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Does previous cesarean section influence neonatal birth weight? A path analysis in China
Since the One-child Policy was revised to a Two-child policy in 2013, the number of pregnancies with previous cesarean section suddenly increased in China. The aim of this study was to test if a previous cesarean section influenced the neonatal birth weight under Chinese background. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 17, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Chunxiang Qin, Yulong Deng, Wei-ti Chen, Chunmei Mi, Weiyan Wang, Mei Sun, Jiarui Chen, Wei Liu, Siyuan Tang Source Type: research

Women with fear of childbirth might benefit from having a known midwife during labour
Having a known midwife at birth is valued by women across the world, however it is unusual for women with fear of childbirth to have access to this model of care. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and factors related to having access to a known midwife for women referred to counseling due to childbirth fear. We also wanted to explore if women ’s levels of childbirth fear changed over time. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Ingegerd Hildingsson, Annika Karlstr öm, Christine Rubertsson, Helen Haines Source Type: research

Trauma and fear in Australian midwives
Relatively little is known about the extent of trauma and birth-related fear in midwives and how this might affect practice. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: J. Toohill, J. Fenwick, M. Sidebotham, J. Gamble, D.K. Creedy Tags: Original research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Cessation of breastfeeding in association with oxytocin administration and type of birth. A prospective cohort study
Some studies have suggested an association between synthetic oxytocin administration and type of birth with the initiation and consolidation of breastfeeding. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 10, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Aurora Fern ández-Cañadas Morillo, Modesto Durán Duque, Ana B. Hernández López, Cristina Muriel Miguel, Pilar Pérez Riveiro, Angel Salcedo Mariña, Ana Royuela Vicente, María L. Casillas Santana, Miguel A. Marín Gabriel Source Type: research

First-time mothers ’ birth beliefs, preferences, and actual birth: A longitudinal observational study
Birth preferences, such as mode and place of birth and other birth options, have important individual and societal implications, yet few studies have investigated the mechanism which predicts a wide range of childbirth options simultaneously. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 9, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Heidi Preis, Michal Eisner, Rony Chen, Yael Benyamini Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based programme on the psychological health of pregnant women
Preparation of psychological well-being is an important component of antenatal education for childbirth, but few courses focus on this component. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Wan-Lin Pan, Meei-Ling Gau, Tzu-Ying Lee, Hei-Jen Jou, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzung-Kuen Wen Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Re-examining pregnancy-related anxiety: A replication study
Recognition of pregnancy-related anxiety as a distinct anxiety is supported by evidence differentiating it from general anxiety and depression. Adverse associations with pregnancy-related anxiety further support this distinction. An influential study by Huizink et al. (2004), demonstrated that anxiety and depression contribute little to the variance of pregnancy-related anxiety, yet this study has not been replicated. Further, addressing limitations of the original study will provide further clarity to the findings. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 7, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Robyn Brunton, Rachel Dryer, Anthony Saliba, Jane Kohlhoff Source Type: research

Postnatal gestational diabetes mellitus follow-up: Perspectives of Australian hospital clinicians and general practitioners
The reasons for low postnatal screening rates for women with gestational diabetes mellitus are not well understood. Multiple care providers, settings and changes to diagnostic criteria, may contribute to confusion over postnatal care. Quality of communication between clinicians may be an important influence for the completion of postnatal gestational diabetes mellitus follow-up. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 4, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Catherine Kilgour, Fiona Elizabeth Bogossian, Leonie Callaway, Cindy Gallois Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

“Trying to give birth naturally was out of the question”: Accounting for intervention in childbirth
Studies of women ’s childbirth preferences repeatedly show that natural birth remains highly valued, yet the majority of births involve some form of medical intervention. Reasons for this lack of correspondence have typically been investigated through interviews and focus-groups with women. Relatively little resea rch explores the ways in which women describe their experiences of childbirth outside of such research settings. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 3, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Lindsay Cole, Amanda LeCouteur, Rebecca Feo, Hannah Dahlen Source Type: research

A qualitative exploration of techniques used by expert midwives to preserve the perineum intact
The perineum stretches during birth to allow passage of the baby, but 85% of women sustain some degree of perineal trauma during childbirth, which is painful post-partum. Episiotomy rates vary significantly, with some countries having rates of>60%. Recent Irish and New Zealand studies showed lower severe perineal trauma and episiotomy rates than other countries. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - May 2, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: C. Begley, K. Guilliland, L. Dixon, M. Reilly, C. Keegan, C. McCann, V. Smith Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

Making the hidden seen: A narrative analysis of the experiences of Assumption of Care at birth
Being involved in any child protection system is complex and multifaceted and none more so than in non-voluntary Assumption of Care which occurs in New South Wales when, for child protection concerns, the Department of Family and Community Services removes a newborn baby from her/his mother. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 28, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Christine A. Marsh, Jenny Browne, Jan Taylor, Deborah Davis Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Women ’s experience of midwife-led counselling and its influence on childbirth fear: A qualitative study
Women with childbirth fear have been offered counseling by experienced midwives in Sweden for decades without evidence for its effectiveness, in terms of decrease in childbirth fear. Women are usually satisfied with the counselling. However, there is a lack of qualitative data regarding women ’s views about counselling for childbirth fear. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 27, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Birgitta Larsson, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Elin Ternstr öm, Christine Rubertsson, Annika Karlström Tags: Original Research - Qualitative Source Type: research

Veiled midwifery in the baby factory — A grounded theory study
Midwives ’ professional role has been changing drastically over time, from handling births in home settings to being part of a team in labour wards in hospitals. This demands a greater effort of interprofessional collaboration in childbirth care. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 27, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Malin Hansson, Ingela Lundgren, Gunnel Hensing, Ing-Marie Carlsson Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Community engagement in the Aboriginal Families Study: Strategies to promote participation
Aboriginal women and families are under-represented in Australian research on pregnancy and childbirth. The Aboriginal Families Study aimed to investigate the views and experiences of a representative sample of women giving birth to an Aboriginal baby in South Australia between July 2011 and June 2013, using methods designed to respect Aboriginal culture and communities. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 23, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Donna Weetra, Karen Glover, Roxanne Miller, Rikki Wilson, Cathy Leane, Deanna Stuart-Butler, Amanda Mitchell, Deirdre Gartland, Stephanie Brown Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Joys and challenges of relationships in Scotland and New Zealand rural midwifery: A multicentre study
Globally there are challenges meeting the recruitment and retention needs for rural midwifery. Rural practice is not usually recognised as important and feelings of marginalisation amongst this workforce are apparent. Relationships are interwoven throughout midwifery and are particularly evident in rural settings. However, how these relationships are developed and sustained in rural areas is unclear. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Susan Crowther, Ruth Deery, Rea Daellenbach, Lorna Davies, Andrea Gilkison, Mary Kensington, Jean Rankin Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Self-management of gestational diabetes among Chinese migrants: A qualitative study
Gestational diabetes mellitus is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. Women with Gestational diabetes are at increased risk of serious health outcomes, such as pre-eclampsia, obstructed labor, and the development of Type 2 diabetes later in life. Chinese migrants, the third largest cultural group in Australia, are more likely to develop Gestational diabetes than Australian-born women. However, to date, Gestational diabetes self-management has not been investigated in this population. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Yat Yin Eric Wah, Margaret McGill, Jencia Wong, Glynis P. Ross, Anna-Jane Harding, Ines Krass Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Joys and challenges of relationships in Scotland and New Zealand rural midwifery: A multicentre study
Globally there are challenges meeting the recruitment and retention needs for rural midwifery. Rural practice is not usually recognised as important and feelings of marginalisation amongst this workforce are apparent. Relationships are interwoven throughout midwifery and are particularly evident in rural settings. However, how these relationships are developed and sustained in rural areas is unclear. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Susan Crowther, Ruth Deery, Rea Daellenbach, Lorna Davies, Andrea Gilkison, Mary Kensington, Jean Rankin Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Self-management of gestational diabetes among Chinese migrants: A qualitative study
Gestational diabetes mellitus is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. Women with Gestational diabetes are at increased risk of serious health outcomes, such as pre-eclampsia, obstructed labor, and the development of Type 2 diabetes later in life. Chinese migrants, the third largest cultural group in Australia, are more likely to develop Gestational diabetes than Australian-born women. However, to date, Gestational diabetes self-management has not been investigated in this population. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Yat Yin Eric Wah, Margaret McGill, Jencia Wong, Glynis P. Ross, Anna-Jane Harding, Ines Krass Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

The nature of labour pain: An updated review of the literature
The pain experience associated with labour is complex. Literature indicates psychosocial and environmental determinants of labour pain, and yet methods to support women usually target physiological attributes via pharmacological interventions. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 20, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Laura Y. Whitburn, Lester E. Jones, Mary-Ann Davey, Susan McDonald Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity public health recommendations and diet during pregnancy
Awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity recommendations are associated with decreased intake of high-risk foods. Whether awareness of the recommendations affect dietary quality of pregnant women in Australian is unknown. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 17, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Shao Jia Zhou, Rebecca L. Greco, Rosalie Grivell, Jennie Louise, Andrea Deussen, Jodie Dodd, Lisa J. Moran Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Reasons for substance use continuation and discontinuation during pregnancy: A qualitative study
Substance use during pregnancy is a major public health concern, stemming from potential physical and psychosocial harms to both the mother and child. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 16, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kiri A. Latuskie, Naomi C.Z. Andrews, Mary Motz, Tom Leibson, Zubin Austin, Shinya Ito, Debra J. Pepler Source Type: research

The private journey: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of exclusive breastfeeding
Exclusive breast milk provides complete nutrition for a baby ’s first six months of life. In Australia, breastfeeding initiation rates are high, however duration rates are low. Although numerous studies have explored the reasons behind low levels of breastfeeding, few have examined the experiences of women who maintain exclusive breastfeeding for the recomm ended six-month duration. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 11, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Samantha J. Charlick, Lois McKellar, Andrea L. Gordon, Jan Pincombe Tags: Original Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Aims and scope
(Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 1, 2018 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

The significance of interfamilial relationships on birth preparedness and complication readiness in Pakistan
In the interests of improving maternal health care and survival, the issue of birth preparedness and complication readiness has been much debated and has remained a priority for the international health community. The provision of birth preparedness and complications readiness is determined by a range of different factors. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 29, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Usman Ghani, Susan Crowther, Yasir Kamal, Muhammad Wahab Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Refusal of recommended maternity care: Time to make a pact with women?
The right to refuse medical treatment can be contentious in maternity care. Professional guidance for midwives and obstetricians emphasises informed consent and respect for patient autonomy, but there is little guidance available to clinicians about the appropriate clinical responses when women decline recommended care. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 28, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Bec Jenkinson, Sue Kruske, Sue Kildea Source Type: research

Benefits of caseload midwifery to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A discussion paper
Exposure to alcohol prenatally can result in a child being diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Affected infants experience lifelong impairments that can involve, physical, cognitive, behavioural and emotional difficulties that impact on their functional capacity. Effective prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is critically needed in Australia. Reduction in the prevalence of this disorder will only be possible if we prevent alcohol consumption during pregnancy. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 27, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Natasha Reid, Jenny Gamble, Debra K. Creedy, Amy Finlay-Jones Tags: Discussions Source Type: research

Aims and scope
(Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 16, 2018 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

Oral, systemic and socioeconomic factors associated with preterm birth
The rates of preterm births have been increasing worldwide. Complications related to preterm births are associated with increased costs of care, and have a direct impact on the health system of the countries. Therefore, it is important to address factors associated with preterm birth in order to provide prevention strategies. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 15, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Anna Clara F. Vieira, Cl áudia M.C. Alves, Vandilson P. Rodrigues, Cecília C.C. Ribeiro, Isaac S. Gomes-Filho, Fernanda F. Lopes Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Midwifery students ’ experiences of problem solving based interprofessional learning: A qualitative study
Interprofessional learning is identified as one of the most innovative ways to encourage students of different disciplines to communicate with each other in interprofessional teams. A review of existing studies identified that inter-professional learning with nursing and midwifery students learning together had not previously been reported. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Fereshteh Aein Tags: Original Research-Qualitative Source Type: research

Midwives and clinical investigation: A review of the literature
An allegation of negligence or an adverse outcome during childbirth can lead to clinical investigation of a midwife ’s practice. Anecdotal evidence suggests midwives find this stressful and disturbing. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Catherine R. Alexander, Fiona Bogossian Source Type: research

Midwifery students ’ experiences of problem solving based interprofessional learning: A qualitative study
Interprofessional learning is identified as one of the most innovative ways to encourage students of different disciplines to communicate with each other in interprofessional teams. A review of existing studies identified that inter-professional learning with nursing and midwifery students learning together had not previously been reported. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Fereshteh Aein Tags: Original Research-Qualitative Source Type: research

Midwives and clinical investigation: A review of the literature
An allegation of negligence or an adverse outcome during childbirth can lead to clinical investigation of a midwife ’s practice. Anecdotal evidence suggests midwives find this stressful and disturbing. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 8, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Catherine R. Alexander, Fiona Bogossian Source Type: research

Sleep quality at 3 months postpartum considering maternal age: A comparative study
Poor sleep quality is related to old age among the general population, but few studies have focused on postpartum women of advanced maternal age. The present study aimed to describe and compare sleep quality between women younger or older than 35 years of age at 3 months postpartum, and to examine the related factors. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - March 1, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Shih-Yi Wen, Yi-Li Ko, Hei-Jen Jou, Li-Yin Chien Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Who owns the baby? A video ethnography of skin-to-skin contact after a caesarean section
Providing skin-to-skin contact in the operating theatre and recovery is challenging. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 26, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Jeni Stevens, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah G. Dahlen Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Review and appraisal of guidelines for the management of asthma during pregnancy
Asthma affects 12.7% of pregnancies in Australia. Poorly controlled asthma is associated with increased maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Optimal antenatal management of asthma during pregnancy has the potential to reduce complications relating to asthma. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines help to translate health research findings into practice and when implemented can improve health outcomes. National and International guidelines currently provide recommendations for optimal asthma care in pregnancy. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 21, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Karen McLaughlin, Maralyn Foureur, Megan E. Jensen, Vanessa E. Murphy Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Women's choice of maternal healthcare in Parung, West Java, Indonesia: Midwife versus traditional birth attendant
In the 1990s, the Indonesian government launched programmes to train traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and increase the number of midwives. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Yenita Agus, Shigeko Horiuchi, Mariko Iida Tags: Original Research – Quantitative Source Type: research

Survey of midwives ’ perinatal mental health knowledge, confidence, attitudes and learning needs
Midwives have a primary role in facilitating the first stage of perinatal mental health risk reduction through inquiring about perinatal mental health, identifying risk factors and current perinatal mental health problems, providing support or crisis intervention, referring for treatment and decreasing stigmatisation. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Maria Noonan, Julie Jomeen, Rose Galvin, Owen Doody Tags: Original Research - Quantitative Source Type: research

Women's choice of maternal healthcare in Parung, West Java, Indonesia: Midwife versus traditional birth attendant
In the 1990s, the Indonesian government launched programmes to train traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and increase the number of midwives. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - February 14, 2018 Category: Midwifery Authors: Yenita Agus, Shigeko Horiuchi, Mariko Iida Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH – QUALITATIVE Source Type: research