Meet the Algae That Went from Male/Female to Hermaphroditic
A study suggests that several species of brown algae may have independently evolved to express both sexes simultaneously, and it’s likely that female algae evolved male traits—not the other way around. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - August 1, 2022 Category: Science Tags: The Literature Magazine Issue Source Type: news

Destruction and recovery of kelp forests driven by changes in sea urchin behavior
A dramatic outbreak of kelp-eating purple sea urchins along the Central Coast of California in 2014, leading to a significant reduction in the region ' s kelp forests, was driven primarily by the emergence of sea urchins from their hiding places rather … (Source: NSF News)
Source: NSF News - July 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: NSF Source Type: news

Kelp is on the way: Why we should all be eating seaweed
When most of us read the words "plant-based diet," we tend to think of foods such as kale salads and grain bowls or trendy meat replacement brands. But there's one nonmeat option that's gaining traction as the newest superfood: seaweed. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - July 21, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

‘Inspiring to see’: scientists show how forests of kelp can potentially be brought back to life
Tasmania ’s giant kelp has all but vanished, but worldwide restoration efforts provide hope the precious habitats can be rejuvenatedGet ourfree news app,morning email briefing anddaily news podcastThe thick underwater forests off Tasmania ’s east coast used to be so dense they were marked as shipping hazards on nautical charts. Thriving stands of giant kelp, which grows up to 40 metres high, once provided habitat for fur seals, seahorses, weedy sea dragons, rock lobsters, abalone and fish.Since the 1960s, Tasmania ’s giant kelp has all but vanished. Despite the rapid speed at which the brown algae grows – up to hal...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 16, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Donna Lu Tags: Marine life Tasmania Australia news Environment Wildlife Source Type: news

Towards balance assessment using Openpose - Li B, Williamson J, Kelp N, Dick T, Bo APL.
The ability to assess balance is essential to determine a patients ability to mitigate any risk of falling. While current assessment tools exist, they either have limitations in that there is no quantitative data recorded, or that they are impractical for ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Op-Ed: Send in the sea otters to help save California's North Coast
Kelp forests north of the Golden Gate are in dire shape. The return of the sea otter could help bring them back to life. (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - August 8, 2021 Category: Science Authors: David Helvarg Source Type: news

Complexity yields simplicity: The shifting dynamics of temperate marine ecosystems
(University of Tsukuba) Researchers from the University of Tsukuba find that the combined effects of ocean warming and acidification in temperate marine ecosystems are resulting in a loss of kelp habitat and a shift to a simple turf-dominated ecosystem. Such changes will lead to a loss of the ecosystem services provided by productive macroalgal forests or tropicalized coral-dominated reefs. These results highlight the need for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 16, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Kelp for corn? Illinois scientists demystify natural products for crops
(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) Corn growers can choose from a wide array of products to make the most of their crop, but the latest could bring seaweed extract to a field near you. The marine product is just one class in a growing market of crop biostimulants marketed for corn. Biostimulants benefit crops and soil, but the dizzying array of products has farmers confused, according to Fred Below, corn and soybean researcher at the University of Illinois. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 15, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

UConn researchers find health benefits of connecticut-grown sugar kelp
(University of Connecticut) In a paper published in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, the researchers reported significant findings supporting the nutritional benefits of Connecticut-grown sugar kelp. They found brown sugar kelp (Saccharina latissima) inhibits hepatic inflammation and fibrosis in a mouse model of diet-induced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a fatty liver disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

‘A Year Full of Emotions.’ What Kids Learned From the COVID-19 Pandemic
Too many young generations have been shaped by the global crises they faced—Depression-era poverty, Cold War nuclear fears. Add to them the COVID generation. The virus itself may typically go easier on kids than it does adults, but the mind of a child is another thing. It’s dependent on certainty, safety, the comfort of routine. Take all of that away—shutter schools, keep grandparents at a distance, cancel summer camps—and kids suffer. But as the following lightly-edited stories from young people show, they also grow and learn, gain maturity and wisdom. The virus has been tough; plenty of kids, it t...
Source: TIME: Health - June 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger and Allison Singer Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Hidden diversity
(University of California - Santa Barbara) The ocean is a big place with many deep, dark mysteries. Humans have mapped no more than 20% of the sea, and explored less. Even the kelp forests of Southern California -- among the best studied patches of ocean on the planet -- hide species not yet described by science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - May 17, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

The sea urchin microbiome
(University of California - Santa Barbara) Sea urchins receive a lot of attention in California. Red urchins support a thriving fishery, while their purple cousins are often blamed for mowing down kelp forests to create urchin barrens. Yet for all the notice we pay them, we know surprisingly little about the microbiomes that support these spiny species. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 6, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Kelp Pathogen Has Spread Across the Southern Ocean
Scientists suspect the gall-forming protist Maullinia hitches a ride on kelp rafts to reach new host populations at far-flung sites. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - April 5, 2021 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

In Hotter Climate, 'Zombie' Urchins Are Winning And Kelp Forests Are Losing
Kelp forests along Northern California have almost vanished. Divers and scientists are racing to stop purple sea urchins from taking over critical habitat.(Image credit: Steve Lonhart / NOAA MBNMS) (Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - March 31, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lauren Sommer Source Type: news