Menopausal symptoms and related factors among Cambodian women.
This study analyzed the prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms and associated factors among Cambodian women. A cross-sectional study was performed with 200 women aged 40-60 years in three provinces and one urban area in Cambodia from July 2017 to August 2017. Three symptom categories: somatic, psychological, and urogenital symptoms (totaling 11 symptoms) related to menopause were assessed using the Khmer version of Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Over one-fifth (21.5%) of the participants were premenopausal; 22.5% were perimenopausal, and 56% were postmenopausal. Somatic and psychological symptoms occurred more frequ...
Source: Women and Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Thapa R, Yang Y Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Regional variation and demographic factors associated with knowledge of malaria risk and prevention strategies among pregnant women in Nigeria.
Abstract Pregnant women and children are the most vulnerable populations for malaria infection. Yet, knowledge of risk, and preventive measures are poor among this population. Using the 2015 Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey, we applied logit link function to estimate the associations of wealth status, educational attainment, and region of residence with malaria risk knowledge and prevention strategies (using a treated mosquito net and malaria drugs) among 739 Nigerian pregnant women aged 15-49 years. Urban women who had obtained a secondary school education (Adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.12; 95% con...
Source: Women and Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Iyanda AE, Osayomi T, Boakye KA, Lu Y Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

"People are struggling in this area:" a qualitative study of women's perspectives of telehealth in rural South Carolina.
"People are struggling in this area:" a qualitative study of women's perspectives of telehealth in rural South Carolina. Women Health. 2019 Jul 22;:1-14 Authors: Sundstrom B, DeMaria AL, Ferrara M, Smith E, McInnis S Abstract Rural communities face disparities and barriers to health care access that may be addressed through telehealth programs; yet little research is available detailing rural women's attitudes toward telehealth. Researchers partnered with a women's reproductive health organization to conduct formative audience research to understand rural women's perspectives of telehealth i...
Source: Women and Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Sundstrom B, DeMaria AL, Ferrara M, Smith E, McInnis S Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Regional variations in the use of postnatal care in Nigeria: a spatial analysis.
Abstract Maternal health outcomes vary considerably in Nigeria, with maternal mortality ratio ranging from 165 per 100,000 live births in the South-west to 1549 per 100,000 live births in the North-east. One important maternal health indicator is an adequate use of postnatal care (PNC); however, the evidence is sparse on its spatial distribution across regions in Nigeria. This paper thus examined the spatial distribution of uptake of postnatal care in Nigeria using data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, with a sample of 12,127 women aged 15-49 years. The Bayesian-structured additive regression o...
Source: Women and Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Ononokpono DN, Gayawan E, Adedini SA Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

"My BMI is too high for Plan B." A changing population of women seeking ulipristal acetate emergency contraception online.
"My BMI is too high for Plan B." A changing population of women seeking ulipristal acetate emergency contraception online. Women Health. 2019 Jul 08;:1-8 Authors: Cleland K, Wagner B, Smith NK, Trussell J Abstract Emergency contraceptive (EC) pills may be less effective for women with higher body mass index (BMI), but little is known about public response to the fact that EC may lose efficacy as weight increases. In November 2013, European authorities changed the label for a levonorgestrel EC product to warn of a reduction in effectiveness for women with higher BMI, garnering significant med...
Source: Women and Health - July 8, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Cleland K, Wagner B, Smith NK, Trussell J Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The association between childbirth experience and mother's parenting stress: The mediating role of anxiety and depressive symptoms.
Abstract Childbirth is one of the most significant experiences in women's lives. A bad experience could lead to psychological distress, including severe disease. This experience has a significant impact not only on the mother's well-being, but also on her first interactions with the baby. The present study thus had two aims: 1) investigate the association between the childbirth experience and parenting stress; and 2) analyze if this relation can be mediated by the woman's psychological well-being (anxiety and depressive symptoms). One hundred fifty-eight Italian primiparous women, with a single pregnancy, recruite...
Source: Women and Health - July 2, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Molgora S, Fenaroli V, Saita E Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Facilitators and barriers to implementing pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraception in California independent pharmacies.
This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to offering this service in California independent pharmacies. To do so, we thematically analyzed qualitative data from structured interviews with 36 pharmacists working in independent pharmacies in 2016-17. We found that pharmacists anticipated general benefits from expanding their roles to prescribe contraception, including increasing health care access and decreasing costs. In contrast, described barriers were concrete, including lack of financial incentives and business risks for independent pharmacies. Specific barriers to prescribing hormonal contraception includ...
Source: Women and Health - July 2, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Gomez AM, McCullough C, Fadda R, Ganguly B, Gustafson E, Severson N, Tomlitz J Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Moderation of relation between psychological risk factors and alcohol use by sex.
We examined sex differences by surveying young adults (n = 1,437) from across Washington state between 2011 and 2013 on alcohol risk factors (impulsivity, sensation seeking, mindfulness), alcohol consumption (quantity and frequency), and alcohol related negative consequences. Zero inflated Poisson and Zero inflated Negative Binomial models revealed that sex moderated the relationship between Peak Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) and impulsivity such that higher impulsivity was more strongly related to higher Peak BAC for women than for men. Overall, these results suggest that very few sex differences exist in alcohol ...
Source: Women and Health - July 2, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Carroll HA, Rhew I, Larimer ME Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Barriers in addressing body image and eating issues in primary care: an overview of women's narratives.
This study used an open-ended survey to explore women's narratives concerning their experiences and barriers to discussing eating and body image issues with their PCPs. A total sample of 102 female college students (aged 18-35 years) in the Boston area completed self-report questionnaires online (February 2015 through January 2016). Themes in both communication and relationship domain emerged. Communication themes for participants included: health information, prompting by the PCP, and other barriers. Relationship themes included: patient and provider characteristics, negative and positive emotions, and trust. Accordi...
Source: Women and Health - June 26, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kaitz J, Ray S, Harkins D Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The effect of preconception counselling on health locus of control and stress in Iranian women: a randomized control trial.
This study examined whether preconception counseling was related to stress and health locus of control. This randomized controlled trial was conducted from March to November 2016 on 152 healthy 18-35-year-old women intending to become pregnant within the next year in Iran. The intervention group received six sessions of group counseling, and the control group received only usual care. The Perceived Stress Scale, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scales and checklist for preconception control were completed before and after the intervention. Repeated measures ANOVA showed a significant post-intervention increase in t...
Source: Women and Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mirghafourvand M, Babapour J, Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi S, Ghasemi Yngyknd S Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Adjustment to multiple sclerosis and identity satisfaction among newly diagnosed women: what role does motherhood play?
Abstract The present study aimed to describe the levels of depressive symptoms, affective well-being and identity satisfaction in a group of women recently diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS), accounting for differences in age, motherhood, and disease duration. Moreover, the role of identity satisfaction in depressive symptoms and affective well-being was evaluated, examining the moderating effect of motherhood. The study involved 74 women, aged between 19 and 57 years (Mean = 37.7 years, SD = 10.7 years). Thirty-two women (43.2%) had children, aged between 2 and 29 years...
Source: Women and Health - June 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Graziano F, Calandri E, Borghi M, Bonino S Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Maternal role strain and depressive symptoms among female sex workers in Mexico: the moderating role of sex work venue.
This study examined the association between maternal role strain and depressive symptoms among 426 FSW mothers with dependent-age children (aged
Source: Women and Health - June 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Semple SJ, Pines HA, Vera AH, Pitpitan EV, Martinez G, Rangel MG, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Development and pre/post testing of a decision aid supporting Chinese parental and young women's HPV vaccination decision-making.
Abstract We developed and tested the acceptability and utility of a novel HPV vaccination decision aid (DA) among Chinese young women aged 18-26 years and parents of adolescent girls aged 9-17 years. From March to May 2016, a total of 101 parents plus 109 young women completed baseline surveys assessing their HPV vaccination knowledge, decision self-efficacy, decision conflict, and HPV vaccination intention. Two weeks after receiving the DA, 84 (83.2%) parents and 92 (84.4%) young women completed re-assessments. Chi-square tests or t-tests were performed to compare the before-and-after differences. Cohen...
Source: Women and Health - June 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Wang LD, Lam WWT, Fielding R Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Physical frailty and health outcomes of fitness, hormones, psychological and disability in institutionalized older women: an exploratory association study.
This study aimed to investigate the association of frailty with diverse geriatric health characteristics. Cross-sectional data from 140 women aged between 75 and 85 years were analyzed. Data were collected between March and June, 2016. Fried's definition of physical frailty, psychological, sex hormones, disability and physical fitness outcomes were examined. The prevalence of frailty was 40%. Frail women had lower scores in cognitive and physical fitness, and higher scores for depressive symptoms and comorbidities. Significant correlations emerged between frailty and disability, fear of falling, aerobic resistance and...
Source: Women and Health - June 3, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Furtado GE, Patrício M, Loureiro M, Hogervorst E, Theou O, Ferreira JP, Teixeira AMB Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Treatment adherence among mothers living with HIV in the US: a scoping review.
Abstract The purpose of this review was to understand research about treatment adherence among mothers in the US who are living with HIV. Treatment adherence included Antiretroviral Therapy and attending medical care appointments. A scoping review was conducted, and five peer-reviewed databases were searched with predetermined search terms for the period of 2006-2016. Thirty-five articles were identified for the review, including (n = 17) quantitative studies, (n = 6) qualitative studies, (n = 4) reviews and (n = 8) conceptual/theoretical articles. The most frequently identi...
Source: Women and Health - May 27, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Yates HT Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Patients and providers' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception: a systematic review.
Abstract The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) immediately postpartum for preventing unintended pregnancy. This systematic review identified patients' and providers' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding immediate postpartum LARC use. Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, PsychInfo, and CINHAL databases (from inception to December 2018) were searched using LARC and immediate postpartum as search terms. The inclusion criteria were observational US studies, peer-reviewed, and English language, and the exclusion criterion was published abstracts...
Source: Women and Health - May 23, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Thompson EL, Vamos CA, Logan RG, Bronson EA, Detman LA, Piepenbrink R, Daley EM, Sappenfield WM Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Tailored feedback reduced prolonged sitting time and improved the health of housewives: a single-blind randomized controlled pilot study.
We examined strategies to shorten housewives' sitting time using a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Forty-eight housewives (38.0 ± 4.5 years old) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: pamphlet, self-feedback, and tailored feedback groups. All participants received a pamphlet describing the risks of prolonged sitting. The self-feedback and tailored feedback groups were also given feedback on sitting time by a smartphone application. The tailored feedback group received individual suggestions regarding lifestyle to shorten sitting time. We measured physical activity using an accelerometer and health-...
Source: Women and Health - May 21, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kitagawa T, Higuchi Y, Todo E, Ueda T, Ando S, Murakami T Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Patient and obstetric provider communication regarding weight gain management among socioeconomically disadvantaged African American women who are overweight/obese.
ll AG Abstract To examine the communication between obstetric providers and their socioeconomically disadvantaged, African American patients who are overweight and obese during pregnancy, and whether this communication relates to outcomes. Pregnant patients and their obstetric providers were surveyed between October 2012 and March 2016 at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO. Percent agreement between patients' and obstetric providers' survey responses was analyzed and measured (κ coefficient). Descriptive and multilevel logistic regression analyses aimed at identifying the relation of p...
Source: Women and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Tinius RA, López JD, Cade WT, Stein RI, Haire-Joshu D, Cahill AG Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Can body mass index identify cardiac autonomic dysfunction in women who are apparently healthy?
Abstract We investigated the extent to which obesity could identify autonomic dysfunction of heart control in a cross-sectional study with 65 women (aged 18-45 years), categorized as eutrophic, overweight or obese. We collected anthropometric measures and measures of heart rate variability (HRV) between March 2015 and March 2017. Low frequency in normalized units (LF(nu)) over 46 was considered a marker of autonomic imbalance and high frequency in normalized units (HF(nu)) below 38 a marker of depressed vagal modulation. Overweight (mean difference MΔHF(nu) = -13.11 [95% confidence interval (CI) of differenc...
Source: Women and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Soares FHR, Furstenberger AB, Carvalho LCS, Melo MYS, Lima JG, de Sousa MBC Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of health literacy: a gender perspective in Ghana.
Abstract Relatively little research has been conducted on the place of health literacy (HL) as an essential mechanism to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal for gender equality (SDG 5) or to enhance its role in SDG 3, good health and well-being, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The present analyses examined the role of socio-economic, health and behavioral factors associated with HL among men and women in the Ashanti Region of Ghana using a cross-sectional design and data collected from 779 rural and urban residents from June 2015 to October 2015. HL was higher among men. In multivariate logistic reg...
Source: Women and Health - May 15, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Amoah PA, Phillips DR Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Do maternal personality variables influence childbirth satisfaction? A longitudinal study in low-risk pregnancies.
rin D Abstract To analyze the influence of maternal personality (big five personality, coping and childbirth expectations) on birth satisfaction. A longitudinal prospective design was used with 116 pregnant women during November 2014-December 2015 at a public hospital (Madrid, Spain) with three assessment stages: first trimester of pregnancy (personality factors), third trimester (childbirth expectations and coping strategies) and 48 hours after childbirth (labor satisfaction). The highest childbirth satisfaction scores were for professional support, support from partner and overall satisfaction. Higher childbirth...
Source: Women and Health - May 13, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Catala P, Peñacoba C, Carmona J, Marin D Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with treatment retention in pregnant women with opioid use disorders prescribed methadone or electing non-pharmacological treatment.
Abstract Opioid use during pregnancy is rising, with an estimated 14-22% of women obtaining an opioid prescription during pregnancy. Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) has been the gold standard for treatment of opioid use disorders during pregnancy; however, its use is limited in clinical practice due to availability, stigma, and reluctance on the part of clinicians. The present study compared against medical advice (AMA) treatment dropout from seven days of residential care between pregnant women diagnosed with opioid dependence who elected either MMT (n = 119) or non-pharmacological treatment (NPT) (n = 91) wi...
Source: Women and Health - May 8, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jancaitis B, Kelpin S, Masho S, May J, Haug NA, Svikis D Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Sense of coherence among Bedouin women in polygamous marriages compared to women in monogamous marriages.
Abstract We compared sense of coherence (SOC) among Bedouin women in polygamous with those in monogamous marriages. SOC is a global orientation toward life as comprehensible, manageable, and meaningful, and is derived from generalized resistance resources that promote effective coping in stressful life situations. Strong SOC may be a resource for strengthening resilience and promoting health. We administered questionnaires to 464 Indigenous Arab Bedouin women (ages 18-49 years) in 2008-2009 using the 13-item SOC questionnaire. Contrary to our hypothesis, SOC was higher among women in polygamous compared to monogam...
Source: Women and Health - May 8, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Daoud N, Berger-Polsky A, Abu-Kaf S, Sagy S Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The efficiency of online cognitive-behavioral therapy for postpartum depressive symptomatology: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract Postpartum depression (PD) is a frequently occurring disorder that affects the cognitive, emotional and social development of a mother after childbirth. Online cognitive-behavioral therapy (OCBT) is used as therapy for PD symptomatology, but no clear evidence is available about its effectiveness. The goal of this meta-analysis was to identify, synthesize and analyze the empiric studies regarding the OCBT effectiveness for PD. A search for indexed articles and unpublished theses between 2000 and 2017 was made in Google Scholar, Proquest, ScienceDirect, APA PsycNet, Cochrane, SpringerLink, Medline, PubMed a...
Source: Women and Health - May 6, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Roman M, Constantin T, Bostan CM Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

State of knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV vaccine and testing: a cross-sectional study among female university students in Cyprus.
This study aimed to evaluate human papillomavirus (HPV)-related knowledge of women aged 18-25 years and estimate the reported uptake of HPV vaccine and testing. A cross-sectional study was conducted among female students of the University of Cyprus between March and April 2017. The participants self-completed a questionnaire, which consisted of 37 items on demographics, general HPV-related knowledge, and HPV vaccination and testing. In total, 283 young females (mean age: 19.7 ± 1.5 years) took part in the study. Of these, about half (53.7%) reported that they were aware of HPV; one-third (30.7%) reported having been...
Source: Women and Health - May 6, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Charalambous I, Ioannou G, Nikolaou S, Theologou R, Yiallourou A, Papatheodorou S, Pantavou KG, Nikolopoulos GK Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Sociodemographic factors associated with postpartum physical activity levels in working women.
This study measured postpartum physical activity of Saudi working women and investigated the relationship between physical activity levels and sociodemographic factors. Study design: Cross-sectional study. This was a cross-sectional study conducted between January and June 2017. Working, postpartum Saudi women completed an online questionnaire including demographic information and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)-short form. Of 486 women responding to the online invitation, 142 (29.2%) were eligible and participated. Based on IPAQ data, 23 (16.2%), 31 (21.8%), and 88 (62.0%) participants performed h...
Source: Women and Health - May 2, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Alsobayel H, Buragadda S, Aljuaid S, Basamad L, Alshehri S, Alhenaki M, Murayshed H, Melam GR Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

"The state of mind tells me it's dirty": menstrual shame amongst women using a vaginal ring in Sub Saharan Africa.
"The state of mind tells me it's dirty": menstrual shame amongst women using a vaginal ring in Sub Saharan Africa. Women Health. 2019 May 01;:1-15 Authors: Duby Z, Katz A, Musara P, Nabukeera J, Zimba CC, Woeber K, Palanee-Phillips T, van der Straten A Abstract Socio-cultural beliefs and practices surrounding menses influence women's sexual and reproductive health behaviors and decision-making. We analyzed menstrual experiences within the context of the MTN-020/ASPIRE clinical trial during which women were asked to use a monthly vaginal ring for HIV prevention. The qualitative component of t...
Source: Women and Health - May 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Duby Z, Katz A, Musara P, Nabukeera J, Zimba CC, Woeber K, Palanee-Phillips T, van der Straten A Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The missing link: exploring the intersection of gender, capabilities, and depressive symptoms in the context of chronic HIV.
Abstract Depressive symptoms occur frequently among people living with HIV, especially women. These symptoms are associated with human, social, financial, and physical/natural capabilities and life stressors that differ between women and men. However, the link between depressive symptoms and functional limitations/disability is seldom discussed in the context of HIV, especially for gender-specific relationships. A cross-sectional survey of 1042 people living with HIV and using long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) in South Africa was conducted from June to August 2014 to investigate the associations of disability...
Source: Women and Health - May 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Hanass-Hancock J, Carpenter B, Myezwa H Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Trends and risk factors associated with the perpetration of physical intimate partner violence by women in Haiti, 2000-2012.
Abstract Trends in the proportion of women reporting ever having perpetrated physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and factors associated with such IPV in Haiti between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed. We used datasets from Haitian couples in the 2000, 2005, and 2012 Demographic and Health Surveys. Physical IPV was assessed by the Conflict Tactics Scale. Trends were tested with the Cochrane-Armitage test. Women's and spouses' factors associated with physical IPV perpetration by women were estimated using binomial multivariable regressions. In 2000, 2005 and 2012, 3.5%, 3.4% and 3.2% women, respectively, reported pe...
Source: Women and Health - April 29, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kayibanda JF, Alary M Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The role of rural communities in the recruitment and retention of women physicians.
Abstract Rural communities in the United States have a shortage of primary care physicians. Women physicians are more likely than male physicians to choose primary care specialties but less likely to locate in rural areas. With an increasing proportion of women physicians, it is important to understand community characteristics that encourage their recruitment and retention. This qualitative study explored community characteristics that influenced successful rural practice. We conducted telephone interviews with 25 women family physicians in rural practice in the United States in 2012. Interviews continued until s...
Source: Women and Health - April 29, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Paladine HL, Hustedde C, Wendling A, Sola O, Prasad R, Bjorkman S, Phillips J Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The relationship between sleep quality and lifestyle in postmenopausal Iranian women: a cross-sectional study.
This study aimed to determine the relationship between sleep quality and lifestyle factors in postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women (n = 252) in Ahvaz, Iran with an age range of 45-55 years, were enrolled from April to December 2015. The study tools included the Lifestyle Questionnaire (LSQ) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The LSQ contains 10 lifestyle factors: physical health, physical activity, weight control and nutrition, psychological health, spiritual health, social health, medications and narcotics avoidance, illness prevention, accident prevention, and environmental health. Data were analyzed using, chi-sq...
Source: Women and Health - April 28, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Tadayon M, Ilkhani M, Abedi P, Haghighi Zadeh M Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

"My mama told me it would happen": menarche and menstruation experiences across generations.
"My mama told me it would happen": menarche and menstruation experiences across generations. Women Health. 2019 Apr 25;:1-12 Authors: DeMaria AL, Delay C, Sundstrom B, Rehberg A, Naoum Z, Ramos-Ortiz J, Meier S, Brig K Abstract The purpose of this study was to understand women's menarche and menstruation-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors across generations. Women ages 18 years and older (Mean = 49.13 ± 14.76 years; Range = 19-78 years) living in South Carolina were recruited to participate in semi-structured interviews during May-...
Source: Women and Health - April 25, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: DeMaria AL, Delay C, Sundstrom B, Rehberg A, Naoum Z, Ramos-Ortiz J, Meier S, Brig K Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The effect of educational text message based on health belief model on osteoporosis preventive behaviors in women: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
This study showed that educational text messages can be effective in increasing awareness, perceived susceptibility and severity, and nutritional behavior change related to risk of osteoporosis. PMID: 30955478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Women and Health)
Source: Women and Health - April 8, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Parandeh L, Shafaie FS, Malakouti J, Mirghafourvand M, Asghari-Jafarabadi M Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Self-esteem and aggression in women: differences between female prisoners and women without criminal records.
This study aimed to explore the relationship between self-esteem and aggression and investigate possible differences in self-esteem and aggression between female inmates and women without criminal records (non-criminals) in the prefecture of Attica, Greece. One hundred fifty-seven female inmates in the Attica's Korydallos Female Prison and 150 non-criminals from Attica's general population completed the Buss & Perry Aggression Questionnaire and Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale between February 2012 and April 2014. Lower self-esteem was associated with higher aggression among women independent of criminality. Self-esteem w...
Source: Women and Health - April 5, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kalemi G, Michopoulos I, Efstathiou V, Tzeferakos G, Gkioka S, Gournellis R, Douzenis A Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Women's empowerment and the use of antenatal care services: analysis of demographic health surveys in five Southeast Asian countries.
Abstract Women's empowerment and use of antenatal care (ANC) services remain important in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). This assessed the association between women's empowerment and ANC use in five ASEAN countries. ANC information for the most recent births of 29,444 currently married women in the last 5 years preceding the Demographic Health Survey was analyzed (Cambodia [DHS2014], Indonesia [DHS2012], Myanmar [DHS2015-2016], Philippines [DHS2013], and Timor-Leste [DHS2009]). Analyses used multiple logistic regression adjusting for complex sampling designs. The number of ANC visits was ...
Source: Women and Health - April 3, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Sebayang SK, Efendi F, Astutik E Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

I wish I had known sooner: stratified reproduction as a consequence of disparities in infertility awareness, diagnosis, and management.
Abstract Infertility affects one in eight couples in the US, yet many couples report feeling blindsided by the diagnosis. Lack of awareness about infertility can lead to missed opportunities for prevention, delays in diagnosis, and greater emotional distress when a diagnosis is made. This paper reports on the results of interviews with 54 American women experiencing infertility, conducted via phone between 2013 and 2015 with participants from across the country. The interviews explored whether differences in infertility awareness were related to patient trajectories for time to diagnosis and initiation of treatmen...
Source: Women and Health - March 31, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Lee M Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus type 18/16 infection and prevalence among middle-aged and older Chinese rural women: a cross-sectional survey in Wufeng, Hubei Province.
This study aimed to measure the prevalence and potential factors related to HPV 16/18 infection among middle-aged and older Chinese rural women. The study was conducted among women aged 35-65 years in rural villages within Wufeng in Hubei Province. Data were collected using a pretested questionnaire between July and August 2015. Cervical specimens were collected for HPV DNA detection and typing by using careHPV. Pearson's Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to examine associations with HPV positivity. Among 1001 participants, the prevalence of HPV 18/16 positive genotyping was 15.88% (n = 159). Husbands' ...
Source: Women and Health - March 27, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Yu Q, Liu Q, Gao Y, Gong H, Tan X, Zhang M, Tuo J, Zhang Y, Xiang Q, Deng F, Liu G Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Evaluating antenatal care in Liberia: evidence from the demographic and health survey.
Abstract Liberia has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios worldwide. Using quality antenatal care (ANC) can prevent maternal mortality. Indicators of quality ANC include: (1) timing of care initiation; (2) number of ANC visits (4+); and (3) ANC with recommended components. The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with quality ANC in Liberia. Data from the 2013 Liberia Demographic and Health Survey were used (n = 5,348). Factors associated with quality ANC were assessed using multiple logistic regression. The majority of women attended at least four ANC visits (76.13%) and initiated care ...
Source: Women and Health - March 27, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Blackstone SR Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

What happens during antenatal visits? An ethnographic study of pregnant women's experiences with midwives in Benin.
This study aimed to understand women's experiences concerning their interactions with midwives during antenatal visits and to explore contextual factors influencing these interactions and the quality of care received. A qualitative study was conducted from June to August 2015 in two primary health facilities in So-Ava, Benin. One hundred seven individual in-depth interviews with 100 pregnant women, five midwives, and two physicians and one focus group discussion with seven government decision-makers were conducted. Despite midwives' good intentions, most pregnant women reported absenteeism, delays, cold attitudes, fear-bas...
Source: Women and Health - March 27, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Danhoundo G, Pilkington B, Nasiri K Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Occupational violence among female workers in an Iranian industrial area.
This study explored the prevalence of various types of violence and associated factors among female workers in the industrial sector. This descriptive survey was conducted in eleven industrial sites in Kashan, Iran, from April through September 2014. We used a 78-item questionnaire to obtain data from 817 female workers. More than half of the participants reported having experienced at least one type of violence. The prevalence rates of verbal aggression, sexual harassment, and physical violence were 52.5%, 12% and 11.5%, respectively. Single female workers (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.06, 95% CI = 1....
Source: Women and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Saberi HR, Motalebi Kashani M, Dehdashti A Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Major risk factors for chronic venous disease development in women: is childbirth among them?
ić B Abstract Many studies have reported that Chronic venous disease (CVD) occurs more in females than males, due to pregnancy. The study was conducted over the period 2014-2015 at the Dermatovenereological clinic, Novi Sad, Serbia. We performed a cross-sectional study of 554 women. According to Clinical-Etiology-Anatomy-Pathophysiology (CEAP) staging, the sample was divided into three groups: Mild CVD (classes 1-3 by CEAP) - n = 72; Severe CVD (classes 4-6 by CEAP) - n = 122 and a Control (no CVD) - n = 360 patients. The age range of participants was 18 to 93 years (average 54.92 years). Most important CVD risk ...
Source: Women and Health - March 24, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Matić M, Matić A, Gajinov Z, Golušin Z, Prćić S, Jeremić B Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Changing the perception of premenstrual dysphoric disorder - An online-experiment using the Stereotype Content Model.
Abstract Women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) are often faced with prejudices about the premenstrual phase. The aim of this study was to investigate whether providing information (psychoeducation) could improve study participants' perception of a PMDD-patient and whether experimentally-induced prejudices about PMDD resulted in stigmatization. Two hundred sixteen students (50% female; aged 18-42 years) from Philipps University Marburg participated in January 2014. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups (EG1, EG2) or to a control group (CG). EG1 read a text informing ...
Source: Women and Health - March 24, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Janda C, Asbrock F, Herget M, Kues JN, Weise C Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Explaining the gender gap in health services use among Ghanaian community-dwelling older cohorts.
We examined the relation of gender to use of health care among community-dwelling older Ghanaians (N =  1200) and whether marital status and income moderated this relationship using data from the Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study conducted in 2016/2017. Multivariate logistic regression modeling showed no significant gender disparities in use of health care, adjusting for covariates. However, married women were less likely to use health care than married men (adjusted Odds Ratio [aOR] = 0.324, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.146-0.718). Further, while married older peo...
Source: Women and Health - March 20, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Gyasi RM, Phillips DR, David R Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Correlates of C-section in Punjab: a disaggregated analysis at the level of rural-urban residential status and place of delivery.
This study identified the correlates of C-section delivery and whether they differed by the urban/rural residence of women and place of delivery (public vs. private). Using multivariate logistic regression analyses of data from the Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) collected from June-October, 2014 for all women who gave birth in the prior two years (N = 10,558), we found that rich women were statistically no different from poor women in their odds of delivery by C-section in the generally more expensive private health facilities (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.23; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.88-1.71); rich women w...
Source: Women and Health - March 20, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Abbas F, Amir-Ud-Din R Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Gender, socioeconomic, medical, and environmental factors related to domestic accidents of the elderly in Spain. Findings of a national survey.
Carmona-Torres JM Abstract Domestic accidents pose serious threats to the independence of the elderly. We explored associations between domestic accidents and gender, socioeconomic, medical, and environmental factors using data from the European Health Survey 2014 for elderly Spanish female and male nationals. Records of 5960 participants (mean age ± SD: 75.9 ± 7.6 years), 59.8% of whom were women, were examined. Domestic accidents occurred in 460 (7.1%) seniors, predominately in women (78.5%). Age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1.02 [95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-1.03, p = .003], female gender (aO...
Source: Women and Health - March 18, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: López-Soto PJ, Morales-Cané I, Smolensky MH, Manfredini R, Dios-Guerra C, Rodríguez-Borrego MA, Carmona-Torres JM Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life questionnaire for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOSQ-50): a psychometric study with the Serbian version.
This study aimed to analyze the measurement properties of the Health-related quality of life questionnaire for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOSQ-50) in a sample of Serbian women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Seventy-six women with PCOS from an endocrinology clinic and 28 healthy women participated between October 2016 and March 2017. The measure was rigorously translated and culturally adapted into Serbian. Psychometric evaluation included descriptive analysis, internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient), test-retest reliability (intraclass-correlation coefficient - ICC) and construct validity testing. Cron...
Source: Women and Health - March 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Stevanovic D, Bozic-Antic I, Stanojlovic O, Vojnovic Milutinovic D, Bjekic-Macut J, Jancic J, Macut D Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Psychometric validation of the Prenatal Distress Questionnaire (PDQ) in pregnant women in Spain.
Ramírez MI Abstract The Prenatal Distress Questionnaire (PDQ) was developed among English-speaking women in the United States to assess specific worries and concerns during pregnancy. Our aim was to analyze the factor structure of the PDQ, using confirmatory factor analysis, and assess its convergent validity in Spanish women. A sample of 233 pregnant women with ages ranging from 19 to 42 years in the south of Spain (Europe) (January 2015 - March 2016) completed the translated PDQ, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-revised (SCL-90-R). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a ...
Source: Women and Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Caparros-Gonzalez RA, Perra O, Alderdice F, Lynn F, Lobel M, García-García I, Peralta-Ramírez MI Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Factors related to prenatal smoking among socioeconomically disadvantaged women.
Abstract Socioeconomically disadvantaged pregnant women are especially at risk for smoking. To understand better this health behavior disparity, this systematic, integrative, comprehensive review aimed to identify factors related to prenatal smoking among socioeconomically disadvantaged women in the United States. A comprehensive literature search yielded 67 articles published between 2008 and 2016. Associated factors included any study variable related to persistent prenatal smoking. The Social Ecological Model (SEM), a multidimensional ecological framework, was used to organize the findings. Thirty-eight factors...
Source: Women and Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Yang I, Hall L Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Use of sexual health services among American Indian and Alaska Native Women.
Abstract Because use of sexual health services among American Indian/Alaska Native women is understudied we: (1) examined disparities in use of sexual health services between American Indian/Alaska Native and non-Hispanic white women and (2) identified factors associated with service use among American Indian/Alaska Native women. We used data from the National Survey of Family Growth regarding the use of sexual health services collected between 2006 and 2010 from women aged 15-44 years who self-identified as American Indian/Alaska Native (n = 819) and white (n = 6,196). Weighted logistic regression models estimate...
Source: Women and Health - March 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Cahn MA, Harvey SM, Gonzales K Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Gestational age-specific reference values of placental thickness in normal pregnant women.
Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the reference values of the placental thickness in 400 normal pregnant women during weeks 16-41 of gestation who were referred to the Mahdiyeh hospital during January 2014-February 2015. The placental thickness at the junction of the umbilical artery was measured using ultrasonography. Multivariable linear regression was used to model the mean placental thickness and assess associations with measured covariates, including gestational age (GA). Centiles for placental thickness distribution were estimated according to the modulus exponential-normal model. The mean and ...
Source: Women and Health - February 21, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Keshavarz E, Motevasselian M, Amirnazeri B, Bahramzadeh S, Mohammadkhani H, Mehrjardi Z, Razzaz M, Bakhtiyari M Tags: Women Health Source Type: research