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Women's choice of maternal healthcare in Parung, West Java, Indonesia: Midwife versus traditional birth attendant
In the 1990s, the Indonesian government launched programmes to train traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and increase the number of midwives. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Yenita Agus, Shigeko Horiuchi, Mariko Iida Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH – QUALITATIVE Source Type: research

Survey of midwives ’ perinatal mental health knowledge, confidence, attitudes and learning needs
Midwives have a primary role in facilitating the first stage of perinatal mental health risk reduction through inquiring about perinatal mental health, identifying risk factors and current perinatal mental health problems, providing support or crisis intervention, referring for treatment and decreasing stigmatisation. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Maria Noonan, Julie Jomeen, Rose Galvin, Owen Doody Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Risk of unplanned caesarean birth in Vietnamese-born women in Victoria, Australia: A cross-sectional study
Understanding the prevalence of, and factors associated with, caesarean birth among immigrant populations is essential for appropriate antenatal and postnatal resource allocation. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 12, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Paul A. Agius, Mary-Ann Davey, Rhonda Small Tags: Quantitative Source Type: research

Canada ’s evacuation policy for pregnant First Nations women: Resignation, resilience, and resistance
Aboriginal peoples in Canada are comprised of First Nations, M étis, and Inuit. Health care services for First Nations who live on rural and remote reserves are mostly provided by the Government of Canada through the federal department, Health Canada. One Health Canada policy, the evacuation policy, requires all First Nations women living on rural and remote r eserves to leave their communities between 36 and 38 weeks gestational age and travel to urban centres to await labour and birth. Although there are a few First Nations communities in Canada that have re-established community birthing and Aboriginal midwifery ...
Source: Women and Birth - February 10, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Karen M. Lawford, Audrey R. Giles, Ivy L. Bourgeault Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

Less or more? Maternal requests that go against medical advice
This study explores the experiences of Dutch midwives and gynaecologists with pregnant women who request more, less or no care during pregnancy and/or childbirth. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 10, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Martine Hollander, Lianne Holten, Annemieke Leusink, Jeroen van Dillen, Esteriek de Miranda Source Type: research

Sexual dysfunction predicts depressive symptoms during the first 2 years postpartum
The association between sexual function and depression has yet to be examined in a prospective cohort study with prolonged postpartum follow-up. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 4, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Shiow-Ru Chang, Wei-An Lin, Ho-Hsiung Lin, Ming-Kwang Shyu, Ming-I Lin Source Type: research

Client experiences with perinatal healthcare for high-risk and low-risk women
It is unknown if client experiences with perinatal healthcare differ between low-risk and high-risk women. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 3, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Cherelle M.V. van Stenus, Magda M. Boere-Boonekamp, Erna F.G.M. Kerkhof, Ariana Need Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

The importance of involving midwives before and during the implementation of an antenatal pertussis vaccination program in New South Wales, Australia
Typically there is limited opportunity for stakeholder engagement to determine service delivery gaps when implementing an outbreak or supplementary vaccination program. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 3, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Sonya Nicholl, Holly Seale, Nathan Saul, Sue Campbell-Lloyd Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Aims and scope
(Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 1, 2018 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

Screening for recommended antenatal risk factors: How long does it take?
Detection and management of antenatal risk factors is critical for quality care. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - January 22, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Amy Waller, Jamie Bryant, Emilie Cameron, Mohamed Galal, Ian Symonds, Rob Sanson-Fisher Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Building capacity and wellbeing in vulnerable/marginalised mothers: A qualitative study
The persistence of health inequalities in pregnancy and infancy amongst vulnerable/marginalised groups in the UK. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - January 19, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Marie-Clare Balaam, Gill Thomson Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of perinatal depression among Chinese high-risk pregnant women
Information is needed on the prevalence of depression in Chinese women with medically defined complications across the perinatal period, as well as key risk factors to develop appropriate perinatal mental health services and ensure the services target those most in need. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - January 18, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Ying Zhao, Michelle L. Munro-Kramer, Shenxun Shi, Jing Wang, Xinli Zhu Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Facilitators and barriers to pregnant women ’s participation in research: A systematic review
The objective was to identify the reasons why pregnant women participate in clinical research and thereby to distinguish between facilitators and barriers. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - January 18, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Indira S.E. van der Zande, Rieke van der Graaf, Lotty Hooft, Johannes J.M. van Delden Source Type: research

Longitudinal evaluation of a training program to promote routine antenatal enquiry for domestic violence by midwives
Routine enquiry about domestic violence during pregnancy is accepted best practice. Training is essential to improve knowledge and practice. Few studies have undertaken a comprehensive evaluation of training impact over time. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - January 15, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kathleen Baird, Debra K. Creedy, Amornrat S. Saito, Jennifer Eustace Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Ice pack induced perineal analgesia after spontaneous vaginal birth: Randomized controlled trial
Ice-pack is widely used for alleviating postpartum perineal pain sustained after birth related perineal trauma. However, it lacks robust evidence on timing and frequency of applications, to ensure the effective and safe use of this therapy. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - January 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Adriana Amorim Francisco, Sonia Maria Junqueira Vasconcellos De Oliveira, Mary Steen, Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, Eder Viana De Souza Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Postnatal post-traumatic stress: An integrative review
Post-traumatic stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms following birth occur amongst a small proportion of women but can lead to poor maternal mental health, impairment in mother-infant bonding and relationship stress. This integrative review aims to examine the associated risk factors and women's own experiences of postnatal post-traumatic stress in order to better understand this phenomenon. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - January 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Madeleine Simpson, Virginia Schmied, Cathy Dickson, Hannah Grace Dahlen Tags: Review article Source Type: research

The Waterbirth Project: S ão Bernardo Hospital experience
The following quantitative observational study aimed to analyse the maternal and neonatal outcomes of 90 low-risk pregnant women who gave birth in water at S ão Bernardo Hospital. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - January 2, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Joyce C.S. Camargo, Vitor Varela, Fernanda M. Ferreira, Lucila Pougy, Angela M. Ochiai, Maria Elisabete Santos, Maria Catarina L.R. Grande Source Type: research

Midwifery management of second-degree perineal tears in New Zealand: A cross-sectional survey of practice
Second-degree tears are the most common form of perineal trauma occurring after vaginal birth managed by New Zealand midwives, although little is known about midwives ’ perineal practice. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 27, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Robin S. Cronin, Minglan Li, Kate Culliney, Robyn Maude, Katherine Nelson Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Maternal perception of fetal movements in the third trimester: A qualitative description
Decreased fetal movements is a common reason for unscheduled antenatal assessment and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 26, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Billie Bradford, Robyn Maude Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Why does the need for medication become a barrier to breastfeeding? A narrative review
The need for medication during lactation can contribute to the early cessation of breastfeeding. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 16, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Alyson K. McClatchey, Alison Shield, Lynn H. Cheong, Sally L. Ferguson, Gabrielle M. Cooper, Gregory J. Kyle Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Herbal medicines use during pregnancy in Sierra Leone: An exploratory cross-sectional study
The influence of complementary therapies on maternal health has attracted the attention of policy makers, health professionals and researchers globally especially in developing countries. However, there is lack of evidence on whether Sierra Leonean women use herbal medicine during pregnancy which limit the chance of providing better maternity care. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 15, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Peter Bai James, Abdulai Jawo Bah, Michael Steven Tommy, Jon Wardle, Amie Steel Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Exploring the Fear of Birth Scale in a mixed population of women of childbearing age —A Swedish pilot study
The aim of this pilot study was to explore the Fear of Birth Scale in a mixed sample of women of childbearing age, by investigating the levels of childbirth fear and the content of women ’s thoughts when completing the scale. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 14, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Ingegerd Hildingsson, Christine Rubertsson, Annika Karlstr öm, Helen Haines Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Telephone triage and midwifery: A scoping review
Midwives use telephone triage to provide advice and support to childbearing women, and to manage access to maternity services. Telephone triage practises are important in the provision of accurate, timely and appropriate health care. Despite this, there has been very little research investigating this area of midwifery practice. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 11, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Carolyn M. Bailey, Jennifer M. Newton, Helen G. Hall Source Type: research

Sterile water injections for childbirth pain: An evidenced based guide to practice
The objective of this evidence-based guide is to facilitate the clinical use of sterile water injections to relieve lower back pain in labouring women. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 11, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Lena B. M årtensson, Eileen K. Hutton, Nigel Lee, Sue Kildea, Yu Gao, Ingrid Bergh Tags: Review article Source Type: research

How obstetricians and pregnant women decide mode of birth in light of a recent regulation in Brazil
In Brazil, 88% of births among women with private insurance are caesarean sections, even though a caesarean rate above 15% is associated with greater maternal and child morbidity and mortality. Aiming to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections in the private sector, in July 2015 the Brazilian government enacted Resolu ção Normativa 368, a regulation requiring the use of partograms, pre-natal cards to document pregnancies, and consent forms for elective caesareans, and recommending that obstetricians provide women with an informational letter about birth. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 8, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Rachel Galvao, Nicola L. Hawley, Carolina Silveira da Silva, Mari ângela F. Silveira Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

Relationship between duration of second stage of labour and postpartum anaemia
To assess the relationship between the duration of the second stage of labour and postpartum anaemia during vaginal birth. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 5, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Nuria Infante-Torres, Milagros Molina-Alarc ón, Ana Rubio-Álvarez, Julián Rodríguez-Almagro, Antonio Hernández-Martínez Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

The stories of women who are transferred due to threat of preterm birth
Women at risk of preterm birth before 32 weeks gestation are routinely transferred to facilitate birth at a hospital that has Neonatal Intensive Care. The clinical outcomes of being ‘in-born” improves newborn and neonatal outcomes is well documented. However little is known about the women's experiences when such a complication occurs. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 4, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Lyn Woodhart, Jessica Goldstone, Donna Hartz Source Type: research

Enabling new graduate midwives to work in midwifery continuity of care models: A conceptual model for implementation
High-level evidence demonstrates midwifery continuity of care is beneficial for women and babies. Women have limited access to midwifery continuity of care models in Australia. One of the factors limiting women ’s access is recruiting enough midwives to work in continuity. Our research found that newly graduated midwives felt well prepared to work in midwifery led continuity of care models, were well supported to work in the models and the main driver to employing them was a need to staff the models. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - December 4, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Allison M. Cummins, Christine Catling, Caroline S.E. Homer Source Type: research

Social resources and Arab women ’s perinatal mental health: A systematic review
Women ’s mental health in the perinatal period is understudied worldwide and in Arab countries especially. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 29, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Yara Qutteina, Catherine Nasrallah, Laurie James-Hawkins, Aasli Abdi Nur, Kathryn M. Yount, Monique Hennink, Hanan F. Abdul Rahim Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Pregnant women ’s choice of birthing hospital: A qualitative study on individuals’ preferences
To investigate pregnant women ’s decision making in relation to their choice of birthing hospital and, in particular, their priorities regarding hospital characteristics. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 29, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Nasrin Tayyari Dehbarez, Stina Lou, Niels Uldbjerg, Anne M øller, Dorte Gyrd-Hansen, Rikke Søgaard Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

Bonding in neonatal intensive care units: Experiences of extremely preterm infants ’ mothers
The birth of an extremely preterm infant can disrupt normal mother –infant physical contact and the care provided by the mother. This situation has an impact on the process of bonding between the mother and the child. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 27, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Isabel Mar ía Fernández Medina, José Granero-Molina, Cayetano Fernández-Sola, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla, Marcos Camacho Ávila, María del Mar López Rodríguez Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Australian heterosexual women ’s experiences of healthcare provision following a pregnancy loss
Despite increased awareness of the psychological impact of pregnancy loss, a lack of recognition continues with regards to women ’s experiences. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in supporting women following a pregnancy loss, yet to date only a relatively small body of research has examined women’s experiences with healthcare providers. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 24, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Clemence Due, Kate Obst, Damien W. Riggs, Catherine Collins Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Effects of placentophagy on maternal salivary hormones: A pilot trial, part 1
Recent studies show that human placenta, processed and encapsulated for postpartum consumption, contains a host of trace minerals and hormones that could conceivably affect maternal physiology. Our objective was to investigate whether salivary hormone concentrations of women ingesting their own encapsulated placenta during the early postpartum differed from those of women consuming a placebo. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 23, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Sharon M. Young, Laura K. Gryder, Chad Cross, David Zava, David W. Kimball, Daniel C. Benyshek Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Placentophagy ’s effects on mood, bonding, and fatigue: A pilot trial, part 2
Human maternal placentophagy is gaining popularity among a growing number of women who believe it provides maternal benefits, including prevention of postpartum blues/depression, improved maternal bonding, and reduced fatigue. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 23, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Sharon M. Young, Laura K. Gryder, Chad Cross, David Zava, David W. Kimball, Daniel C. Benyshek Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Aims and scope
(Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 18, 2017 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

Women ’s experiences of having depression during pregnancy and receiving acupuncture treatment—A qualitative study
Research indicates some women experiencing depression during pregnancy are dissatisfied with conventional depression treatments due to incomplete effectiveness, dislike of side effects, unsatisfactory experiences with providers and concerns regarding in-utero and breastfeeding safety. Consequently, many explore alternative options including acupuncture. To further understand women ’s views, preferences and motivations in this regard, as well as their experiences of receiving acupuncture as part of a three-armed pragmatic randomised controlled trial evaluating acupuncture for antenatal depression in Sydney, Australia,...
Source: Women and Birth - November 15, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Simone M. Ormsby, Hannah G. Dahlen, Caroline A. Smith Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy
In pregnancy, low vitamin D status has been reported to have a high prevalence amongst women with rates varying significantly worldwide between 1 –96% depending on their ethnic background.1 Since vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency is common in pregnancy, a Cochrane systematic review in 2016 examined whether vitamin D supplementation antenatally can be beneficial.2 It was reported that supplementation with vitamin D alone reduced the risk of pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and low birth weight, and it increased the length of the newborn, and also its head circumference. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 14, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Angeliki Antonakou Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Investigating antenatal nutrition education preferences in South-East Queensland, including Maori and Pasifika women
Little is reported about the nutrition-related needs and preferences of women seeking maternity services, particularly Maori and Pasifika (M&P) women who have higher chronic disease rates in Queensland. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 11, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Andrea Cruickshank, Helen E. Porteous, Michelle A. Palmer Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Effectiveness of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for early-onset group B Streptococcal infection: An integrative review
In some countries, up to 30% of women are exposed to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of early-onset group B Streptococcal infection. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis aims to reduce the risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality from this infection. The intervention may adversely affect non-pathogenic bacteria which are passed to the newborn during birth and are considered important in optimising health. Since many women are offered intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, effectiveness and implications of this intervention need to be established. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 9, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kathryn Braye, John Ferguson, Deborah Davis, Christine Catling, Amy Monk, Maralyn Foureur Source Type: research

Participatory action research opens doors: Mentoring Indigenous researchers to improve midwifery in urban Australia
There is increasing demand for capacity building among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) maternal and infant health workforce to improve health outcomes for mothers and babies; yet few studies describe the steps taken to mentor novice Indigenous researchers to contribute to creating a quality evidence-base in this space. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 8, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Sophie D. Hickey, Sarah-Jade Maidment, Kayla M. Heinemann, Yvette L. Roe, Sue V. Kildea Source Type: research

Pregnancy nutrition knowledge and experiences of pregnant women and antenatal care clinicians: A mixed methods approach
Dietary intake of pregnant women do not appear to meet the dietary recommendations. Nutrition knowledge and practices of pregnant women and their antenatal care clinicians are factors that may be influential on dietary intakes of pregnant women. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 7, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Amelia Lee, Michelle Newton, Jessica Radcliffe, Regina Belski Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Interventions for reducing fear of childbirth: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials
Fear of childbirth is a problematic mental health issue during pregnancy. But, effective interventions to reduce this problem are not well understood. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 7, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Vahideh MoghaddamHosseini, Milad Nazarzadeh, Shayesteh Jahanfar Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Providers ’ perspectives of barriers experienced in maternal health care among Marshallese women
Pacific Islanders are disproportionately burdened by poorer maternal health outcomes with higher rates of pre-term births, low birth weight babies, infant mortality, and inadequate or no prenatal care. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 7, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Britni L. Ayers, Nicola L. Hawley, Rachel S. Purvis, Sarah J. Moore, Pearl A. McElfish Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Best practices for online Canadian prenatal health promotion: A public health approach
Prenatal health promotion provides information regarding pregnancy risks, protective behaviours and clinical and community resources. Typically, women obtain prenatal health information from health care providers, prenatal classes, peers/family, media and increasingly, Internet sites and mobile apps. Barriers to prenatal health promotion and related services include language, rural/remote location, citizenship and disability. Online public health platforms represent the capacity to reach underserved women and can be customised to address the needs of a heterogeneous population of pregnant women. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 4, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Rebecca A. Chedid, Rowan M. Terrell, Karen P. Phillips Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

Predictors of breastfeeding exclusivity and duration in a hospital without Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative accreditation: A prospective cohort study
The aim of this study was to investigate the maternity care factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding duration at three months and six months postpartum in a setting without BFHI accrediation. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 2, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Michelle O ’Connor, Jyai Allen, Jennifer Kelly, Yu Gao, Sue Kildea Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Effectiveness of training to promote routine enquiry for domestic violence by midwives and nurses: A pre-post evaluation study
Asking women about experiences of domestic violence in the perinatal period is accepted best practice. However, midwives and nurses may be reluctant to engage with, or effectively respond to disclosures of domestic violence due a lack of knowledge and skills. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - November 1, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kathleen M. Baird, Amornrat S. Saito, Jennifer Eustace, Debra K. Creedy Source Type: research

Gaining hope and self-confidence —An interview study of women’s experience of treatment by art therapy for severe fear of childbirth
Fear of childbirth is a serious problem that can have negative effects on both women and babies and to date treatment options are limited. The aim of this study was to elucidate the experience of undergoing art therapy in women with severe fear of childbirth. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - October 31, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Hel én Wahlbeck, Linda J. Kvist, Kajsa Landgren Source Type: research

Incidence of postpartum anaemia and risk factors associated with vaginal birth
Postpartum anaemia is a frequent and potentially preventable complication that has serious repercussions on health and maternal well-being. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - October 26, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Ana Rubio- Álvarez, Milagros Molina-Alarcón, Antonio Hernández-Martínez Tags: Original Research-Quantitative Source Type: research

Maternal cultural practices for neonates ’ care in upper Egypt
Little is known about the home practices and care given to neonates born in Egypt. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - October 25, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Atiat Osman, Yousr Gaffer, Awatif Sharkawy, Debra Brandon Source Type: research

Combination of a structured aerobic and resistance exercise improves glycaemic control in pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus. A randomised controlled trial
Gestational diabetes mellitus, defined as any carbohydrate intolerance first diagnosed during pregnancy, is associated with a variety of adverse outcomes, both for the mother and her child. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - October 18, 2017 Category: Midwifery Authors: Iva Sklempe Kokic, Marina Ivanisevic, Gianni Biolo, Bostjan Simunic, Tomislav Kokic, Rado Pisot Source Type: research