Evaluation of long-term quitters: who stays smoke free forever?
ConclusionDue to the low response rate, conclusions are limited; however, the 1 ‑year abstinence rate might not be as reliable as thought so far; long-term “sober” nicotine addicts remain at risk of relapse. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - April 6, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The Vienna Bone and Growth Center —care and research in the field of rare diseases
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - April 1, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Beethoven ’s death—the result of medical malpractice?
SummaryTwo different strands of hair taken from Beethoven ’s head after his death were examined for heavy metals using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser ablation-ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma–mass spectroscopy). The results revealed the presence of small lead particles on the surface of Beethoven’s hairs and fluctuating lead levels in hair medulla along the length of the hair due to alternating lead exposure, with an average lead exposure of 100 times the normal value. The time-line attached to the peaks of these fluctuating values correlate with the pneumonia treatment and the paracentese...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 25, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Beethoven ’s influence on Rokitansky’s methodology
SummaryPrompted by the autopsy of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 –1827) to seek the origins of disease in a changed anatomy, Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky (1804–1878) initiated a paradigm shift from speculative natural philosophical medicine to systematic scientific medicine. Until then, autopsy reports usually contained clinical observations as well as the diagnosis of the attending physician, which the pathologist merely supplemented with a description of the corpse. Influenced by Rokitansky’s search for scientific explanations for disease, pathology evolved from a descriptive to an expla...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 25, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Prof. Dr. Helmut Pietschmann, 1928 –2021
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Therapie von schwerbehandelbaren chronischen Wunden mit Hyalurons äureester: Eine Fallbeschreibung über sechs Patient*innen
ZusammenfassungDie Behandlung von chronischen Wunden ist meist eine gro ße Herausforderung für alle Beteiligten. Oft ist der Weg bis zur Heilung langwierig und frustran, sodass verschiedene Therapieversuche durchgeführt werden müssen, bis eine Heilung erzielt wird. In dieser retrospektiven Fallbeschreibung berichten wir über den Behandlungserfolg durch die Therapie mit einem Hyaluronsäureester-Flies, den wir bei 6 Patient*innen mit chronischen Wunden unterschiedlicher Genese erzielen konnten. Alle Patient*innen bekamen zusätzlich Kompressionsbandagen oder Kompressionsstrümpfe, ...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 18, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Fr üherkennung von einseitigen konnatalen Hörstörungen durch das Neugeborenen-Hörscreening und Umsetzung des SAV-Konzepts 2017 in den Bundesländern Niederösterreich und Burgenland
ZusammenfassungGrundlagenAktuelle Forschungsergebnisse zeigen, dass auch bei einseitiger H örstörung eine Versorgung mit Hörgeräten oder Cochlea Implantaten zu einer Verbesserung des Sprachverständnisses und des Richtungshörens führen kann. Daher wurde 2017 im SAV-Konzept (Screening Abklärung Versorgung von konnatalen Hörstörungen - Konzeptpapier 2017) der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Au diologie der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für HNO-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Halschirurgie der genaue Ablauf des Neugeborenen-Hörscreenings sowie der darauffolgenden Versorgung beschlossen...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 18, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Epiphysiodesis for the treatment of tall stature and leg length discrepancy
SummaryPainful orthopedic conditions associated with extreme tall stature and leg length discrepancy (LLD) include back pain and adopting bad posture. After failure of conservative treatment options, blocking of the growth plates (epiphysiodesis) around the knee emerged as gold standard in patients with tall stature and LLD in the growing skeleton. Surgical planning includes growth prediction and evaluation of bone age. Since growth prediction is associated with a  certain potential error, adequate planning and timing of epiphysiodesis are the key for success of the treatment. LLD corrections up to 5 cm can be ...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 18, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

No impact of weather conditions on the outcome of intensive care unit patients
This study investigated the impact of weather conditions on short- and long-term mortality of 4321 critically ill patients (66  ± 14 years, 2638 men) admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) over a period of 5 years. Meteorological information (air temperature, air pressure and humidity) for the same period was retrieved. The influence of absolute weather parameters, different seasons, sudden weather changes includin g “warm” and “cold” spells on ICU and long-term mortality was analyzed. After correction for Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS-2), no impact of meteorolo...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 18, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Briefsammlung Wittelsh öfer
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 18, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Hydrops fetalis with isolated massive ascites in a  preterm neonate with rhesus disease
SummarySignificant progress in prenatal care has decreased the incidence of rhesus incompatibility, which may result in hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). This case report describes an unusual presentation of HDFN in a  preterm infant delivered by caesarean section with isolated massive abdominal fluid collection as the leading clinical sign in addition to severe anemia. The immediate drainage of ascites provided transient clinical stabilization with improved pulmonary function in the delivery suite. After admiss ion to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), HDFN treatment was initiated. This case re...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 18, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Erratum zu: Emerging COVID-19 reinfection four months after primary SARS-CoV-2 infection
Ein Erratum zu dieser Publikation wurde ver öffentlicht:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10354-021-00813-1 (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 18, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Rare skeletal disorders: a  multidisciplinary postnatal approach to diagnosis and management
SummarySkeletal disorders are inherited disorders with significant skeletal involvement and most of them are rare or extremely rare. Based on the clinical, radiological and genetic phenotype, the group of skeletal disorder comprises more than 450 different and highly heterogeneous disorders. In skeletal disorders rapid and precise diagnoses are urgently needed for patient care and are based on the combination of clinical, radiological and genetic analysis. Novel genetic techniques have revolutionized diagnostics and have a  huge impact on counseling of patients and families. Disease-specific long-term management in a&...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 10, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Neuroimaging in dementia
This article gives an overview of the standard MRI protocol and of structural radiological reporting sys tems in patients who suffer from dementia. Moreover, it presents characteristic MRI features of the most common dementia subtypes. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - March 3, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Bone properties in osteogenesis imperfecta: what can we learn from a  bone biopsy beyond histology?
SummaryTransiliac bone biopsy samples are used to evaluate histology and bone cell activity in unclear pathological conditions. However, much additional information can be obtained from such bone samples. Using the example of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), the current article describes how biopsy samples can be further used to study bone material characteristics including the degree of matrix mineralization, organic matrix properties, mineral particle size and bone nanoporosity. OI is a  heritable collagen-related disorder that is phenotypically and genetically extremely heterogeneous. One essential finding was that OI...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Genetics of Alzheimer ’s disease
SummaryAlzheimer ’s disease (AD) is the leading cause of neurodegeneration in the elderly and is clinically characterized by slowly progressing cognitive decline, which most commonly affects episodic memory function. This eventually leads to difficulties in activities of daily living. Biomarker studies show that t he underlying pathology of AD begins 20 years before clinical symptoms. This results in the need to define specific targets and preclinical stages in order to address the problems of this disease at an earlier point in time. Genetic studies are indispensable for gaining insight into the etiology of neu...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Torquated large ovarian lymphoma as a  cause of acute abdomen: a case report of diffuse large B-cell ovarian lymphoma with a germinal center B-cell-like phenotype
ConclusionThe prognosis of ovarian lymphomas may be poorer than for other lymphomas because of late diagnosis. The best treatment option appears to be systemic chemotherapy. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 22, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Der nutz au ß den Krautgärten . Georg Henischs Übersetzungen pharmazeutischer Werke
ZusammenfassungGeorg Henisch (1549 –1618) stammte aus der heute slowakischen Stadt Bardejov (Bartfeld) und übersetzte vier in Latein verfasste pharmazeutische Schriften ins Deutsche. Drei dieser Werke waren von dem bekannten französischen Schriftsteller Antoine Mizauld und ein Werk von dem spätlateinischen Schriftsteller Sextus Placitus. Diese wurden in den Jahren 1574–1575 publiziert und erschienen bis 1615 in mehreren unveränderten Auflagen. In allen vier Werken, die sich an Laien richten, sind ungewöhnliche, leicht verfügbare Pflanzen-, Metall- und Tierarzneimittel thematisiert....
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 16, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Erratum zu: H ämatomneigung bei Lipödem: Kutane Genese oder Gerinnungsdefekt?
Ein Erratum zu dieser Publikation wurde ver öffentlicht:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10354-020-00792-9 (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 16, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Imaging of pediatric bone and growth disorders: Of diagnostic workhorses and new horizons
This article covers routine topics, differential diagnoses, and selected research imaging in children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), X‑linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH), achondroplasia, and other bone and growth disorders from the standpoint of a tert iary referral center. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 11, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The use of health apps in primary care —results from a survey amongst general practitioners in Germany
This study has researched prevailing opinion on health apps amongst primary care physicians, potential application areas physicians have seen in their experience with these apps up to now, and situations suitable for using apps in patient care. A  total of 2138 primary care physicians in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, responded to an anonymised written survey between March and June 2020. Physicians with a positive opinion (36%) emphasised motivation and compliance as advantages, whereas sceptical respondents (43%) expressed sus picion regarding data privacy and reliability as well as legal iss...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 11, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Briefsammlung Wittelsh öfer
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 11, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

20  Jahre Herausgeberschaft der Wiener Medizinischen Wochenschrift
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 11, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Emerging COVID-19 reinfection four months after primary SARS-CoV-2 infection
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 8, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Antimicrobial stewardship in Central Eastern European countries
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 1, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Organization of antibiotic stewardship in Europe: the way to go
SummaryIt is more than two decades ago that a  European Union conference on “The Microbial Threat” hosted by the Danish Government in Copenhagen in September 1998 issued recommendations to encourage good practice in the use of antimicrobial agents and reduce inappropriate prescribing. Essential components of those recommendations were anti microbial teams in hospitals and the use of feedback to prescribers as well as educational activities. Two decades later, important surveillance systems on both antimicrobial resistance as well as on antibiotic consumption are functioning at the European level and in mos...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 1, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Antimicrobial stewardship in central Eastern European countries
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 1, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Antimicrobial stewardship in central eastern european countries
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - February 1, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

New therapeutic options for bone diseases
SummaryIn recent years, new treatment options for both common and rare bone diseases have become available. The sclerostin antibody romosozumab is the most recently approved drug for the therapy of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Its anabolic capacity makes it a  promising treatment option for severe osteoporosis. Other sclerostin antibodies for the treatment of rare bone diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta are currently being investigated. For rare bone diseases such as X‑linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) and hypophosphatasia (HPP), specific therapies are now also available, showing promising data in children and adu...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 29, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Leg lengthening and deformity correction in rare bone diseases: a  multidisciplinary approach
SummaryCongenital and acquired conditions presenting with leg length discrepancy, leg deformity or short stature are not only a  challenge for paediatric orthopaedic surgeons in terms of treatment options but may also involve a number of medical specialties due to the complex clinical manifestations of the diseases. Various surgical treatment options are available for these rare genetic diseases, including bone lengthening and growth inhibition techniques for lower limb discrepancy, as well as guided growth and other surgical procedures for correction of angular deformities. Surgical techniques may be similar, bu...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 29, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Myoepitheliales Karzinom der Glandula parotis: Ein seltener Tumor mit diagnostischer Herausforderung
ZusammenfassungWir berichten über das Auftreten eines myoepithelialen Karzinoms (MC) der Ohrspeicheldrüse bei einer 58-jährigen Patientin 6 Jahre nach totaler Parotidektomie eines lokoregionären Myoepithelioms mit benigner Entität. Aufgrund des schnellen Wachstums im ehemaligen Resektionsgebiet erfolgten eine zeitnahe Pan endoskopie und Tumorexstirpation im Sinne einer Parotislogenrevision rechts. Aus histo- und zytomorphologischer Sicht wurde ursprünglich ein hyalinisiertes klarzelliges Karzinom der Speicheldrüse diagnostiziert. Erst nach weiterführender Immunhistochemie und An...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 29, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Briefsammlung Wittelsh öfer
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 29, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The snowdrop, wellspring of galanthamine
SummaryA  history of the common snowdrop,Galanthus nivalis, is set out in folkloric fashion. Its religious connection is evident as well as the inspiration it arouses in artists and in ordinary persons. It is intended to shed light on the initial works relating to the snowdrop ’s alkaloid, galanthamine, performed by Soviet and Bulgarian scientists, which lie buried away and generally remain unknown. A brief history and nature of alkaloids continues with the emphasis placed on galanthamine. Heretofore hidden uses of snowdrops in traditional (folk) medicine are unveiled. An anticholinesterase with central and...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 27, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Bone and growth: basic principles behind rare disorders
SummaryThe heterogeneity of “rare bone disorders” can be explained by the number of molecules and regulatory pathways which are responsible for bone health and normal stature. In this article, the most important basic principles behind bone homeostasis from development to structure and regulation of the growing skeleton ar e summarized. The aim is to provide the reader with some theoretical background to understand the nature of the different main groups of disorders affecting bone stability, longitudinal growth and disturbances of calcium and phosphate homeostasis. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 27, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Comment on “No evidence of occult HBV infection in population born after mass vaccination”
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 25, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Reversible severe glycogenic hepatopathy in type  1 diabetes
ConclusionGlycogenic hepatopathy is a  rare but important potential complication in poorly controlled juvenile diabetic patients. With improved metabolic control, it is fully reversible. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Involvement of medical students in a  surgery congress: impact on learning motivation, decision-making for a career in surgery, and educational curriculum
SummaryDuring the preclinical period of medical school, the clinical relevance of theoretical knowledge is given little attention. Medical students of the second year were invited to participate in an interdisciplinary congress for robot-assisted and digital surgery. The students had to evaluate the impact of the congress on their learning motivation, decision-making for a  career in surgery, and relevance for their educational curriculum. Participation in the congress increased their learning motivation for preclinical subjects, and significantly increased their interest in a surgical career. Most students consi...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 14, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Factors influencing general practitioners ’ perception of and attitude towards dementia diagnostics and care—results of a survey among primary care physicians in Germany
SummaryStudies have shown that primary care is not always effective when it comes to caring for people with dementia. In addition, general practitioners do not always use diagnostic instruments consistently. The aim of the study was to identify relevant factors that influence general practitioners ’ attitudes and willingness with respect to consistent diagnosis and care. For this purpose, resources, viewpoints, and behavioral patterns of general practitioners with regard to dementia diagnostics as well as common challenges in everyday practice were recorded. In the course of a survey, a t otal of 2266 gener...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 14, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Treatment of numerous hand warts with Clinopodium vulgare tea
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 14, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Vestibularisschwannome: Diagnose – Therapie – Nachsorge
ZusammenfassungVestibularisschwannome k önnen die Lebensqualität von Patienten stark beeinträchtigen. Neben einer eingeschränkten Hörfunktion wird die Gesichtslähmung hierbei als besonders störend empfunden. Unterschiedliche Wachstumsraten dieser gutartigen Tumore erschweren die zeitliche Vorhersage einer funktionellen Beeinträcht igung von Hirnnerven. Deshalb ist ein regelmäßiges Update zu aktuellen Therapiestrategien und alternative Behandlungsmöglichkeiten sowohl für Ärzte als auch Patienten relevant. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 13, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Synkopenabkl ärung bei Kindern und Jugendlichen – Handeln wir gemäß der aktuellen Leitlinie?
ZusammenfassungHintergrundSynkopen im Kindes ‑/Jugendalter sind häufig und meist gutartig. Mögliche kardiale Synkopen müssen durch sorgfältige Basisdiagnostik (Anamnese (I), körperliche Untersuchung (II), Elektrokardiografie (III)) und ggf. weiterführender Diagnostik ausgeschlossen werden.FragestellungWurde die Diagnostik bei Vorliegen einer Synkope entsprechend der g ültigen S2k-Leitlinie durchgeführt?Material und MethodenRetrospektive Analyse (01/2015 –12/2017), Kinderklinik des Universitätsklinikums des Saarlandes, Homburg, Deutschland. Eingeschlossen w...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 13, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Klinische Ethikberatung in der au ßerklinischen Langzeitpflege durch den Landesverband Hospiz OÖ – Bericht der ersten 5 Jahre
ZusammenfassungDie Betreuung pflegebed ürftiger alter Menschen in Senioreneinrichtungen und Altenheimen stellt deren Mitarbeiter in ihrer täglichen Arbeit immer wieder vor ethischen Fragen. Der Hospizverband Oberösterreich hat vor 5 Jahren ein klinisches Ethikkomitee eingerichtet, deren Aufgabe es ist, Mitarbeiter von außerklinische n Langzeiteinrichtungen bei ethischen Problemstellungen zu beraten und Hilfe zur Lösung gemeinsam zu erarbeiten. In dieser Zeit wurden 38 ethische Beratungen durchgeführt.Die Anfragen kamen von 24 der 137 in Ober österreich derzeit bestehenden Langzeitei...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - January 13, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

SARS-CoV ‑2, a virus with many faces: a series of cases with prolonged persistence of COVID-19 symptoms
SummarySevere acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus  2 (SARS-CoV-2), as the causative agent of the ongoing pandemic, has spread into more than 200 countries to date. The disease which is caused by the virus is termed COVID-19. In most cases, it presents at first like common flu with cough and other respiratory symptoms. Nevertheless, other symptoms have been reported, such as a feeling of extreme fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, or acute onset of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. Here we report a series of 10 cases (1 male, 9 females) observed between February and April 2020, ...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - December 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Successful pregnancy outcome in two sisters with cerebral palsy and phocomelia: a  case report and literature review
ConclusionThere is a  need to increase awareness, education, support, and advocacy in order to optimize pregnancy course and outcome in women with CP and phocomelia. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - December 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

H ämatomneigung bei Lipödem: Kutane Genese oder Gerinnungsdefekt?
ZusammenfassungDas Lip ödem ist eine insbesondere beim weiblichen Geschlecht häufig anzutreffende Erkrankung des Unterhautfettgewebes mit noch nicht eindeutig geklärter Pathogenese. Blutungskomplikationen sind in diesem Zusammenhang ebenfalls häufig. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde im Zuge der Evaluierung von individ uellen Risikoprofilen bei Patienten mit Blutungskomplikationen die jeweils veranlasste erweiterte Gerinnungsdiagnostik mit Blick auf eine mögliche ursächliche Beziehung ausgewertet. Hierbei konnte kein Zusammenhang zwischen einer Blutungsneigung bei Lipödem-Patientinnen und ...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - December 10, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Hypopyon sign as an unusual complication of varicella infection in a  girl with atopic dermatitis
We report an exceptional, not-yet described complication of chickenpox with hypopyon-forming superinfection in an atopic child. In addition, our case nicely underscores the necessity of early VZV vaccination, which has been available and recommended now for more than 10  years in pediatric vaccination programs to avoid severe complications. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - December 10, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

COVID-19-induced collateral damage
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - November 3, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Semi-refined carrageenan promotes generation of reactive oxygen species in leukocytes of rats upon oral exposure but not in vitro
ConclusionFood-grade carrageenan can enter leukocytes without affecting ROS generation as a  result of incubation for 2 h with leukocyte suspensions. On the contrary, oral exposure to E407a is accompanied by ROS overproduction by white blood cells, suggesting an indirect mechanism for the stimulation of ROS synthesisin vivo. E407a promotes cell death of leukocytes both in vivo andin vitro. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - October 27, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Pediatric infection and sepsis in five age subgroups: single-center registry
ConclusionWith this registry, children divided into five age subgroups with infection or sepsis were evaluated and treatment strategies were examined. We have shown that our findings on children treated in our pediatric intensive care unit conform with current literature about pediatric sepsis. In addition to maintaining strict hygiene standards, optimal aspects of sepsis care should be stringently observed, such as the quick administration of empirical broad-spectrum antibiotics, initial adequate fluid resuscitation, and a  reliable and frequent routine of source control. (Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - October 27, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Schilddr üse in speziellen Situationen
(Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift)
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - October 19, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research