Can ’ t You Just Do a Hydrogen Breath Test?
Discussion Lactose is a sugar that is commonly found in dairy products. It is digested by the enzyme lactase mainly found on the brush border of the small bowel. Lactase production varies by age and genetics, with infants and young children having a generally higher amount than older children and adults, presumably as they have a more dairy-based diet. There is decreased production starting around 2-3 years of age (i.e. lactase non-persistence). Some people continue to produce lactase at the same levels as infants (i.e. lactase-persistence. “Lactase persistence (lactose tolerance) is seen predominantly in individuals...
Source: - August 14, 2023 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

What Are Some High or Low FODMAPs Foods?
Discussion FODMAPs is an acronym standing for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols. It is a diet strategy which has shown improvement for some adult patients with functional abdominal pain including some with irritable bowel syndrome. The evidence in pediatrics is murky and more well-designed studies are needed; however such studies are difficult to complete. In general, there are 3 phases to this dietary strategy: Avoidance of all high FODMAP foods for 2-6 weeks. In some adult studies there has been improvement in 1 week. Especially in the pediatric age group, some people will only res...
Source: - June 12, 2023 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Crops grown without sunlight could help feed astronauts bound for Mars
Riverside, California— For the first astronauts to visit Mars, what to eat on their 3-year mission will be one of the most critical questions. It’s not just a matter of taste. According to one recent estimate, a crew of six would require an estimated 10,000 kilograms of food for the trip. NASA—which plans to send people to Mars within 2 decades—could stuff a spacecraft with prepackaged meals and launch additional supplies to the Red Planet in advance for the voyage home. But even that wouldn’t completely solve the problem. Micronutrients, including many vitamins, break down over months and will need to...
Source: ScienceNOW - June 8, 2023 Category: Science Source Type: news

Six warning signs of ovarian cancer
Changes in bowel habits is a common sign of IBS or even lactose intolerance. But it can also be symptoms of ovarian cancer - the disease that kills 11 women on average every day in Britain. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 8, 2023 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Indigenous groups in the Amazon evolved resistance to deadly Chagas
Humans have evolved to have some remarkable superpowers. People can thrive at high altitudes, dive for long periods underwater, and even tolerate a glass of lactose-rich milk well into adulthood. Now, a new study of Indigenous peoples from the Amazon rainforest reveals one more such adaptation: a genetic resistance to the endemic parasite responsible for deadly Chagas disease. The study’s findings could help scientists develop desperately needed new therapies for the disease, which infects roughly 6 million people in Latin America and is a leading cause of death in the region. “This paper is very important,” sa...
Source: ScienceNOW - March 8, 2023 Category: Science Source Type: news

What Are Common Dietary Fermentable Carbohydrates?
Discussion Parents may often come to the pediatrician for concerns about crying and colic, increased belching, abdominal distention, increased flatulence, abdominal pain or stool changes. They complain of increased “gassiness,” which could mean any or a combination of these problems, or something different that they believe is referred to the abdomen. In newborns parents’ intolerance for crying and normal changes in the abdomen (e.g. appearing larger or smaller) may have them complain of “gassiness” but they do not mean actual belching or flatulence. In older children, parents may state that t...
Source: - January 16, 2023 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

What Causes Bloating —and What to Do About It
Bloating is an uncomfortable feeling of fullness or pressure in the abdomen. Like an overinflated balloon, a bloated belly can feel packed with air, and in some cases may be visibly enlarged or distended. Bloating is a common issue. By some estimates, up to 30% of Americans experience it from time to time. In a majority of cases, the sensation is temporary and tolerable. It may not be pleasant, but on its own it’s usually not cause for serious concern. However, bloating can also be a symptom of an underlying gastrointestinal problem or disorder, including some issues that warrant a medical provider’s urgent att...
Source: TIME: Health - January 4, 2023 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markham Heid Tags: Uncategorized Gut health healthscienceclimate Source Type: news

Mayo Clinic Q and A: All about food allergies and intolerances
DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I'm a grandmother to three wonderful grandchildren. My oldest grandchild is lactose intolerant. Recently, my youngest grandchild was diagnosed with a peanut allergy. What is the difference between food intolerance and allergy? ANSWER: Life at the dinner table is different for thousands of people in the U.S. living with a food allergy. Recent studies show that approximately 5% of children under the age of 5 and 3% of adults have food allergies. Food allergies… (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - October 31, 2022 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Coping With the Side Effects of Kidney-Cancer Treatment
Not long ago, the treatment options available to people with metastatic kidney cancer were few and feeble. Surgical removal of the affected tissue was an effective and often durable fix for people with cancer that was confined to the kidneys. But for the roughly 30% to 40% of people with kidney cancer that spreads to other parts of the body, the prognosis was dispiritingly grim. Fortunately, things are much different today. “Since the early 2000s, we’ve had a class of drugs called blood-vessel inhibitors, and these made an immediate impact,” says Dr. Primo Lara, a professor, clinician, and director of the...
Source: TIME: Health - October 27, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markham Heid Tags: Uncategorized Cancer healthscienceclimate Source Type: news

U.S. Purchases of Specialized Infant Formula Exceed Estimated Need
MONDAY, Oct. 24, 2022 -- U.S. purchases of hypoallergenic or lactose-reduced infant formula exceed estimates of medical need, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in Clinical& Experimental Allergy. Alexander J. Strzalkowski, M.D.,... (Source: - Pharma News)
Source: - Pharma News - October 24, 2022 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Reduced Lactose Baby Formula May Raise Risk of Obesity Later
Beware of infant formula you’re giving your baby. A new study showed a moderate association between low-lactose formulas made of corn syrup solids and obesity in two-, three-, and four-year-olds. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - September 8, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Reduced Lactose Baby Formula Related to Obesity Later Reduced Lactose Baby Formula Related to Obesity Later
Babies under one year who received reduced lactose formula were at risk of being obese by age 2.MDedge News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - September 7, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics News Source Type: news

Disease and Famine Drove Evolution of Lactose Tolerance
New research shows that famine and exposure to infectious diseases best explain the evolution of our ability to consume milk and other non-fermented dairy products (Source: Disabled World)
Source: Disabled World - July 31, 2022 Category: Disability Tags: Anthropology and Disabilities Source Type: news

Ancient Europeans were lactose intolerant. They drank milk anyway, study finds.
Despite digestive problems, ancient Europeans drank milk for millennia, the study found, casting doubt on theories on how humans evolved to tolerate it. (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - July 28, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Rachel Pannett Source Type: news

Prehistoric People Drank Animal Milk, Despite Lactose Intolerance
Title: Prehistoric People Drank Animal Milk, Despite Lactose IntoleranceCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/27/2022 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/28/2022 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Allergies General)
Source: MedicineNet Allergies General - July 28, 2022 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: news