Adaptation and Validation of the Health Belief Model Scale for Breast Self-Examination in Mexican Women
Publication date: December 2020Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 23Author(s): Dehisy Marisol Juárez-García, Manuel de Jesús García-Solís, Arnoldo Téllez (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - June 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost-Minimization Analysis of Ranibizumab Versus Aflibercept for Treating Saudi Patients With Visual Impairment Owing to Age-Related Macular Degeneration or Diabetic Macular Edema
Publication date: September 2020Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 22Author(s): Faris El-Dahiyat, Islam Eljilany (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - April 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What Do Doctors Think About Value-Based Healthcare? A Survey of Practicing Physicians in a Private Healthcare Provider in Brazil
Publication date: December 2020Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 23Author(s): Marcia Makdisse, Pedro Ramos, Daniel Malheiro, Marcelo Felix, Adriana Cypriano, Juliana Soares, Andrea Carneiro, Miguel Cendoroglo Neto, Sidney Klajner (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Satisfaction With Healthcare Services Among Patients With Diabetes, Hypertension, and/or Dyslipidemia in Mexico: A Cross-Sectional Study
ConclusionThere are several elements of organization, structure, and delivery of healthcare that are associated with patient satisfaction, although our findings need to be confirmed using longitudinal designs. Governments could use these findings to strengthen actions for improving patient satisfaction. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Psychometric Quality of EQ-5D-5L Scale for Assessing Health-Related Quality of Life of Malaria Patients
ConclusionThe EQ-5D-5L scale performed well in uncomplicated malaria, hence, it is recommended for use in the assessment of health-related quality of life in this patient population. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - January 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness of Natalizumab Compared With Fingolimod for Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Treatment in Colombia
ConclusionsThis study showed that natalizumab dominated fingolimod with lower costs and higher QALYs in patients with high-activity RRMS. These results are consistent with previous published international literature. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Implementing Health Technology Assessments in Latin America: Looking at the Past, Mirroring the Future. A Perspective from the ISPOR Health Technology Assessment Roundtable in Latin America
ConclusionsFormerly, HTA processes and methods played important although mostly isolated roles (with drug licensing or reimbursement being examples of this). Nowadays, with more and more innovative technologies and the establishment of value frameworks to support the priority setting in healthcare, HTA features a promising panorama for the health systems sustainability. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Is There Something Else Beyond Cost-Effectiveness Analysis for Public Health Decision Making?
Publication date: December 2020Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 23Author(s): Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela, Mario García-Molina, Fernando De la Hoz-RestrepoAbstractHealthcare costs are a concern for the sustainability of health systems in both rich and poor countries. Achieving a balance between the aspirations of payers and the manufacturers of new technologies is a challenge for democratic societies. Evidence about the efficacy and effectiveness of a new intervention is a fundamental aspect for its inclusion, but additional information about organization, implementation, and feasibility is require...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - December 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Socioeconomic Status With Childhood Anemia Among Infant, Toddler, and Preschool Children in Bangladesh
ConclusionUrgent preventive measures are needed to control the impending childhood anemia among infants and preschool children, especially in the low and medium SES households (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03126253). (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - December 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Equity in Healthcare Financing in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
ConclusionsResults revealed that several factors can affect a country’s failure to establish equity in financing the health system. These factors include an increase in direct payments by people to reduce the government’s share, failure to cover insurance for the entire population (and especially the poor), and problems in identifying people from low-income groups and setting rules for exempting them from taxes. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - November 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Factors Associated With Direct Medical Costs in Gastric Cancer Patients: Quantile Regression Approach Compared With Gamma Regression
ConclusionsExamining the cost of a common illness, such as gastric cancer, is an important economic tool for policy makers and decision makers. It provides evidence-based decision making about resource allocation that they can use for future planning and cost control. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparative Analysis of Prescription Drug Prices in South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Countries
The objective of this study was to compare the prices of some selected drugs in SAARC countries.MethodsA list of 24 drugs was prepared based on certain inclusion and exclusion criteria. The retail prices of the drugs were determined from different sources and verified manually in the open market. The prices obtained in local currencies were converted into US dollars for comparison purposes. In another analysis, the gross domestic product (GDP) of each country was factored for comparative analysis.ResultsOut of the 23 drugs, 17 comparisons across countries were statistically different at P
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - November 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Population Aging, Technological Innovation, and the Growth of Health Expenditure: Evidence From Patients With Type 2 Diabetes in Taiwan
ConclusionsPopulation aging plays a more significant role than technological innovation in driving up health expenditures for the treatment of diabetic patients. This suggests that population aging may contribute significantly to the future growth of the healthcare sector in Asian countries such as Taiwan. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - November 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inappropriate Rate of Admission and Hospitalization in the Iranian Hospitals: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsAdoption standard measures of admission and hospitalization, treating patients in appropriate care centers, and establishing a referral system is essential to reduce the inappropriate admission and hospitalization in Iranian hospitals. Such interventions can lead to a reduction in personnel costs and workload and ultimately increase the productivity of the hospital. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - November 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing the Low Influenza Vaccination Coverage Rate Among Healthcare Personnel in India: A Review of Obstacles, Beliefs, and Strategies
ConclusionsVarious barriers are responsible for the low influenza vaccination coverage among Indian healthcare personnel. Many interventions are being practiced, but they need to be multidimensional keeping in mind that healthcare personnel value their autonomy in making decisions about vaccinations. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - November 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

From Evidence to Policy: Economic Evaluations of Healthcare in Malaysia - A Systematic Review
ConclusionThis review identifies information gaps and loopholes in health economics research in Malaysia. Additionally, this study provides the information that the majority of published interventions in Malaysia fell within the cost-effectiveness threshold of 1 GDP per capita per quality-adjusted life-years or disability-adjusted life-years gained. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - November 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Valuing Health State: An EQ-5D-5L Value Set for Ethiopians
ConclusionsThis is the first EQ-5D-5L valuation study in Africa using international valuation methods (c-TTO and DCE) and also the first using the EQ-PVT protocol to derive a value set. We expect that the availability of this value set will facilitate health technology assessment and health-related quality-of-life research and inform policy decision making in Ethiopia. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - November 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Cost-Effectiveness of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening in Estonia
ConclusionPopulation-based AAA screening of elderly men is likely to be a cost-effective measure in reducing the AAA-related disease burden. Given the increase in the overall costs, the actual policy decisions regarding implementing an AAA screening program in Estonia are likely to be influenced by availability of resources as well. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Using a Balloon-Expandable Valve in Japan: Experience From the Japanese Pilot Health Technology Assessment
ConclusionsTF-TAVI was cost-effective when compared with SAVR for HR patients and when compared with SOC for inoperable patients, using a threshold of ¥5 million/QALY. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Complicated Issues of Medical Examination: A Case Study of the Irkutsk Region
ConclusionEvery section of the N 131 report showed significant inconsistencies among the summary survey results for both the Irkutsk Region and Russia. This could result in a misunderstanding of disease prevalence and, consequently, in improper decision making. At this point, approaches to statistical analysis of health surveys must be reconsidered on a national scale. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Tackling the 3 Big Challenges Confronting Health Technology Assessment Development in Asia: A Commentary
Publication date: May 2020Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 21Author(s): Yot Teerawattananon, Yik Ying Teo, Saudamini Dabak, Waranya Rattanavipapong, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Hwee-Lin Wee, Nan Luo, Alec MortonAbstractThere has been continuous development in the field of health technology assessment (HTA) owing to the added value of HTA in supporting healthcare reimbursement decisions. Collaboration and engagement among countries in Asia has been carried out to share experiences and learning on the barriers and factors facilitating the implementation and use of HTA in policy making. A symposium on the topic of...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Use of Reimbursed Psychology Videoconference Services in Australia After Their Introduction: An Investigation Using Administrative Data
ConclusionsVideoconference mental health services were used in the first year that they were available, although they only accounted for a small percentage of all mental health consultations provided by allied health professionals. This finding lays the foundation for future work which could examine the effectiveness of the scheme in reducing inequity and investigating the economic benefits of the expanded initiative to the government and society. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Estimation of Quality-Adjusted Life Expectancy of Oral Cancer Patients: Integration of Lifetime Survival With Repeated Quality-of-Life Measurements
ConclusionsThe methods for estimating QALE and loss of QALE can be applied to economic evaluation of cancer control, including screening. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiología, consumo de recursos y costos del manejo médico de la Hepatitis C en Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay y Venezuela
ConclusionHepatitis C presents a high burden of disease in the countries under study, and its management imposes significant costs on health systems.ResumenObjetivoLa infección crónica por el virus de la hepatitis C (VHC) es una de las principales causas de cirrosis y carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) en el mundo. El objetivo fue describir la epidemiología, el consumo de recursos y los costos relevantes en el manejo de la hepatitis C en cuatro países latinoamericanos: Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay y Venezuela.Diseño del estudioRevisión bibliográfica, estudio de costos y opini&oac...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Survey on Willingness to Pay for Life-Saving Treatment, Functional Recovery, and Cosmesis in a Neuroscience Outpatient Clinic Setting in Singapore
Publication date: May 2020Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 21Author(s): Voon Hao Lew, Angela An Qi See, Jia Jun Goh, Ting Hway Wong, Nicolas Kon Kam KingAbstractBackgroundNeurologic disorders impose a heavy burden on healthcare in Singapore. To date, no data on the willingness to pay (WTP) for neurologic treatments has been reported in the local population.ObjectivesWe aimed to quantify the value of various health domains to neuroscience patients and their caregivers by comparing their WTP for different types of treatments.MethodsA questionnaire using a mixed open-ended and closed-ended contingent valuation ...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Economic Burden of Candidemia and Invasive Candidiasis: A Systematic Review
ConclusionQuality cost studies on candidemia and IC based on standardized methods to provide informed decision making among healthcare authorities in implementing appropriate strategies is anticipated, in particular in developing countries. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Development of Health Technology Assessment in Asia: Current Status and Future Trends
The objective of this article is to provide an overview of how HTA has been or is being implemented in Asia within the context of a country’s existing—and often complex—coverage, reimbursement, and pricing schemes. Three countries at different stages of HTA implementation were selected as case studies: South Korea, where there is a young yet established HTA program; Japan, where a 3-year HTA pilot program has just concluded; and China, where HTA efforts are underway but have not been formally implemented. Not only do the experiences of these 3 countries well exemplify how the organization and scope of HTA...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost-Utility Analysis of First-Line Pemetrexed Plus Cisplatin in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in Thailand
ConclusionsAt the current price of pemetrexed, the combination of pemetrexed plus cisplatin was not found to be a cost-effective first-line regimen for patients with non-small cell lung cancer at the local Thai threshold compared with the gemcitabine plus cisplatin and carboplatin plus paclitaxel regimens. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Burden of Hypoglycemia in Patients With Insulin-Treated Diabetes Mellitus in China: Analysis of Electronic Medical Records From 4 Tertiary Hospitals
Publication date: May 2020Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 21Author(s): Xiaomeng Yue, Jiuhong Wu, Zhen Ruan, Michael L. Wolden, Lanting Li, Yong LinAbstractBackgroundHypoglycemia is a common acute complication in patients with diabetes and markedly impacts on medical resource use.ObjectivesTo make an initial assessment of the incidence of hypoglycemia and the associated utilization of medical resources and medical costs in insulin-treated patients with diabetes using medical records from 4 tertiary hospitals in China.MethodsA retrospective cohort study was conducted using electronic medical records from 4 te...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Budget Impact Analysis of Extended-Release Phenytoin Capsules Compared With Immediate-Release Phenytoin Capsules for Epilepsy Patients in Thailand
ConclusionPrescribing extended-release phenytoin showed the lowest total budget impact in Thailand. A healthcare policy recommendation developed from this research would help in solving the antiepileptic drug issue. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Structure and Parameterization of the Breast Cancer Transition Model Among Chinese Women
ConclusionA breast cancer transition model for Chinese women has been established with validity. It could be a point of reference for further economic evaluations and breast cancer screening policy formulation. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Impact of Pharmaceutical Policies on Medicine Procurement Pricing in Indonesia Under the Implementation of Indonesia’s Social Health Insurance System
ConclusionThe pharmaceutical policies under the JKN implementation had a profound impact on decreasing medicine procurement prices in Indonesia. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Brazilian Portuguese Version of the DISCERN Instrument: Translation Procedures and Psychometric Properties
ConclusionsThe Brazilian Portuguese version of the DISCERN questionnaire has excellent internal consistency and good reproducibility. The evaluators’ ages, sex, and health literacy did not interfere with the score resulting from the evaluation of the quality of the text. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cost of Patients With Hemophilia A and High-Titer Inhibitors in Colombia
ConclusionsHemophilia A with high-titer inhibitors is a disease that generates significant pressure on the Colombian health system, mainly linked to the cost of factors and bypassing agents. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Economic Cost of Severe Acute Respiratory Infection Associated to Influenza in Colombian Children: A Single Setting Analysis
ConclusionsSevere acute respiratory infection is an important source of economic burden for the health system, families, and society in Colombia. Seasonal influenza vaccination should be strengthened to prevent more cases and save economic resources. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - September 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Price of Substitute Technologies
ConclusionIn conclusion, the price of substitute technologies should be limited by the cost-effectiveness ratio of the incumbent technology. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - September 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2019Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 19Author(s): (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - September 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Publication date: September 2019Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 19Author(s): (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - September 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Copyright/Subscription
Publication date: September 2019Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 19Author(s): (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - September 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Value of a Statistical Life-Year in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence From a Large Population-Based Survey in Tanzania
ConclusionOur results provide empirical evidence to support moving away from using the World Health Organization cost-effectiveness thresholds in practice because they will likely result in inefficient underinvestment in cost-effective interventions, even in relatively poor samples. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Analysis of Direct Monthly Cost of Outpatient Hospital-Based Care for Children With Cerebral Palsy in Kano, Nigeria
ConclusionThe average direct monthly cost of providing outpatient hospital-based care for children with CP in Kano City, Nigeria may not be affordable because most of the participants earned very meager monthly incomes. The highest medical cost was incurred from radiological investigation, whereas transportation was the most important out-of-pocket cost. The Nigerian government should make a policy decision for the automatic enrollment of all children diagnosed with CP into the National Health Insurance Scheme. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Review of Pharmacoeconomic Studies in Russian Cancer Research: An Outside View
ConclusionOur review indicates that oncologic economic evaluations published in Russian are limited in scope and number. In addition, they demonstrate opportunities for improvement in several important technical areas. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of Disparities in Reimbursement Rules Between Public and Private Sectors on Accessibility to Care in Moroccan Mandatory Health Insurance: A Cross-Sectional Study
The objective is to analyze the impact of these disparities on access to care and to assess the insured’s copayment difference between the 2 funds.MethodsHealthcare utilization rates of the insured population in the 2 funds were analyzed by sector, sex, and age groups for 2014. We also looked at the percentage of copayment paid by the insured depending on the fund, methods of reimbursement, type of care, and nature of diseases. The analysis was based on data retrieved and aggregated at the National Agency for Health Insurance.ResultsThe healthcare utilization rate differs significantly between the 2 funds. It is high...
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Budget Impact of Cryoablation Versus Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in the Brazilian Public Healthcare System
ConclusionsCryoablation of AF resulted in cost savings compared with the current scenario (RF ablation guided by electroanatomic mapping). When alternative technologies were considered, cryoablation was more expensive than RF ablation with a nonirrigated catheter, but it also resulted in savings compared with RF ablation guided by intracardiac echocardiography. Overall, cryoablation of AF may reduce expenditures in the Brazilian public health system. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Cost-Effectiveness of Continuous Versus Intermittent Renal Replacement Therapies in Acute Kidney Injury: Perspective of the Social Services for the Elderly in Argentina
ConclusionsContinuous RRT for patients with AKI eligible for CRRT or IRRT would probably be a cost-effective intervention for the National Institute of Social Services for Retirees and Pensioners’ view. Nevertheless, there is considerable uncertainty around results, mainly due to the lack of adequate controlled studies and local data on the prognosis of these patients in Argentina. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Resource Utilization and Costs Associated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention When Treating Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome in the Mexican National Institute of Cardiology “Ignacio Chávez”
ConclusionThe mean cost per patient shows that PCI is an expensive procedure in Mexico. A lack of subsidies for surgical equipment places a high economic burden on the patient and represents a barrier of access for a vulnerable population that likely increases mortality and morbidity rates in those patients unable to pay for treatment and a potential high burden of debt for those who do pay. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

External Reference Pricing for Pharmaceuticals—A Survey and Literature Review to Describe Best Practices for Countries With Expanding Healthcare Coverage
ConclusionPolicymakers should consider a set of requirements when introducing ERP, including clear definitions and decision criteria in full transparency. External reference pricing should inform and serve as a benchmark for pricing decisions, rather than being used as the sole pricing mechanism. External reference pricing is primarily a tool to support decisions regarding on-patent pharmaceuticals, and for off-patent products, competition may prove more effective in reducing prices than ERP. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Willingness-to-Accept and Willingness-to-Pay Ratios of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Services in a Nigerian Hospital: A Cross-sectional Contingent Valuation Study
ConclusionsAll services had high WTP, WTA-to-WTP ratios, and income effects, with inelastic income elasticity coefficients: patients in the Nigerian hospital attribute high value to all PMTCT services. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Impact of Financial Crisis, Austerity Measures, and Bailout Agreement on Cypriots’ Health: The Memorandum Is Dead, Long Live the Memorandum
ConclusionsWe demonstrate that crisis and health reforms did not exert any negative effects on Cypriots’ health; nevertheless, a significant increase of patients who face difficulties in financing their health needs was reported. The mental health sector was, in particular, affected by the crisis, and consequently, health agencies must closely monitor this topic along with the aforementioned affordability issues. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Cost of Managing Occupational Injuries Among Frontline Construction Workers in Ghana
ConclusionThere is high direct and indirect cost for managing occupational injury among construction workers. Advocacy and awareness about workplace insurance and regulatory policies should adequately be strengthened and prioritized through periodic monitoring and evaluations. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - August 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research