Causes and outcomes in studies of fear of childbirth: A systematic review
Fear of childbirth negatively affects women during pregnancy and after birth. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 13, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Anna Dencker, Christina Nilsson, Cecily Begley, Elisabeth Jangsten, Margareta Mollberg, Harshida Patel, Helena Wigert, Eva Hessman, Helen Sj öblom, Carina Sparud-Lundin Source Type: research

“I am a Runner”: A qualitative analysis of women-runners’ pregnancy experiences
Women runners are a group with potential for health maintenance and health promotion in pregnancy. When providers counsel women to discontinue or cut back on running without cause, an opportunity for health benefits to both woman and baby may be lost. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Jennifer M. Ohlendorf, Anna L. Anklam, Lindsay Gardner Source Type: research

Initiation and duration of breastfeeding of Aboriginal infants in South Australia
Benefits of breastfeeding are well-established. Few studies have examined initiation and duration of breastfeeding of Aboriginal infants. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 10, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Stephanie Brown, Deanna Stuart-Butler, Cathy Leane, Karen Glover, Amanda Mitchell, Janiene Deverix, Theresa Francis, Jackie Ah Kit, Donna Weetra, Deirdre Gartland, Jane Yelland Source Type: research

Women ’s views and experiences of publicly-funded homebirth programs in Victoria, Australia: A cross-sectional survey
It is critical women ’s voices are heard if there is to be more widespread implementation of midwifery-led continuity models. Publicly-funded homebirth is one such model, yet there has been limited systematic evaluation from the women’s perspective. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 10, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Della A. Forster, Heather McKay, Mary-Ann Davey, Rhonda Small, Fiona Cullinane, Michelle Newton, Rhonda Powell, Helen L. McLachlan Source Type: research

Partner support during the prenatal testing period after assisted conception
Pregnancy after infertility is a challenging experience. The first-trimester screening test may add stress. Partner support reduces psychological distress in pregnant women after spontaneous conception. No data are available for women who conceive via assisted reproductive technology. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 9, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Jo ëlle Darwiche, Anne Milek, Jean-Philippe Antonietti, Yvan Vial Source Type: research

Providing postpartum care with limited resources: Experiences of nurse-midwives and obstetricians in urban Tanzania
Tanzania has high maternal and neonatal mortality rates. Comprehensive guidelines for postpartum care have been developed by the government as a means to improve health outcomes during the perinatal period. Despite the creation of these guidelines and the government ’s commitment to universal perinatal care for women and neonates, there is concern that the delivery of postpartum services may not be meeting the needs of mothers and neonates. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 9, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Danielle Macdonald, Megan Aston, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Keisha Jefferies, Lilian T. Mselle, Sheri Price, Shawna O ’Hearn, Maureen White, Columba Mbekenga, Thecla W. Kohi Source Type: research

The association of teaching-learning methods and self-confidence of nurse-midwives. A survey from one province in India
This study aimed to investigate the association between self-confidence of final-year students in selected midwifery skills and teaching-learning methods used in the two formally recognized education programs for nurse-midwives in India. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Bharati Sharma, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Kyllike Christensson Source Type: research

Australian caregivers ’ perceptions of influenza vaccination in pregnancy: A mixed methods exploration
Pregnant women and their unborn children are at high risk from both pandemic and seasonal influenza. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Catherine L. King, Maria Y. Chow, Julie Leask, Kerrie E. Wiley Source Type: research

The uptake and implementation of the Baby Friendly Health Initiative in Australia
Despite evidence that implementation of the Initiative has been effective in increasing breastfeeding rates and duration of breastfeeding worldwide; the uptake is low with only 70 Baby Friendly accredited maternity facilities across Australia (approximately 23% of facilities). (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Anahita Esbati, Amanda Henderson, Jane Taylor, Margaret Barnes Source Type: research

Tertiary education regarding stillbirth for student midwives: The tears 4 SMS project
Undergraduate education for midwives in the area of stillbirth may be lacking. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 7, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Jane Warland, Pauline Glover Source Type: research

Gestational weight gain and unplanned or emergency cesarean delivery in the United States
In the United States, the rates of cesarean delivery are well above the World Health Organization recommended target. Although obesity is a widely established risk factor for cesarean delivery, there is limited population-based research that examines the relationship between gestational weight gain and cesarean delivery. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 6, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Zelalem T. Haile, Bhakti Chavan, Asli K. Teweldeberhan, Ilana R. Azulay Chertok, John Francescon Source Type: research

Midwives ‘with woman’ in the private obstetric model: Where divergent philosophies meet
The phenomenon of being ‘with woman’ is central to the profession of midwifery. There is currently no available evidence that explicitly explores this phenomenon. In Western Australia, over a third of childbearing women choose to engage the services of a private obstetrician who provides antenatal care and manages the care provided by midwives during labour and birth. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 6, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Zoe Bradfield, Michelle Kelly, Yvonne Hauck, Ravani Duggan Source Type: research

Oxytocin discontinuation after the active phase of induced labor: A systematic review
Oxytocin is the most widely used drug in the induction of labor, but it could have potential adverse effects that derive from uterine hyperstimulation. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 6, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Antonio Hern ández-Martínez, Angel Arias-Arias, Antonio Morandeira-Rivas, Ana I. Pascual-Pedreño, Elias J. Ortiz-Molina, Julian Rodriguez-Almagro Source Type: research

Fighting a losing battle: Midwives experiences of workplace stress
The aim of this study was to examine the nature of midwives ’ work-related stress and the implications, if any, for midwives overall emotional well-being and career decisions. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 3, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Sadie Geraghty, Craig Speelman, Sara Bayes Source Type: research

A review of midwifery in mainland China: Contemporary developments within historical, economic and sociopolitical contexts
With the recent surging economic and social development in China, midwifery has undergone transformation. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - August 2, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Ling-ling Gao, Hong Lu, Nicky Leap, Caroline Homer Source Type: research

Postnatal breastfeeding education at one week after childbirth: What are the effects?
The first week after childbirth is a crucial period for exclusive breastfeeding initiation. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 26, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Che Muzaini Che ’ Muda, Tengku Alina Tengku Ismail, Rohana Ab Jalil, Suhaily Mohd Hairon, Zaharah Sulaiman, Nazirah Johar Source Type: research

Episiotomy practice in the Middle East: A Lebanese teaching tertiary care center experience
There is lack of data on the rate of episiotomy in Lebanon and the study ’s hospital. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 26, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Rima Kaddoura, Jocelyn DeJong, Huda Zurayk, Tamar Kabakian, Christine Abbyad, Fadi G. Mirza Source Type: research

The experience of vasa praevia for Australian midwives: A qualitative study
Vasa praevia can cause stillbirth or early neonatal death if it is not diagnosed antenatally and managed appropriately. Experiencing undiagnosed vasa praevia during labour is challenging and traumatic for women and their care providers. Little is known about the experiences of midwives who care for these women. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 18, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Nasrin Javid, Jon A. Hyett, Caroline S.E. Homer Source Type: research

‘Being able to bear a child’: Insights from Zimbabwean women in Melbourne
In non-Western societies, childlessness carries numerous social consequences and has a significant impact on the gender identity and well-being of the women. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 17, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Pranee Liamputtong, Sandra Benza Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

Maternal, prenatal and traditional practice factors associated with perinatal mortality in Yemen
Perinatal mortality remains a major international problem responsible for nearly six million stillbirths and neonatal deaths. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 17, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Ahmed H. Al-Shahethi, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Abdul Wahed A. Al-Serouri, Awang Bulgiba Source Type: research

Process evaluation of the midwifery initiated oral health-dental service program: Perceptions of midwives in Greater Western Sydney, Australia
Despite links between poor maternal oral health, adverse pregnancy outcomes and early childhood decay there is limited emphasis on maternal oral health in Australia. To address this, the Midwifery Initiated Oral Health Dental Service (MIOH-DS) program was developed in collaboration with the Australian College of Midwives. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 16, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Hannah G. Dahlen, Maree Johnson, Julia Hoolsema, Tiffany Patterson Norrie, Shilpi Ajwani, Anthony Blinkhorn, Sameer Bhole, Sharon Ellis, Ravi Srinivas, Albert Yaacoub, Andrew Milat, John Skinner, Ajesh George Source Type: research

Midwives ’ personal use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) influences their recommendations to women experiencing a post-date pregnancy
Responding to Braillon et al. “Teaching midwives to poke with needles on non-existing meridians” letter on our article “Midwives’ personal use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) influences their recommendations to women experiencing a post-date pregnancy”. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 16, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Lyndall Mollart, Virginia Skinner, Jon Adams, Maralyn Foureur Source Type: research

The experiences of breastfeeding mothers returning to work as hospital nurses in Pakistan: A qualitative study
Pakistan has a higher infant mortality rate than countries with comparable economies, with around half of all under-5 deaths occurring in the first month of life. Breastfeeding is known to improve infant morbidity and mortality, but rates of formula feeding in Pakistan are increasing. Maternal employment is recognised globally as a major barrier to the continuation of breastfeeding. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 15, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Saadia Riaz, Louise Condon Source Type: research

Woman and Birth (June 2018)
It is with great pleasure that I write my first Editorial as Editor-in-Chief of Women and Birth. I would like to start by paying tribute to Kathleen Fahy who ‘midwifed’ the journal from a local paper-based journal to the internationally renowned and acclaimed journal that we have today. Kathleen had the vision that Women and Birth, or ‘Wombi’ as we affectionately know it as, could be on the international stage, would attract the very best researc hers and clinicians from Australia and around the world, be multi and cross-disciplinary, and would be something that the Australian College of Midwives co...
Source: Women and Birth - July 13, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Caroline S.E. Homer Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Aims and scope
(Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 13, 2018 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

Effect of the use of a national information brochure about foetal movements on patient delay
Perinatal audits in the Netherlands showed that stillbirth was nearly always preceded by a period of reduced foetal movements. Patient or caregiver delay was identified as a substandard care factor. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Karin J.W.M. Wackers, Martine M.L.H. Wassen, Bert Zeegers, Luc Bud é, Marianne J. Nieuwenhuijze Source Type: research

Perspectives and experiences of healthcare professionals regarding the medicalisation of pregnancy and childbirth
Pregnancy and childbirth hold broader cultural and societal implications and entail more than simply a natural event. Today, these otherwise natural phenomena are driven by the development of surveillance medicine in a risk-averse society. This affects how both healthcare professionals and women perceive medicalisation and is influencing changes in clinical practice surrounding childbirth. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 7, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Mirko Prosen, Marina Tav čar Krajnc Source Type: research

Chronic pain, pain severity and analgesia use in Australian women of reproductive age
The increasing prevalence and adverse outcomes associated with opioid analgesia use in women of reproductive age have become a significant public health issue internationally, with use during pregnancy potentially affecting maternal and infant health outcomes. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 6, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: April M. Miller, Kristy Sanderson, Raimondo B. Bruno, Monique Breslin, Amanda L. Neil Source Type: research

Midwifery pre-registration education and mid-career workforce participation and experiences
Midwives in Australia are educated through a range of routes providing flexible ways to become a midwife. Little is known about whether the route to registration impacts on mid-career experiences, in particular, whether the pathway (post-nursing pathway compared with ‘direct-entry’) makes any difference. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - July 3, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Annabel Sheehy, Rachel M. Smith, Joanne E. Gray, Caroline S.E. Homer Source Type: research

Fetal movement frequency and the effect of associated perinatal factors: Multicenter study
Decreased fetal movements are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, including stillbirth. Delayed maternal visits to a health care provider after perceiving decreased fetal movements are frequently observed in stillbirths. Informing pregnant women of the normal range of fetal movement frequency is essential in their earlier visits in order to prevent stillbirth. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 28, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Shigeki Koshida, Tetsuo Ono, Shunichiro Tsuji, Takashi Murakami, Hisatomi Arima, Kentaro Takahashi Source Type: research

Attitudes and perceptions of pregnant women towards the use of Anti-Retroviral Therapy in Nigeria
Mother-to-child transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus continues to be a major problem in Nigeria. Despite several initiatives, the number of infected pregnant women receiving Anti-Retroviral Therapy to prevent mother-to-child transmission of the virus remains low in Nigeria. Evidence suggests that attitudes and perceptions of the pregnant women influence their use of Anti-Retroviral Therapy. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 25, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Puremeluan B. Major, Shuby Puthussery, Yannis Pappas Source Type: research

Differences in meconium stained amniotic fluid in an Australian population: A retrospective study
Meconium stained amniotic fluid commonly occurs postdates (  >40 weeks gestation) indicating fetal maturity. Previous literature indicates that different ethnicities mature at different rates. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 25, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Bethany L. Carr, Beverley Copnell, Meredith McIntyre Source Type: research

Childbirth education in Australia: Have we lost our way?
Antenatal education in Australia has shifted its focus from preparation for birth, to a broader focus on pregnancy, birth and parenting, without expanding the time allocated to the classes.1,2 There have been appropriate reasons behind this move because focussing only on birth often came at the expense of discussing early parenting.3 Our main concern is that insufficient time is allocated for birth preparation and rehearsal of natural pain management techniques, with reliance on medical management remaining at the forefront of childbirth pain management discourse. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 25, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kate Levett, Hannah G. Dahlen Source Type: research

Informational interventions on paternal outcomes during the perinatal period: A systematic review
The perinatal period is a stressful transition for new parents. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 23, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Shefaly Shorey, Lina Ang, Wilson W.S. Tam Source Type: research

Asking different questions: A call to action for research to improve the quality of care for every woman, every child
Despite decades of considerable economic investment in improving the health of families and newborns world-wide, aspirations for maternal and newborn health have yet to be attained in many regions.1 This may be explained in part by the fact that only an estimated 7% of these funds have been invested in women and girls.2 The global turn towards recognizing the importance of prevention and positive experiences of pregnancy, intrapartum, postnatal care, and care in the first weeks of life, while continuing to work to minimize adverse outcomes, signals what we see as a critical change in the maternal and newborn health care co...
Source: Women and Birth - June 23, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: H.P. Kennedy, M. Cheyney, H.G. Dahlen, S. Downe, M.J. Foureur, C.S.E. Homer, E. Jefford, A. McFadden, M. Michel-Schuldt, J. Sandall, H. Soltani, A.M. Speciale, J. Sevens, S. Vedam, M.J. Renfrew Source Type: research

Postnatal quality of life — A content analysis of qualitative results to the Mother-Generated Index
The Mother-Generated Index (MGI) assesses postnatal quality of life (QoL) without providing a predefined checklist, thus offering mothers the opportunity to identify areas of life affected by having a baby. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Thorsten Meyer, Luise Lengler, Edwin van Teijlingen, Jessica Pehlke-Milde, Mechthild M. Gross Source Type: research

Influencing factors in midwives ’ decision-making during childbirth: A qualitative study in the Netherlands
Dutch maternity care is based on the principle that pregnancy and childbirth are physiological processes. However, the last decade an increase of intra-partum referrals to obstetric-led care has been observed. Most of these referrals are among nulliparous women, non-urgent and occur during the first stage of labour. The increase in referrals seems not associated with better perinatal outcomes. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 20, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Meta Weltens, Jascha de Nooijer, Marianne J. Nieuwenhuijze Source Type: research

Developing reflective capacities in midwifery students: Enhancing learning through reflective writing
Practice-based or clinical placements are highly valued for linking theory to practice and enabling students to meet graduate outcomes and industry standards. Post-practicum, the period immediately following clinical experiences, is a time when students have an opportunity to share, compare and engage critically in considering how these experiences impact on their learning. Reflective practice has merit in facilitating this process. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 19, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Linda Sweet, Janice Bass, Mary Sidebotham, Jennifer Fenwick, Kristen Graham Source Type: research

B Butterfly Campaign: A social marketing campaign to promote normal childbirth among first-time pregnant women
The steep increase and inappropriateness of caesarean birth represent a healthcare problem in Iran. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 18, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Fatemeh Darsareh, Teamur Aghamolaei, Minoo Rajaei, Abdoulhossain Madani, Shahram Zare Source Type: research

“I did a lot of Googling”: A qualitative study of exclusive breastfeeding support through social media
Little qualitative research has been done to explore the quality of breastfeeding support through social media in New Zealand. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 16, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Narges Alianmoghaddam, Suzanne Phibbs, Cheryl Benn Source Type: research

Teaching midwives to poke with needles on non-existing meridians
The survey by Mollart L, et al. Midwives ’ personal use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) influences their recommendations to women experiencing a post-date pregnancy. Women Birth 2018;31:44–51 showing that 89% of registered midwives (among only 16% of respondents) recommend unproven complementary and alternative medicine for women experiencing a post-date pregnancy, acupuncture ranking first (66%), is of great scientific and ethical concern.1 In particular, the authors’ conclusion pledging for “inclusion of complementary and alternative medicine in midwifery education curricula”...
Source: Women and Birth - June 15, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Alain Braillon, Alastair Maclennan, Loretta Marron, Alain Dervaux Source Type: research

Maternity experiences of mothers with multiple disadvantages in England: A qualitative study
Disadvantaged mothers and their babies are at increased risk of poor perinatal outcomes and have less positive experiences of maternity care. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw Source Type: research

Remote dwelling Aboriginal Australian women and birthing: A critical review of literature
Australian Aboriginal women ’s aspirations for birthing on country (having our babies born on our traditional land) are increasingly being reported in Australian scholarly and policy literature. However given the paucity of publications authored by Aboriginal Australians from remote areas of Australia, how well can the curre nt knowledge base in Australia inform the development of culturally appropriate maternity services for our communities? (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 7, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Catrina Felton-Busch, Sarah Larkins Source Type: research

How Australian dual registrants identified as midwives to meet national registration-renewal requirements
A theoretical discussion using categorisation theory to discuss the final analysis of findings from research which investigated midwives ’ responses to the changed registration-renewal requirements in Australia after the introduction of national registration. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 7, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Michelle Gray Source Type: research

Low socioeconomic status increases effects of negative life events on antenatal anxiety and depression
Low socioeconomic status and prior negative life events are documented risk factors for antenatal anxiety and depression, preterm birth and birth weight. We aimed to asses whether the adverse effects of prior negative life events increase with lower socioeconomic status and which aspects of socioeconomic status are most relevant. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 7, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Tjitte Verbeek, Claudi L.H. Bockting, Chantal Beijers, Judith L. Meijer, Mari ëlle G. van Pampus, Huibert Burger Source Type: research

Editorial
This is my final editorial for Women and Birth after 13 years as editor of the journal of the Australian College of Midwives (ACM). In preparing this paper I have re-read my editorials and will draw on what I wrote then to inform what I write now. My role as Editor began during a time of great change for Australian midwifery. I will summarise these key changes as a way of contextualising the development of the journal. Next, I will outline the early problems besetting the journal before discussing the strategies we used to raise the quality and significance of papers submitted and published. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 1, 2018 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

Aims and scope
(Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 1, 2018 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

Publisher's Note
(Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - June 1, 2018 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

The initial development of the Pregnancy-related Anxiety Scale
This study, therefore, reports on the initial development of the Pregnancy-related Anxiety Scale. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 30, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Robyn J. Brunton, Rachel Dryer, Anthony Saliba, Jane Kohlhoff Source Type: research

The role, practice and training of unregulated birth workers in Australia: A mixed methods study
In Australia, the provision of homebirth services by unregulated birthworkers (doulas, ex-registered midwives, traditional midwives and lay workers) has increased. Accessing a homebirth with a registered midwife via mainstream services is limited. Concern is growing that new legislation aimed at prohibiting unregulated birthworkers practice may result in homebirth going underground. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 23, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Elizabeth C. Rigg, Virginia Schmied, Kath Peters, Hannah G. Dahlen Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research