Intimate Partner Violence around the Time of Pregnancy and Postpartum Contraceptive Use
We sought to examine postpartum contraceptive use among women who reported physical intimate partner violence (IPV) during or within 12  months before pregnancy compared with women who did not report physical IPV and to identify factors associated with nonuse of contraception among women who reported physical IPV. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - January 5, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Adrienne A. Stevenson, Brenda L. Bauman, Lauren B. Zapata, Indu B. Ahluwalia, Naomi K. Tepper Tags: Original article Source Type: research

What Women Want: Factors Impacting Contraceptive Satisfaction in Privately Insured Women
To identify factors associated with high contraceptive method satisfaction among privately insured, adult women in Pennsylvania. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - January 2, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Katherine R. Sittig, Carol S. Weisman, Erik Lehman, Cynthia H. Chuang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Insurance Coverage and Use of Prescription Contraception by Race and Ethnicity: Lessons From the Affordable Care Act
We describe contraception use by race and ethnicity before and after the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and assess the relationship between insurance coverage and prescription contraception use in both periods. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - December 28, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Emily M. Johnston, Stacey McMorrow Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Sex and the Diagnostic Pathway to Bladder Cancer among Veterans: No Evidence of Disparity
Longer time intervals from presentation with hematuria to bladder cancer diagnosis have been reported among women compared with men. Despite women being the fastest growing cohort within the Department of Veterans Affairs, little is known about women veterans with bladder cancer. Our objectives were to quantify the time from hematuria to bladder cancer diagnosis in Department of Veterans Affairs and assess differences between sexes. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - December 21, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kristine E. Lynch, Benjamin Viernes, Karim Khader, Scott L. DuVall, Florian R. Schroeck Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Abortion Need among U.S. Servicewomen: Evidence from an Internet Service
U.S. servicewomen have high rates of unintended pregnancy, but federal policy prohibits abortion provision at military treatment facilities and military insurance coverage of abortion, except in cases of rape, incest, or a life-endangering pregnancy. Such restrictions pose challenges to abortion access for servicemembers, particularly during deployment. We aimed to explore the experiences of U.S. servicewomen when accessing abortion during overseas tours and deployment. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - December 19, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Laura Fix, Jane W. Seymour, Daniel Grossman, Dana M. Johnson, Abigail R.A. Aiken, Rebecca Gomperts, Kate Grindlay Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Experiences with Prenatal and Postpartum Contraceptive Services among Women with a Preterm Birth
Providing postpartum contraception can help to achieve recommended interpregnancy intervals ( ≥18 months from birth to next pregnancy), decrease the risk of preterm birth, and thus improve maternal and infant health outcomes of future pregnancies. However, the experiences of women with preterm birth regarding contraceptive services have not been documented. We sought to better understand contraceptive counseling experiences and postpartum contraception of women with a preterm birth. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - December 19, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Heike Thiel de Bocanegra, Jazmine Kenny, Kristina Sayler, Mary Turocy, Subhashini Ladella Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - December 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - December 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Gibbs Leadership Prize: Best Manuscript of 2019 in Women's Health Issues
The Editorial Board of Women's Health Issues is pleased to announce that the Charles E. Gibbs Leadership Prize for the best paper published in Women's Health Issues in 2019 (Volume 29) has been awarded to Sarah C.M. Roberts, DrPH, an associate professor with Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH) at the University of California, San Francisco. Her manuscript, “State Policies Targeting Alcohol Use during Pregnancy and Alcohol Use among Pregnant Women 1985–2016: Evidence from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System,” was co-authored by Amy A. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - December 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Tags: Editor's Note Source Type: research

Sexual Orientation Differences in Pregnancy and Abortion Across the Lifecourse
We examined sexual orientation-related differences in various pregnancy outcomes (e.g., teen pregnancy, abortion) across the lifespan. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - December 4, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Brittany M. Charlton, Bethany G. Everett, Alexis Light, Rachel K. Jones, Elizabeth Janiak, Audrey J. Gaskins, Jorge E. Chavarro, Heidi Moseson, Vishnudas Sarda, S. Bryn Austin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Characterization and Comparison of Physical and Mental Health Profiles and Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care Utilization Patterns among Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom Women Veterans in Puerto Rico versus the United States
Research on the physical and mental health profiles and patterns of health care use among women veterans receiving health care from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) on the island of Puerto Rico is lacking. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 30, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Julie C. Weitlauf, Ana Ortiz, Aimee R. Kroll-Desrosiers, Mabel E. Qui ñones Vázquez, Brad Cannell, Mayra N. Berrios Hernandez, Cynthia Brandt, Kristin Mattocks Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Abortion Providers on Politically Engaging Patients
For decades, abortion providers have lamented the lack of patients ’ voices in the abortion rights movement. Given the millions of women who have received abortions, the absence of this large constituency, providers assert, has been politically costly. Underlying this disappointment is a parallel question that reflects a philosophical divide among abortion provid ers: are attempts to politically engage abortion patients a desired or appropriate element of care? (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 15, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Gretchen Sisson, Carole Joffe Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Women Veterans ’ Experiences with Perceived Gender Bias in U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Specialty Care
In the past decade, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has responded to a dramatic increase in women veterans seeking care by expanding Women's Health training to more than 5,000 women's health primary care providers and changing the culture of the to be more inclusive of women veterans. These initiatives have resulted in increased patient satisfaction and quality of care, but have focused mostly on primary care settings. Less is known about women's experiences in specialty care within VA. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kristin Mattocks, Jose Casares, Amber Brown, Bevanne Bean-Mayberry, Karen M. Goldstein, Mary Driscoll, Sally Haskell, Lori Bastian, Cynthia Brandt Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Expanding Women's Health Practitioners and Researchers' Understanding of Transgender/Nonbinary Health Issues
Historically, American society has defined women's health in contrast with men's health and health care access in relation to gender-specific and/or sex-specific health needs (e.g., reproductive and sexual health needs), conditions, diseases and complications, and differences in the prevalence, severity, and courses of action to address those. The field of women's health has traditionally included such topics as maternal health and pregnancy, human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS prevention and treatment, sexual and reproductive health care, mental health, nutrition, violence, cancer risk, and disabilities (World Health Organi...
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 13, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Shanna K. Kattari, Danielle R. Brittain, Anne Rossier Markus, Kelly C. Hall Source Type: research

Is Depression Associated with Unhealthy Behaviors among Middle-Aged and Older Women with Hypertension or Heart Disease?
This study aims to assess the association between comorbid depression and health-promoting behavior in middle-aged and older Australian women with hypertension or heart disease. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 11, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Jon Adams, Jane Frawley, Alex Broom, David Sibbritt Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Gynecologic Care for Women With Physical Disabilities: A  Qualitative Study of Patients and Providers
Women with physical disabilities have unmet gynecologic care needs, including disparities in cancer screening and contraceptive care, when compared with women without physical disabilities. Our objective was to qualitatively assess provider and patient perspectives regarding barriers to gynecologic health care for women with physical disabilities. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 11, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Sarita Sonalkar, Veronica Chavez, Jessica McClusky, Tegan A. Hunter, Cynthia J. Mollen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A Prospective Cohort Study of the Effect of Receiving versus Being Denied an Abortion on Educational Attainment
Research on the effects of unintended childbearing has been limited in its ability to disentangle the direct effects of childbearing from common selection factors that predispose women to both unintended childbearing and lower educational attainment. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 7, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Lauren J. Ralph, Jane Mauldon, M. Antonia Biggs, Diana Greene Foster Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - November 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Trusted Colleagues or Incompetent Hacks? Development of the Attitudes About Abortion-Providing Physicians Scale
Many physicians who provide abortion care report feeling marginalized within medicine. Because abortion care can require consultation with many types of physicians, physician opinions of providers may have implications for quality of care. However, no measure of physicians ’ attitudes about abortion-providing colleagues currently exists. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - October 23, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Lisa A. Martin, Meghan Seewald, Timothy R.B. Johnson, Lisa H. Harris Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Time Off Work After Childbirth and Breastfeeding Supportive Workplaces: Associations with Near-Exclusive Breastfeeding Trajectory Membership
We aimed to determine whether the association between time off work and a near-exclusive breastfeeding trajectory is moderated by perceived employer support for breastfeeding. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - October 15, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mackenzie D.M. Whipps, Julia Honoroff Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Birth Mode after Primary Cesarean among Hispanic and non-Hispanic Women at One U.S. Institution
Despite a lower percentage of primary cesareans than non-Hispanic White and Black women, Hispanic women in the United States had the highest rate of repeat cesarean deliveries (RCD) in 2016; it is unclear if reasons for differences are due to known risk factors. Our study examined the association between ethnicity/race and RCD among women with one previous cesarean and whether demographic (age, marital status, education, language, and delivery year), anthropomorphic (height, prepregnancy body mass index), obstetrical/medical (parity, gestational age, infant birth weight, gestational diabetes, labor induction or augmentatio...
Source: Womens Health Issues - October 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Roxanne Mirabal-Beltran, Donna M. Strobino Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“If You Don't Ask, I'm Not Going to Tell You”: Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Inform Pregnancy Intention Screening Processes for Black and Latina Women in Primary Care
This study sought to inform recommendations for carrying out PI screening meaningfully in primary care settings. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 24, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Samantha Garbers, Katherine A. Falletta, Silpa Srinivasulu, Yolyn Almonte, Rachel Baum, Dayana Bermudez, Madeline Coriano, Kathryn Iglehart, Cathy Mota, Laura Rodriguez, Jecenia Taveras, Natalie Tobier, Ashley Grosso Tags: Health Care Services Source Type: research

Interrupting the Pathway from Gestational Diabetes Mellitus to Type 2 Diabetes: The Role of Primary Care
Our objective was to describe patient-, provider-, and health systems-level factors associated with likelihood of obtaining guideline-recommended follow-up to prevent or mitigate early-onset type 2 diabetes after a birth complicated by gestational diabetes (GDM). (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 24, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Lois McCloskey, Emily Quinn, Omid Ameli, Timothy Heeren, Myrita Craig, Aviva Lee-Parritz, Ronald Iverson, Brian Jack, Judith A. Bernstein Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“If You Don't Ask, I'm Not Going to Tell You:” Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Inform Pregnancy Intention Screening Processes for Black and Latina Women in Primary Care
This study sought to inform recommendations for carrying out PI screening meaningfully in primary care settings. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 24, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Samantha Garbers, Katherine A. Falletta, Silpa Srinivasulu, Yolyn Almonte, Rachel Baum, Dayana Bermudez, Madeline Coriano, Kathryn Iglehart, Cathy Mota, Laura Rodriguez, Jecenia Taveras, Natalie Tobier, Ashley Grosso Source Type: research

Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to Contraceptive Use Among Women Veterans Accessing the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System
Although many studies evaluate factors influencing contraceptive use, little is known about barriers and facilitators that may be specific to or prevalent among women veterans using the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System (VA). (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 23, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Tierney E. Wolgemuth, Maris Cuddeback, Lisa S. Callegari, Keri L. Rodriguez, Xinhua Zhao, Sonya Borrero Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“You Never Know What Could Happen”: Women’s Perspectives of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis in the Context of Recent Intimate Partner Violence
Vulnerability to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a significant public health issue for women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). Despite the increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection, women only represent 4.6% of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) users in the United States. IPV may present additional difficulties to PrEP access. In this qualitative study, we examined how IPV and the relational context shaped women's decisions, attitudes, and engagement in the PrEP care continuum. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 16, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Tiara C. Willie, Danya E. Keene, Trace S. Kershaw, Jamila K. Stockman Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Four Decades after War: Incident Diabetes among Women Vietnam-Era Veterans in the HealthViEWS Study
We analyzed long-term differences in incident diabetes associated with military service in a warzone among women who served during the Vietnam War era. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 10, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Eric M. Schmidt, Kathryn Magruder, Amy M. Kilbourne, Eileen M. Stock, Yasmin Cypel, Suad El Burai F élix, Tracey Serpi, Rachel Kimerling, Beth Cohen, Avron Spiro, Joan Furey, Grant D. Huang, Susan M. Frayne Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Cost Sharing and Utilization of Postpartum Intrauterine Devices and Contraceptive Implants Among Commercially Insured Women
Cost sharing may impede postpartum contraceptive use. We evaluated the association between out-of-pocket costs and long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) insertion among commercially insured postpartum women. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 5, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Michelle H. Moniz, Ann B. Soliman, Giselle E. Kolenic, Anca Tilea, A. Mark Fendrick, Sarah Bell, Vanessa K. Dalton Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Availability of Services Related to Achieving Pregnancy in U.S. Publicly Funded Family Planning Clinics
Recognizing that quality family planning services should include services to help clients who want to become pregnant, the objective of our analysis was to examine the distribution of services related to achieving pregnancy at publicly funded family planning clinics in the United States. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 4, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Ana Carolina Loyola Briceno, Katherine A. Ahrens, Marie E. Thoma, Susan Moskosky Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - September 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Female Age at First Sexual Intercourse by Rural –Urban Residence and Birth Cohort
Previous studies have examined timing of sexual initiation in the United States, but little is known about rural –urban differences in age at first sex. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - August 20, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jaclyn A. Janis, Katherine A. Ahrens, Erika C. Ziller Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Determinants of Breastfeeding Initiation and Duration Among African American DC WIC Recipients: Perspectives of Recent Mothers
In Washington, DC, African American women receiving the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) benefits have the lowest breastfeeding rates compared with other WIC-eligible populations. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - August 10, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jennifer Schindler-Ruwisch, Amira Roess, Rebecca C. Robert, Melissa Napolitano, Emily Woody, Paulette Thompson, Vinu Ilakkuvan Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Rural Focus and Representation in State Maternal Mortality Review Committees: Review of Policy and Legislation
Between 1990 and 2013, maternal mortality nearly doubled in the United States and rural residents experienced decreasing access to obstetric care. To improve maternal health, many states have established maternal mortality and morbidity review committees (MMRCs). We assessed the extent of rural representation in state policy efforts related to MMRCs. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - August 5, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Katy B. Kozhimannil, Julia D. Interrante, Amanda Corbett, Sarah Heppner, Jennifer Burges, Carrie Henning-Smith Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Health and Social Service Needs of Pregnant Women Who Consider but Do Not Have Abortions
States have enacted an increasing number of policies restricting access to abortion. As a result, some women are unable to obtain an abortion and instead continue their pregnancies. These women may have particular needs that would bring them to the attention of public health programs. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - August 3, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Nancy F. Berglas, Katrina Kimport, Valerie Williams, Katrina Mark, Sarah C.M. Roberts Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Medical and Psychosocial Risk Profiles for Low Birthweight and Preterm Birth
This study uses representative data to assess whether distinct latent profiles of co-occurring medical and psychosocial factors have implications for preterm birth and low birthweight. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 25, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Sara H. Shaw, Janette E. Herbers, J.J. Cutuli Tags: Original article Source Type: research

“Make the Call, Don't Miss a Beat” Campaign: Effect on Emergency Medical Services Use in Women with Heart Attack Signs
Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between the “Make The Call, Don't Miss a Beat” national mass media campaign and emergency medical services (EMS) use among women with possible heart attack symptoms. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 23, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Melissa L. McCarthy, Suzanne Haynes, Ximin Li, N. Clay Mann, Craig D. Newgard, Jannet F. Lewis, Alan E. Simon, Susan Wood, Scott L. Zeger Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Factors Associated with New Uptake of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives since the Affordable Care Act Among Privately Insured Women in Pennsylvania
The Affordable Care Act eliminated out-of-pocket costs for contraceptives, including highly effective long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), for most insured women. Patient characteristics associated with new LARC uptake after the Affordable Care Act have not been well-studied. We hypothesized that awareness of no-cost intrauterine device (IUD) coverage would be associated with new LARC use. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 20, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Hallie N. Nelson, Elizabeth Thayer, Celeste Bailey, Laura Leuenberger, Erik Lehman, Cynthia H. Chuang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Hangers, Potions, and Pills: Abortion Procedures on American Television, 2008 to 2018
Television portrayals of medical procedures may contribute to patient anxieties and cultural myths. We explored how television depicts abortion procedures, focusing on what these portrayals communicate about abortion access and safety. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 19, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Stephanie Herold, Gretchen Sisson Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Association of Trauma with the Physical, Behavioral, and Social Health of Women Living with HIV: Pathways to Guide Trauma-informed Health Care Interventions
Trauma is increasingly recognized as a near-universal experience among women living with HIV (WLHIV) and a key contributor to HIV acquisition, morbidity, and mortality. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 11, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Yvette P. Cuca, Martha Shumway, Edward L. Machtinger, Katy Davis, Naina Khanna, Jennifer Cocohoba, Carol Dawson-Rose Source Type: research

Is Interpersonal Abuse Associated with sexual (Dis)satisfaction among Postmenopausal Women?
To investigate associations between past-year verbal and/or physical abuse (VA/PA) and sexual (dis)satisfaction, that is, global or frequency-related (dis)satisfactions with sexual activity, among postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 2, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Erika L. Kelley, M. Brad Cannell, Margery Gass, Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Nancy F. Woods, Chloe E. Bird, Marcia L. Stefanick, Julie C. Weitlauf Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Providing Primary Care for HIV in the Context of Trauma: Experiences of the Health Care Team
Trauma-informed health care for women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attends not only to HIV treatment, but also to the many common physical and emotional health consequences of trauma. One principle of providing trauma-informed care is the acknowledgement that working with a population that has experienced extensive trauma affects the team members who care for them in the clinic, as well as the interactions between those team members. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Carol Dawson-Rose, Yvette P. Cuca, Martha Shumway, Katy Davis, Edward L. Machtinger Tags: Trauma and HIV Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Providing Primary Care for Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the Context of Trauma: Experiences of the Health Care Team
Trauma-informed health care for women living with human immunodeficiency virus attends not only to human immunodeficiency virus treatment, but also to the many common physical and emotional health consequences of trauma. One principle of providing trauma-informed care is the acknowledgement that working with a population that has experienced extensive trauma affects the team members who care for them in the clinic, as well as the interactions between those team members. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - July 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Carol Dawson-Rose, Yvette P. Cuca, Martha Shumway, Katy Davis, Edward L. Machtinger Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Promoting or Undermining Quality Decision Making? A Qualitative Content Analysis of Patient Decision Aids Comparing Surgical and Medication Abortion
To understand, describe, and compare the content of patient decision aids on surgical and medication abortion, including 1) attributes used to describe each method, 2) approaches to clarify patients' values, 3) language used to describe each method, and 4) language used to frame women's decision-making role. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - June 29, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kyla Z. Donnelly, Glyn Elwyn, Regan Theiler, Rachel Thompson Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Pain Intensity and Pain Interference in Male and Female Iraq/Afghanistan-era Veterans
Chronic pain conditions are common among both male and female Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans and can have substantial negative impacts on quality of life and function. Although in general women tend to report higher levels of pain intensity than men, findings remain mixed on whether gender differences in pain exist in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans. Additionally, the relationships between functional impairment, pain intensity, and gender remain unknown. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - June 25, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jennifer C. Naylor, H. Ryan Wagner, Cynthia Johnston, Eric E. Elbogen, Mira Brancu, Christine E. Marx, VA Mid-Atlantic MIRECC Work Group, VA Mid-Atlantic MIRECC Women Veterans Work Group, Jennifer L. Strauss Tags: Article Source Type: research

Enrollment and Retention of Men and Women in Health Services Research and Development Trials
Sex- and gender-specific science is essential to inform patient-centered, evidence-based care. Developing such evidence requires adequate inclusion of both women and men in trials. We sought to describe study participation of women and men in Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development trials. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - June 25, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Karen M. Goldstein, Wei Duan-Porter, Aviel Alkon, Maren K. Olsen, Corrine I. Voils, Susan N. Hastings Tags: Article Source Type: research

Gender-based Differences among 1990 –1991 Gulf War Era Veterans: Demographics, Lifestyle Behaviors, and Health Conditions
This study is among the first and most recent to stratify Gulf War veteran demographics, lifestyle factors, and self-reported diagnoses by gender. (Source: Womens Health Issues)
Source: Womens Health Issues - June 25, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mackenzie C. Brown, Kellie J. Sims, Elizabeth J. Gifford, Karen M. Goldstein, Marcus R. Johnson, Christina D. Williams, Dawn Provenzale Tags: Article Source Type: research