Peri and pos menopausal women in times of coronavirus pandemic.
Abstract The global pandemic of novel coronavirus disease 2019 has transformed health care around the world. Physicians and health-care providers face a great challenge regarding medical management notably women going through the perimenopause or those who are postmenopausal, some of them with medical comorbidities. Cancer care and screening have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19 which may have direct effects on oncological treatments. Furthermore, a major concern during the periods of social isolation involves the relationship between couples. Our attention on health and health care during this unprece...
Source: Women and Health - July 16, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Hipolito Rodrigues M, Carneiro M Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Perceived harms of and exposure to tobacco use and current tobacco use among reproductive-aged women from the PATH study.
Abstract Data for this study were obtained from reproductive-aged women (aged 18-44 years, at wave 1) from waves 1 (2013-2014) and 2 (2014-2015) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study (n = 13,241). Bivariate and multinomial regression analyses were performed associating past 30-day use of cigarettes only, e-cigarettes only, and dual use with perceptions of harm, exposure to tobacco product use, and sociodemographic variables. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were conducted. Of all reproductive-aged women included in the analyses, 75.5 percent reported no tobacco use, 16.9 perce...
Source: Women and Health - July 12, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Do EK, Nicksic NE, Clifford JS, Hayes A, Fuemmeler BF Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with breast cancer screening behaviors in a sample of Jamaican women in 2013.
In this study authors aimed to investigate the barriers to participation of a sample of Jamaican women in mammography screening. The data were obtained from a previous survey that was conducted in Jamaica from June to August 2013 in the four parishes (Hanover, St. James, Trelawny, and Westmoreland) served by the Western Regional Health Authority (WRHA). WRHA served four hospitals, five non-randomized health centers, and five sites of community events. The sample consisted of women ranging in age between 35 and 83 years, with the mean age of 50.2 (SD = 10.6). The authors used a logistic regression to determin...
Source: Women and Health - July 12, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Balas N, Yun H, Jaeger BC, Aung M, Jolly PE Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Consequences associated with the use of psychoactive substances among female adolescents placed in residential care: the role of sexual exploitation.
This study explored the association between sexual exploitation and the various consequences associated with substance use among adolescent female (15.3-17.1 years old) living in Quebec's residential care centers during 2008-2009. To better understand this association, 83 sexually exploited female adolescents and 66 non-sexually exploited female adolescents responded to self-reported questionnaires. As expected, even controlling for age of onset and frequency of substance use, an ANCOVA showed that sexually exploited female adolescents experience more consequences associated with their use of psychoactive substances (...
Source: Women and Health - July 12, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Couture S, Lanctôt N, Parent G, Lemieux S, Lemieux A Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to cervical cancer screening uptake among women in Nepal - a qualitative study.
Abstract The global incidence of cervical cancer is approximately 570,000 cases and 311,000 deaths annually. Almost 90% of cervical cancer deaths occur in low and middle income countries. Screening is the most effective tool in prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of cervical cancer. Nepal has no national cervical cancer screening programme, and data from 2003 showed that only 2.8% of Nepalese women had ever been screened. We conducted a qualitative study to obtain better insight into barriers and facilitators to cervical cancer screening among women in Nepal to generate data to inform interventions. In Febr...
Source: Women and Health - July 9, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Greibe Andersen J, Shrestha AD, Gyawali B, Neupane D, Kallestrup P Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Why place and space matter for intimate partner violence survivors' mental wellbeing and communities in Northeastern Uganda.
Abstract The context of place matters for mental health. Employing a feminist framework, this study used key informant interviews and focus group discussions in May 2012 with 77 conflict-affected adults, children, and adolescents in Northeastern Uganda to understand the relation of place and the symbolic space of family to IPV survivors' mental wellbeing to shape intervention possibilities. Using Grounded Theory methods, narratives identified numerous negative mental health experiences, such as having a disturbed mind, associated with inhabiting a violent domestic space. Place-associated qualities interacted with ...
Source: Women and Health - July 9, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mootz JJ, Stabb SD, Carlson C, Helpman L, Onyango Mangen P, Wainberg ML Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Comorbid pain experiences in young women with dysmenorrhea.
Abstract The association among dysmenorrhea, chronic pain, and conditions classified as central sensitivity syndromes (CSS) is largely unknown. We investigated the co-occurrence of dysmenorrhea with chronic pain and other CSS (e.g., fibromyalgia, migraines); and, whether severity of menstrual symptoms was associated with severity of chronic pain and of somatic symptoms. Women from a mid-sized Canadian university women (N = 248, Mage = 21.52) completed measures of menstrual pain severity, chronic pain severity, somatic symptoms severity, and the presence of comorbid CSS. Pearson's correlations a...
Source: Women and Health - July 8, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Gagnon MM, Elgendy R Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Using social cognitive theory to explain physical activity in Iranian women preparing for pregnancy.
Abstract Despite the known useful effects of regular physical activity during the preconception period on pregnancy outcomes, sedentary lifestyle is a prevalent phenomenon in reproductive-aged women. Using social cognitive theory (SCT) as its theoretical framework, the aim of this study was to explain physical activity model in the women preparing for pregnancy in Isfahan, Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 220 Iranian women undergoing preconception care. The SCT constructs were measured using a researcher-made questionnaire. The duration of physical activity with moderate/severe intensity was also ...
Source: Women and Health - July 7, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kazemi A, Toghiyani Z, Nekoei-Zahraei N Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Obstetrician-gynecologist and patient factors associated with intimate partner violence screening in a clinical setting.
This study investigated obstetrician-gynecologists' intimate partner violence screening patterns and physician and patient factors associated with screening. Four hundred obstetricians-gynecologists completed the Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Survey between December 2014 and July 2015. Their patients completed the Patient Safety and Satisfaction Survey. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling analyzed physician and patient variables related to the likelihood of being screened. Forty-four physicians responded. The viable patient response rate was 81.3 percent (n = 894) of patients from includ...
Source: Women and Health - July 2, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jones KM, Carter MM, Bianchi AL, Zeglin RJ, Schulkin J Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Maternal preconception body mass index and time-to-pregnancy in Shanghai Women, China.
This study investigated the association between preconception body mass index (BMI) and time to pregnancy (TTP) in women planning to conceive from Shanghai, China. A total of 1,182 women aged 24-46 years were recruited from the Shanghai Birth Cohort between 2013 and 2015 and were followed up for 12 months. Preconception BMI was categorized as underweight, normal weight, and overweight/obesity according to the Chinese classification of BMI. Fecundability (FOR) and infertility (IOR) odds ratios were estimated using Cox (n = 1,092) and Logistic (n = 820) regression models, respectively. We found ...
Source: Women and Health - July 1, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Hu P, Cai C, Vinturache A, Hu Y, Gao Y, Zhang J, Lu M, Gu H, Qiao J, Tian Y, Ding G Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Association between change in maternal physical activity during pregnancy and infant size, in a sample overweight or obese women.
The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in prenatal PA and infant birthweight in a group of overweight or obese pregnant women. We employed a prospective analysis using data from a randomized controlled exercise trial (2001 to 2006) in sedentary, overweight or obese pregnant women in Michigan. Women with complete data on peak oxygen consumption, daily PA (via pedometers) and birthweight were included in the analyses. Change in PA was estimated via repeated measures analyses, and then its influence on infant birthweight was assessed via linear regression. Eighty-nine pregnant women were included and considered l...
Source: Women and Health - June 26, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: McDonald SM, Yeo S, Liu J, Wilcox S, Sui X, Pate RR Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Endometriosis and migraine headache risk: a meta-analysis.
Abstract There is high prevalence of both migraine and endometriosis; however, the association between both is controversial. This systematic review evaluated the association between endometriosis and the risk of migraine headache. A search was done of the following international electronic bibliographic databases including: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus to May 2020. Heterogeneity among studies was determined by Q-test and I2 statistic. Publication bias was assessed by Begg's and Egger's tests. The results were reported using the odds ratio (OR) estimate with its 95% confidence interval (CI) using a random-ef...
Source: Women and Health - June 18, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jenabi E, Khazaei S Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Social support in the healthcare of women submitted to breast cancer treatment.
This study aimed to verify the prevalence of low social support (LSS) and associated factors in women submitted to breast cancer (BC) treatment. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 101 female residents of the municipality of Natal (Northeast Brazil), diagnosed with BC and submitted to oncological treatment. Data collection took place between July/2015 and May/2016 from medical records and individuals' interviews, and from the Medical Outcome Study-Social Support Survey. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistics were carried out through Poisson's regression with robust variance and significance level 0.05....
Source: Women and Health - June 10, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Sousa Rodrigues Guedes T, Patrocínio da Silva Barros C, Dantas de Oliveira NP, Martins Holanda A, Albuquerque Reis M, Rocha E Silva BL, Barbosa Otoni Gonçalves Guedes M, Jerez-Roig J, Bezerra de Souza DL Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms: a study of Vietnamese women who migrated to South Korea due to marriage.
This study examined the experience of perceived discrimination and its impact on depressive symptoms among women who migrated in the specific context of marriage. Using social constructionism and the stress appraisal model, this study conceptualized perceived discrimination as a potential source of stress and hypothesized that it would negatively impact the mental health of migrant women. A survey sample of 212 Vietnamese marriage migrant women in South Korea was used for the final analysis. Perceived discrimination was measured using the adapted Everyday Discrimination Scale (EDS). Overall, approximately 62% of the sample...
Source: Women and Health - June 4, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Cho YJ, Jang Y, Ko JE, Lee SH, Moon SK Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Concomitants of menopause-specific quality of life in premenopausal and post-menopausal women living in South Korea.
Abstract The present study investigated the concomitants of menopause-specific quality of life among premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Based on the Wilson and Cleary model of quality of life, this cross-sectional study recruited 329 women of age 40-65 years following operational convenience. The study was conducted in the office of the Korea Population, Health and Welfare Association (KPHWA) in Incheon, South Korea. Data collected on sociodemographic characteristics, social support, biological/physiological characteristics, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-K), and self-rated health. Menopause-sp...
Source: Women and Health - May 28, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Lee BG, Ham OK, Kim SH, Lee EJ, Kang HS, Chae D Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and factors associated with intimate partner violence against women in The Gambia: a population-based analysis.
In this study, we examined the prevalence and factors associated with the different forms of IPV against Gambian women. We used a sample of 3,116 currently married women age (15 ~ 49 years) from The Gambia Demographic and Health Survey 2013. Logistic regression models were used to examine factors associated with Physical Violence (PV), Sexual Violence (SV), and Emotional Violence (EV). Over 40% (n = 1,248) of women reported at least one form of IPV. The prevalence of PV, SV and EV was 20.6%, 4.3%, and 15.1% respectively. Women married at age 18 ~ 24 (adjusted Odds Ratio [aOR]SV =&nbs...
Source: Women and Health - May 18, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jabbi A, Ndow B, Senghore T, Sanyang E, Kargbo JC, Bass P Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Body weight perceptions and obesity amongst university employed South African women.
This study aimed to rigorously assess body weight perceptions according to several body image dimensions in rural, employed African women. One hundred and thirty-two employed black African women were recruited at a rural South African university. Participants were asked to choose their 'ideal' and 'feel' perceived body size from nine standardized body image silhouettes, varying according to body size. Three body image dimensions of interest were measured, (1) 'feel' minus 'ideal' index (FID), (2) perceived minus the actual weight status (PAD) index and (3) valorization of stoutness index (participants that chose silhouette...
Source: Women and Health - May 6, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Gradidge PJ, Golele P, Cohen E Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Gender differences in the association between functional limitation and depressive symptoms: the salience of food insecurity.
Abstract The present study evaluated gender differences in the associations of functional limitation with food insecurity and depressive symptoms. Using data from 3,624 respondents ages 18to 80 years from two pooled cross-sectional cycles (2011-2012 and 2013-2014) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), a structural equation model was estimated to assess gender differences in the association between physical limitation and food insecurity, and whether indicators of economic resources mediated an observed interaction. Results demonstrate that food insecurity accounted for about one-tenthof...
Source: Women and Health - May 5, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Brown RL, Ciciurkaite G, Imlay A Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

South African abortion attitudes from 2007-2016: the roles of religiosity and attitudes toward sexuality and gender equality.
Abstract Abortion is legal in South Africa, but negative abortion attitudes remain common and are poorly understood. We used nationally representative South African Social Attitudes Survey data to analyze abortion attitudes in the case of fetal anomaly and in the case of poverty from 2007 to 2016 (n = 20,711; ages = 16+). We measured correlations between abortion attitudes and these important predictors: religiosity, attitudes about premarital sex, attitudes about preferential hiring and promotion of women, and attitudes toward family gender roles. Abortion acceptability for poverty increased o...
Source: Women and Health - April 6, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mosley EA, Schulz AJ, Harris LH, Anderson BA Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Comparison of mammography behaviors, health beliefs, and fear levels of women with and without familial breast cancer history.
Abstract This comparative descriptive study compared mammography behaviors, health beliefs, and fear levels of Turkish women aged 40-69 years, who had or did not have a familial breast cancer history (FBCH). The sample included first-degree female relatives (n = 350) of 220 female patients who had received breast cancer treatment at Akdeniz University Hospital and first-degree female relatives of women who did not have a FBCH (n = 300) who had applied to a Family Health Center (FHC) in Antalya. Data were collected between October 2015 and March 2016. The percentage of women who regularly had a mammo...
Source: Women and Health - April 6, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Erdoğan E, Tuzcu A Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The impact of a randomized dietary and physical activity intervention on chronic inflammation among obese African-American women.
Abstract Lifestyle interventions may reduce inflammation and lower breast cancer (BrCa) risk. This randomized trial assessed the impact of the Sistas Inspiring Sistas Through Activity and Support (SISTAS) study on plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII). This unblinded, dietary and physical activity trial was implemented in 337 obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 kg/m2) African American (AA) women recruited between 2011 and 2015 in South Carolina through a community-based participatory approach with measurements at baseline, 3 months, and 12 months. Part...
Source: Women and Health - April 5, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Babatunde OA, Arp Adams S, Truman S, Sercy E, Murphy AE, Khan S, Hurley TG, Wirth MD, Choi SK, Johnson H, Hebert JR Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Exploring gender differences among treatment-seekers who use opioids versus alcohol and other drugs.
Abstract Identifying clinical differences between opioid users (OU) and alcohol and other drug users (AOD) may help to tailor treatment to OU, particularly among the majority of OU who are not on opioid agonist treatments. Given the dearth of research on these differences, this study explored gender differences in demographic and clinical characteristics between OU and AOD. Participants (N = 506) were from a multisite, randomized controlled clinical trial of an Internet-delivered psychosocial intervention conducted in 2010-2011. Logistic regression models explored differences in demographic and clinical ...
Source: Women and Health - March 31, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Saraiya TC, Pavlicova M, Hu MC, Nunes EV, Hien DA, Campbell ANC Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

A field tool for the aerobic power evaluation of middle-aged female recreational runners.
This study used time to exhaustion (TTE) to predict V̇O2max in female recreational master runners. Forty-two middle-aged women (mean = 40.5 ± 5.9 years) who had trained for recreational running performed two Université de Montréal Track Tests in the facilities of the University of Barcelona (Spain). The first was performed on a treadmill (t), the second, on an athletics track (field: f). After measuring TTE and V̇O2max on the treadmill, a first-order equation was obtained to estimate fV̇O2max from fTTE. No significant difference was observed between the estimated fV̇O2max (...
Source: Women and Health - March 30, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Bonet JB, Magalhães J, Viscor G, Pagès T, Javierre CF, Torrella JR Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Tailoring an evidence-based lifestyle intervention to meet the needs of women Veterans with prediabetes.
Abstract Prediabetes affects one-third of U.S. adults. Lifestyle change interventions, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), can significantly lower type 2 diabetes risk, but little is known about how the DPP could be best adapted for women. This mixed-methods study assessed the impact of gender-tailoring and modality choice on DPP engagement among women Veterans with prediabetes. Participants were offered women-only groups and either in-person/peer-led or online modalities. Implementation outcomes were assessed using attendance logs, recruitment calls, and semi-structured interviews about patient prefere...
Source: Women and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Dyer KE, Moreau JL, Finley E, Bean-Mayberry B, Farmer MM, Bernet D, Kress A, Lewis JL, Batuman FK, Haskell SG, Hamilton AB, Moin T Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Understanding the role of mother guilt and self-compassion in health behaviors in mothers with young children.
Abstract We explored whether the guilt mothers of young children feel about engaging in health behaviors mediates the relationship between self-compassion and self-reported engagement in health-promoting behaviors such as physical activity, eating a healthy diet and getting enough sleep. In this online, cross-sectional study, 143 mothers of young children completed measures of self-compassion, guilt about taking time to engage in health-promoting behaviors, trait guilt, health-promoting behaviors, self-esteem, and demographics. Mediation analysis, using Hayes' PROCESS macro showed that mother guilt mediated the re...
Source: Women and Health - January 14, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Miller CL, Strachan SM Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Foreign objects in college bodies: young women's feelings about long-acting reversible contraception (LARC).
This article reports findings from a focus group study conducted with a convenience sample of 45 women, ages 18-25 years, enrolled in a large public university in the southeastern USA in April 2017. Focus groups combined LARC users and non-users and elicited a range of positive and negative affective responses to LARC. Some participants had an aversion to LARC because they perceived them to be unnatural, while others felt a sense of security because of their long-term effectiveness. Feelings about the location and mode of insertion for the intrauterine device (IUD) versus the implant played a significant role in the d...
Source: Women and Health - January 8, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mann ES, White AL, Beavin C, Dys G Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The effect of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact on the involution process and maternal postpartum fatigue during the early postpartum period.
This study aimed to determine such effects in a randomized controlled trial conducted in a hospital in Sivas, Turkey. Seventy-five women were randomized into one of two groups. The Mother-Infant Information Form, Involution Process Evaluation Form and Visual Analogue Scale for Fatigue were used to collect data between October 1, 2015 and May 1, 2016. Repeated Measures ANOVAs were used for data analyzes. In the intervention group, routine care and mother-to-infant skin-to-skin contact were provided for 30 minutes in first postnatal hour. In the control group, routine care was provided. At the postnatal second, fourth a...
Source: Women and Health - December 26, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Tosun Güleroğlu F, Mucuk S, Özgürlük İ Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Comparative effectiveness of a standard behavioral and physical activity enhanced behavioral weight loss intervention in Black women.
This study compared the effectiveness of a culturally-relevant, physical activity-enhanced behavioral weight loss intervention to a standard behavioral weight loss intervention in Black women (n = 85) over 6 months. The study was conducted in two cohorts from March 2016 to February 2017 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Participants had an average age of 48.30 ± 11.02 years with an average body mass index of 36.46 ± 4.50 kg/m2. Standard and enhanced groups' weight change (-2.83 kg and -2.08 kg, respectively) and change in physical activity (43.93 min/ week and 15.29 min/week, respectively) d...
Source: Women and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Blackman Carr LT, Samuel-Hodge CD, Ward DS, Evenson KR, Bangdiwala SI, Tate DF Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Psychological distress among low-income mothers: the role of public and private safety nets.
Abstract Poverty is linked with a host of negative outcomes. Approximately one-third of unmarried mothers and their children live in poverty in the United States. Public and private supports have the potential to mitigate the adverse effects of poverty; however, these supports may be unstable over time. The purpose of this study was to determine public and private safety net configurations of low-income mothers longitudinally and test linkages between safety net configurations and maternal psychological distress. Using longitudinal data from the Welfare, Children, Families project conducted in 1999, 2001, and 2005...
Source: Women and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Radey M, McWey L, Cui M Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Gender differences in clinical and psychological variables associated with the burden of headache in tension-type headache.
te;ndez-De-Las-Peñas C Abstract Our aim was to assess gender differences in variables associated with the emotional and physical burdens of tension-type headache (TTH). Participants with TTH diagnosed according to the ICHD-III were recruited from three university-based hospitals (in Spain, Italy, Denmark) between January 2015 and June 2017. The physical/emotional headache burden was assessed with the Headache Disability Inventory (HDI-P/HDI-E, respectively). Headache features were collected with a four-week diary. Sleep quality was assessed with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The Hospital Anxiety and Depre...
Source: Women and Health - December 3, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Fuensalida-Novo S, Parás-Bravo P, Jiménez-Antona C, Castaldo M, Wang K, Benito-González E, Arendt-Nielsen L, Fernández-De-Las-Peñas C Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The impact of serostatus disclosure on spousal relationships between wives and HIV-positive husbands who have sex with men in China.
This study explored the impact of serostatus disclosure on the spousal relationship between wives and their HIV-positive husbands who have had sex with men. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted in Sichuan, China in 2017 with wives (n = 31) who had known their husbands' HIV-positive status. Participants were identified by local governmental and non-governmental organizations that provide routine services for people living with HIV and their family members. Qualitative data underwent a detailed content analysis. Both positive and negative impacts on the spousal relationship were expres...
Source: Women and Health - November 26, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Cao W, Wong HM, Yang X, Wagley N, Wong J, Chang C Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and associated factors in middle-aged women: a cross-sectional study in Northeast Brazil.
ÁCC Abstract We determined the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and associated factors in 419 women (aged 40 to 65 years) in Northeast Brazil in a cross-sectional study conducted from April to November 2013. We defined MetS using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria. Socio-demographic variables, reproductive factors, lifestyle factors, anthropometrics, body composition, quality of life, and physical performance were assessed for their associations. We constructed multivariate Poisson regression models to estimate prevalence rate ratios (PRR) and...
Source: Women and Health - November 15, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Moreira MA, Vafaei A, da Câmara SMA, Nascimento RAD, de Morais MDSM, Almeida MDG, Maciel ÁCC Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Regional pattern of hysterectomy among women in India: Evidence from a recent large scale survey.
Abstract Hysterectomy is one of the major public health issues today. In India, women's attitudes toward menstruation may be a significant driver in seeking hysterectomy. Therefore, we attempted to study the prevalence, associated factors and reasons for hysterectomy among 540,671 ever-married women aged 15-49 years, using data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) conducted during 2015-16 in India. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. These analyses revealed that the prevalence of hysterectomy was 4.1%. The prevalence was highest in the southern region and lowest in the north-...
Source: Women and Health - November 12, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Meher T, Sahoo H Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Polyvictimization and mental health consequences of female genital mutilation/circumcision (FGM/C) among Somali refugees in Kenya.
This study aimed to explore the relation of FGM/C to mental and physical conditions in Somali refugees displaced in a low-resource setting, applying the concept of poly-victimization to reveal multifaceted trauma sequelae. Data for this cross-sectional study with 143 female Somali youth living in Eastleigh, Kenya were collected between April and May in 2013. FGM/C was strongly associated with negative physical and mental health outcomes, including post-traumatic stress disorder and depressive, anxiety, and somatic symptoms. Logistic regression analysis revealed that separation from a parent and poly-victimization experienc...
Source: Women and Health - November 11, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Im H, Swan LET, Heaton L Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Supporting Our Lifelong Engagement: Mothers and Teens Exercising (SOLE MATES); a feasibility trial.
This study aimed to examine the feasibility of the Supporting Our Lifelong Engagement; Mothers and Teens Exercising (SOLE MATES) program. SOLE MATES, a single-arm six-week feasibility trial, comprised six face-to-face sessions. Participants were mothers (n = 27) with daughters (n = 31) aged 12-16 years. Data were collected in Ireland between January 2018 and March 2018. Feasibility benchmarks examined recruitment, data collection, acceptability, resources and participant responses. The primary outcome was daughters' step counts, measured via sealed pedometer for seven consecutive days at baseline a...
Source: Women and Health - November 10, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Corr M, McMullen J, Morgan PJ, Barnes A, Murtagh EM Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Personal trauma among healthcare providers: implications for screening practices.
We examined the association between health care providers' (HCPs) experience of physical or sexual trauma and their screening of female patients for trauma. HCPs at an urban academic medical institution were surveyed from September through November 2016. The Brief Trauma (BTQ) and Sexual and Physical Abuse History Questionnaires (SPAHQ) assessed their own experiences of trauma. The Screening Practices Questionnaire (SPQ) assessed HCPs trauma screening. Multiple regression analyses were performed. Among 212 respondents aged 22-67 years, most were female (78.3%) and white (76.1%). Nurses (41.0%) were the largest occupat...
Source: Women and Health - October 31, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Cooper C, Coleman J, Irvin N, Lee A, Antoine D Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Female university students' menstrual-hygiene management and factors associated with genitourinary-tract infections in Korea.
This study examined female university students' menstrual-hygiene management and identified factors associated with genitourinary tract infections in this sample. This study was conducted as a descriptive survey. Participants were 383 female students from six universities in South Korea. Data were collected between April and June, 2017. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to access the factors associated with genitourinary-tract infections. Multiple logistic regression revealed that genitourinary tract infections were significantly associated with low socioeconomic level, history of sexual intercourse, and vagin...
Source: Women and Health - October 20, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Kim KM, Choi JS Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The soothing-affiliation system and body appreciation: recollected and present affect.
ira C Abstract Attachment and affiliation-related affect has been stated to be a powerful regulator of human development, maturation, well-being and health. Accordingly, as research on positive body image has evolved, data on the association between non-judgmental interpersonal relationships and body appreciation has emerged. The present study sought to explore a model linking memories of early affiliative relationships with body appreciation via higher current social safeness and the experience of positive affect in a sample of Portuguese women aged between 18 and 50 years (N = 286). Online data collect...
Source: Women and Health - October 15, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Marta-Simões J, Ferreira C Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Identifying variables in relation to health-related quality of life among married women of reproductive age in Sivas Turkey.
Abstract A cross-sectional study was performed to identify the factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among 1,236 married Turkish women aged 15-49 years, in the urban area of Sivas, between January and July 2017. Multiple logistic regression analyzes showed that being unemployed [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.73, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.18-2.25], and having an unsatisfying sexual life (AOR = 1.54, 95% CI = 1.17-2.03), a chronic illness (AOR = 1.66, 95% CI = 1.27-2.17), more than three children (AOR = 1.38, 9...
Source: Women and Health - October 6, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Nur N Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Women's employment and family planning in rural Uganda.
This study analyzed the link between women's employment and family planning in rural Uganda and addressed shortcomings in the literature by using nationally representative panel data from the 2010 and 2012 rounds of the Uganda National Panel Survey for 800 women aged 15-49 years, and estimating heterogeneous effects for different types of employment and across socio-economic characteristics. Employment was not associated with greater use of modern contraceptives, but off-farm wage-employed women were more likely to use traditional contraception. The correlation of employment was strongest for women who had reached their de...
Source: Women and Health - October 6, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Van den Broeck G Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The effects of head rotation exercise on postural balance, muscle strength, and gait in older women.
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of resistive exercise (RE) with head rotation exercise (RE+HRE) on postural balance, lower limb muscle strength, and gait in older women. This study was conducted from December 7, 2015 to January 29, 2016 in Seoul, South Korea. Forty older women were recruited at welfare center and randomly allocated to RE+HRE (n = 20) or RE (n = 20) groups. The RE+HRE group performed RE+HRE for 60 min twice per week for 6 weeks, using an elastic band with variable resistance along the length. The HRE included horizontal or vertical head movement during the exercise. The RE group performed RE in a s...
Source: Women and Health - October 6, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Choi W, Han C, Lee S Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Correlates of African American sexual assault survivors' medical care seeking.
Abstract African American women are at higher risk for sexual assault than other racial/ethnic groups and have an overall high prevalence of lifetime sexual assault. Despite elevated risk and prevalence, African American survivors are often reluctant to use services in the aftermath of sexual assault. Yet, little research has focused exclusively on African American women's sexual assault experiences including their experiences of medical care seeking. A mail survey study was conducted in Chicago (2010-2011) to understand better African American women's sexual assault experiences in relationship to post-assault med...
Source: Women and Health - October 6, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Ullman SE, Lorenz K Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Gender differences? Factors related to quality of life among patients with Heart failure.
Abstract Heart failure (HF) is a chronic, progressive disease that substantially decreases patients' quality of life. Few studies have compared quality of life and its related factors across genders in patients with HF. To explore gender differences in quality of life and related factors among adult patients with HF. A comparative study was conducted with 245 HF patients recruited from a medical center and a regional teaching hospital in Taiwan from February 2009 to February 2011. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used, including stepwise multiple regressions. The mean quality of life scores of males wer...
Source: Women and Health - September 10, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Shih ML, Tsai ST, Chen HM, Chou FH, Liu Y Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

The effect of counseling based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory on sexual self-efficacy and quality of sexual life.
This study aimed to determine the effect of counseling, based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory, on sexual self-efficacy and quality of sexual life. This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 96 newlywed women in Zanjan, Iran during 2015-2016. The participants were assigned to the control and intervention groups through block randomization. Six 90-minute counseling sessions were held weekly for participants in the intervention group. Questionnaires of sexual self-efficacy and quality of sexual life were completed before and 8 weeks after the end of intervention. No significant difference was observed between groups ...
Source: Women and Health - September 10, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Alimohammadi L, Zarei F, Mirghafourvand M Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Predicting walking as exercise in women with fibromyalgia from the perspective of the theory of planned behavior.
edó A, Velasco L Abstract Based on the theory of planned behavior, this study examined factors related to the intention to adhere to an unsupervised walking program and the intention-behavior gap in relation to walking adherence in women with fibromyalgia. We also accounted for specific variables: fear of movement, pain intensity, distress and disability. TPB constructs, walking behavior and the above-mentioned variables were assessed in 274 women aged 18 to 70 years old (mean 51.8, range 25.5-69.1 years) at baseline and seven weeks later (n = 219) during 2012. Intention to adhere to a w...
Source: Women and Health - September 5, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Pastor-Mira MA, López-Roig S, Peñacoba C, Sanz-Baños Y, Lledó A, Velasco L Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with low health literacy among community-dwelling women in Taiwan.
Abstract The present study investigated factors associated with health literacy in community-dwelling Taiwanese women, particularly focusing on those associated with prevalent unhealthy behaviors. This cross-sectional study recruited 353 community-dwelling women aged 39-89 years from February to October 2015 in urban, suburban, and rural areas. Variables investigated included physical activity, community activity, tobacco usage, alcohol consumption, and betel-nut chewing. Degree of health literacy was evaluated using the Chinese-language version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire. Most respo...
Source: Women and Health - September 5, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Huang CH, Talley PC, Lin CW, Huang RY, Liu IT, Chiang IH, Lu IC, Lai YC, Kuo KM Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Gender differences in symptom misattribution for coronary heart disease symptoms and intentions to seek health care.
Abstract Women are more likely to delay seeking care for coronary heart disease (CHD) symptoms than men. We tested whether this was because they are more likely to misattribute CHD symptoms. Data were collected in December 2016. Participants were 714 Amazon's Mechanical Turk (crowdsourcing marketplace) workers with US Internet Protocol (IP) addresses; 52% female (ages 35-77 years) made judgments about patients of their same gender described in vignettes. We used adjusted multivariable logistic, ordinal, and linear regression to test our hypotheses. Women had a higher odds of misattributing the symptoms of the targ...
Source: Women and Health - August 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Biddle C, Fallavollita JA, Homish GG, Giovino GA, Orom H Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Menopausal symptoms and related factors among Cambodian women.
This study analyzed the prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms and associated factors among Cambodian women. A cross-sectional study was performed with 200 women aged 40-60 years in three provinces and one urban area in Cambodia from July 2017 to August 2017. Three symptom categories: somatic, psychological, and urogenital symptoms (totaling 11 symptoms) related to menopause were assessed using the Khmer version of Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Over one-fifth (21.5%) of the participants were premenopausal; 22.5% were perimenopausal, and 56% were postmenopausal. Somatic and psychological symptoms occurred more frequ...
Source: Women and Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Thapa R, Yang Y Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Regional variation and demographic factors associated with knowledge of malaria risk and prevention strategies among pregnant women in Nigeria.
Abstract Pregnant women and children are the most vulnerable populations for malaria infection. Yet, knowledge of risk, and preventive measures are poor among this population. Using the 2015 Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey, we applied logit link function to estimate the associations of wealth status, educational attainment, and region of residence with malaria risk knowledge and prevention strategies (using a treated mosquito net and malaria drugs) among 739 Nigerian pregnant women aged 15-49 years. Urban women who had obtained a secondary school education (Adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.12; 95% con...
Source: Women and Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Iyanda AE, Osayomi T, Boakye KA, Lu Y Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

"People are struggling in this area:" a qualitative study of women's perspectives of telehealth in rural South Carolina.
"People are struggling in this area:" a qualitative study of women's perspectives of telehealth in rural South Carolina. Women Health. 2019 Jul 22;:1-14 Authors: Sundstrom B, DeMaria AL, Ferrara M, Smith E, McInnis S Abstract Rural communities face disparities and barriers to health care access that may be addressed through telehealth programs; yet little research is available detailing rural women's attitudes toward telehealth. Researchers partnered with a women's reproductive health organization to conduct formative audience research to understand rural women's perspectives of telehealth i...
Source: Women and Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Sundstrom B, DeMaria AL, Ferrara M, Smith E, McInnis S Tags: Women Health Source Type: research