Exploring the Impact of Race and Racism on Health
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S4-S5.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819394 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sarina Schrager Source Type: research

Homicide: A Leading Cause of Death for Black Non-Hispanics in Wisconsin
CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: Our findings strongly suggest that Black non-Hispanic Wisconsinites endure a significantly worse burden of firearm-related homicide compared to White non-Hispanic Wisconsinites and Black non-Hispanic Americans. This study demonstrates a significant disparity in firearm-related homicide that should inspire policy discussion.PMID:33819395 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zachary Dunton Stephen Hargarten Sara Kohlbeck Fauzia Osman Source Type: research

An Epidemiological Crossroads: The Intersection of Incarceration and Health Care
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S10-S12.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819396 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farah Acher Kaiksow Kristin Brunsell Merss Noelle LoConte Source Type: research

Identifying Substantial Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Outcomes and Care in Wisconsin Using Electronic Health Record Data
DISCUSSION: Reducing health disparities is a statewide imperative. Root causes of health disparities, such as systemic racism and socioeconomic factors, should be addressed for groups experiencing multiple disparities, with focused efforts on selected measures when indicated.PMID:33819397 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Maureen A Smith Korina A Hendricks Lauren M Bednarz Matthew Gigot Abbey Harburn Katherine J Curtis Susan R Passmore Dorothy Farrar-Edwards Source Type: research

Prenatal Racial Discrimination Associated With Dissatisfaction With Prenatal Care
CONCLUSIONS: Completing the postpartum visit has the potential to save mothers' lives; decreasing experiences of racial discrimination in health care settings may be one mechanism for decreasing maternal and infant mortality.PMID:33819398 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Katie Gillespie Fiona Weeks Source Type: research

Examining the Association Between Racial Bias Exposure and Postpartum Depression Among Women in Wisconsin
CONCLUSION: Racial bias was associated with significantly increased risk of postpartum depression. Black women had higher odds for racial bias exposure than other groups. The relationship between racial bias and postpartum depression was not significant after adjusting for confounders, suggesting that social determinants potentially influenced this relationship. These findings should inform screening and health education interventions to minimize racism and poor maternal health outcomes.PMID:33819399 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Abdul Rahman Shour Alice Muehlbauer Ronald Anguzu Fiona Weeks John Meurer Source Type: research

Combatting Anti-Vaccination Misinformation: Improving Immunization Rates of Black/African American Children at UW Health
CONCLUSIONS: Health systems must assess their CIR for disparities and further dissect drivers to effect change. We focus on suggesting strategies to combat negative media campaigns, among others, to close the gap. Understanding of all factors is needed to develop effective interventions to reduce disparities in childhood immunization rates in the BAA community served by UW Health and beyond.PMID:33819400 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sharon-Rose Nartey Jonathan Temte Elizabeth Petty Source Type: research

Listening to Black Women: The Critical Step to Eliminating Wisconsin's Black Birth Disparities
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S39-S41.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819401 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lisa Peyton-Caire Alia Stevenson Source Type: research

Evaluation of Racial Disparities in Postoperative Outcomes Following Breast Reconstruction at a Single Institution in Wisconsin
This study evaluates the presence of racial disparities in postoperative outcomes of breast reconstruction at a single institution in Wisconsin.METHODS: An institutional review board-exempt retrospective study of postoperative outcomes was performed using a single institution's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Registry to identify patients who underwent autologous or prosthesis-based breast reconstruction following mastectomy. Patient demographic, preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables were recorded. Postoperative outcomes in relation to self-reported race were evaluated using univariate analysis...
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zeeda H Nkana Kasey Leigh Wood Alison M Karczewski Kirsten A Gunderson Sarah M Lyon Aaron M Dingle Samuel O Poore Source Type: research

Does Racial Disparity Exist Among Inpatient Admissions for Heart Attacks in Wisconsin?
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S48-S53.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or heart attack, carries a high inpatient death risk. Few national studies suggest race affects the outcomes of inpatients with AMI. In Wisconsin, an assessment of racial disparity among admissions for AMI is lacking.METHODS: Using the Wisconsin State Inpatient Database from 2016, demographics and outcomes for AMI admissions were analyzed. The goal was to compare demographic and hospitalization characteristics between non-Hispanic White patients and Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC).RESULTS: A total of 6,002 non-Hispanic Whites...
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Charles A Gusho Source Type: research

The Interplay of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Addressing Health Inequities
CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis suggests that physical therapy services in Wisconsin are often inaccessible to members of vulnerable communities: a matter of equity. Efforts to improve equity via patient access must entail interventions that address the other components of diversity, equity, and inclusion. We recommend that other health care professionals conduct similar analyses in order to determine whether we, as a health care community, are positioning ourselves to best service our patients.PMID:33819404 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lisa Steinkamp Daniel Deuel Maurice Lucre Pedro Zavala Source Type: research

Lead Poisoning and Racism in the Time of COVID-19
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S59-S60.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819405 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Do Dang Morgan Lively Alonzo Jalan Source Type: research

Microaggressions: Underrepresented Minority Physical Therapist Student Experiences While on Clinical Internships
CONCLUSION: Education and training in the recognition and management of incidents involving derogatory behavior are imperative to foster safe and inclusive clinical environments.PMID:33819406 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lisa Steinkamp Source Type: research

Assessing Perspectives on Systemic Racism in an Academic Hospital Medical Group: The ARCH Project
CONCLUSIONS: Providers were supportive of anti-racism training in the workplace and feel it is congruent with the public health mission of hospital medicine physicians.PMID:33819407 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Jesse Maupin Farah Kaiksow Jordan Kenik Ann Sheehy David Sterken Source Type: research

Implementing an Interprofessional Anti-Racism Training With Community Partners During a Pandemic: Outcomes and Recommended Strategies
DISCUSSION: Virtual anti-racism training is a valuable learning experience. Tools for adapting trainings on high-risk or emotionally charged topics to a virtual format are offered by participants and session leaders.PMID:33819408 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kjersti Knox Deborah Simpson Jacob Bidwell Wilhelm Lehmann Source Type: research

Race Matters: Addressing Racism as a Health Issue
DISCUSSION: The program established a baseline from which to develop anti-racist health care providers. Presenters reflect on the importance of addressing racism as a health issue, getting to know the community served, supporting team members of Color to thrive, and for health care institutions to address racism in an intentional manner.PMID:33819409 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bryan Johnston Veneshia McKinney-Whitson Veneshia Garrison Source Type: research

When We Become 'We'
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S78-S79.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819410 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Beverly A Hutcherson Saby Cordoba Noelle K LoConte Jennifer Y C Edgoose Source Type: research

Lessons Native American Culture Can Teach Us About Resilience During Pandemics and Health Care Crises
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S80-S84.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819411 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Matthew Dellinger Amy E Poupart Source Type: research

The Impact of Race and Racism on the Health of Patients in Wisconsin
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S84-S85.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819412 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Leonard Ezenagu Source Type: research

Together We Rise
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S86-S87.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819413 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kjersti Knox Source Type: research

Exploring the Impact of Race and Racism on Health
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S4-S5.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819394 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sarina Schrager Source Type: research

Homicide: A Leading Cause of Death for Black Non-Hispanics in Wisconsin
CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: Our findings strongly suggest that Black non-Hispanic Wisconsinites endure a significantly worse burden of firearm-related homicide compared to White non-Hispanic Wisconsinites and Black non-Hispanic Americans. This study demonstrates a significant disparity in firearm-related homicide that should inspire policy discussion.PMID:33819395 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zachary Dunton Stephen Hargarten Sara Kohlbeck Fauzia Osman Source Type: research

An Epidemiological Crossroads: The Intersection of Incarceration and Health Care
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S10-S12.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819396 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farah Acher Kaiksow Kristin Brunsell Merss Noelle LoConte Source Type: research

Identifying Substantial Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Outcomes and Care in Wisconsin Using Electronic Health Record Data
DISCUSSION: Reducing health disparities is a statewide imperative. Root causes of health disparities, such as systemic racism and socioeconomic factors, should be addressed for groups experiencing multiple disparities, with focused efforts on selected measures when indicated.PMID:33819397 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Maureen A Smith Korina A Hendricks Lauren M Bednarz Matthew Gigot Abbey Harburn Katherine J Curtis Susan R Passmore Dorothy Farrar-Edwards Source Type: research

Prenatal Racial Discrimination Associated With Dissatisfaction With Prenatal Care
CONCLUSIONS: Completing the postpartum visit has the potential to save mothers' lives; decreasing experiences of racial discrimination in health care settings may be one mechanism for decreasing maternal and infant mortality.PMID:33819398 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Katie Gillespie Fiona Weeks Source Type: research

Examining the Association Between Racial Bias Exposure and Postpartum Depression Among Women in Wisconsin
CONCLUSION: Racial bias was associated with significantly increased risk of postpartum depression. Black women had higher odds for racial bias exposure than other groups. The relationship between racial bias and postpartum depression was not significant after adjusting for confounders, suggesting that social determinants potentially influenced this relationship. These findings should inform screening and health education interventions to minimize racism and poor maternal health outcomes.PMID:33819399 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Abdul Rahman Shour Alice Muehlbauer Ronald Anguzu Fiona Weeks John Meurer Source Type: research

Combatting Anti-Vaccination Misinformation: Improving Immunization Rates of Black/African American Children at UW Health
CONCLUSIONS: Health systems must assess their CIR for disparities and further dissect drivers to effect change. We focus on suggesting strategies to combat negative media campaigns, among others, to close the gap. Understanding of all factors is needed to develop effective interventions to reduce disparities in childhood immunization rates in the BAA community served by UW Health and beyond.PMID:33819400 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sharon-Rose Nartey Jonathan Temte Elizabeth Petty Source Type: research

Listening to Black Women: The Critical Step to Eliminating Wisconsin's Black Birth Disparities
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S39-S41.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819401 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lisa Peyton-Caire Alia Stevenson Source Type: research

Evaluation of Racial Disparities in Postoperative Outcomes Following Breast Reconstruction at a Single Institution in Wisconsin
This study evaluates the presence of racial disparities in postoperative outcomes of breast reconstruction at a single institution in Wisconsin.METHODS: An institutional review board-exempt retrospective study of postoperative outcomes was performed using a single institution's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Registry to identify patients who underwent autologous or prosthesis-based breast reconstruction following mastectomy. Patient demographic, preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables were recorded. Postoperative outcomes in relation to self-reported race were evaluated using univariate analysis...
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zeeda H Nkana Kasey Leigh Wood Alison M Karczewski Kirsten A Gunderson Sarah M Lyon Aaron M Dingle Samuel O Poore Source Type: research

Does Racial Disparity Exist Among Inpatient Admissions for Heart Attacks in Wisconsin?
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S48-S53.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or heart attack, carries a high inpatient death risk. Few national studies suggest race affects the outcomes of inpatients with AMI. In Wisconsin, an assessment of racial disparity among admissions for AMI is lacking.METHODS: Using the Wisconsin State Inpatient Database from 2016, demographics and outcomes for AMI admissions were analyzed. The goal was to compare demographic and hospitalization characteristics between non-Hispanic White patients and Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC).RESULTS: A total of 6,002 non-Hispanic Whites...
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Charles A Gusho Source Type: research

The Interplay of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Addressing Health Inequities
CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis suggests that physical therapy services in Wisconsin are often inaccessible to members of vulnerable communities: a matter of equity. Efforts to improve equity via patient access must entail interventions that address the other components of diversity, equity, and inclusion. We recommend that other health care professionals conduct similar analyses in order to determine whether we, as a health care community, are positioning ourselves to best service our patients.PMID:33819404 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lisa Steinkamp Daniel Deuel Maurice Lucre Pedro Zavala Source Type: research

Lead Poisoning and Racism in the Time of COVID-19
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S59-S60.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819405 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Do Dang Morgan Lively Alonzo Jalan Source Type: research

Microaggressions: Underrepresented Minority Physical Therapist Student Experiences While on Clinical Internships
CONCLUSION: Education and training in the recognition and management of incidents involving derogatory behavior are imperative to foster safe and inclusive clinical environments.PMID:33819406 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lisa Steinkamp Source Type: research

Assessing Perspectives on Systemic Racism in an Academic Hospital Medical Group: The ARCH Project
CONCLUSIONS: Providers were supportive of anti-racism training in the workplace and feel it is congruent with the public health mission of hospital medicine physicians.PMID:33819407 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Jesse Maupin Farah Kaiksow Jordan Kenik Ann Sheehy David Sterken Source Type: research

Implementing an Interprofessional Anti-Racism Training With Community Partners During a Pandemic: Outcomes and Recommended Strategies
DISCUSSION: Virtual anti-racism training is a valuable learning experience. Tools for adapting trainings on high-risk or emotionally charged topics to a virtual format are offered by participants and session leaders.PMID:33819408 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kjersti Knox Deborah Simpson Jacob Bidwell Wilhelm Lehmann Source Type: research

Race Matters: Addressing Racism as a Health Issue
DISCUSSION: The program established a baseline from which to develop anti-racist health care providers. Presenters reflect on the importance of addressing racism as a health issue, getting to know the community served, supporting team members of Color to thrive, and for health care institutions to address racism in an intentional manner.PMID:33819409 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bryan Johnston Veneshia McKinney-Whitson Veneshia Garrison Source Type: research

When We Become 'We'
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S78-S79.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819410 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Beverly A Hutcherson Saby Cordoba Noelle K LoConte Jennifer Y C Edgoose Source Type: research

Lessons Native American Culture Can Teach Us About Resilience During Pandemics and Health Care Crises
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S80-S84.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819411 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Matthew Dellinger Amy E Poupart Source Type: research

The Impact of Race and Racism on the Health of Patients in Wisconsin
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S84-S85.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819412 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Leonard Ezenagu Source Type: research

Together We Rise
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S86-S87.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819413 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kjersti Knox Source Type: research

Exploring the Impact of Race and Racism on Health
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S4-S5.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819394 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sarina Schrager Source Type: research

Homicide: A Leading Cause of Death for Black Non-Hispanics in Wisconsin
CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: Our findings strongly suggest that Black non-Hispanic Wisconsinites endure a significantly worse burden of firearm-related homicide compared to White non-Hispanic Wisconsinites and Black non-Hispanic Americans. This study demonstrates a significant disparity in firearm-related homicide that should inspire policy discussion.PMID:33819395 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zachary Dunton Stephen Hargarten Sara Kohlbeck Fauzia Osman Source Type: research

An Epidemiological Crossroads: The Intersection of Incarceration and Health Care
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S10-S12.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819396 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Farah Acher Kaiksow Kristin Brunsell Merss Noelle LoConte Source Type: research

Identifying Substantial Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Outcomes and Care in Wisconsin Using Electronic Health Record Data
DISCUSSION: Reducing health disparities is a statewide imperative. Root causes of health disparities, such as systemic racism and socioeconomic factors, should be addressed for groups experiencing multiple disparities, with focused efforts on selected measures when indicated.PMID:33819397 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Maureen A Smith Korina A Hendricks Lauren M Bednarz Matthew Gigot Abbey Harburn Katherine J Curtis Susan R Passmore Dorothy Farrar-Edwards Source Type: research

Prenatal Racial Discrimination Associated With Dissatisfaction With Prenatal Care
CONCLUSIONS: Completing the postpartum visit has the potential to save mothers' lives; decreasing experiences of racial discrimination in health care settings may be one mechanism for decreasing maternal and infant mortality.PMID:33819398 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Katie Gillespie Fiona Weeks Source Type: research

Examining the Association Between Racial Bias Exposure and Postpartum Depression Among Women in Wisconsin
CONCLUSION: Racial bias was associated with significantly increased risk of postpartum depression. Black women had higher odds for racial bias exposure than other groups. The relationship between racial bias and postpartum depression was not significant after adjusting for confounders, suggesting that social determinants potentially influenced this relationship. These findings should inform screening and health education interventions to minimize racism and poor maternal health outcomes.PMID:33819399 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Abdul Rahman Shour Alice Muehlbauer Ronald Anguzu Fiona Weeks John Meurer Source Type: research

Combatting Anti-Vaccination Misinformation: Improving Immunization Rates of Black/African American Children at UW Health
CONCLUSIONS: Health systems must assess their CIR for disparities and further dissect drivers to effect change. We focus on suggesting strategies to combat negative media campaigns, among others, to close the gap. Understanding of all factors is needed to develop effective interventions to reduce disparities in childhood immunization rates in the BAA community served by UW Health and beyond.PMID:33819400 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sharon-Rose Nartey Jonathan Temte Elizabeth Petty Source Type: research

Listening to Black Women: The Critical Step to Eliminating Wisconsin's Black Birth Disparities
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S39-S41.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33819401 (Source: WMJ)
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lisa Peyton-Caire Alia Stevenson Source Type: research

Evaluation of Racial Disparities in Postoperative Outcomes Following Breast Reconstruction at a Single Institution in Wisconsin
This study evaluates the presence of racial disparities in postoperative outcomes of breast reconstruction at a single institution in Wisconsin.METHODS: An institutional review board-exempt retrospective study of postoperative outcomes was performed using a single institution's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Registry to identify patients who underwent autologous or prosthesis-based breast reconstruction following mastectomy. Patient demographic, preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables were recorded. Postoperative outcomes in relation to self-reported race were evaluated using univariate analysis...
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zeeda H Nkana Kasey Leigh Wood Alison M Karczewski Kirsten A Gunderson Sarah M Lyon Aaron M Dingle Samuel O Poore Source Type: research

Does Racial Disparity Exist Among Inpatient Admissions for Heart Attacks in Wisconsin?
WMJ. 2021 Mar;120(S1):S48-S53.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or heart attack, carries a high inpatient death risk. Few national studies suggest race affects the outcomes of inpatients with AMI. In Wisconsin, an assessment of racial disparity among admissions for AMI is lacking.METHODS: Using the Wisconsin State Inpatient Database from 2016, demographics and outcomes for AMI admissions were analyzed. The goal was to compare demographic and hospitalization characteristics between non-Hispanic White patients and Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC).RESULTS: A total of 6,002 non-Hispanic Whites...
Source: WMJ - April 5, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Charles A Gusho Source Type: research