Osteochondroma formation after avulsion fracture of anterior inferior iliac spine: A case report.
CONCLUSION: This is a rare case to demonstrate relevant previous trauma history prior to the formation of osteochondroma. PMID: 32904027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - September 10, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Lumbar and cervical viscoelastic disc replacement: Concepts and current experience.
Authors: Lazennec JY Abstract The ideal lumbar and cervical discs should provide six degrees of freedom and tri-planar (three-dimensional) motion. Although all artificial discs are intended to achieve the same goals, there is considerable heterogeneity in the design of lumbar and cervical implants. The "second generation total disc replacements" are non-articulating viscoelastic implants aiming at the reconstruction of physiologic levels of shock absorption and flexural stiffness. This review aims to give an overview of the available implants detailing the concepts and the functional results experimentall...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - September 10, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Target-based approach for osteoarthritis treatment.
Authors: de Campos GC, Tieppo AM, de Almeida CS, Hamdan PC, Alves WM, de Rezende MU Abstract There is still no definitive treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). We are certainly far from a consensus on the best form of treatment or on an effective treatment recommendation. There are reasons for the current equivocal treatment recommendations in the face of this very serious health problem. The greatest of these reasons, undoubtedly, is the great complexity of the factors involved in the development and progression of knee OA and the complex pathophysiology including mechanical, inflammatory, metabolic, post-trauma...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - June 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Role of pulsed electromagnetic fields after joint replacements.
Authors: Lullini G, Cammisa E, Setti S, Sassoli I, Zaffagnini S, Marcheggiani Muccioli GM Abstract Although the rate of patients reporting satisfaction is generally high after joint replacement surgery, up to 23% after total hip replacement and 34% after total knee arthroplasty of treated subjects report discomfort or pain 1 year after surgery. Moreover, chronic or subacute inflammation is reported in some cases even a long time after surgery. Another open and debated issue in prosthetic surgery is implant survivorship, especially when related to good prosthesis bone ingrowth. Pulsed Electro Magnetic Fields (PEMFs)...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - June 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Tibial tubercle osteotomy in revision total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: The current systematic review supports the use of TTO in RTKA, as it is associated with high union rate, significant improvement in knee motion and low osteotomy-related complication risk that rarely leads to secondary tibial tubercle procedures. PMID: 32572366 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - June 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Role of the Ilizarov non-free bone plasty in the management of long bone defects and nonunion: Problems solved and unsolved.
CONCLUSION: The role of Ilizarov non-free bone plasty has not lost its significance in the treatment of segmental bone defects despite the shortcomings and treatment problems encountered. PMID: 32572367 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - June 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Mobile phones in the orthopedic operating room: Microbial colonization and antimicrobial resistance.
CONCLUSION: Mobile phones belonging to health care workers are frequently contaminated with pathogenic bacteria with the potential of transferring drug resistance to nosocomial pathogens. Studies investigating the relationship to surgical site infections need to be conducted. The concept of "mobile hygiene" involving the change of mobile covers, replacement of cracked screens or even wiping the phone with an alcohol swab could yield the cost-effective balance that contaminated cell phones deserve until they are established as a direct cause of surgical site infections. PMID: 32477902 [PubMed] (Source: World J...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - June 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Impact of gender and race on expectations and outcomes in total knee arthroplasty.
Authors: Perez BA, Slover J, Edusei E, Horan A, Anoushiravani A, Kamath AF, Nelson CL Abstract BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty is one of the most common surgeries performed in the United States with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) being one of the most successful surgeries for restoring function and diminishing pain. Even with the demonstrated success of TKA and a higher prevalence of arthritis and arthritis related disability among minorities, racial and gender disparity remains a constant issue in providing care for the adult reconstruction patient. AIM: To assess the role of demographics and expectations ...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - June 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Role of shoulder gradient in the pathogenesis of rotator cuff tears.
CONCLUSION: Shoulder gradient is not associated with the pathology of RCT. Yet, future studies with more standardization and a larger sample size are needed to investigate the role of shoulder gradient in RCT pathogenesis further. PMID: 32405469 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - May 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Day case vs inpatient total shoulder arthroplasty: A retrospective cohort study and cost-effectiveness analysis.
Authors: Borakati A, Ali A, Nagaraj C, Gadikoppula S, Kurer M Abstract BACKGROUND: Day case total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) is a novel approach, not widely practiced in Europe. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients comparing elective day case and inpatient TSAs in our United Kingdom centre. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of day case TSA compared to standard inpatient total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: All patients undergoing TSA between January 2017 and July 2018 were included. Outcome measures were: Change in abduction and extension 3 mo postoperatively; 30-d post...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - May 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Analysis of orthopedic surgical procedures in children with cerebral palsy.
Authors: Rehbein I, Teske V, Pagano I, Cúneo A, Pérez ME, von Heideken J Abstract BACKGROUND: Orthopedic surgery in children with cerebral palsy (CP) aims to improve function and prevent deformities. Each child's condition in CP is unique and many co-variables influence surgical decision-making including a patient's age and their functional level. Little is known about the frequency of different types of orthopedic surgery in children with CP who have varied functional levels, particularly in countries from Latin America. AIM: To assess the type of orthopedic surgical procedures in relation to age...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - May 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Total hip replacement using MINIMA ® short stem: A short-term follow-up study.
CONCLUSION: The clinical and radiological results concerning the MINIMA® short stem are excellent according to this first report of this specific design of the short femoral stems. Because of the small number of cases and short-term follow-up of this study, a longer follow up time and more patients' enrollment is required. PMID: 32405472 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - May 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Kitesurf injury trauma evaluation study: A prospective cohort study evaluating kitesurf injuries.
CONCLUSION: The injury rate of kitesurfing is in the range of other popular (contact) sports. Most injuries are relatively mild, although kitesurfing has the potential to cause serious injuries. PMID: 32405473 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - May 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Distraction arthroplasty in osteoarthritis of the foot and ankle.
Authors: Dabash S, Buksbaum JR, Fragomen A, Rozbruch SR Abstract Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is a complex and painful problem in the foot and ankle. Ninety percent of osteoarthritis cases in the foot and ankle can be classified as post-traumatic. PTOA can affect any of the 33 joints in the foot and the ankle. Distraction arthroplasty is a method for treatment of early arthritic joints without fusing or replacing them and its effectiveness has been well documented. The purpose of this case series is to present our successful experiences and positive results using distraction arthroplasty to treat PTOA in th...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - April 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Lumbar interspinous pressure pain threshold values for healthy young men and women and the effect of prolonged fully flexed lumbar sitting posture: An observational study.
Authors: Petersson M, Abbott A Abstract BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common condition with large burden worldwide. Exposure to prolonged sitting with a flexed lumbar posture has been suggested in the literature to be a potential risk factor for self-reported LBP. No study has previously investigated whether exposure to prolonged flexed sitting posture provokes discomfort/pain and decreased interspinous pressure pain thresholds for healthy young men and women without back pain, despite this being a suggested risk factor for LBP. AIM: To investigate whether sitting in a prolonged flexed lumbar posture pro...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - April 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Observational study of a new modular femoral revision system.
CONCLUSION: The early results of the ARCOS are promising compared with similar studies. We encourage the use of the BS combination whenever the bone stock proximally is adequate. PMID: 32280606 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - April 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Analysis of electrocautery smoke released from the tissues frequently cut in orthopedic surgeries.
CONCLUSION: Meniscus and muscle tissue are associated with the highest number of toxic and/or carcinogenic VOCs. Therefore, we recommend that surgeons avoiding the electrocautery of these tissues. PMID: 32280607 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - April 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Systematic review of the etiology behind patellar clunk syndrome.
CONCLUSION: The etiology of PCS is multifactorial, owing to the growing metrics that have associations with its incidence. This conclusion is validated by the significance of prosthesis design as the most likely parameter involved in developing PCS since different prosthesis designs are often the result of different parameters. Future studies should be directed at isolating individual prosthetic parameters of prosthesis designs in order to determine what permutation of parameters is most closely associated with the development of PCS. PMID: 32280608 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - April 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Atraumatic groin pain secondary to an aneurysmal bone cyst: A case report and literature review.
CONCLUSION: This patient has had an uncomplicated post-operative course, has returned to comfortable weight bearing and will be reviewed for minimum 5 yr in the out-patient setting to monitor for reoccurrence. PMID: 32280609 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - April 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Orthopaedic care provided by the 14th combat support hospital in support of humanitarian and disaster relief after hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico.
Authors: Lanham N, Bockelman K, Lopez F, Serra MM, Scanlan B Abstract On September 20, 2017 Hurricane Maria, a category 4 hurricane, made landfall on the eastern coast of Puerto Rico. This was preceded by Hurricane Irma, a category 5 hurricane, which passed just off the coast 13 d prior. The destruction from both Hurricane Irma and Maria precipitated a coordinated federal response which included the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the United States military. The United States Army dispatched the 14th Combat Support Hospital (CSH) to Humacao, a city on the eastern side of the island where Maria made l...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Revision total hip arthroplasty: An analysis of the quality and readability of information on the internet.
Authors: Sheridan GA, O'Brien C, Masri BA, Duncan CP, Garbuz DS Abstract The demand for revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasing. Information quality on the internet has been extensively analysed in relation to primary THA but no such analysis has ever been performed for revision THA. Our aim was to assess the quality and readability of this information. Three major internet search engines were searched for information on revision THA. All websites were assessed for quality of information using the DISCERN score, the Journal of the American Medical Association benchmark criteria and a novel scoring syste...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Postoperative delirium after major orthopedic surgery.
Authors: Urban MK, Sasaki M, Schmucker AM, Magid SK Abstract BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is one of the most common complications in older adult patients undergoing elective surgery. Few studies have compared, within the same institution, the type of surgery, risk factors and type of anesthesia and analgesia associated with the development of POD. AIM: To investigate the following three questions: (1) What is the incidence of POD after non-ambulatory orthopedic surgery at a high-volume orthopedic specialty hospital? (2) Does surgical procedure influence incidence of POD after non-ambulatory orthoped...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Epidemiology and injury patterns of aerial sports in Switzerland.
CONCLUSION: Paragliders are most commonly affected, although the highest injury severities were identified for Building, Antenna, Span and Earth-jumping athletes. First responders, treating physicians and pilots should be aware of the risk for potentially serious and life-threatening injury with an in-hospital mortality of 0.9%. PMID: 32190554 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Pseudotumor recurrence in a post-revision total hip arthroplasty with stem neck modularity: A case report.
CONCLUSION: This case of post-revision pseudotumor recurrence elucidates attributable patient, surgical, and implant factors with a discussion of diagnostics, management, and prognosis for patients with pseudotumor in non-metal-on-metal arthroplasty constructs. PMID: 32190555 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Rupture of the long head of the biceps brachii tendon near the musculotendinous junction in a young patient: A case report.
In conclusion, surgical treatment of the long head of the biceps brachii tendon rupture with unicortical button tenodesis resulted in a favorable outcome in a young athlete. PMID: 32190556 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Cleft foot: A case report and review of literature.
CONCLUSION: The possibility of dosed control and stable fixation of the foot rays made it possible to create favorable conditions for the healing of the central wound and the closure of the segment splitting without complications. The long-term outcome of the treatment of foot congenital splitting using the proposed Ilizarov apparatus arrangement has shown its effectiveness. Our approach should be considered as an option of treatment in similar cases. PMID: 32190557 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Minimally invasive tenodesis for peroneus longus tendon rupture: A case report and review of literature.
CONCLUSION: Peroneus longus tendon tenodesis can be performed through a less invasive approach with preservation of the lateral soft tissue integrity. PMID: 32190558 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - March 20, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Patents and intellectual property in orthopaedics and arthroplasty.
Authors: Uzoigwe CE, Shoaib A Abstract The provision of musculoskeletal services comes at a cost. This is, in part, due to the expense of patent-protected orthopaedic implants. However, patents have a finite lifespan. Patents of the most successful implants are now beginning to expire. They will be exposed to competition from generic but equivalent implants. The net effect is potentially a dramatic diminution in cost. One company, Orthimo, has taken advantage of this and begun manufacturing generic implants with identical design specifications to the most bio-durable hip prostheses. This will ultimately have a radi...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Double-row repair of rotator cuff tears: Comparing tendon contact area between techniques.
CONCLUSION: In the technique of double-row repair, using a 3-suture anchor configuration may offer a non-inferior alternative to the standard 4-anchor construct in terms of efficacy. This may also result in overall cost reduction and shorter surgical time. PMID: 31966965 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

National trends in total hip arthroplasty for traumatic hip fractures: An analysis of a nationwide all-payer database.
Authors: Boniello AJ, Lieber AM, Denehy K, Cavanaugh P, Kerbel YE, Star A Abstract BACKGROUND: Hemiarthroplasty (HA) has traditionally been the treatment of choice for elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fractures. Ideal treatment for younger, ambulatory patients is not as clear. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been increasingly utilized in this population however the factors associated with undergoing HA or THA have not been fully elucidated. AIM: To examine what patient characteristics are associated with undergoing THA or HA. To determine if outcomes differ between the groups. METHODS: We queri...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Corrections in alpha angle following two different operative approaches for CAM-type femoral acetabular impingement - Ganz surgical hip dislocation vs anterior mini-open.
CONCLUSION: Statistically significant decreases in alpha angle were noted for both surgical techniques, with larger decreases seen in the anterior mini-open group. PMID: 31966967 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Good accuracy of the alpha-defensin lateral flow test for hip periprosthetic joint infection: A pilot study in a retrospective cohort of 52 patients.
CONCLUSION: Overall test accuracy of the ADLF test was good in this cohort, with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 89%. Using different PJI definition criteria, sensitivity and specificity changed slightly but overall accuracy remained around 90%. Using the ADLF test in metallosis cases can result in false positive results and should be performed with caution. PMID: 31966968 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Effect of deep transverse friction massage vs stretching on football players' performance.
CONCLUSION: Static stretching is showing to be superior to the other techniques used, regarding gaining long-term extensibility and short-term maximal muscle strength. In addition, DTFM showed improvements but did not outweigh the effects on footballers' performance when comparing it to static and dynamic techniques. Finally, no difference between the interventions is recorded regarding the rate of muscle injuries incidence. PMID: 31966969 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Use of three-dimensional printing in preoperative planning in orthopaedic trauma surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the use of 3D printing in pre-operative planning in orthopaedic trauma reduces operative time, intraoperative blood loss and the number of times fluoroscopy is used. PMID: 31966970 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Rapid spontaneous resolution of lumbar ganglion cysts: A case report.
CONCLUSION: Spontaneous resolution of lumbar ganglion is very rare and only 26 cases, including ours, were reported in literature. Different degrees of biomechanical impairment seem to play a fundamental role in the pathogenesis. Related symptoms are essentially represented by low back and/or radicular pain, without significant neurological disorders. Anti-inflammatory drugs, light unloading exercises and brace could be recommended to administrated pain and decrease facet loads. Mean time for clinical improvement was 7 mo, while MRI disappearance occurred in an average time of 11 mo. Therefore, surgery should be applied wh...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 23, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Impact of dental clearance on total joint arthroplasty: A systematic review.
Authors: Frey C, Navarro SM, Blackwell T, Lidner C, Del Schutte H Abstract Many orthopedic surgeons require that their patients obtain dental clearance before elective total joint arthroplasty (TJA). However, there is no consensus substantiating the practice. To this end, a systematic review on the prevalence of dental pathology in TJA patients, risk factors for failing dental screening, and impact of dental evaluations was performed. Literature was sourced from PubMed and Scopus databases. Six papers were sourced from the initial search, one study was extracted from the references of the original six manuscripts, ...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Pilot study of a novel serum mRNA gene panel for diagnosis of acute septic arthritis.
CONCLUSION: In this pilot study, SMS showed a high level of diagnostic accuracy in predicting septic joints compared to other diagnostic biomarkers. This quick blood test could be an important tool for early, accurate identification of acute septic joints and need for emergent surgery, improving clinical care and healthcare spending. PMID: 31908991 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Effect of clopidogrel in bone healing-experimental study in rabbits.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that maintenance of perioperative clopidogrel treatment does not negatively affect bone healing but rather promotes it. Further research is needed in order to find useful applications of this finding. PMID: 31908992 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using a double bundle hamstring autograft configuration in patients under 30 years.
Authors: Lim CR, Henson T, Ebert J, Annear P Abstract BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) has a high incidence of re-tear in younger patients. Despite comparable functional outcomes, the incidence of re-tear using single and double bundle ACLR methods has not been well reported. AIM: To hypothesize that double bundle hamstring ACLR has a lower graft rupture rate compared with single bundle hamstring ACLR grafts in young patients. METHODS: One hundred and twelve patients
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Factors associated with trigger digit following carpal tunnel release.
CONCLUSION: Patient comorbidities do not influence the development of trigger digit following CTR. Markedly, gender differences for postoperative trigger digit may depend on surgical approach to CTR. PMID: 31908994 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - January 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Evaluating learning and change in orthopaedics: What is the evidence-base?
Authors: Valsamis EM, Sukeik M Abstract Learning and change are key elements of clinical governance and are responsible for the progression of our specialty. Although orthopaedics has been slow to embrace quality improvement, recent years have seen global developments in surgical education, quality improvement, and patient outcome research. This review covers recent advances in the evaluation of learning and change and identifies the most important research questions that remain unanswered. Research into proxies of learning is improving but more work is required to identify the best proxy for a given procedure. Lea...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - December 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Epidemiology of syndactyly in New York State.
CONCLUSION: Syndactyly occurs in approximately 7 per 10000 live births, and the majority of patients undergo surgical correction before age two. There may be several barriers to care including the availability of specialized hand surgeons, access to teaching hospitals, and insurance status. PMID: 31840019 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - December 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Magnetically controlled growing instrumentation for early onset scoliosis: Caution needed when interpreting the literature.
CONCLUSION: MCGR for EOS has a cumulative complication rate of 42.4% but this is significantly reduced to 35.7% when reviewing only keeper-plate enabled implants. However, 25% of published articles included mixed implant iterations. Future studies should discern between implants iterations when reporting on the usage of MCGR for EOS. PMID: 31840020 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - December 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Synovial chondromatosis of the foot: Two case reports and literature review.
CONCLUSION: Synovial chondromatosis is a rare benign pathology, even rarer in the ankle joint and especially in the foot. Surgery should be minimal in patients with ankle PSC, choosing the correct timing, waiting if possible until stage III. More aggressive and early surgery should be performed in patients with PSC of the foot, particularly the subtalar joint, due to the high risk of arthritic evolution. PMID: 31840021 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - December 17, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Advanced septic arthritis of the shoulder treated by a two-stage arthroplasty.
CONCLUSION: Short interval two-stage approach for septic shoulder arthritis is an effective treatment option. It should nonetheless be reserved for selected patients with advanced disease in which lavage and debridement have failed. PMID: 31754606 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - November 24, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Two-stage revision arthroplasty for coagulase-negative staphylococcal periprosthetic joint infection of the hip and knee.
CONCLUSION: PJI with CoNS can be a difficult to treat infection due to increasing antibiotic resistance. Infection eradication rate of 70%-80% may be achieved. PMID: 31750083 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - November 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Posterior ankle impingement-an underdiagnosed cause of ankle pain in pediatric patients.
CONCLUSION: This is the first study which shows that PAIS is a clinically misdiagnosed cause of posterior ankle pain in pediatric and adolescent population; an increased awareness about this diagnosis is needed amongst providers treating young patients. PMID: 31750084 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - November 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Low-velocity simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fracture following long-term antiepileptic therapy: A case report.
CONCLUSION: Antiepileptic drugs should be supplemented with bisphosphonates and vitamin D to improve bone quality and prevent fractures in epileptic patients. PMID: 31750085 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics)
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - November 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Single- and double-dose of platelet-rich plasma versus hyaluronic acid for treatment of knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Tavassoli M, Janmohammadi N, Hosseini A, Khafri S, Esmaeilnejad-Ganji SM Abstract BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid have been shown to be useful in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. However, investigations comparing the efficacy of these two drugs together are insufficient. AIM: To compare the outcomes of PRP vs hyaluronic acid injections in three groups of patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial study involved 95 patients. Thirty-one subjects received a single injection of PRP (group PRP-1), 33 subjects received two inject...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - October 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research

Who should you be following? The top 100 social media influencers in orthopaedic surgery.
CONCLUSION: The top orthopaedic social media influencers on Twitter were predominantly board-certified, sports-medicine subspecialists working in private practice in the United States. Social media influence was highly concordant with academic productivity as measured by the academic h-index. Though the majority of influencers are orthopaedic surgeons, 22% of top influencers on Twitter are not, which is important to identify given the potential for these individuals to influence patients' perceptions and expectations. This study also provides the top influencer network for other orthopaedic surgeons to engage with on socia...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - October 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research