Radiation therapist health literacy training: Does learning alternate communication methods translate into improved confidence in patient interactions?
Low health literacy can inhibit patients ’ understanding of radiation therapy (RT) procedures. An objective of this research was to develop training to educate Australian radiation therapists (RTTs) about tools that support low health literacy patients, namely plain language and the Teach Back method (TBM). Perceptions, clinical use of t hese tools and confidence levels (pre and post training) in occupational scenarios were evaluated. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - December 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: T. Kelly, B. Arnold, Y. Surjan, M. Rinks, H. Warren-Forward Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 225: Coarse-to-Fine Classification of Road Infrastructure Elements from Mobile Point Clouds Using Symmetric Ensemble Point Network and Euclidean Cluster Extraction
ni Si Classifying point clouds obtained from mobile laser scanning of road environments is a fundamental yet challenging problem for road asset management and unmanned vehicle navigation. Deep learning networks need no prior knowledge to classify multiple objects, but often generate a certain amount of false predictions. However, traditional clustering methods often involve leveraging a priori knowledge, but may lack generalisability compared to deep learning networks. This paper presents a classification method that coarsely classifies multiple objects of road infrastructure with a symmetric ensemble point (SEP) ne...
Source: Sensors - December 31, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Wang Wang Scaioni Si Tags: Article Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 236: Non-Technical Loss Detection in Power Grids with Statistical Profile Images Based on Semi-Supervised Learning
Wang In order to keep track of the operational state of power grids, the world’s largest sensor system, smart grid, was built by deploying hundreds of millions of smart meters. Such a system makes it possible to discover and make quick response to any hidden threat to the entire power grid. Non-technical losses (NTLs) have always been a major concern for their consequent security risks as well as immeasurable revenue loss. However, various causes of NTL may have different characteristics reflected in the data. Accurately capturing these anomalies faced with such a large scale of collected data records is ...
Source: Sensors - December 31, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Li Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

MBAs in the Reading Room
We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools. —Martin Luther King, Jr.As part of a class project (and likely a research publication), a health care services professor at your university’s business school contacts your dean about examining health care delivery in your system. The dean sends him to your department, suggesting that they perfor m detailed real-time cost accounting for one of your imaging service lines. This will involve a team of MBA students armed with clipboards and stopwatches. (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR - December 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Frank J. Lexa, David Fessell Tags: Devilish dilemma Source Type: research

Samrakshan: An Indian radiological and imaging association program to reduce perinatal mortality in India
Conclusions: Samrakshan is a flagship program of IRIA that aims to reduce perinatal mortality in India through a synergistic, holistic approach that complements and supplements existing efforts in India. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - December 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Rijo M Choorakuttil Hemant Patel Rajalingam Bavaharan Palanisamy Devarajan Saneej Kanhirat Ramesh S Shenoy Om P Tiwari Rajendra K Sodani Lalit K Sharma Praveen K Nirmalan Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 234: Bearing State Recognition Method Based on Transfer Learning Under Different Working Conditions
o Cui Bearing state recognition, especially under variable working conditions, has the problems of low reusability of monitoring data, low state recognition accuracy and low generalization ability of the model. The feature-based transfer learning method can solve the above problems, but it needs to rely on signal processing knowledge and expert diagnosis experience to obtain the cross-characteristics of different working conditions data in advance. Therefore, this paper proposes an improved balanced distribution adaptation (BDA), named multi-core balanced distribution adaptation (MBDA). This method constructs a weig...
Source: Sensors - December 31, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Cao Jiang Gao Cui Tags: Article Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 230: The Effect of Light Intensity, Sensor Height, and Spectral Pre-Processing Methods when using NIR Spectroscopy to Identify Different Allergen-Containing Powdered Foods
Watson : Food allergens present a significant health risk to the human population, so their presence must be monitored and controlled within food production environments. This is especially important for powdered food, which can contain nearly all known food allergens. Manufacturing is experiencing the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0), which is the use of digital technologies, such as sensors, Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence, and cloud computing, to improve the productivity, efficiency, and safety of manufacturing processes. This work studied the potential of small low-cost sensors and ...
Source: Sensors - December 31, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Rady Fischer Reeves Logan Watson Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 276: Academic Effects of the Use of Flipped Learning in Physical Education
This study addresses flipped learning as an innovative approach in the teaching and learning processes of physical education at two educational stages, primary and secondary education. The objective of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of flipped learning with respect to traditional methodology. A descriptive and correlational experimental research design was used through a quantitative perspective. Two study groups were established, one control (traditional methodology) and one experimental (flipped learning) in each educational stage. A total of 119 students from an educational center in Ceuta (Spain) participat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 31, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Francisco Javier Hinojo Lucena Jes ús López Belmonte Arturo Fuentes Cabrera Juan Manuel Trujillo Torres Santiago Pozo S ánchez Tags: Article Source Type: research

Computational network biology: Data, model, and applications
Publication date: Available online 30 December 2019Source: Physics ReportsAuthor(s): Chuang Liu, Yifang Ma, Jing Zhao, Ruth Nussinov, Yi-Cheng Zhang, Feixiong Cheng, Zi-Ke ZhangAbstractBiological entities are involved in intricate and complex interactions, in which uncovering the biological information from the network concepts are of great significance. Benefiting from the advances of network science and high-throughput biomedical technologies, studying the biological systems from network biology has attracted much attention in recent years, and networks have long been central to our understanding of biological systems, i...
Source: Physics Reports - December 30, 2019 Category: Physics Source Type: research

Use of Social Media for Out-of-Class Communication to Enhance Learning: A pilot study.
Conclusion: Dental hygiene students and faculty differ in their frequency and levels of comfort in using SM for out-of-class communication. Additional research related to the phenomenon of social media and communication to enhance learning in dental hygiene should be explored. PMID: 31882557 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Dental Hygiene)
Source: Journal of Dental Hygiene - December 30, 2019 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Dent Hyg Source Type: research

Brain age prediction in stroke patients: Highly reliable but limited sensitivity to cognitive performance and response to cognitive training
Publication date: Available online 30 December 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Geneviève Richard, Knut Kolskår, Kristine M. Ulrichsen, Tobias Kaufmann, Dag Alnæs, Anne-Marthe Sanders, Erlend S. Dørum, Jennifer Monereo Sánchez, Anders Petersen, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Jan Egil Nordvik, Lars T. WestlyeAbstractCognitive deficits are important predictors for outcome, independence and quality of life after stroke, but often remain unnoticed and unattended because other impairments are more evident. Computerized cognitive training (CCT) is among the candidate interventions that may alleviate...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - December 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Depression Screening in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinics: Recommendations and a Toolkit for Implementation
Conclusions: It is recommended that adolescents with IBD ages 12 and older be screened for depression annually. Additional practical recommendations for implementation, triage, and treatment within the pediatric gastroenterology clinic are also provided. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - December 30, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research

[ASAP] The Southern Illinois Well Water Quality Project: A Service-Learning Project in Environmental Chemistry
Journal of Chemical EducationDOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00634 (Source: Journal of Chemical Education)
Source: Journal of Chemical Education - December 30, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Logan Dameris, Hannah Frerker, and H. Darrell Iler* Source Type: research

A fully convolutional neural network for new T2-w lesion detection in multiple sclerosis
In this study, we propose a fully convolutional neural network (FCNN) to detect new T2-w lesions in longitudinal brain MR images.Methods: One year apart, multichannel brain MR scans (T1-w, T2-w, PD-w, and FLAIR) were obtained for 60 patients, 36 of them with new T2-w lesions. Modalities from both temporal points were preprocessed and linearly coregistered. Afterwards, an FCNN, whose inputs were from the baseline and follow-up images, was trained to detect new MS lesions. The first part of the network consisted of U-Net blocks that learned the deformation fields (DFs) and nonlinearly registered the baseline image to the fol...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - December 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Intravenous artesunate plus oral dihydroartemisinin –piperaquine or intravenous quinine plus oral quinine for optimum treatment of severe malaria: lesson learnt from a field hospital in Timika, Papua, Indonesia
Intravenous artesunate and its follow on full course dihydroartemisinin –piperaquine are the standard treatment for severe malaria in Indonesia. The current policy suggests that intravenous and oral quinine cou... (Source: Malaria Journal)
Source: Malaria Journal - December 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Silvester Alexandro Sikora, Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo, Enny Kenangalem, Daniel A. Lampah, Paulus Sugiarto, Ida Safitri Laksono, Riris Andono Ahmad and E. Elsa Herdiana Murhandarwati Tags: Research Source Type: research

Rule-based and machine learning algorithms identify patients with systemic sclerosis accurately in the electronic health record
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare disease with studies limited by small sample sizes. Electronic health records (EHRs) represent a powerful tool to study patients with rare diseases such as SSc, but validated... (Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy)
Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy - December 30, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Lia Jamian, Lee Wheless, Leslie J. Crofford and April Barnado Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The effect of stereoscopic Augmented Reality visualization on learning anatomy and the modifying effect of visual ‐spatial abilities: a double‐center randomized controlled trial
AbstractMonoscopically projected three ‐dimensional (3D) visualization technology may have significant disadvantages for students with lower visual‐spatial abilities despite its overall effectiveness in teaching anatomy. Previous research suggests that stereopsis may facilitate a better comprehension of anatomical knowledge. This stu dy evaluated the educational effectiveness of stereoscopic augmented reality (AR) visualization and the modifying effect of visual‐spatial abilities on learning. In a double‐center randomized controlled trial, first and second‐year (bio)medical undergraduates studied lower limb anato...
Source: Anatomical Sciences Education - December 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Katerina Bogomolova, Ineke J.M. van der Ham, Mary E.W. Dankbaar, Walter W. van den Broek, Steven E.R. Hovius, Jos A. van der Hage, Beerend P. Hierck Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Effects of cellular prion protein on rapid eye movement sleep deprivation-induced spatial memory impairment.
Abstract The effects of cellular prion protein on rapid eye movement sleep deprivation-induced spatial memory impairment were investigated, and the related mechanisms explored. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: environment control, sleep deprivation control, sleep-deprived-plasmid adeno-associated virus-green fluorescent protein group, and sleep-deprived-plasmid adeno-associated virus-cellular prion protein-green fluorescent protein group. Overexpression of cellular prion protein was induced by stereotaxic injection of adeno-associated viral plasmids-CAG-enhanced green fluorescent protein-c...
Source: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience - December 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Hu L, Li P, You Z, Zhang Z, Jin H, Huang L Tags: J Integr Neurosci Source Type: research

Effects of aminooxyacetic acid on hippocampal mitochondria in rats with chronic alcoholism: the analysis of learning and memory-related genes.
Abstract The incidence of chronic alcoholism leading to central and peripheral nervous system damage has been increasing year-to-year. The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of aminooxyacetic acid on hippocampus mitochondria in rats with chronic alcoholism and analyze learning and memory-related genes. Sixty male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups. Except for the control group, each group was fed with the water containing (v/v) 6% alcohol for 28 days. After 14 days, rats in the treatment group were intraperitoneally injected daily for 14 days with aminooxyacetic acid. High thr...
Source: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience - December 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Du A, Dai X, Dong J, Liu J, Zhang Y, Fu P, Qin H, Li R, Zhang R Tags: J Integr Neurosci Source Type: research

Are we prepared for clinical trials in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?
Abstract There has been considerable progress in developing treatments for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with a number of therapies either completing or nearing clinical trials. In the case of CMT1A, the commonest subtype of CMT, there have been more than five randomised, double blind placebo-controlled trials. Although these trials were negative for the primary outcome measure, considerable lessons have been learnt leading to the collection of large prospective natural history data sets with which to inform future trial design as well as the development of new and sensitive outcome measures. In this review we summa...
Source: Brain Research - December 30, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Rossor AM, Shy ME, Reilly MM Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research

The effect of stereoscopic Augmented Reality visualization on learning anatomy and the modifying effect of visual ‐spatial abilities: a double‐center randomized controlled trial
AbstractMonoscopically projected three ‐dimensional (3D) visualization technology may have significant disadvantages for students with lower visual‐spatial abilities despite its overall effectiveness in teaching anatomy. Previous research suggests that stereopsis may facilitate a better comprehension of anatomical knowledge. This stu dy evaluated the educational effectiveness of stereoscopic augmented reality (AR) visualization and the modifying effect of visual‐spatial abilities on learning. In a double‐center randomized controlled trial, first and second‐year (bio)medical undergraduates studied lower limb anato...
Source: Anatomical Sciences Education - December 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Authors: Katerina Bogomolova, Ineke J.M. van der Ham, Mary E.W. Dankbaar, Walter W. van den Broek, Steven E.R. Hovius, Jos A. van der Hage, Beerend P. Hierck Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Editorial.
Abstract In this editorial, Colin Wayne Leach says it seems that personality and social psychology is at a crossroads. His hope is that we will learn from past failings and fractures and begin to consolidate our most important lessons into a renewed sense of shared purpose and practice. As the incoming Editor of Journal of Personality & Social Psychology: Interpersonal Relations and Group Processes (JPSP: IRGP), it is his mission to facilitate our collective effort in our common cause. Leach wishes to see the full range of social psychology topics and approaches rigorously pursued in the pages of JPSP: IRGP. T...
Source: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology - December 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Leach CW Tags: J Pers Soc Psychol Source Type: research

Executive Functions and Academic Outcomes of Low Birthweight Infants: A Prospective Longitudinal U.S. Cohort
Am J Perinatol DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1700858 Objective Executive functions such as working memory and cognitive flexibility are key to lifelong learning. Our hypothesis was that children born low birthweight (LBW), defined as weight 
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - December 30, 2019 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Miller, Sarah E. DeBoer, Mark D. Scharf, Rebecca J. Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Train-the-Trainers in hand hygiene: a standardized approach to guide education in infection prevention and control
We describe a standardized approach to training, using a “Train-the-Trainers” (TTT) concept for IPC professionals and assess its impact on hand hygiene knowledge in six countries.MethodsWe developed a three-day simulation-based TTT course based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy. To evaluate its impact, we have performed a pre-and post-course knowledge questionnaire. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the results before and after training.ResultsBetween June 2016 and January 2018 we conducted seven TTT courses in six countries: Iran, Malaysia, Mexi...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - December 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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If I have post-traumatic stress, it would be due to the neuroanatomy course that I took in medical school. A large room of laboratory tables with a hundred brains with numbered pins stuck in various structures. We had 1  minute to identify the structure and then move on to the next. The two texts reviewed here are both translations of foreign textbooks (one German, one Greek) designed to help with the angst that accompanies the learning of the vast and not always intuitive neuroanatomy and neurophysiology that und erlies neurologic diagnoses. (Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - December 30, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Edward J. Otten Tags: Book and Other Media Reviews Source Type: research

Learning to fear pain after observing another ’s pain: An experimental study in schoolchildren
ConclusionsThis study provides evidence for observational learning of PRF and subsequent extinction in schoolchildren. This acquisition of PRF by observing parental pain may contribute to vulnerabilities in children of parents with chronic pain. (Source: European Journal of Pain)
Source: European Journal of Pain - December 30, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: E. Van Lierde, L. Goubert, T. Vervoort, G. Hughes, E. Van den Bussche Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 214: Smartphone Location Recognition: A Deep Learning-Based Approach
in One of the approaches for indoor positioning using smartphones is pedestrian dead reckoning. There, the user step length is estimated using empirical or biomechanical formulas. Such calculation was shown to be very sensitive to the smartphone location on the user. In addition, knowledge of the smartphone location can also help for direct step-length estimation and heading determination. In a wider point of view, smartphone location recognition is part of human activity recognition employed in many fields and applications, such as health monitoring. In this paper, we propose to use deep learning approaches to classif...
Source: Sensors - December 30, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Klein Tags: Article Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 210: Multifeature Fusion Neural Network for Oceanic Phenomena Detection in SAR Images
ng Yan Li Oceanic phenomena detection in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images is important in the fields of fishery, military, and oceanography. The traditional detection methods of oceanic phenomena in SAR images are based on handcrafted features and detection thresholds, which have a problem of poor generalization ability. Methods based on deep learning have good generalization ability. However, most of the deep learning methods currently applied to oceanic phenomena detection only detect one type of phenomenon. To satisfy the requirements of efficient and accurate detection of multiple information of multiple oce...
Source: Sensors - December 30, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Zhuofan Yan Jinsong Chong Yawei Zhao Kai Sun Yuhang Wang Yan Li Tags: Article Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 152: A Rapid and Highly Efficient Method for the Identification of Soybean Seed Varieties: Hyperspectral Images Combined with Transfer Learning
hongwen Huang Convolutional neural network (CNN) can be used to quickly identify crop seed varieties. 1200 seeds of ten soybean varieties were selected, hyperspectral images of both the front and the back of the seeds were collected, and the reflectance of soybean was derived from the hyperspectral images. A total of 9600 images were obtained after data augmentation, and the images were divided into a training set, validation set, and test set with a 3:1:1 ratio. Pretrained models (AlexNet, ResNet18, Xception, InceptionV3, DenseNet201, and NASNetLarge) after fine-tuning were used for transfer training. The optimal CNN ...
Source: Molecules - December 30, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Shaolong Zhu Jinyu Zhang Maoni Chao Xinjuan Xu Puwen Song Jinlong Zhang Zhongwen Huang Tags: Article Source Type: research

Unsupervised Machine Learning for the Discovery of Latent Disease Clusters and Patient Subgroups Using Electronic Health Records
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2019Source: Journal of Biomedical InformaticsAuthor(s): Yanshan Wang, Yiqing Zhao, Terry M. Therneau, Elizabeth J. Atkinson, Ahmad P. Tafti, Nan Zhang, Shreyasee Amin, Andrew H. Limper, Sundeep Khosla, Hongfang LiuAbstractMachine learning has become ubiquitous and a key technology on mining electronic health records (EHRs) for facilitating clinical research and practice. Unsupervised machine learning, as opposed to supervised learning, has shown promise in identifying novel patterns and relations from EHRs without using human created labels. In this paper, we investigate the a...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Informatics - December 29, 2019 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Formation of computational identity through computational thinking perspectives development in programming learning: A mediation analysis among primary school students
This study aimed at investigating whether Computational Thinking (CT) Perspectives can foster Computational Identity (CI) among primary school students in programming learning from the perspective of situated learning theory. This study conceptualized CT perspectives as a multidimensional construct that comprises (1) ability to connect, (2) ability to question, and (3) ability to express, and CI with four subcomponents including (1) programming affiliation, (2) programming engagement, (3) programming actualization, and (4) programming goal setting. Students who received at least 6-month programming training for computation...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - December 29, 2019 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Strategy for estimating optimal heart rate in refractory heart failure with relative sinus bradycardia: A case report
We report a case of a man aged 58 years with an old broad anterior myocardial infarction and relative bradycardia (about 60 bpm) suffering from symptoms of congestive heart failure at rest in spite of optimal medical therapy, including the use of the inotropes. Transvenous atrial pacing during right heart catheterization indicated that an increase in heart rate (up to 80 bpm) improved hemodynamics immediately. Implantation of a pacemaker (atrial pacing of 80 bpm) was effective for stabilizing the heart failure symptoms. Transvenous atrial pacing during right heart catheterization is effective for estim...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - December 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

CE: Original Research: The Recruitment Experience of Foreign-Educated Health Professionals to the United States.
CONCLUSION: Given that FEHP migration to the United States is likely to continue its upward trajectory, better strategies to implement market-wide practices that ensure the safe, orderly, and ethical recruitment of FEHPs are needed. PMID: 31880706 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Nursing)
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - December 29, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Shaffer FA, Bakhshi MA, Farrell N, Álvarez TD Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research

Machine learning maximized Anderson localization of phonons in aperiodic superlattices
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2019Source: Nano EnergyAuthor(s): Prabudhya Roy Chowdhury, Colleen Reynolds, Adam Garrett, Tianli Feng, Shashishekar P. Adiga, Xiulin RuanAbstractNanostructuring materials to achieve ultra-low lattice thermal conductivity has proven to be extremely attractive for numerous applications such as thermoelectric energy conversion. Anderson localization of phonons due to aperiodicity can reduce thermal conductivity in superlattices, but the lower limit of thermal conductivity remains elusive due to the prohibitively large design space. In this work, we demonstrate that an intuition-...
Source: Nano Energy - December 29, 2019 Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research

Procedure for Microbiological Baseline Surveys Conducted by US Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service
This article describes the procedures and statistical techniques that the US Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) utilizes when performing a microbiological baseline survey. A baseline is a statistical survey of a specific product regulated by FSIS. It is used to learn about the microbiological profile associated with the commodity. The survey generates data that are used for calculation of national prevalence, performing risk assessments, providing support for guidance to industry, and answers for other data-specific projects. The knowledge gained through baseline surveys is used to accompli...
Source: Food Control - December 29, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Decision tree machine learning applied to bovine tuberculosis risk factors to aid disease control decision making” [Prev. Vet. Med. 175 (2020) 104860]
Publication date: Available online 29 December 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): M. Pilar Romero, Yu-Mei Chang, Lucy A. Brunton, Jessica Parry, Alison Prosser, Paul Upton, Eleanor Rees, Oliver Tearne, Mark Arnold, Kim Stevens, Julian A. Drewe (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - December 29, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Learning to Be Conscious
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2019Source: Trends in Cognitive SciencesAuthor(s): Axel Cleeremans, Dalila Achoui, Arnaud Beauny, Lars Keuninckx, Jean-Remy Martin, Santiago Muñoz-Moldes, Laurène Vuillaume, Adélaïde de HeeringConsciousness remains a formidable challenge. Different theories of consciousness have proposed vastly different mechanisms to account for phenomenal experience. Here, appealing to aspects of global workspace theory, higher-order theories, social theories, and predictive processing, we introduce a novel framework: the self-organizing metarerpresentational accoun...
Source: Trends in Cognitive Sciences - December 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Novel stress phonotactics are learnable by English speakers: Novel tone phonotactics are not.
Authors: Bian Y, Dell GS Abstract Speech errors are sensitive to newly learned phonotactic constraints. For example, if speakers produce strings of syllables in which /f/ is an onset if the vowel is /æ/, but a coda if the vowel is /I/, their slips will respect that constraint after a period of sleep. Constraints in which the contextual factor is nonlinguistic, however, do not appear to be learnable by this method-for example, /f/ is an onset if the speech rate is fast, but /f/ is a coda if the speech rate is slow. The present study demonstrated that adult English speakers can learn (after a sleep period) cons...
Source: Memory and Cognition - December 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: Mem Cognit Source Type: research

Enhancement of unsafe behaviors in simulated moped-riding performance under the influence of low dose of alcohol
Publication date: March 2020Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 136Author(s): Carmela Centola, Mariaelena Tagliabue, Andrea Spoto, Marco Palpacelli, Arianna Giorgetti, Raffaele Giorgetti, Giulio VidottoAbstractThe effects of low levels of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) on motorcyclist performance are still not fully comprehended. The great majority of the studies are, in fact, focused on car driving. So far, it is known that even BAC levels below the legal limit negatively affect riding motor skills correlated with crash rate. In the present study, we used a moped riding simulator to investigate the effec...
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - December 29, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

What we can learn from a genetic rodent model about autism
Publication date: Available online 27 December 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Dorit Möhrle, Marta Fernández, Olga Peñagarikano, Andreas Frick, Brian Allman, Susanne SchmidAbstractAutism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complex neurodevelopmental disorders that are caused by genetic and/or environmental impacts, often probably by the interaction of both. They are characterised by deficits in social communication and interaction and by restricted and repetitive behaviours and interests from early childhood on, causing significant impairment. While it is clear that no animal mode...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - December 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Optical detection of aflatoxins B in grained almonds using fluorescence spectroscopy and machine learning algorithms
Publication date: Available online 27 December 2019Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): F.R. Bertani, L. Businaro, L. Gambacorta, A. Mencattini, D. Brenda, D. Di Giuseppe, A. De Ninno, M. Solfrizzo, E. Martinelli, A. GerardinoAbstractAflatoxins are fungal metabolites extensively produced by many different fungal species that may contaminate a wide range of agricultural food products. They have been studied extensively because of being associated with various chronic and acute diseases, especially immunosuppression and cancer, and their presence in food is strictly monitored and regulated worldwide.Aflatoxin detection and measure...
Source: Food Control - December 29, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

In silico unravelling pathogen-host signaling cross-talks via pathogen mimicry and human protein-protein interaction networks
In this study, we propose a computational framework to validate the biological assumption that human protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks alone are sufficient to infer pathogen-host PPIs via pathogen functional mimicry. Pathogen functional mimicry assumes that a pathogen functionally mimics and substitutes host counterpart proteins in order for the pathogen to get involved in or hijack the host cellular processes. Through pathogen functional mimicry defined via gene ontology (GO) semantic similarity, we first use the known human PPIs as templates to infer pathogen-host PPIs, and the PPIs are further used as training ...
Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal - December 29, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Effects of in utero exposure to lanthanum on neurological behavior in rat offspring
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2019Source: Neurotoxicology and TeratologyAuthor(s): Xiao Xiao, Ling Yong, Dandan Liu, Hui Yang, Chunlai Liang, Xudong Jia, Zhaoping Liu, Yan SongAbstractThe increasing use of rare-earth elements in various fields has raised concern from public heath perspective regarding their accumulation in human body. Long-term exposure to lanthanum, one of the frequently used rare-earth elements in biomedicine and agriculture, has been previously shown to exert neurotoxicity during development in rats; however, the effects of short-term exposure to lanthanum during gestation on neurobehav...
Source: Neurotoxicology and Teratology - December 29, 2019 Category: Toxicology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 240: Quality Assurance in Nursing Education: A Qualitative Study Involving Students and Newly Graduated Nurses
Conclusions: Among the improvements suggested by the participants, the most relevant ones were establishing a clear structure of learning contents in the practicum, and redistributing the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS credits in various courses of the study program. However, additional evidence is needed prior to proceeding with any changes. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 29, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Olga Mar ía López-Entrambasaguas Mar ía José Calero-García Ana Mar ía Díaz-Meco-Niño Jos é Manuel Martínez-Linares Tags: Article Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 11, Pages 41: Local Epigenomic Data are more Informative than Local Genome Sequence Data in Predicting Enhancer-Promoter Interactions Using Neural Networks
i Pan Enhancer-promoter interactions (EPIs) are crucial for transcriptional regulation. Mapping such interactions proves useful for understanding disease regulations and discovering risk genes in genome-wide association studies. Some previous studies showed that machine learning methods, as computational alternatives to costly experimental approaches, performed well in predicting EPIs from local sequence and/or local epigenomic data. In particular, deep learning methods were demonstrated to outperform traditional machine learning methods, and using DNA sequence data alone could perform either better than or almost as w...
Source: Genes - December 29, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Mengli Xiao Zhong Zhuang Wei Pan Tags: Article Source Type: research

The seed of Litchi chinensis fraction ameliorates hippocampal neuronal injury in an A β25-35-induced Alzheimer's disease rat model via the AKT/GSK-3β pathway.
The seed of Litchi chinensis fraction ameliorates hippocampal neuronal injury in an Aβ25-35-induced Alzheimer's disease rat model via the AKT/GSK-3β pathway. Pharm Biol. 2020 Dec;58(1):35-43 Authors: Sun Y, Wu A, Li X, Qin D, Jin B, Liu J, Tang Y, Wu J, Yu C Abstract Context: The seed of Litchi chinensis Sonn., a famous traditional Chinese medicine, was recently reported to enhance cognitive function by inhibiting neuronal apoptosis in rats.Objective: We determined whether the seed of Litchi chinensis fraction (SLF) can ameliorate hippocampal neuronal injury via the AKT/GSK-3β pathway.Ma...
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - December 28, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research

Provoking a Conversation Around Students ’ and Supervisors’ Expectations Regarding Workplace Learning
. (Source: Teaching and Learning in Medicine)
Source: Teaching and Learning in Medicine - December 28, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Sanne Peters Geraldine Clarebout Bert Aertgeerts Nele Michels Peter Pype Lorette Stammen Ann Roex Source Type: research

Towards a Definition of Distinction in Professionalism
. (Source: Teaching and Learning in Medicine)
Source: Teaching and Learning in Medicine - December 28, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Anthony Ali Megan Anakin Mike J. Tweed Tim J. Wilkinson Source Type: research

Profiles of perfectionism and their relations to educational outcomes in college students: The moderating role of achievement goals
This study highlights the importance of considering both students' perfectionism and achievement goals when designing programs to increase their well-being and academic success during their time at college. (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The roles of executive functioning and oral language skills in young Chinese children's arithmetic competence
This study investigated the relative contributions of executive functioning (EF) and oral language skills to performance on number-fact and story problems in Chinese children. A total of 280 kindergarten children in Hong Kong participated in this study. Children were assessed on their EF, phonological awareness, morphological awareness, receptive vocabulary, performance on number-fact and story problems. Results of path analysis showed that when children's age and parental education were controlled, children's EF, phonological awareness, and morphological awareness were correlates of performance on both number-fact and sto...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research