotrya japonica Cells, on Acetaminophen-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice
An acetaminophen (APAP) overdose can cause hepatotoxicity and lead to fatal liver damage. The hepatoprotective effects of tormentic acid (TA) on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver damage were investigated in mice. TA was intraperitoneally (i.p.) administered for six days prior to APAP administration. Pretreatment with TA prevented the elevation of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin (T-Bil), total cholesterol (TC), triacylglycerol (TG), and liver lipid peroxide levels in APAP-treated mice and markedly reduced APAP-induced histological alterations in liver tissues. Additio...
Source: Molecules - May 18, 2017 Category: Chemistry Authors: Wen-Ping Jiang Shyh-Shyun Huang Yoshikazu Matsuda Hiroshi Saito Naoto Uramaru Hui-Ya Ho Jin-Bin Wu Guan-Jhong Huang Tags: Article Source Type: research

Footprints of domestication revealed by RAD-tag resequencing in loquat: SNP data reveals a non-significant domestication bottleneck and a single domestication event
The process of crop domestication has long been a major area of research to gain insights into the history of human civilization and to understand the process of evolution. Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) is ... (Source: BMC Genomics)
Source: BMC Genomics - May 6, 2017 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Yunsheng Wang, Muhammad Qasim Shahid, Shunquan Lin, Chengjie Chen and Chen Hu Source Type: research

Some physicochemical properties and mineral contents of stirred yoghurts containing different fruit marmalades
In this study chemical properties and mineral levels of yoghurts containing different fruit marmalades were investigated. Cherry laurel, loquat fruit and kiwi marmalade were used to make the stirred yoghurts, and the calcium, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, manganese, iron, zinc, copper, boron, lead, nickel, molybdenum, chromium, cadmium, cobalt levels were determined by an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP–OES). The total solid, fat, ash, pH, viscosity and syneresis contents of the yoghurt samples changed between 13.85–21.02%, 2.45–2.90%, 0.82–0.94%, 4.11–4.22, 2104...
Source: International Journal of Dairy Technology - May 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hasan Temiz, Zekai Tarak çı, Tarik Yarilgaç, Beşir Dağ Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Total sesquiterpene glycosides from Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) leaf alleviate high-fat diet induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease through cytochrome P450 2E1 inhibition
Publication date: July 2017 Source:Biomedicine &amp; Pharmacotherapy, Volume 91 Author(s): Tunyu Jian, Xiancan Ao, YueXian Wu, Han Lv, Li Ma, Lei Zhao, Bei Tong, Bingru Ren, Jian Chen, Weilin Li Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease characterized by hepatic steatosis, which affects 20–40% of the population in the world. Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) Leaf possesses several pharmacological actions. Many sesquiterpene glycosides were reported to be isolated exclusively from the Loquat Leaf, however, their biological activity has been rarely investigated. The present study was designed ...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - April 29, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Total sesquiterpene glycosides from Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) leaf alleviate high-fat diet induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease through cytochrome P450 2E1 inhibition.
Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease characterized by hepatic steatosis, which affects 20-40% of the population in the world. Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) Leaf possesses several pharmacological actions. Many sesquiterpene glycosides were reported to be isolated exclusively from the Loquat Leaf, however, their biological activity has been rarely investigated. The present study was designed to evaluate the pharmacological effect of total sesquiterpene glycosides (TSG) in high-fat diet (HFD) induced NAFLD mice with its related mechanisms of action. Mice were fed with a normal ...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - April 27, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Jian T, Ao X, Wu Y, Lv H, Ma L, Zhao L, Tong B, Ren B, Chen J, Li W Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research