Did Dr. Robert S. Kramer Conduct the First Surgical Anesthetic of the Twenty-first Century?
After American Robert Scott Kramer, M.D. (b. 1956), of Concord, New Hampshire, signed up for a 3-month stint oflocum tenens work in New Zealand, he began working in Invercargill (M āori:Waih ōpai), a town at the southern tip of South Island, New Zealand. Situated just west of the International Date Line, New Zealand was preparing to become the world ’s first industrialized nation to celebrate the arrival of Year 2000. As a non-Kiwi anesthesiologist and the low man on the totem pole (Māori:pou whenua), 43-yr-old Kramer found himself covering emergencies at Southland Hospital (above, Dr. Kramer ’s identificati...
Source: Anesthesiology - June 19, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Development of furcellaran-gelatin films with Se-AgNPs as an active packaging system for extension of mini kiwi shelf life
Publication date: September 2019Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life, Volume 21Author(s): Ewelina Jamróz, Pavel Kopel, Lesław Juszczak, Agnieszka Kawecka, Zuzana Bytesnikova, Vedran Milosavljevic, Małgorzata MakarewiczAbstractNanocomposite films were obtained by solvent casting method from aqueous solutions of furcellaran (FUR) and gelatin (GEL) with addition of various concentrations of nanoparticles (Se-AgNPs). The incorporation of Se-AgNPs gave rise to changes in the physical and mechanical properties of the nanocomposite films. The increase in the concentration of Se-AgNPs results in change of elasticity and ...
Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life - May 30, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Polymer nanoparticles integrated with excited-state intramolecular proton transfer-fluorescent modules as sensors for the detection of vitamin B1
Publication date: July 2019Source: Microchemical Journal, Volume 148Author(s): Fuchu Gong, Wu Zou, Qinge Wang, Renxing Deng, Zhong Cao, Tingting GuAbstractExcited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT)-exhibiting polymer nanoparticles (e-PNPs) were prepared using 2-hydroxy-5-methylisophthalaldehyde and melamine as reactants. These e-PNPs possess abundant aromatic o-OH, CN and NH2 groups, which are responsible for ESIPT modules and molecular recognition. Compared with small ESIPT compounds, e-PNPs displayed ultrabright luminescence and high fluorescence quantum yield owing to their rich ESIPT-chromophores and appropri...
Source: Microchemical Journal - May 30, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 1920: Feasibility of Utilizing Stable-Isotope Dimethyl Labeling in Liquid Chromatography –Tandem Mass Spectrometry-Based Determination for Food Allergens—Case of Kiwifruit
This study extended the applicability of stable-isotope dimethyl labeling to the economical and precise determination of food allergens and peptides. (Source: Molecules)
Source: Molecules - May 18, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Yi-Chen Shih Jhih-Ting Hsiao Fuu Sheu Tags: Article Source Type: research

[ASAP] Curcumin Induces Oxidative Stress in < italic toggle="yes" > Botrytis cinerea < /italic > , Resulting in a Reduction in Gray Mold Decay in Kiwifruit
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b00539 (Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry - May 16, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Chenyan Hua, Kai Kai, Wanling Bi, Wei Shi, Yongsheng Liu, Danfeng Zhang Source Type: research

Antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antiproliferative activity-based comparative study of peel and flesh polyphenols from Actinidia chinensis.
Abstract Background: Kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) peel has been always considered as useless because of the harsh taste. To promote the full utilization of kiwifruit resources it is essential to explore the nutritional benefits of kiwifruit peel. Objective: Our studies explored the difference in polyphenolic composition and biological activity including antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antiproliferative activity of the flesh and peel of kiwifruit. Design: Antioxidant activity of the extracted polyphenols of the peel and flesh of A. chinensis was checked by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, 2,2'-azino-bis3...
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - May 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alim A, Li T, Nisar T, Ren D, Zhai X, Pang Y, Yang X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Sensitive and facile colorimetric sensing strategy for ascorbic acid determination based on CoOOH nanoflakes-ABTs oxidative system
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Xian Fang, Jing Wang, Xiaoqing Cui, Yuhua Zhang, Ruifeng Zhu, Hong Zhao, Zengxi LiAbstractAscorbic acid (AA) is one of the most important vitamins and serves many physiological activities in the body. In this work, we propose a simple colorimetric sensor for the rapid detection of AA through the redox reaction between CoOOH nanoflakes and ascorbic acid with the 2, 2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) as a colorimetric signal indicator. CoOOH nanoflakes could catalytically oxidiz...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - May 5, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Immunoglobulin G4-related immune responses to common food antigens in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
CONCLUSION: Patients with IBD shows higher serum levels of IgG4 to diverse food antigens. Patients with CD present IgG4-related immune reactions to more foods than patients with UC. PMID: 31060995 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology)
Source: The Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology - May 1, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Lee HS, Lee KJ Tags: Turk J Gastroenterol Source Type: research

Genetic and cytological analyses reveal the recombination landscape of a partially differentiated plant sex chromosome in kiwifruit
Angiosperm sex chromosomes, where present, are generally recently evolved. The key step in initiating the development of sex chromosomes from autosomes is the establishment of a sex-determining locus within a ... (Source: BMC Plant Biology)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - April 30, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: S. M. Pilkington, J. Tahir, E. Hilario, S. E. Gardiner, D. Chagn é, A. Catanach, J. McCallum, L. Jesson, L. G. Fraser, M. A. McNeilage, C. Deng, R. N. Crowhurst, P. M. Datson and Q. Zhang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

An open-label extension study of ivacaftor in children with CF and a CFTR gating mutation initiating treatment at age 2 –5 years (KLIMB)
KIWI (NCT01705145) was a 24-week, single-arm, pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy study of ivacaftor in children aged 2 to 5  years with cystic fibrosis (CF) and a CFTR gating mutation. Here, we report the results of KLIMB (NCT01946412), an 84-week, open-label extension of KIWI. (Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis)
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - April 30, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Margaret Rosenfeld, Steve Cunningham, William T. Harris, Allen Lapey, Warren E. Regelmann, Gregory S. Sawicki, Kevin W. Southern, Mark Chilvers, Mark Higgins, Simon Tian, Jon Cooke, Jane C. Davies, on behalf of the KLIMB study group Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Factors affecting abundance of different stages of the endophilic tick Ixodes anatis in brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) shelters
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Natasha Bansal, Isabel Castro, David Izquierdo Acebes, William E. Pomroy, Arjane KerkhovenAbstractIxodes anatis is a species of endophilic (nidicolous) tick species parasitizing brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli). Even though they are endemic to New Zealand like their host, very little is known about these ticks or their population dynamics and relationships with their hosts. We conducted a study from May 2013 to June 2014 to evaluate the effect of shelter location (one of three gullies), habitat (forest, scrub and pasture) and type ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - April 27, 2019 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Nutritional properties and biological activities of kiwifruit (Actinidia) and kiwifruit products under simulated gastrointestinal in vitro digestion.
Conclusion: These results increased our understanding of the nutritional properties of kiwifruit and its products, providing new information and scientific recommendations to consumers for kiwifruit consumption and to producers for kiwifruit production. PMID: 31007652 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - April 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Flower-like magnetized photocatalysts accelerating an emerging pollutant removal under indoor visible light and related phenomena
This study presents the first evidence for FeOx intra-gap states on Bi2WO6- magnetized materials enhancing the Norfloxacin (NFX) degradation with respect to Bi2WO6 within acceptable times under indoor visible light (
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - April 22, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Intensive Cultivation of Kiwifruit Alters the Detrital Foodweb and Accelerates Soil C and N Losses
Mar ía del Carmen F. Lago, Pedro P. Gallego, María J. I. Briones (Source: Frontiers in Microbiology)
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 5, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of food hypersensitivity in relation to IgE sensitisation to common food allergens among the general adult population in West Sweden
ConclusionsThe prevalence of self-reported food hypersensitivity in West Sweden indicates a rising trend. The correspondence between self-reported symptoms and IgE-sensitisation to foods is generally poor, except for hazelnut and almond which exhibit moderate or fair correlation. (Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy)
Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy - April 1, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Infusions and decoctions of dehydrated fruits of Actinidia arguta and Actinidia deliciosa: Bioactivity, radical scavenging activity and effects on cells viability
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Ana Margarida Silva, Diana Pinto, Iva Fernandes, Tânia Gonçalves Albuquerque, Helena S. Costa, Vitor Freitas, Francisca Rodrigues, M. Beatriz P.P. OliveiraAbstractActinidia deliciosa and A. arguta fruits (kiwifruit and kiwiberry, respectively) are an excellent source of bioactive compounds. The aim of this paper is to valorize the fruits that are not commercialized (e.g. due to inadequate size or physical damage) in infusions and decoctions. The antioxidant activity, the scavenging activity against reactive species, the phenolic p...
Source: Food Chemistry - March 21, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

High-intensity ultrasound processing of kiwifruit juice: Effects on the ascorbic acid, total phenolics, flavonoids and antioxidant capacity
The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of high-intensity ultrasound processing (0, 4, 8, 12 and 16 min at 400 W, 25 kHz frequency) on the total phenolics, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, and antioxidant capacity of kiwifruit juice. The microstructural characteristics of treated kiwifruit samples were also measured. The results reveal that the total phenolics, flavonoids and antioxidant capacity of treated samples (16 min) significantly increased by 108.65%, 105.56%, and 65.67%, respectively compared to the control group. However, 16-min ultrasound treatment significantly decreased the total protein a...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - March 12, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Immobilization of Aspergillus quadrilineatus RSNK-1 multi-enzymatic system for fruit juice treatment and mannooligosaccharide generation
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Rahul Kumar Suryawanshi, Uttam Kumar Jana, Bhanu Pratap Prajapati, Naveen KangoAbstractAspergillus quadrilineatus RSNK-1 produced a multi-enzymatic system containing (U/gds)β-mannanase (1021), endo-xylanase (191), α-galactosidase (3.42), β-xylosidase (0.07) andβ-glucosidase (0.28) on low-cost copra meal (CM) in SSF. The enzyme preparation was covalently immobilized on aluminum oxide pellets (3 mm) under statistically optimized conditions leading to 73.17 % immobilization yield. The immobilized enzyme (Man-AOP) displayed en...
Source: Food Chemistry - March 12, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Lysozyme Coatings and 1-MCP Treatments on Storage and Preservation of Kiwifruit
In conclusion, our present results indicated that the combined treatment of lysozyme coatings and 1-MCP may be an efficient way to improve the postharvest quality and prolong the shelf life of kiwifruit. (Source: Food Chemistry)
Source: Food Chemistry - March 10, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 888: Morphology and Molecular Identification of Twelve Commercial Varieties of Kiwifruit
ang Bao Zhang The quality and safety of food are important guarantees for the health and legal rights of consumers. As an important special fruitcrop, there are frequently shoddy practices in the kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) market, which harms the interests of consumers. However, there is lack of rapid and accurate identification methods for commercial kiwifruit varieties. Here, twelve common commercial varieties of kiwifruit were morphologically discriminated. DNA barcodes of chloroplast regions psbA-trnH, rbcL, matK, rpoB, rpoC1, ycf1b, trnL and rpl32_trnL(UAG), the nuclear region At103 and intergenic region IT...
Source: Molecules - March 3, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Qiaoli Xie Hongbo Zhang Fei Yan Chunxia Yan Shuguang Wei Jianghua Lai Yunpeng Wang Bao Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research

Insights into the Draft Genome Sequence of the Kiwifruit-Associated Pathogenic Isolate Pseudomonas fluorescens AHK-1.
Abstract Pseudomonas fluorescens is a physiologically diverse species of bacteria present in many habitats, which possesses multifunctional traits that provide it with the capability to exhibit biological control activities, promote plant health or cause plant disease. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of the kiwifruit-associated pathogenic isolate AHK-1 of P. fluorescens, which was isolated from the diseased leaves of kiwifruit plants. The genome size of AHK-1 was found to be 7,035,786 bp, with a G + C content of 60.88%. It is predicted to contain a total of 6327 genes, of which 3998 w...
Source: Current Microbiology - March 1, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Zhang L, Wu Z, Wang X, Tan G, Song J Tags: Curr Microbiol Source Type: research

Evidence for a dual mechanism in the TiO2/CuxO photocatalyst during the degradation of sulfamethazine under solar or visible light: Critical issues
This study presents the photocatalytic degradation of sulfamethazine (SMT) on TiO2/CuxO nanotubes (NTs) by a differentiated mechanism under low intensity solar light and indoor visible light irradiation. In the presence of TiO2/CuxO nanotubes, the SMT-degradation was complete within 3 hours (in acid aqueous solution). The surface of the photocatalyst used was registered by scanning and transmission electron microscopy SEM/TEM. By X-ray diffraction (XRD), the anatase and rutile phases were detected in the TiO2/CuxO(1%) materials. This photocatalyst led to the fastest SMT-degradation. By X-ray photoelectron spectrosco...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - February 28, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

[ASAP] Occurrences of the Typical Agricultural Non-ionic Surfactants Tristyrylphenol Ethoxylates in Cherries ( < italic toggle="yes" > Cerasus pseudocerasus < /italic > ), Peaches ( < italic toggle="yes" > Amygdalus persica < /italic > ), and Kiwifruit ( < italic toggle="yes" > Actinidia chinensis < /italic > ) and the Implications of Human Exposure in China
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.8b06446 (Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry - February 27, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Jie Zhou, Chunmei Li, Zejun Jiang, Lufang Wang, Hang Su, Hui Li, Chao Deng, Qi Wang, Jing Wang, Fen Jin, Ruyan Hou Source Type: research

Plasma-catalytic oxidation of ethylene over zeolite-supported catalysts to improve the storage stability of agricultural products
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2019Source: Catalysis TodayAuthor(s): Y.S. Mok, S.-G. Kim, Duc Ba Nguyen, Q.H. Trinh, H.W. Lee, S.B. KimAbstractThis work involved an investigation of the plasma-catalytic process, which consists of two steps: repeated cycles of adsorption to concentrate the ethylene and plasma catalysis to decompose the adsorbed ethylene. Investigations showed that the Pd/ZSM-5 catalytic adsorbent, which is prepared by an ion-exchange method, was found to be capable of efficiently adsorbing highly volatile ethylene, even under the humid conditions prevalent in agricultural facilities. The con...
Source: Catalysis Today - February 25, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

A Peptide from Kiwifruit Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Effects in Celiac Disease Mucosa
. (Source: Journal of the American College of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of the American College of Nutrition - February 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ilaria Russo Chiara Del Giorno Ivana Giangrieco Najla Hajji Maria Antonietta Ciardiello Paola Iovino Carolina Ciacci Source Type: research

Application and future perspective of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing in fruit crops.
Abstract Fruit crops, including apple, orange, grape, banana, strawberry, watermelon, kiwifruit and tomato, not only provide essential nutrient for human life but also contribute to major agricultural output and economic growth of many countries and regions in the world. Recent advancement in genome editing provides an unprecedented opportunity for the genetic improvement of these agronomically important fruit crops. Here, we summarize recent reports of applying CRISPR/Cas9 to fruit crops, including efforts to reduce disease susceptibility, change plant architecture or flower morphology, improve fruit quality trai...
Source: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology - February 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Zhou J, Li D, Wang G, Wang F, Kunjal M, Joldersma D, Liu Z Tags: J Integr Plant Biol Source Type: research

(Ultra) High Pressure Homogenization Potential on the Shelf-Life and Functionality of Kiwifruit Juice
Francesca Patrignani, Cinzia Mannozzi, Silvia Tappi, Urszula Tylewicz, Federica Pasini, Vincenzo Castellone, Ylenia Riciputi, Pietro Rocculi, Santina Romani, Maria Fiorenza Caboni, Fausto Gardini, Rosalba Lanciotti, Marco Dalla Rosa (Source: Frontiers in Microbiology)
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - February 19, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Molecularly imprinted polymers coated CdTe quantum dots with controllable particle size for fluorescent determination of p-coumaric acid.
Abstract A facile and sensitive fluorescent sensor based on coating molecularly imprinted polymers onto the surface of CdTe quantum dots (CdTe-QDs@MIPs) was successfully fabricated for selective determination of p-coumaric acid (pCA) for the first time by the strategy of charge transfer principle. MIPs layer was synthesized by one-pot sol-gel reaction using 3-(aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APTES) as functional monomer and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) as crosslinker. Controllable particle size of CdTe-QDs@MIPs was formed by simply adjusting the polymerization time. Smaller particle size (about 56 nm) at polyme...
Source: Talanta - January 28, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Long R, Li T, Tong C, Wu L, Shi S Tags: Talanta Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 461: Extraction Optimization, Physicochemical Characteristics, and Antioxidant Activities of Polysaccharides from Kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis Planch.)
Shu-Qing Li Wen Qin In order to evaluate effects of extraction techniques on the physicochemical characteristics and antioxidant activities of kiwifruit polysaccharides (KPS), and further explore KPS as functional food ingredients, both microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) were optimized for the extraction of KPS. Furthermore, the physicochemical structures and antioxidant activities of KPS extracted by different techniques were investigated. The optimal extraction conditions of UAE and MAE for the extraction of KPS were obtained by response surface methodology. Different ext...
Source: Molecules - January 28, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Qiao-Hong Han Wen Liu Hong-Yi Li Jing-Liu He Huan Guo Shang Lin Li Zhao Hong Chen Yao-Wen Liu Ding-Tao Wu Shu-Qing Li Wen Qin Tags: Article Source Type: research

Construction of a kiwifruit yeast two-hybrid cDNA library to identify host targets of the Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae effector AvrPto5
Bacterial canker is a destructive disease of kiwifruit caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa). To understand the disease-causing mechanism of Psa, a kiwifruit yeast two-hy... (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - January 28, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Karthikeyan Dharmaraj, Wei Cui, Erik H. A. Rikkerink and Matthew D. Templeton Tags: Research note Source Type: research

Difference of resistance to postharvest blue mold between Hongyang and Qihong kiwifruits
This study aimed to reveal the physiological mechanism of resistance to postharvest blue mold of kiwifruit. Hongyang and Qihong kiwifruits were inoculated with Penicillium expansum (P. expansum) and stored at low temperature (0 ± 1 °C). The disease incidence and lesion diameter, activities of defense-related enzymes, and contents of defense-related substance of Hongyang and Qihong kiwifruits were also compared, combined with the observation of fruit pericarp structure by scanning electron microscopy. Results showed that the disease resistance of Hongyang was stronger than that of Qihong with late onset, low inci...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 25, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Physicochemical, functional and nutritional properties of kiwifruit flour
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2019Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Dongxing Li, Fan ZhuAbstractStarch-rich kiwifruit was made into flour to manage the culled kiwifruit from harvesting and for potential value added processing. Physicochemical properties of the flours made from starchy (unripe)/starch-less (eating-ripe) kiwifruit (‘Hayward’ and Gold3) were studied and compared to those of traditional flours (potato, maize and wheat). Contents of total dietary fiber and free phenolics and in vitro antioxidant capacities of kiwifruit flour were significantly higher than those of potato, maize an...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - January 24, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effect of kiwifruit on metabolic health in patients with cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis
(Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy)
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - January 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 419: Ripeness Prediction of Postharvest Kiwifruit Using a MOS E-Nose Combined with Chemometrics
This study demonstrated that E-nose could be a comprehensive approach to predict the ripeness of postharvest kiwifruit through aroma volatiles. (Source: Sensors)
Source: Sensors - January 21, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Dongdong Du Jun Wang Bo Wang Luyi Zhu Xuezhen Hong Tags: Article Source Type: research

Actinidia arguta (Hardy Kiwi) Root Extract Exerts Anti-cancer Effects via Mcl-1-Mediated Apoptosis in Cholangiocarcinoma
. (Source: Nutrition and Cancer)
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - January 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Xiangxuan Zhao Feng Wen Wei Wang Zaiming Lu Qiyong Guo Source Type: research

Actinidia arguta (Hardy Kiwi) Root Extract Exerts Anti-cancer Effects via Mcl-1-Mediated Apoptosis in Cholangiocarcinoma.
This study evaluated the potential anti-cancer effects of an ethanol extract from the Actinidia arguta (Hardy Kiwi) root (RAE) on CCA. Our data demonstrated that RAE decreased cell viability and induced apoptosis by activation of Caspase 3, Caspase 8, and Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in two CCA cell lines. RAE induced a decrease in Mcl-1 in cultured CCA cells and in xenograft CCA tumors. Administration of RAE every other day led to significant growth inhibition in tumor burden xenograft CCA mice. Western blotting analysis of paired human CCA and normal adjacent tissues from the same patient revealed that CCA tissues...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - January 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Zhao X, Wen F, Wang W, Lu Z, Guo Q Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research

Actinidia arguta (Hardy Kiwi) Root Extract Exerts Anti-cancer Effects via Mcl-1-Mediated Apoptosis in Cholangiocarcinoma
. (Source: Nutrition and Cancer)
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - January 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Xiangxuan Zhao Feng Wen Wei Wang Zaiming Lu Qiyong Guo Source Type: research

High-level expression and characterization of a novel aspartic protease from Talaromyces leycettanus JCM12802 and its potential application in juice clarification
In this study, a novel aspartic protease gene (Tlap) was identified in Talaromyces leycettanus JCM12802 and heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris. Using casein as the substrate, purified recombinant TlAP showed optimal activities at pH 3.0 and 55 °C with a specific activity of 1795.4 ± 62.8 U/mg, and remained stable over a pH range of 3.0–6.0 and at temperatures of 45 °C and below. Moreover, the enzyme was highly resistant to most metal ions and chemical reagents except for Fe3+ and β-mercaptoethanol. When added to apple, orange, grape and kiwi fruit juice, it showed excellent proteolytic ac...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 3, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

In vitro studies on anti-inflammatory activities of kiwifruit peel extract in human THP-1 monocytes
ConclusionsThe reported findings demonstrated a strong and broad anti-inflammatory profile of the kiwifruit peel extract, which makes it a promising preventive and therapeutic natural ingredient for nutraceutical, cosmetic and pharmaceutical formulations to counteract multiple inflammatory disorders.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - December 30, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Kiwifruit seed oil prevents obesity by regulating inflammation, thermogenesis, and gut microbiota in high-fat diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice.
Abstract Obesity is considered as a chronic disease which seriously affecting people's health and daily life. Kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis Planch) seed oil (KSO), as a by-product of kiwifruit processing, is rich in fatty acids. Conventional wisdom holds that KSO has many health benefits, but there is no scientific basis. Here, the relieving effects of KSO on obesity and its potential mechanism were investigated in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced C57BL/6 mice. Mice were divided into four groups: ND (normal diet); HFD; L-KSO and H-KSO (HFD supplemented with 1.0 and 3.0 mL/kg·bw of KSO per day, respectively). ...
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - December 28, 2018 Category: Food Science Authors: Qu L, Liu Q, Zhang Q, Tuo X, Fan D, Deng J, Yang H Tags: Food Chem Toxicol Source Type: research

Putative mechanisms of kiwifruit on maintenance of normal gastrointestinal function
(Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition)
Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition - December 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bayer, Simone Birgit Gearry, Richard Blair Drummond, Lynley Ngaio Source Type: research

UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS-based phenolic quantification and antioxidant activity assessment for thinned young kiwifruits
Publication date: Available online 19 December 2018Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Yang Jiao, Donglin Chen, Mingtao Fan, Siew Young QuekAbstractFor the first time, thinned young kiwifruits (TYK) have been investigated as a source of deserted agriculture resource and evaluated for their phenolic characteristics along with antioxidant capacity. Two batches of TYK in different maturity stages (TYK1 and TYK2) and mature kiwifruits (MK) were sourced from three New Zealand cultivars. Comparing with MK, the TYK, especially TYK1, exhibited significantly higher contents of total phenolics (7.92 fold), total flavonoids (17.56 fold)...
Source: Food Chemistry - December 23, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Low-cost and environment-friendly synthesis of carbon nanorods assembled hierarchical meso-macroporous carbons networks aerogels from natural apples for the electrochemical determination of ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide.
Abstract In this work, the low-cost carbon nanorods assembled hierarchical meso-macroporous carbons networks aerogels (CNs-HMCNAs) was environment-friendly synthesized from a cheap and abundant biomass of apples (Malus pumila Mill) for the first time. The biomass of apples derived CNs-HMCNAs exhibited the unique hierarchical meso-macroporous structure with large specific surface area and high density of edge defective sites. At the CNs-HMCNAs modified GCE (CNs-HMCNAs/GCE), the electron transfer between the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and the ascorbic acid (AA) (or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)) was effectively enhanc...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - December 22, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Wang N, Hei Y, Liu J, Sun M, Sha T, Hassan M, Bo X, Guo Y, Zhou M Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research

Ozone-induced inhibition of kiwifruit ripening is amplified by 1-methylcyclopropene and reversed by exogenous ethylene
Understanding the mechanisms involved in climacteric fruit ripening is key to improve fruit harvest quality and postharvest performance. Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. ‘Hayward’) ripening involves a series of... (Source: BMC Plant Biology)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - December 17, 2018 Category: Biology Authors: Ioannis S. Minas, Georgia Tanou, Afroditi Krokida, Evangelos Karagiannis, Maya Belghazi, Miltiadis Vasilakakis, Kalliope K. Papadopoulou and Athanassios Molassiotis Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Kiwifruit seed oil ameliorates inflammation and hepatic fat metabolism in high-fat diet-induced obese mice
Publication date: January 2019Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 52Author(s): Linlin Qu, Qingqing Liu, Qi Zhang, Dan Liu, Chao Zhang, Daidi Fan, Jianjun Deng, Haixia YangAbstractThe aim of this study is to investigate the effect of kiwifruit seed oil (KSO) on inflammation and hepatic fat metabolism in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced C57BL/6 obese mice for 12 consecutive weeks by oral intervention. The results showed that KSO supplementation inhibited the body weight gain, decreased fasting blood glucose and insulin levels, and alleviated glucose and insulin tolerance in obese mice. KSO supplementation reduced the hepa...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - December 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Development of a model for food waste composting.
Abstract Worldwide, large amounts of food are wasted every year. Reducing of food waste at European level is taken very seriously and it has been adopted even a target of reducing the amount of food waste in half until 2030. In many countries of the European Union, food wastes are composted, while in countries like Romania, the composting is too little used or not at all, but efforts are being made to apply this process. Food waste composting should take place both at the composting plants and housing level. An important step before starting the composting process is to establish an appropriate recipe. Therefore, ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - December 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ghinea C, Apostol LC, Prisacaru AE, Leahu A Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Adaptation over time of intestinal fermentation in the growing pig is influenced by the amount of kiwifruit consumed.
PMID: 30526724 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Montoya CA, Henare SJ, Zhu P, Rutherfurd SM, Moughan PJ Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Histone modification and activation by SOC1-like and drought stress-related transcription factors may regulate AcSVP2 expression during kiwifruit winter dormancy
In this study, we used a low-chill kiwifruit Actinidia chinensis ‘Hort16A’ to further study the function and regulation of AcSVP2. Overexpression of AcSVP2 in transgenic A. chinensis delayed budbreak in spring. A reduction in the active trimethylation histone marks of the histone H3K4 and acetylation of histone H3 contributed to the reduction of AcSVP2 expression towards dormancy release, while the inactive histone marks of trimethylation of the histone H3K27 and H3K9 in AcSVP2 locus did not show significant enrichment at the end of winter dormancy. Analysis of expression in shoot buds showed that AcSVP2 transc...
Source: Plant Science - December 6, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

[ASAP] Au Core –Pd Shell Bimetallic Nanoparticles Immobilized within Hyper-Cross-Linked Polystyrene for Mechanistic Study of Suzuki Cross-Coupling: Homogeneous or Heterogeneous Catalysis?
Organic Process Research& DevelopmentDOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.8b00272 (Source: Organic Process Research and Development)
Source: Organic Process Research and Development - November 28, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Nadezhda A. Nemygina, Linda Zh. Nikoshvili, Irina Yu. Tiamina, Alexey V. Bykov, Ilia S. Smirnov, Thomas LaGrange, Zbigniew Kaszkur, Valentina G. Matveeva, Esther M. Sulman, Lioubov Kiwi-Minsker Source Type: research