CD4  + CD25 + CD127 high cells as a negative predictor of multiple organ failure in acute pancreatitis
It has been suggested that severity of the immune response induced by immune cells is associated with morbidity and mortality from acute pancreatitis. The authors investigated and evaluated the relationship be... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - February 2, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Wei Wang, He-Ping Xiang, Hui-Ping Wang, Li-Xin Zhu and Xiao-Ping Geng Source Type: research

Performance of imaging studies in patients with suspected appendicitis after stratification with adult appendicitis score
Diagnostic scoring is used to stratify patients with suspected appendicitis into three groups: high, intermediate, and low probability of appendicitis. The stratification can be used for selective imaging to a... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - January 31, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Henna E. Sammalkorpi, Ari Lepp äniemi, Eila Lantto and Panu Mentula Source Type: research

An investigation of bedside laparoscopy in the ICU for cases of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia
This study wants to give... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - January 18, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: G. Cocorullo, A. Mirabella, N. Falco, T. Fontana, R. Tutino, L. Licari, G. Salamone, G. Scerrino and G. Gulotta Source Type: research

Preventive transarterial embolization in upper nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding
Transarterial embolization (TAE) is a therapeutic option for patients with a high risk of recurrent bleeding after endoscopic haemostasis. The aim of our prospective study was a preliminary assessment of the s... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - January 13, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Aleksejs Kaminskis, Aina Kratovska, Sanita Ponomarjova, Anna Tolstova, Maksims Mukans, Solvita Stabi ņa, Raivis Gailums, Andrejs Bernšteins, Patricija Ivanova, Viesturs Boka and Guntars Pupelis Source Type: research

Youth traffic-related injuries: a prospective study
Traffic-related injuries are the most common cause of morbidity and mortality of the youth. Our aim was to study epidemiology, risk factors and outcome of hospitalized youth patients injured in road traffic co... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - January 5, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Michal Grivna, Hani O. Eid and Fikri M. Abu-Zidan Source Type: research

Lower gastrointestinal bleeding —Computed Tomographic Angiography, Colonoscopy or both?
Lower endoscopy (LE) is the standard diagnostic modality for lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB). Conversely, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) offers an immediate non-invasive diagnosis visualizing th... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - January 3, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Daniel Clerc, Fabian Grass, Markus Sch äfer, Alban Denys, Nicolas Demartines and Martin Hübner Source Type: research

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute calculous cholecystitis: a retrospective study assessing risk factors for conversion and complications
The purpose of the study was to identify risk factors for conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and risk factors for postoperative complications in acute calculous cholecystitis. The most common complicat... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - November 16, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Petra Maria Terho, Ari Kalevi Lepp äniemi and Panu Juhani Mentula Source Type: research

OBITUARY: Giorgio Gambale (1955-2015)
(Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - November 10, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Vanni Agnoletti, Marco Barozzi, Luca Ansaloni and Francesco Cancellieri Source Type: research

Erratum to: 2016 WSES guidelines on acute calculous cholecystitis
(Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - November 4, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: L. Ansaloni, M. Pisano, F. Coccolini, A. B. Peitzmann, A. Fingerhut, F. Catena, F. Agresta, A. Allegri, I. Bailey, Z. J. Balogh, C. Bendinelli, W. Biffl, L. Bonavina, G. Borzellino, F. Brunetti, C. C. Burlew & hellip; Source Type: research

Triple diagnostics for early detection of ambivalent necrotizing fasciitis
Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon, rapidly progressive and potential lethal condition. Over the last decade time to surgery decreased and outcome improved, most likely due to increased awareness and more ti... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - October 11, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Falco Hietbrink, Lonneke G. Bode, Louis Riddez, Luke P. H. Leenen and Marijke R. van Dijk Source Type: research

WSES classification and guidelines for liver trauma
The severity of liver injuries has been universally classified according to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grading scale. In determining the optimal treatment strategy, however, the ... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - October 10, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena, Ernest E. Moore, Rao Ivatury, Walter Biffl, Andrew Peitzman, Raul Coimbra, Sandro Rizoli, Yoram Kluger, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Marco Ceresoli, Giulia Montori, Massimo Sartelli, Dieter Weber, Gustavo Fraga, Noel Naidoo & hel Source Type: research

In-hospital costs of an admission for adhesive small bowel obstruction
Previous research on the costs of treatment for ASBO is outdated and often based on reimbursements, rather than true healthcare provider costs of the admission and related interventions. An accurate estimate o... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - October 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Pepijn Krielen, Barend A. van den Beukel, Martijn W. J. Stommel, Harry van Goor, Chema Strik and Richard P. G. ten Broek Source Type: research

Validity of predictive factors of acute complicated appendicitis
Our previous retrospective study revealed the three preoperative predictors of complicated appendicitis (perforated or gangrenous appendicitis), which are body temperature ≥37.4 °C, C-reactive protein ≥4.7 mg/... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - September 26, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Yuki Imaoka, Toshiyuki Itamoto, Yuji Takakura, Takahisa Suzuki, Satoshi Ikeda and Takashi Urushihara Source Type: research

Splenic artery embolization: technically feasible but not necessarily advantageous
The spleen is the second most commonly injured organ in cases of abdominal trauma. Management of splenic injury depends on the clinical status of the patient and can include nonoperative management (NOM), sple... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - September 13, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: F. Van der Cruyssen and A. Manzelli Source Type: research

Ex-vivo and live animal models are equally effective training for the management of a penetrating cardiac injury
Live tissue models are considered the most useful simulation for training in the management for hemostasis of penetrating injuries. However, these models are expensive, with limited opportunities for repetitiv... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - August 31, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Yoshimitsu Izawa, Shuji Hishikawa, Tomohiro Muronoi, Keisuke Yamashita, Hiroyuki Maruyama, Masayuki Suzukawa and Alan Kawarai Lefor Source Type: research

Prediction of blunt traumatic injuries and hospital admission based on history and physical exam
We evaluated the ability of experienced trauma surgeons to accurately predict specific blunt injuries, as well as patient disposition from the emergency department (ED), based only on the initial clinical eval... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - August 31, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Alan L. Beal, Mark N. Ahrendt, Eric D. Irwin, John W. Lyng, Steven V. Turner, Christopher A. Beal, Matthew T. Byrnes and Greg A. Beilman Source Type: research

Laparoscopic lavage versus resection in perforated diverticulitis with purulent peritonitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Purulent peritonitis from acute left colon diverticulitis is a relatively common presentation of diverticular disease; historically the treatment was the Hartmann procedure. Laparoscopic peritoneal lavage has ... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - August 30, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Marco Ceresoli, Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Fausto Catena, Massimo Sartelli and Luca Ansaloni Source Type: research

Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy: a retrospective cohort study assessing outcomes and cost-effectiveness
Appendectomy is the most common surgical procedure performed in emergency surgery. Because of lack of consensus about the most appropriate technique, appendectomy is still being performed by both open (OA) and... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - August 30, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Antonio Biondi, Carla Di Stefano, Francesco Ferrara, Angelo Bellia, Marco Vacante and Luigi Piazza Source Type: research

Retrospective one-million-subject fixed-cohort survey of utilization of emergency departments due to traumatic causes in Taiwan, 2001 –2010
Epidemiological study was needed to evaluate trends in emergency department (ED) utilization that could be taken into account when making policy decisions regarding the delivery and distribution of medical res... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - August 30, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Nan-Ping Yang, Dinh-Van Phan, Yi-Hui Lee, Jin-Chyr Hsu, Ren-Hao Pan, Chien-Lung Chan, Nien-Tzu Chang and Dachen Chu Source Type: research

Pattern and predictors of mortality in necrotizing fasciitis patients in a single tertiary hospital
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a fatal aggressive infectious disease. We aimed to assess the major contributing factors of mortality in NF patients. (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - August 8, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Gaby Jabbour, Ayman El-Menyar, Ruben Peralta, Nissar Shaikh, Husham Abdelrahman, Insolvisagan Natesa Mudali, Mohamed Ellabib and Hassan Al-Thani Source Type: research

The learning curve of single-port laparoscopic appendectomy performed by emergent operation
Single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPLA) has the advantage of minimizing abdominal incision scars with patient satisfaction. However, it has the following disadvantages: it provides a narrower surgical fie... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - August 5, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: YongHun Kim and WooSurng Lee Source Type: research

On table POCUS assessment for the IVC following abdominal packing: how I do it
Some surgeons may lack proper experience in abdominal packing. Overpacking may directly compress the inferior vena cava (IVC). This reduces the venous return and possibly causes hypotension. Here, a new on tab... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - August 5, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fikri M. Abu-Zidan Source Type: research

WSES Guidelines for the management of acute left sided colonic diverticulitis in the emergency setting
Acute left sided colonic diverticulitis is one of the most common clinical conditions encountered by surgeons in acute setting. A World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) Consensus Conference on acute diverti... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - July 29, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Ewen A. Griffiths, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Salomone Di Saverio, Jan Ulrych, Yoram Kluger, Ofir Ben-Ishay, Frederick A. Moore, Rao R. Ivatury, Raul Coimbra, Andrew B. Peitzman, Ari Leppaniemi, Source Type: research

Geriatric Assessment as a qualification element for elective and emergency cholecystectomy in older patients
Older patients experience a higher incidence of postoperative complications after cholecystectomy compared with younger patients. However, most studies have not considered patient frailty, particularly regardi... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - July 29, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jakub Kenig, Piotr Wa łęga, Urszula Olszewska, Aleksander Konturek and Wojciech Nowak Source Type: research

Patterns and management of degloving injuries: a single national level 1 trauma center experience
Degloving soft tissue injuries (DSTIs) are serious surgical conditions. We aimed to evaluate the pattern, management and outcome of DSTIs in a single institute. (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - July 27, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Suhail Hakim, Khalid Ahmed, Ayman El-Menyar, Gaby Jabbour, Ruben Peralta, Syed Nabir, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Husham Abdelrahman, Ammar Al-Hassani and Hassan Al-Thani Source Type: research

WSES Jerusalem guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis
Acute appendicitis (AA) is among the most common cause of acute abdominal pain. Diagnosis of AA is challenging; a variable combination of clinical signs and symptoms has been used together with laboratory find... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - July 18, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Salomone Di Saverio, Arianna Birindelli, Micheal D. Kelly, Fausto Catena, Dieter G. Weber, Massimo Sartelli, Michael Sugrue, Mark De Moya, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Aneel Bhangu, Ferdinando Agresta, Ernest E. Moore, Kjetil Soreide, Ewen Griffiths, Steve De Ca Source Type: research

Antimicrobials: a global alliance for optimizing their rational use in intra-abdominal infections (AGORA)
Intra-abdominal infections (IAI) are an important cause of morbidity and are frequently associated with poor prognosis, particularly in high-risk patients. (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - July 15, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Dieter G. Weber, Etienne Ruppé, Matteo Bassetti, Brian J. Wright, Luca Ansaloni, Fausto Catena, Federico Coccolini, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Raul Coimbra, Ernest E. Moore, Frederick A. Moore, Ronald V. Maier, Jan J. De Waele, Andrew W. Kirkp Source Type: research

Safety in selective surgical exploration in penetrating neck trauma
Selective management of penetrating neck injuries has been considered the standard of care with minimal risks to patient safety. In a previous non-randomized prospective study conducted at our center, selectiv... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - July 12, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Frederico Teixeira, Carlos Augusto Metidieri Menegozzo, Sérgio Dias do Couto Netto, Renato S. Poggeti, Francisco de Sales Collet e Silva, Dario Birolini, Celso de Oliveira Bernini and Edivaldo Massazo Utiyama Source Type: research

International normalized ratio and serum C-reactive protein are feasible markers to predict complicated appendicitis
Diagnostic approach for complicated appendicitis is still controversial. We planned this study to analyze preoperative laboratory markers that may predict complications of appendicitis. (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 21, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Maru Kim, Sung-Jeep Kim and Hang Joo Cho Source Type: research

Management of traumatic wounds in the Emergency Department: position paper from the Academy of Emergency Medicine and Care (AcEMC) and the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES)
Traumatic wounds are one of the most common problems leading people to the Emergency Department (ED), accounting for approximately 5,4 % of all the visits, and up to 24 % of all the medical lawsuits. In order ... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 18, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Carolina Prevaldi, Ciro Paolillo, Carlo Locatelli, Giorgio Ricci, Fausto Catena, Luca Ansaloni and Gianfranco Cervellin Source Type: research

Correlations of perioperative coagulopathy, fluid infusion and blood transfusions with survival prognosis in endovascular aortic repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm
Factors associated with survival prognosis among patients who undergo endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA) have not been sufficiently investigated. In the present st... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 17, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Yohei Kawatani, Yoshitsugu Nakamura, Hirotsugu Kurobe, Yuji Suda and Takaki Hori Source Type: research

Focus on the prophylaxis, epidemiology and therapy of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infections and a position paper on associated risk factors: the perspective of an Italian group of surgeons
The aim of this research was to study the epidemiology, microbiology, prophylaxis, and antibiotic therapy of surgical site infections (SSIs), especially those caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 14, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: G. Sganga, C. Tascini, E. Sozio, M. Carlini, P. Chirletti, F. Cortese, R. Gattuso, P. Granone, C. Pempinello, M. Sartelli and S. Colizza Source Type: research

Anatomical, physiological, and logistical indications for the open abdomen: a proposal for a new classification system
A systematic approach to the appropriate use of the open abdomen strategy has not been described. We propose three fundamental reasons for the use of this strategy, anatomical, physiological and logistical. An... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 14, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Joao Rezende-Neto, Timothy Rice, Emanuelle Savio Abreu, Ori Rotstein and Sandro Rizoli Source Type: research

2016 WSES guidelines on acute calculous cholecystitis
Acute calculus cholecystitis is a very common disease with several area of uncertainty. The World Society of Emergency Surgery developed extensive guidelines in order to cover grey areas. The diagnostic criter... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 14, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: L. Ansaloni, M. Pisano, F. Coccolini, A. B. Peitzmann, A. Fingerhut, F. Catena, F. Agresta, A. Allegri, I. Bailey, Z. J. Balogh, C. Bendinelli, W. Biffl, L. Bonavina, G. Borzellino, F. Brunetti, C. C. Burlew… Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of multiple rib fractures and flail chest in trauma: a one-year follow-up study
Multiple rib fractures and unstable thoracic cage injuries are common in blunt trauma. Surgical management of rib fractures has received increasing attention in recent years and the aim of this 1-year, prospec... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 14, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Eva-Corina Caragounis, Monika Fagevik Olsén, David Pazooki and Hans Granhed Source Type: research

Wells criteria for DVT is a reliable clinical tool to assess the risk of deep venous thrombosis in trauma patients
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a common complication in trauma patients. Venous duplex surveillance is used widely for the diagnosis of DVT, however, there is controversy concerning its appropriate use. The Wel... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 8, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Shrey Modi, Ryan Deisler, Karen Gozel, Patty Reicks, Eric Irwin, Melissa Brunsvold, Kaysie Banton and Greg J. Beilman Source Type: research

Erratum to: Poor prognostic factors in patients who underwent surgery for acute non-occlusive ischemic colitis
(Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 2, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Minsu Noh, Song Soo Yang, Seok Won Jung, Jae Ho Park, Yeong Cheol Im and Kyu Yeol Kim Source Type: research

Efficacy of extra-peritoneal pelvic packing in hemodynamically unstable pelvic fractures, a Propensity Score Analysis
An option for emergency control of pelvic hemorrhage is Extra-peritoneal Pelvic Packing (EPP), which addresses the retroperitoneal source of exsanguination in pelvic fractures. The aim of this study was to dem... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - June 1, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Osvaldo Chiara, Emanuele di Fratta, Anna Mariani, Bertuzzi Michaela, Lucia Prestini, Fabrizio Sammartano and Stefania Cimbanassi Source Type: research

Review of 58 patients with necrotizing fasciitis in the Netherlands
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare, life threatening soft tissue infection, primarily involving the fascia and subcutaneous tissue. In a large cohort of patients presenting with Necrotizing fasciitis in the Nethe... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - May 27, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Sander F. L. van Stigt, Janneke de Vries, Jilles B. Bijker, Roland M. H. G. Mollen, Edo J. Hekma, Susan M. Lemson and Edward C. T. H. Tan Source Type: research

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta for uncontrollable nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Although resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in various clinical settings was found to successfully elevate central blood pressure in hemorrhagic shock, this intervention is assoc... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - May 20, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Hidefumi Sano, Junya Tsurukiri, Akira Hoshiai, Taishi Oomura, Yosuke Tanaka and Shoichi Ohta Source Type: research

Emergency right colectomy: which strategy when primary anastomosis is not feasible?
Primary anastomosis is considered the standard strategy after right emergency colectomy. The present study aimed to evaluate alternative treatment strategies when primary anastomosis is not possible to prevent... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - May 4, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Hugo Teixeira Farinha, Emmanuel Melloul, Dieter Hahnloser, Nicolas Demartines and Martin Hübner Source Type: research

History of pelvic fracture management: a review
High-energy pelvic fractures represent potentially life-threatening injuries due to the risk of acute exsanguinating retroperitoneal hemorrhage. The first report of a severe pelvic ring disruption dates back t... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - May 4, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Philip F. Stahel and E. Mark Hammerberg Source Type: research

Learning curve after rapid introduction of laparoscopic appendectomy: are there any risks in surgical resident participation?
With the spread of the minimally invasive technique, laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is performed with increasing frequency with excellent results. The method provides surgical residents with an excellent oppor... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - May 3, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Eszter Mán, Tibor Németh, Tibor Géczi, Zsolt Simonka and György Lázár Source Type: research

How to improve the clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis in resource limited settings
This article is a general review of the diagnostic tools that the clinician can use for the early diagnosis of acute appendicitis with emphasis on the Alvarado Score, and it is aimed principally to the medical... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - April 26, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Alfredo Alvarado Source Type: research

Implementation of a quality improvement project on smoking cessation reduces smoking in a high risk trauma patient population
Cigarette smoking causes about one of every five deaths in the U.S. each year. In 2013 the prevalence of smoking in our institution’s trauma population was 26.7 %, well above the national adult average of 18.1... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - April 26, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jeffry Nahmias, Andrew Doben, Shiva Poola, Samuel Korntner, Karen Carrens and Ronald Gross Source Type: research

Which cause of diffuse peritonitis is the deadliest in the tropics? A retrospective analysis of 305 cases from the South-West Region of Cameroon
Acute diffuse peritonitis is a common surgical emergency worldwide and a major contributor to non-trauma related death toll. Its causes vary widely and are correlated with mortality. Community acquired periton... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - April 11, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Alain Chichom-Mefire, Tabe Alain Fon and Marcelin Ngowe-Ngowe Source Type: research

Risk factors for delayed neuro-surgical intervention in patients with acute mild traumatic brain injury and intracranial hemorrhage
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with initial traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (tICH) and without immediate neuro-surgical intervention require close monitoring of their neurologic status. Progressi... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - March 31, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fu-Yuan Shih, Hsin-Huan Chang, Hung-Chen Wang, Tsung-Han Lee, Yu-Jun Lin, Wei-Che Lin, Wu-Fu Chen, Jih-Tsun Ho and Cheng-Hsien Lu Source Type: research

World Journal of Emergency Surgery reviewer acknowledgement 2015
The editors of World Journal of Emergency Surgery would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 10 (2015). (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - March 11, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fausto Catena and Frederick Moore Source Type: research

Damage control operations in non-trauma patients: defining criteria for the staged rapid source control laparotomy in emergency general surgery
The staged laparotomy in the operative management of emergency general surgery (EGS) patients is an extension of trauma surgeons operating on this population. Indications for its application, however, are not ... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - February 24, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Robert D. Becher, Andrew B. Peitzman, Jason L. Sperry, Jared R. Gallaher, Lucas P. Neff, Yankai Sun, Preston R. Miller and Michael C. Chang Source Type: research

Surgeon agreement at the time of handover, a prospective cohort study
Acute Care Surgical Teams are responsible for emergent surgical patients, and as such require regular handover and coordination between different surgeons. Despite the recent emergence of this model of care, m... (Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Emergency Surgery - February 24, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Richard Hilsden, Bradley Moffat, Sarah Knowles, Neil Parry and Ken Leslie Source Type: research